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1.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 762555, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35309983

RESUMO

Knowledge of the dynamic behavior of the spinal cord under different testing conditions is critical for our understanding of biomechanical mechanisms of spinal cord injury. Although velocity and contact stress area are known to affect external mechanical stress or energy upon sudden traumatic injury, quantitative investigation of the two clinically relevant biomechanical variables is limited. Here, freshly excised rat spinal-cord-pia-arachnoid constructs were tested through indentation using indenters of different sizes (radii: 0.25, 0.50, and 1.00 mm) at various loading rates ranging from 0.04 to 0.20 mm/s. This analysis found that the ex vivo specimen displayed significant nonlinear viscoelasticity at <10% of specimen thickness depth magnitudes. At higher velocity and larger contact stress area, the cord withstood a higher peak load and exhibited more sensitive mechanical relaxation responses (i.e., increasing amplitude and speed of the drop in peak load). Additionally, the cord became stiffer (i.e., increasing elastic modulus) and softer (i.e., decreasing elastic modulus) at a higher velocity and larger contact stress area, respectively. These findings will improve our understanding of the real-time complex biomechanics involved in traumatic spinal cord injury.

3.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(8): 1821-1826, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017444

RESUMO

Activation and reconstruction of the spinal cord circuitry is important for improving motor function following spinal cord injury. We conducted a case series study to investigate motor function improvement in 14 patients with chronic spinal cord injury treated with 4 weeks of unilateral (right only) cortical intermittent theta burst stimulation combined with bilateral magnetic stimulation of L3-L4 nerve roots, five times a week. Bilateral resting motor evoked potential amplitude was increased, central motor conduction time on the side receiving cortical stimulation was significantly decreased, and lower extremity motor score, Berg balance score, spinal cord independence measure-III score, and 10 m-walking speed were all increased after treatment. Right resting motor evoked potential amplitude was positively correlated with lower extremity motor score after 4 weeks of treatment. These findings suggest that cortical intermittent theta burst stimulation combined with precise root stimulation can improve nerve conduction of the corticospinal tract and lower limb motor function recovery in patients with chronic spinal cord injury.

4.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 15: 764141, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34899191

RESUMO

Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a severe chronic neuropathic pain. Despite numerous available medical interventions, the therapeutic effects are not ideal. To control the pain attacks, the need for more contemporary drugs continues to be a real challenge. Our previous study reported that Ca2+-activated K+ channels (BK Ca ) channels modulated by mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in the trigeminal ganglia (TG) neurons play crucial roles in regulating TN, and some research studies demonstrated that inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) could promote neuropathic pain. Meanwhile, the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC), the first central site of the trigeminal nociceptive pathway, is responsible for processing sensory and pain signals from the peripheral orofacial area. Thus, this study is aimed to further investigate whether TNF-α and MAPKs phosphorylation in the TNC could mediate the pathogenesis of TN by modulating BK Ca channels. The results showed that TNF-α of the TNC region is upregulated significantly in the chronic constriction injury of infraorbital nerve (ION-CCI) rats model, which displayed persistent facial mechanical allodynia. The normal rats with target injection of exogenous TNF-α to the fourth brain ventricle behaved just like the ION-CCI model rats, the orofacial mechanical pain threshold decreased clearly. Meanwhile, the exogenous TNF-α increased the action potential frequency and reduced the BK Ca currents of TNC neurons significantly, which could be reversed by U0126 and SB203580, the inhibitors of MAPK. In addition, U0126, SB203580, and another MAPK inhibitor SP600125 could relieve the facial mechanical allodynia by being injected into the fourth brain ventricle of ION-CCI model rats, respectively. Taken together, our work suggests that the upregulation of TNF-α in the TNC region would cause the increase of MAPKs phosphorylation and then the negative regulation of BK Ca channels, resulting in the TN.

5.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 527, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429142

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Preexisting severe cervical spinal cord compression is a significant risk factor in cervical hyperextension injury, and the neurological function may deteriorate after a slight force to the forehead. There are few biomechanical studies regarding the influence of pathological factors in hyperextension loading condition. The aim of this study is to analyze the effects of preexisting different types of cervical disc herniation and different degrees of compression on the spinal cord in cervical hyperextension. METHOD: A 3D finite element (FE) model of cervical spinal cord was modeled. Local type with median herniation, local type with lateral herniation, diffuse type with median herniation, and diffuse type with lateral herniation were simulated in neutral and extention positions. The compressions which were equivalent to 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40% of the sagittal diameter of the spinal cord were modeled. RESULTS: The results of normal FE model were consistent with those of previous studies. The maximum von Mises stresses appeared in the pia mater for all 32 loading conditions. The maximum von Mises stresses in extension position were much higher than in neutral position. In most cases, the maximum von Mises stresses in diffuse type were higher than in local type. CONCLUSION: Cervical spinal cord with preexisting disc herniation is more likely to be compressed in hyperextension situation than in neutral position. Diffuse type with median herniation may cause more severe compression with higher von Mises stresses concentrated at the anterior horn and the peripheral white matter, resulting in acute central cord syndrome from biomechanical point of view.


Assuntos
Medula Cervical , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Artropatias , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Medula Espinal
6.
Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin ; 24(12): 1302-1309, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586540

RESUMO

The cervical spine injury is a complicated procedure in the combination of different injury loads and postures. The aim of this study is to investigate the injury mechanism considering different types of cervical curvatures subjected to contusion loads. A finite element model of a cervical spinal cord was constructed. Gray matter, white matter and pia matter were modeled and hyperelastic material properties were assigned. Convergence analysis and validation analysis were carried out. The model was simulated in 3 different spinal curvatures and loaded by 2 directions with 4 compression degrees. The maximum von Mises stress in the whole model was concentrated in the pia matter in all loading cases. When investigating spinal cord injury, the pia matter must be considered. For all three curvatures, the stress in the gray matter and white matter was higher in front-to-back loading condition than that in back-to-front loading condition. The front-to-back impact may cause a larger damage. A back-to-front load damaged the structure around the central canal and a front-to-back contusion load damaged the anterior horn of the spinal cord at most time. From the view of the maximum stress, the lordotic curvature did not show significant buffering effect. However, the pathological curvature had large areas affected and the lordotic curvature showed some benefits to some degree from the view of stress distribution.


Assuntos
Medula Cervical , Contusões , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Vértebras Cervicais , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Medula Espinal
7.
Environ Int ; 146: 106305, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bisphenol A (BPA) can cause detrimental effects on fetal growth. However, the effects of BPA alternatives, such as bisphenol F (BPF) and bisphenol S (BPS), on fetal growth are less known. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships of prenatal BPA, BPF, and BPS exposures with fetal growth parameters and gestational age. METHODS: Urinary BPA, BPF, and BPS were measured in 1,197 pregnant women before delivery in a Chinese cohort. The associations of prenatal exposure to BPA, BPF, and BPS with fetal growth parameters and gestational age were examined, and associations stratified by fetal sex were also conducted. We used a restricted cubic splines (RCS) model to examine the dose-response associations between exposures and outcomes. RESULTS: Maternal urinary BPA and BPF were negatively related to birth length (-0.30 cm, 95% CI: -0.44, -0.15 and -0.21 cm, 95% CI: -0.36, -0.07 comparing the extreme exposure groups, respectively, both p for trends < 0.01). These associations were more pronounced in girls with inverted U-shaped dose-response relationships. Maternal urinary BPA and BPF were positively related to ponderal index (0.05 g/cm3 × 100, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.09 and 0.04 g/cm3 × 100, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.08 comparing the extreme exposure groups, respectively, both p for trends = 0.02), and maternal urinary BPS was associated with shorter gestational age (-0.20 weeks, 95% CI: -0.37, -0.03 comparing the extreme exposure groups, p for trend = 0.02). These associations were only observed in girls and exhibited a linear dose-response relationship. CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal BPA, BPF, and BPS exposures were associated with detrimental effects on fetal growth parameters, and stronger effects were noted in female infants.


Assuntos
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Desenvolvimento Fetal , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Fenóis , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente
8.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(3): 537-542, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985484

RESUMO

Dexanabinol (HU-211) is an artificially synthesized cannabinoid derivative that exerts neuroprotective effects through anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Curcumin exhibits antidepressant effects in the treatment of major depressive disorder. To investigate the antidepressant effects of solid lipid nanoparticles loaded with both curcumin and dexanabinol, and the underlying mechanisms associated with this combination, we established wild-type (CBR1+/+) and cannabinoid receptor 1 (CBR1) knockout (CBR1-/-) mouse models of major depressive disorder, through the intraperitoneal injection of corticosterone, for 3 successive days, followed by treatment with intraperitoneal injections of solid lipid nanoparticles loading with curcumin (20 mg/kg) and dexanabinol (0.85 mg/kg), for 2 successive days. Our results revealed that solid lipid nanoparticle loading with curcumin and dexanabinol increased the mRNA and protein expression levels of the mature neuronal markers neuronal nuclei, mitogen-activated protein 2, and neuron-specific beta-tubulin III, promoted the release of dopamine and norepinephrine, and increased the mRNA expression of CBR1 and the downstream genes Rasgef1c and Egr1, and simultaneously improved rat locomotor function. However, solid lipid nanoparticles loaded with curcumin and dexanabinol had no antidepressant effects on the CBR1-/- mouse models of major depressive disorder. This study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of Tongji Hospital of Tongji University, China (approval No. 2017-DW-020) on May 24, 2017.

9.
Technol Health Care ; 29(1): 167-174, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32538887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The volar locking plate technique with an L-shaped incision of the PQ muscle through the classic volar Henry approach is a popular method for treating distal radius fractures. Recently we revised and improved this traditional technique by performing mini-invasive surgery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects after fixation of distal radius fracture with volar locking palmar plates while preserving the pronator quadratus through minimally invasive approach. METHODS: From May 2014 to March 2017, 58 patients (38 males and 21 females) with an age range of 22-72 years (mean age 44.6 years) and with distal radius fractures underwent open reduction and internal fixation with volar locking palmar plates. The patients were classified as 23A-2 through 23C-2 according to the Orthopedic Trauma Association fracture classification system. All surgeries were completed by one trained team. The group that received volar locking palmar plates of distal radius performed with the traditional method through Henry approach involved 33 patients (21 males and 12 females) and the group that received PQ through minimally invasive approach group involved 25 patients (16 males and 9 females). We compared the two groups for wrist pain, forearm range of motion, grip strength, preoperative complications and wrist functional recovery score. RESULTS: The minimum follow-up for the whole cohort was one year. The differences between the two groups were significant in terms of wrist pain, forearm range of motion, grip strength and wrist function at 1, 2, 6 weeks postoperatively, but insignificant at 3 and 12 months postoperatively. In the minimally invasive group a case of limited extension of the forefinger 3 months postoperatively was found. No significant differences were found for preoperative complications and radiographs postoperatively. CONCLUSION: Fixation with volar locking palmar plates through minimally invasive approach is a satisfactory and optional method in the treatment of distal radius fractures. This technique yields better early wrist function, shortens rehabilitation time and gets high psychological satisfaction.


Assuntos
Placa Palmar , Fraturas do Rádio , Adulto , Idoso , Placas Ósseas , Feminino , Antebraço , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placa Palmar/cirurgia , Fraturas do Rádio/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 781267, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35071229

RESUMO

Background: The symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) range from moderate to critical conditions, leading to death in some patients, and the early warning indicators of the COVID-19 progression and the occurrence of its serious complications such as myocardial injury are limited. Methods: We carried out a multi-center, prospective cohort study in three hospitals in Wuhan. Genome-wide 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) profiles in plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) was used to identify risk factors for COVID-19 pneumonia and develop a machine learning model using samples from 53 healthy volunteers, 66 patients with moderate COVID-19, 99 patients with severe COVID-19, and 38 patients with critical COVID-19. Results: Our warning model demonstrated that an area under the curve (AUC) for 5hmC warning moderate patients developed into severe status was 0.81 (95% CI 0.77-0.85) and for severe patients developed into critical status was 0.92 (95% CI 0.89-0.96). We further built a warning model on patients with and without myocardial injury with the AUC of 0.89 (95% CI 0.84-0.95). Conclusion: This is the first study showing the utility of 5hmC as an accurate early warning marker for disease progression and myocardial injury in patients with COVID-19. Our results show that phosphodiesterase 4D and ten-eleven translocation 2 may be important markers in the progression of COVID-19 disease.

11.
Curr Med Sci ; 40(5): 817-821, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33123896

RESUMO

In the period of regular epidemic prevention and control of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in our country, work resumption has been fully advanced. But there are still new sporadic local cases and imported cases across the country. In this situation, whether kindergartens reopening will increase the risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spread still remains uncertain. We reviewed two pediatric patients with moderate COVID-19, collected the epidemiologic information and monitored the cycle threshold value of rectal specimen and the viral loads, and discussed the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in pediatric patients and the virulence of feces in children with moderate COVID-19, in order to analyze the risk of kindergartens reopening.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Fezes/virologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , COVID-19 , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Feminino , Humanos , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pais , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , SARS-CoV-2 , Instituições Acadêmicas , Carga Viral , Eliminação de Partículas Virais
12.
Math Biosci Eng ; 17(3): 2272-2283, 2020 01 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233534

RESUMO

Injury of cervical spine is a common injury of locomotor system usually accompanied by spinal cord injury, however the injury mechanism of contusion load to the spinal cord is not clear. This study aims to investigate its injury mechanism associated with the contusion load, with different extents of spinal cord compression. A finite element model of cervical spinal cord was established and two scenarios of contusion injury loading conditions, i.e. back-to-front and front-to-back loads, were adopted. Four different compression displacements were applied to the middle section of the cervical spinal cord. The distributions of von Mises stress in middle transverse cross section were obtained from the finite element analysis. For the back-to-front loading scenario, the stress concentration was found in the area at and near the central canal and the damage may lead to the central canal syndrome from biomechanical point of view. With the front-to-back load, the maximum von Mises stress located in central canal area of gray matter when subject to 10% compression, whilst it appeared at the anterior horn when the compression increased. For the white matter, the maximum von Mises stress appeared in the area of the anterior funiculus. This leads to complicated symptoms given rise by damage to multiple locations in the cervical spinal cord. The illustrative results demonstrated the need of considering different loading scenarios in understanding the damage mechanisms of the cervical spinal cord, particularly when the loading conditions were given rise by different pathophysiological causes.


Assuntos
Medula Cervical , Contusões , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos
13.
Neural Regen Res ; 15(8): 1437-1450, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31997803

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury is linked to the interruption of neural pathways, which results in irreversible neural dysfunction. Neural repair and neuroregeneration are critical goals and issues for rehabilitation in spinal cord injury, which require neural stem cell repair and multimodal neuromodulation techniques involving personalized rehabilitation strategies. Besides the involvement of endogenous stem cells in neurogenesis and neural repair, exogenous neural stem cell transplantation is an emerging effective method for repairing and replacing damaged tissues in central nervous system diseases. However, to ensure that endogenous or exogenous neural stem cells truly participate in neural repair following spinal cord injury, appropriate interventional measures (e.g., neuromodulation) should be adopted. Neuromodulation techniques, such as noninvasive magnetic stimulation and electrical stimulation, have been safely applied in many neuropsychiatric diseases. There is increasing evidence to suggest that neuromagnetic/electrical modulation promotes neuroregeneration and neural repair by affecting signaling in the nervous system; namely, by exciting, inhibiting, or regulating neuronal and neural network activities to improve motor function and motor learning following spinal cord injury. Several studies have indicated that fine motor skill rehabilitation training makes use of residual nerve fibers for collateral growth, encourages the formation of new synaptic connections to promote neural plasticity, and improves motor function recovery in patients with spinal cord injury. With the development of biomaterial technology and biomechanical engineering, several emerging treatments have been developed, such as robots, brain-computer interfaces, and nanomaterials. These treatments have the potential to help millions of patients suffering from motor dysfunction caused by spinal cord injury. However, large-scale clinical trials need to be conducted to validate their efficacy. This review evaluated the efficacy of neural stem cells and magnetic or electrical stimulation combined with rehabilitation training and intelligent therapies for spinal cord injury according to existing evidence, to build up a multimodal treatment strategy of spinal cord injury to enhance nerve repair and regeneration.

14.
ACS Nano ; 14(1): 927-936, 2020 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927974

RESUMO

Image-guided surgery plays a crucial role in realizing complete tumor removal, reducing postoperative recurrence and increasing patient survival. However, imaging of tumor lesion in the typical metabolic organs, e.g., kidney and liver, still has great challenges due to the intrinsic nonspecific accumulation of imaging probes in those organs. Herein, we report an in situ self-assembled near-infrared (NIR) peptide probe with tumor-specific excretion-retarded (TER) effect in tumor lesions, enabling high-performance imaging of human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and achieving complete tumor removal, ultimately reducing postoperative recurrence. The NIR peptide probe first specifically recognizes αvß3 integrin overexpressed in renal cancer cells, then is cleaved by MMP-2/9, which is up-regulated in the tumor microenvironment. The probe residue spontaneously self-assembles into nanofibers that exhibit an excretion-retarded effect in the kidney, which contributes to a high signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio in orthotopic RCC mice. Intriguingly, the TER effect also enables precisely identifying eye-invisible tiny lesions (<1 mm), which contributes to complete tumor removal and significantly reduces the postoperative recurrence compared with traditional surgery. Finally, the TER strategy is successfully employed in high-performance identification of human RCC in an ex vivo kidney perfusion model. Taken together, this NIR peptide probe based on the TER strategy is a promising method for detecting tumors in metabolic organs in diverse biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Peptídeos/química , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Animais , Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Feminino , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Imagem Óptica , Tamanho da Partícula , Peptídeos/síntese química , Razão Sinal-Ruído , Propriedades de Superfície
15.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(22): 2690-2697, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765355

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previously, the authors modified the surgical technique to preserve tibial bone mass for Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical outcomes and values of this modified technique. METHODS: Clinical data of 34 consecutive patients who underwent the unilateral modified UKA technique (modified group, 34 knees) were retrospectively analyzed. To compare the outcome, a match-paired control group (conventional group, 34 knees) of an equal number of patients using the conventional technique system in the same period were selected and matched with respect to diagnosis, age, pre-operative range of motion (ROM), and radiological grade of knee arthrosis. Clinical outcomes including knee Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score, ROM, and complications were compared between the two groups. Post-operative radiographic assessments included hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA), joint line change, implant position, and alignment. RESULTS: The mean follow-up time was 38.2 ±â€Š6.3 months. There was no difference in baseline between the two groups. The amount of proximal tibial bone cut in the modified group was significantly less than that of the conventional group (4.7 ±â€Š1.1 mm vs. 6.7 ±â€Š1.3 mm, t = 6.45, P < 0.001). Joint line was elevated by 2.1 ±â€Š1.0 mm in the modified group compared with -0.5 ±â€Š1.7 mm in the conventional group (t = -7.46, P < 0.001). No significant differences were observed between the two groups after UKA with respect to HSS score, VAS score, ROM, and HKA. Additionally, the accuracy of the post-operative implant position and alignment was similar in both groups. As for implant size, the tibial implant size in the modified group was larger than that in the conventional group (χ = 4.95, P = 0.035). CONCLUSIONS: The modified technique for tibial bone sparing was comparable with the conventional technique in terms of clinical outcomes and radiographic assessments. It can preserve tibial bone mass and achieve a larger cement surface on the tibial side.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Idoso , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tíbia
16.
J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci ; 1126-1127: 121738, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377566

RESUMO

Myocardial Infarction (MI) is one of the most common causes of deaths worldwide. Thiols have been reported to play a key role in physiological and pathological processes of MI. Comprehensive analysis of thiols would be conducive to fully elucidate the relation between thiols and MI. In the current study, we analyze the metabolomic differences of thiols in serum between MI patients (n = 30) and healthy controls (HCs, n = 30) by stable isotope labeling-dispersive solid phase extraction-liquid chromatography-full scan-Orbitrap-mass spectrometry analysis (IL-DSPE-LC-full scan-Orbitrap MS) method. We detected 300 potential thiols in serum of MI patients and HCs, among which, 67 thiols were positively or putatively identified. Furthermore, we found that the levels of 71 thiols in serum exhibited significant difference between MI patients and HCs. In the transsulfuration pathway, we observed that Cys and Hcys were upregulated, while GSH were downregulated. Our results provide a comprehensive understanding of thiols metabolome in human serum between MI patients and HCs.


Assuntos
Metabolômica/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Compostos de Sulfidrila/sangue , Compostos de Sulfidrila/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Análise por Conglomerados , Humanos , Marcação por Isótopo/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas , Metaboloma/fisiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue
17.
Environ Int ; 123: 301-309, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30553203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bisphenol F (BPF) and bisphenol S (BPS) are increasingly used as alternatives to endocrine disrupting chemical bisphenol A (BPA). Evidence from in vitro and animal studies demonstrates that BPA, BPF and BPS induce oxidative stress, a proposed mechanism that is relevant to various adverse health effects. Evaluation in humans is hampered by the potentially high within-subject variability of urinary measurements. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the variability and associations of levels of BPA, BPS, BPF and 3 oxidative stress markers [i.e., 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-isoPGF2α) and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-mercapturic acid (HNE-MA)] in urine collected on multiple occasions over 3 months. METHOD: A total of 529 spot urine samples, including 88 first morning voids (FMVs) and 24-h specimens, were gathered from 11 adult men on days 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 30, 60 and 90 and analyzed for BPA, BPF, BPS, 8-OHdG, 8-isoPGF2α and HNE-MA. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were estimated to characterize the reproducibility of urinary bisphenols and oxidative stress markers, and linear mixed models were applied to assess the associations between markers of exposure and response. RESULTS: BPA and BPF were detected in ≥85% of the spot samples, while BPS in 13% of the samples. High degrees of within-subject variability were found for BPA, BPF, 8-OHdG, 8-isoPGF2α and HNE-MA in spot samples, FMVs and 24-h specimens (creatinine-corrected ICCs ≤ 0.37). The sensitivities were low-to-moderate (0.30-0.63) when using single spot samples or FMVs to predict high (>27th, or 36th percentile) 3-month average urinary levels of BPA, BPF, 8-OHdG, 8-isoPGF2α and HNE-MA. Collecting repeated specimens at different time points improved the accuracy of classification for markers of exposure and response. Elevated urinary BPA and BPF were associated with significantly higher levels of oxidative stress markers. CONCLUSIONS: Repeated urinary specimens are required to characterize bisphenol exposure levels and the oxidative stress status of individuals. Exposure to BPA and BPF may partly contribute to the elevated urinary levels of oxidative stress makers in adult men.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/urina , Estresse Oxidativo , Fenóis/urina , Sulfonas/urina , 8-Hidroxi-2'-Desoxiguanosina , Adulto , Animais , Variação Biológica Individual , Biomarcadores/urina , Desoxiguanosina/análogos & derivados , Desoxiguanosina/urina , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 9988, 2018 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29968807

RESUMO

This study investigatedthe different effects of long-term glucocorticoid (GC) interventions on the microarchitectures of cortical and cancellous bones of the femoral head. Eighteen female skeletal mature sheep were randomly allocated into 3 groups, 6 each. Group 1 received prednisolone interventions (0.60 mg/kg/day, 5 times weekly) for 7 months. Group 2 received the same interventions as Group 1 and then further observed 3 months without interventions. Control Group was left nonintervention. After killing the animals, all femoral heads were scanned by micro-CT to determine their microstructural properties. In cancellous bone of femoral head, GC interventions led to significant decrease of bone volume fraction, trabecular thickness, trabecular separation, but increase of structure model index and bone surface density (p < 0.05). While in cortical bone, there were no differences between the Group 1 and in microstructural properties (p > 0.05) except greater trabecular thickness in the control group. In addition, three months after cessation of glucocorticoid interventions, most microstructural properties of cancellous bone were significant reversed, but not cortical thickness of femoral head. In contrast to cancellous bone, the microarchitectures of cortical bone were not changed obviously after long-term GC interventions.


Assuntos
Osso Esponjoso/efeitos dos fármacos , Osso Cortical/efeitos dos fármacos , Cabeça do Fêmur/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Fêmur/efeitos dos fármacos , Cabeça do Fêmur/anatomia & histologia , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Prednisolona/efeitos adversos , Prednisolona/farmacologia , Ovinos , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos
19.
J Orthop Translat ; 12: 36-44, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29662777

RESUMO

Background/Objective: This is a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to investigate the safety and efficacy of Chinese herbal Fufang Xian Ling Gu Bao (XLGB) with antiadipogenic compounds for the prevention of corticosteroid (CS)-induced osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH). Methods: Patients of both genders, aged between 18 and 65 years, with diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, nephrosis, dermatosis and rheumatoid arthritis indicated for CS treatment and who did not show magnetic resonance imaging of ONFH at baseline were recruited into the study and then randomised into either XLGB group (n = 129) with daily oral administration of XLGB or placebo group (n = 146). Results: Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a total of 30 ONFH cases at 6 months after CS treatment, with 6.98% (9 of 129 cases) and 14.4% (21 of 146 cases) in the XLGB group and placebo group, respectively, (p < 0.05), i.e., a 2-fold significantly less ONFH identified in the XLGB treatment group. Blood tests suggested that XLGB significantly inhibited the elevation of activated protein C resistance induced by CS treatment. Conclusion: This is the first multicentre clinical study to demonstrate that the antiadipogenic compounds-rich herbal Fufang (formula) XLGB is effective in preventing CS-associated ONFH in patients with immune-inflammatory diseases under CS treatment. The translational potential of this article: The translation potential of this clinical trial is that the initially officially approved clinical indication for XLGB for treatment of osteoporosis has been now also proven to be effective for a new clinical application.

20.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 4517471, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29511680

RESUMO

The normal physiological loads from muscles experienced by the spine are largely unknown due to a lack of data. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of varying muscle directions on the outcomes predicted from finite element models of human lumbar spine. A nonlinear finite element model of L3-L5 was employed. The force of the erector spinae muscle, the force of the rectus abdominis muscle, follower loads, and upper body weight were applied. The model was fixed in a neural standing position and the direction of the force of the erector spinae muscle and rectus abdominis muscle was varied in three directions. The intradiscal pressure, reaction moments, and intervertebral rotations were calculated. The intradiscal pressure of L4-L5 was 0.56-0.57 MPa, which agrees with the in vivo pressure of 0.5 MPa from the literatures. The models with the erector spinae muscle loaded in anterior-oblique direction showed the smallest reaction moments (less than 0.6 Nm) and intervertebral rotations of L3-L4 and L4-L5 (less than 0.2 degrees). In comparison with loading in the vertical direction and posterior-oblique direction, the erector spinae muscle loaded in the anterior-oblique direction required lower external force or moment to keep the lumbar spine in the neutral position.


Assuntos
Vértebras Lombares/fisiologia , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Coluna Vertebral/fisiologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Região Lombossacral/fisiologia , Modelos Biológicos , Postura , Pressão , Suporte de Carga
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