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1.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 98: 10-18, 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911287

RESUMO

Two in vitro trials were conducted to identify a peptide with antioxidant activity and immunoenhancement from cottonseed meal protein hydrolysate (CPH) for fish. Primary hepatocytes of Megalobrama amblycephala were treated with CPH. In experiment 1, CPH significantly increased aspartate aminotransferase (GOT), alanine aminotransferase (GPT), total superoxide dismutase (t-SOD), catalase (CAT), and lysozyme activities, as well as up-regulated SOD, CAT, antimicrobial peptides 1 (Leap 1) and Leap 2 mRNA levels (p < 0.05). However, CPH significantly down-regulated the expression of NADPH oxidase-2 (NOX2), Kelch-like-ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1), NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and BTB and CNC homolog 1 (Bach1) mRNA (p < 0.05) in fish hepatocytes. Experiment 2 showed that the molecular mass of CPH was distributed mainly in the 700-1024 Da range. Peptide 1 (P1) and P2 significantly decreased GOT and GPT activities in conditioned medium (p < 0.05); however, P4 and P6 did not affect GOT and GPT activities (p > 0.05). Furthermore, P4 significantly increased hepatocyte GOT, GPT, t-SOD, CAT levels and lysozyme activities (p < 0.05), up-regulated SOD, CAT, Leap1 and Leap2 mRNA expression levels, and down-regulated the expression of Nrf2 and NOX2 mRNA (p < 0.05) in fish hepatocytes. The above results indicated that CPH and P4 enhanced hepatocyte metabolism, as well as improved antioxidant capacities and innate immunity of blunt snout bream hepatocytes.

3.
Ann Plast Surg ; 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913899

RESUMO

Skeletofacial reconstruction in skeletally mature patients with cleft lip/palate can be challenging because of multifaceted condition-specific anatomical features in addition to several repercussions from surgical intervention during the growing period. This surgical report presents the history and evolving philosophy of cleft-skeletofacial reconstruction at the Chang Gung Craniofacial Center, a referral center for cleft care in Taiwan. The maximization of satisfactory function and the appearance outcome-burden ratio have been the fundamental aims for this team to develop and upgrade cleft-skeletofacial reconstruction over the past 4 decades, with more than 10,000 mature patients treated. The study highlights key lessons learned in outcome-based and patient-oriented changes over time until the current approach, which focuses on patient-centered care with a comprehensive, multidisciplinary, and team-based model. Substantial advances in surgical, orthodontic, anesthetic, and computer imaging aspects have contributed to improving and optimizing the correction of a broad spectrum of facial and occlusal deformities while ensuring safety, predictability, efficiency, and stability in outcomes. Understanding the development and refinement of cleft-skeletofacial reconstruction over the time and transferring these time-tested and scientifically validated protocols and principles to clinical practice may serve as a reliable foundation to continue the advancement and enhancement of the delivery of surgical cleft care worldwide.

4.
Org Lett ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916776

RESUMO

Crokonoid A (1), a highly rearranged diterpenoid featuring a dual-bridged tricyclo[4.4.1.11,4]dodecane-2,11-dione ring system and its two possible ent-kaurene diterpenoid precursors (2 and 3), was isolated and structurally characterized by solid data from Croton kongensis. Compound 1 exhibited significant cytotoxicity against HL-60 and A-549 cell lines with IC50 values of 1.24 ± 0.56 and 1.92 ± 0.60 µM, respectively.

5.
Cell Death Differ ; 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907393

RESUMO

Osteoporosis develops because of impaired bone formation and/or excessive bone resorption. Several pharmacological treatment of osteoporosis has been developed; however, new treatments are still necessary. Cholesterol and estrogen receptor-related receptor alpha (ERRα) promote osteoclasts formation, survival, and cellular fusion and thus become high risk factors of osteoporosis. In this study, we identified that carnosic acid (CA) suppressed bone loss by dual-targeting of sterol regulatory element-binding protein 2 (SREBP2, a major regulator that regulates cholesterol synthesis) and ERRα. Mechanistically, CA reduced nuclear localization of mature SREBP2 and suppressed de novo biogenesis of cholesterol. CA subsequently decreased the interaction between ERRα and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-beta (PGC1ß), resulting in decreased the transcription activity of ERRα and its target genes expression. Meanwhile, CA directly bound to the ligand-binding domain of ERRα and significantly promoted its ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. Subsequently, STUB1 was identified as the E3 ligase of ERRα. The lysine residues (K51 and K68) are essential for ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of ERRα by CA. In conclusion, CA dually targets SREBP2 and ERRα, thus inhibits the RANKL-induced osteoclast formation and improves OVX-induced bone loss. CA may serve as a lead compound for pharmacological control of osteoporosis.

6.
Vet Microbiol ; 240: 108522, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902486

RESUMO

The porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) becomes an important causative agent of swine disease since its discovery in 2016. PCV3 infection exhibits a wide range of clinical syndromes causing substantial economic losses in swine industry. Previous studies have reported the detection of numerous known viruses including circovirus in mosquitoes. However, the transmission of PCV3 in field-caught mosquitoes remains largely unknown. This study aims to detect PCV3 infection in mosquitoes and analyze its genomic characteristics. Here, we performed a PCR to detect the PCV3 in 269 mosquito samples collected from pig farms located in Heilongjiang, Jilin, and Yunnan provinces. The proportion of PCV3-positive mosquitoes was 32.0 % (86/269), ranging from 21.4%-42.5% at farm level, which may imply that mosquito serves as a route of transmission for PCV3. To determine the possible origin of PCV3 in mosquitoes, 80 pig serum samples were collected from the pig farms where mosquito sampling was also performed. The proportion of PCV3-positive farms ranged from 15.0%-30.0 % in which infection of positive pigs positively correlated with mosquitoes carrying the virus. Additionally, we sequenced the entire genome of 6 strains of PCV3 in mosquitoes and 2 strains of PCV3 in pigs. Sequence analysis indicated a 100 % nucleotide similarity between mosquito and pig viral isolates that were all collected from similar farms. Phylogenetic analysis showed that PCV3 could be divided into two clades, PCV3a and PCV3b, and the PCV3 strains isolated in mosquitoes were distributed on the two clades. Our results demonstrate that mosquitoes may serve as a potential transmission vector in the life-cycle of PCV3, revealing possible transmission routes of PCV3.

7.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(1): 284-292, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854929

RESUMO

Batch experiments were conducted to investigate the adsorption characteristics and mechanism of monothioarsenate (MTA) (>99%) on sand, soil sediment, and goethite under different pH and solid-liquid ratio conditions. Results showed the following. ① When MTA ranged from 0.14 to 23.59, 0.19 to 41.27, and 0.27 to 32.02 mg·L-1 in solutions, its maximum equilibrium adsorption capacity (Qm) in sand, soil sediment, and goethite was 21.54, 277.98, and 2607.42 mg·kg-1, respectively. After its adsorption reached equilibrium, a small amount of the MTA in the solutions transformed into arsenite and arsenate. ② As pH increased from 4 to 10, the equilibrium adsorption capacity (Qe) of MTA on sand decreased gradually, whereas Qe first decreased and then increased for soil sediment and goethite. As the solid-liquid ratio increased, the Qe of MTA in the three media gradually decreased. ③ X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and BET results further showed that the major factors controlling MTA adsorption on the three media included the low pore volume of sand, the high degree of crystallization of the soil sediment, and the large number of hydroxyl functional groups (-OH) on goethite.

8.
J Pathol ; 250(1): 55-66, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31579932

RESUMO

Peritoneal fibrosis remains a problem in kidney failure patients treated with peritoneal dialysis. Severe peritoneal fibrosis with encapsulation or encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis is devastating and life-threatening. Although submesothelial fibroblasts as the major precursor of scar-producing myofibroblasts in animal models and M2 macrophage (Mϕ)-derived chemokines in peritoneal effluents of patients before diagnosis of encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis have been identified, attenuation of peritoneal fibrosis is an unmet medical need partly because the mechanism for cross talk between Mϕs and fibroblasts remains unclear. We use a sodium hypochlorite-induced mouse model akin to clinical encapsulated peritoneal sclerosis to study how the peritoneal Mϕs activate fibroblasts and fibrosis. Sodium hypochlorite induces the disappearance of CD11bhigh F4/80high resident Mϕs but accumulation of CD11bint F4/80int inflammatory Mϕs (InfMϕs) through recruiting blood monocytes and activating local cell proliferation. InfMϕs switch to express chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 17 (CCL17), CCL22, and arginase-1 from day 2 after hypochlorite injury. More than 75% of InfMϕs undergo genetic recombination by Csf1r-driven Cre recombinase, providing the possibility to reduce myofibroblasts and fibrosis by diphtheria toxin-induced Mϕ ablation from day 2 after injury. Furthermore, administration of antibody against CCL17 can reduce Mϕs, myofibroblasts, fibrosis, and improve peritoneal function after injury. Mechanistically, CCL17 stimulates migration and collagen production of submesothelial fibroblasts in culture. By breeding mice that are induced to express red fluorescent protein in Mϕs and green fluorescence protein (GFP) in Col1a1-expressing cells, we confirmed that Mϕs do not produce collagen in peritoneum before and after injury. However, small numbers of fibrocytes are found in fibrotic peritoneum of chimeric mice with bone marrow from Col1a1-GFP reporter mice, but they do not contribute to myofibroblasts. These data demonstrate that InfMϕs switch to pro-fibrotic phenotype and activate peritoneal fibroblasts through CCL17 after injury. CCL17 blockade in patients with peritoneal fibrosis may provide a novel therapy. © 2019 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

9.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 6(23): 1902147, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832329

RESUMO

With the relentless development of smart and miniaturized electronics, the worldwide thirst for microscale electrochemical energy storage devices with form factors is launching a new era of competition. Herein, the first prototype planar sodium-ion microcapacitors (NIMCs) are constructed based on the interdigital microelectrodes of urchin-like sodium titanate as faradaic anode and nanoporous activated graphene as non-faradaic cathode along with high-voltage ionogel electrolyte on a single flexible substrate. By effectively coupling with battery-type anode and capacitor-type cathode, the resultant all-solid-state NIMCs working at 3.5 V exhibit a high volumetric energy density of 37.1 mWh cm-3 and an ultralow self-discharge rate of 44 h from V max to 0.6 V max, both of which surpass most reported hybrid micro-supercapacitors. Through tuning graphene layer covered on the top surface of interdigital microelectrodes, the NIMCs unveil remarkably enhanced power density, owing to the establishment of favorable multidirectional fast ion diffusion pathways that significantly reduce the charge transfer resistance. Meanwhile, the as-fabricated NIMCs present excellent mechanical flexibility without capacitance fade under repeated deformation, and electrochemical stability at a high temperature of 80 °C because of using nonflammable ionogel electrolyte and in-plane geometry. Therefore, these flexible planar NIMCs with multidirectional ion diffusion pathways hold tremendous potential for microelectronics.

10.
ACS Nano ; 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31834778

RESUMO

Large scale implementation of electrochemical water splitting for hydrogen evolution requires cheap and efficient catalysts to replace expensive platinum. However, catalysts that work well at high current densities with ultrafast intrinsic activities is still the central challenge for hydrogen evolution. An ideal case is to use single atoms on monolayer two-dimensional (2D) materials, which simplifies the system and in turn benefits the mechanism study, but a grand challenge to synthesize. Here, we report a universal cold hydrogen plasma reduction method for synthesizing different single atoms sitting on 2D monolayers. In case of molybdenum disulfide, we design and identify a type of active site, i.e., unsaturated Mo single atoms on cogenetic monolayer molybdenum disulfide. The catalyst shows exceptional intrinsic activity with a Tafel slope of 36.4 mV dec-1 in 0.5 M H2SO4, and superior performance at a high current density of 400 mA cm-2 with an overpotential of ~260 mV, based on single flake microcell measurements. Theoretical studies indicate that coordinately unsaturated Mo single atoms sitting on molybdenum disulfide increase the bond strength between adsorbed hydrogen atoms and the substrates through hybridization, leading to fast hydrogen adsorption/desorption kinetics and superior hydrogen evolution activity. This work shines fresh light on preparing highly-efficient electrocatalysts for water splitting and other electrochemical processes, as well as provides a general method to synthesize single atoms on two-dimensional monolayers.

11.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(6): 1912-1918, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839059

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of the expression regulation of mitotic control protein DIS3 on the proliferation ability of 3 cell Lines of human myeloma. METHODS: Human myeloma cell lines NCI-h929, RPMI 8226 and U266B1 were selected as study objects, and the over-expression vector of DIS3 gene and DIS3-siRNA were designed and constructed, respectively. The cell experiments were divided into 5 groups: control, DIS3 over-expression-empty vector, DIS3-siRNA negative control, DIS3 over-expression and DIS3-siRNA group. After culture for 24 h, 48 h and 72 h, the proliferation capacity of these three cell lines was measured by MTT assay. And cell samples were collected after culture for 72 h, the expression of proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot. RESULTS: MTT assay results showed that the proliferation capacity of cells in DIS3 over-expression group was significantly reduced, as compared with the DIS3 over-expression-empty vector group at the same time point (24, 48 or 72 h) (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with DIS3-siRNA negative control group at the same time point (24, 48 or 72 h), the proliferation capacity of cells in the DIS3-siRNA group significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). The results of RT-qPCR and Western blot showed that the mRNA and protein expression levels of PCNA in cells of DIS3 over-expression group were significantly reduced, as compared with DIS3 over-expression empty vector group (P<0.01). Compared with the DIS3-siRNA negative control group, the mRNA and protein expression of PCNA in the cells of DIS3-siRNA group very significantly increased (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Over expression of DIS3 can significantly reduce the proliferation ability of 3 cell lines of human myeloma, which may be closely related with reducing PCNA expression.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804621

RESUMO

The bone marrow (BM) niche regulates multiple hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) processes. Clinical treatment for hematological malignancies by HSC transplantation often requires preconditioning via total body irradiation, which severely and irreversibly impairs the BM niche and HSC regeneration. Novel strategies are needed to enhance HSC regeneration in irradiated BM. We compared the effects of EGF, FGF2, and PDGFB on HSC regeneration using human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that were transduced with these factors via lentiviral vectors. Among the above niche factors tested, MSCs transduced with PDGFB (PDGFB-MSCs) most significantly improved human HSC engraftment in immunodeficient mice. PDGFB-MSC-treated BM enhanced transplanted human HSC self-renewal in secondary transplantations more efficiently than GFP-transduced MSCs (GFP-MSCs). Gene set enrichment analysis showed increased antiapoptotic signaling in PDGFB-MSCs compared with GFP-MSCs. PDGFB-MSCs exhibited enhanced survival and expansion after transplantation, resulting in an enlarged humanized niche cell pool that provide a better humanized microenvironment to facilitate superior engraftment and proliferation of human hematopoietic cells. Our studies demonstrate the efficacy of PDGFB-MSCs in supporting human HSC engraftment.

13.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 28(4): 388-390, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792479

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the dental quality comprehensively by data model of efficacy coefficient based on the principle of multi-objective programming. METHODS: The correlation index of dental medical quality was selected by Delphi method, while the index weight was determined by the scale of the analytic hierarchy process. Then efficacy coefficient method was used to evaluate the dental quality of Shanghai Stomatological Hospital in a certain period. RESULTS: During the period of 2016-2017, the D value of the efficiency coefficient was 84.92, 83.41, 86.99 and 81.98, respectively, which demonstrated that the overall quality of the hospital was in good condition. CONCLUSIONS: The efficiency coefficient method can objectively reflect the comprehensive level of medical quality, which can provide a strong support for comprehensive evaluation and control of the quality of dental hospital.

14.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(12): 1313-8, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820607

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the eliminating effects of moxibustion at "Baihui" (GV 20), "Fengfu" (GV 16) and "Dazhui" (GV 14) on amyloid ß-peptide (Aß) in brain of the amyloid precursor protein/presenili1 (APP/PS1) double-transgenic mice with Alzheimer's disease (AD) by regulating the phosphoinositide 3-kinases/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) signaling pathway. METHODS: A total of 60 APP/PS1 double-transgenic mice with AD were randomly divided into a model group, a moxibustion group, a rapamycin group and a combination group (treated with moxibustion and inhibitor), 15 mice in each group, another 15 male C57BL/6J mice with same age and background were selected as the control group. In the moxibustion group, pressing moxibustion was applied at "Baihui" (GV 20) while the mild moxibustion was applied at "Fengfu" (GV 16) and "Dazhui" (GV 14). The treatment was manipulated for 20 min each time, once a day for 2 weeks. In the rapamycin group, rapamycin (2 mg/kg) was given by intraperitoneal injection once a day for 2 weeks. On the basis of the treatment in the moxibustion group, 3-methyladenine (1.5 mg/kg) was given by intraperitoneal injection once a day for 2 weeks. The mice in the control and the model group received normal diet and no intervention was given for 2 weeks. Immunohistochemica method was used to measure the levels of Aß1-42 in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal, transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the formation of autophagosome in hippocampus, and Western blot method was used to observe the levels of PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, mTOR and p-mTOR in hippocampus. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the levels of Aß1-42 in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal were increased in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the levels of Aß1-42 in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal were decreased in the moxibustion group, the rapamycin group and the combination group (all P<0.01), compared with the moxibustion group, the levels of Aß1-42 in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal were increased in the combination group (P<0.01), while there was no significant difference between the moxibustion group and the rapamycin group in the levels of Aß1-42(P>0.05). Compared with the rapamycin group, the levels of Aß1-42 in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal were increased in the combination group (P<0.01). In the model group, the cytoplasmic utophagic vacuoles and organelles of neuron were reduced. In the moxibustion group, the utophagic vacuoles were increased, and the organelles showed deformation and atrophy. In the rapamycin group, the utophagic vacuoles were widely disturbed and few deformed organelles were found. In the combination group, few utophagic vacuoles were found and additional organelles showed deformation and atrophy. Compared with the control group, the levels of PI3K、Akt、p-Akt、mTOR and p-mTOR were increased in the model group (all P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the levels of PI3K、Akt、p-Akt、mTOR and p-mTOR were reduced in the moxibustion group, the rapamycin group and the combination group (all P<0.01). Compared with the moxibustion group, the levels of PI3K、Akt、and p-mTOR were increased in the rapamycin group and the levels of PI3K、Akt、p-Akt、mTOR and p-mTOR were increased in the combination group (all P<0.01). Compared with the rapamycin group, the levels of PI3K、Akt、p-Akt、mTOR and p-mTOR were increased in the combination group (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion at acupoints of governor vessel can enhance the autophagy process on Aß1-42 in brain of the APP/PS1 double-transgenic AD mice, which may be associated with its effects on inhibiting the abnormal activation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.

15.
Ann Hum Biol ; : 1-8, 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825250

RESUMO

Background: Bai and Yi people are two Tibeto-Burman speaking ethnic groups in Yunnan, southwest China. The genetic structure and history of these two groups are largely unknown due to a lack of available genetic data.Aim: To investigate the paternal genetic structure and population relationship of the Yi and Bai people.Subjects and methods: We collected samples from 278 Bai individuals and 283 Yi individuals from Yunnan and subsequently genotyped 43 phylogenetically relevant Y-SNPs in those samples. We estimated haplogroup frequencies and merged our data with a reference database including 46 representative worldwide populations to infer genetic relationships.Results: Y chromosomal haplogroup O-M175 is the dominant lineage in both Bai and Yi people. The Bai and Yi show a close genetic relationship with other Tibeto-Burman-speaking populations with high frequencies of haplogroup O2a2b1a1-Page23, which is also confirmed by PCA. The frequencies of the Tai-Kadai specific lineage O1a-M119, the southern China widespread lineage O1b-P31 and the eastern China enriched lineage O2a1b-002611, are also relatively high in our studied populations.Conclusions: The paternal Y chromosomal affinity of the Bai and Yi with Tibeto-Burman groups is consistent with the language classification. During the formation of the Bai and Yi populations, there were multiple large-scale admixtures, including the expansion of Neolithic farming populations from northern China, the assimilation of Tai-Kadai-speaking populations in southwest China, the demographic expansion driven by Neolithic agricultural revolution from southern China, and the admixture with populations of military immigration from northern and eastern China.

16.
Dent Mater ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784060

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of surface conditioning methods on the bond strength of industrial indirect composite blocks (ICs). METHODS: Based on the PICOS strategy, the Medline via PubMed, Embase and Web of Science (ISI - Web of Knowledge) electronic databases were searched for peer-reviewed articles in both English and Chinese, with no publication year limit. In vitro studies evaluating the effects of surface conditioning on the bond strength of ICs were selected. The meta-analysis was conducted to calculate the mean difference between surface-conditioned ICs and unconditioned controls. Subgroup analysis was performed to evaluate the different surface conditioning methods, separately for polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) material and the ICs with dispersed fillers (ICDFs). Meta-analyses were performed with a random-effects model at a significance level of 0.05. RESULTS AND SIGNIFICANCE: From 802 relevant studies, 25 were selected for full-text analysis. Nineteen studies were eligible for inclusion in this systematic review, whereas 9 studies were included in the meta-analysis. A manual search of the principal periodicals specific to the area resulted in no additional articles. The meta-analysis indicated a significant difference in bond strength between the surface-conditioned ICs and controls under both non-aged and aged conditions. The combination of mechanical and chemical conditioning yielded the highest bond strength of ICs. This meta-analysis suggests that chemical etching followed by a universal primer and alumina air abrasion followed by a silane coupling agent could be considered the best strategy for optimizing the bond strength of PICN materials and ICDFs under aged conditions, respectively.

17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 18002, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784669

RESUMO

It is known that the day-night shift-rotation has a negative impact on the immune system. The underlying mechanism remains to be further investigated. Probiotics have regulatory effects on immune functions. This study aims to investigate the role of probiotic ingestion in preventing the DEC205+ dendritic cell (decDC) dysfunction in day-night shift-engaging nurses. In this study, blood samples were collected from day-night shift-rotating nurses who took or did not take yogurt (containing C. Butyricum) during the night shift (NS). decDC functions were evaluated with pertinent immunological approaches. We observed that the immune tolerogenic functions and interleukin (IL)-10 expression were impaired in decDCs of nurses after NS. HDAC11 was detected in decDCs that was markedly up regulated after NS. The HDAC11 levels were negatively correlated with the immune tolerogenic functions in decDCs. Ingestion of probiotic-containing yogurt during NS efficiently suppressed Bmal1 and HDAC11 levels as well as up regulated the immune regulatory functions in decDCs. In conclusion, NS has a negative impact on decDC immune tolerogenic functions, which can be prevented by ingesting probiotics-containing yogurt during NS.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784766

RESUMO

This study was intended to develop an environment-friendly controlled release system for spirotetramat in an alginate matrix. Four formulations, starch-chitosan-calcium alginate (SCCA), starch-calcium alginate (SCA), chitosan-calcium alginate (CCA), and calcium alginate (CA) complex gel beads, were prepared by the extrusion-exogenous gelation method. The properties of the formulations were studied. The results showed that the release behaviors of the formulations in water could be well described by the logistic model, and the release occurred through Fickian diffusion. Among the four formulations, SCCA showed the highest entrapment efficiency, drug loading and the slowest release rate. Degradation studies revealed that the SCCA formulation exhibited an obvious slower degradation rate of spirotetramat in soils than the commercially available formulation. The estimated half-life of the SCCA formulation was 2.31, 3.25, and 4.51 days in waterloggogenic paddy soil, purplish soil, and montmorillonite, respectively, when the soils were moistened to 60% of its dry weight. This study provided a possible approach to prolong the duration of spirotetramat and to reduce environmental contamination.

19.
Clin Chim Acta ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Progesterone is one of the female steroid hormones and plays an important role in the menstrual cycle and during pregnancy. It is especially important in preparing the uterus for the implantation of the blastocyst and maintaining pregnancy. The concentration in human serum is measured to determine the ovarian function retroactively and the cause of abortion in early pregnancy. METHODS: A quantification assay based on isotope dilution mass spectrometry to determine the concentration of progesterone in human serum is reported. Incorporated with 13C3-progesterone, serum samples were subjected to progesterone extraction and clean-up by C4 solid-phase-extraction columns and hexane-based liquid/liquid extraction, respectively. The cleaned-up serum samples were then subjected to MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry for the quantification of progesterone. RESULTS: Progesterone and the internal standard, 13C3-progesterone, were measured in the selected reaction monitoring mode for the transitions m/z 315.4 to 108.9 and m/z 318.4 to 111.9, respectively. We calculated the peak area ratio of progesterone to 13C3-progesterone. The progesterone concentration in human serum was calculated by substituting the peak area ratio into an isotope dilution calibration curve, and then compared with the radioimmunoassay. CONCLUSIONS: In the study, the concentrations of serum progesterone were measured, and the recovered progesterone concentration determined by the assay showed good robustness and consistency in comparison to the conventional radioimmunologic assay. We concluded that the 13C3-progesterone-based quantification assay is a robust method for the measurement of serum progesterone.

20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799551

RESUMO

Reconstructed transparent conductive films of fluorine doped tin oxide on glass substrates synthesized by electrochemical reduction followed by thermal oxidation were demonstrated to be effective in collecting photogenerated electrons in planar perovskite solar cells. Compared to the cells fabricated with the pristine film, the cell based on the reconstructed film shows an improved power conversion efficiency under forward scan from 9% to 15.1% and greatly weakened hysteresis behavior.

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