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1.
Protein Cell ; 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33108584

RESUMO

The fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda, is a destructive pest native to America and has recently become an invasive insect pest in China. Because of its rapid spread and great risks in China, understanding of FAW genetic background and pesticide resistance is urgent and essential to develop effective management strategies. Here, we assembled a chromosome-level genome of a male FAW (SFynMstLFR) and compared re-sequencing results of the populations from America, Africa, and China. Strain identification of 163 individuals collected from America, Africa and China showed that both C and R strains were found in the American populations, while only C strain was found in the Chinese and African populations. Moreover, population genomics analysis showed that populations from Africa and China have close relationship with significantly genetic differentiation from American populations. Taken together, FAWs invaded into China were most likely originated from Africa. Comparative genomics analysis displayed that the cytochrome p450 gene family is extremely expanded to 425 members in FAW, of which 283 genes are specific to FAW. Treatments of Chinese populations with twenty-three pesticides showed the variant patterns of transcriptome profiles, and several detoxification genes such as AOX, UGT and GST specially responded to the pesticides. These findings will be useful in developing effective strategies for management of FAW in China and other invaded areas.

2.
Bipolar Disord ; 2020 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bipolar I disorder (BD-I) is associated with a high risk of suicide attempt; however, the neural circuit dysfunction that confers suicidal vulnerability in individuals with this disorder remains largely unknown. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) allows non-invasive mapping of brain functional connectivity. The current study used an unbiased voxel-based graph theory analysis of rs-fMRI to investigate the intrinsic brain networks of BD-I patients with and without suicide attempt. METHODS: A total of 30 BD-I patients with suicide attempt (attempter group), 82 patients without suicide attempt (non-attempter group), and 67 healthy controls underwent rs-fMRI scan, and then global brain connectivity (GBC) was computed as the sum of connections of each voxel with all other gray matter voxels in the brain. RESULTS: Compared with the non-attempter group, we found regional differences in GBC values in emotion-encoding circuits, including the left superior temporal gyrus, bilateral insula/rolandic operculum, and right precuneus (PCu)/cuneus in the bipolar disorder (BD) attempter group, and these disrupted hub-like regions displayed fair to good power in distinguishing attempters from non-attempters among BD-I patients. GBC values of the right PCu/cuneus were positively correlated with illness duration and education in the attempter group. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that abnormal connectivity patterns in emotion-encoding circuits are associated with the increasing risk of vulnerability to suicide attempt in BD patients, and global dysconnectivity across these emotion-encoding circuits might serve as potential biomarkers for classification of suicide attempt in BD patients.

3.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(35): 21391-21402, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817423

RESUMO

Syntaxin17, a key autophagosomal N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) protein, can associate with ATG8 family proteins SNAP29 and VAMP8 to facilitate the membrane fusion process between the double-membraned autophagosome and single-membraned lysosome in mammalian macroautophagy. However, the inherent properties of Syntaxin17 and the mechanistic basis underlying the interactions of Syntaxin17 with its binding proteins remain largely unknown. Here, using biochemical, NMR, and structural approaches, we systemically characterized Syntaxin17 as well as its interactions with ATG8 family proteins, SNAP29 and VAMP8. We discovered that Syntaxin17 alone adopts an autoinhibited conformation mediated by a direct interaction between its Habc domain and the Qa-SNARE motif. In addition, we revealed that the Qa-SNARE region of Syntaxin17 contains one LC3-interacting region (LIR) motif, which preferentially binds to GABARAP subfamily members. Importantly, the GABARAP binding of Syntaxin17 can release its autoinhibited state. The determined crystal structure of the Syntaxin17 LIR-GABARAP complex not only provides mechanistic insights into the interaction between Syntaxin17 and GABARAP but also reveals an unconventional LIR motif with a C-terminally extended 310 helix for selectively binding to ATG8 family proteins. Finally, we also elucidated structural arrangements of the autophagic Syntaxin17-SNAP29-VAMP8 SNARE core complex, and uncovered its conserved biochemical and structural characteristics common to all other SNAREs. In all, our findings reveal three distinct states of Syntaxin17, and provide mechanistic insights into the Syntaxin17-mediated autophagosome-lysosome fusion process.


Assuntos
Autofagossomos/fisiologia , Lisossomos/fisiologia , Proteínas Qa-SNARE/metabolismo , Proteínas Qb-SNARE/metabolismo , Proteínas Qc-SNARE/metabolismo , Proteínas R-SNARE/metabolismo , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Família da Proteína 8 Relacionada à Autofagia/metabolismo , Escherichia coli , Humanos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo
4.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2020 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32710350

RESUMO

For this study, we investigate more deeply the effect calcium (Ca) develops on the mechanism underlying fluoride-triggered osteocyte apoptosis. We detected the morphology of osteocytes by HE staining, mitochondrial microstructure by using the transmission electron microscope, and the biochemical indexes related to bone metabolism and the expression of apoptosis-related genes. These results showed that NaF brought out the reduced osteocytes and ruptured mitochondrial outer membrane, with a significantly increased StrACP activity by 10.414 IU/L at the 4th week (P < 0.05), markedly upregulating the mRNA expression of Bax, Cyto-C, Apaf-1, caspase-7, ROCK-1, BMP-2, and BGP (P < 0.01), as well as caspase-6 (P < 0.05), while downregulating Bcl-2 by 61.3% (P < 0.01). Through immunohistochemical analysis, we also found that NaF notably increased the protein expression of ROCK-1 (P < 0.05) and Cyto-C, BMP-2, and BGP (P < 0.01), suggesting that NaF triggered the activation of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway and Rho/ROCK signaling pathway. Nevertheless, 1% Ca supplementation in diet notably enhanced the mRNA expression of Bcl-2 by 39.3% (P < 0.01), thus blocking the increment of the expression of mitochondrial apoptotic pathway-related genes and ROCK-1. Meanwhile, Ca could attenuate the StrACP activity by 10.741 IU/L at the 4th week (P < 0.05) and protect the integrity of the mitochondrial outer membrane. These findings strongly suggest that 1% Ca abated the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway by increasing the anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-2 expression, and effectively inhibited the hyper-activation of ROCK-1, dually protecting the structural integrity of the mitochondrial outer membrane and maintaining normal cellular metabolic function.

5.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(5): 484-8, 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32452191

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: By observing the effect of inner-heating acupuncture on the expression of Wnt1, Axin and ß-catenin in the intervertebral disc of rats with lumbar degenerative disease and to explore the regulatory mechanism of inner-heating acupuncture on the apoptosis of annulus fibrosus cells in rats with lumbar degenerative disease. METHODS: Forty SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, inner heating acupuncture group and acupuncture group with 10 rats in each group. Except for normal group, all rats were modeled. Bilateral Da Chang Shu were selected for inner-heating acupuncture and acupuncture treatment. Western-bolt assay was used to detect the expression of Wnt1, Axin and ß-catenin in rat intervertebral discs. RESULTS: Compared with the model group, Wnt1 and ß-catenin expression in annulus fibrosus cells of rats in the inner heating acupuncture group and the acupuncture group were significantly decreased(P<0.05);the expression of Axin in annulus fibrosus of rats in the inner heating acupuncture group was significantly increased(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the expression of Axin in annulus fibrosus of rats between acupuncture group and model group(P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Inner heating acupuncture can down regulate the expression of Wnt1 and ß-catenin and up regulate the expression of Axin in annulus fibrosus of rats with lumbar degenerative desease. It is suggested that the mechanism may be to regulate the expression of related factors in the ß-catenin signaling pathway, so as to achieve the goal of treating lumbar degenerative diseases.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Disco Intervertebral , Animais , Calefação , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , beta Catenina
6.
J Affect Disord ; 268: 82-87, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32158010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ß2 subunit of the voltage-gated l-type calcium channel gene(CACNB2) rs11013860 polymorphism is a putative genetic susceptibility marker for bipolar disorder (BD). However, the neural effects of CACNB2 rs11013860 in BD are largely unknown. METHODS: Forty-six bipolar patients with first-episode mania and eighty-three healthy controls (HC) were genotyped for CACNB2 rs11013860 and were scanned with a 3.0 Tesla structural magnetic resonance imaging system to measure cortical thickness of prefrontal cortex (PFC) components (superior frontal cortex, orbitofrontal cortex, middle and inferior frontal gyri). RESULTS: Cortical thickness was thinner in patients on all PFC measurements compared to HC (p < 0.050). Moreover, we found a significant interaction between CACNB2 genotype and diagnosis for the right superior frontal cortical thickness (F = 8.190, p = 0.040). Bonferroni corrected post-hoc tests revealed that, in CACNB2 A-allele carriers, patients displayed thinner superior frontal thickness compared to HC (p < 0.001). In patients, CACNB2 A-allele carriers also exhibited reduced superior frontal thickness compared to CACNB2 CC-allele carriers (p = 0.016). LIMITATIONS: Lithium treatment may influence our results, and the sample size in our study is relatively small. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the CACNB2 rs11013860 might impact PFC thickness in patients with first-episode mania. These findings provide evidence to support CACNB2 rs11013860 involvement in the emotion-processing neural circuitry abnormality in the early stage of BD, which will ultimately contribute to revealing the link between the variation in calcium channel genes and the neuropathological mechanism of BD.

7.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 47(4): 1017, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016557

RESUMO

Figure captions of Figures 2, 3, and 4 were incorrect in the original version of this article.

8.
Cells ; 9(2)2020 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075310

RESUMO

Although thousands of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified in porcine growth and development, the regulation mechanisms of functional lncRNAs have not been well explored. In this study, using 5'- and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) assays, we obtained two different variants of lncRNA maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3), namely, MEG3 v1 and MEG3 v2, that were both highly expressed in porcine skeletal muscle and in the early stage of the differentiation of porcine satellite cells. Moreover, we identified the core transcript MEG3 v2. Functional analyses showed that MEG3 overexpression could effectively arrest myoblasts in the G1 phase, inhibit DNA replication, and promote myoblast differentiation, whereas MEG3 knockdown resulted in the opposite effects. Interestingly, the expression of serum response factor (SRF), a crucial transcription factor for myogenesis process, remarkably increased and decreased in mRNA and protein levels with the respective overexpression and knockdown of MEG3. Dual luciferase reporter assay showed that MEG3 could attenuate the decrease of luciferase activity of SRF induced by miR-423-5p in a dose-dependent manner. MEG3 overexpression could relieve the inhibitory effect on SRF and myoblast differentiation induced by miR-423-5p. In addition, results of RNA immunoprecipitation analysis suggested that MEG3 could act as a ceRNA for miR-423-5p. Our findings initially established a novel connection among MEG3, miR-423-5p, and SRF in porcine satellite cell differentiation. This novel role of MEG3 may shed new light on understanding of molecular regulation of lncRNA in porcine myogenesis.

9.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 945, 2020 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969599

RESUMO

Oolong tea is famous for its characteristic of durably brewing. To explore suitable brewing cuppages and the scientific methods to brew Oolong tea in multiple steeping process. Dahongpao tea (Zhengyan, Banyan and Zhouyan tea) is well known Oolong tea variety, brewed at 14 times and assessed its chemical composition, infusion colour and sensory quality in different brewing intervals. The results showed that Zhengyan tea (A3) had the best quality of steeping among the chosen tea. It could be brewed up to 10 cuppages with 80% sensory score. The chemical composition and tea infusion colour strength were higher in Zhengyan tea. Though, 70% caffeine leached within first three steeping. The Forest regression model revealed that the suitable brewing time ranges between 4 and 10 in the chosen Dahongpao tea variety. This study provides a scientific method and suitable steeping times for the drinking of different Dahongpao tea through dynamic analysis of quantity of chemical composition, infusion colour strength and sensory quality.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis/química , Cor , Culinária/métodos , Análise de Alimentos , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Paladar , Chá/química , Aminoácidos/análise , Cafeína/análise , Carboidratos/análise , Catequina/análise , Nucleotídeos/análise , Polifenóis/análise
10.
Food Funct ; 11(1): 1155-1164, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872845

RESUMO

Bone is the main target of fluorosis, and it has been perfectly elaborated that a moderate dosage of calcium (Ca) can alleviate bone fluorosis. However, whether Ca can alleviate fluorosis through the phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT) signaling pathway has not yet been reported. Hence, we evaluated the histopathological structure, the imbalance of the biochemical index of bone metabolism, and the expression levels of PI3K/AKT apoptosis signaling pathway-related genes in rats treated with sodium fluoride (NaF, F) and/or calcium carbonate (CaCO3) for 120 days. Our results suggest that 100 mg L-1 NaF induced histopathological injury as alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (StrACP) activity increased, with a decrease in the serum Ca levels (p < 0.05). Moreover, the results of qRT-PCR and western blotting showed that F increased the expression levels of transglutaminase 2 (TGM2), focal adhesion kinase (FAK), PI3K, AKT, forkhead box O1 (Foxo1), Bcl-2 interacting mediator of cell death (BIM), Bcl2-associated x protein (Bax) and Caspase 3 (p < 0.05, p < 0.01). It also decreased the expression of AnnexinA5 (Anxa5), 3'-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 (PDK1) and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) (p < 0.05, p < 0.01), which finally activated the PI3K/AKT pathway. On the other hand, CaCO3 supplementation reversed the histopathological injury along with the levels of ALP, StrACP and serum Ca, alleviating the gene expression levels of PI3K/AKT pathway-related markers. Altogether, we can conclude that CaCO3 supplementation mitigated F-induced bone damage via the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Osso e Ossos/efeitos dos fármacos , Cálcio/metabolismo , Fluoretos/efeitos adversos , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Apoptose , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Intoxicação por Flúor/terapia , Masculino , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
11.
Front Genet ; 10: 1220, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31850071

RESUMO

Skeletal muscle satellite cells are a class of undifferentiated mononuclear myogenic stem cells distributed between the myofibroblast and membrane basement. Since their development determines the development of skeletal muscles, knowledge of their proliferation, differentiation, and fate is vital for understanding skeletal muscle development. Increasing evidence have shown that long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) plays an important role in regulating the development process of satellite cells. Based on the results of our previous studies, we screened lncRNA MSTRG.59589, which is highly expressed in skeletal muscle tissue. In the present study, knockdown of MSTRG.59589 significantly inhibited satellite cell differentiation at various time points, whereas overexpression of MSTRG.59589 demonstrated opposite effects. An MSTRG.59589 knockdown cell model was constructed for transcriptome sequencing, and RNA sequencing analysis screened out a large number of differentially expressed genes. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analyses of these differentially expressed genes revealed that they are mainly enriched in actin cytoskeleton, muscle contraction, and other pathways related to muscle development. Mechanistic analyses showed that MSTRG.59589 could promote the differentiation process of skeletal muscle satellite cells by positively regulating the expression level of the target gene PALLD. This experiment lays a theoretical foundation for deeper studies on the mechanism of MSTRG.59589 in the differentiation of porcine skeletal muscle satellite cells.

12.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(9): 842-845, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615183

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of six-step manipulation combined with extracorporeal shock wave in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with KOA from December 2016 to June 2018 were divided into control group and treatment group, 38 in each group. The patients in the control group were treated with oral medicine combined with extracorporeal shock wave therapy, while the patients in the treatment group were treated with six-step manipulation combined with shock wave therapy. The VAS score, WOMAC score and clinical efficacy of the two groups were compared before treatment, 1 day, 1 month and 6 months after treatment. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in VAS score and WOMAC score between the two groups before treatment(P>0.05). VAS score and WOMAC score in treatment group were significantly lower than those in control group at 1 day, 1 month and 6 months after treatment, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Six-step manipulation combined with extracorporeal shock wave therapy can significantly alleviate pain and improve knee function in patients with knee osteoarthritis, and the clinical effect is obvious.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 46(11): 2228-2234, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31372671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, semiquantitative time-intensity curve (TIC) analysis based on DCE-MRI and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value-based diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) were used to improve the diagnostic efficiency when diagnosing parotid tumors (PTs). However, quantitative DCE-MRI biomarkers have not been emphasized previously. PURPOSE: To explore the diagnostic efficiency of perfusion parameters alone or in combination based on quantitative DCE-MRI and DWI in the differential diagnosis of PTs. METHODS: In total, 112 patients with parotid masses were prospectively recruited in our hospital from August 2013 to March 2017. All patients were evaluated with DCE-MRI and DWI before surgery. TIC and quantitative parameters based on DCE MRI and ADCs were analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic analysis and linear discriminant analysis (LDA) was used to determine their diagnostic performance. RESULTS: In total, 87% (27/31) of pleomorphic adenoma (PA) showed type A TIC, 74% (65/88) of Warthin's tumors showed type B TIC, and 95% (19/20) of malignant tumors showed TIC type C. Pearson X2 test showed a significant difference between TIC patterns in benign and malignant tumors (X2 = 38.78, p < 0.001). ROC analysis revealed that ADC achieved the best diagnostic performance for distinguishing PA and Warthin's tumor from others, with area under the curve (AUC) values of 0.945 and 0.925 (p < 0.01), respectively. Furthermore, the TIC type was the only useful biomarker for distinguishing malignant from benign PTs, with an AUC of 0.846 (p < 0.01). Concerning the accuracy of the combined application of multiple parameters of DCE-MRI and ADC values, a combination of TIC pattern and extracellular volume ratio (Ve) provided the best results among five protocols, producing the highest accuracy of 0.75, followed by the combined use of the TIC pattern and ADC (accuracy was 0.70). CONCLUSION: TIC pattern in combination with the Ve biomarker based on DCE-MRI could achieve optimal diagnostic accuracy in the differential diagnosis of PTs.


Assuntos
Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Neoplasias Parotídeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Análise Discriminante , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(37): 10285-10295, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443611

RESUMO

Fluoride (F) is capable of promoting abnormal proliferation and differentiation in primary cultured mouse osteoblasts (OB cells), although the underlying mechanism responsible remains rare. This study aimed to explore the roles of wingless and INT-1 (Wnt) signaling pathways and screen appropriate doses of calcium (Ca2+) to alleviate the sodium fluoride (NaF)-induced OB cell toxicity. For this, we evaluated the effect of dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1) and Ca2+ on mRNA levels of wingless/integrated 3a (Wnt3a), low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5), dishevelled 1 (Dv1), glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK3ß), ß-catenin, lymphoid enhancer binding factor 1 (LEF1), and cellular myelocytomatosis oncogene (cMYC), as well as Ccnd1 (Cyclin D1) in OB cells challenged with 10-6 mol/L NaF for 24 h. The demonstrated data showed that F significantly increased the OB cell proliferation rate. Ectogenic 0.5 mg/L DKK1 significantly inhibited the proliferation of OB cells induced by F. The mRNA expression levels of Wnt3a, LRP5, Dv1, LEF1, ß-catenin, cMYC, and Ccnd1 were significantly increased in the F group, while significantly decreased in the 10-6 mol/L NaF + 0.5 mg/L DKK1 (FY) group. The mRNA expression levels of Wnt3a, LRP5, ß-catenin, and cMYC were significantly decreased in the 10-6 mol/L NaF + 2 mmol/L CaCl2 (F+CaII) group. The protein expression levels of Wnt3a, Cyclin D1, cMYC, and ß-catenin were significantly increased in the F group, whereas they were decreased in the F+CaII group. However, the mRNA and protein expression levels of GSK3ß were significantly decreased in the F group while significantly increased in the F+CaII group. In summary, F activated the canonical Wnt/ß-catenin pathway and changed the related gene expression and ß-catenin protein location in OB cells, promoting cell proliferation. Ca2+ supplementation (2 mmol/L) reversed the expression levels of genes and proteins related to the canonical Wnt/ß-catenin pathway.


Assuntos
Cálcio/metabolismo , Fluoretos/efeitos adversos , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Proteína-5 Relacionada a Receptor de Lipoproteína de Baixa Densidade/genética , Proteína-5 Relacionada a Receptor de Lipoproteína de Baixa Densidade/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Osteoblastos/classificação , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Proteínas Wnt/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos , beta Catenina/genética
15.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(39): 10832-10843, 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464433

RESUMO

Excessive fluoride mainly causes skeletal lesions. Recently, it has been reported that an appropriate level of calcium can alleviate fluorosis. However, the appropriate concentration and mechanism of calcium addition is unclear. Hence, we evaluated the histopathology and ultrastructure, DNA fragmentation, hormonal imbalances, biomechanical levels, and expression of apoptosis-related genes after treating the rats with 150 mg/L NaF and different concentrations of CaCO3. Our results suggested that NaF induced the histopathological and ultrastructural injury, with a concomitant increase in the DNA fragmentation (P < 0.05) and serum OC (17.5 ± 0.89 pmoL/L) at 120 days. In addition, the qRT-PCR and western blotting results indicated that NaF exposure upregulated the mRNA and protein expression of Bax, Calpain, Caspase 12, Caspase 9, Caspase 7, Caspase 3, CAD, PARP, and AIF while downregulated Bcl-2 (P < 0.01) and decreased the bone ultimate load by 27.1%, the ultimate stress by 10.1%, and the ultimate deformity by 23.3% at 120 days. However, 1% CaCO3 supplementation decreased the serum OC (14.7 ± 0.65 pmoL/L), bone F content (P < 0.01), and fracture and breakage of collagen fibers and changed the expression of endoplasmic reticulum pathway-related genes and proteins at 120 days. Further, 1% CaCO3 supplementation increased the bone ultimate load by 20.9%, the ultimate stress by 4.89%, and the ultimate deformity by 21.6%. In summary, we conclude that 1% CaCO3 supplementation alleviated fluoride-induced bone damage by inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum stress and mitochondrial dysfunction.


Assuntos
Osso e Ossos/efeitos dos fármacos , Cálcio/metabolismo , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluoretos/toxicidade , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Caspases/genética , Caspases/metabolismo , Fragmentação do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 2951427, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31341893

RESUMO

Muscle growth and fat deposition are the two important biological processes in the development of pigs which are closely related to the pig production performance. Long intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs), with lack of coding potential and the length of at least 200nt, have been extensively studied to play important roles in many biological processes. However, the importance and molecular regulation mechanism of lincRNAs in the process of muscle growth and fat deposition in pigs are still to be further studied comprehensively. In our study, we used the data, including liver, abdominal fat, and longissimus dorsi muscle of 240 days' age of two F2 full-sib female individuals from the white Duroc and Erhualian crossbreed, to identify 581 putative lincRNAs associated with pig muscle growth and fat deposition. The 581 putative lincRNAs shared many common features with other mammalian lincRNAs, such as fewer exons, lower expression levels, and shorter transcript lengths. Cross-tissue comparisons showed that many transcripts were tissue-specific and were involved in the important biological processes in their corresponding tissues. Gene ontology and pathway analysis revealed that many potential target genes (PTGs) of putative lincRNAs were involved in pig muscle growth and fat deposition-related processes, including muscle cell proliferation, lipid metabolism, and fatty acid degradation. In Quantitative Trait Locus (QTLs) analysis, some PTGs were screened from putative lincRNAs, MRPL12 is associated with muscle growth, GCGR and SLC25A10 were associated with fat deposition, and PPP3CA, DPYD, and FGGY were related not only to muscle growth but also to fat deposition. Therefore, it implied that these lincRNAs might participate in the biological processes related to muscle growth or fat deposition through homeostatic regulation of PTGs, but the detailed molecular regulatory mechanisms still needed to be further explored. This study lays the molecular foundation for the in-depth study of the role of lincRNAs in the pig muscle growth and fat deposition and further provides the new molecular markers for understanding the complex biological mechanisms of pig muscle growth and fat deposition.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Lipogênese/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/biossíntese , Suínos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Feminino
17.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 35(6): 1097-1108, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232006

RESUMO

In order to explore the mechanisms underlying the calcium alleviating fluorosis at protein level, we made an attempt to establish fluorosis and calcium supplementation rat models to isolate and identify bone differential proteins. The bone proteins of different groups were compared by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), and analyzed by gene ontology annotation, pathway enrichment and interaction networks. The 17 proteins were identified in the fluorosis group (F) and the fluorosis calcium supplement group (F+Ca), including type I collagen (Col1a1), actin (Actb), protein glutamine transferase 2 (Tgm2), compared with the control group (C). These differential proteins are enriched in 38 bone metabolic pathways such as focal adhesion, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, and AMPK signaling pathway. And the functions of these proteins are mainly related to cytoskeleton, energy metabolism, substance transport, ion channel, and apoptosis. Therefore, it is speculated that calcium may alleviate the fluoride-induced bone damage by regulating the focal adhesion, PI3K-Akt, AMPK and other signaling pathway, but the specific mechanism needs further research.


Assuntos
Fluorose Dentária , Animais , Cálcio , Suplementos Nutricionais , Intoxicação por Flúor , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Ratos
18.
Food Funct ; 10(6): 3334-3343, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31095141

RESUMO

This study was conducted to investigate the effect and underlying mechanism of Resveratrol (RES) in regulating skeletal muscle fiber-type switching. We found that RES had no effect on the body weight and food intake of Kunming mice (KM mice) that were orally administered with 400 mg kg-1 d-1 RES for 12 weeks. Notably, the RES administration significantly increased the expression of myosin heavy chain (MyHC) 1, MyHC2a, and MyHC2x in the extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and soleus (SOL) muscles. Furthermore, the muscle immunostaining of the results showed that the RES treatment led to the myofiber type transition from glycolytic to oxidative in muscles. The mRNA and protein levels of the adiponectin receptor (AdipoR), AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) in EDL and SOL were drastically increased after RES treatment. Moreover, the plasma Adiponectin (AdipoQ) protein levels were higher in the RES-treated mice compared to the control mice. Moreover, the in vitro results further demonstrated that the 20 µM RES treatment increased the expression of AdipoR1, AdipoR2, AMPK, PGC-1α and MyHC1, but decreased the expression of MyHC2b in C2C12 myoblasts. Furthermore, mechanistic studies revealed that silencing the AdiopR1, not the AdiopR2, abolished the effect of RES on the expression of AMPK and PGC-1α in the C2C12 cells. These results indicated that RES could regulate skeletal fiber switching through the AdiopR1-AMPK-PGC-1α pathway. This work may provide a new strategy for enhancing endurance and relieving muscle diseases caused by oxidative muscle fiber deficiency.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/metabolismo , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/metabolismo , Receptores de Adiponectina/metabolismo , Resveratrol/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/genética , Adiponectina/sangue , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/enzimologia , Mioblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Mioblastos/metabolismo , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/genética , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/metabolismo , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/genética , Receptores de Adiponectina/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Genome Res ; 29(5): 798-808, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30940689

RESUMO

Here, we describe single-tube long fragment read (stLFR), a technology that enables sequencing of data from long DNA molecules using economical second-generation sequencing technology. It is based on adding the same barcode sequence to subfragments of the original long DNA molecule (DNA cobarcoding). To achieve this efficiently, stLFR uses the surface of microbeads to create millions of miniaturized barcoding reactions in a single tube. Using a combinatorial process, up to 3.6 billion unique barcode sequences were generated on beads, enabling practically nonredundant cobarcoding with 50 million barcodes per sample. Using stLFR, we demonstrate efficient unique cobarcoding of more than 8 million 20- to 300-kb genomic DNA fragments. Analysis of the human genome NA12878 with stLFR demonstrated high-quality variant calling and phase block lengths up to N50 34 Mb. We also demonstrate detection of complex structural variants and complete diploid de novo assembly of NA12878. These analyses were all performed using single stLFR libraries, and their construction did not significantly add to the time or cost of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) library preparation. stLFR represents an easily automatable solution that enables high-quality sequencing, phasing, SV detection, scaffolding, cost-effective diploid de novo genome assembly, and other long DNA sequencing applications.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma/métodos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Diploide , Biblioteca Gênica , Genoma Humano , Genômica , Haplótipos/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/economia , Humanos , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma/economia
20.
Chemosphere ; 226: 201-209, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30927672

RESUMO

The mechanism of GSTO1, as a high-risk factor for neurological damage, in sodium fluoride (NaF)-induced learning and memory impairment remained still unclear. Hence, in this study, we used the siRNA-GSTO1 HT22 model to explore the effect of NaF and siRNA-GSTO1 on the viability, and proliferation rate of HT22 cells, as well as the mRNA and protein expression levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) response element binding protein (CREB), neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM), stem cell factor (SCF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). The results of MTT showed that 10-3, 10-4, and 10-5 moL/L sodium fluoride (NaF) exposure could significantly promote the proliferation of HT22 cells at 24 h, 36 h, and 48 h, respectively. In addition, our results showed that exposure to 10-3, 10-4, and 10-5 moL/l NaF increased GSTO1 mRNA and protein expression, but decreased CREB and BDNF expression levels in a dose and time-dependent manner. The mRNA and protein expressions of GSTO1, CREB and BDNF were significantly decreased in the siRNA-GSTO1 and NaF + siRNA-GSTO1 group (P < 0.05). We have shown that various NaF doses affected the learning and memory ability by down-regulation the expressions of CREB, BDNF, NCAM and SCF. In summary, we concluded that GSTO1 plays a mediator role in NaF-induced neurological damage.


Assuntos
Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo , Proteínas de Transporte/fisiologia , Glutationa Transferase/fisiologia , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Moléculas de Adesão de Célula Nervosa , Fluoreto de Sódio/efeitos adversos , Animais , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa Transferase/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa Transferase/metabolismo , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Hipocampo/patologia , Deficiências da Aprendizagem/induzido quimicamente , Transtornos da Memória/induzido quimicamente , Camundongos , Moléculas de Adesão de Célula Nervosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Moléculas de Adesão de Célula Nervosa/metabolismo , Fator de Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Células-Tronco/metabolismo
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