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1.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33387352

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to compare the bone mineral densities (BMDs) among male patients with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA), classical type 1 diabetes (T1DM), and type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and to examine the risk factors for developing low BMD in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2017 and October 2020, a total of 57, 67, and 223 male patients with LADA, classical T1DM, and T2DM, respectively, were recruited from the endocrinology department of Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital. Hormonal markers of bone metabolism, lipid profiles, uric acid, glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and beta-cell function were measured using blood samples. BMD was measured at the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and right hip by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: The mean BMD values from all three skeletal sites in male patients with LADA were comparable to those with classical T1DM but were much lower than those with T2DM. After adjusting for confounding factors, multiple linear regression analysis demonstrated that in all male patients with diabetes, body mass index (BMI), uric acid, and fasting C-peptide showed significant positive associations with BMD at all three skeletal sites; however, osteocalcin showed a negative association at all three sites. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with male patients with T2DM, lower BMDs were observed in patients with LADA and T1DM. Low BMI, uric acid, C-peptide levels, and high osteocalcin levels are risk factors for developing low BMD in male patients with diabetes.

2.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 44(1): 173-181, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32406023

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Both high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and body mass index (BMI) have an impact on the prevalence of stroke. However, it is unclear whether BMI can modify the relationship between HDL-C and stroke. Therefore, we aimed to assess the effect of the BMI on the association between HDL-C and stroke in a hypertensive population without atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: We analyzed data of 10,925 hypertensive patients without AF from the Chinese Hypertension Registry Study. BMI was categorized as < 24 and ≥ 24 kg/m2. Multivariate logistic regression and smooth curve fitting (penalized spline method) were used to analyze the association between HDL-C and stroke in different BMI groups. Subgroup analysis and interaction tests were used to explore the effect of other variables on this relationship. RESULTS: The results showed a negative association between HDL-C and stroke in the BMI < 24 kg/m2 group, but HDL-C was not associated with stroke in the BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2 group. In the BMI < 24 kg/m2 group, each 1 mmol/L increase in HDL-C was associated with a 50% decreased risk of stroke [odds ratio (OR) 0.50, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.38-0.66]. No significant relationship between HDL-C and stroke was observed in the BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2 group (OR 0.73, 95% CI 0.49-1.10). There was a significant interaction between BMI and HDL-C in regard to the prevalence of stroke in the hypertensive population without AF (PInteraction = 0.027). CONCLUSIONS: We found an inverse association between HDL-C and stroke only in the BMI < 24 kg/m2 group. The finding suggested that BMI could modify the association between HDL-C and stroke in hypertensive populations without AF.

3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(23): 12545-12557, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336775

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Scientific research is an essential necessity for the prevention and control of COVID-19. Accelerated paper-sharing makes it possible to explore the responses of scientific communities of different countries and their research focus. This is achieved by examining relevant publications during the early stage of the pandemic. This paper explores a timely research assessment on COVID-19 among China, USA, and EU. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Papers indexed in PubMed and published from December 30, 2019, to March 11, 2020, were selected. Papers from China, USA, and EU were assessed by calculating the significance of items in the co-occurrence exported from VOSviewer. RESULTS: The results showed that Chinese studies focus more on clinical manifestations, while USA and EU focus on experimental research. Furthermore, US research is more geared toward detection techniques and mathematical models, China focuses more on monitoring the epidemic situation, and EU engages in both. CONCLUSIONS: This paper argues that the above distinctions are caused by differences in the stages of epidemic development, researchers' experience bases for formulating measures, traditions within the different medical cultures, and the distinction between "information" and "knowledge".


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Internacionalidade , /tratamento farmacológico , China , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos , Estudos Epidemiológicos , União Europeia , Humanos , Editoração , Estados Unidos
4.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(0): E008, 2020 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355769

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the association between resting heart rate(RHR) and all-cause mortality among the Chinese oldest-old aged more than 80. Methods: Using a total of seven surveys or follow-ups data (1998, 2000, 2002, 2005, 2008, 2011 and 2014) from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). A total of 17 886 elderly over 80 years old were selected as subjects, their resting heart rate were measured though baseline survey and the survival outcome and death time of the subjects were followed up. The subjects were divided into 6 groups according to their resting heart rate. Cox regression model was used to estimate the effect of resting heart rate on mortality risk. The interaction of age, gender and resting heart rate was also analyzed by likelihood ratio test. Results: The age of subjects M (P25, P75) was 92 (86, 100) years old, including 10 531 females (58.9%) and there were 13 598 participants died, the mortality rate was 195.5 per 1 000 person-years. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that compared to the control group (60-69 pbm/min), the hazard ratio of the elderly are 1.06 (95%CI: 1.02, 1.11), 1.09 (95%CI: 1.04, 1.15), 1.23 (95%CI: 1.14, 1.34), 1.25 (95%CI: 1.08, 1.44) in the group of RHR between 70-79, 80-89, 90-99 and ≥100 pbm/min and P values are all less than 0.05. Likelihood ratio test showed that RHR and age had an interaction effect. (P for interaction=0.011). Conclusion: The risk of all-cause death increased with the increase of resting heart rate and this relationship was stronger between the 80-89 years old people.

5.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(22): 11496-11508, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33275216

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the connections between hair cells and spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) during the development of the C57BL/6 mouse inner ear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The specimens of C57BL/6 mouse inner ear, from E15 (embryo day 15) to adult mouse, were collected; immunohistochemistry was employed to explore the frozen sections of specimens. RESULTS: The development of cochlea starts sequentially from the basal turn to the apex turn. Morphological development of SGNs occurs mainly from E16 to P12 (postnatal day 12). Hair cells appear from E18 to P12, and inner hair cells (IHCs) develop earlier than outer hair cells (OHCs). The connections between hair cells and SGNs begin to develop during E18-P1, morphologically resemble mature synapses during P8-P12, and completely mature in adult mice. CONCLUSIONS: The genesis of auditory ribbon synapse occurs from E18 to P1. Synchronized with the development of SGNs and hair cells, the functional filaments remain connected to hair cells, while the spare ones get disconnected from the surface of hair cells. Connections between SGN nerve filaments and IHCs occur earlier than those between SGN nerve filaments and OHCs.

6.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(11): 1915-1920, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297661

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize recent progress in research of burden of disease attributed to population ageing and provide reference for relevant research in the future. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature review of quantitative studies about the impact of population ageing on burden of disease published from 2009 to 2019 according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria through PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, Wangfang database and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases and extracted basic information and key results of the searched literature. Results: A total of 65 studies were included in the analysis, in which 29 (44.6%) studies used death number or mortality rate as outcome measures, 43 (66.2%) studies focused on a single country, such as China, United Kingdom and United States, 39 (60.0%) studies quantified the impact of population ageing on single disease, such as diabetes, lung cancer and coronary heart disease, 44 (67.7%) studies used decomposition methods to quantify the impact of population ageing, and 10 (15.4%) studies evaluated the effect of interventions on alleviating the impact of population ageing. Most studies found that population ageing increased the burden of some diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular disease and dementia, while a few studies reported that population ageing decreased the burden of some diseases, such as neonatal disease and malaria. Various decomposition methods were adopted in 65 included studies, but several common methods were sensitive to the preconditions that were assumed, the decomposition order of three factors (population size, age structure, and age-specific rate) and the choice of control group, resulting incomparable and unstable results. Conclusions: The published decomposition studies adopted various methods and only evaluated the impact of population ageing in very limited countries and for several diseases. Therefore, a systematic evaluation using robust decomposition method is very necessary to evaluate the impact of population aging on disease burden across countries and diseases.

7.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030814

RESUMO

AIMS: This study evaluates flonicamid biotransformation ability of Aminobacter sp. CGMCC 1.17253 and the enzyme catalytic mechanism involved. METHODS AND RESULTS: Flonicamid transformed by resting cells of Aminobacter sp. CGMCC 1.17253 was carried out. Aminobacter sp. CGMCC 1.17253 converts flonicamid into N-(4-trifluoromethylnicotinoyl) glycinamide (TFNG-AM). Aminobacter sp. CGMCC 1.17253 transforms 31·1% of the flonicamid in a 200 mg l-1 conversion solution in 96 h. Aminobacter sp. CGMCC 1.17253 was inoculated in soil, and 72·1% of flonicamid with a concentration of 0·21 µmol g-1 was transformed in 9 days. The recombinant Escherichia coli expressing Aminobacter sp. CGMCC 1.17253 nitrile hydratase (NHase) and purified NHase were tested for the flonicamid transformation ability, both of them acquired the ability to transform flonicamid into TFNG-AM. CONCLUSIONS: Aminobacter sp. CGMCC 1.17253 transforms flonicamid into TFNG-AM via hydration pathway mediated by cobalt-containing NHase. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This is the first report that bacteria of genus Aminobacter has flonicamid-transforming ability. This study enhances our understanding of flonicamid-degrading mechanism. Aminobacter sp. CGMCC 1.17253 has the potential for bioremediation of flonicamid pollution.

9.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(9): 753-759, 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053975

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effect of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 siRNA and TIMP-2 siRNA on the expression of smad2/3/4 protein in CCl4-induced liver fibrosis rat hepatic stellate cells (HSC). Methods: Rat's liver tissues with liver fibrosis after treatment with pre-built TIMP-1siRNA and TIMP-2 siRNA were used as the research subjects. Immunohistochemistry, Western blotting and real-time PCR were used to detect the protein and corresponding mRNA expression levels on smad2/3/4. TUNEL and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) positive cells were quantified by double-labeled immunofluorescence. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare the means between multiple groups, and the SNK test was used for the pairwise comparison of means. Results: The results of immunohistochemistry showed that the protein expressions of smad2, smad3, and smad4 in the TIMP-1 siRNA group and TIMP-2 siRNA group were significantly reduced than those of the model and the negative control group (P < 0.05). In addition, Western blotting results had also shown the same trend. The protein expression of smad2, smad3, and smad4 in the TIMP-1siRNA group and TIMP-2siRNA group were significantly reduced than those of the model and the negative control group (P < 0.01). The mRNA expression of smad2, smad3, and smad4 in TIMP-1siRNA group and TIMP-2siRNA group was significantly reduced than those of the model and negative control group (P < 0.05). Immunofluorescence showed that the apoptosis of activated HSC in the TIMP-1 siRNA group(0.014 3 ± 0.002 4) and TIMP-2 siRNA group(0.010 7 ± 0.004 4) was increased than those of the model(0) and the negative control group (0.002 4 ± 0.002 4, P < 0.05). Conclusion: TIMP-1 siRNA and TIMP-2 siRNA promote the apoptosis of activated HSCs. In addition, it also has a significant inhibitory effect on the expression of smad protein.


Assuntos
Células Estreladas do Fígado , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1 , Animais , Apoptose , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Ratos , Proteína Smad3/genética , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/genética , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/metabolismo
11.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(9): 748-752, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957757

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the predictive value of HAS-BLED, HEMORR2HAGES, ATRIA and ORBIT scores on the bleeding risk in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients treated with dabigatran. Methods: Data of 942 NVAF patients participating a non-interventional prospective study of anticoagulant therapy with dabigatran, which was conducted in 12 centers from February 2015 to December 2017 in China, were analyzed. Complete HAS-BLED HEMORR2HAGES, ATRIA and ORBIT bleeding risk scores data and follow-up data were available in the enrolled patients. The endpoint of the study was bleeding events occurred during a 6 months follow-up. Cox proportional hazards models were constructed to analyze the associations between HAS-BLED, HEMORR2HAGES, ATRIA and ORBIT scores and risk of bleeding, and the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristics curves (ROC) of each score was used to set the predictive value for bleeding risk. Results: Among the 942 patients, the mean age was (65.3±11.2) years old, 542 (57.5%) were males. A total of 93 (9.9%) bleeding events occurred during follow up, 89 (9.4%) events were minor bleeding, and 4 (0.4%) events were major bleeding. Patients with a high-risk HAS-BLED score had a 1.87-fold increased risk of bleeding compared with low-risk patients (HR = 2.87, 95% CI:1.26-6.51, P = 0.012). There was no statistically significant difference between low-medium-high-risk grading in other scoring systems and bleeding risk (all P>0.05). The AUC (95%CI) of HAS-BLED, HEMORR2HAGES, ATRIA and ORBIT bleeding risk scores were 0.558 (0.525-0.590), 0.520 (0.487-0.553), 0.513(0.480-0.545), 0.523(0.490-0.555), respectively. The AUC of all bleeding score systems were of ≤ 0.700. Conclusion: Among the NVAF patients taking dabigatran in China, the HAS-BLED bleeding risk score is superior to other 3 bleeding risk score on predicting the bleeding risk in these patients, but its predictive value is still relatively low.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Idoso , Anticoagulantes , China , Dabigatrana , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
12.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 41(9): 1611-1617, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32819905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Thrombectomy up to 24 hours after stroke onset in patients with specific ischemic brain volumes remains a challenge, because many stroke centers do not apply specialized software to calculate ischemic volumes at advanced imaging. We aimed to establish the association between relative filling time delay on CTP source imaging and ischemic volume parameters and the infarct penumbra to core volume mismatch in patients with acute ischemic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke and with M1 segment MCA with or without terminal ICA occlusions on baseline CTA and CTP within 24 hours of stroke symptom onset were included. Ischemic volumes were analyzed with software based on CTP maps. Relative filling time delay was classified into 4 grades-grade 0: relative filling time delay = 0 seconds; grade 1: relative filling time delay >0 to ≤4 seconds; grade 2: relative filling time delay >4 to ≤8 seconds; and grade 3: relative filling time delay > 8 seconds. Differences in ischemic volume parameters among relative filling time delay grades were tested. RESULTS: We recruited 138 patients (median age, 69 years; 62.3% male). Different median volumes of the infarct core (grade 0, 7.3 mL; grade 1, 23.3 mL; grade 2, 45.7 mL; grade 3, 135 mL [P < .001]) and the penumbra (grade 0, 47.6 mL; grade 1, 90 mL; grade 2, 110 mL; grade 3, 92 mL [P = .043]) were observed among relative filling time delay grades. Target mismatch (defined by the criteria of the DEFUSE 3 trial) was identified in 71.7% of the patients (99/138). A relative filling time delay grade ≤ 1 independently predicted target mismatch, with a sensitivity of 0.79 (95% CI, 0.7-0.87) and a specificity of 0.66 (95% CI, 0.49-0.8). CONCLUSIONS: Relative filling time delay grade based on CTP source imaging is a simple and effective parameter for evaluating ischemic volumes and target mismatch in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Further studies that compare relative filling time delay grade with clinical functional outcomes are necessary.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Diagnóstico Precoce , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Neuroimagem/métodos , Imagem de Perfusão/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Software
13.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 41(9): 1745-1753, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: DTI has been proved valuable for the diagnosis of degenerative cervical myelopathy, whereas its capacity for predicting the outcome of surgery is still under debate. Here we conduct a prospective cohort study to analyze the capacity of DTI for evaluating and predicting laminoplasty surgery outcome for degenerative cervical myelopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 55 patients with degenerative cervical myelopathy who underwent DTI before surgery and at 3- and 6-month follow-up stages, and 20 healthy subjects. For clinical assessment, the modified Japanese Orthopedic Association scale was recorded for each patient at different stages. DTI metrics were compared between patients before surgery and healthy subjects. Spearman correlation and receiver operating characteristic were used to analyze the evaluation and prediction capacity of DTI for the modified Japanese Orthopedic Association scale, respectively. We analyzed different vertebral levels: maximal compression level, average of all compression levels, and C2 level. RESULTS: DTI metrics were significantly different between patients before surgery and healthy subjects. Before surgery, DTI for the maximal compression level or DTI for the average of all compression levels had no significant correlation with the modified Japanese Orthopedic Association scale. For all stages, DTI at the C2 level was correlated with the modified Japanese Orthopedic Association scale. DTI metrics at the C2 level before surgery were significantly correlated with the postoperative modified Japanese Orthopedic Association scale recovery rate. Receiver operating characteristic analysis demonstrated that fractional anisotropy at C2 was capable of predicting the postoperative modified Japanese Orthopedic Association scale recovery rate (P = .04). CONCLUSIONS: The DTI metrics before laminoplasty surgery, especially fractional anisotropy at the C2 level, have the potential for evaluating and predicting the degenerative cervical myelopathy surgery outcome.


Assuntos
Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Doenças da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto , Idoso , Vértebras Cervicais , Feminino , Humanos , Laminoplastia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(29): 2283-2287, 2020 Aug 04.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32746599

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the role of drug-related molecular target identification in the individualized treatment of malignant solid tumors in children. Methods: The clinical data of 40 patients diagnosed with malignant solid tumors from Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, between June 2017 and March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Immunohistochemistry, polymerase chain reaction and sequencing methods were used to determine the expression levels and mutations of tumor drug molecular targets, and to compare the efficiency as well as the incidence of toxic side effects of chemotherapy using anti-tumor drugs with various molecular targets. Results: A total of 4 tumor drug-related targets were identified in 40 tumor tissue samples, namely DNA topoisomerase-ⅡA (TOPOⅡA), ß(3)-tubulin (Tubulinß(3)), DNA topoisomerase-Ⅰ(TOPOⅠ) and dihydrofolate reductase gene polymorphisms [DHFR (C829T)]. The effective rates of platinum-based agents, methotrexate, irinotecan, vinblastine and anthracycline for malignant solid tumors in children were 90.0% (36/40), 85.0% (34/40), 70.0% (28/40), 67.5% (27/40), 62.5% (25/40), respectively. The effective rates of chemotherapy with irinotecan, methotrexate, and vinblastine in mesenchymal tumors were 68.9% (20/29), 62.1% (18/29), 68.9% (20/29), respectively, which were considerably higher than 18.2% (2/11), 36.4% (4/11) and 36.4% (4/11) in non-mesenchymal tumors, with significant differences (χ(2)=5.487, 15.345, 17.278, all P<0.05). The effective rate of chemotherapy of platinum-based drugs for non-mesenchymal tumors was 72.3% (8/11), which was significantly higher than 58.6% (17/29) in mesenchymal tumors, and the difference was statistically significant (χ(2)=11.231, P<0.05). The intensity of toxic side effects in order from high to low was anthracycline > platinum > methotrexate > vinblastine > irinotecan. Conclusion: Tumor drug-related molecular targets and the sensitivity of tumors of different origins to the same anti-tumor drug as well as side effects are predicted, which provides a theoretical and clinical basis for individualized treatment of malignant tumors in children.


Assuntos
DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II , Neoplasias , Antraciclinas , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Criança , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(6): 472-476, 2020 Jun 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842256

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fibrinolysis strategy in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) during the COVID-19 epidemic, and to provide reference value for optimization of fibrinolytic process on the premise of prevention and control of COVID-19 transmission, including self-protection of medical staff. Methods: The efficacy and safety of fibrinolysis were retrospectively analyzed in 7 patients with acute STEM, who hospitalized from February 29, 2020 to April 3, 2020 in the Department of Cardiology, Wuhan Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology. To optimize the fibrinolytic process on the premise of prevention and control of COVID-19 transmission, including self-protection of medical staff, a full-time medical team in charge of fibrinolysis under third-grade protection was established. The acute STEMI patients were treated immediately in a fixed and isolated area in emergency department before receiving green channel fibrinolysis. Blood samples for complete blood count, COVID-19 antibody test and nasopharyngeal swab samples for COVID-19 nucleic acid test were made before fibrinolysis, while the chest CT examination was accomplished after fibrinolysis. By comparing differences of time from the first electrocardiogram (ECG) to fibrinolysis before and after the improvement of fibrinolytic process, the effect of optimization of the fibrinolytic process was evaluated. Results: In the present study, seven patients with acute STEMI received fibrinolysis therapy, 6 of them achieved reperfusion and no bleeding was observed in all of the patients. Five out of the 7 patients were hospitalized after fibrinolysis, and the hospitalization days were 19.6 days on average. By following up to April 14, 2020, none of the 7 patients died. The first 2 patients were treated according to the routine medical procedure and the time from the first ECG to fibrinolysis were 201 and 106 minutes, respectively. After the optimization of the fibrinolytic process, the time from the first ECG to fibrinolysis of the last 5 patients were 42, 46, 51, 43 and 54 minutes, respectively,which was significantly shorter than that before optimization. Conclusions: During the COVID-19 epidemic, fibrinolysis in patients with acute STEMI is safe, effective and easy to implement. Therefore, it is recommended as the top priority for the patients with acute STEMI with indications for fibrinolysis. On the premise of prevention and control of COVID-19 transmission, including self-protection of medical staff, the duration of myocardial ischemia can be shortened by optimization of the fibrinolytic process.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Epidemias , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Insect Mol Biol ; 29(6): 531-544, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32715559

RESUMO

Odorant binding proteins (OBPs) are critical components in insect olfactory systems where they bind, solubilize and transport odorant molecules to receptors. Here, we cloned three OBPs (PxylGOBP1, PxylGOBP2 and PxylOBP24) from the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, one of the most destructive pests of cruciferous crops. These three OBPs were expressed in Escherichia coli as recombinant proteins, purified and characterized by fluorescence binding assays with 39 ligands including sex pheromone and plant-derived chemical compounds. PxylGOBP1 and PxylGOBP2 showed significantly different binding affinities to theses ligands, suggesting distinct binding preferences of these two general odorant binding proteins. PxylOBP24 showed no or extremely low binding activities to selected ligands, suggesting it may be involved in non-olfactory functions. Circular dichroism spectral results demonstrated that PxylGOBP1 and PxylGOBP2 shared similar secondary structures while PxylOBP24 was significantly different. This study improves our knowledge of insect OBPs, which will assist in a better understanding of insect olfactory system and developing more environmentally friendly pest control strategies for P. xylostella.

17.
Int J Cardiol ; 317: 193-199, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32505371

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness may affect antihypertensive response to antihypertensive treatment. However, sufficient clinical evidence is lacking. This longitudinal study aimed to evaluate the effect of baseline arterial stiffness measured by the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) on response to short-term and long-term enalapril-based treatment in 3310 hypertensive adults from the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT). METHODS AND RESULTS: Blood pressure (BP) measured at three months (short-term) in 2780 subjects, and the time-average on-treatment BP in 3310 subjects during a median of 4.5-year follow-ups (long-term) were analyzed in the study. After short-term antihypertensive treatment, every 1 m/s increase in baPWV denoted a 7% and 6% decreased chance of achieving systolic BP (SBP) control (odds ratio (OR), 0.93; 95% CI 0.90, 0.96; P < 0.001) and BP control (OR, 0.94; 95% CI 0.91, 0.97; P < 0.001), respectively, after adjustment for age, gender and other variables. After long-term treatment, every 1 m/s increase in baPWV posed an 7% and 6% greater risk of failing to attain SBP control (OR, 0.93; 95% CI 0.90, 0.95; P < 0.001) and BP control (OR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.92, 0.96; P < 0.001), respectively, not regarding for DBP control after both short- and long-term treatment. Higher baseline baPWV significantly decreased SBP reduction both after three months and the median 4.5-year treatment, while increased DBP reduction after the median 4.5-year treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated baseline baPWV significantly decreased BP response to short-and long-term treatment in adults with primary hypertensive. Arterial stiffness improvement may be an essential target to achieve adequate BP control.

18.
Animal ; 14(11): 2246-2252, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32580803

RESUMO

Phytase has long been used to decrease the inorganic phosphorus (Pi) input in poultry diet. The current study was conducted to investigate the effects of Pi supplementation on laying performance, egg quality and phosphate-calcium metabolism in Hy-Line Brown laying hens fed phytase. Layers (n = 504, 29 weeks old) were randomly assigned to seven treatments with six replicates of 12 birds. The corn-soybean meal-based diet contained 0.12% non-phytate phosphorus (nPP), 3.8% calcium, 2415 IU/kg vitamin D3 and 2000 FTU/kg phytase. Inorganic phosphorus (in the form of mono-dicalcium phosphate) was added into the basal diet to construct seven experimental diets; the final dietary nPP levels were 0.12%, 0.17%, 0.22%, 0.27%, 0.32%, 0.37% and 0.42%. The feeding trial lasted 12 weeks (hens from 29 to 40 weeks of age). Laying performance (housed laying rate, egg weight, egg mass, daily feed intake and feed conversion ratio) was weekly calculated. Egg quality (egg shape index, shell strength, shell thickness, albumen height, yolk colour and Haugh units), serum parameters (calcium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, calcitonin and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D), tibia quality (breaking strength, and calcium, phosphorus and ash contents), intestinal gene expression (type IIb sodium-dependent phosphate cotransporter, NaPi-IIb) and phosphorus excretion were determined at the end of the trial. No differences were observed on laying performance, egg quality, serum parameters and tibia quality. Hens fed 0.17% nPP had increased (P < 0.01) duodenum NaPi-IIb expression compared to all other treatments. Phosphorus excretion linearly increased with an increase in dietary nPP (phosphorus excretion = 1.7916 × nPP + 0.2157; R2 = 0.9609, P = 0.001). In conclusion, corn-soybean meal-based diets containing 0.12% nPP, 3.8% calcium, 2415 IU/kg vitamin D3 and 2000 FTU/kg phytase would meet the requirements for egg production in Hy-Line Brown laying hens (29 to 40 weeks of age).


Assuntos
6-Fitase , Galinhas/fisiologia , 6-Fitase/metabolismo , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Dieta/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Fosfatos , Fósforo
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385928

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This prospective clinical study aimed to evaluate the vascularization characteristics of low-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) using Doppler imaging and to develop a predictive model of resistance to methotrexate (MTX). METHODS: Patients with low-risk GTN receiving primary MTX treatment were enrolled from the Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, from September 2012 to August 2018. In the training set, clinical features and hemodynamic parameters with Doppler imaging before MTX therapy were analyzed by logistic regression for identifying the independent predictors, which were integrated into the model. The predictive performance was evaluated by both a leave-one-out cross-validation in the training data set, and an internal validation in an independent-sample testing data set. RESULTS: The entire imaging protocol was completed for 147 eligible patients (110 cases in the training set and 37 in the testing set). In the training set, cases with myometrial lesions (81.8%, 90/110) showed vascular-enriched areas in the myometrium, and high velocity and low impedance ratios of the uterine artery (UtA) compared to cases without myometrial lesions (18.2%, 20/110). The Doppler-based predictive model developed from 90 cases with myometrial lesions was y = -2.95332+0.41696×FIGO score+0.03551×TAmean-UtA, in which TAmean-UtA (time-averaged mean velocity in UtA) and FIGO score were the independent predictors (P = 0.009 and P = 0.043, respectively) for MTX-resistance. This predictive model resulted in an area under a curve of 0.757 (95% with a confidence interval (CI) of 0.653-0.862) with 45.2% sensitivity and 96.6% specificity, at the cut-off value 0.50622. Besides, the model stratified low-risk GTN into low (<10%), intermediate (10-90%), and high (>90%) MTX-resistance probability for MTX-resistance, based on the threshold values of -1.59544 and 0.10046. The predictive performance was evaluated to be an accuracy of 74.4% (95%CI, 0.645-0.823) in the cross-validation and 72.7% (95% CI, 0.558-0.849) in the internal validation. CONCLUSIONS: The Doppler-based predictive model, adding a non-invasive marker of tumor vascularity, could complement the FIGO Scoring system for the prediction of MTX-resistance in the low-risk GTN with myometrial invasion. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

20.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(3): 225-229, 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32468782

RESUMO

This paper describes the current epidemic characteristics and endemic status of schistosomiasis, analyzes the main challenges of schistosomiasis control and proposes the emphasis and interventions for future schistosomiasis control activities in Hunan Province, so as to provide insights into the elimination of schistosomiasis in Hunan Province.


Assuntos
Esquistossomose , China/epidemiologia , Erradicação de Doenças/tendências , Humanos , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle
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