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1.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33149145

RESUMO

Anexelekto (AXL), a member of the TYRO3-AXL-MER (TAM) family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK), is overexpressed in varieties of tumor tissues and promotes tumor development by regulating cell proliferation, migration and invasion. In this study, we investigated the role of AXL in regulating glycolysis in human ovarian cancer (OvCa) cells. We showed that the expression of AXL mRNA and protein was significantly higher in OvCa tissue than that in normal ovarian epithelial tissue. In human OvCa cell lines suppression of AXL significantly inhibited cell proliferation, and increased the sensitivity of OvCa cells to cisplatin, which also proved by nude mice tumor formation experiment. KEGG analysis showed that AXL was significantly enriched in the glycolysis pathways of cancer. Changes in AXL expression in OvCa cells affect tumor glycolysis. We demonstrated that the promotion effect of AXL on glycolysis was mediated by phosphorylating the M2 isoform of pyruvate kinase (PKM2) at Y105. AXL expression was significantly higher in cisplatin-resistant OvCa cells A2780/DDP compared with the parental A2780 cells. Inhibition of AXL decreased the level of glycolysis in A2780/DDP cells, and increased the cytotoxicity of cisplatin against A2780/DDP cells, suggesting that AXL-mediated glycolysis was associated with cisplatin resistance in OvCa. In conclusion, this study demonstrates for the first time that AXL is involved in the regulation of the Warburg effect. Our results not only highlight the clinical value of targeting AXL, but also provide theoretical basis for the combination of AXL inhibitor and cisplatin in the treatment of OvCa.

2.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(11): 948, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144562

RESUMO

Oncogenic activation of the mTOR signaling pathway occurs frequently in tumor cells and contributes to the devastating features of cancer, including breast cancer. mTOR inhibitors rapalogs are promising anticancer agents in clinical trials; however, rapalogs resistance remains an unresolved clinical challenge. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms by which cells become resistant to rapalogs may guide the development of successful mTOR-targeted cancer therapy. In this study, we found that eEF-2K, which is overexpressed in cancer cells and is required for survival of stressed cells, was involved in the negative-feedback activation of Akt and cytoprotective autophagy induction in breast cancer cells in response to mTOR inhibitors. Therefore, disruption of eEF-2K simultaneously abrogates the two critical resistance signaling pathways, sensitizing breast cancer cells to rapalogs. Importantly, we identified mitoxantrone, an admitted anticancer drug for a wide range of tumors, as a potential inhibitor of eEF-2K via a structure-based virtual screening strategy. We further demonstrated that mitoxantrone binds to eEF-2K and inhibits its activity, and the combination treatment of mitoxantrone and mTOR inhibitor resulted in significant synergistic cytotoxicity in breast cancer. In conclusion, we report that eEF-2K contributes to the activation of resistance signaling pathways of mTOR inhibitor, suggesting a novel strategy to enhance mTOR-targeted cancer therapy through combining mitoxantrone, an eEF-2K inhibitor.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179640

RESUMO

The water oxidation reaction is the pivotal half-reaction for photo-/electro-catalytic water splitting. Fabrication of high-efficiency and robust water oxidation is essential to realize wide-scale artificial photosynthesis. Here, we report an efficient strategy to improve the water oxidation activity of iridium oxide by a nitrogen-coordination method. Due to the coordination effect, the iridium oxide can be well dispersed to generate ultra-small nanoparticles and the intrinsic activity can be improved for the water oxidation reaction. This study suggests that high-performance water oxidation catalysts can be constructed based on a nitrogen-coordination strategy.

4.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33200159

RESUMO

Photothermal therapy (PTT) and chemodynamic therapy (CDT) are promising therapeutic modalities with high specificity, however, a single therapeutic modality cannot maximize therapeutic efficacy. In the present study, glucose oxidase (GOx) was decorated on N-doped carbon (NC) nanoparticles (NPs) as a biomimetic nanoenzyme (NC@GOx NPs), which could promote starvation therapy enhanced PTT and CDT against tumors. GOx could decompose to cut off the supply of energy and nutrients, inducing starvation therapy, which further lowered adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels, inducing downregulated heat shock proteins and creating a more suitable microenvironment for improving PTT efficacy. Meanwhile, the generated endogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) could be converted into hydroxyl radicals to attack cancer cells. In fact, in vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrated that NC@GOx NPs could effectively kill cancer cells and eliminate tumors. This design provides a strategy for synergistic cancer therapy by using biomimetic nanoenzymes.

5.
Biomater Sci ; 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210105

RESUMO

To overcome the restricted degradation, poor antiacterial and osteoindctive problems of magnesium and its alloys, this study presented the spinning coating of an antimicrobial peptide (AP)-loaded silk fibroin (SF) composite onto a corrosion-resistant MgO-coated AZ31 Mg alloy via anodization (aMgO) and electrodeposition (eMgO) methods. The composite coatings not only created a smooth and hydrophilic surface, but also obviously improved the corrosion resistance according to the test of corrosion potential and current density. The colonization of E. coli on MgO-AP composite coatings was significantly reduced as compared to the MgO layers, due to the potential synergetic effects of APs and Mg2+. Compared with the bare AZ31, the composite coating inhibited the corrosion of the substrate and the release of Mg2+, supported the adhesion, spreading and proliferation of osteoblasts, and presented a significantly improved osteogenic differentiation trend. Therefore, the MgO-AP composite coating, which had both antibacterial and bone-promoting abilities, was expected to be applied for surface modification of magnesium alloy implants to solve the clinical problems of bacterial infection and poor osseointegration.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33205940

RESUMO

The combination of gene therapy with chemotherapeutics provides an efficacious strategy for enhanced tumor therapy. RNA-cleaving DNAzyme has been recognized as a promising gene-silencing tool, while its combination with chemotherapeutic drugs has been limited by the lack of an effective codelivery system to allow sufficient intracellular DNAzyme activation, which requires specific metal ions as a cofactor. Here, a self-activatable DNAzyme/drug core-shell codelivery system is fabricated to combat triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). The hydrophobic chemotherapeutic, rapamycin (RAP), is self-assembled into the pure drug nanocore, and the metal-organic framework (MOF) shell based on coordination between Mn2+ and tannic acid (TA) is coated on the surface to coload an autophagy-inhibiting DNAzyme. The nanosystem efficiently delivers the payloads into tumor cells, and upon endocytosis, the MOF shell is disintegrated to release the therapeutics in response to an acidic endo/lysosome environment and intracellular glutathione (GSH). Notably, the coreleased Mn2+ serves as the cofactor of DNAzyme for effective self-activation, which suppresses the expression of Beclin 1 protein, the key initiator of autophagy, resulting in a significantly strengthened antitumor effect of RAP. Using tumor-bearing mouse models, the nanosystem could passively accumulate into the tumor tissue, impose potent gene-silencing efficacy, and thus sensitize chemotherapy to inhibit tumor growth upon intravenous administration, providing opportunities for combined gene-drug TNBC therapy.

7.
FASEB J ; 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070393

RESUMO

Lung ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is a common clinical pathology associated with high mortality. Ferroptosis, a novel mode of cell death elicited by iron-dependent phospholipid peroxidation, has been implicated in ischemic events. Acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4) is one of the main enzymes in pro-ferroptotic lipid metabolism. In this study, the involvement of ferroptotic death in different durations of reperfusion was evaluated by assessing the iron content, malondialdehyde, and glutathione levels, ferroptosis-related protein expression, and mitochondria morphology. The roles of ferroptosis-specific inhibitor, liproxastin-1 (Lip-1), and ACSL4 modulation in a preventive regimen were assessed in vivo and in vitro. The hallmarks of pulmonary function, such as histological lung injury score, wet/dry ratio, and oxygenation index, were evaluated as well. Results showed that lung IR increased the tissue iron content and lipid peroxidation accumulation, along with key protein (GPX4 and ACSL4) expression alteration during reperfusion. Pretreatment with Lip-1 inhibited ferroptosis and ameliorated lung IR-induced injury in animal and cell models. In addition, administering ACSL4 inhibitor rosiglitazone before ischemia diminished the ferroptotic damage in IR-injured lung tissue, consistent with the protective effect of ACSL4 knockdown on lung epithelial cells subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation. Thus, this study delineated that IR-induced ferroptotic cell death in lung tissue and ACSL4 were correlated with this process. Inhibition of ferroptosis and ACSL4 mitigated the ferroptotic damage in IR-induced lung injury by reducing lipid peroxidation and increasing the glutathione and GPX4 levels.

8.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1135: 20-28, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070855

RESUMO

Monolayer-scale pyridine-2-sulfonic acid (PySA) or pyridine-2-carboxylic acid (PyCA) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was prepared for anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) analysis of Cd2+ and Pb2+. PySA or PyCA was covalently modified on GCE by electroreduction of PySA or PyCA in 0.5 M aqueous H2SO4, yielding a PySA/GCE or PyCA/GCE. The electrodes were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques. In combination with the in-situ bismuth film method, both PySA/GCE and PyCA/GCE offered very high analytical performance for ASV analysis of Cd2+ and Pb2+, including the very low values of limit of detection (LOD, S/N = 3) and high stability. The PySA/GCE gave a LOD of 4 ppt for Cd2+ or of 7 ppt for Pb2+. The PyCA/GCE gave a LOD of 7 ppt for Cd2+ or of 11 ppt for Pb2+. The Cu2+ and Ni2+ interferences, which still appear as a challenge for ASV analysis of Cd2+ and Pb2+, were found to be well inhibited by the additions of K4Fe(CN)6 and Ga(III) into the detection solution. The modified electrode was used for Cd2+ and Pb2+ analysis in real water samples with satisfactory results.

9.
Pain Med ; 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to establish a quality indicator system for postoperative pain management and test its reliability, validity, and discrimination in China. METHODS: We established a quality indicator system using the Delphi method. Further, we designed and administered a survey questionnaire in the orthopedic departments of nine hospitals, located in the Zhejiang and Jiangsu Provinces, through purposive and convenience sampling methods to examine the reliability, validity, and discrimination of the quality indicator system. RESULTS: We established a quality indicator system to assess structure, process, and outcome measures of postoperative pain management using three first-level, eight subordinate second-level, and 32 subordinate third-level quality indicators. The scale-level content validity indexes of the three sections of the questionnaire, assessing structure, process, and outcomes measures, were 0.99, 0.98, and 0.98, respectively. We identified two common factors from the third section that demonstrated a cumulative variance contribution rate of 80.38% and a Cronbach's α coefficient of 0.95. The total scores and scores of the structure, process, and outcome quality indicators demonstrated statistically significant differences (P < 0.05) between the wards (N = 4) that participated in the "Painless Orthopedics Ward" quality improvement program and those (N = 5) that did not. CONCLUSIONS: This quality indicator system highlights the need for multidisciplinary cooperation and process characteristics of postoperative pain management, along with interdepartmental quality comparisons. And it demonstrates acceptable reliability, validity, and discrimination; thus it may be completely or partially employed in Chinese hospitals.

10.
Dis Markers ; 2020: 8830471, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082885

RESUMO

Background: Diabetic nephropathy is a common and serious complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) and is one of the leading causes of end-stage renal disease worldwide. Although there have been many investigations on biomarkers for DN, there is no consistent conclusion about reliable biomarkers. The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the role of circulating retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) in the type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with kidney diseases. Materials and Methods: We searched the PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases for publications. For the 12 cross-sectional studies that we included in the review, we calculated standard mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for continuous data when the applied scales were different. Risk of bias of included trials was assessed by using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Results: RBP4 concentrations in the micro-, macro-, or micro+macroalbuminuria groups were significantly higher than those in the normal albuminuria group of T2DM patients [P = 0.001, SMD 1.07, 95% CI (0.41, 1.73)]. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was negatively associated with circulating RBP4 concentrations in patients with T2DM [summary Fisher's Z = -0.48, 95% CI (-0.69, -0.26), P < 0.0001]. The albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) was positively associated with circulating RBP4 concentrations in patients with T2DM [summary Fisher's Z = 0.20, 95% CI (0.08, 0.32), P = 0.001]. Conclusion: The levels of circulating RBP4 were significantly higher both in T2DM subjects with micro/macroalbuminuria and in T2DM subjects with declined eGFR. The levels of circulating RBP4 were positively correlated with ACR but negatively correlated with eGFR. Circulating RBP4 could be a reliable biomarker for kidney diseases in T2DM.

11.
Immunotherapy ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076728

RESUMO

Aim: To explore the expression of programmed death-1 (PD-1) or programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1), natural killer T (NKT) and hepatoma cells in coculture system, and the influence of abolishing PD-1 on antitumor efficiency. Materials & methods: CRISPR/Cas9 technology, flow cytometry, ELISA, CCK-8 assay and mouse models were performed to investigate the interactions between PD-1/PD-L1 expression on NKT and hepatoma cells, respectively. Results: The NKT and hepatoma cells mutually affected the expression of PD-1/PD-L1. The killing effect was positively correlated with NKT-mediated PD-L1 expression on hepatoma cells. Conclusion: Hepatoma cells in different genetic background responded differently to NKT-induced PD-L1 stimulation, and those cells with lower PD-L1 expression fail to PD-1 blocking intervention. Additionally, the killing effect was more time-efficient with PD-1 knockout than with monoclonal antibody blockade.

12.
Ann Hematol ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079220

RESUMO

Abnormal blood coagulation often occurs in critically ill patients, which seriously affects their prognosis. This retrospective study investigated the implications of changes in blood coagulation in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Records were reviewed for patients admitted with COVID-19 between February 4 and 16, 2020. The primary outcome was in-hospital death. A total of 85 patients were included, of whom 12 died in the hospital. The admission prothrombin time (PT), international normalized ratio (INR), and levels of D-dimer and fibrin/fibrinogen degradation products (FDP) were significantly higher in non-survivors than in survivors, while the reverse was true for prothrombin time activity (PT-act) and PaO2/FiO2. Multivariate logistic regression showed that PT-act < 75% was independently associated with mortality. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves for PT-act, D-dimer, and FDP at admission could significantly predict mortality. The AUCs for PT-act were larger than those for D-dimer and FDP; however, there was no significant difference. After 2 weeks of treatment, the coagulation parameters of the surviving patients improved. COVID-19 is often accompanied by abnormal coagulation. PT-act at admission is able to predict mortality in patients with COVID-19 as can D-dimer and FDP levels. PT-act < 75% is independently associated with mortality.

13.
J Drug Target ; : 1-32, 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115283

RESUMO

Insulin resistance promotes the occurrence of liver cancer and decreases its chemosensitivity. Rosiglitazone (ROSI), a thiazolidinedione insulin sensitizer, could be used for diabetes with insulin resistance and has been reported to show anticancer effects on human malignant cells. In this paper, we investigated the combination of ROSI and chemotherapeutics on the growth and metastasis of insulin-resistant hepatoma. In vitro assay, ROSI significantly enhanced the inhibitory effects of adriamycin (ADR) on the proliferation, autophagy and migration of insulin-resistant hepatoma HepG2/IR cells via downregulation of EGFR/ERK and AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. In addition, ROSI promoted the apoptosis of HepG2/IR cells induced by ADR. In vivo assay, high fat and glucose diet and streptozotocin (STZ) induced insulin resistance in mice by increasing the body weight, fasting blood glucose (FBG) level, oral glucose tolerance, fasting insulin level and insulin resistance index. Both the growth of mouse liver cancer hepatoma H22 cells and serum FBG level in insulin resistant mice were significantly inhibited by combination of ROSI and ADR. Thus, ROSI and ADR in combination showed a stronger anti-tumor effect in insulin resistant hepatoma cells accompanying with glucose reduction and might represent an effective therapeutic strategy for liver cancer accompanied with insulin resistant diabetes.

14.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(10): 1027-33, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish and promote the non-contact doctor-patient interactive diagnosis and treatment mode based on mobile internet for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with moxibustion therapy, and to observe the feasibility and effectiveness of the model in the pandemic. METHODS: A total of 43 first-line medical staff and 149 suspected and confirmed cases with COVID-19 [18 cases in medical observation period, 17 cases of mild type (cold dampness and stagnation in the lung), 24 cases of ordinary type (cold-dampness accumulated in the lung) and 90 cases in recovery period (qi deficiency of spleen and lung)] were included. A non-contact doctor-patient interactive diagnosis and treatment platform was established for the treatment of COVID-19 with indirect moxibustion plaster based on mobile internet. By the platform, the patients were instructed to use indirect moxibustion plaster in treatment. For the first-line medical staff and patients in the medical observation period, Zusanli (ST 36), Qihai (CV 6) and Zhongwan (CV 12) were selected. For the mild cases (cold dampness and stagnation in the lung) and the cases of ordinary type (cold-dampness accumulated in the lung), Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3), Zusanli (ST 36) and Guanyuan (CV 4) were selected. In the recovery period (qi deficiency of spleen and lung), Dazhui (GV 14), Feishu (BL 13), Geshu (BL 17), Zusanli (ST 36) and Kongzui (LU 6) were used. The treatment was given once daily for 40 min each time. The intervention lasted for 10 days. After intervention, the infection rate and the improvement in the symptoms and psychological status of COVID-19 were observed in clinical first-line medical staff and COVID-19 patients. RESULTS: In 10 days of intervention with indirect moxibustion plaster, there was "zero" infection among medical staff. Of 43 first-line physicians and nurses, 33 cases had some physical symptoms and psychological discomforts, mainly as low back pain, poor sleep and anxiety. After treatment, regarding the improvements in the symptoms and psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 78.8% (26/33) and the curative rate was 36.4% (12/33). Regarding the improvements in psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 58.3% (14/24) and the curative rate was 37.5 (9/24). Of 149 patients, 133 cases had the symptoms and psychological discomforts. After treatment, regarding the improvements in the symptoms and psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 81.2% (108/133) and the curative rate was 34.6% (46/133). Regarding the improvements in psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 76.5% (52/68) and the curative rate was 57.4 % (39/68). CONCLUSION: It is feasible to apply the indirect moxibustion plaster technique based on mobile internet to the treatment COVID-19. This mode not only relieves the symptoms such as cough and fatigue, improves psychological state, but also possibly prevents the first-line medical staff from COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Moxibustão , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Consulta Remota , Pontos de Acupuntura , Betacoronavirus , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos
15.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 735, 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33092537

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcription factors (TFs) are essential regulators of growth and development in eukaryotes. Basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLHs) is one of the most significant TFs families involved in several critical regulatory functions. Cryptochrome-interacting bHLH (CIB) and cryptochromes form an extensive regulatory network to mediate a plethora of pathways. Although bHLHs regulate critical biological processes in plants, the information about pineapple bHLHs remains unexplored. RESULTS: Here, we identified a total of 121 bHLH proteins in the pineapple genome. The identified genes were renamed based on the ascending order of their gene ID and classified into 18 subgroups by phylogenetic analysis. We found that bHLH genes are expressed in different organs and stages of pineapple development. Furthermore, by the ectopic expression of AcCIB2 in Arabidopsis and complementation of Atcib2 mutant, we verified the involvement of AcCIB2 in photomorphogenesis and abiotic stress response. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings revealed that AcCIB2 plays an essential role in flowering time regulation and abiotic stress response. The present study provides additional insights into the current knowledge of bHLH genes and suggests their potential role in various biological processes during pineapple development.

16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(20)2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096644

RESUMO

Soybean (Glycine max), as an important oilseed crop, is constantly threatened by abiotic stress, including that caused by salinity and drought. bZIP transcription factors (TFs) are one of the largest TF families and have been shown to be associated with various environmental-stress tolerances among species; however, their function in abiotic-stress response in soybean remains poorly understood. Here, we characterized the roles of soybean transcription factor GmbZIP15 in response to abiotic stresses. The transcript level of GmbZIP15 was suppressed under salt- and drought-stress conditions. Overexpression of GmbZIP15 in soybean resulted in hypersensitivity to abiotic stress compared with wild-type (WT) plants, which was associated with lower transcript levels of stress-responsive genes involved in both abscisic acid (ABA)-dependent and ABA-independent pathways, defective stomatal aperture regulation, and reduced antioxidant enzyme activities. Furthermore, plants expressing a functional repressor form of GmbZIP15 exhibited drought-stress resistance similar to WT. RNA-seq and qRT-PCR analyses revealed that GmbZIP15 positively regulates GmSAHH1 expression and negatively regulates GmWRKY12 and GmABF1 expression in response to abiotic stress. Overall, these data indicate that GmbZIP15 functions as a negative regulator in response to salt and drought stresses.

17.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2342-2345, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018477

RESUMO

Resistant hypertension (RH) is a major healthcare issue, causing cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. In recent years, radiofrequency (RF) ablation to renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) is a new effective method for the treatment of RH. However, the effect of RSD on renal artery blood flow still need further research. In this study, Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) experiment and RF ablation experiment were used to observe the blood flow states in three conditions: no ablation with flow, ablation with no flow, and ablation with flow. The results showed that when the blood flow was 1L/min in renal artery without ablation, it was uniform laminar flow. When the blood was static in renal artery with ablation, there was eddy around the ablation catheter. When the blood flow was 1L/min in renal artery with ablation, the eddy disappeared and the blood flow was uniform laminar flow. Therefore, when the renal artery blood flow is 1L/min, there will be no thrombus and hemolysis in the renal artery due to eddy current and large velocity gradient, which preliminarily verified the safety of the RSD. Keyword: Resistant hypertension; Radiofrequency ablation; Flow field; PIVClinical relevance-When the blood flow of renal artery is 1L/min, there will be no thrombus and hemolysis in renal artery due to eddy current and large velocity gradient during the operation of RF ablation to renal sympathetic denervation.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Rim , Rim/cirurgia , Artéria Renal/cirurgia , Reologia , Simpatectomia
18.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 170: 112649, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022516

RESUMO

For in-situ disease markers detection, point-of-care (POC) diagnosis has great advantages in speed and cost compared with traditional techniques. The rapid diagnosis, prognosis, and surveillance of diseases can significantly reduce disease-related mortality and trauma. Therefore, increasing attention has been paid to the POC diagnosis devices due to their excellent diagnosis speed and portability. Over the past ten years, paper-based microfluidic aptasensors have emerged as a class of critical POC diagnosis devices and various aptasensors have been proposed to detect various disease markers. However, most aptasensors need further improvement before they can actually enter the market and be widely used. There is thus an urgent need to sort out the key points of preparing the aptasensors and the direction that needs to be invested in. This review summarizes the representative articles in the development of paper-based microfluidic aptasensors. These works can be divided into paper-based optical aptasensors and paper-based electrochemical aptasensors according to their output signals. Significant focus is applied to these works according to the following three parts: (1) The ingenious design of device structure; (2) Application and synthesis of nanomaterial; (3) The detection principle of the proposed aptasensor. This is a detailed and comprehensive review of paper-based microfluidic aptasensors. The accomplishments and shortcomings of the current aptasensors are outlined, the development direction and the future prospective are given. It is hoped that the research in this review can provide a reference for further development of more advanced, more effective paper-based microfluidic aptasensors for POC disease markers diagnosis.

19.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 393-397, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865357

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of periodontal endoscope as an adjuvant therapy for the non-surgical periodontal treatment of patients with severe and generalized periodontitis. METHODS: Patients (n=13) were divided into three groups: patients treated with conventional subgingival scaling and root planing (SRP) (n=7, 408 sites) (group A), SRP using periodontal endoscope (n=4, 188 sites) (group B) or SRP with periodontal endoscope 3 months after initial SRP (n=2, 142 sites) (group C). Two subgroups were divided into 2 subgroups according to PD at the baseline: 46 mm as subgroup 2. Probing depth (PD), attachment loss (AL), gingival recession (GR) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were recorded. RESULTS: The results of 3 months after treatment showed all PD, AL, and GR values in group A1 were less than those in group B1 (P<0.05), but no significant difference in BOP was found between the two groups. The decrease in PD, BOP in group B2 was more obvious than those in group A2 (P<0.000 1), and the GR values in group B2 were more than those in group A2 (P<0.000 1). But the improvement of AL showed no statistical difference between the two groups (P=0.296 8). In group C1, no significant difference in PD, AL, and GR was observed after endoscopy-assisted therapy, but it was more effective for BOP (P<0.000 1). In group C2, the improvement in PD and AL was significantly different from the improvement in SRP alone (P=0.000 5, P=0.000 2) and was accompanied by more GR (P=0.000 5). CONCLUSIONS: In non-surgical treatment of severe and generalized periodontitis, SRP can achieve good therapeutic effect on sites with 46 mm, the application of periodontal endoscopy can increase the effect, reducing PD and GR, which may be an effective supplement to the current non-surgical periodontal treatment.


Assuntos
Raspagem Dentária , Periodontite , Endoscópios , Seguimentos , Hemorragia Gengival , Humanos , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Índice Periodontal , Bolsa Periodontal , Aplainamento Radicular , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(19)2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32977667

RESUMO

The hot deformation behaviors of the new 6063 aluminum alloy modified by rare earth Y and Al-Ti-B master alloy were studied through isothermal hot compression experiments on the Gleeble-3800 thermal simulator. By characterizing the flow curves, constitutive models, hot processing maps, and microstructures, we can see from the true stress-true strain curves that the flow stress decreases with the increase of deformation temperature and the decrease of strain rate. Through the calculation of the constitutive equation, we derived that the activation energy of the new composite modified 6063 aluminum alloy is 224.570 KJ/mol. we roughly obtained its excellent hot processing range of temperatures between 470-540 °C and the strain rates of 0.01-0.1 s-1. The verification of the deformed microstructure shows that with the decrease of lnZ, the grain boundary changes from a low-angle one to a high-angle one and the dynamic recrystallization is dominated by geometric dynamic recrystallization and continuous dynamic recrystallization. Analysis of typical samples at 480 °C/0.01 s-1 shows that the addition of rare earth Y mainly helps form Al3Y5 and AlFeSiY phases, thus making the alloy have the performance of high-temperature recrystallization, which is beneficial to the hot workability of the alloy.

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