Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.352
Filtrar
1.
Bioact Mater ; 7: 26-38, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34466715

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D)-printed porous Ti6Al4V implants play an important role in the reconstruction of bone defects. However, its osseointegration capacity needs to be further improved, and related methods are inadequate, especially lacking customized surface treatment technology. Consequently, we aimed to design an omnidirectional radiator based on ultraviolet (UV) photofunctionalization for the surface treatment of 3D-printed porous Ti6Al4V implants, and studied its osseointegration promotion effects in vitro and in vivo, while elucidating related mechanisms. Following UV treatment, the porous Ti6Al4V scaffolds exhibited significantly improved hydrophilicity, cytocompatibility, and alkaline phosphatase activity, while preserving their original mechanical properties. The increased osteointegration strength was further proven using a rabbit condyle defect model in vivo, in which UV treatment exhibited a high efficiency in the osteointegration enhancement of porous Ti6Al4V scaffolds by increasing bone ingrowth (BI), the bone-implant contact ratio (BICR), and the mineralized/osteoid bone ratio. The advantages of UV treatment for 3D-printed porous Ti6Al4V implants using the omnidirectional radiator in the study were as follows: 1) it can significantly improve the osseointegration capacity of porous titanium implants despite the blocking out of UV rays by the porous structure; 2) it can evenly treat the surface of porous implants while preserving their original topography or other morphological features; and 3) it is an easy-to-operate low-cost process, making it worthy of wide clinical application.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 657-666, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352446

RESUMO

In the severe electromagnetic wave pollution situation, the absorbers must meet the requirements of lightweight, strong absorption, thin thickness and wide band. Under such a circumstance, it is of great significance to construct reasonable structure and composition for excellent electromagnetic wave absorption. Therefore, the Co/C composites anchored with carbon nanotubes (Co@CNTs) have been successfully prepared by rationally regulating the growth of bimetallic MOF and subsequent pyrolysis process. It is revealed that the conduction loss and polarization loss caused by the carbon nanotubes with different lengths and densities and the porosity of the composites are together responsible for the attenuation of electromagnetic wave. As expected, the hierarchical Co@CNTs composites showed a strong reflection loss of -76.6 dB and a broad effective absorption bandwidth of 6.2 GHz through the improvement of impedance matching and electromagnetic wave absorption ability. Herein, this work presents a strategy for the development of composites as promising electromagnetic wave absorbent.

3.
Oncol Lett ; 23(1): 8, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820007

RESUMO

Isoliensinine is a bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloid that can be isolated from the lotus Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. It has been reported to exert a variety of anti-cancer properties. In the present study, the potential effects of isoliensinine on cervical cancer Siha, HeLa, Caski and C33A cell lines were investigated by using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry, western blotting and reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) to measure cell proliferation, the cell cycle and apoptosis, in addition to elucidating the underlying molecular mechanism. Protein levels of p21, CDK2, Cyclin E, Mcl-1, cleaved Caspase-9, AKT, phosphorylated-AKT, glycogen synthase kinase (Gsk)3α, PTEN, and mRNA levels of p21, p15, p27, CDK2, CDK4, Cyclin E, Cyclin D, Gsk3α, Gsk3ß and PTEN were measured. Molecular docking assays were used to calculate the strength of binding of isoliensinine to AKT using AutoDock 4.0. Isoliensinine was found to induce cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase by upregulating p21 expression and downregulating CDK2 and cyclin E in breast cancer cells. In addition, in previous research, isoliensinine promoted cell apoptosis by downregulating myeloid-cell leukemia 1 expression and activating caspase-9. Upstream, isoliensinine significantly downregulated AKT (S473) phosphorylation and GSK3α expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The AKT inhibitor AKTi-1/2 enhanced the function of isoliensinine on cell cycle arrest and apoptosis through the AKT/GSK3α pathway. AutoDock analysis showed that isoliensinine can bind to the AKT protein. These findings suggest that isoliensinine can induce cervical cancer cell cycle arrest and apoptosis by inhibiting the AKT/GSK3α pathway, which represents a novel strategy for the treatment of cervical cancer.

4.
Molecules ; 26(21)2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770967

RESUMO

C-prenyl coumarins (C-PYCs) are compounds with similar structures and various bioactivities, which are widely distributed in medicinal plants. Until now, the metabolic characterizations of C-PYCs and the relationship between metabolism and bioactivities remain unclear. In this study, ultra-performance chromatography electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry-based metabolomics (UPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS) was firstly used to determine the metabolic characterizations of three C-PYCs, including meranzin hydrate (MH), isomeranzin (ISM), and meranzin (MER). In total, 52 metabolites were identified, and all of them were found to be novel metabolites. Among these metabolites, 10 were from MH, 22 were from ISM, and 20 were from MER. The major metabolic pathways of these C-PYCs were hydroxylation, dehydrogenation, demethylation, and conjugation with cysteine, N-acetylcysteine, and glucuronide. The metabolic rate of MH was much lower than ISM and MER, which was only 27.1% in MLM and 8.7% in HLM, respectively. Additionally, recombinant cytochrome P450 (CYP) screening showed that CYP1A1, 2B6, 3A4, and 3A5 were the major metabolic enzymes involved in the formation of metabolites. Further bioactivity assays indicated that all of these three C-PYCs exhibited anti-inflammatory activity, but the effects of ISM and MER were slightly higher than MH, accompanied by a significant decrease in inflammatory cytokines transcription induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in macrophages RAW 264.7. Taken together, the metabolic characterizations of the three C-PYCs suggested that the side chain of the prenyl group may impact the metabolism and biological activity of C-PYCs.

5.
Microbiome ; 9(1): 224, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758869

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Male fertility impaired by exogenous toxins is a serious worldwide issue threatening the health of the new-born and causing infertility. However, the metabolic connection between toxic exposures and testicular dysfunction remains unclear. RESULTS: In the present study, the metabolic disorder of testicular dysfunction was investigated using triptolide-induced testicular injury in mice. We found that triptolide induced spermine deficiency resulting from disruption of polyamine biosynthesis and uptake in testis, and perturbation of the gut microbiota. Supplementation with exogenous spermine reversed triptolide-induced testicular dysfunction through increasing the expression of genes related to early and late spermatogenic events, as well as increasing the reduced number of offspring. Loss of gut microbiota by antibiotic treatment resulted in depletion of spermine levels in the intestine and potentiation of testicular injury. Testicular dysfunction in triptolide-treated mice was reversed by gut microbial transplantation from untreated mice and supplementation with polyamine-producing Parabacteroides distasonis. The protective effect of spermine during testicular injury was largely dependent on upregulation of heat shock protein 70s (HSP70s) both in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: The present study linked alterations in the gut microbiota to testicular dysfunction through disruption of polyamine metabolism. The diversity and dynamics of the gut microbiota may be considered as a therapeutic option to prevent male infertility. Video Abstract.

6.
Front Immunol ; 12: 734745, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764953

RESUMO

Chemotherapy combined with surgery is effective for patients with breast cancer (BC). However, chemoresistance restricts the effectiveness of BC treatment. Immune microenvironmental changes are of pivotal importance for chemotherapy responses. Thus, we sought to construct and validate an immune prognostic model based on chemosensitivity status in BC. Here, immune-related and chemosensitivity-related genes were obtained from GSE25055. Then, univariate analysis was employed to identify prognostic-related gene pairs from the intersection of the two parts of the genes, and modified least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) analysis was performed to build a prognostic model. Furthermore, we investigated the efficiency of this model from various perspectives, and further validation was performed using the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohorts. We identified seven immune and chemosensitivity-related gene pairs and incorporated them into the Cox regression model. After multilevel validation, the risk model was found to be closely related to the survival rate, various clinical characteristics, tumor mutation burden (TMB) score, immune checkpoints, and response to chemotherapeutic drugs. In addition, the model was verified to exhibit predictive capacity as an independent factor over other candidate clinical features. Notably, the constructed nomogram was more accurate than any single factor. Altogether, the risk score model and the nomogram have potential predictive value and may have important practical implications.

7.
Small ; : e2104401, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34825486

RESUMO

2D van der Waals (vdW) semiconductors hold great potentials for more-than-Moore field-effect transistors (FETs), and the efficient utilization of their theoretical performance requires compatible high-k dielectrics to guarantee the high gate coupling efficiency. The deposition of traditional high-k dielectric oxide films on 2D materials usually generates interface concerns, thereby causing the carrier scattering and degeneration of device performance. Here, utilizing a space-confined epitaxy growth approach, the authors successfully obtained air-stable ultrathin indium phosphorus sulfide (In2 P3 S9 ) nanosheets, the thickness of which can be scaled down to monolayer limit (≈0.69 nm) due to its layered structure. 2D In2 P3 S9 exhibits excellent insulating properties, with a high dielectric constant (≈24) and large breakdown voltage (≈8.1 MV cm-1 ) at room temperature. Serving as gate insulator, ultrathin In2 P3 S9 nanosheet can be integrated into MoS2 FETs with high-quality dielectric/semiconductor interface, thus providing a competitive electrical performance of device with subthreshold swings (SS) down to 88 mV dec-1 and a high ON/OFF ratio of 105 . This study proves an important strategy to prepare 2D vdW high-k dielectrics, and greatly facilitates the ongoing research of 2D materials for functional electronics.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807583

RESUMO

Stroke is the second leading cause of death globally and the most common cause of severe disability. Several barriers need to be addressed more effectively to treat stroke, including efficient delivery of therapeutic agents, rapid release at the infarct site, precise imaging of the infarct site, and drug distribution monitoring. The present study aimed to develop a bio-responsive theranostic nanoplatform with signal-amplifying capability to deliver rapamycin (RAPA) to ischemic brain tissues and visually monitor drug distribution. A pH-sensitive theranostic RAPA-loaded nanoparticle system was designed since ischemic tissues have a low-pH microenvironment compared with normal tissues. The nanoparticles demonstrated good stability and biocompatibility and could efficiently load rapamycin, followed by its rapid release in acidic environments, thereby improving therapeutic accuracy. The nano-drug-delivery system also exhibited acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging signal properties, enabling accurate multimodal imaging with minimal background noise, thus improving drug tracing and diagnostic accuracy. Finally, in vivo experiments confirmed that the nanoparticles preferentially aggregated in the ischemic hemisphere and exerted a neuroprotective effect in rats with transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO). These pH-sensitive multifunctional theranostic nanoparticles could serve as a potential nanoplatform for drug tracing as well as the treatment and even diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke. Moreover, they could be a universal solution to achieve accurate in vivo imaging and treatment of other diseases.

9.
Chem Biol Interact ; : 109747, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813779

RESUMO

Our recent study demonstrated eIF3a loss contributes to vemurafenib resistance in melanoma by activating ERK. However, overexpression of eIF3a in the clinic is not feasible to produce vemurafenib re-sensitization, and ERK inhibitors combined with vemurafenib still exhibit limited effectiveness in the treatment of melanoma. Here, using the human receptor tyrosine kinase phosphorylation antibody array, we observed that silencing eIF3a could activate BMX, a tyrosine kinase. The BMX inhibitor CHMFL-BMX-078 could significantly suppress proliferation and induce cell cycle arrest in vemurafenib resistant melanoma cell line A375 (A375R), however, it was hypotoxic in immortal keratinocytes, melanoma cells, and other solid cancer cells such as glioma and breast cancer cells. Furthermore, the combined treatment of CHMFL-BMX-078 and vemurafenib synergistically reduced cell viability and restored the sensitivity of resistant cells to vemurafenib. The reversal of the resistant phenotype by CHMFL-BMX-078 was associated with the AKT signaling pathway, as co-treatment with the AKT activator SC-79 or up-regulation of AKT attenuated the anti-proliferation effect of CHMFL-BMX-078 and vemurafenib. Lastly, we demonstrated that CHMFL-BMX-078 could significantly enhance vemurafenib efficacy in a xenograft model of A375R cells without producing additive toxicity. In conclusion, these findings reveal that the BMX inhibitor CHMFL-BMX-078 may reverse vemurafenib resistance in melanoma by suppressing the AKT signaling pathway, implying that CHMFL-BMX-078 may be a promising compound for overcoming vemurafenib resistance.

10.
Front Psychol ; 12: 661235, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721130

RESUMO

The evaluation of the learning process is an effective way to realize personalized online learning. Real-time evaluation of learners' cognitive level during online learning helps to monitor learners' cognitive state and adjust learning strategies to improve the quality of online learning. However, most of the existing cognitive level evaluation methods use manual coding or traditional machine learning methods, which are time-consuming and laborious. They cannot fully mine the implicit cognitive semantic information in unstructured text data, making the cognitive level evaluation inefficient. Therefore, this study proposed the bidirectional gated recurrent convolutional neural network combined with an attention mechanism (AM-BiGRU-CNN) deep neural network cognitive level evaluation method, and based on Bloom's taxonomy of cognition objectives, taking the unstructured interactive text data released by 9167 learners in the massive open online course (MOOC) forum as an empirical study to support the method. The study found that the AM-BiGRU-CNN method has the best evaluation effect, with the overall accuracy of the evaluation of the six cognitive levels reaching 84.21%, of which the F1-Score at the creating level is 91.77%. The experimental results show that the deep neural network method can effectively identify the cognitive features implicit in the text and can be better applied to the automatic evaluation of the cognitive level of online learners. This study provides a technical reference for the evaluation of the cognitive level of the students in the online learning environment, and automatic evaluation in the realization of personalized learning strategies, teaching intervention, and resources recommended have higher application value.

11.
ACS Omega ; 6(44): 30040-30049, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778675

RESUMO

Amidation is an important reaction for bioderived platform molecules, which can be upgraded for use in applications such as polymers. However, fundamental understanding of the reaction especially in the presence of multiple groups is still lacking. In this study, the amidation of dimethyl fumarate, maleate, and succinate through ester ammonolysis was examined. The reaction networks and significant side reactions, such as conjugate addition and ring closing, were determined. A preliminary kinetic comparison among additional C4 and C6 esters showed a significant correlation between molecular structure and ammonolysis reactivity. Esters with a C=C double bond in the molecule backbone were found to have higher ammonolysis reactivity. To improve the selectivity to unsaturated amides rather than byproducts, the effects of thermal conditions and additives in dimethyl fumarate ammonolysis were examined. Lower temperature and decreasing methoxide ion concentration in the solution relative to the base case conditions increased the fumaramide selectivity from 67.1 to 90.6%.

12.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 739615, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776960

RESUMO

Cardiac hypertrophy is an important characteristic in the development of hypertensive heart disease. Mitochondrial dysfunction plays an important role in the pathology of cardiac hypertrophy. Recent studies have shown that sirtuin 3 (SIRT3)/poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) pathway modulation inhibits cardiac hypertrophy. Quercetin, a natural flavonol agent, has been reported to attenuate cardiac hypertrophy. However, the molecular mechanism is not completely elucidated. In this study, we aimed to explore the mechanism underlying the protective effect of quercetin on cardiac hypertrophy. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were treated with quercetin (20 mg/kg/d) for 8 weeks to evaluate the effects of quercetin on blood pressure and cardiac hypertrophy. Additionally, the mitochondrial protective effect of quercetin was assessed in H9c2 cells treated with Ang II. SHRs displayed aggravated cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, which were attenuated by quercetin treatment. Quercetin also improved cardiac function, reduced mitochondrial superoxide and protected mitochondrial structure in vivo. In vitro, Ang II increased the mRNA level of hypertrophic markers including atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and ß-myosin heavy chain (ß-MHC), whereas quercetin ameliorated this hypertrophic response. Moreover, quercetin prevented mitochondrial function against Ang II induction. Importantly, mitochondrial protection and PARP-1 inhibition by quercetin were partly abolished after SIRT3 knockdown. Our results suggested that quercetin protected mitochondrial function by modulating SIRT3/PARP-1 pathway, contributing to the inhibition of cardiac hypertrophy.

13.
Front Psychol ; 12: 765983, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777173

RESUMO

In studies on second language writing, linguistic complexity exhibited by learners has long been regarded as being indicative of writing proficiency. However, there are relatively scant studies focusing on the diversity and structural elaboration of complexity in L2 production data that are extracted from high-stakes tests [such as Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and International English Language Testing System (IELTS)]. Using a large-scale learner corpus collected from a TOEFL (internet-based test (iBT), this study aims to explore the extent to which the three dimensions of linguistic complexity, syntactic, lexical, and morphological complexity, are associated with human scoring in high-stakes tests. In addition, we also tend to tap into within-genre topic effects on the production of complexity measures by learners. To this end, a total of 1,002 writing samples were collected from a TOEFL11 corpus, and six automated-coding instruments were used to investigate the variations of complexity among Chinese English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners. The results from the correlation analysis, multiple linear regression, and independent sample t-tests indicated that there was not a linear correlation between the majority of linguistic complexity and human-rated score levels and that proficiency among Chinese EFL learners did not signal a discriminative power in their language production. In the meantime, strong within-proficiency topic effects were found on the majority of measures in the syntactic, lexical, and morphological dimensions.

14.
Plants (Basel) ; 10(11)2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34834780

RESUMO

Protein ubiquitination is important for the regulation of meiosis in eukaryotes, including plants. However, little is known about the involvement of E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes in plant meiosis. Arabidopsis UBC22 is a unique E2 enzyme, able to catalyze the formation of ubiquitin dimers through lysine 11 (K11). Previous work has shown that ubc22 mutants are defective in megasporogenesis, with most ovules having no or abnormally functioning megaspores; furthermore, some mutant plants show distinct phenotypes in vegetative growth. In this study, we showed that chromosome segregation and callose deposition were abnormal in mutant female meiosis while male meiosis was not affected. The meiotic recombinase DMC1, required for homologous chromosome recombination, showed a dispersed distribution in mutant female meiocytes compared to the presence of strong foci in WT female meiocytes. Based on an analysis of F1 plants produced from crosses using a mutant as the female parent, about 24% of female mutant gametes had an abnormal content of DNA, resulting in frequent aneuploids among the mutant plants. These results show that UBC22 is critical for normal chromosome segregation in female meiosis but not for male meiosis, and they provide important leads for studying the role of UBC22 and K11-linked ubiquitination.

15.
J Nephrol ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34846713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many patients with primary membranous nephropathy have severe proteinuria unresponsive to optimized renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors (RAASi). We evaluated the efficacy and safety of hydroxychloroquine as an adjunctive agent in membranous nephropathy (MN) treatments. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 126 patients with biopsy-proven primary membranous nephropathy and urinary protein 1-8 g/day while receiving optimized RAASi treatment for ≥ 3 months and well-controlled blood pressure. Forty-three patients received hydroxychloroquine and RAASi (hydroxychloroquine-RAASi group), and 83 patients received RAASi alone (RAASi group). Treatment responses, including proteinuria reduction, complete and partial remission rates, and autoantibody against phospholipase A2 receptor (anti-PLA2R) levels, were compared between the two groups at 6 months and over the long term. RESULTS: At 6 months, the effective response rate (proteinuria reduction > 30%) (57.5% vs. 28.9%, P = 0.002), clinical remission rate (35.0% vs. 15.7%, P = 0.015), and percentage change in proteinuria (- 51.7% vs. - 21.9%, P < 0.001) were higher, and the rate of switching to immunosuppressants (25.0% vs. 45.8%, P = 0.027) was lower in the hydroxychloroquine-RAASi group than in the RAASi group. Hydroxychloroquine administration was an independent protective factor with an effective response (OR 0.37, P = 0.021). In the long term, the clinical remission rate was higher in the HCQ-RAASi group (62.5% vs. 38.6%, P = 0.013). Hydroxychloroquine therapy was associated with a higher rate of anti-PLA2R reduction (< 20 U/ml) (HR 0.28, P = 0.031). We observed no serious adverse events associated with hydroxychloroquine. CONCLUSIONS: Hydroxychloroquine could be an option for patients with membranous nephropathy seeking to achieve proteinuria reduction and anti-PLA2R antibody reduction in addition to optimized RAASi. Randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm these findings. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR2100045947, 20210430, retrospectively registered.

16.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 14: 4233-4240, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675574

RESUMO

Background: Long noncoding RNA (LncRNA) LINC00673 has been proven to play critical roles in cancer biology, while its role in other diseases is unknown. It has been reported that LINC00673 could interact with p53, a critical player in diabetes and diabetic complications, suggesting that LINC00673 may also participate in diabetic retinopathy (DR). This study aimed to investigate the role of LINC00673 in DR. Methods: The present study included 3 groups of participants, including DR group, diabetes (DB) group, and healthy control (Control) group. Flow cytometry was utilized to determine cell apoptosis. Proteins and messenger RNAs (mRNAs) were estimated by Western blot and quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR), respectively. Results: LINC00673 was downregulated in plasma samples of DR patients (n=60) in comparison with the healthy controls (n=60) and negatively correlated with p53 only across DR patients but not across the healthy controls. In retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPECs), high glucose treatment downregulated LINC00673. Moreover, LINC00673 overexpression downregulated p53 and decreased RPEC apoptosis, while LINC00673 silencing upregulated p53 and increased RPEC apoptosis. In addition, p53 overexpression reduced the effects of LINC00673 overexpression. Conclusion: LINC00673 is downregulated in DR patients and regulates RPEC apoptosis via negatively regulating p53.

17.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652864

RESUMO

Rhododendron henanense subsp. lingbaoense (hereafter referred to as R. henanense) is an endemic species naturally distributed in the Henan province, China, with high horticultural, ornamental and medicinal value. Herein, we report a de novo genome assembly for R. henanense using a combination of PacBio long read and Illumina short read sequencing technologies. In total, we assembled 634.07 Mb with a contig N50 of 2.5 Mb, representing ~96.93% of the estimated genome size. By applying Hi-C data, 13 pseudochromosomes of R. henanense genome were assembled, covering ~98.21% of the genome assembly. The genome was composed of ~65.76% repetitive sequences and 31,098 protein-coding genes, 88.77% of which could be functionally annotated. Rhododendron henanense displayed a high level of synteny with other Rhododendron species from the Hymenanthes subgenus. Our data also suggests that R. henanense genes related to stress responses have undergone expansion, which may underly the unique abiotic and biotic stress resistance of the species. This alpine Rhododendron chromosome-scale genome assembly provides fundamental molecular resources for germplasm conservation, breeding efforts, evolutionary studies, and elucidating the unique biological characteristics of R. henanense.

18.
Life (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34685469

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated autophagy, glial activation status, and corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) signaling in the brains of mice after 5 days of sleep fragmentation (SF). Three different brain regions including the striatum, hippocampus, and frontal cortex were selected for examination based on roles in sleep regulation and sensitivity to sleep disruption. For autophagy, we monitored the levels of various autophagic induction markers including beclin1, LC3II, and p62 as well as the levels of lysosomal associated membrane protein 1 and 2 (LAMP1/2) and the transcription factor EB (TFEB) which are critical for lysosome function and autophagy maturation stage. For the status of microglia and astrocytes, we determined the levels of Iba1 and GFAP in these brain regions. We also measured the levels of CRF and its cognate receptors 1 and 2 (CRFR1/2). Our results showed that 5 days of SF dysregulated autophagy in the striatum and hippocampus but not in the frontal cortex. Additionally, 5 days of SF activated microglia in the striatum but not in the hippocampus or frontal cortex. In the striatum, CRFR2 but not CRFR1 was significantly increased in SF-experienced mice. CRF did not alter its mRNA levels in any of the three brain regions assessed. Our findings revealed that autophagy processes are sensitive to short-term SF in a region-specific manner and suggest that autophagy dysregulation may be a primary initiator for brain changes and functional impairments in the context of sleep disturbances and disorders.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34696984

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies on the relationship between positron emission tomography (PET) images and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) progression have shown contradictory results, and the objective of this study was to systematically review the role of PET in predicting AAA prognosis. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched for studies evaluating the correlation between PET imaging results and AAA growth, repair, or rupture. REVIEW METHODS: Two authors independently performed the study search, data extraction, and quality assessment following a standard method. RESULTS: Of the 11 studies included in this review, nine used 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) PET and computed tomography (CT) imaging, whereas the remaining two used 18F-sodium fluoride (18F-NaF) PET/CT and 18F-FDG PET/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Findings from the 18F-FDG PET/CT studies were contradictory. Six studies found no significant association or correlation, and two studies found a significant negative correlation between 18F-FDG uptake and AAA expansion. Additionally, one study found that the 18F-FDG uptake was statistically positively related to the expansion rate in a specific AAA subgroup whose AAAs expanded significantly. Two studies suggested that increased 18F-FDG uptake was significantly associated with AAA repair, while the other studies either found no association between 18F-FDG uptake and AAA rupture or repair or failed to report the occurrence of clinical events. One PET/CT study that used 18F-NaF as a tracer showed that an increased tracer uptake was significantly associated with AAA growth and clinical events. Finally, the 18F-FDG PET/MRI study indicated that 18F-FDG uptake was not significantly correlated with AAA expansion. CONCLUSION: A definitive role for 18F-FDG PET imaging for AAA prognosis awaits further investigation, and new PET tracers such as 18F-NaF have the potential to be a promising method for predicting AAA clinical outcomes.

20.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(10): 829-36, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34698456

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of refined moxibustion on expression of gastric mucosal epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and changes of metabolite profiles in gastric ulcer (GU) rats, so as to analyze its mechanism underlying improvement of GU. METHODS: Male SD rats were randomized into control, model, acupoint moxibustion groups (n=6 per group). The GU model was induced by cold-restraint stress. The ignited refined moxa was applied to bilateral "Liangmen" (ST21) and "Zusanli" (ST36) for 3 cones/acupoint, once daily for 7 days. Then, we employed 1H NMR-based metabolomics approach to analyze the metabolic profiles of serum and stomach tissue samples. The conventional histopathological changes of the gastric mucosa were observed by H.E. stain and the expressions of EGFR and VEGF in the gastric mucosa were detected by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, the expression levels of EGFR and VEGF were significantly increased in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05), and further notably up-regulated in the acupoint moxibustion group (P<0.001, P<0.01). Results of H.E. staining showed damage of the folds of gastric mucosa, disordered arrangement of the glands, infiltration of inflammatory cells and unclear structure of gastric mucosa in the model group, which was relatively milder in the acupoint moxibustion group. 1H-NMR technical analysis showed that in comparison with the control group, 11 and 11 metabolites in the stomach extract and plasma were increased, 10 in the gastric tissue and 3 in the plasma were decreased in the GU model group; while in comparison with the model group, 17 differently expressed metabolites in the gastric extract and 10 metabolites in the plasma restored to their levels of control group after the acupoint moxibustion intervention. These metabolites participate in 12 metabolic pathways including glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, glutathione metabolism, glycine metabolism, alanine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid metabolism, purine metabolism, glyoxylic acid and digarboxylic acid metabolism, biosynthesis of aminoacyl-tRNA, amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism, cysteine and methionine metabolism, citrate cycle, pyruvate metabolism, and the mutual conversion of pentose and glucuronate,suggesting their involvement in moxibustion-induced improvement of GU. CONCLUSION: Refined moxibustion at ST21 and ST36 can up-regulate the expression of EGFR and VEGF in the gastric mucosa and lessen gastric mucosal injury, which may be related to its effects in reducing GU-induced metabolic disorders, including sugar, purine, amino acid, and phospholipid metabolism and antioxidant defense system.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Úlcera Gástrica , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Metabolômica , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Úlcera Gástrica/genética , Úlcera Gástrica/terapia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...