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1.
Pediatr Infect Dis J ; 2022 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35067644

RESUMO

Elizabethkingia anophelis, originally isolated from the midgut of Anopheles gambiae in 2011, is an important cause of sepsis in adults and children and meningitis in newborns, with several reported outbreaks worldwide. Accumulating molecular biological and whole-genome sequencing (WGS) evidence suggests that E. anophelis is the major human pathogen belonging to the genus Elizabethkingia. The source of infection, routes of transmission and pathogenicity of E. anophelis are unclear and should be better understood as the bacterium is capable of causing sepsis and meningitis in newborns, with complications and high mortality rates. Here, we describe two healthy neonates who developed meningitis caused by Elizabethkingia infection. Initial conventional laboratory results revealed that the pathogen was E. meningoseptica; metagenomic findings later confirmed it as E. anophelis. We also summarize reported E. anophelis infections among newborns in China and elsewhere and describe the clinical, pathogenic and genetic characteristics of this bacillus.

2.
J Food Sci ; 2022 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35067948

RESUMO

Riclinoctaose was produced by enzymatic hydrolysis of a succinoglycan-type exopolysaccharide riclin. It can be used as a prebiotic to regulate the composition of gut microbiota. Therefore, a safety evaluation is needed. Here, we reported the safety data generated on riclinoctaose. Standard in vitro genotoxicity tests such as the bacterial reverse mutation assay and in vivo micronucleus assay were performed and no mutagenic or clastogenic potential was found. In the acute toxicity study, ICR mice were administered with riclinoctaose via gavage in 14-day studies at the level corresponding to 3000 mg/kg BW/day. In the subchronic study, the diets containing 0%, 1.0%, 2.5%, and 5.0% of riclinoctaose (weight/weight) were prepared for ICR mice for 13 weeks. No test item-related adverse effects were observed in the acute and subchronic studies. No riclinoctaose-induced differences in the overall health, body weight gain, food and water consumption, hematology, blood chemistry, gross pathology, histopathology, or animal death were observed. A no-observed-adverse-effect level of 8842 mg/kg BW/day for male and 9230 mg/kg BW/day for female mice was identified for riclinoctaose when administered for 13 weeks. In conclusion, these findings demonstrated the safety of riclinoctaose and indicated the possibility that riclinoctaose may be used as a functional food. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Functional oligosaccharide is a low-calorie sweetener, which is beneficial to human health. Dietary riclinoctaose can improve intestinal health and understanding the safety of riclinoctaose is the first step to evaluate its potential use in functional food. Therefore, genotoxicity, acute toxicity, and subchronic toxicity of riclinoctaose were studied.

3.
Bioengineered ; 13(2): 3275-3283, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35048779

RESUMO

It has been reported that the expression of tumor suppressor gene N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) was significantly reduced in human solid tumors, including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). This study aimed to explore whether the difference of NDRG2 expression exists in different stages of ESCC and provides a basis for the early diagnosis and prognosis of ESCC. Immunohistochemical staining was used to investigate the expression level of NDRG2 in samples from 91 patients with mild-to-moderate dysplasia, early ESCC, and advanced ESCC. The relationship between the expression of NDRG2 and clinicopathological characteristics of the patients was analyzed. The results showed that positive expression rates of NDRG2 in tissues adjacent to early ESCC (76.7%), or from mild-to-moderate dysplasia (74.1%), and early ESCC (83.3%) were significantly higher than in tissue from advanced ESCC (55.9%). The positive expression rate in advanced ESCC was significantly lower than in the other three tissue types (p < 0.05). There was a significant difference (p < 0.05) and correlation (Cramer's V = 0.351, p = 0.019, <0.05) between the expression of NDRG2 and the clinical stage in the 64 patients with ESCC. In conclusion, this study found that the expression of NDRG2 gradually decreased with the progression of esophageal lesions into advanced ESCC. This difference in positive expression rate was more obvious in male patients and patients under 60 years of age. Therefore, the detection of NDRG2 plays an important role in differentiating early ESCC from advanced ESCC.

4.
Diabetes ; 2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35044447

RESUMO

It was reported previously that circulation levels of kallistatin, an endogenous Wnt signaling inhibitor, are increased in diabetic patients. The present study was to determine the role of kallistatin in delayed wound healing in diabetic cornea. Immunostaining and Western blot analysis showed kallistatin levels were upregulated in diabetic human and rodent corneas. In murine corneal wound healing models, the canonical Wnt signaling was activated in non-diabetic cornea and suppressed in diabetic cornea, correlating with delayed wound healing. Transgenic expression of kallistatin suppressed the activation of Wnt signaling in the cornea and delayed wound healing. Local inhibition of Wnt signaling in the cornea by kallistatin, an LRP6-blocking antibody, or the soluble VLDLR ectodomain (an endogenous Wnt signaling inhibitor) delayed wound healing. In contrast, ablation of VLDLR resulted in overactivation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling and accelerated corneal wound healing. Activation of Wnt signaling in the cornea accelerated wound healing. Activation of Wnt signaling promoted human corneal epithelial cell migration and proliferation, which was attenuated by kallistatin. Our findings suggested that diabetes-induced overexpression of kallistatin contributes to delayed corneal wound healing by inhibiting the canonical Wnt signaling. Thus, kallistatin and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling in the cornea could be potential therapeutic targets for diabetic corneal complications.

5.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids ; 1867(3): 159102, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995790

RESUMO

Quiescent hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) store vitamin A as lipid droplets in the cytoplasm. When activated, these cells lose vitamin A and exhibit an increased capacity for proliferation, mobility, contractility, and the synthesis of collagen and other components of the extracellular matrix. Our previous work demonstrated that the lipid hydrolytic gene pancreatic lipase-related protein 2 (mPlrp2) is involved in the hydrolysis of retinyl esters (REs) in the liver. Here, we showed that bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced liver injury triggered the conditional expression of mPlrp2 in livers and describe evidence of a strong relationship between the expression of mPlrp2 and Acta-2, a marker for activated HSCs. RNA interference targeting mPlrp2 inhibited HSC activation and ameliorated hepatic fibrosis induced by BDL in mice. Liver BDL markedly reduced the adenosine level and increased the ratio between S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) and S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine (SAH). Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analysis demonstrated an increase in trimethylated histone H3K4 at the mPlrp2 promoter in BDL mice, which was associated with the conditional expression of mPlrp2 in the liver. SAM, a well-known hepatoprotective substance, inhibited mPlrp2 expression and reduced RE hydrolysis in mice with hepatic fibrosis induced by chronic CCl4 treatment. Liver fibrosis induced by CCl4 or BDL was improved in Plrp2-/- mice. Our results reveal that mPlrp2 suppression is a potential approach for treating hepatic fibrosis.

6.
Environ Res ; 204(Pt D): 112393, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798119

RESUMO

Exposures to multiple air pollutants during pregnancy have been associated with the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). However, their combined effects are unclear. We aimed to evaluate the combined associations of five air pollutants from pre-pregnancy to the 2nd trimester with GDM. This study included 20,113 participants from the Born in Guangzhou Cohort Study (BIGCS). The inverse distance-weighted models were used to estimate individual air pollutant exposure, namely ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), particulate matter less than 10 µm in diameter (PM10), and less than 2.5 µm in diameter (PM2.5). We estimated stage-specific associations of air pollutants with GDM using generalized estimating equation, and departures from additive joint effects were assessed using the relative excess risk (RERI) and the joint relative risk (JRR). Of the 20,113 participants, 3440 women (17.1%) were diagnosed with GDM. In the adjusted model, increased concentrations of O3 and SO2 3-6 months before pregnancy were associated with GDM occurrence, as well as O3 and PM10 in the 1st trimester, the adjusted relative risk (95% confident intervals) [RRs (95%CI)] ranged from 1.05 (1.00, 1.09) to 1.21 (1.04, 1.40). The largest JRR for GDM was the combination of SO2, NO2, and PM10 in the 1st trimester (JRR = 1.32, 95% CI: 1.10, 1.59). The JRR for O3 and SO2 was less than their additive joint effects [RERI = -0.25 (-0.47, -0.04), P for interaction = 0.048]. Associations of air pollutants with GDM differed somewhat by pre-pregnancy BMI and season. This study added new evidence to the current understanding of the combined effects of multiple air pollutants on GDM. Public health strategies were needed to reduce the adverse effects of air pollution exposure on pregnant women.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 1): 150220, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560453

RESUMO

Using microbial fuel cells with constructed wetlands (MFC-CWs) for eliminating antibiotics has recently attracted extensive attention. However, antibiotic removal efficiencies in MFC-CWs must be enhanced, and the accumulation of antibiotic resistant genes (ARGs) remains an unmanageable issue. This study tries to enhance the antibiotic removal in synthetic wastewater and reduce ARGs by adding sponge iron (s-Fe0) and calcium peroxide to the anode and cathode of MFC-CWs, respectively, and/or simultaneously. The results demonstrated that adding s-Fe0 and calcium peroxide to MFC-CWs could improve the removal efficiencies of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and tetracycline (TC) by 0.8-1.3% and 6.0-8.7%. Therein, s-Fe0 also significantly reduced 84.10-94.11% and 49.61-60.63% of total sul and tet genes, respectively. Furthermore, s-Fe0 improved the voltage output, power density, columbic efficiency, and reduced the internal resistance of reactors. The intensification to the electrode layers posed a significant effect on the microbial community composition and functions, which motivated the shift of antibiotic removal, accumulation of ARGs and bioelectricity generation in MFC-CWs. Given the overall performance of MFC-CWs, adding s-Fe0 to the anode region of MFC-CWs was found to be an effective strategy for removing antibiotics and reducing the accumulation of ARGs.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Áreas Alagadas , Antibacterianos , Eletrodos , Ferro , Águas Residuárias/análise
8.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(23)2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34885407

RESUMO

Bamboo structures have various types of connections, such as bolting and lashing. One crucial issue in bamboo structures is that the connection with bolts and nails has a lower load-carrying capacity associated with the bamboo failure resulting from the bolt or nail invading them. This paper focuses on the connection for raw bamboo members with steel hoops (BHC), of which the two semi-circular steel hoops are fastened to the raw bamboo with high-strength bolts. The sliding friction is controlled by the interfacial pressure, which can be increased by tightening the bolts. A push-out experiment on thirty-six specimens was conducted considering the following two parameters: the different surface conditions of raw bamboo (with or without the epidermis) and the different interfacial pressure. The test results mainly showed the two failure modes of specimens under certain conditions: continuous longitudinal slip after the vertical load reached the peak; and the steel hoop stuck in the bamboo skin after a period of slip. It is found that the sliding friction was controlled by the interfacial pressure, and the difference in the anti-sliding capacity between the epidermal bamboo specimen and the non-epidermal bamboo specimen was magnified with the increase of interfacial pressure. The contact stress on the surface of bamboo is approximately uniformly distributed based on the finite element analyses. The interfacial pressure can be predicted by the torque value of the digital electronic torque wrench and the equations established by mechanical analysis, respectively. Moreover, the design formulae of bearing capacity for BHC under three guaranteed rates (50%, 95%, and 99.9%) were developed based on probability theory, while the fourth design formula was derived by regression analysis. The reliability indices of the four design formulae were up to 0.07, 1.44, 3.09, and 0.97, respectively, and the resistance partial coefficients were suggested accordingly.

9.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 580144, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869398

RESUMO

Background: Timing of initiating continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRTs) among the patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) in intensive care units (ICU) has been discussed over decades, but the definition of early and late CRRT initiation is still unclear. Methods: The English language randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies were searched through MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library on July 19, 2019, by the two researchers independently. The study characteristics; early and late definitions; outcomes, such as all-cause, in-hospital, 28- or 30-, 60-, 90-day mortality; and renal recovery were extracted from the 18 eligible studies. Pooled relative risk ratios (RRs) and 95% CIs were estimated with the fixed effects model and random effects model as appropriate. This study is registered with PROSPERO (CRD 42020158653). Results: Eighteen studies including 3,914 patients showed benefit in earlier CRRT (n = 1,882) over later CRRT (n = 2,032) in all-cause mortality (RR 0.78, 95% CI 0.66-0.92), in-hospital mortality (RR 0.81, 95% CI 0.67-0.99), and 28- or 30-day mortality (RR 0.81, 95% CI 0.74-0.88), but in 60- and 90-day mortalities, no significant benefit was observed. The subgroup analysis showed significant benefit in the disease-severity-based subgroups on early CRRT initiation in terms of in-hospital mortality and 28- or 30-day mortality rather than the time-based subgroups. Moreover, early CRRT was found to have beneficial effects on renal recovery after CRRT (RR 1.21, 95% CI 1.01-1.45). Conclusions: Overall, compared with late CRRT, early CRRT is beneficial for short-term survival and renal recovery, especially when the timing was defined based on the disease severity. CRRT initiation on Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) stage 1 or Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss of kidney function, and End-stage kidney disease (RIFLE)-Risk or less may lead to a better prognosis.

10.
World Neurosurg ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34861452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioma is the most malignant tumors of the central nervous system with a poor prognosis. Pyroptosis is known to regulate the malignant phenotype of tumor cells, thus affecting the prognosis of patients. However, the role of pyroptosis-related gens (PRGs) in glioma remains unclear. METHODS: We used the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) and Rembrandt database of glioma patients to construct a PRGs-based prognostic model, and analyzed the relationship between the prognostic model and tumor immune microenvironment. The Wilcox test to compare the expression of PRGs in glioma and normal tissues based on TCGA. Univariate Cox and LASSO regression were used to construct the prognostic model, CGGA and Rembrandt database were used as validation sets to validate the model. RESULTS: Five genes were included in the model, namely BAX, CASP1, CASP3, CASP6 and NOD1. The survival rate of patients in the high-risk group was much lower than that in the low-risk group. The receiver operating characteristic curve showed that the model had good prognostic evaluation ability and accuracy in all three glioma patient cohorts. The correlation analysis between the prognostic model and immune infiltration showed that the degree of immune cell infiltration, immune response process and the expression level of immune checkpoints in the high-risk group were higher than those in the low-risk group. CONCLUSIOS: We have constructed a reliable PRGs-related prognostic model, which can provide reference for the prognostic evaluation of glioma patients.

11.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(12): 4475-4487, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951289

RESUMO

Understanding the process of nitrogen flow, emission, and utilization in rural systems is of great importance to reduce pollutant emissions caused by agricultural activities and to promote the sustainable utilization of nutrient resources. Based on the NUFER (nutrient flow in food chain, environment and resources use) model and nitrogen footprint approach, we proposed a nitrogen accounting framework for municipal-scale rural systems, and conducted a quantitative and time series-based comparative study on nitrogen flow, recycling, and footprint from the perspective of three subsystems, namely planting, animal husbandry, and rural human settlement in Shenyang from 1998 to 2018. The results showed that: 1) nitrogen utilization rates of the planting subsystem, animal husbandry subsystem, and rural human settlement subsystem were 36.1%, 59.7%, and 70.1%, respectively in 2018, with a growth rate of 15.9%, 9.1%, and 0.7% respectively compared to 1998; 2) The total polluted nitrogen footprint in Shenyang grew rapidly from 1998 to 2014, but declined from 2014 to 2018. In 2018, the total footprint of nitrogen pollution was 123.5 Gg, increasing by 21.6% compared with 1998; 3) In 2018, the unused nitrogen in the planting subsystem, animal husbandry subsystem, and rural human settlement subsystem were 129.5, 62.2, and 8.7 Gg, respectively, which were equivalent to 420.4, 202.1, and 8.7 Gg of nutrient resources from nitrogen fertilizer, respectively. In general, the nitrogen use efficiency of rural system increased gradually from the production end to the consumption end, but the temporal and spatial variation of nitrogen in rural systems need further studies.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Nitrogênio , Animais , China , Fertilizantes , Humanos , População Rural
12.
Front Immunol ; 12: 697071, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745088

RESUMO

Background: High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) causes microvascular endothelial cell barrier dysfunction during acute lung injury (ALI) in sepsis, but the mechanisms have not been well understood. We studied the roles of RAGE and Rho kinase 1 (ROCK1) in HMGB1-induced human pulmonary endothelial barrier disruption. Methods: In the present study, the recombinant human high mobility group box 1 (rhHMGB1) was used to stimulate human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs). The endothelial cell (EC) barrier permeability was examined by detecting FITC-dextran flux. CCK-8 assay was used to detect cell viability under rhHMGB1 treatments. The expression of related molecules involved in RhoA/ROCK1 pathway, phosphorylation of myosin light chain (MLC), F-actin, VE-cadherin and ZO-1 of different treated groups were measured by pull-down assay, western blot and immunofluorescence. Furthermore, we studied the effects of Rho kinase inhibitor (Y-27632), ROCK1/2 siRNA, RAGE-specific blocker (FPS-ZM1) and RAGE siRNA on endothelial barrier properties to elucidate the related mechanisms. Results: In the present study, we demonstrated that rhHMGB1 induced EC barrier hyperpermeability in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner by measuring FITC-dextran flux, a reflection of the loss of EC barrier integrity. Moreover, rhHMGB1 induced a dose-dependent and time-dependent increases in paracellular gap formation accompanied by the development of stress fiber rearrangement and disruption of VE-cadherin and ZO-1, a phenotypic change related to increased endothelial contractility and endothelial barrier permeability. Using inhibitors and siRNAs directed against RAGE and ROCK1/2, we systematically determined that RAGE mediated the rhHMGB1-induced stress fiber reorganization via RhoA/ROCK1 signaling activation and the subsequent MLC phosphorylation in ECs. Conclusion: HMGB1 is capable of disrupting the endothelial barrier integrity. This study demonstrates that HMGB1 activates RhoA/ROCK1 pathway via RAGE, which phosphorylates MLC inducing stress fiber formation at short time, and HMGB1/RAGE reduces AJ/TJ expression at long term independently of RhoA/ROCK1 signaling pathway.

13.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 745425, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721034

RESUMO

Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury is a major trigger of acute kidney injury and leads to permanent renal impairment, and effective therapies remain unresolved. Riclinoctaose is an immunomodulatory octasaccharide composed of glucose and galactose monomers. Here we investigated whether riclinoctaose protects against renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. In mice, pretreatment with riclinoctaose significantly improved renal function, structure, and the inflammatory response after renal ischemia-reperfusion. Flow cytometry analysis revealed that riclinoctaose inhibited ischemia-reperfusion-induced M1 macrophage polarization and facilitated M2 macrophage recruitment into the kidneys. In isolated mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages, pretreatment with riclinoctaose promoted the macrophage polarization toward M2-like phenotype. The inhibitor of Nrf-2/HO-1 brusatol diminished the effects of riclinoctaose on macrophage polarization. In mice, intravenous injection with riclinoctaose-pretreated bone marrow-derived macrophages also protected against renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. Fluorescence-labeled riclinoctaose specifically bound to the membrane of macrophages. Interfering with mDC-SIGN blocked the riclinoctaose function on M2 polarization of macrophages, consequently impairing the renoprotective effect of riclinoctaose. Our results revealed that riclinoctaose is a potential therapeutic agent in preventing renal ischemia-reperfusion injury.

14.
Front Oncol ; 11: 673780, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34796102

RESUMO

Background: Glioma is the most frequent malignant primary brain tumor in adults. Objective: To explore the role of sperm-associated antigen 5 (SPAG5) in glioma. Methods: The association between SPAG5 expression and clinical features was investigated based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets. The function of SPAG5 in glioma was analyzed using U87 and U251 cells. Knockdown glioma cells were constructed by shRNA interference. qRT-PCR and Western blotting were used to measure the expression of SPAG5 and Cadherin 2 (CDH2). Cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, caspase 3/7 assay, and high-content screening (HCS) proliferation analysis and colony formation assay. Transwell assays and wound-healing assays were used to investigate cell migration and invasion. Results: The increased expression of SPAG5 was correlated with poor outcomes in glioma patients. Knocking down SPAG5 could inhibit the proliferation and colony formation and promoted the apoptosis of glioma cells. Knocking down SPAG5 could also inhibit cell migration and invasion and the expression of CDH2. Overexpression of CDH2 with SPAG5 depletion could restore the proliferation and inhibit the apoptosis of glioma cells, which also promoted cell migration and invasion. Conclusions: SPAG5 is a promising prognostic factor and potential therapeutic target for clinical intervention in glioma.

15.
Front Pediatr ; 9: 728462, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34796151

RESUMO

Previous studies pointed out that a variety of microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the pathogenesis of neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome (NARDS) and play different roles in the pathological process. However, there have been few studies reporting the connection between circular RNA (circRNA) and NARDS, so the expression profile of circRNAs in newborns with acute respiratory distress syndrome remains largely unknown. In the present study, 10 samples obtained from remaining clinical blood samples of newborns hospitalized in a neonatal ward of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2020 to October 2020 were divided into the "NARDS" group and "non-NARDS" group according to the Montelux standard and then were analyzed in microarray, and 10 other samples collected from the same place and from January 1, 2021 to August 31, 2021, were used to do RT-qPCR experiment. circRNA expression profiles, in which 741 circRNAs were downregulated and 588 were upregulated, were screened with circRNA high-throughput sequencing. Subsequently, Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis of parent genes of the differentially expressed circRNAs revealed that these circRNAs may be related to the process of protein synthesis and metabolism in NARDS. Moreover, five circRNAs-hsa_circ_0058495, hsa_circ_0000367, hsa_circ_0005389, hsa_circ_0059571, and hsa_circ_0006608-were selected randomly among the top 10 circRNAs of the downregulated or upregulated expression profiles. Then, bioinformatics tools were used to predict correlative miRNA and its target genes, which were also subjected to the same bioinformatics analysis for further study. The top 30 enriched KEGG pathway analyses of the 125 target genes suggested that these target genes are widely involved in the synthesis and secretion of endocrine hormones, and the top 30 enriched GO terms based on the 125 target genes are also focused on the protein and DNA processing. Thus, the present results show that circRNAs could promote the inflammation of NARDS which may provide a new therapeutic direction and it can be used as molecular markers for early diagnosis of NARDS, but further molecular biology verification is needed to define the specific role of differentially expressed circRNAs in NARDS.

16.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34845826

RESUMO

Rice (Oryza sativa) is a major crop that feeds billions of people, and its yield is strongly influenced by flowering time (heading date). Loss of RICE INDETERMINATE1 (RID1) function causes plants not to flower; thus, RID1 is considered a master switch among flowering-related genes. However, it remains unclear whether other proteins function together with RID1 to regulate rice floral transition. Here, we revealed that the chromatin accessibility and H3K9ac, H3K4me3, and H3K36me3 levels at Heading date 3a (Hd3a) and RICE FLOWERING LOCUS T1 (RFT1) loci were significantly reduced in rid1 mutants. Notably, RID1 interacted with SET DOMAIN GROUP PROTEIN 722 (SDG722), a methyltransferase. We determined that SDG722 affects the global level of H3K4me2/3 and H3K36me2/3, and promotes flowering primarily through the Early heading date1 (Ehd1)-Hd3a/RFT1 pathway. We further established that rice DELLA protein SLENDER RICE1 (SLR1) interacted with RID1 to inhibit its transactivation activity, that SLR1 suppresses rice flowering, and that mRNA and protein levels of SLR1 gradually decrease with plant growth. Furthermore, SLR1 competed with SDG722 for interaction with RID1. Overall, our results establish that interplay between RID1, SLR1, and SDG722 feeds into rice flowering-time control. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

17.
Food Funct ; 12(22): 11611-11624, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34714317

RESUMO

Bacterial succinoglycan is found suitable as a viscosifying and emulsifying agent in the food industry. Riclin is a de-succinyl succinoglycan from an Agrobacterium isolate. Our previous study has revealed that riclin exerts special anti-inflammatory effects in vitro and in vivo. This study aims to determine the effects of riclin on preventing against immunological injury of beta cells in a type 1 diabetic model. We found that orally riclin effectively restores beta-cell function and improves the complications of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. Riclin also reduces STZ-induced liver and kidney damage, and balances the inappropriate ratio of T helper type 1 cell (Th1)/type 2 cell (Th2) in the spleen and pancreatic draining lymph nodes of the STZ-induced diabetic mice. In a co-culture system with the islet ß cell MIN6 and macrophage RAW 264.7, riclin reduces the levels of IFN-γ and IL-1ß, protecting against STZ-caused MIN6 cell injury. We identified that riclin specifically binds to the membrane of macrophages and regulates the ratio of IL-10 and IL-12, thereby inhibiting the macrophage-mediated polarization of Th1 cells and promoting the differentiation of Th2 cells, which depends on the dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) receptor. Moreover, orally riclin significantly decreases the incidence of STZ-induced hyperglycemia (7.1% in riclin vs. 92.9% in STZ), and prevents autoimmune diabetes in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice, with 87.5% of mice free of diabetes compared to 46.6% of the control mice. These results suggest that riclin has potential to be a functional food to prevent and improve autoimmune diabetes and related diseases.

18.
Phys Rev E ; 104(3-1): 034214, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34654141

RESUMO

We analytically and numerically study the different types of solitary wave in the two-component helicoidal spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs). Adopting the multiscale perturbation method, we derive the analytical bright and dark solitary wave solutions of the system, and the stationary and moving bright (dark) solitary waves are obtained. The effects of spin-orbit coupling, the helicoidal gauge potential, the momentum, the Zeeman splitting, and the atomic interactions on the solitary wave types are discussed, and it is found that the coupling of these physical parameters can manipulate different types of solitary waves in the system. The results indicate that the helicoidal gauge potential breaks the symmetric properties of the energy band of the system and adjusts the energy band structure, thus further effecting the solitary wave properties, i.e., stationary or moving solitary wave, bright, or dark solitary wave. Correspondingly, the analytical predictions for exciting stationary or moving bright (dark) solitary wave in parameter space are obtained. In particular, the helicoidal gauge potential changes the solitary wave types drastically for the weak spin-orbit coupling, i.e., in the absence of the helicoidal gauge potential, only dark (bright) solitary wave solutions exist in the system with repulsive (attractive) atomic interaction; however, in the presence of the helicoidal gauge potential, both dark and bright solitary waves can exist in the system regardless of whether the atomic interaction is repulsive or attractive. In addition, we investigate the stability of solitary waves and obtain the stability regions of different types of solitary waves by applying the linear stability analysis. The dynamic evolution results of the solitary waves by the direct numerical simulation not only validate the linear stability analysis but also confirm the analytical prediction of the solitary waves. Finally, the collision effects between solitary waves are also presented by the numerical simulation. It is shown that the interactions between solitary waves in the system have both elastic and inelastic collisions, which are closely related to the position of solitary wave states in the linear energy band. Our results provide a potential way to adjust the types of solitary waves in BECs with helicoidal gauge potential.

19.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 471, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34654373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heterotrimeric G-proteins, composed of Gα, Gß and Gγ subunits, are important signal transmitters, mediating the cellular response to multiple stimuli in animals and plants. The Gγ subunit is an essential component of the G-protein, providing appropriate functional specificity to the heterotrimer complex and has been well studied in many species. However, the evolutionary history, expression pattern and functional characteristics of Gγ subunits has not been explored in the Rosaceae, representing many important fruit crops. RESULTS: In this study, 35 Gγ subunit genes were identified from the eight species belonging to the Rosaceae family. Based on the structural gene characteristics, conserved protein motifs and phylogenetic analysis of the Gγ subunit genes, the genes were classified into three clades. Purifying selection was shown to play an important role in the evolution of Gγ subunit genes, while a recent whole-genome duplication event was the principal force determining the expansion of the Gγ subunit gene family in the subfamily Maloideae. Gγ subunit genes exhibited diverse spatiotemporal expression patterns in Chinese white pear, including fruit, root, ovary and bud, and under abiotic stress conditions, the relative expression of Gγ subunit genes were up-regulated or down-regulated. In addition, seven of the Gγ subunit proteins in pear were located on the plasma membrane, in the cytoplasm or nucleus. CONCLUSION: Overall, this study of the Gγ subunit gene family in eight Rosaceae species provided useful information to better understand the evolution and expression of these genes and facilitated further exploration of their functions in these important crop plants.


Assuntos
Subunidades gama da Proteína de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Genoma de Planta/genética , Família Multigênica/genética , Pyrus/genética , Rosaceae/genética , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Evolução Molecular , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Estresse Fisiológico
20.
FASEB J ; 35(11): e22006, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34694646

RESUMO

The goal of preimplantation development is to establish the fates of the embryonic and extra-embryonic cells. However, when and how cell fates are determined during early mammalian embryonic development remains unclear. We report that the high mobility group (HMG) protein family member HMGA1 was distributed differentially in mouse two-cell blastomeres. Knockdown of Hmga1 expression in one of the two cells reduced the number of cells contributing to the inner cell mass (ICM), suggesting that differential distribution of HMGA1 in the blastomeres in two-cell mouse embryos affected the selection of embryonic cell lineages. Mechanistically, HMGA1 promotes the expression of the ICM-specific gene Sox2. The results of this study show that mouse embryos demonstrate heterogeneity as early as the two-cell stage, and that these differences are related to cell-fate differentiation in early mouse embryos.


Assuntos
Embrião de Mamíferos/embriologia , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Proteína HMGA1a/metabolismo , Oócitos , RNA Mensageiro Estocado/metabolismo , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Camundongos , Oócitos/citologia , Oócitos/metabolismo , Gravidez
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