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1.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(14)2021 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298805

RESUMO

It has been acknowledged that excess body weight increases the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC); however, there is little evidence on the impact of body mass index (BMI) on CRC patients' long-term oncologic results in Asian populations. We studied the influence of BMI on overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and CRC-specific survival rates in CRC patients from the administrative claims datasets of Taiwan using the Kaplan-Meier survival curves and the log-rank test to estimate the statistical differences among BMI groups. Underweight patients (<18.50 kg/m2) presented higher mortality (56.40%) and recurrence (5.34%) rates. Besides this, they had worse OS (aHR:1.61; 95% CI: 1.53-1.70; p-value: < 0.0001) and CRC-specific survival (aHR:1.52; 95% CI: 1.43-1.62; p-value: < 0.0001) rates compared with those of normal weight patients (18.50-24.99 kg/m2). On the contrary, CRC patients belonging to the overweight (25.00-29.99 kg/m2), class I obesity (30.00-34.99 kg/m2), and class II obesity (≥35.00 kg/m2) categories had better OS, DFS, and CRC-specific survival rates in the analysis than the patients in the normal weight category. Overweight patients consistently had the lowest mortality rate after a CRC diagnosis. The associations with being underweight may reflect a reverse causation. CRC patients should maintain a long-term healthy body weight.

2.
Crit Care ; 25(1): 45, 2021 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33531020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic acidosis is a major complication of critical illness. However, its current epidemiology and its treatment with sodium bicarbonate given to correct metabolic acidosis in the ICU are poorly understood. METHOD: This was an international retrospective observational study in 18 ICUs in Australia, Japan, and Taiwan. Adult patients were consecutively screened, and those with early metabolic acidosis (pH < 7.3 and a Base Excess < -4 mEq/L, within 24-h of ICU admission) were included. Screening continued until 10 patients who received and 10 patients who did not receive sodium bicarbonate in the first 24 h (early bicarbonate therapy) were included at each site. The primary outcome was ICU mortality, and the association between sodium bicarbonate and the clinical outcomes were assessed using regression analysis with generalized linear mixed model. RESULTS: We screened 9437 patients. Of these, 1292 had early metabolic acidosis (14.0%). Early sodium bicarbonate was given to 18.0% (233/1292) of these patients. Dosing, physiological, and clinical outcome data were assessed in 360 patients. The median dose of sodium bicarbonate in the first 24 h was 110 mmol, which was not correlated with bodyweight or the severity of metabolic acidosis. Patients who received early sodium bicarbonate had higher APACHE III scores, lower pH, lower base excess, lower PaCO2, and a higher lactate and received higher doses of vasopressors. After adjusting for confounders, the early administration of sodium bicarbonate was associated with an adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of 0.85 (95% CI, 0.44 to 1.62) for ICU mortality. In patients with vasopressor dependency, early sodium bicarbonate was associated with higher mean arterial pressure at 6 h and an aOR of 0.52 (95% CI, 0.22 to 1.19) for ICU mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Early metabolic acidosis is common in critically ill patients. Early sodium bicarbonate is administered by clinicians to more severely ill patients but without correction for weight or acidosis severity. Bicarbonate therapy in acidotic vasopressor-dependent patients may be beneficial and warrants further investigation.


Assuntos
Acidose/tratamento farmacológico , Bicarbonato de Sódio/administração & dosagem , APACHE , Acidose/epidemiologia , Idoso , Austrália/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Internacionalidade , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Bicarbonato de Sódio/farmacologia , Bicarbonato de Sódio/uso terapêutico , Taiwan/epidemiologia
3.
J Cancer ; 11(21): 6204-6212, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033503

RESUMO

Objective: The survival of prostate cancer (PC) patients after radiotherapy (RT) has improved over time, but it raises the debate of increased risk of secondary colorectal cancer (SCRC). This study aimed to assess whether RT for PC treatment increases the risk of SCRC in comparison with radical prostatectomy (RP). Methods: A population-based cohort of PC patients treated only with RT or only with RP between January 2007 and December 2015 was identified from the Taiwan Cancer Registry. The incidence rate of SCRC development was estimated using Cox regression model. Results: In this study, total 8,797 PC patients treated with either RT (n = 3,219) or RP (n =5,578). Patients subjected to RT were elder (higher percentage of 70≧years, p < 0.0001) and more advanced clinically (stage III: 22.90% vs. 11.87%; stage IV: 22.15% vs. 13.80%, p < 0.0001), compared to those subjected to RP. More patients subjected to RT had a much higher percentage of autoimmune disease (22.34% vs. 18.75%, p < 0.0001) and osteoarthritis and allied disorders (16.31% vs. 12.98%, p < 0.0001). Besides, RT patients had a higher percentage of underlying Crohn's disease (0.25% vs. 0.05%, p = 0.0230). Although almost all selected factors were not statistically significant, they presented the positive risk of SCRC for those under RP compared with those among RT. Besides, for PC patients in clinical stage I and II, patients with RP may have borderline significantly protective effects of SCRC compared with those under RT (stage I, HR: 0.14; 95% C.I.:0.01-1.39; p = 0.0929; stage II, HR: 1.92; 95% C.I.:0.93-3.95; p = 0.0775). Kaplan-Meier curves for a 3-year-period, which demonstrated no statistical difference in the risk of SCRC free between PC patients undergoing RT and RP (p = 0.9766). Conclusion: Whether or not pelvic RT for PC is associated with an increased risk for SCRC on a population-based level remains a matter of considerable debate. From a clinical perspective, these PC survivors should be counseled accordingly and received continued cancer surveillance with regular colonoscopy follow-up.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e21970, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957315

RESUMO

The main objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of extremely elderly patients receiving orotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation after planned extubation. This retrospective cohort study included extremely elderly patients (>90 years) who received mechanical ventilation and passed planned extubation. We reviewed all intensive care unit patients in a medical center between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2017. There were 19,518 patients (aged between 20 and 105 years) during the study period. After application of the exclusion criteria, there were 213 patients who underwent planned extubation: 166 patients survived, and 47 patients died. Compared with the mortality group, the survival group had lower Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II scores and higher Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores, with scores of 19.7 ±â€Š6.5 (mean ±â€Šstandard deviation) vs 22.2 ±â€Š6.0 (P = .015) and 9.5 ±â€Š3.5 vs 8.0 ±â€Š3.0 (P = .007), respectively. The laboratory data revealed no significant difference between the survival and mortality groups except for blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and hemoglobin. After multivariate logistic regression analysis, a lower GCS, a higher BUN level, weaning beginning 3 days after intubation and reintubation during hospitalization were associated with poor prognosis. In this cohort of extremely elderly patients undergoing planned extubation, a lower GCS, a higher BUN level, weaning beginning 3 days after intubation and reintubation during hospitalization were associated with mortality.


Assuntos
Extubação/mortalidade , Intubação Intratraqueal/estatística & dados numéricos , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Desmame do Respirador/estatística & dados numéricos , APACHE , Fatores Etários , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Comorbidade , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664347

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic disease that burdens patients worldwide. This study aims to discover the burdens of health services among COPD patients who received palliative care (PC). Study subjects were identified as COPD patients with ICU and PC records between 2009 and 2013 in Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. The burdens of healthcare utilization were analyzed using logistic regression to estimate the difference between those with and without cancer. Of all 1215 COPD patients receiving PC, patients without cancer were older and had more comorbidities, higher rates of ICU admissions, and longer ICU stays than those with cancer. COPD patients with cancer received significantly more blood transfusions (Odds Ratio, OR: 1.66; 95% C.I.: 1.11-2.49) and computed tomography scans (OR: 1.88; 95% C.I.: 1.10-3.22) compared with those without cancer. Bronchoscopic interventions (OR: 0.26; 95% C.I.: 0.07-0.97) and inpatient physical restraints (OR: 0.24; 95% C.I.: 0.08-0.72) were significantly more utilized in patients without cancer. COPD patients without cancer appeared to receive more invasive healthcare interventions than those without cancer. The unmet needs and preferences of patients in the life-limiting stage should be taken into consideration for the quality of care in the ICU environment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Cuidados Paliativos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan/epidemiologia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(23): e20514, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501999

RESUMO

Depression is common after patients are discharged from the intensive care unit (ICU) and has a negative impact on quality of life and mortality. There is inconsistent information about ICU admission and the risk of depression. The aim of our study was to investigate the association between the risk of depression and length of ICU stay.ICU survivors between 20 and 65 years old were enrolled in this study using data from Taiwan's nationwide population database. All study subjects were followed for a maximum of 1 year or until they were diagnosed with new-onset depression. The association between the length of ICU stay and the depression risk among ICU survivors was estimated using a Cox regression model. The screened diagnostic records of ICU survivors with depression were also investigated to find the potential disease effect of depression.Compared to patients with ICU stays between 8 and 14 days, the adjusted HR (95% confidence interval) for depression in patients with ICU stays between 1 to 3 days, 4 to 7 days, 15 to 21 days, and ≥22 days were 1.08 (1.03-1.13), 1.01 (0.96-1.05), 1.08 (1.01-1.14), and 1.12 (1.06-1.19), respectively. For patients with depression after discharge from the ICU, the most common primary diagnosis was intracerebral hemorrhage.There is a risk of depression after ICU discharge, and the incidence of depression may be higher among patients between 20 and 49 years old. The risk of depression was U-shaped, with higher risks associated with ICU stays of 1 to 3 days and more than 15 days.


Assuntos
Depressão/complicações , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos , Taiwan
7.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 9(3)2020 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32121385

RESUMO

AIMS: Currently, we face the serious problem of multiple drug-resistant pathogens. The development of new antimicrobial agents is very costly and time-consuming. Therefore, the use of medicinal plants as a source of alternative antibiotics or for enhancing antibiotic effectiveness is important. METHODS: The antibacterial effects of aqueous extracts of the seed coat of Pongamia pinnata (Linn.) Pierre in combination with several antibiotics against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) were tested by broth dilution, checkerboard, and time-kill methods. RESULTS: For the combinations of P. pinnata with ampicillin, meropenem, cefazolin, cefotaxime, cefpirome, and cefuroxime, 70% to 100% were synergistic, with a fractional inhibitory concentration (FIC) index of < 0.5. For the time-kill method with 0.5× minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of P. pinnata in combination with 8, 4, 2, and 1 µg mL-1 of the various antibiotics, almost all of the combinations showed synergistic effects, even with the lowest concentrations of P. pinnata, except for aztreonam. No antagonistic effect was observed for these combinations. CONCLUSIONS: Based on these findings, aqueous seed coat extracts of P. pinnata have good potential for the design of new antimicrobial agents.

8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 4980, 2020 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188892

RESUMO

Acute respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation is a major indicator of intensive care unit (ICU) admissions in cirrhotic patients and is an independent risk factor for ICU mortality. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the outcome and mortality risk factors in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) who required prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) between 2006 and 2013 from two databases: Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) and a hospital database. The hospital database yielded 58 LC patients (mean age: 65.3 years; men: 65.5%). The in-hospital mortality was significantly higher than in patients without LC. Based on the NHIRD database of PMV cases, patients were age-gender matched in a ratio of 1:2 for patients with and without LC. Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score was calculated. The mortality was higher in patients with LC (19.5%) than those without LC (18.12%), though not statistically significant (p = 0.0622). Based on the hospital database, risk factor analysis revealed that patients who died had significant higher MELD score than the survivors (18.9 vs 13.7, p = 0.036) and patients with MELD score of >23 had higher risk of mortality than patients with MELD score of ≤23 (adjusted OR:9.26, 95% CI: 1.96-43.8). In conclusion, the in-hospital mortality of patients with high MELD scores who required PMV was high. MELD scores may be useful predictors of mortality in these patients.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirrose Hepática/mortalidade , Respiração Artificial/mortalidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Taiwan/epidemiologia
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17392, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577746

RESUMO

This study aims to construct a neural network to predict weaning difficulty among planned extubation patients in intensive care units.This observational cohort study was conducted in eight adult ICUs in a medical center about adult patients experiencing planned extubation.The data of 3602 patients with planned extubation in ICUs of Chi-Mei Medical Center (from Dec. 2009 through Dec. 2011) was used to train and test an artificial neural network (ANN) model. The input features contain 47 clinical risk factors and the outputs are classified into three categories: simple, difficult, and prolonged weaning. A deep ANN model with four hidden layers of 30 neurons each was developed. The accuracy is 0.769 and the area under receiver operating characteristic curve for simple weaning, prolonged weaning, and difficult weaning are 0.910, 0.849, and 0.942 respectively.The results revealed that the ANN model achieved a good performance in prediction the weaning difficulty in planned extubation patients. Such a model will be helpful for predicting ICU patients' successful planned extubation.


Assuntos
Extubação/métodos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Desmame do Respirador/métodos , APACHE , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Algoritmos , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
J Thorac Dis ; 11(5): 2051-2057, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285898

RESUMO

Background: Reasons for the prolonged critical care support include uncertainty of outcome, the complex dynamic created between physicians with care team members and the patient's family over a general unwillingness to surrender to unfavorable outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate outcomes and identify risk factors of patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) who required a prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay (≥21 days). It may provide reference to screen patients who are suitable for hospice care. Methods: The medical records of all ARF patients with a prolonged ICU stay were retrospectively reviewed. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Results: We identified 1,189 patients. Sepsis (n=896, 75.4%) was the most common cause of prolonged ICU stays, following by renal failure (n=232, 19.5%), and unstable hemodynamic status vasopressors or arrhythmia (n=208, 17.5%). Using multivariable logistic regression, we identified eight risk factors of death: age >75 years, ICU stay for more than 28 days, APACHE II score ≥25, unstable hemodynamic status, renal failure, hepatic failure, massive gastrointestinal tract bleeding, and using a fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) ≥40%. The overall in-hospital mortality rate was 53.6% (n=637), and it up to 75.3% (216/287) for patients with at least three risk factors. Conclusions: The outcome of patients with ARF who required prolonged ICU stay was poor. They had a high risk of in-hospital mortality. Palliative care should be considered as a reasonable option for the patients at high risk of death.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(11): e14877, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30882694

RESUMO

This study aims to compare the impact of early and late post-discharge cardiopulmonary rehabilitation on the outcomes of intensive care unit (ICU) survivors.The retrospective, cohort study used a sub-database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) that contained information of all patients had ICU admission between 2000 and 2012. Early group was defined if patients had received cardiopulmonary rehabilitation within 30 days after ICU discharge, and late group was define as if patients had received cardiopulmonary rehabilitation between 30 days and 1 year after ICU discharge. The end points were mortality and re-admission during the 3-year follow-up.Among 2136 patients received cardiopulmonary rehabilitation after ICU discharge, 994 was classified early group and other 1142 patients were classified as late group. Overall, early group had a lower mortality rate (6.64% vs. 10.86%, P = .0006), and a lower ICU readmission rate (47.8% vs. 57.97%, P < 0.0001) than late group after 3-year follow-up. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that early group had significantly lower mortality (P = .0009) and readmission rate (P < .0001) than late group. In multivariate analysis, the risk of ICU readmission was found to be independently associated with late group (hazard ratio, [HR], 1.28; 95% confidence intervals, [CI], 1.13-1.47).Early post-discharge cardiopulmonary rehabilitation among ICU survivors has the long-term survival benefit and significantly decreases the readmission rate.


Assuntos
Reabilitação/normas , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reabilitação/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan
12.
Chron Respir Dis ; 16: 1479973118820310, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30789023

RESUMO

The effect of early rehabilitation on the outcome of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and acute respiratory failure (ARF) in intensive care units (ICUs) remains unclear. We examined the effect of early rehabilitation on the outcomes of COPD patients requiring mechanical ventilation (MV) in the ICU. This retrospective, observational, case-control study was conducted in a medical center with a 19-bed ICU. The records of all 105 ICU patients with COPD and ARF who required MV from January to December 2011 were examined. The outcomes (MV duration, rates of successful weaning and survival, lengths of ICU and hospital stays, and medical costs) were recorded and analyzed. During the study period, 35 patients with COPD underwent early rehabilitation in the ICU and 70 demographically and clinically matched patients with similar COPD stage, cause of intubation, type of respiratory failure, and levels of disease severity who had not undergone early rehabilitation in the ICU were selected as comparative controls. Multiple regression analysis showed that early rehabilitation was significantly negatively associated with MV duration. Early rehabilitation for COPD patients in the ICU with ARF shortened the duration of their MV.


Assuntos
Intervenção Médica Precoce , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/reabilitação , Reabilitação , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Insuficiência Respiratória , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comorbidade , Duração da Terapia , Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos , Intervenção Médica Precoce/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Reabilitação/métodos , Reabilitação/estatística & dados numéricos , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/reabilitação , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Thorac Dis ; 10(8): 4957-4965, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30233870

RESUMO

Background: Monitoring of trends in the use of the intensive care unit (ICU) and the outcomes of ICU patients is essential for the assessment of the effective use of ICU. This study aims to investigate the incidence and outcome of critical care admissions in Taiwan from 1997 to 2013. Methods: Patients >18 years who had ICU admission between January 1997 and December 2013 were identified from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. The main outcomes including ICU mortality and ICU length of stay (LOS) were measured. Results: A total of 3,451,157 patients with ICU admission were identified during the study period. The mean ICU LOS was 5.9±9.0 days and the overall ICU-mortality rate was 19.8%. The mean age of the patients was 65.4 years old, 58.0% were elderly (≥65 years old), 61.1% were male. Annual incidence of ICU admissions increased from 115,754 in 1997 (age-adjusted incidence: 1,130/100,000 population) to 244,820 in 2013 (incidence: 1,483/100,000 population) (P<0.0001). The admission rate was highest for patients 75-104 years old (8,074 per 100,000 population), and lowest for those 18-44 years old (298 per 100,000 population). Among ICU admission patients, the percentage of patients ≥75 years old significantly increased from 25.2% in 1997 to 38.3% in 2013 (P<0.0001). ICU LOS remained stable during the study period, but the annual mortality rate significantly decreased from 23.0% in 1997 to 16.3% in 2013. Conclusions: ICU admissions significantly increased from 1997 to 2013, especially for elderly patients, in contrast, the mortality rate of ICU patients significantly declined with time. In addition, the ICU LOS did not change during the study period.

14.
J Thorac Dis ; 10(7): 4118-4126, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30174856

RESUMO

Background: This study aims to investigate lung cancer patients' risk factors for: intensive care unit (ICU) admission, infectious complications and organ dysfunction in the ICU, and prognosis after ICU admission. Methods: The records of all patients with lung-cancer catastrophic-illness cards admitted to the ICU between 2003 and 2012 were reviewed. The primary endpoint was 1-year mortality. Results: We finally analyzed the records of index-date-, age-, and sex-matched ICU-admitted (ICU+) lung cancer patients (n=17,687) and ICU-non-admitted (ICU-) lung cancer patients (n=35,374). The overall 1-year mortality rate was significantly (P<0.0001) higher for ICU+ patients (49.91%) than for ICU- patients (44.86%). Most ICU+ patients (56.16%) had infectious complications and organ dysfunction (52.33%), and overall, 6,893 (38.97%) had sepsis. Independent mortality risk factors were age (≥75 years) [adjusted hazard ratio (AHR), 1.22; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.16-1.29], male sex: (AHR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.13-1.23), recent radiotherapy (AHR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.04-1.15), infectious complications (AHR: 1.23; 95% CI: 1.17-1.29), organ dysfunction (AHR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.50-1.65), and hospital level (regional hospital: AHR, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.06-1.16; local hospital: AHR, 1.28; 95% CI, 1.18-1.37). Conclusions: ICU admission for lung cancer patients is associated with higher mortality. Several risk factors of mortality for ICU+ patients should help physicians provide patients personalized and better-informed lung cancer therapy decisions.

15.
J Clin Med ; 7(8)2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30127264

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Interactions between mechanical ventilation (MV) and carbapenem interventions were investigated for the risk of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in critically ill patients undergoing concurrent carbapenem therapy. METHODS: Taiwan's National Intensive Care Unit Database (NICUD) was used in this analytical, observational, and retrospective study. We analyzed 267,871 intubated patients in subgroups based on the duration of MV support: 7⁻14 days (n = 97,525), 15⁻21 days (n = 52,068), 22⁻28 days (n = 35,264), and 29⁻60 days (n = 70,021). The primary outcome was CDI. RESULTS: Age (>75 years old), prolonged MV assistance (>21 days), carbapenem therapy (>15 days), and high comorbidity scores were identified as independent risk factors for developing CDI. CDI risk increased with longer MV support. The highest rate of CDI was in the MV 29⁻60 days subgroup (adjusted hazard ratio (AHR) = 2.85; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.46⁻5.58; p < 0.02). Moreover, higher CDI rates correlated with the interaction between MV and carbapenem interventions; these CDI risks were increased in the MV 15⁻21 days (AHR = 2.58; 95% CI = 1.12⁻5.91) and MV 29⁻60 days (AHR = 4.63; 95% CI = 1.14⁻10.03) subgroups than in the non-MV and non-carbapenem subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: Both MV support and carbapenem interventions significantly increase the risk that critically ill patients will develop CDI. Moreover, prolonged MV support and carbapenem therapy synergistically induce CDI. These findings provide new insights into the role of MV support in the development of CDI.

16.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 13: 2007-2012, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29983555

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the trends in COPD patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) in Taiwan from 2003 to 2013. Patients and methods: A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the available data in the National Health Insurance Research Database compiled by the Taiwan Department of Health. We selected patients admitted to the ICU nationwide from 2003 to 2013. Patients older than 40 years with a diagnosis of COPD were enrolled. The ICU admission date was used as the index date. Baseline comorbidities existing before the index date were identified. The comorbidities of interest included diabetes, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, stroke, dyslipidemia, cancer, and end-stage renal disease. Results: The number of COPD patients in the ICU increased from 12,384 in 2003 to 13,308 in 2013 (P<0.0001). The mean age of patients and SD was 76.66±9.48 and 78.32±10.59 in 2003 and 2013, respectively. The percentage of COPD patients aged $70 years in the ICU decreased markedly. COPD patients per 10,000 ICU patients decreased for both males and females. The length of ICU stays, and in-hospital mortality increased from 21.58 to 23.14 days and 14.97% to 30.98% from 2003 to 2013, respectively. Conclusion: The number of COPD patients admitted to the ICU in Taiwan increased over the 11-year study period. Increased mean patient age, length of ICU stays, hospital mortality, and comorbidities were observed. The use of a nationwide population-based database allowed for a sufficient sample size, generalizability, and statistical power to analyze COPD patients admitted to the ICU in Taiwan.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/tendências , Admissão do Paciente/tendências , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Taiwan/epidemiologia
17.
BMJ Open ; 7(11): e018714, 2017 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29187415

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether insomnia at baseline is a risk factor for new-onset asthma. METHODS: We recruited 48 871 patients with insomnia (insomnia group) newly diagnosed between 2002 and 2007, and 97 742 matched controls without insomnia (control group) from Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000. All of the patients were followed up for 4 years to see whether new-onset asthma developed. Patients with previous asthma or insomnia were excluded. The Poisson regression was used to estimate the incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and 95% CIs of asthma. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to calculate the risk of asthma between the two groups. RESULTS: After a 4-year follow-up, 424 patients in the insomnia group and 409 in the control group developed asthma. The incidence rate of asthma was significantly higher in the insomnia group (22.01vs10.57 per 10 000 person-years). Patients with insomnia have a higher risk of developing new-onset asthma during the 4-year follow-up (HR: 2.08, 95% CI 1.82 to 2.39). The difference remained significant after adjustment (adjusted HR: 1.89, 95% CI 1.64 to 2.17). CONCLUSIONS: This large population-based study suggests that insomnia at baseline is a risk factor for developing asthma.


Assuntos
Asma/epidemiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/complicações , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição de Poisson , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Taiwan/epidemiologia
19.
J Med Microbiol ; 66(10): 1421-1428, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28905701

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study assessed clinical manifestations and prognostic factors of critically ill patients with severe influenza admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) in Taiwan's recent outbreak. METHODOLOGY: Patients admitted to ICU for severe influenza between January 1, 2015, and March 31, 2016, were identified and their medical records were retrospectively reviewed. The primary endpoints were outcomes and predictors of in-hospital mortality. RESULTS: There were 125 patients with an average Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score of 20.8. Hypertension (62.4 %) and diabetes mellitus (40.8 %) were the two most common underlying diseases. Ninety-eight (78.4 %) patients had at least one organ failure: the lungs were the most common (71.2 %), followed by the heart (53.6 %). Two of the most common symptoms of patients at ICU admission were fever (68.0 %) and cough (78.4 %). Thirty-three patients (26.4 %) died; most (40.9 %) were middle-aged (50-65 years old). A Cox regression analysis showed that multiple organ failure (MOF) [hazard ratio (HR)=3.618; 95 % CI=1.058-13.662] was significantly associated with higher risk of death. In contrast, a fluid-negative balance within 7 days of admission (HR=0.362; 95 % CI=0.140-0.934) was significantly associated with a lower risk of death. CONCLUSION: The mortality rate of severe influenza patients admitted to the ICU was high, especially in middle-aged adults. The risk of mortality was associated with ≥2 organ failures. A negative fluid balance predicts survival.


Assuntos
Influenza Humana/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
PLoS One ; 12(8): e0183360, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28813495

RESUMO

We investigated failure predictors for the planned extubation of overweight (body mass index [BMI] = 25.0-29.9) and obese (BMI ≥ 30) patients. All patients admitted to the adult intensive care unit (ICU) of a tertiary hospital in Taiwan were identified. They had all undergone endotracheal intubation for > 48 h and were candidates for extubation. During the study, 595 patients (overweight = 458 [77%]); obese = 137 [23%]) with planned extubation after weaning were included in the analysis; extubation failed in 34 patients (5.7%). Their mean BMI was 28.5 ± 3.8. Only BMI and age were significantly different between overweight and obese patients. The mortality rate for ICU patients was 0.8%, and 2.9% for inpatients during days 1-28; the overall in-hospital mortality rate was 8.4%. Failed Extubation group patients were significantly older, had more end-stage renal disease (ESRD), more cardiovascular system-related respiratory failure, higher maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), lower maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), higher blood urea nitrogen, and higher ICU- and 28-day mortality rates than did the Successful Extubation group. Multivariate logistic regression showed that cardiovascular-related respiratory failure (odds ratio [OR]: 2.60; 95% [confidence interval] CI: 1.16-5.80), ESRD (OR: 14.00; 95% CI: 6.25-31.35), and MIP levels (OR: 0.94; 95% CI: 0.90-0.97) were associated with extubation failure. We conclude that the extubation failure risk in overweight and obese patients was associated with cardiovascular system-related respiratory failure, ESRD, and low MIP levels.


Assuntos
Extubação/efeitos adversos , Obesidade/complicações , Sobrepeso/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Falha de Tratamento , Desmame do Respirador/efeitos adversos
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