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1.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6658321, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33937407

RESUMO

A thin endometrium affects the success of assisted reproduction due to low endometrial receptivity. Acupuncture improves endometrial receptivity and promotes the formation of pinopodes, the ultrastructure marker implantation window. However, the specific underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, the efficacy of acupuncture treatment and its underlying mechanism were investigated by analyzing pregnancy rate, pinopode formation, and related molecular markers in thin endometrium model rats. Absolute ethanol (95%) was injected into the uteruses of female Sprague-Dawley rats to construct a thin endometrium model. In this model, acupuncture stimulation at EX-CA1, SP6, and CV4 ameliorated the pregnancy rate. Significantly increased embryo implantation, endometrial thickness, numbers of glands, and blood vessels were observed in the electroacupuncture (EA) group compared to the model group. The number of pinopodes in the EA group was abundant, with a shape similar to that of the control group. Additionally, significantly higher expression levels of pinopode-related markers, including integrin αvß3, homeobox A10 (HOXA10), heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HBEGF), estrogen receptor alpha (ERα), and progesterone receptor (PR), were observed in the EA group than those in the model group. In conclusion, EA had a positive effect on the endometrial receptivity of thin endometrium model rats by improving pinopode formation through multiple molecular targets.

2.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(9): 5917-5928, 2021 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33856788

RESUMO

Previous studies often attribute microbial reductive dechlorination to organohalide-respiring bacteria (OHRB) or cometabolic dechlorination bacteria (CORB). Even though methanogenesis frequently occurs during dechlorination of organic chlorinated pollutants (OCPs) in situ, the underestimated effect of methanogens and their interactions with dechlorinators remains unknown. We investigated the association between dechlorination and methanogenesis, as well as the performance of methanogens involved in reductive dechlorination, through the use of meta-analysis, incubation experiment, untargeted metabolomic analysis, and thermodynamic modeling approaches. The meta-analysis indicated that methanogenesis is largely synchronously associated with OCP dechlorination, that OHRB are not the sole degradation engineers that maintain OCP bioremediation, and that methanogens are fundamentally needed to sustain microenvironment functional balance. Laboratory results further confirmed that Methanosarcina barkeri (M. barkeri) promotes the dechlorination of γ-hexachlorocyclohexane (γ-HCH). Untargeted metabolomic analysis revealed that the application of γ-HCH upregulated the metabolic functioning of chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation in M. barkeri, further confirming that M. barkeri potentially possesses an auxiliary dechlorination function. Finally, quantum analysis based on density functional theory (DFT) indicated that the methanogenic coenzyme F430 significantly reduces the activation barrier to dechlorination. Collectively, this work suggests that methanogens are highly involved in microbial reductive dechlorination at OCP-contaminated sites and may even directly favor OCP degradation.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Euryarchaeota , Bactérias , Biodegradação Ambiental , Hexaclorocicloexano
3.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-13, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858522

RESUMO

Poor utilisation efficiency of carbohydrate always leads to metabolic phenotypes in fish. The intestinal microbiota plays an important role in carbohydrate degradation. Whether the intestinal bacteria could alleviate high-carbohydrate diet (HCD)-induced metabolic phenotypes in fish remains unknown. Here, a strain affiliated to Bacillus amyloliquefaciens was isolated from the intestine of Nile tilapia. A basal diet (CON), HCD or HCD supplemented with B. amy SS1 (HCB) was used to feed fish for 10 weeks. The beneficial effects of B. amy SS1 on weight gain and protein accumulation were observed. Fasting glucose and lipid deposition were decreased in the HCB group compared with the HCD group. High-throughput sequencing showed that the abundance of acetate-producing bacteria was increased in the HCB group relative to the HCD group. Gas chromatographic analysis indicated that the concentration of intestinal acetate was increased dramatically in the HCB group compared with that in the HCD group. Glucagon-like peptide-1 was also increased in the intestine and serum of the HCB group. Thus, fish were fed with HCD, HCD supplemented with sodium acetate at 900 mg/kg (HLA), 1800 mg/kg (HMA) or 3600 mg/kg (HHA) diet for 8 weeks, and the HMA and HHA groups mirrored the effects of B. amy SS1. This study revealed that B. amy SS1 could alleviate the metabolic phenotypes caused by HCD by enriching acetate-producing bacteria in fish intestines. Regulating the intestinal microbiota and their metabolites might represent a powerful strategy for fish nutrition modulation and health maintenance in future.

4.
Theranostics ; 11(11): 5491-5510, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33859759

RESUMO

Rationale: Postmenopausal-induced bone loss is mainly caused by declining core transcription factors (TFs) of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), but little is known about how miRNAs regulate chromatin structure remodeling of TFs gene to maintain BMSCs function in bone homeostasis. Methods: We examined the serum, salivary and bone samples from Pre- and Post-menopause women by paired analysis and confirmed canonical ceRNA role of MIR143HG and miR-143/145 complexes in cytoplasm and noncanonical role for SOX2 transcription in nucleus (FISH, qRT-PCR, immunostaining, Luciferase assays and ChIP). Moreover, we took advantage of transgenic mice under OVX-induced osteoporosis, studying the in vitro and in vivo effect of miR-143/145 deletion on BMSCs function and bone homeostasis. Last, using miRNA antagonism, antagomiR-143/145 were delivered into bone marrow to treat estrogen-deficient bone loss. Results: Here, we identified miR-143/145 as potential diagnostic candidates for postmenopausal osteoporosis, and miR-143/145 overexpression impaired BMSCs self-renewing and differentiation function. Mechanistically, we confirmed that cytoplasmic miR-143/145 and LncRNA MIR143HG, that controlled by ERß, cooperatively regulated pluripotency genes translation via canonical ceRNA pathway, and MIR143HG cooperates with miR­143 to nuclear translocation for co-activation of SOX2 transcription via opening promoter chromatin. Meanwhile, miR­143/145 were shuttled into osteoclasts in extracellular vesicles and triggered osteoclastic activity by targeting Cd226 and Srgap2. Furthermore, miR-143/145-/- mice or using chemically­modified antagomiR-143/145 significantly alleviated estrogen-deficient osteoporosis. Conclusions: Our findings reveal a canonical and noncanonical role of miR-143/145 in controlling BMSCs pluripotency and unfold their dual effect on bone formation and bone resorption, suggesting miR-143/145 as promising therapeutic targets for treating estrogen-deficient bone loss.

5.
BMC Neurol ; 21(1): 165, 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33874914

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical characteristics of Parkinson's disease (PD) differ between men and women, and late- and early-onset patients, including motor symptoms and some nonmotor symptoms, such as cognition, anxiety, and depression. OBJECTIVE: To explore the features of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and night-time sleep quality in PD patients of different sexes and age at onset (AAO). METHODS: Demographic data and clinical characteristics of 586 PD patients were collected. Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used to investigate the daytime drowsiness and nocturnal sleep. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the risk factors of EDS and poor night-time sleep quality. RESULTS: Sleep disorders were common in PD patients. EDS was more prominent in men than in women. There was no significant difference in ESS scores between late-onset PD (LOPD) and early-onset PD. LOPD patients had a higher probability of poor night-time sleep quality. Male sex, disease duration, and depression were risk factors for EDS. In all patients of both sexes and all AAO, depression was a risk factor for poor night-time sleep. CONCLUSION: More attention should be paid to sleep disorders of PD patients, especially male LOPD patients. Depression is a common risk factor for EDS and poor sleep quality in PD patients.

6.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33850278

RESUMO

Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play an important role in the initiation and development of liver fibrogenesis, and abnormal glucose metabolism is increasingly being considered a crucial factor controlling phenotypic transformation in HSCs. However, the role of the factors affecting glycolysis in HSCs in the experimental models of liver fibrosis has not been completely elucidated. In this study, we showed that glycolysis was significantly enhanced, while the expression of brain and muscle arnt-like protein-1 (Bmal1) was downregulated in fibrotic liver tissues of mice, primary HSCs, and transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1)-induced LX2 cells. Overexpression of Bmal1 in TGF-ß1-induced LX2 cells blocked glycolysis and inhibited the proliferation and phenotypic transformation of activated HSCs. We further confirmed the protective effect of Bmal1 in liver fibrosis by overexpressing Bmal1 from hepatic adeno-associated virus 8 in mice. In addition, we also showed that the regulation of glycolysis by Bmal1 is mediated by the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1/α-ketoglutarate (IDH1/α-KG) pathway. Collectively, our results indicated that a novel Bmal1-IDH1/α-KG axis may be involved in regulating glycolysis of activated HSCs and might hence be used as a therapeutic target for alleviating liver fibrosis.

7.
Environ Pollut ; 280: 116991, 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845409

RESUMO

The retention of organic pollutant (OP) in soils is commonly attributed to interactions with soil organic matter (SOM), perhaps overlooking substantial involvement of soil minerals. In this study, 36 soil samples with far-ranging ratios of clay to organic carbon were used to examine contribution of minerals on soil sorption of pentachlorophenol (PCP) and phenanthrene (PHE). Sorption isotherms (n = 216) were fit individually using three typical sorption models, with the most fitted Kd values screened out for quantification of the net mineral contribution to total sorption via development of mathematical model accounting for associations between minerals and SOM. Two mineral-relevant parameters [adsorption distribution coefficient (Kmin) and mineral contribution index (MCI)] were simultaneously defined. Previously reported soil sorption data of PCP, PHE and butachlor (13, 12 and 46, respectively) were also extracted and included to improve the credibility of mathematic model. The average MCI values were calculated as 0.421, 0.405 and 0.512 in PCP, PHE and butachlor treated soils, respectively, very close to or even over than the minerals dominant critical value (0.5). This suggested the significant, or even predominant, contribution of minerals - as compared to SOM. Significant dependence of MCI with four conventional parameters of soil property further offered the possibility to roughly evaluate mineral contributions based on estimated threshold values of soil property parameters (especially TOC). This study provides an accessible approach for predicting the contribution of minerals in soil OP retention, especially highlighting their predominant roles vs. SOM in regulating OP removal in most of subsurface soil or contaminated brownfields where organic carbon content of soil was very low, that was not like what previously believed.

8.
Food Chem ; 357: 129726, 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33866240

RESUMO

Pickering emulsions stabilized by zein/carboxymethyl dextrin nanoparticles were added to the κ-carrageenan-based gel matrix to prepare emulsion gels via EDC - induced covalent crosslinking. Texture, WHC and freeze-thaw stability of the emulsion gels increased after crosslinking. The Confocal laser scanning microscope and SEM suggested that droplet clusters could be observed in gel with higher concentration of emulsion. The rheological measurements indicated that the viscosity and gel-like structure were relied on crosslinking agent and emulsion concentration. The photothermal stability of curcumin was significantly enhanced after crosslinking. In addition, in vitro digestion study suggested that the bioaccessibility of curcumin in emulsion gel crosslinked was lower compared to emulsion gel without crosslinking agent. These studies might facilitate the preparation of emulsion gels with excellent stability for bioactive compounds delivery in food and pharmaceutical applications.

9.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 258: 119808, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33895656

RESUMO

Diseases caused by metabolic abnormalities, such as inflammation and fatty liver, which are characterized by high viscosity, so it is necessary to detect the change of viscosity in vivo and in vitro. Due to the advantages of high sensitivity, noninvasive detection, high selectivity and real-time imaging, fluorescence imaging has become an effective means to detect biological parameters of biomolecules and life systems. Therefore, we have prepared a red emitting fluorescent probe NBI-V with easy synthesis which can ensure that the probe can be developed for the widely used to detection of viscosity changes in vivo and in vitro. The probe NBI-V has good stability, high response times, selectivity, and good biocompatibility. As the viscosity of a water-glycerol system increased from 1.29 cp to 937.48 cp, the fluorescence of NBI-V was increased by about 77 times. Biological experiments showed that the probe NBI-V can target mitochondria, and the Pearson correlation coefficient was as high as 0.89. What's more, it can distinguish normal liver from fatty liver, and can detect the viscosity changes caused by inflammation in mice.

10.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 62(4): 1, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792620

RESUMO

Purpose: RPE injury often induces epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). Although RPE-EMT has been implicated in a variety of retinal diseases, including proliferative vitroretinopathy, neovascular and atrophic AMD, and diabetic retinopathy, it is not well-understood at the molecular level. To contribute to our understanding of EMT in human RPE, we performed a time-course transcriptomic analysis of human stem cell-derived RPE (hRPE) monolayers induced to undergo EMT using 2 independent, yet complementary, model systems. Methods: EMT of human stem cell-derived RPE monolayers was induced by either enzymatic dissociation or modulation of TGF-ß signaling. Transcriptomic analysis of cells at different stages of EMT was performed by RNA-sequencing, and select findings were confirmed by reverse transcription quantitative PCR and immunostaining. An ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA) was performed to identify signaling pathways and regulatory networks associated with EMT. Results: Proteocollagenolytic enzymatic dissociation and cotreatment with TGF-ß and TNF-α both induce EMT in human stem cell-derived RPE monolayers, leading to an increased expression of mesenchymal factors and a decreased expression of RPE differentiation-associated factors. Ingenuity pathway analysis identified the upstream regulators of the RPE-EMT regulatory networks and identified master switches and nodes during RPE-EMT. Of particular interest was the identification of widespread dysregulation of axon guidance molecules during RPE-EMT progression. Conclusions: The temporal transcriptome profiles described here provide a comprehensive resource of the dynamic signaling events and the associated biological pathways that underlie RPE-EMT onset. The pathways defined by these studies may help to identify targets for the development of novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of retinal disease.

11.
Clin Interv Aging ; 16: 583-591, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33854308

RESUMO

Background: Prognostic evaluation of elderly patients with hip fracture is an issue that has been highly concerned by clinicians. Only a few studies have focused on organ dysfunction after hip fracture in the elderly. This study aimed to investigate the association between high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) at admission and organ dysfunction during hospitalization in elderly patients with hip fracture. Methods: We enrolled 168 patients with hip fracture who were aged 80 years and older at Geriatric Orthopaedic Center of Sichuan Provincial Orthopedic Hospital between January 2020 and August 2020. Baseline characteristics, perioperative information, and short-term clinical outcomes were analyzed. Results: Of the 208 patients admitted during the study period, 168 met the inclusion criteria; of these, 91 (54.2%) had higher hs-TnT than the 99th percentile in the normal population. After adjustment for confounders, elevated hs-TnT was independently associated with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome in the elderly (MODSE) (adjusted OR, 5.76; 95% CI, 1.74-19.10; P = 0.004), heart dysfunction (adjusted OR, 7.48; 95% CI, 2.17-25.82; P = 0.001), MODS severity score > 3 (adjusted OR, 5.22; 95% CI, 1.32-20.60; P = 0.018), and length of hospital stay > 14 days (adjusted OR, 2.38; 95% CI, 1.05-5.36; P = 0.037). Conclusion: Increased hs-TnT on admission is an independent risk factor for MODSE after hip fracture in patients aged 80 years and older. Effective measures should be applied to avoid progression of MODSE from pre-failure stage to failure stage.

12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6614784, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33855074

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the immune cell therapy for T cell lymphoma, we developed CD4-specific chimeric antigen receptor- (CAR-) engineered T cells (CD4CART), and the cytotoxic effects of CD4CART cells were determined in vitro and in vivo. Methods: CD4CART cells were obtained by transduction of lentiviral vector encoding a single-chain antibody fragment (scFv) specific for CD4 antigen, costimulatory factor CD28 fragment, and intracellular signal transduction domain of CD3 fragments. Control T cells were obtained by transduction of reporter lentiviral vector. The cytotoxicity, tumor growth, and survival rate of mice with T cell lymphoma were analyzed after adoptive T cell transfer in vivo. Results: CD4CART cells had potent cytotoxic activity against CD4+ T1301 tumor T cells in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, adoptive CD4CART cell transfer significantly suppressed tumor growth and improved animal survival with T cell lymphoma, compared to the mice who received control T cells and PBS. Conclusion: CD4CART cells have potent cytotoxic effects on T cell lymphoma. The study provided an experimental basis for CD4CART-mediated therapy of T cell lymphoma.

13.
Gene ; 787: 145641, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848573

RESUMO

Trehalose-6-phosphate synthase (TPS) exerts important functions related to plant desiccation tolerance and responses to environmental stimuli. However, in Medicago truncatula, the TPS family has not been reported to date. This study found 11 MtTPS genes in the genome of M. truncatula, which could be divided into two subfamilies: Class I and Class II. All TPS family members have a TPS domain (Glyco transf_20) at the N-terminus and a TPP domain (Trehalose_PPase) at the C-terminus. Interestingly, the genetic structures differ between Class I and Class II, Class I members have more introns than Class II members. Furthermore, transcriptome and real-time PCR analysis showed that five MtTPS genes could be induced by drought, salt or cold. Specifically, MtTPS2, MtTPS8, MtTPS9, MtTPS11 were up-regulated under both drought and salt treatment, particularly, MtTPS8 and MtTPS9 can also be induced by cold, while MtTPS7 only responded to salt stress. In summary, this study provides the foundation for further research on TPS genes in M. truncatula and their regulatory function in response to abiotic stresses.

14.
Biosci Rep ; 41(5)2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881140

RESUMO

Shensu IV is a Chinese prescription well-known for its function in treating chronic kidney diseases. However, the potential mechanisms underlying how Shensu IV exerts its effects remain unclear. In the present study, we investigated the effects of Shensu IV on glomerular podocyte injury in nephrotic rats and puromycin-induced injury in cultured podocytes, and assessed the associated molecular mechanisms. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) results showed that the main components of Shensu IV were l-Carnitine, P-lysoPC (LPC) 16:0, Coumaroyl tyramine, Tetramethylpyrazine, LPC 18:1, Choline, (S,S)-Butane-2,3-diol, and Scopoletin. We further found that nephrotic rats displayed pathological alterations in kidney tissues and ultrastructural changes in glomerular podocytes; however, these effects were reversed with Shensu IV treatment. Compared with the control, the numbers of autophagosomes were markedly reduced in the model group, but not in the Shensu IV treatment group. Furthermore, the expression of p62 was significantly higher in the model group than in the controls, whereas the LC3-II/I ratio was significantly lower; however, these changes were not observed when Shensu IV was administered. The protective effects of Shensu IV were further confirmed in podocytes displaying puromycin-induced injury. Compared with control group, the expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) H19, mTOR, p-mTOR, and p62 was significantly increased in the puromycin group, whereas that of distinct subgroup of the RAS family member 3 (DIRAS3) was significantly decreased, as was the LC3-II/I ratio. The opposite results were obtained for both shH19- and Shensu IV-treated cells. Collectively, our data demonstrated that Shensu IV can prevent glomerular podocyte injury in nephrotic rats and puromycin-treated podocytes, likely via promoting lncRNA H19/DIRAS3-regulated autophagy.

15.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; 65(9): e2000869, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33783973

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Degraded porphyran is a bioactive polysaccharide extracted from Porphyra haitanensis (P. haitanensis). According to the previous studies, it produced anti-inflammatory activity, but little is known about its effects on depression. METHODS AND RESULTS: As inflammation is one of the critical factors involved in the development of depression, this study aims to elucidate the potential antidepressant-like effects of degraded porphyran. The results show that acute porphyran treatment decreased the immobility time in despair tests. In addition, subchronic porphyran administration reverses depressive-like behaviors in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated mice. Meanwhile, porphyran inhibits NF-κB/NLRP3 signaling, proinflammatory cytokine release, and microglial activation in the hippocampus. Moreover, chronic porphyran treatment activates hippocampal brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/TrkB/ERK/CREB signaling pathway in chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) in mice. As a result, neurogenesis and spinogenesis are maintained. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the present study indicate that degraded porphyran intake provides a potential strategy for depression treatment, which is mediated by the inhibition of neuroinflammation and the enhancement of neurogenesis and spinogenesis in the central nervous systems.

16.
ACS Chem Neurosci ; 12(7): 1262-1272, 2021 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734697

RESUMO

The relationship between depression and Parkinson's disease (PD) is complicated and still not fully understood. We investigated whether depression increased the susceptibility to PD and whether this resulted from neuroinflammation mediated by purinergic ligand-gated ion channel 7 receptor (P2X7R) of microglia in mice. Depression was induced by a 14-day chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS), and PD was induced by 1-day acute injection of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Before MPTP administration, some mice were given brilliant blue G (BBG), a P2X7R inhibitor. Changes in depression and motor function were assessed by sucrose preference, tail suspension, open field, and rotating rod tests. Differences in P2X7R, caspase-1, NLRP3 inflammasome, interleukin (IL)-1ß, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), and microglial activation among experimental groups were detected by immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry, western blotting, and ELISA. CUMS-induced depression-like behavior, and MPTP induced PD in mice. CUMS mice had no motor dysfunction, but the dyskinesia and loss of TH-positive neurons in the substantia nigra after MPTP treatment were more serious than with MPTP treatment alone. With behavioral changes, neuroinflammatory markers, such as caspase-1, NLRP3 and IL-1ß increased, and microglia were activated as well as expression of P2X7R increased. Additionally, BBG partly reversed the above abnormalities. Summarily, we suggest that CUMS aggravates dyskinesia and death of dopaminergic neurons in an MPTP-PD model via promoting activation of microglia and neuroinflammation, which may be mediated by P2X7R. Inhibition of P2X7R could be a new control strategy for PD associated with depression.

17.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 552: 170-175, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751934

RESUMO

Biobased production of 5-aminovalerate (5AVA) from biomass can support a sustainable and economic biorefinery process to produce bio-based nylon 5 for food packaging materials. Cost-competitive production of 5AVA from biomass is a key factor in the successful commercialization of nylon 5. Bioproduction of 5AVA is a promising candidate for the industrial process to the current petrochemical route. In this study, we developed an artificial 2-keto-6-aminocaproate-mediated pathway for cost-competitive and high efficiency production of 5AVA in engineered Escherichia coli. Firstly, the combination of native l-lysine α-oxidase (RaiP) from Scomber japonicas, α-ketoacid decarboxylase (KivD) from Lactococcus lactis and aldehyde dehydrogenase (PadA) from Escherichia coli could efficiently convert l-lysine into 5AVA. Moreover, the engineered strains ML03-PnirB-RKP, ML03-PPL-PR-RKP, ML03-PM1-93-RKP induced by anaerobic condition, temperature-induced, constitutive expression instead of expensive isopropyl ß-D-thiogalactoside were constructed, respectively. The use of nirB promoter induced by anaerobic condition not only could attain a higher titer of 5AVA than PL-PR and M1-93 promoters, but omit cost of expensive exogenous inducers. After the replacement of industrial materials, 5AVA titer successfully reached 33.68 g/L in engineered strain ML03-PnirB-RKP via biotransformation. This biotransformation process conduces to the cosmically industrial 5AVA bioproduction.

18.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(10): 4753-4764, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33759345

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has become a global pandemic worldwide. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a subclass of endogenous, non-protein-coding RNA, which lacks an open reading frame and is more than 200 nucleotides in length. However, the functions for lncRNAs in COVID-19 have not been unravelled. The present study aimed at identifying the related lncRNAs based on RNA sequencing of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection as well as health individuals. Overall, 17 severe, 12 non-severe patients and 10 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Firstly, we reported some altered lncRNAs between severe, non-severe COVID-19 patients and healthy controls. Next, we developed a 7-lncRNA panel with a good differential ability between severe and non-severe COVID-19 patients using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression. Finally, we observed that COVID-19 is a heterogeneous disease among which severe COVID-19 patients have two subtypes with similar risk score and immune score based on lncRNA panel using iCluster algorithm. As the roles of lncRNAs in COVID-19 have not yet been fully identified and understood, our analysis should provide valuable resource and information for the future studies.

19.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 274: 114046, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33753146

RESUMO

Ethnopharmacological relevance Paeonia lactiflora is a famous Traditional Chinese medicine widely used for immunological regulation. Paeoniflorin, the main component of Paeonia lactiflora, exerts neuroprotective and antidepressant-like effects in rodents. AIM OF THE STUDY: Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) is essentially required in the central nervous system as it acts as both a neurotrophic factor and an anti-inflammatory factor participating in the regulation of proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis of neurons in the brain. However, it is unclear whether paeoniflorin could exert antidepressant effects via regulating FGF-2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, the effects of paeoniflorin were evaluated in depressive mice induced by the endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection. RESULTS: The results showed that paeoniflorin markedly increased sucrose preference and reduced immobility time in LPS mice, indicating antidepressant effects. Consistent with the results from molecular docking showing paeoniflorin antagonizes TLR4, NF-κB and NLRP3, the biochemical analysis also indicated paeoniflorin inhibited TLR4/NF-κB/NLRP3 signaling, decreased proinflammatory cytokine levels and microglial activation in the hippocampus of LPS induced mice. In addition, the levels of neuronal FGF-2 and the density of dendritic spine were improved by paeoniflorin. More importantly, the FGFR1 inhibitor SU5402 prevented the antidepressant effects of paeoniflorin and blocked the neuroinflammatory and neurogenic regulatory effects of paeoniflorin, indicating that FGF-2/FGFR1 activation was required for the effects of paeoniflorin. CONCLUSION: Taken together, the results demonstrate that paeoniflorin exhibits neuroprotective and antidepressant effects in mice, which may be mediated by activating neuronal FGF-2/FGFR1 signaling via the inhibition of microglial activation in the hippocampus.

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