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1.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2239: 117-133, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226616

RESUMO

Peripheral blood is an easily accessible cell resource for reprogramming into pluripotency by episomal vectors. Here, we describe an approach for efficient generation of integration-free induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) under feeder or feeder-free conditions. Additionally, in combination with the CRISPR-Cas9 genome-editing system, we can directly generate edited iPSCs from blood cells. With this protocol, one can easily generate either integration-free iPSCs or genetically edited iPSCs from peripheral blood at high efficiency.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: During COVID-19 outbreak, restrictions to in-person consultations were introduced with a rise in telehealth. An indirect benefit of telehealth could be better attendance. This study aimed to assess "failure-to-attend" (FTA) rate and satisfaction for two endoscopy-related compulsory telehealth clinics during the COVID-19 outbreak. METHODS: Consecutive patients booked for endoscopy-related telehealth clinics at a tertiary hospital were prospectively assessed. In-person clinic control data were assessed retrospectively. Sample size was calculated to detect an anticipated increase in attendance of 8%. Secondary outcomes included FTA differences between clinics and evaluation of patients and doctors satisfaction. Satisfaction was assessed based on six Likert scale questions used in previous telehealth research and asked to both patients and doctors (6Q_score). This study was exempt from IRB review after institutional IRB review. RESULTS: There were 691 patients booked for appointments in our endoscopy clinics during the study periods (373 in 2020). FTA rates were lowered by half during the compulsory telehealth clinics (12.6% to 6.4%, P < 0.01). The patient 6Q_score was higher for the advanced endoscopy clinic (84.6% vs 73.8%, P < 0.01), while the doctor 6Q_score was similar between both advanced clinics and post endoscopy clinics (91.1% vs 92.5% respectively, P = 0.80). An in-person follow-up consultation was suggested for 3.5% of the appointments, while the necessity of physical examination was flagged in 5.1%. CONCLUSIONS: The use of phone consultations in endoscopy-related clinics during the COVID-19 outbreak has improved FTA rates while demonstrating high satisfaction rates. The need for in-person follow-up consultations and physical examination were low.

3.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 1018, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between immune-related adverse events (irAEs) and survival outcomes in patients with advanced melanoma receiving therapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has not been well established, particularly in Asian melanoma. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 49 melanoma patients undergoing therapy with ICIs (anti-PD-1 monotherapy), and analyzed the correlation between irAEs and clinical outcomes including progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Overall, the patients who experienced grade 1-2 irAEs had longer PFS (median PFS, 4.6 vs. 2.5 months; HR, 0.52; 95% CI: 0.27-0.98; p = 0.042) and OS (median OS, 15.2 vs. 5.7 months; HR, 0.50; 95% CI: 0.24-1.02; p = 0.058) than the patients who did not experience irAEs. Regarding the type of irAE, the patients with either skin/vitiligo or endocrine irAEs showed better PFS (median PFS, 6.1 vs. 2.7 months; HR, 0.40, 95% CI: 0.21-0.74; p = 0.003) and OS (median OS, 18.7 vs. 4.5 months; HR, 0.34, 95% CI: 0.17-0.69, p = 0.003) than patients without any of these irAEs. CONCLUSIONS: Melanoma patients undergoing anti-PD-1 monotherapy and experiencing mild-to-moderate irAEs (grade 1-2), particularly skin (vitiligo)/endocrine irAEs had favorable survival outcomes. Therefore, the association between irAEs and the clinical outcomes in melanoma patients undergoing anti-PD-1 ICIs may be severity and type dependent.

4.
J Clin Invest ; 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33108353

RESUMO

Small extracellular vesicles (SEVs) are functional messengers of certain cellular niches to permit non-contact cell communications. Whether niche-specific SEVs fulfill this role in cancer is unclear. Here, we used seven cell-type specific mouse Cre lines to conditionally knockout Vps33b in Cdh5+ or Tie2+ endothelial cells (ECs), Lepr+ bone marrow perivascular cells, Osx+ osteo-progenitor cells (OPCs), Pf4+ megakaryocytes and Tcf21+ spleen stromal cells. We then examined the effects of reduced SEV secretion on progression of MLL-AF9 induced acute myeloid leukemia (AML) as well as normal hematopoiesis. Blocking SEV secretion from ECs, but not perivascular cells, megakaryocytes or spleen stromal cells, markedly delayed the leukemia progression. Notably, reducing SEV production from ECs had no effect on normal hematopoiesis. Protein analysis showed that EC-derived SEVs contained a high level of ANGPTL2, which accelerated leukemia progression via binding to LILRB2 receptor. Moreover, ANGPTL2-SEVs released from ECs were governed by VPS33B. Importantly, ANGPTL2-SEVs were also required for primary human AML cell maintenance. These findings demonstrate a role of niche-specific SEVs in cancer development and suggest that targeting ANGPTL2-SEVs from ECs might be a potential strategy to interfere certain types of AML.

5.
Matrix Biol ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068727

RESUMO

Disturbed flow leads to increased inflammatory responses of endothelial cells (ECs) prone to atherogenic state. Currently, little is known about the physiological mechanisms protecting vasculature against disturbed flow-activated ECs leading to atherosclerosis. Understanding the protective mediators involved in EC activation could provide novel therapeutic strategies for atherosclerosis. The extracellular matrix microenvironment profoundly regulates cellular homeostasis. A non-EC resident ECM protein, cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), has diverse protective roles in the cardiovascular system. To determine whether COMP could protect against disturbed flow-activated EC and atherosclerosis, we compared oscillatory shear stress (OSS) induced EC activation coated with various ECM proteins. Purified COMP inhibited EC activation caused by OSS. EC activation was upregulated in the aortic arch where the flow is disturbed in COMP-/- mice as compared with wild-type mice under physiological conditions or pathologically in partially ligated mouse carotid arteries. Mechanistically, co-immunoprecipitation, mammalian two-hybrid and FRET assay results suggest that COMP bound directly to integrin α5 via its C-terminus. We next synthesized a COMP-derived peptidomimetics (CCPep24) mimicking a specific COMP-integrin α5 interaction and found that CCPep24 protected against EC activation and atherogenesis in vivo. This study extends our current understanding of how ECM and flow coordinately fine-tune EC homeostasis and reveals the potential therapeutic effect of COMP or COMP-derived peptidomimetics on blocking aberrant integrin α5 activation, inflammatory EC activation and atherosclerosis pathogenesis.

6.
Oncogene ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037410

RESUMO

Epigenetic regulations play crucial roles in leukemogenesis and leukemia progression. SUV39H1 is the dominant H3K9 methyltransferase in the hematopoietic system, and its expression declines with aging. However, the role of SUV39H1 via its-mediated repressive modification H3K9me3 in leukemogenesis/leukemia progression remains to be explored. We found that SUV39H1 was down-regulated in a variety of leukemias, including MLL-r AML, as compared with normal individuals. Decreased levels of Suv39h1 expression and genomic H3K9me3 occupancy were observed in LSCs from MLL-r-induced AML mouse models in comparison with that of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells. Suv39h1 overexpression increased leukemia latency and decreased the frequency of LSCs in MLL-r AML mouse models, while Suv39h1 knockdown accelerated disease progression with increased number of LSCs. Increased Suv39h1 expression led to the inactivation of Hoxb13 and Six1, as well as reversion of Hoxa9/Meis1 downstream target genes, which in turn decelerated leukemia progression. Interestingly, Hoxb13 expression is up-regulated in MLL-AF9-induced AML cells, while knockdown of Hoxb13 in MLL-AF9 leukemic cells significantly prolonged the survival of leukemic mice with reduced LSC frequencies. Our data revealed that SUV39H1 functions as a tumor suppressor in MLL-AF9-induced AML progression. These findings provide the direct link of SUV39H1 to AML development and progression.

7.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16791, 2020 10 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033333

RESUMO

cis-Abienol, a natural diterpene-diol isolated from balsam fir (Abies balsamea), can be employed as precursors for the semi-synthesis of amber compounds, which are sustainable replacement for ambergris and widely used in the fragmented industry. This study combinatorially co-expressed geranyl diphosphate synthase, geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase, Labda-13-en-8-ol diphosphate synthase and diterpene synthase, with the best combination achieving ~ 0.3 mg/L of cis-abienol. An additional enhancement of cis-abienol production (up to 8.6 mg/L) was achieved by introducing an exogenous mevalonate pathway which was divided into the upper pathway containing acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase/HMG-CoA reductase and HMG-CoA synthase and the lower pathway containing mevalonate kinase, phosphomevalonate kinase, pyrophosphate mevalonate decarboxylase and isopentenyl pyrophosphate isomerase. The genetically modified strain carrying chromosomal copy of low genes of the mevalonate with the trc promoter accumulated cis-abienol up to 9.2 mg/L in shake flask. Finally, cis-abienol titers of ~ 220 mg/L could be achieved directly from glucose using this de novo cis-abienol-producing E. coli in high-cell-density fermentation. This study demonstrates a microbial process to apply the E. coli cell factory in the biosynthesis of cis-abienol.

8.
Phytomedicine ; 79: 153330, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32932202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compound Dan Zhi tablet (DZT) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine formula. It has been used for the treatment of ischemic stroke for many years in clinical. However, its pharmacological mechanism is unclear. PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to understand the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of DZT on ischemic stroke. METHODS: Fifteen representative chemical markers in DZT were determined by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS). The protective effect of DZT against ischemic stroke was studied in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), and the mechanism was further explored through a combination of network pharmacology and experimental verification. RESULTS: Quantitative analysis showed that the contents of phenolic acids, furan sulfonic acids, tanshinones, flavonoids, saponins and phthalides in DZT were calculated as 7.47, 0.788, 0.627, 0.531 and 0.256 mg/g, respectively. Phenolic acids were the most abundant constituents. Orally administered DZT (1.701 g kg-1) significantly alleviated the infarct size and neurological scores in MCAO rats. The network analysis predicted that 53 absorbed active compounds in DZT-treated plasma targeted 189 proteins and 47 pathways. Ten pathways were associated with anti-platelet activity. In further experiments, DZT (0.4 and 0.8 mg mL-1) markedly inhibited in vitro prostaglandin G/H synthase 1 (PTGS1) activity. DZT (0.4 and 0.8 mg mL-1) significantly inhibited in vitro platelet aggregation in response to ADP or AA. DZT (113 and 226 mg kg-1, p.o.) also produced a marked inhibition of ADP- or AA-induced ex vivo platelet aggregation with a short duration of action. DZT decreased the level of thromboxane A2 (TXA2) in MCAO rats. In the carrageenan-induced tail thrombosis model and ADP-induced acute pulmonary thromboembolism mice model, DZT (113 and 226 mg kg-1, p.o.) prevented thrombus formation. Importantly, DZT (113 and 226 mg kg-1, p.o.) exhibited a low bleeding liability. CONCLUSION: DZT protected against cerebral ischemic injury. The inhibition of TXA2 level, platelet aggregation and thrombosis formation might involve in the protective mechanism.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32875974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Buyang Huanwu Tang (BYHWT) and relevant Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has its unique advantages in the treatment of cerebral ischemia. However, its pharmacological mechanism have not been fully explained. OBJECTIVE: Base on the multi-component, also the entire disease network targets, the present study set out to identify major bioactive ingredients, key disease targets, and pathways of BYHWT against cerebral ischemia disease by systematic pharmacological methodology. METHODS: Both the bioactive compounds from the BYHWT and the positive drugs against cerebral ischemia were fully investigated. The binding targets of the positive drugs were then obtained. A virtual screening protocol was then used to highlight the compound-target interaction. And network was constructed to visual the compound-target binding effect after docking analysis. Moreover,the targets enrichment analysis for biological processes and pathways were revealed to further explore the function of bio-targets protein gene and its role in the signal pathway. RESULTS: A total of 382 active ingredients of the BYHWT and 23 candidate disease targets were identified. Virtual screening results indicated that multiple bioactive compounds targeted multiple proteins. Each compounds act on one or more targets. The mechanisms were linked to 20 signaling pathways, and the key mechanism was related to serotonergic synapse, calcium signaling pathway and camp signaling pathways. CONCLUSION: The present study explored the bioactive ingredients and mechanisms of BYHWT against cerebral ischemia by systematic pharmacological methodology. the novel methodology would provide a reference for the lead discovery of precursors, disease mechanism and material base for TCM.

10.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 18(1): 126, 2020 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most fatal malignancies. Surgical resection supplemented by chemotherapy remains the major therapeutic regimen, but with unavoidable resistance and systemic toxic reaction. Curcumin is a known safe natural compound that can effectively eliminate pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells in vitro, making it a promising candidate for substitution in subsequent chemotherapy. However, due to its extremely low bioavailability caused by its insolubility and circular elimination, curcumin had an unexpectedly modest therapeutic effect in clinical trials. RESULTS: Here, we electrospun curcumin/gelatin-blended nanofibrous mat to largely improve curcumin's bioavailability by local controlled-release. With characterization by scanning electron microscopy, fluorescence microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and high-performance liquid chromatography, it was revealed that curcumin was uniformly dispersed in the fiber of the mats with nanoscopic dimensions and could be continuously released into the surrounding medium for days. The cancer inhibitory effects of nano-curcumin and underlying mechanisms were further explored by assays using pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell and experiments using xenograft model. The results showed the released nano-curcumin could effectively inhibit pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell proliferation not only in vitro, but more importantly in vivo. This cytotoxic effect of nano-curcumin against pancreatic adenocarcinoma was achieved through provoking the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species and activating endoplasmic reticulum stress, which leads to enhanced cell apoptosis via decreased phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3. CONCLUSIONS: Clinically, curcumin/gelatin-blended nanofibrous mat could be a promising, secure, efficient and affordable substitutional agent for the elimination of residual cancer cells after tumor resection. Moreover, our strategy to obtain curcumin released from nanofibrous mat may provide a universally applicable approach for the study of the therapeutic effects and molecular mechanisms of other potential medicines with low bioavailability.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e21663, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF) is increasing yearly, accounting for approximately half of all heart failure cases. Even after standardized treatment, the patient's prognosis is not good. Therefore, it is necessary to explore new treatment methods for HFNEF. Yangyin Shuxin Decoction, a traditional Chinese medicine prescription from our clinical experience in the treatment of HFNEF, has a potential cardioprotective effect. Preliminary clinical trials have shown that this prescription can improve the quality of life of HFNEF. This prompted us to use more objective indicators to further evaluate whether Yangyin Shuxin Decoction can improve the exercise capacity in HENEF patients. METHODS: This is a single-center parallel randomized controlled trial. The 64 patients who met the inclusion criteria were from the Cardiovascular Clinic. They will be randomly assigned to the treatment group (Yangying Shuxin Decoction combined with standard treatment) or the control group (standard treatment) according to the ratio of 1:1. The course of treatment will be 2 weeks. Both groups were interviewed at the following time points: of at enrollment (V1), and week 2 (V2), week 4 (V3), week 8 (V4), and week 12 (V5) after enrollment. The primary indicator is the peak oxygen consumption (Peak VO2) of the cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). Secondary indicators include CPET indicators such as anaerobic threshold oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide ventilation equivalent slope, echocardiographic indicators such as the ratio of mitral peak velocity of early filling to early diastolic mitral annular velocity(E/e'), left atrial volume index (LAVI), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), the peak velocity of tricuspid regurgitation (TR), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), New York Heart Association (NYHA) cardiac function grading, and so on. These indicators will be used to evaluate the effect of Yangyin Shuxin Decoction on exercise capacity in patients with HFNEF. DISCUSSION: At present, it is unclear whether the exercise capacity can be maintained after long-term use of Yangyin Shuxin Decoction. In this study, we will evaluate whether Yangyin Shuxin Decoction can improve the exercise capacity and quality of life of patients with HFNEF. This will provide an objective basis for the therapeutic effect of traditional Chinese medicine on HFNEF. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol has been listed in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (registration number: ChiCTR-IOR-17014206, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=24304) on December 28, 2017.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Ecocardiografia , Teste de Esforço , Tolerância ao Exercício , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Consumo de Oxigênio/efeitos dos fármacos , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Síndrome , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 128, 2020 09 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32977829

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a fatal hematopoietic malignancy and has a prognosis that varies with its genetic complexity. However, there has been no appropriate integrative analysis on the hierarchy of different AML subtypes. METHODS: Using Microwell-seq, a high-throughput single-cell mRNA sequencing platform, we analyzed the cellular hierarchy of bone marrow samples from 40 patients and 3 healthy donors. We also used single-cell single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing to investigate the clonal heterogeneity of AML cells. RESULTS: From the integrative analysis of 191727 AML cells, we established a single-cell AML landscape and identified an AML progenitor cell cluster with novel AML markers. Patients with ribosomal protein high progenitor cells had a low remission rate. We deduced two types of AML with diverse clinical outcomes. We traced mitochondrial mutations in the AML landscape by combining Microwell-seq with SMRT sequencing. We propose the existence of a phenotypic "cancer attractor" that might help to define a common phenotype for AML progenitor cells. Finally, we explored the potential drug targets by making comparisons between the AML landscape and the Human Cell Landscape. CONCLUSIONS: We identified a key AML progenitor cell cluster. A high ribosomal protein gene level indicates the poor prognosis. We deduced two types of AML and explored the potential drug targets. Our results suggest the existence of a cancer attractor.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959660

RESUMO

Developing efficient Pt-based electrocatalysts for the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) is of pivotal importance for large-scale application of direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs), but Pt suffers from severe deactivation brought by the carbonaceous intermediates such as CO. Here, we demonstrate the formation of a bismuth oxyhydroxide (BiOx(OH)y)-Pt inverse interface via electrochemical reconstruction for enhanced methanol oxidation. By combining density functional theory calculations, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and electrochemical characterizations, we reveal that the BiOx(OH)y-Pt inverse interface can induce the electron deficiency of neighboring Pt; this would result in weakened CO adsorption and strengthened OH adsorption, thereby facilitating the removal of the poisonous intermediates and ensuring the high activity and good stability of Pt2Bi sample. This work provides a comprehensive understanding of the inverse interface structure and deep insight into the active sites for MOR, offering great opportunities for rational fabrication of efficient electrocatalysts for DMFCs.

14.
Cell Rep ; 32(13): 108206, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997998

RESUMO

Spatiotemporal chromatin reorganization during hematopoietic differentiation has not been comprehensively characterized, mainly because of the large numbers of starting cells required for current chromatin conformation capture approaches. Here, we introduce a low-input tagmentation-based Hi-C (tagHi-C) method to capture the chromatin structures of hundreds of cells. Using tagHi-C, we are able to map the spatiotemporal dynamics of chromatin structure in ten primary hematopoietic stem, progenitor, and differentiated cell populations from mouse bone marrow. Our results reveal that changes in compartment dynamics and the Rabl configuration occur during hematopoietic cell differentiation. We identify gene-body-associating domains (GADs) as general structures for highly expressed genes. Moreover, we extend the body of knowledge regarding genes influenced by genome-wide association study (GWAS) loci through spatial chromatin looping. Our study provides the tagHi-C method for studying the three-dimensional (3D) genome of a small number of cells and maps the comprehensive 3D chromatin landscape of bone marrow hematopoietic cells.

15.
Cell Rep ; 32(5): 107990, 2020 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32755583

RESUMO

The Hippo/Yes-associated protein (YAP) pathway has pivotal roles in innate immune responses against pathogens in macrophages. However, the role of YAP in macrophages during atherosclerosis and its mechanism of YAP activation remain unknown. Here, we find that YAP overexpression in myeloid cells aggravates atherosclerotic lesion size and infiltration of macrophages, whereas YAP deficiency reduces atherosclerotic plaque. Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), a downstream effector of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), triggers YAP ubiquitination at K252, which interrupts the interaction between YAP and angiomotin and results in enhanced YAP nuclear translocation. The recombinant IL-1 receptor antagonist anakinra reduces atherosclerotic lesion formation, which is abrogated by YAP overexpression. YAP level is increased in human and mouse atherosclerotic vessels, and plasma IL-1ß level in patients with STEMI is correlated with YAP protein level in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. These findings elucidate a mechanism of YAP activation, which might be a therapeutic target for atherosclerosis.

16.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(4): 1349-1356, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798425

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of PDGFRα+ stromal cells derived SCF on hematopoiesis of adult mice. METHODS: Pdgfrα-CreER; R26-tdTomato mice model was constructed, and the proportion and distribution of PDGFRα+ cells in the liver, spleen, lung, kidney and bone marrow were analyzed by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. Then the Pdgfrα-CreER; Scf flox/flox mice model was further constructed, the Scf in PDGFRα+ was knocked out specifically, the effect of Scf-knocked out in PDGFRα+ stromal cells in the propitiation of HSPCs in the bone marrow was analyzed by flow cytometry. The effect of SCF on the proportion on number of peripheral blood cells in mice was analyzed by whole blood analyzer. RESULTS: After Scf was knocked out in PDGFRα+ stromal cells, the propitiation and number of LKS- cell, LKS+ cell, HSC, MPP1, MKP, PreGM, PreMegE, and CFU-E in the bone marrow of mice was decreased, as well as in the number of red blood cells and hemoglobin concentration of peripheral blood. However, Scf knocked out from PDGFRα+ cells showed no effect on the hematopoiesis in spleen. CONCLUSION: specific knocked out of Scf in PDGFRα+ stromal cells in adult mice can decrease the proportion of HSPCs in the bone marrow and the number of red blood cells in peripheral blood, and finally lead to anemia in mice.


Assuntos
Receptor alfa de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas , Fator de Células-Tronco , Animais , Medula Óssea , Células da Medula Óssea , Hematopoese , Camundongos
17.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32781482

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the well-established etiologic factor for cervical neoplasia. Cervical conization constitutes an effective treatment for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (HG-CIN). We conducted an observational study for long-term outcomes and HPV genotype changes after conization for HG-CIN. Between 2008 and 2014, patients with newly diagnosed HG-CIN before conization (surveillance new [SN] group) and those who had undergone conization without hysterectomy (surveillance previous [SP] group) were enrolled. HPV testing and Pap smear were performed periodically for the SN and SP (collectively S) groups. All other patients receiving conization for HG-CIN during the study period were identified from our hospital database. Those eligible but not enrolled into our study were assigned to the non-surveillance (non-S) group. For the S group (n = 493), the median follow-up period was 74.3 months. Eighty-four cases had recurrent CIN Grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) (5-year cumulative rate: 14.8%), of which six had invasive cancer. Among the 84 patients, 65 (77.4%) exhibited type-specific persistence in the paired HPV results, whereas only 7 (8.3%) harbored new HPV types that belonged to the 9-valent vaccine types. Among the 7397 non-S patients, 789 demonstrated recurrent CIN2+, of which 57 had invasive cancer. The stages distribution of those progressed to invasive cancer in the non-S group were more advanced than the S group (P = .033). Active surveillance might reduce the severity of those progressed to cancer. Because a majority of the patients with recurrent CIN2+ had persistent type-specific HPV infections, effective therapeutic vaccines are an unmet medical need.

18.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32767558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The functionality of pea proteins is relatively weak relative to that of soybean proteins, which limits the application of pea proteins in food and nutritional applications. Glycosylation is a promising approach to influence the protein structure and in turn change the functional properties of pea proteins. RESULTS: In this study, the effect of transglutaminase-induced oligochitosan glycosylation on the structural and functional properties of pea seed legumin was studied. Different oligochitosan-modified legumin complexes (OLCs) were prepared by applying different molar ratios of legumin to oligochitosan (1:1 to 1:4) induced by transglutaminase (10 U g-1 protein). Results of sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), glucosamine, and free amino analysis showed that the legumin could be covalently bonded with the oligochitosan and were influenced by the applying dose of the oligochitosan. Infrared spectroscopy, fluorescence, and scanning electron microscopy analysis indicated that the structure of the different OLC samples could be changed to different extents. Moreover, although the emulsifying activity decreased, the emulsification stability, thermal stability, and in vitro digestive stability of the OLCs were remarkably improved relative to that of the untreated legumin. CONCLUSION: Oligochitosan glycosylation could change the structure of the legumin and consequently improve its emulsification stability, thermal stability, and in vitro digestive stability. This study will facilitate the legumin functionalization by the glycosylation approach to fabricate protein-oligochitosan complex for potential food and nutritional applications. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.

19.
BMC Med Imaging ; 20(1): 92, 2020 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the CT changes of different clinical types of COVID-19 pneumonia. METHODS: This retrospective study included 50 patients with COVID-19 from 16 January 2020 to 25 February 2020. We analyzed the clinical characteristics, CT characteristics and the pneumonia involvement of the patients between the moderate group and the severe and critical group, and the dynamic changes of severity with the CT follow-up time. RESULTS: There were differences in the CT severity score of the right lung in the initial CT, and total CT severity score in the initial and follow-up CT between the moderate group and the severe and critical group (all p < 0.05). There was a quadratic relationship between total CT severity score and CT follow-up time in the severe and critical group (r2 = 0.137, p = 0.008), the total CT severity score peaked at the second follow-up CT. There was no correlation between total CT severity score and CT follow-up time in the moderate group (p > 0.05). There were no differences in the occurrence rate of CT characteristics in the initial CT between the two groups (all p > 0.05). There were differences in the occurrence rate of ground-glass opacity and crazy-paving pattern in the second follow-up CT, and pleural thickening or adhesion in the third follow-up CT between the two groups (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The CT changes of COVID-19 pneumonia with different severity were different, and the extent of pneumonia involvement by CT can help to assess the severity of COVID-19 pneumonia rather than the initial CT characteristics.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia/virologia , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
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