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1.
Anal Methods ; 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33404557

RESUMO

A direct immersion solid-phase microextraction method for determining tetracyclines (TCs) was developed by coupling with high-performance liquid chromatography. A carbon aerogel (CA) was synthesized as a fiber coating with high extractive properties and a low density of 0.1855 g cm-3 via ambient pressure drying and carbonization. The as-synthesized CA exhibited a high specific surface area and a cross-linked structure; it was characterized via scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller analysis, etc. The extraction performance for six TCs was investigated, and the main experimental parameters were optimized by the Box-Behnken design. Adsorption kinetics, Langmuir and Freundlich models were used to clarify the extraction mechanism. This method showed wide linear ranges of 1-500 µg L-1, low limits of detection of 0.52-1.05 µg L-1, good repeatability of 1.37-12.47%, and satisfactory inter-fiber reproducibility of 8.51-15.81% relative standard deviation for the detection of six TCs. Moreover, this study provided an interesting insight into the detection of TCs residues in food samples.

2.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(2): 43, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33462742

RESUMO

A carbon aerogel composite templated and catalyzed by ionic liquid was fabricated to obtain a meso-porous and cross-linked structure while avoiding the freeze and supercritical drying. It was then carboxylated to obtain favorable surface groups. The easily prepared material displayed excellent extraction effect of six tetracyclines (TCs) compared to the non-carboxylated carbon aerogel. A direct immersion solid-phase microextraction method to determine six TCs in aqueous samples was developed coupling with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with UV-Vis detector set at 355 nm. The experimental parameters affecting the analytical performance of this method, including sample pH, ionic strength, extraction and desorption time, extraction volume, and temperature, were optimized. Adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics models were used to clarify the extraction mechanism. Under the optimized conditions, this method has a wide linear range of 2-1000 µg L-1, low limits of detection of 0.36-0.71 µg L-1, repeatability of 1.85-10.96%, and reproducibility of 4.92-13.47% for six TCs. The method was successfully applied to detect TC residues in egg and poultry farm wastewater samples.

3.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(1): 18, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33414447

RESUMO

MIEF2 (mitochondrial elongation factor 2) is one of the key regulators of mitochondrial fission. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that high expression of MIEF2 predicted a poor prognosis in ovarian cancer patients. However, the relationship between MIEF2 and aberrant lipid metabolism in OC remains elusive. In this study, we demonstrated that MIEF2 significantly promoted lipid synthesis, while has no significant effect on fatty acid uptake and oxidation in OC cells. MIEF2 enhanced de novo fatty acid synthesis through up-regulating the expression of sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP1) and its transcriptional target lipogenic genes ACC1, FASN and SCD1. Meanwhile, MIEF2-promoted cholesterol biosynthesis through up-regulating the expression of sterol regulatory element binding protein 2 (SREBP2) and its transcriptional target cholesterol biosynthesis genes HMGCS1 and HMGCR. Mechanistically, increased mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and subsequently activation of AKT/mTOR signaling pathway was found to be involved in the up-regulation of SREBP1 and SREBP2 in OC cells. Moreover, cell growth and metastasis assays indicated that MIEF2-regulated fatty acid synthesis and cholesterol biosynthesis played a critical role in the progression of OC. Taken together, our findings indicate that MIEF2 is a critical regulator of lipid synthesis in OC, which provides a strong line of evidence for this molecule to serve as a drug target in the treatment of this malignancy.

4.
Food Funct ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439201

RESUMO

Tea polyphenols (TP) are the most bioactive components in tea extracts. It has been reported that TP can regulate the composition and the function of the intestinal flora. Meanwhile, intestinal microorganisms improve the bioavailability of TP, and the corresponding metabolites of TP can regulate intestinal micro-ecology and promote human health more effectively. The dysfunction of the microbiota-gut-brain axis is the main pathological basis of depression, and its abnormality may be the direct cause and potential influencing factor of psychiatric disorders. The interrelationship between TP and intestinal microorganisms is discussed in this review, which will enable us to better evaluate the potential preventive effects of TP on psychiatric disorders by modulating host intestinal microorganisms.

5.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1867(1): 165988, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059001

RESUMO

Many Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are specifically expressed in early embryos, but the physiological functions of most of them remain largely unknown. Here, we show that deficiency of lncenc1, an early embryo-specific lncRNA, altering glucose and lipid balance in adult mice. Newly weaned lncenc1-deficient mice prefer to use lipids as a fuel source. When mice were fed a normal chow diet (NCD), glucose intolerance and insulin resistance were observed in adult lncenc1-deficient mice. Under high-fat diet (HFD) conditions, however, lncenc1-deficient mice became healthier and could resist food-induced obesity and metabolic disturbances. Furthermore, AKT/mTOR-regulated lipogenesis in liver was reduced in lncenc1-deficient mice fed a HFD. MEFs lacking lncenc1 showed impaired glycolysis and lipogenesis, suggesting that the metabolic defects may already exist in embryos. Our study demonstrated the essential roles of lncenc1 in adult metabolism, providing experimental data that support the "fetal origin" of adult metabolic disorders.

6.
Cryobiology ; 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33279510

RESUMO

Our previous study revealed that melatonin (MLT) protected the quality of cryopreserved ovarian tissues in mice. This work was carried out to examine the role of MLT in inducing HSP90 expression of ovarian tissue for achieving cryoprotection. Pieces of ovarian tissues were obtained from 50 female rats treated with MLT at 0, 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, and 1 mM, respectively. After cryopreservation-thawing, HSP90 mRNA and protein level were evaluated using qRT-PCR and western blot. The qRT-PCR results revealed that HSP90 mRNA expression was significantly (p < 0.01) upregulated in MLT-treated groups in comparison with the controls (0 mM). Western blot revealed higher HSP90 protein expression in MLT-treated groups compared to control group (0 mM), thus further confirming that MLT positively affected HSP90 expression. Moreover, 0.1 mM MLT had better effects than other concentrations of MLT. Conclusively, findings in the present work provide a feasible technology for improving cryopreserved ovarian tissue quality through the addition of MLT to elicit HSP90 expression.

7.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 286, 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33317572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence has revealed the close link between mitochondrial dynamic dysfunction and cancer. MIEF2 (mitochondrial elongation factor 2) is mitochondrial outer membrane protein that functions in the regulation of mitochondrial fission. However, the expression, clinical significance and biological functions of MIEF2 are still largely unclear in human cancers, especially in ovarian cancer (OC). METHODS: The expression and clinical significance of MIEF2 were determined by qRT-PCR, western blot and immunohistochemistry analyses in tissues and cell lines of OC. The biological functions of MIEF2 in OC were determined by in vitro and in vivo cell growth and metastasis assays. Furthermore, the effect of MIEF2 on metabolic reprogramming of OC was determined by metabolomics and glucose metabolism analyses. RESULTS: MIEF2 expression was significantly increased in OC mainly due to the down-regulation of miR-424-5p, which predicts poor survival for patients with OC. Knockdown of MIEF2 significantly suppressed OC cell growth and metastasis both in vitro and in vivo by inhibiting G1-S cell transition, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and inducing cell apoptosis, while forced expression of MIEF2 had the opposite effects. Mechanistically, mitochondrial fragmentation-suppressed cristae formation and thus glucose metabolism switch from oxidative phosphorylation to glycolysis was found to be involved in the promotion of growth and metastasis by MIEF2 in OC cells. CONCLUSIONS: MIEF2 plays a critical role in the progression of OC and may serve as a valuable prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target in the treatment of this malignancy.

8.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 91: 107269, 2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33340781

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease with complicated pathogenesis. A novel bibenzyl compound 2-[4-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)benzyl]-4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)phenol (20C) has been shown to have some neuroprotective effects, and its mechanism still needs further research. In this study, we used a 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced PD rat model to evaluate the protective effect of 20C. Our study found that 20C could improve behavioral defects in 6-OHDA-lesion rats, decrease neuroinflammation and protect their DA neurons. It could inhibit the activity of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) induced by 6-OHDA, and lead to a decrease in the expression of nitrated-α-synuclein. When exposed to AMT-an inhibitor of iNOS, the nitrated-α-synuclein in PC12 decreased, and 20C demonstrated the same function on nitrated-α-synuclein as AMT. Besides, we also found that nitrated-α-synuclein was displayed in microglia. And 20C could decrease the expression of antigen-presenting molecule major histocompatibility complex I (MHC I) in dopamine (DA) neurons and MHC II in microglia induced by 6-OHDA. So, these imply that nitrated-α-synuclein might act as an endogenous antigen activating adaptive immunity, and the neuroprotection of 20C might be associated with inhibiting the activity of iNOS, decreasing the expression of the antigen molecule nitrated-α-synuclein and the antigen presenting molecule MHC. Our results indicated that inhibiting iNOS might be an effective strategy to protect neurons from oxidative stress.

9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 170: 336-342, 2020 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373637

RESUMO

As an invisible organ of human body, the gut microbiota plays an important role in human life and has become a hot spot in the field of life science in recent years. Due to the increasing pressure of work and life, people are prone to depression. The in-depth mechanism studies indicated that the gut microbiota could improve the depression symptom through the gut-brain axis (GBA). As unique plant polysaccharides, dietary fiber can effectively modulate the intestinal flora disorders and its crucial role in orchestrating host-microbiota crosstalk has been confirmed. This review highlights the mechanisms that the gut microbiota affects the development of depression through GBA and focuses on dietary fiber intervention on the improvement of intestinal microbiota imbalance, which may provide new ideas for the prevention and treatment of depression.

10.
Heliyon ; 6(10): e05277, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33134580

RESUMO

Mid-infrared reflection spectra of c- and m-plane bulk AlN show a reststrahlen band related to the formation of phonon polaritons. However, it is worth noting that there are additional hump- and spike-shaped peaks in the spectra, which cannot be explained by the phonon-polaritons model applicable to optically isotropic crystals. Here, considering the existence of quasiphonons in wurtzite crystals, we suppose that the extra peaks result from the generation of quasiphonon polaritons (QPPs) induced by the coupling between photon and quasi-transverse optical phonon. On the basis of this point, a QPPs model applicable to optically anisotropic wurtzite crystals is developed, which successfully explains the reststrahlen band of bulk AlN. Besides, on the ground of our model, a series of reststrahlen band of bulk AlN under various configurations is also predicted and presented.

11.
Int J Biometeorol ; 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33219417

RESUMO

Plant phenology under changing climate is a critical factor controlling terrestrial vegetation productivity. However, large uncertainties exist due to different data sources and phenological parameter extraction methods. In this study, we took advantage of a suite of long-term field observational data in northern grassland of China to investigate the drivers of phenological shifts and their effect on the maximum aboveground net primary productivity (ANPPmax) across four representative grassland types during 1984-2017. Results showed that drivers of phenological events (i.e., start (SOS), end (EOS), and length (GSL) of the growing season) with warming influence dramatically differed among grassland types, indicating that the synergistic effect of temperature and precipitation should be highlighted. For temperate desert steppe and alpine meadow, GSL of dominant species was both significantly lengthened with temperature rising with averaged 0.94 days year-1 (P < 0.001) and 1.15 days year-1 (P < 0.001), respectively, while for typical temperate grassland, GSL was considerably shortened by an average of 0.58 days year-1 (P < 0.01) as a result of water deficit caused by sharp warming and precipitation decreasing in summer and autumn. For most grassland types in our study, both SOS and GSL were significantly correlated with ANPPmax under different precipitation gradients with SOS advanced and GSL extended leading to higher ANPPmax. Only the typical temperate grassland presents a relatively poor correlation between phenological events and productivity. Furthermore, compared with GSL, ANPPmax was more sensitive to the advancement of SOS for every 1-day phenological change. However, the effect of EOS on ANPPmax across the four grassland types was much weaker and unstable. There were spatial response differences between ANPPmax and phenological transition events, with the temperate meadow grassland tending to be more sensitive compared with three other grassland types.

12.
J Food Biochem ; : e13575, 2020 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222220

RESUMO

Tea polyphenols (TP) are important functional components in tea. TP can regulate the composition of human intestinal flora, meanwhile, TP can be bio-transformed by the intestinal microbiota, resulting in relative metabolites, which prevent nerve damage, promote neurocognition, and increase resistance to oxidative stress. In recent years, cerebral nerves have become a hot topic of research, and studies have marked the importance of microbial flora and TP in protecting cerebral nerves. This paper reviews the effects of TP on intestinal microflora and the microbial degradation of TP. Furthermore, the potential effects of TP on cerebral nerves have been highlighted. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Neuroscience studies are primarily focused on discerning the functional mechanism of the nervous system. The functional role of intestinal microbiota in host physiology regulation, especially neurological functions, has become a hotspot for neurological research. TP play a vital role in maintaining the steady status of intestinal flora and protecting cerebral nerve damage. An in-depth understanding of the TP and intestinal microbiota interaction, its implication on cerebral nerve protection, and the associated underlying mechanism will allow us to expand the therapeutic applications of TP.

13.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 10348-10353, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33232157

RESUMO

Efficient and stable deep-blue emission from perovskite light-emitting diodes (LEDs) is required for their application in lighting and displays. However, this is difficult to achieve due to the phase segregation issue of mixed halide perovskites and the challenge of synthesizing high-quality single-halide deep-blue perovskite nanocrystals through a traditional method. Here, we show that an antisolvent treatment can facilitate the in situ formation of perovskite nanocrystals using a facile spin-coating method. We find that the dropping time of the antisolvent can significantly affect the constitution of nanocrystal perovskite films. With a delay in the start time of the antisolvent treatment, small single-halide perovskite nanocrystals can be achieved, exhibiting efficient deep-blue emission. The LED device shows a stable electroluminescence (EL) peak at 465 nm, with a peak external quantum efficiency and a peak current efficiency of 2.4% and 2.5 cd A-1, respectively. This work provides a facile approach to changing the size of perovskite nanocrystals, thus effectively tuning their EL emission spectra.

14.
Front Oncol ; 10: 1323, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33014773

RESUMO

Meningioma is the most common intracranial tumor, and recent studies have drawn attention to the importance of further research on malignant meningioma. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) grading, meningioma is classified into 15 subtypes with three grades of malignancy. However, due to a lack of descriptions of molecular subtypes, genetic mutations, or other features, there were deficiencies in the WHO classification. The DNA methylation-based meningioma classification published in 2017 used DNA copy number analysis, mutation profiling, and RNA sequencing to distinguish six clinically relevant methylation classes, which contributed to a better prediction of tumor recurrence and prognosis. Further studies indicated that gene variation and gene mutations, such as those in neurofibromin 2 (NF2) and BRCA1, were related to the high WHO grade, malignant invasion, and recurrence. Among the mutant genes described above, some have been associated with differential DNA methylation. Herein, we searched for articles published in PubMed and Web of Science from January 2000 to May 2020 by entering the keywords "meningioma," "methylation," and "gene mutation," and found a number of published studies that analyzed DNA methylation in meningiomas. In this review, we summarize the key findings of recent studies on methylation status and genetic mutations of meningioma and discuss the current deficits of the WHO grading. We also propose that a methylation-based meningioma classification could provide clues in the assessment of individual risk of meningioma recurrence, which is associated with clinical benefits for patients.

15.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16933, 2020 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037257

RESUMO

The increased application of graphene oxide (GO), a new carbon-based engineered nanomaterial, has generated a potential toxicity in humans and the environment. Previous studies have identified some dysregulated microRNAs (miRNAs), such as up-regulated mir-235, in organisms exposed to GO. However, the detailed mechanisms of the dysregulation of miRNA underlying GO toxicity are still largely elusive. In this study, we employed Caenorhabditis elegans as an in vivo model to investigate the biological function and molecular basis of mir-235 in the regulation of GO toxicity. After low concentration GO exposure, mir-235 (n4504) mutant nematodes were sensitive to GO toxicity, implying that mir-235 mediates a protection mechanism against GO toxicity. Tissue-specific assays suggested that mir-235 expressed in intestine is required for suppressing the GO toxicity in C. elegans. daf-12, a gene encoding a member of the steroid hormone receptor superfamily, acts as a target gene of mir-235 in the nematode intestine in response to GO treatment, and RNAi knockdown of daf-12 suppressed the sensitivity of mir-235(n4503) to GO toxicity. Further genetic analysis showed that DAF-12 acted in the upstream of DAF-16 in insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway and PMK-1 in p38 MAPK signaling pathway in parallel to regulate GO toxicity. Altogether, our results revealed that mir-235 may activate a protective mechanism against GO toxicity by suppressing the DAF-12-DAF-16 and DAF-12-PMK-1 signaling cascade in nematodes, which provides an important molecular basis for the in vivo toxicity of GO at the miRNA level.

16.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16959, 2020 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046787

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the intravitreal injection of conbercept in the treatment of macular neovascularization (MNV) secondary to high myopia and to observe the application of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in the treatment follow-up. We reviewed the medical records of 20 patients (21 eyes) with MNV secondary to high myopia who were enrolled in the Department of Ophthalmology of the First Hospital of China Medical University between May 2018 and January 2020. Each patient received one or more intravitreal injections of conbercept (0.5 mg/0.05 mL). The treatment was conducted according to a 1 + PRN (pro re nata) regimen. The changes of best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central macular thickness (CMT), and selected MNV and flow areas measured by OCTA were observed over a 6-month follow-up period. The mean logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) BCVA was 1.03 ± 0.61 before treatment and improved to 0.83 ± 0.59 (P = 0.007), 0.78 ± 0.62 (P = 0.001), 0.81 ± 0.73 (P = 0.027), and 0.79 ± 0.72 (P = 0.023) at 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, and 6 months after treatment, respectively. The mean CMT was 358.16 ± 206.11 µm before treatment and decreased to 295.38 ± 178.70 µm (P = 0.003), 288.34 ± 165.60 µm (P = 0.004), 284.36 ± 163.07 µm (P = 0.005), and 283.00 ± 160.32 µm (P = 0.004) at 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, and 6 months after treatment, respectively. Nineteen eyes (90.5%) had stable or improved vision at 6 months of follow-up. One month after conbercept injection, in OCTA images, the small-diameter blood vessels of the MNV decreased, the intertwined small blood vessels decreased or even disappeared, and the main or larger-diameter blood vessels were still present. The mean selected MNV and blood flow areas were 0.62 ± 0.81 and 0.22 ± 0.27 mm2, respectively, before treatment and decreased to 0.23 ± 0.33 and 0.07 ± 0.08 mm2 (P = 0.04 for both), respectively, 1 month after treatment. No drug-related systemic or ocular adverse effects were observed. Our results suggest that conbercept can effectively and safely improve BCVA and reduce CMT in patients with myopic MVN (mMNV). OCTA can be used to observe MNV area, blood flow area, and MNV morphological changes after treatment with conbercept, thus providing a reference for treatment follow-up.

17.
Life Sci ; 261: 118465, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956665

RESUMO

AIMS: Renal fibrosis is a progressive disease that leads to renal dysfunction and end-stage renal failure, and there is currently no specific treatment. Our previous study showed that the 8-residue peptide DR8 (DHNNPQIR) exhibits potent antioxidant and antifibrotic properties, and accumulating evidence suggests that oxidative stress contributes greatly to fibrosis. The effects and mechanisms of DR8 on renal fibrosis remain unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of DR8 were assessed in a unilateral ureteral obstruction mouse model that received a daily, single-dose subcutaneous injection of 500 µg/kg DR8 for 14 days and in cultured cells (HK-2 and NIH-3T3 cells) treated with 5 ng/mL TGF-ß1 and 80 µM DR8. Western blotting, immunohistochemical staining, real-time qPCR and other tools were conducted to study the molecular mechanisms underlying antifibrotic effects. KEY FINDINGS: DR8 improved renal function and reduced injury and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition. Inflammation and oxidative stress were alleviated by DR8 in vivo. DR8 also inhibited the activation of fibroblasts and ECM deposition in HK-2 and NIH-3T3 cells induced by TGF-ß1. In addition, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was inhibited by DR8 both in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistic studies supported that DR8 inhibited ERK and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation. These results indicate that DR8 attenuates renal fibrosis via suppression of EMT by antagonizing the MAPK pathway. SIGNIFICANCE: We provide mechanistic details for a potential therapeutic agent and establish a foundation for peptide therapeutics.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Nefropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias/patologia , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Fibrose , Humanos , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Nefropatias/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células NIH 3T3 , Peptídeos/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 32(8): 970-975, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912412

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the effect of Tongfu Xiefei method on prognosis and respiratory mechanics parameters in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: The randomized controlled trials (RCT) of Tongfu Xiefei method for ARDS published on PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, CNKI and Wanfang database from January 1st 2001 to June 30th 2019 were searched. Conventional treatment for ARDS that included mechanical ventilation, prone ventilation, anti-infection, organ function maintenance and nutritional therapy were used in the control group. While the Tongfu Xiefei method was applied in the experimental group based on the conventional treatment. The main outcome was in-hospital mortality, and the secondary outcomes included mechanic ventilation time, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay and respiratory mechanics parameters. Two researchers independently searched the literature, collected data and assessed the risk of bias. The bias risk assessment was completed by RevMan 5.3 software. The Meta-analysis was completed by R software. The potential publication bias of main outcome was evaluation. RESULTS: A total of 27 RCTs were included. There were 1 763 patients, including 899 in the experimental group and 864 in the control group. Meta-analysis showed that, compared with the control group, the in-hospital mortality of the experimental group significantly decreased [relative risk (RR) = 0.46, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 0.36 to 0.59, P < 0.000 1], the mechanic ventilation time and the length of ICU stay were significantly shortened [mechanical ventilation time: standard mean difference (SMD) = -1.92, 95%CI was -2.56 to -1.29, P < 0.000 1; length of ICU stay: SMD = -1.84, 95%CI was -2.49 to -1.18, P < 0.000 1], oxygenation index was significantly improved (SMD = 2.26, 95%CI was 1.56 to 2.96, P < 0.000 1), airway peak pressure, airway platform pressure, mean airway pressure and airway resistance significantly decreased (airway peak pressure: SMD = -1.26, 95%CI was -2.35 to -0.18, P = 0.021 8; airway platform pressure: SMD = -0.61, 95%CI was -1.08 to -0.14, P = 0.010 7; mean airway pressure: SMD = - 1.67, 95%CI was - 2.93 to -0.42, P = 0.009 1; airway resistance: SMD = -0.88, 95%CI was -1.09 to -0.67, P < 0.000 1), while lung compliance increased (SMD = 1.57, 95%CI was 0.78 to 2.36, P < 0.000 1). The results of publication bias assessment showed that there was no potential publication bias (P = 0.499). CONCLUSIONS: Tongfu Xiefei method is capable of reducing the in-hospital mortality, shortening the mechanical ventilation time and the length of ICU stay, and improving respiratory mechanics parameters for patients with ARDS.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/terapia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Complacência Pulmonar , Mecânica Respiratória
19.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948825

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most common causes of end-stage renal disease worldwide. ω3-Fatty acids (ω3FAs) were found to attenuate kidney inflammation, glomerulosclerosis, and albuminuria in experimental and clinical studies of DN. As G protein-coupled receptor 120 (GPR120) was firstly identified as the receptor of ω3FAs, we here investigated the function of GPR120 in DN. We first examined the renal biopsies of DN patients, and found that GPR120 expression was negatively correlated with the progression of DN. Immunofluorescence staining analysis revealed that GPR120 protein was mainly located in the podocytes of the glomerulus. A potent and selective GPR120 agonist TUG-891 (35 mg · kg-1 · d-1, ig) was administered to db/db mice for 4 weeks. We showed that TUG-891 administration significantly improved urinary albumin excretion, protected against podocyte injury, and reduced collagen deposition in the glomerulus. In db/db mice, TUG-891 administration significantly inhibited the mRNA and protein expression of fibronectin, collagen IV, α-SMA, TGF-ß1, and IL-6, and downregulated the phosphorylation of Smad3 and STAT3 to alleviate glomerulosclerosis. Similar results were observed in high-glucose-treated MPC5 podocytes in the presence of TUG-891 (10 µM). Furthermore, we showed that TUG-891 effectively upregulated GPR120 expression, and suppressed TAK1-binding protein-1 expression as well as the phosphorylation of TAK1, IKKß, NF-κB p65, JNK, and p38 MAPK in db/db mice and high-glucose-treated MPC5 podocytes. Knockdown of GPR120 in MPC5 podocytes caused the opposite effects of TUG-891. In summary, our results highlight that activation of GPR120 in podocytes ameliorates renal inflammation and fibrosis to protect against DN.

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