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1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35439866

RESUMO

The Second Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University treated a patient with oral sulfur mixture poisoning on January 14, 2020. The patient presented with cyanosis and disturbance of consciousness as the first manifestations, accompanied by metabolic acidosis, shock, hypercalcemia and severe liver function and myocardial damage. The patient was given active treatment, including gastric lavage, blood purification, methylene blue application, correction of shock, organ support and other therapies. However the treatment was poor. Finally, the patient's family chose to give up and requested to be discharged from the hospital, and the patient died on the same day after follow-up.


Assuntos
Envenenamento , Sulfetos , Compostos de Cálcio , Humanos , Envenenamento/terapia
3.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 43(3): 221-228, 2022 Mar 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35405780

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate whether haplotype hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) is effective in the treatment of pre transplant minimal residual disease (Pre-MRD) positive acute B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) compared with HLA- matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) . Methods: A total of 998 patients with B-ALL in complete remission pre-HSCT who either received haplo-HSCT (n=788) or underwent MSDT (n=210) were retrospectively analyzed. The pre-transplantation leukemia burden was evaluated according to Pre-MRD determinedusing multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) . Results: Of these patients, 997 (99.9% ) achieved sustained, full donor chimerism. The 100-day cumulative incidences of neutrophil engraftment, platelet engraftment, and grades Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were 99.9% (997/998) , 95.3% (951/998) , and 26.6% (95% CI 23.8% -29.4% ) , respectively. The 3-year cumulative incidence of total chronic GVHD was 49.1% (95% CI 45.7% -52.4% ) . The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) and non-relapse mortality (NRM) of the 998 cases were 17.3% (95% CI 15.0% -19.7% ) and 13.8% (95% CI 11.6% -16.0% ) , respectively. The 3-year probabilities of leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) were 69.1% (95% CI 66.1% -72.1% ) and 73.0% (95% CI 70.2% -75.8% ) , respectively. In the total patient group, cases with positive Pre-MRD (n=282) experienced significantly higher CIR than that of subjects with negative Pre-MRD [n=716, 31.6% (95% CI 25.8% -37.5% ) vs 14.3% (95% CI 11.4% -17.2% ) , P<0.001]. For patients in the positive Pre-MRD subgroup, cases treated with haplo-HSCT (n=219) had a lower 3-year CIR than that of cases who underwent MSDT [n=63, 27.2% (95% CI 21.0% -33.4% ) vs 47.0% (95% CI 33.8% -60.2% ) , P=0.002]. The total 998 cases were classified as five subgroups, including cases with negative Pre-MRD group (n=716) , cases with Pre-MRD<0.01% group (n=46) , cases with Pre-MRD 0.01% -<0.1% group (n=117) , cases with Pre-MRD 0.1% -<1% group (n=87) , and cases with Pre-MRD≥1% group (n=32) . For subjects in the Pre-MRD<0.01% group, haplo-HSCT (n=40) had a lower CIR than that of MSDT [n=6, 10.0% (95% CI 0.4% -19.6% ) vs 32.3% (95% CI 0% -69.9% ) , P=0.017]. For patients in the Pre-MRD 0.01% -<0.1% group, haplo-HSCT (n=81) also had a lower 3-year CIR than that of MSDT [n=36, 20.4% (95% CI 10.4% -30.4% ) vs 47.0% (95% CI 29.2% -64.8% ) , P=0.004]. In the other three subgroups, the 3-year CIR was comparable between patients who underwent haplo-HSCT and those received MSDT. A subgroup analysis of patients with Pre-MRD<0.1% (n=163) was performed, the results showed that cases received haplo-HSCT (n=121) experienced lower 3-year CIR [16.0% (95% CI 9.4% -22.7% ) vs 40.5% (95% CI 25.2% -55.8% ) , P<0.001], better 3-year LFS [78.2% (95% CI 70.6% -85.8% ) vs 47.6% (95% CI 32.2% -63.0% ) , P<0.001] and OS [80.5% (95% CI 73.1% -87.9% ) vs 54.6% (95% CI 39.2% -70.0% ) , P<0.001] than those of MSDT (n=42) , but comparable in 3-year NRM [5.8% (95% CI 1.6% -10.0% ) vs 11.9% (95% CI 2.0% -21.8% ) , P=0.188]. Multivariate analysis showed that haplo-HSCT was associated with lower CIR (HR=0.248, 95% CI 0.131-0.472, P<0.001) , and superior LFS (HR=0.275, 95% CI 0.157-0.483, P<0.001) and OS (HR=0.286, 95% CI 0.159-0.513, P<0.001) . Conclusion: Haplo HSCT has a survival advantage over MSDT in the treatment of B-ALL patients with pre MRD<0.1% .


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia de Células B , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Linfócitos B , Antígenos HLA/genética , Haplótipos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Leucemia de Células B/complicações , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/complicações , Neoplasia Residual , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Irmãos
4.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 93(4): 043506, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489959

RESUMO

Ion cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH), one of the main auxiliary methods, for high-power and long-pulse plasma heating had been developed in Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST). An impedance matching system, one important part of ICRH, had been developed for high-power injection and transmitter protection by reducing the reflected power from the antenna. The input impedance in the outlet of the stub tuner can be measured by voltage-current probes installed on the coaxial transmission line between the antenna and triple liquid stub tuners, and the optimum liquid levels in the stub tuners can be calculated based on the input impedance. The calculation and adjustment process of the optimum liquid levels are described comprehensively in this article. Finally, impedance matching had been achieved between two shots during EAST experiments. In the near future, a real-time impedance matching system will be developed to prevent large variations of the ICRH antenna impedance and achieve steady-state and long-pulse operation with the ICRH system.

5.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(5): 1738-1742, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35302223

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to find an accurate and fast method to diagnose the pathogen of bronchiectasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten bronchiectasic patients diagnosed with Mucoid Pseudomonas Aeruginosa (MPA) in the past two years were analyzed. Accuracy and time were compared between microbiology rapid on-site evaluation (M-ROSE) and sputum bacterial culture. RESULTS: The accuracy rate of M-ROSE in the patients is 100% consistent with bacterial culture results. The average time of M-ROSE is about 4.3 min, which is over 1000 times shorter than that of sputum bacterial culture. CONCLUSIONS: M-ROSE may be a better method for etiological diagnosis of MPA.


Assuntos
Bronquiectasia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Bactérias , Bronquiectasia/diagnóstico , Bronquiectasia/microbiologia , Humanos , Escarro
6.
ESMO Open ; 7(2): 100453, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35344750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No validated biomarkers currently exist for predicting the efficacy outcomes in patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) treated with antiangiogenic therapy. We aimed to evaluate the association between treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) and efficacy outcomes of surufatinib in patients with advanced NET. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included patients with NET treated with surufatinib in two multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase III trials (SANET-p and SANET-ep) in this study. The main exposure was the presence of any of the TRAEs including hypertension, proteinuria, and hemorrhage in the first 4 weeks of surufatinib treatment. The primary outcome of the study was investigator-assessed progression-free survival (PFS). PFS outcomes were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method with the log-rank test. Hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated by using univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression models. Blinded independent image review committee (BIIRC) assessments and 4-week landmark analysis were also performed as supportive evaluations. RESULTS: During the study period, a total of 242 patients treated with surufatinib were included in the analysis, and 164 (68%) patients had at least one of hypertension, proteinuria, and hemorrhage in the first 4 weeks of treatment. The presence of TRAEs in the first 4 weeks was associated with prolonged median PFS [11.1 versus 9.2 months; HR 0.67, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.47-0.97; P = 0.036]. In multivariable Cox regression analysis, the presence of TRAEs was also significantly associated with longer PFS (HR 0.65, 95% CI 0.44-0.97; P = 0.035). Similar results were obtained in the BIIRC assessments and 4-week landmark analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment-related hypertension, proteinuria, and hemorrhage could be potential biomarkers to predict antitumor efficacy of surufatinib in patients with advanced NET. Future prospective studies are needed to validate the findings. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.govNCT02589821; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02589821 and ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02588170; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02588170.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Humanos , Indóis , Masculino , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/tratamento farmacológico , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Proteinúria , Pirimidinas , Sulfonamidas
8.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 4459, 2022 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35292702

RESUMO

Considering cell migration is essential for understanding physiological processes and diseases. The vertical migration of cells in three dimensions is vital, but most previous studies on cell migration have only focused on two-dimensional horizontal migration. In this paper, cell migration in the vertical direction was studied. Barriers with a height of 1, 5, 10, and 25 µm with grating and arrows in channels as guiding patterns were fabricated. The effects of barrier height and guiding patterns on the vertical migration of MC3T3 cells were explored. The study revealed that taller barriers hinder vertical migration of MC3T3 cells, whereas grating and arrows in channels promote it. The time-lapse and micrograph images showed that as the barrier height increased, the cell climbing angle along the barrier sidewall decreased, and the time taken to climb over the barrier increased. These results indicate that taller barriers increase the difficulty of vertical migration by MC3T3 cells. To promote the vertical migration of MC3T3 cells, 10 µm tall barriers with 18° and 40° sloped sidewalls were fabricated. For barriers with 18° sloped sidewalls, the probability for MC3T3 cells to climb up and down the 10 µm tall barriers was 40.6% and 20.3%, respectively; this is much higher than the migration probability over vertical barriers. This study shows topographic guidance on the vertical migration of MC3T3 cells and broadens the understanding of cell migration in the vertical direction.


Assuntos
Osteoblastos , Movimento Celular/fisiologia
9.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 60(3): 197-202, 2022 Mar 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35240738

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prognostic factors of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) who had undergone cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in China. Methods: From November 2017 to October 2018, this retrospective multi-center study was conducted in 11 hospitals in China. It contained data from 281 cases who had undergone CPR and all of the subjects were divided into CHD group and non-CHD group. The general condition, duration of CPR, epinephrine doses during resuscitation, recovery of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), discharge survival rate and pediatric cerebral performance category in viable children at discharge were compared. According to whether malignant arrhythmia is the direct cause of cardiopulmonary arrest or not, children in CHD and non-CHD groups were divided into 2 subgroups: arrhythmia and non-arrhythmia, and the ROSC and survival rate to discharge were compared. Data in both groups were analyzed by t-test, chi-square analysis or ANOVA, and logistic regression were used to analyze the prognostic factors for ROSC and survival to discharge after cardiac arrest (CA). Results: The incidence of CA in PICU was 3.2% (372/11 588), and the implementation rate of CPR was 75.5% (281/372). There were 144 males and 137 females with median age of 32.8 (5.6, 42.7) months in all 281 CPA cases who received CPR. CHD group had 56 cases while non-CHD had 225 cases, with the percentage of 19.9% (56/281) and 80.1% (225/281) respectively. The proportion of female in CHD group was 60.7% (34/56) which was higher than that in non-CHD group (45.8%, 103/225) (χ2=4.00, P=0.045). There were no differences in ROSC and rate of survival to discharge between the two groups (P>0.05). The ROSC rate of children with arthythmid in CHD group was 70.0% (28/40), higher than 6/16 for non-arrhythmic children (χ2=5.06, P=0.024). At discharge, the pediatric cerebral performance category scores (1-3 scores) of CHD and non-CHD child were 50.9% (26/51) and 44.9% (92/205) respectively. Logistic regression analysis indicated that the independent prognostic factors of ROSC and survival to discharge in children with CHD were CPR duration (odds ratio (OR)=0.95, 0.97; 95%CI: 0.92~0.97, 0.95~0.99; both P<0.05) and epinephrine dosage (OR=0.87 and 0.79, 95%CI: 0.76-1.00 and 0.69-0.89, respectively; both P<0.05). Conclusions: There is no difference between CHD and non-CHD children in ROSC and survival rate of survival to discharge was low. The epinephrine dosage and the duration of CPR are related to the ROSC and survival to discharge of children with CHD.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Parada Cardíaca , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(12): 870-876, 2022 Mar 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35330581

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical features and spinal lesions related to micturitionin of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome(CP/CPPS) patients. Methods: Patients with CP/CPPS were enrolled to this study at the outpatient department of Tongji Hospital between January and June 2019. The data of clinical features was collected and analyzed, including lower urinary tract symptoms(LUTS), bowel syndrome and pain over different parts of body, as well as lower urinary tract dysfunction, spinal lesions and pelvic organ morphological changes demonstrated by MRI. The potential role of spinal lesions in the development of CP/CPPS syndrome was investigated. Results: A total of 126 CP/CPPS patients were included, with an age[M(Q1,Q3)]of 41(31,53) years and a course of disease of 2(1,20) years. Among them, 126 (100.0%) were complicated with LUTS, 72(57.1%) with bowel dysfunction and 88(69.8%) with pain. MRI showed the cervical central disc herniation(126 cases, 100.0%), the ischemic changing in the cervical area of visceral efferant pathway(82 cases, 65.1%), the lumbar central disc herniation(65 cases, 51.6%), and the sacral nerve cysts(97 cases, 77.0%) are commonly seen. In addition, the morphological changes in the visceral organs containing smooth muscle were demonstrated, including thickened bladder wall(91 cases, 72.2%), distended seminal vesicles(70 cases, 55.6%) and distended sigmoid colon/rectum(59 cases, 46.8%). Conclusions: CP/CPPS patients were characterized by the co-existence of LUTS, bowel dysfunction and somatic pain in one individual. The presence of multi-organ symptoms, combined with the high prevalence of spinal lesions associated with micturition reflex, suggesting the potential role of the spinal lesions in the development of CP/CPPS.


Assuntos
Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior , Prostatite , Humanos , Masculino , Dor Pélvica , Prevalência , Prostatite/complicações , Prostatite/diagnóstico , Prostatite/epidemiologia , Síndrome
11.
ESMO Open ; 7(1): 100395, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35149428

RESUMO

Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is a transmembrane glycoprotein receptor with intracellular tyrosine kinase activity. Its alterations, including mutation, amplification and overexpression, could result in oncogenic potential and have been detected in many cancers such as non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Such alterations are, in general, considered markers of poor prognosis. Anti-HER2 antibody-drug conjugates, e.g. trastuzumab deruxtecan (T-DXd, DS-8201) and disitamab vedotin (RC48), were recently approved for HER2-positive breast and gastric cancers. Meanwhile, several HER2-targeted drugs, such as T-DXd, neratinib, afatinib, poziotinib and pyrotinib, have been evaluated in patients with advanced NSCLC, with several of them demonstrating clinical benefit. Therefore, identifying HER2 alterations is pivotal for NSCLC patients to benefit from these targeted therapies. Recent guidelines on HER2 testing were developed for breast and gastric cancer, however, and have not been fully established for NSCLC. The expert group here reached a consensus on HER2 alteration testing in NSCLC with the focus on clinicopathologic characteristics, therapies, detection methods and diagnostic criteria for HER2-altered NSCLC patients. We hope this consensus could improve the clinical management of NSCLC patients with HER2 alterations.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Consenso , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/uso terapêutico
12.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol ; 36(6): 873-880, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35122707

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Methazolamide (MTZ) has been occasionally linked to the lethal Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), which are associated with HLA-B*59:01. However, some MTZ-induced SJS/TEN (MTZ-SJS/TEN) cases are negative for HLA-B*59:01, implying that other genetic factors besides HLA-B*59:01 are contributing to MTZ-SJS/TEN. OBJECTIVES: To comprehensively identify HLA and non-HLA genetic susceptibility to MTZ-SJS/TEN in Han Chinese. METHODS: Eighteen patients with MTZ-SJS/TEN, 806 subjects of the population control and 74 MTZ-tolerant individuals were enrolled in this study. Both exome-wide and HLA-based association studies were conducted. Molecular docking analysis was employed to simulate the interactions between MTZ and risk HLA proteins. RESULTS: We found a strong signal in the major histocompatibility complex region on chromosome 6 with 22 SNPs reaching exome-wide significance. Compared with MTZ-tolerant controls, a significant association of HLA-B*59:01 with MTZ-SJS/TEN was validated [odds ratio (OR) = 146.00, 95% confidence interval (CI): 16.12-1321.98; P = 6.19 × 10-10 ]. Moreover, 66.7% of MTZ-SJS/TEN patients negative for HLA-B*59:01 were carriers of HLA-B*55:02, whilst 2.7% of the tolerant individuals were observed with HLA-B*55:02 (OR = 71.00, 95% CI: 7.84-643.10; P = 1.43 × 10-4 ). Within HLA-B protein, the E45-L116 motif could completely explain the association of HLA-B*59:01 and HLA-B*55:02 with MTZ-SJS/TEN (OR = 119.33, 95% CI: 29.19-1227.96; P = 4.36 × 10-13 ). Molecular docking analysis indicated that MTZ binds more stably to the pocket of HLA-B*59:01 and HLA-B*55:02 than to that of non-risk alleles of HLA-B*40:01 and HLA-C*01:02. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed the association of HLA-B*59:01 with MTZ-SJS/TEN and identified HLA-B*55:02 as a novel risk allele in Han Chinese with the largest sample size to date. Notably, the rs41562914(A)-rs12697944(A) haplotype, encoding E45-L116, is capable of serving as a powerful genetic predictor for MTZ-SJS/TEN with a sensitivity of 89% and specificity of 96%.


Assuntos
Metazolamida , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson , Anticonvulsivantes , China , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Humanos , Metazolamida/efeitos adversos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/genética
14.
Phys Rev Lett ; 128(5): 051102, 2022 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35179919

RESUMO

Recently, the LHAASO Collaboration published the detection of 12 ultrahigh-energy γ-ray sources above 100 TeV, with the highest energy photon reaching 1.4 PeV. The first detection of PeV γ rays from astrophysical sources may provide a very sensitive probe of the effect of the Lorentz invariance violation (LIV), which results in decay of high-energy γ rays in the superluminal scenario and hence a sharp cutoff of the energy spectrum. Two highest energy sources are studied in this work. No signature of the existence of the LIV is found in their energy spectra, and the lower limits on the LIV energy scale are derived. Our results show that the first-order LIV energy scale should be higher than about 10^{5} times the Planck scale M_{Pl} and that the second-order LIV scale is >10^{-3}M_{Pl}. Both limits improve by at least one order of magnitude the previous results.

15.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 58(2): 146-148, 2022 Feb 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35144355

RESUMO

Iridocorneal endothelial syndrome is a rare ophthalmic disease, most of which are unilateral and common in women. The rate of misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis is relatively high due to its various clinical manifestations. In this case, the patient presented uncontrollable high intraocular pressure, corneal edema leading to difficult observation of corneal endothelium morphology, and accompanied by a small amount of iris neovascularization. No clearly diagnosis was made before glaucoma surgery. Further examination was performed after corneal clearance, and the final diagnosis was iris corneal endothelial syndrome (Chandler syndrome).


Assuntos
Doenças da Córnea , Edema da Córnea , Glaucoma , Síndrome Endotelial Iridocorneana , Doenças da Íris , Endotélio Corneano , Feminino , Glaucoma/diagnóstico , Humanos , Síndrome Endotelial Iridocorneana/diagnóstico , Iris/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Íris/diagnóstico
16.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 43(2): 292-298, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34992126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Knowledge of anatomic markers of the hand motor cortex is essential in the evaluation and treatment of motor neurologic diseases for both adults and developing populations. However, hand motor cortex variants in developing brains remain to be investigated. Our objective was to observe morphologic variants of the hand motor cortex in developing brains from neonates through childhood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 542 participants (0∼15 years of age) were retrospectively enrolled and divided into different age groups. The hand motor cortex morphology was evaluated on the basis of 3D T1WI. Variations in hand motor cortex variants were compared among different age groups. Inter-gender and interhemispheric differences of hand motor cortex variants were also evaluated. RESULTS: Various hand motor cortex variants could be observed in developing brains, even in the neonatal period. One new morphologic shape, "immature Ω," was found in neonates and infants. The proportion of this new shape decreased dramatically during the first year after birth, then disappeared after 1 year of age. It persisted for a longer time in the right hemisphere and in males. However, sex or hemispheric effects on the distribution of the proportion of variants were not statistically significant. Furthermore, the proportion of concordance of the bilateral hand motor cortex showed an increasing trend with age (P = .006), higher in females than males. CONCLUSIONS: Various hand motor cortex variants already existed at birth. The distribution of proportions of different variants developmentally varied during the first year after birth and became stable after 1 year of age. The concordance of the bilateral hand motor cortex could be influenced by age and sex.


Assuntos
Córtex Motor , Adulto , Encéfalo , Criança , Feminino , Lateralidade Funcional , Mãos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Córtex Motor/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
ESMO Open ; 7(1): 100341, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34973513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the randomized phase III KEYNOTE-181 study, pembrolizumab prolonged overall survival (OS) compared with chemotherapy as second-line therapy in patients with advanced esophageal cancer and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) combined positive score (CPS) ≥10. We report a post hoc subgroup analysis of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) enrolled in KEYNOTE-181 in Asia, including patients from the KEYNOTE-181 China extension study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three hundred and forty Asian patients with advanced/metastatic ESCC were enrolled in KEYNOTE-181, including the China cohort. Patients were randomly assigned 1 : 1 to receive pembrolizumab 200 mg every 3 weeks for ≤2 years or investigator's choice of paclitaxel, docetaxel, or irinotecan. OS, progression-free survival, response, and safety were analyzed without formal comparisons. OS was evaluated based on PD-L1 CPS expression level. RESULTS: In Asian patients with ESCC, median OS was 10.0 months with pembrolizumab and 6.5 months with chemotherapy [hazard ratio (HR), 0.63; 95% CI 0.50-0.80; nominal P < 0.0001]. Median progression-free survival was 2.3 months with pembrolizumab and 3.1 months with chemotherapy (HR, 0.79; 95% CI 0.63-0.99; nominal P = 0.020). Objective response rate was 17.1% with pembrolizumab and 7.1% with chemotherapy; median duration of response was 10.5 months and 7.7 months, respectively. In patients with PD-L1 CPS <1 tumors (pembrolizumab versus chemotherapy), the HR was 0.99 (95% CI 0.56-1.72); the HR (95% CI) for death was better for patients with PD-L1 CPS cut-offs >1 [CPS ≥1, 0.57 (0.44-0.75); CPS ≥5, 0.56 (0.41-0.76); CPS ≥10, 0.53 (0.37-0.75)]. Treatment-related adverse events were reported in 71.8% of patients in the pembrolizumab group and 89.8% in the chemotherapy group; grade 3-5 events were reported in 20.0% and 44.6%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Pembrolizumab monotherapy demonstrated promising efficacy in Asian patients with ESCC, with fewer treatment-related adverse events than chemotherapy. PD-L1 CPS ≥1 is an appropriate cut-off and a predictive marker of pembrolizumab efficacy in Asian patients with ESCC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/farmacologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/induzido quimicamente , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos
19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35090208

RESUMO

Objective: Using propensity score matching method(PSM) to investigate the clinical effect of surgical plus radio(chemo)therapy and non-surgery chemoradiotherapy treatment strategies for advanced tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 324 patients diagnosed with advanced tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma and treated in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2000 to 2018, confirmed by pathology and without distant metastasis. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier estimates, the Cox proportional hazards model, and propensity score matching(PSM). Results: Of the 324 patients, 102 were treated with non-surgery chemoradiotherapy treatment strategies and 222 with surgical plus radio(chemo)therapy treatment. Cox multivariate analysis showed that the non-surgery treatment group had a favorable prognosis than the surgical treatment group, however, these outcomes were not significantly different [overall survival(OS): adjusted Hazard Ratios(aHR): 0.92, 95% confidence interval(CI): 0.60-1.42; disease-specific survival(DSS): aHR: 0.71, 95%CI: 0.43-1.20; disease-free survival(DFS): aHR: 0.82, 95%CI: 0.53-1.28]. The new patient cohort consisted of 102 subpairs after PSM. There were no significant differences between two groups(OS: aHR: 0.85, 95%CI: 0.51-1.40; DSS: aHR: 0.62, 95%CI: 0.35-1.11; DFS: aHR: 0.80, 95%CI: 0.49-1.33). Conclusion: Our findings indicate that patients with non-surgical treatment do not have significantly better survival outcomes compared to surgical treatment group, while non-surgical treatment has advantages in improving the quality of life of patients, so comprehensive treatment based on radiotherapy and chemotherapy may be recommended for advanced tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Tonsilares , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Tonsilares/terapia
20.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 74(2): 258-267, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822727

RESUMO

Cinnamomum camphora chvar. Borneol essential oil (BEO) was efficiently extracted by using pilot-plant neutral cellulase-assisted steam distillation (NCSD). Borneol, ß-cadinene and α-caryophyllene were identified as major components. Bacillus subtilis was the most sensitive bacteria to BEO with the lowest minimal inhibition concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericial concentration (MBC) at 1·75 and 3·50 mg ml-1 , respectively. Antimicrobial activity of the BEO was also reasonably high against Salmonella typhimurium, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, but not sensitive against two fungi, i.e. Aspergillus niger and Penicillium aurantiogriseum. Changes in permeability and integrity of cell membrane, damage of cell wall and further leakage out of metabolites and ions were determined as bactericidal mechanisms of BEO against the two gram-positive bacteria. The BEO showed a reasonably high repelling activity of dust mite, which achieved higher than 95% repelling dust mite activity after the treatment of BEO solution at 0·50 mg ml-1 . When the concentration of BEO was higher than 0·50 mg ml-1 , it was B-grade miticide with miticidal activity higher than 95%. Miticidal procedures were characterized as excitation, contraction, relaxation and lastly leading to the death of dust mite. It is speculated that the BEO would cause dehydration and death of dust mite as neuromuscular toxicity.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Celulase , Cinnamomum camphora , Ácaros , Óleos Voláteis , Animais , Antibacterianos , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Canfanos , Destilação , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Vapor
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