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1.
Ann Palliat Med ; 9(5): 3418-3427, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effects of electromagnetic pulse (EMP) radiation on cognitive impairment have attracted much attention, but the mechanism is still unclear. Regulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene expression has been found to promote memory formation and neuronal survival. Isoflurane preconditioning (IP) was reported to have a neuroprotective effect. In this study, we verified the protective effect of IP against brain injury induced by EMP exposure and examined the relation of this effect with BDNF gene regulation. METHODS: Twenty-four hours before EMP exposure, rats were pretreated with 2% inhaled isoflurane for 30 minutes. At 24 hours after EMP injury, the Morris water maze test was carried out. Meanwhile, the other rats were executed and their brain tissues were used for Nissl staining, qRT-PCR, western blot and chromatin immunoprecipitation. RESULTS: The Morris water maze results showed that 2% IP improved the spatial learning and memory ability of the rats. The Nissl staining results showed 2% of IP alleviated neuronal damage. Also, we detected the mRNA and protein expression of BDNF, and 2% IP significantly increased the expression of BDNF. We also found the expression level of histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) was increased and that EMP exposure significantly decreased H3 acetylation, while 2% IP reversed these phenomena, individually, BDNF transcription was activated, and neurogenesis after EMP exposure was alleviated. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that 2% of IP alleviates cognitive impairment induced by EMP exposure in rats. Also, the sustained elevated level of BDNF gene transcription may be an essential mechanism for stimulating neurogenesis because of the increased level of HDAC2-dependent H3 acetylation.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 583: 652-660, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039862

RESUMO

Binary metal niobium oxides can offer a higher specific capacity compared to niobium pentoxide (Nb2O5) and thus are ideal anode candidates for lithium ion capacitors (LICs). However, their lower electronic conductivity limits their ability to achieve high energy and power densities. In this paper, one-dimensional (1D) copper niobate (CuNb2O6) nanowires are successfully prepared by electrospinning technology and then immobilized on two-dimensional (2D) reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanosheets to form a unique 1D nanowire/2D nanosheet CuNb2O6/rGO structure. The 1D/2D CuNb2O6/rGO electrode exhibits a high specific capacity of 312.2 mAh g-1 at 100 mA g-1 as the anode of LICs. The proposed Li+ storage mechanism of the CuNb2O6 anode involves CuNb2O6 decomposition into lithium niobate (Li3NbO4) and copper (Cu) during the initial lithium insertion process. The intercalation-type Li3NbO4 will further serve as the host to Li+ and the inactive Cu phase will act as a conductive network for electron transportation. Furthermore, the energy density of the assembled CuNb2O6/rGO//activated carbon (CuNb2O6/rGO//AC) device could achieve a value as high as 92.1 Wh kg-1 and could thus be considered as a possible alternative electrode material for high energy and power LICs.

3.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 182: 114211, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866456

RESUMO

Proteolysis-targeting chimeras (PROTACs), the hetero-bifunctional compounds containing a specific ligand to bind the target protein, a suitable linker, and an E3 ubiquitin ligase substrate, are being developed for therapeutic applications. PROTACs hijack the catalytic activity of ubiquitin E3 ligases to mediate proteasome dependent degradation of selected protein of interest (POI), by bringing the ligase and POI into close spatial proximity and initiating the poly-ubiquitination process. Compared to the traditional small-molecule drugs, PROTACs reduce the problems of dosage, drug resistance, side effects and undruggable targets that could not be targeted pharmacologically. In this review, all the POIs, and peptide to small-molecule based PROTACs developed during the past two decades are summarized and directions for future development are discussed.

4.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2020: 7151946, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963699

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial senescence induced by high glucose and palmitate (HG/PA) contributes to endothelial dysfunction, which leads to diabetic cardiovascular complications. Reduction of endothelial senescence may attenuate these pathogenic processes. This study is aimed at determining whether Ginseng-Sanqi-Chuanxiong (GSC) extracts, traditional Chinese medicine, can ameliorate human aortic endothelial cell (HAEC) senescence under HG/PA-stressed conditions and further explore the underlying mechanism. We found that GSC extracts significantly increased antisenescent activity by reducing the HG/PA-induced mitochondrial ROS (mtROS) levels in senescent HAECs. GSC extracts also induced cellular mitophagy formation, which mediated the effect of GSC extracts on mtROS reduction. Apart from this, the data showed that GSC extracts stimulated mitophagy via the AMPK pathway, and upon inhibition of AMPK by pharmacological and genetic inhibitors, GSC extract-mediated mitophagy was abolished which further led to reverse the antisenescence effect. Taken together, these data suggest that GSC extracts prevent HG/PA-induced endothelial senescence and mtROS production by mitophagy regulation via the AMPK pathway. Thus, the induction of mitophagy by GSC extracts may provide a novel therapeutic candidate for cardiovascular protection in metabolic syndrome.

5.
Eur J Med Chem ; 205: 112687, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771797

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus, 2019-nCoV, has quickly spread across the world and pose serious threat to public health because it can infect people very easily. The major clinical symptoms of 2019-nCoV infection include fever, dry cough, myalgia, fatigue, and diarrhea. The 2019-nCoV belongs to the betacoronavirus family, and gene sequencing results demonstrate that it is a single-stranded RNA virus, closely related to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome CoV (SARS-CoV) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome CoV (MERS-CoV). It has been observed that the virus invades human body mainly through binding to angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptors similar to SARS-CoV and the main protease (Mpro) acts as a critical protease for digesting the polyprotein into functional polypeptides during the replication and transcription process of 2019-nCoV. In this review, we summarized the real-time information of 2019-nCoV treatment methods and mainly focused on the chemical drugs including lopinavir/ritonavir, chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, arbidol, remdesivir, favipiravir and other potential innovative active molecules. Their potential targets, activity, clinical status and side effects are described. In addition, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Convalescent plasma therapy (CPT) and biological reagents available, as well as the promising vaccine candidates against 2019-nCoV are also discussed.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Humanos , Imunização Passiva , Imunoterapia/métodos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Pandemias
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 746: 141037, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745850

RESUMO

Nano-zero-valent iron has been used in combination with a variety of support carriers to remove heavy metals in solution. However, pre-treatment of the carrier can reflect a better synergistic effect and thus achieve high heavy metal removal capabilities. In this study, the hydrophilic biochar obtained by an acid ammonium persulfate oxidation has an adsorption capacity of up to 135.4 mg g-1 for Pb2+ (25 °C, pH = 6 with adsorbent amount of 10 mg and Pb2+ concentration of 50 mg L-1). Due to the strong Fe-C-O covalent bond, nZVI increases the binding force with the carbon matrix. Benefitting from the high specific surface area, porous structure and rich oxygen-containing functional groups, the resultant nZVI-HPB samples are favourable for Pb2+ diffusion and adsorption, exhibiting maximum adsorption capacity of 480.9 mg g-1 (pH = 6, 25 °C with adsorbent amount of 10 mg and Pb2+ concentration of 200 mg L-1). The multiple interaction mechanisms in the Pb2+ removal process such as the reduction reaction, complexation and co-precipitation proceed simultaneously are concluded by the analyses of Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) spectra.


Assuntos
Ferro , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Adsorção , Carvão Vegetal , Chumbo , Porosidade
7.
Curr Med Chem ; 2020 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32660393

RESUMO

Flavonoids, commonly found in various plants, are a class of poly-phenolic compounds having a basic structural unit of 2-phenylchromone. Flavonoid compounds have attracted much attention due to their wide biological applications. In order to facilitate further research on biomedical application of flavonoids, we surveyed the literature published on the use of flavonoids in medicine during the past decade, documented the commonly found structures in natural flavonoids, and summarized their pharmacological activities as well as associated mechanisms of action against variety of health disorders including chronic inflammation, cancer, cardiovascular complications and hypoglycemia. In this mini-review, we provide suggestions for further research on the biomedical applications of flavonoids.

8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(12): 2938-2946, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627470

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to observe the changes of intestinal flora in vascular aging mice, in order to explore the relationship between vascular aging and intestinal flora and the effects of extracts of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Chuanxiong Rhizoma on intestinal flora of vascular aging mice. A model of vascular aging in mice was induced through intrape-ritoneal injection with streptozotocin(STZ) combined with high-fat diet. Biochemical detection was performed on serum cholesterol(CHO), triglyceride(TG), high-density liptein cholesterol(HDL-C), low-density liptein cholesterol(LDL-C) and blood glucose(GLU). HE staining was used to detect mice thoracic aorta morphology, and the expressions of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2 A(p16) and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1 A(p21) protein in mice thoracic aorta were detected by Western blot. The 16 S rDNA gene of mice intestinal flora was detected by Illumina MiSeq high-throughput sequencing technology to explore the changes of intestinal flora in each group. The results demonstrated that the GLU level in low-dose and high-dose TCM groups decreased, but with unobvious changes in blood lipid indexes. Metformin could significantly decrease the levels of GLU(P<0.01), CHO and LDL-C in mice(P<0.05). Intravascular injury was not obvious in each drug group, and the expressions of p16 and p21 protein were significantly decreased(P<0.05). The intestinal flora of each group was mainly composed of Firmicutes(F) and Bacteroidetes(B) at the level of the phylum, but the B/F ratio was different from that of the youth group and the blank control group. The B/F ratio of the model group was significantly lower(P<0.01), and compared with the model group, the B/F ratio of the high-dose group and the metformin group was signi-ficantly higher(P<0.05). There were dominant and differential floras in the intestine of each group of mice. The results showed that extracts of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Chuanxiong Rhizoma could improve the intestinal flora structure and create a good intestinal environment by increasing the B/F ratio, which provides a new possible pathway for lowering blood glucose and blood lipids and delaying vascular aging.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Panax , Envelhecimento , Animais , Glucose , Lipídeos , Camundongos
9.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 113: 110970, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487388

RESUMO

High performance of biomaterial surfaces provides a sound basis to mediate cellular growth behavior. In this work, we attempted to incorporate both positive and negative magnetostriction particles of CoFe2O4 (CFO) and TbxDy1-xFe2 alloy (TD) into piezoelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFE)) for forming high magnetoelectric effect films, on which osteogenic differentiation could be dynamically mediated by a magnetic-field-induced surface potential (φME).The negatively poled film with TD/CFO volume ratio of 1:4 (1T4C) showed a highest magnetoelectric effect with φME of -171 mV at 2800 Oe. Compared with CFO/P(VDF-TrFE) and TD/P(VDF-TrFE) films, the φME increased about 213% and 173%, respectively. This could result from that P(VDF-TrFE) dipole domains receive a larger off-axial stress caused by the distribution characteristic of CFO and TD in P(VDF-TrFE), consequently to facilitate P(VDF-TrFE) dipole domain rearrangement. When MSCs were cultured on 1T4C film for 7 or 14 days, the magnetic actuation was setup to begin at the 4th or 8th day after the culture. The 7-day osteogenic differentiation was hardly affected for magnetic actuation at 4th day, moreover, the 14-day differentiation was significantly enhanced for magnetic actuation at 8th day. The enhancement appears just at a relatively late period of the cell growth, probably because the cells need a steady change in cell membrane potential to disassociate pairs of ß-catenin and E-cadherin and activate osteogenic-related signaling pathway. This work could provide an alternative way to promote performance for magnetoelectric materials, and get insight into understanding of interactions of surface potential with cells.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(28): 31793-31803, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32485098

RESUMO

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) photofunctionalization has been demonstrated as an effective surface modification method for the osseointegration of implants. However, the insufficient understanding of the mechanism underlying photofunctionalization limits its clinical applications. Here, we report an ultraviolet (UV) radiant energy-dependent functionalization on TiO2 nanodots (TN) surfaces. We found the cell adhesion, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation gradually increased with the accumulation of UV radiant energy (URE). The optimal functionalizing treatment energy was found to be 2000 mJ/cm2, which could regulate cell-specific behaviors on TN surfaces. The enhanced cell behaviors were regulated by the adsorption and functional site exposure of the extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, which were the result of the surface physicochemical changes induced by the URE. The correlation between the URE and the reconstruction of surface hydroxyl groups was considered as an alternative mechanism of this energy-dependent functionalization. We also demonstrated the synergistic effects of FAK-RHOA and ERK1/2 signaling pathways on mediating the URE-dependent cell behaviors. Overall, this study provides a novel insight into the mechanisms of photofunctionalization, guiding the design of implants and the clinical practice of photofunctionalization.

11.
Biomater Sci ; 8(13): 3685-3696, 2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32478763

RESUMO

Gene delivery based on bioactive coatings on collagen has great potential for applications in bone repair. Meanwhile, controlled gene delivery at specific times/regions is essential for an efficient and complete bone reconstruction process. However, spatio-temporal regulation of gene release and delivery remains a great challenge. In this paper, we used visible light illumination to effectively regulate gene release and subsequent delivery into biological cells. A visible light responsive and bioactive nanocomposite coating (based on collagen/gold nanoparticles, e.g., Col/AuNPs) was prepared through hydrothermal and sol-gel processes and was used as a loading platform for complexes of enhanced green fluorescent protein and Lipofectamine2000 (LF/GFP). The results showed that the amount of immobilized LF/GFP was increased on Col/AuNPs and the release of pre-adsorbed LF/GFP was significantly enhanced in a spatio-temporal and controlled manner under visible light illumination. Moreover, the cellular intake of the released genes was improved, thus enhancing the gene expression efficiency of the cells. The mechanism of enhanced controlled gene delivery was attributed to the changes in collagen structures and rearrangement of cytoskeletal structures induced by the photothermal effect. The developed Col/AuNP composite coating is effective for both controlled surface-mediated gene delivery and gene-mediated bone repair.

12.
Curr Opin Hematol ; 27(4): 288-293, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487806

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the current understanding of germline mutations as they contribute to leukemia development and progression. We also discuss how these new insights may help improve clinical management of germline mutations associated with leukemia. RECENT FINDINGS: Germline mutations may represent important initial mutations in the development of leukemia where interaction with somatic mutations provide further hits in leukemic progression. In addition, germline mutations may also contribute to leukemogenesis by impacting bone marrow stem-cell microenvironment and immune cell development and function. SUMMARY: Leukemia is characterized by the clonal expansion of malignant cells secondary to somatic or germline mutations in a variety of genes. Understanding somatic mutations that drive leukemogenesis has drastically improved our knowledge of leukemia biology and led to novel therapeutic strategies. Advances have also been made in identifying germline mutations that may affect leukemic development and progression. This review will discuss the biological and clinical relationship of germline mutations with clonal hematopoiesis, bone marrow microenvironment, and immunity in the progression of leukemia.

13.
Chemosphere ; 250: 126606, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234628

RESUMO

A cost-effective artificial humic substances (humic acid-modified biochar, HA-BCs) is fabricated by using conventional hydrothermal-assisted pyrolysis technique, and then is considered as a promising adsorbent material for removing mercury ions from aqueous solution. Artificial humic acid (A-HA), humic acid-modified biochar (HA-BCs) are analyzed by using SEM, EA, XRD, FTIR, XPS, and BET techniques. The removal efficiency of mercury ions was greater than 95% after reaching the adsorption equilibrium. Meanwhile, the adsorption kinetics coincided with the pseudo-second-order model and the isotherms for mercury ion sorption can be best interpreted using Freundlich isotherm model, with high regression coefficients (R2 = 0.967-0.990). Furthermore, the surface properties of HA-BCs before and after mercury adsorption are compared and evaluated, realizing that the mechanisms of removal of mercury ions on HA-BCs mainly include surface complexation with oxygen/nitrogen functional groups (-OH, -COOH and -NH2) and formation of precipitation with CO32- and OH-. Furthermore, the used HA-BCs can be regenerated via 0.05 mol/L KI solution and the adsorption capacity of mercury still reaches at 32.57 mg/g after four cyclic utilization.


Assuntos
Substâncias Húmicas/análise , Mercúrio/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Adsorção , Carvão Vegetal , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Íons , Cinética , Mercúrio/análise , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Propriedades de Superfície , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Purificação da Água/métodos
14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(15): 17290-17301, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208666

RESUMO

Surface-mediated gene delivery has attracted more and more attentions in biomedical research and applications because of its characteristics of low toxicity and localized delivery. Herein, a novel visible-light-regulated, surface-mediated gene-delivery platform is exhibited, arising from the photoinduced surface-charge accumulation on silicon. Silicon with a pn junction is used and tested subsequently for the behavior of surface-mediated gene delivery under visible-light illumination. It is found that positive-charge accumulation under light illumination changes the surface potential and then facilitates the delivery of gene-loaded carriers. As a result, the gene-expression efficiency shows a significant improvement from 6% to 28% under a 10 min visible-light illumination. Such improvement is ascribed to the increase in surface potential caused by light illumination, which promotes both the release of gene-loaded carriers and the cellular uptake. This work suggests that silicon with photovoltaic effect could offer a new strategy for surface-mediated, gene-delivery-related biomedical research and applications.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020794

RESUMO

Metal-organic framework (MOF)-derived composites of transition metal oxides and porous carbon show great potential for energy storage applications. Selenylation is an effective strategy to improve the electrochemical properties of electrode materials. A facile one-step derivation and selenylation of MOFs is proposed here to obtain CoSe2 nanoparticles embedded into an N-doped carbon skeleton material (CoSe2/NC). Moreover, the composite is directly grown on nickel foam as nanosheet arrays, rather than on other materials as powders. The CoSe2/NC electrode with special construction exhibits a high capacity of 120.2 mA h g-1 at 1 A g-1 and an excellent cyclic ability of 8% loss after 10,000 cycles. An asymmetric supercapacitor CoSe2/NC-NF//AC displays a maximum energy density of 40.9 W h kg-1 at 980 W kg-1. Moreover, the device has demonstrated that it can successfully charge a mobile phone. The outstanding performance indicates promising potential of CoSe2/NC-NF electrodes for supercapacitors.

17.
Stem Cells ; 38(3): 395-409, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721356

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which are undifferentiated stem cells with the property of stemness and the potential to differentiate into multiple lineages, including osteoblasts, have attracted a great deal of attention in bone tissue engineering. Consistent with the heterogeneity of MSCs, various surface markers have been used. However, it is still unclear which markers of MSCs are best for cell amplification in vitro and later bone regeneration in vivo. Krüppel-like Factor 2 (KLF2) is an important indicator of the stemness of human MSCs (hMSCs) and as early vascularization is also critical for bone regeneration, we used KLF2 as a novel in vitro marker for MSCs and investigated the angiogenesis and osteogenesis between KLF2+ MSCs and endothelial cells (ECs). We found a synergistic interaction between hMSCs and human umbilical vein ECs (HUVECs) in that KLF2+ stemness-maintained hMSCs initially promoted the angiogenesis of HUVECs, which in turn more efficiently stimulated the osteogenesis of hMSCs. In fact, KLF2+ hMSCs secreted angiogenic factors initially, with some of the cells then differentiating into pericytes through the PDGF-BB/PDGFR-ß signaling pathway, which improved blood vessel formation. The matured HUVECs in turn synergistically enhanced the osteogenesis of KLF2+ hMSCs through upregulated vascular endothelial growth factor. A three-dimensional coculture model using cell-laden gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) hydrogel further confirmed these results. This study provides insight into the stemness-directed synergistic interaction between hMSCs and HUVECs, and our results will have a profound impact on further strategies involving the application of KLF2+ hMSC/HUVEC-laden GelMA hydrogel in vascular network bioengineering and bone regeneration.

18.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 561: 203-210, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31816465

RESUMO

A three-dimensional free-standing hard carbon (FHC) electrode is synthesized by carbonizing the hemp haulm and employed as anode for sodium-ion batteries directly. A high current charging-discharging process is carried out to reconstruct surface structure of the FHC. Surface reconstructed FHC display a high capacity of 256 mAh/g and enhanced rate ability. With the formation of order surface structure, the plateau capacity increase and more sodium ions can insert into the FHC. This work demonstrates the importance of surface structure for sodium ion diffusion and storage and provide a new strategy to design high-performance anode materials.

19.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 563: 104-111, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31869581

RESUMO

Herein, we choose the waste walnut shell as the carbon source, and ammonium heptamolybdate as the molybdenum source to prepare the ß-Mo2C catalyst supported on carbon matrix (Mo2C@C) by the calcination method for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). The open pores in the porous Mo2C nanoparticle clusters can facilitate electrolyte permeation and hydrogen molecules release as well as the carbon matrix can enhance the conductivity. As a result, the optimal Mo2C exhibits an efficient HER performance, with an overpotential of 140 mV at 10 mA cm-2 and a Tafel slope of 63 mV dec-1 as well as excellent electrochemical stability. The strategy changing waste walnut shell into the effective catalysts sets an example for the searching and designing rational energy materials.

20.
ACS Omega ; 4(21): 19350-19357, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31763559

RESUMO

Naringin, a Chinese herbal medicine, has been demonstrated to concentration-dependently promote osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). However, it remains a challenge to load naringin on coatings for osteogenesis and further control the release kinetics. Here, we demonstrated that the release behavior of naringin on rutile nanorod films could be controlled by either mixing naringin with gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) before spinning onto the films or soaking the obtained GelMA-incorporated films with the naringin solution to achieve the distinct degradation-type release and diffusion-type release, respectively. We further revealed that the naringin-loaded coatings facilitated adhesion, proliferation and late differentiation, and mineralization of MSCs. Our findings provided a novel strategy to engineer the coatings with controlled release of naringin and emphasized the bioactivity of naringin for the osteogenic differentiation of MSCs.

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