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1.
Mol Med ; 27(1): 2, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) is the most common type of cerebral infarction, non-LAA is not uncommon. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the prognosis of patients with non-LAA and to establish a corresponding nomogram. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between June 2016 and June 2017, we had 1101 admissions for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Of these, 848 were LAA and 253 were non-LAA. Patients were followed up every 3 months with a minimum of 1 year of follow-up. After excluding patients who were lost follow-up and patients who did not meet the inclusion criteria, a total of 152 non-LAA patients were included in this cohort study. After single-factor analysis and multifactor logistic regression analysis, the risk factors associated with prognosis were derived and different nomograms were developed based on these risk factors. After comparison, the best model is derived. RESULTS: Logistics regression found that the patient's National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, ejection fraction (EF), creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), age, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and serum albumin were independently related to the patient's prognosis. We thus developed three models: model 1: single NIHSS score, AUC = 0.8534; model 2, NIHSS + cardiac parameters (CK-MB, EF), AUC = 0.9325; model 3, NIHSS + CK-MB + EF + age + AST + NLR + albumin, AUC = 0.9598. We compare the three models: model 1 vs model 2, z = - 2.85, p = 0.004; model 2 vs model 3, z = - 1.58, p = 0.122. Therefore, model 2 is considered to be the accurate and convenient model. CONCLUSIONS: Predicting the prognosis of patients with non-LAA is important, and our nomogram, built on the NIHSS and cardiac parameters, can predict the prognosis accurately and provide a powerful reference for clinical decision making.

2.
Curr Microbiol ; 2021 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388938

RESUMO

Strain YIM 132242T, isolated from lichen collected from Pu'er, Yunnan Province, China, was short-rod-shaped, Gram-reaction-negative, aerobic, catalase- and oxidase-positive. Growth of the strain was occurred at 10-39 °C (optimum, 28-35 °C), at pH 4.0-10.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-8.0) and at salinities of 0-8% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0-2%). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain YIM 132242T belonged to the genus Paracoccus and had the highest levels of sequence similarity to Paracoccus aerius KCTC 42845T (97.0% similarity), Paracoccus sediminis CMB17T (96.8% similarity), and Paracoccus fontiphilus MVW-1T (96.4% similarity). The major fatty acid was identified as C18:1 ω7c (77.6%). The predominant respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10 (Q-10). Polar lipid analysis indicated the presence of phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylcholine (PC), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), an unidentified lipid (L), and three unidentified phospholipids (PL1-PL3). Based on the draft genome sequence, the DNA G + C content of the strain was 67.1 mol%, and the values of average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) of strain YIM 132242T with Paracoccus aerius KCTC 42845T were 85.4% and 29.1%, respectively. On the basis of the data from this polyphasic characterization, strain YIM 132242T represents a novel species of the genus Paracoccus, for which the name Paracoccus lichenicola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM 132242T (= KCTC 72463T = CGMCC1.17191T).

3.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33394231

RESUMO

Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is widely involved in the cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, adhesion and apoptosis, which can affect the vascular remodeling in the humanbody. The main ligand of CaSR is extracellular Ca2+. CaSR has the physiological significance in Ca2+ homeostasis. Pulmonary vascular remodeling is one of the main histopathological changes of pulmonary hypertension (PH). The abnormal proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) results in the pulmonary vascular remodeling. CaSR is an important regulator of [Ca2+]i. [Ca2+]i is the main cause of the excessive pulmonary vascular remodeling in patients with PH. In this review, it was conclued that the structure of CaSR was prone to explore the devolopment or the treatment of PH. It was found that the regulation of CaSR with some miRNA could inhibit the proliferation of PASMCs, and that CaSR could affect the occurrence of autophagy in PH. Therefore, CaSR would become a new therapeutic target to PH.

4.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417164

RESUMO

Zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) is an important transcription factor in epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) which participates in the numerous life processes, such as embryonic development, fibrosis and tumor progression. ZEB1 has multiple functions in human body and plays a crucial part in some life processes. ZEB1 is vital for the formation and development of the organs in the embryonic period. The abnormal expression of ZEB1 is a predictor for the poor prognosis or the poor survival in several cancers. ZEB1 contributes to the occurrence of fibrosis, cancer and even chemoresistance. Some research is indicated that fibrosis is finally developed into the cancers. Therefore, ZEB1 is probably taken as a biomarker in fibrosis or cancer. In this review, it is predicted of the structure of ZEB1 and the protein binding sites of ZEB1 with some protein, and it is discussed about the roles of ZEB1 in fibrosis and cancer progression to elaborate the potential applications of ZEB1 in clinic.

5.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(1): 88-98, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33390777

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a commonly occurring tumour with poor prognosis. Autophagy-related long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have received much attention as biomarkers for cancer prognosis and diagnosis. However, few studies have focused on their prognostic predictive value specifically in CRC. This research aimed to construct a robust autophagy-related lncRNA prognostic signature for CRC. Autophagy-related lncRNAs from The Cancer Genome Atlas database were screened using univariate Cox, LASSO, and multivariate Cox regression analyses, and the resulting key lncRNAs were used to establish a prognostic risk score model. Furthermore, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis was performed to detect the expression of several lncRNAs in cancer tissues from CRC patients and in normal tissues adjacent to the cancer tissues. A prognostic signature comprising lncRNAs AC125603.2, LINC00909, AC016876.1, MIR210HG, AC009237.14, and LINC01063 was identified in patients with CRC. A graphical nomogram based on the autophagy-related lncRNA signature was developed to predict CRC patients' 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival. Overall survival in patients with low risk scores was significantly better than in those with high risk scores (P < 0.0001); a similar result was obtained in an internal validation sample. The nomogram was shown to be suitable for clinical use and gave correct predictions. The 1- and 3-year values of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were 0.797 and 0.771 in the model sample, and 0.656 and 0.642 in the internal validation sample, respectively. The C-index values for the verification samples and training samples were 0.756 (95% CI = 0.668-0.762) and 0.715 (95% CI = 0.683-0.829), respectively. Gene set enrichment analysis showed that the six autophagy-related lncRNAs were greatly enriched in CRC-related signalling pathways, including p53 and VEGF signalling. The qRT-PCR results showed that the expression of lncRNAs in CRC was higher than that in adjacent tissues, consistent with the expression trends of lncRNAs in the CRC data set. In summary, we established a signature of six autophagy-related lncRNAs that could effectively guide clinical prediction of prognosis in patients with CRC. This lncRNA signature has significant clinical implications for improving the prediction of outcomes and, with further prospective validation, could be used to guide tailored therapy for CRC patients.

6.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; 40(1): 431-443, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021936

RESUMO

Accurate breast mass segmentation of automated breast ultrasound (ABUS) images plays a crucial role in 3D breast reconstruction which can assist radiologists in surgery planning. Although the convolutional neural network has great potential for breast mass segmentation due to the remarkable progress of deep learning, the lack of annotated data limits the performance of deep CNNs. In this article, we present an uncertainty aware temporal ensembling (UATE) model for semi-supervised ABUS mass segmentation. Specifically, a temporal ensembling segmentation (TEs) model is designed to segment breast mass using a few labeled images and a large number of unlabeled images. Considering the network output contains correct predictions and unreliable predictions, equally treating each prediction in pseudo label update and loss calculation may degrade the network performance. To alleviate this problem, the uncertainty map is estimated for each image. Then an adaptive ensembling momentum map and an uncertainty aware unsupervised loss are designed and integrated with TEs model. The effectiveness of the proposed UATE model is mainly verified on an ABUS dataset of 107 patients with 170 volumes, including 13382 2D labeled slices. The Jaccard index (JI), Dice similarity coefficient (DSC), pixel-wise accuracy (AC) and Hausdorff distance (HD) of the proposed method on testing set are 63.65%, 74.25%, 99.21% and 3.81mm respectively. Experimental results demonstrate that our semi-supervised method outperforms the fully supervised method, and get a promising result compared with existing semi-supervised methods.

7.
JAMA Intern Med ; 181(1): 71-78, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910179

RESUMO

Importance: Lymphopenia is common and correlates with poor clinical outcomes in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Objective: To determine whether a therapy that increases peripheral blood leukocyte and lymphocyte cell counts leads to clinical improvement in patients with COVID-19. Design, Setting and Participants: Between February 18 and April 10, 2020, we conducted an open-label, multicenter, randomized clinical trial at 3 participating centers in China. The main eligibility criteria were pneumonia, a blood lymphocyte cell count of 800 per µL (to convert to ×109/L, multiply by 0.001) or lower, and no comorbidities. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection was confirmed with reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction testing. Exposures: Usual care alone, or usual care plus 3 doses of recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF, 5 µg/kg, subcutaneously at days 0-2). Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was the time from randomization to improvement of at least 1 point on a 7-category disease severity score. Results: Of 200 participants, 112 (56%) were men and the median (interquartile range [IQR]) age was 45 (40-55) years. There was random assignment of 100 patients (50%) to the rhG-CSF group and 100 (50%) to the usual care group. Time to clinical improvement was similar between groups (rhG-CSF group median of 12 days (IQR, 10-16 days) vs usual care group median of 13 days (IQR, 11-17 days); hazard ratio, 1.28; 95% CI, 0.95-1.71; P = .06). For secondary end points, the proportion of patients progressing to acute respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis, or septic shock was lower in the rhG-CSF group (rhG-CSF group, 2% vs usual care group, 15%; difference, -13%; 95%CI, -21.4% to -5.4%). At 21 days, 2 patients (2%) had died in the rhG-CSF group compared with 10 patients (10%) in the usual care group (hazard ratio, 0.19; 95%CI, 0.04-0.88). At day 5, the lymphocyte cell count was higher in the rhG-CSF group (rhG-CSF group median of 1050/µL vs usual care group median of 620/µL; Hodges-Lehmann estimate of the difference in medians, 440; 95% CI, 380-490). Serious adverse events, such as sepsis or septic shock, respiratory failure, and acute respiratory distress syndrome, occurred in 29 patients (14.5%) in the rhG-CSF group and 42 patients (21%) in the usual care group. Conclusion and Relevance: In preliminary findings from a randomized clinical trial, rhG-CSF treatment for patients with COVID-19 with lymphopenia but no comorbidities did not accelerate clinical improvement, but the number of patients developing critical illness or dying may have been reduced. Larger studies that include a broader range of patients with COVID-19 should be conducted. Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR2000030007.

8.
Diagn Cytopathol ; 49(2): E55-E59, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32761994

RESUMO

A lymphoid-rich stroma is a common finding in salivary gland tumors. Several reports documented this association with acinic cell carcinoma (ACC). However, cytologic studies reporting this phenomenon are rare and mainly confined to sporadic single case reports. We present the cytologic features of two cases of ACCs of the parotid gland displaying a lymphoid-rich background and discuss the cytologic differential diagnoses of this uncommon ACC variant.

9.
J Nucl Med ; 62(1): 62-68, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32358095

RESUMO

The management for totally thyroidectomized differentiated thyroid cancer (TT-DTC) patients with unexplained hyperthyroglobulinemia remains indeterminate because of evidence scarcity. This multicenter study aimed at prospectively evaluating the response to radioiodine (131I) adjuvant therapy (RAT) and its potential role in risk stratification and causal clarification. Methods: TT-DTC patients with stimulated serum thyroglobulin levels greater than 10 ng/mL but no structurally evident disease were consecutively enrolled in 5 tertiary-care institutions. After the administration of 5.55 GBq of 131I, the risk of persistent, recurrent, or metastatic differentiated thyroid cancer (prmDTC) was compared with that before RAT. The causes of hyperthyroglobulinemia were explored-and the response to RAT assessed-6-12 mo after RAT. The change in suppressed thyroglobulin level was reported. Results: A cohort of 254 subjects with a median stimulated thyroglobulin level of 27.1 ng/mL was enrolled for the analyses. Immediately after RAT, low, intermediate, and high risk were identified in 5.9%, 88.6%, and 5.5% patients, respectively, with no significant difference in risk stratification compared with that before RAT (P = 0.952). During the follow-up (median, 10.6 mo), hyperthyroglobulinemia was ultimately attributed to a thyroid remnant, biochemical disease, and structural or functional disease in 17.3%, 54.3%, and 28.4% of subjects, respectively. In addition, responses that were excellent, indeterminate, biochemically incomplete, and structurally or functionally incomplete were achieved in 18.1%, 27.2%, 36.2%, and 18.5% of patients, respectively. Notably, the distribution for either cause of hyperthyroglobulinemia or response to RAT was comparable among the 3 postoperative risk groups. Suppressed thyroglobulin levels in patients who merely received RAT declined significantly over time. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that over 90% of TT-DTC patients with unexplained hyperthyroglobulinemia are stratified as being at intermediate to high risk, and RAT using 5.55 GBq of 131I reveals biochemical, functional, or structural disease and yields a non-structurally or -functionally incomplete response in more than 80% patients, suggesting that TT-DTC patients with unexplained hyperthyroglobulinemia are explicit candidates for RAT.

10.
Ultrasonics ; 110: 106271, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166786

RESUMO

Accurate breast mass segmentation of automated breast ultrasound (ABUS) is a great help to breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. However, the lack of clear boundary and significant variation in mass shapes make the automatic segmentation very challenging. In this paper, a novel automatic tumor segmentation method SC-FCN-BLSTM is proposed by incorporating bi-directional long short-term memory (BLSTM) and spatial-channel attention (SC-attention) module into fully convolutional network (FCN). In order to decrease performance degradation caused by ambiguous boundaries and varying tumor sizes, an SC-attention module is designed to integrate both finer-grained spatial information and rich semantic information. Since ABUS is three-dimensional data, utilizing inter-slice context can improve segmentation performance. A BLSTM module with SC-attention is constructed to model the correlation between slices, which employs inter-slice context to assist segmentation for false positive elimination. The proposed method is verified on our private ABUS dataset of 124 patients with 170 volumes, including 3636 2D labeled slices. The Dice similarity coefficient (DSC), Recall, Precision and Hausdorff distance (HD) of the proposed method are 0.8178, 0.8067, 0.8292 and 11.1367. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method offered improved segmentation results compared with existing deep learning-based methods.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão/métodos , Ultrassonografia Mamária/métodos , Algoritmos , Diagnóstico por Computador , Feminino , Humanos
11.
Br J Nutr ; 125(1): 62-70, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32792028

RESUMO

The present study was conducted to evaluate the impact of dietary fully oxidised ß-carotene (OxBC, C40H60O15) supplementation during the perinatal period on immune status and productivity in a sow model. At day 85 of pregnancy, 150 sows were allocated to one of three dietary treatments with fifty sows per treatment. The three experimental diets were supplemented with 0, 4 or 8 mg/kg OxBC in the basal diet. The feeding trial was conducted from gestation day 85 until day 21 of lactation. Dietary OxBC supplementation greatly enhanced colostrum IgM, IgA and IgG levels, and the IgM and IgG content of 14-d milk. Dietary OxBC supplementation decreased the TNF-α and IL-8 levels in colostrum, as well as the TNF-α and IL-18 levels in 14-d milk. There was also a tendency towards an increase in the soluble CD14 level in 14-d milk. Although dietary treatments did not affect average daily feed intake nor backfat thickness loss during lactation, dietary OxBC supplementation tended to enhance litter weight and individual piglet weight at weaning. There was a trend towards increased lactose concentration in 14-d milk with increasing dietary OxBC. It is concluded that dietary supplementation with OxBC during the perinatal period enhances the lactose concentration of sow milk and the immune status of sows, which is reflected by improved cytokine status and immunoglobulin concentrations in colostrum and milk, and thus tending to increase litter weight and individual piglet weight at weaning. The results also provide a scientific nutritional reference for perinatal mothers due to the biological similarity between pigs and humans.

12.
Diagn Cytopathol ; 49(1): E14-E19, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749783

RESUMO

Intrathyroidal parathyroid carcinoma is an uncommon malignancy. A 46-year-old male presented with a left neck mass. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a hypodense mass in the left thyroid lobe along with evidence of metastatic lymphadenopathy. Aspiration of the left thyroid nodule was performed, and a diagnosis of malignancy was rendered, favoring a primary anaplastic carcinoma. Based on the cytologic diagnosis, the patient underwent a total thyroidectomy. Before the surgery, intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcium level (PTH = 78 pg/mL; Calcium = 10.6 mg/dL) were found to be minimally elevated. On gross examination, a 3.2 cm mass within the left inferior thyroid lobe was seen. Histopathologic examination and ancillary studies supported the diagnosis of a parathyroid carcinoma. We, hereby present, an exceedingly rare presentation of an intrathyroidal parathyroid carcinoma with only minimal elevation of PTH and calcium, mimicking a primary anaplastic thyroid carcinoma on cytologic examination.

13.
Eur J Med Chem ; 209: 112934, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109396

RESUMO

In this study, a series of 3-(4-phenyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-1H-pyrazole derivatives were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their biological activities. Upon performing kinase assays, most of the compounds exhibited potent inhibition against JAK2/3 and Aurora A/B with the IC50 values ranging from 0.008 to 2.52 µM. Among these derivatives, compound 10e expressed the most moderate inhibiting activities against all the four kinases with the IC50 values of 0.166 µM (JAK2), 0.057 µM (JAK3), 0.939 µM (Aurora A), and 0.583 µM (Aurora B), respectively. Moreover, most of the derived compounds exhibited potent cytotoxicity against human chronic myeloid leukemia cells K562 and human colon cancer cells HCT116, while compound 10e expressed antiproliferative activities against K562 (IC50=6.726  µM). According to western blot analysis, compound 10e down-regulated the phosphorylation of STAT3, STAT5, Aurora A, and Aurora B in a dose-dependent manner in K562 and HCT116 cells. Cell cycle analysis revealed that compound 10e inhibited the proliferation of cells by inducing cell cycle arrest in the G2 phase. The molecular modeling suggested that compound 10e could maintain a binding mode similar to the binding mode of AT9832, a common JAK 2/3 and Aurora A/B kinases multi-target kinase inhibitor. Therefore, compound 10e might be a potential agent for cancer therapy deserving further research.

14.
Int J Infect Dis ; 103: 300-304, 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333250

RESUMO

The emergence and re-emergence of coronaviruses (CoV) continually cause circulating epidemics and pandemics worldwide, such as the on-going outbreak of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. The resultant disease, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has rapidly developed into a worldwide pandemic, leading to severe health and economic burdens. Although the recently announced vaccines against COVID-19 has rekindled hope, there is still a major challenge to urgently meet the global need for rapid treatment of the pandemic. Given the urgency of the CoV outbreak, we propose a strategy to screen potential broad-spectrum drugs against CoV in a high-throughput manner, particularly against SARS-CoV-2. Since the essential functional domains of CoV are extensively homologous, the availability of two types of mild CoV, HCoV-OC43 and MHV, should provide a valuable tool for the rapid identification of promising drugs against CoV without the drawbacks of level three biological confinements. The luciferase reporter gene is introduced into HCoV-OC43 and MHV to indicate viral activity, and hence the antiviral efficiency of screened drugs can be quantified by luciferase activity. Compounds with antiviral activity against both HCoV-OC43 and MHV are further evaluated in SARS-CoV-2 after structural optimizations. This system allows large-scale compounds to be screened to search for broad-spectrum drugs against CoV in a high-throughput manner, providing potential alternatives for clinical management of SARS-CoV-2 or other CoV.

15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 5302910, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33282951

RESUMO

Objective: To monitor the number of bacterial colonies in the air of computed tomography (CT) room for COVID-19 using different disinfection methods and to identify the most effective method for disinfection and protection of equipment. Methods: Three methods for disinfection using ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (group A), plasma circulation air sterilizer (group B), and ultraviolet germicidal irradiation plus plasma circulation air sterilizer (group C) were utilized to sanitize the air in the CT room dedicated to COVID-19 cases. Single-factor ANOVA was used to evaluate and compare the disinfection effect of the three air disinfection methods; an air microbial sampler was used to sample and measure the number of bacteria in the air of the machine room. Results: The number of bacteria in the air immediately after disinfection was significantly lower than before disinfection (p < 0.01). All three disinfection methods met the disinfection requirement. No significant differences in the number of air bacteria in the machine room immediately after disinfection were observed among the three methods (p > 0.05). In addition, the effect of disinfection after 2 h was compared, and the number of bacteria in group C after 2 h was significantly lower than that in group A and group B. Conclusions: All three disinfection methods have significant disinfection effects. In addition, using ultraviolet disinfection lamps combined with a plasma air disinfection machine to sterilize the air in CT machine room has the best disinfection effect for the longest duration. Therefore, we recommend the combined disinfection method (ultraviolet disinfection lamps plus plasma air disinfection), as well as formulating relevant disinfection management norms, which should thus be the method to use during pandemics.


Assuntos
/prevenção & controle , Desinfecção , Controle de Infecções , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , /epidemiologia , Humanos
16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33382241

RESUMO

Nature has been inspiring scientists to fabricate impact protective materials for applications in various aspects. However, it is still challenging to integrate flexible, stiffness-changeable, and protective properties into a single polymer, although these merits are of great interest in many burgeoning areas. Herein, we report an impact-protective supramolecular polymeric material (SPM) with unique impact-hardening and reversible stiffness-switching characteristics by mimicking sea cucumber dermis. The emergence of softness-stiffness switchability and subsequent protective properties relies on the dynamic aggregation of the nanoscale hard segments in soft transient polymeric networks modulated by quadruple H-bonding. As such, we demonstrate that our SPM could efficiently reduce the impact force and increase the buffer time of the impact. Importantly, we elucidate the underlying mechanism behind the impact hardening and energy dissipation in our SPM. Based on these findings, we fabricate impact- and puncture-resistant demos to show the potential of our SPM for protective applications.

17.
J Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 171, 2020 12 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33302977

RESUMO

Hematopoietic reprogramming holds great promise for generating functional target cells and provides new angle for understanding hematopoiesis. We reported before for the first time that diverse differentiated hematopoietic cell lineages could be reprogrammed back into hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell-like cells by chemical cocktail. However, the exact cell types of induced cells and reprogramming trajectory remain elusive. Here, based on genetic tracing method CellTagging and single-cell RNA sequencing, it is found that neutrophils could be reprogrammed into multipotent progenitors, which acquire multi-differentiation potential both in vitro and in vivo, including into lymphoid cells. Construction of trajectory map of the reprogramming procession shows that mature neutrophils follow their canonical developmental route reversely into immature ones, premature ones, granulocyte/monocyte progenitors, common myeloid progenitors, and then the terminal cells, which is stage by stage or skips intermediate stages. Collectively, this study provides a precise dissection of hematopoietic reprogramming procession and sheds light on chemical cocktail-induction of hematopoietic stem cells.

18.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(11): 902-7, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33269834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe and compare the ameliorate effects of electroacupuncture (EA) and transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) with different intensities on inflammatory muscle pain, so as to confirm the role of different afferent nerve fibers in different layers (skin or muscle) in pain relief of acupuncture. METHODS: The intensities of the thresholds of A (Ta) and C (Tc) were selected for TEAS and EA. TEAS and EA were applied on the layer of skin and muscle of "Liangqiu" (ST34), respectively. Forty-eight rats were randomly divided into control, model, TEAS-Ta, TEAS-Tc, EA-Ta and EA-Tc groups (n=8 in each group). The inflammatory muscle pain model was established by complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) injection into the right biceps femoris muscle. EA or TEAS was applied once a day for 3 days. The weight difference between the hind limbs and the abnormal electromyography (EMG) activities were observed as an index for pain of the rats. RESULTS: After modeling, the weight difference between the hind limbs was increased markedly in the model group relevant to the control group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the weight difference between the hind limbs in the TEAS-Tc, EA-Ta, and EA-Tc groups was significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with that before intervention, the area under the curve and discharge frequency of abnormal EMG of rats in the TEAS-Tc and EA-Ta groups were significantly reduced after intervention (P<0.01, P<0.05), while those in the EA-Tc group were significantly increased (P<0.05). After the intervention, compared with the TEAS-Ta group, the inhibition rate of the area under the curve and the discharge frequency of the abnormal EMG in the TEAS-Tc group increased significantly (P<0.05); and those were also increased in the EA-Ta group when compared with the EA-Tc group (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: TEAS with Tc or EA with Ta in the muscle layer can alleviate the pain and inhibit the abnormal EMG in inflammatory muscle pain rats. It is indicated that local pain relief by acupuncture was related to the afferent nerve fiber in different layer with different intensities.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Dor , Manejo da Dor , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
19.
iScience ; 23(12): 101785, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33294793

RESUMO

Heterologous expression of a biosynthesis gene cluster from Amycolatopsis sp. resulted in the discovery of two unique class IV lasso peptides, felipeptins A1 and A2. A mixture of felipeptins stimulated proliferation of cancer cells, while having no such effect on the normal cells. Detailed investigation revealed, that pre-treatment of cancer cells with a mixture of felipeptins resulted in downregulation of the tumor suppressor Rb, making the cancer cells to proliferate faster. Pre-treatment with felipeptins made cancer cells considerably more sensitive to the anticancer agent doxorubicin and re-sensitized doxorubicin-resistant cells to this drug. Structural characterization and binding experiments showed an interaction between felipeptins resulting in complex formation, which explains their synergistic effect. This discovery may open an alternative avenue in cancer treatment, helping to eliminate quiescent cells that often lead to cancer relapse.

20.
Anal Chem ; 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33296189

RESUMO

Fetal nucleated red blood cells (fNRBCs) in maternal peripheral blood containing the whole genetic information of the fetus may serve for noninvasive pregnant diagnostics (NIPD). However, the fetal cell-based NIPD is seriously limited by the poor purity of the isolated fNRBCs. Recently, the biomimetic cell membrane-camouflaged nanoparticles containing outstanding features have been widely used to detect and isolate rare cells from the peripheral blood samples. In this work, enythrocyte (RBC) and leukocyte (WBC) membranes are fused and coated onto magnet nanoparticles and then modified with anti-CD147 to isolate fNRBCs from the maternal peripheral blood with significant efficiency (∼90%) and purity (∼87%) in simulated spiked blood samples. Further, fNRBCs were isolated and identified from a series of maternal peripheral blood samples coming from pregnant women of 11-13 gestational weeks, and different chromosomal aneuploidies were diagnosed using fNRBCs isolated from maternal blood in early pregnancy. Our strategy may offer additional opportunity to overcome the limitations of current cell-based NIPD platforms.

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