Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.269
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; : 127127, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223924

RESUMO

Cupressus macrocarpa is a windbreak tree and is reported to have various cytotoxic effects. A natural product study on the leaves of C. macrocarpa has yielded ten secondary metabolites, including three new diterpenoids (1-3), four known diterpenoids (4-7), and three known lignans (8-10). The structures of all isolated compounds were elucidated via the interpretation of spectroscopic methods, especially 2D NMR and mass analyses. In the cytotoxic assays, compounds 1-3 and 7-10 showed inhibition effect against HepG2, MDA-MB-231, and A549 cells with IC50 values ranging from 0.004 to 19.9 µg/mL. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory assays revealed that (-)-matairesinol (8) had significant inhibitory activities on superoxide anion generation (IC50 = 2.7 ± 0.3 µM) and elastase release (IC50 = 6.6 ± 0.7 µM).

2.
Cells ; 9(4)2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32225123

RESUMO

Galectin-1 (GAL1) is a ß-galactoside-binding protein involved in multiple aspects of tumorigenesis. However, the biological role of GAL1 in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) has not been entirely understood. Herein, we investigated the oncological effects of GAL1 expression in tumor specimens and identified related gene alterations through molecular analysis of GAL1. Clinical parameter data and tumor specimens were collected from 86 patients with pT3N0M0 UTUC who had undergone radical nephroureterectomy. We analyzed the difference in survival by using Kaplan-Meier analyses and Cox proportional regression models and in GAL1 expression by using immunohistochemical (IHC) methods. Public genomic data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and GSE32894 data sets were analyzed for comparison. Using four urothelial carcinoma (UC) cell lines (BFTC-909, T24, RT4, and J82) as in vitro models, we evaluated the functions of GAL1 in UC cell growth, invasiveness, and migration and its role in downstream signaling pathways. The study population was classified into two groups, GAL1-high (n = 35) and GAL1-low (GAL1 n = 51), according to IHC interpretation. Univariate analysis revealed that high GAL1 expression was significantly associated with poor recurrence-free survival (RFS; p = 0.028) and low cancer-specific survival (CSS; p = 0.025). Multivariate analysis revealed that GAL1-high was an independent predictive factor for RFS (hazard ratio (HR) 2.43; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.17-5.05, p = 0.018) and CSS (HR 4.04; 95% CI 1.25-13.03, p = 0.019). In vitro studies revealed that GAL1 knockdown significantly reduced migration and invasiveness in UTUC (BFTC-909) and bladder cancer cells (T24). GAL1 knockdown significantly reduced protein levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9, which increased tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and promoted epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Through gene expression microarray analysis of GAL1 vector and GAL1-KD cells, we identified multiple significant signaling pathways including p53, Forkhead box O (FOXO), and phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT). We validated microarray results through immunoblotting, thus proving that downregulation of GAL1 reduced focal adhesion kinase (FAK), p-PI3K, p-AKT, and p-mTOR expression. We concluded that GAL1 expression was highly related to oncological survival in patients with locally advanced UTUC. GAL1 promoted UC invasion and metastasis by activating the FAK/PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228320

RESUMO

We report here that the neuronal (pro)renin receptor (PRR), a key component of the brain renin-angiotensin system (RAS), plays a critical role in the central regulation of high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced metabolic pathophysiology. The neuronal PRR is known to mediate formation of the majority of angiotensin (Ang) II-a key bioactive peptide of the RAS-in the central nervous system and to regulate blood pressure and cardiovascular function. However, little is known about neuronal PRR function in overnutrition-related metabolic physiology. Here, we show that PRR deletion in neurons reduces blood pressure, neurogenic pressor activity and fasting blood glucose, and improves glucose tolerance without affecting food intake or body weight following a 16-week HFD. Mechanistically, we found that a HFD increases levels of the PRR ligand, (pro)renin, in the circulation and hypothalamus, and of Ang II in the hypothalamus, indicating activation of the brain RAS. Importantly, PRR deletion in neurons reduced astrogliosis and activation of the astrocytic NF-kB p65 (RelA) in the arcuate nucleus and the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus. Collectively, our findings indicate that the neuronal PRR plays essential roles in overnutrition-related metabolic pathophysiology.

4.
J Biomed Sci ; 27(1): 48, 2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241300

RESUMO

With the advances in deep sequencing-based transcriptome profiling technology, it is now known that human genome is transcribed more pervasively than previously thought. Up to 90% of the human DNA is transcribed, and a large proportion of the human genome is transcribed as long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), a heterogenous group of non-coding transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides. Emerging evidence suggests that lncRNAs are functional and contribute to the complex regulatory networks involved in cardiovascular development and diseases. In this article, we will review recent evidence on the roles of lncRNAs in the biological processes of cardiovascular development and disorders. The potential applications of lncRNAs as biomarkers and targets for therapeutics are also discussed.

5.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2020 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32248515

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism of Tojapride, a Chinese herbal formula extract, on strengthening the barrier function of esophageal epithelium in rats with reflux esophagitis (RE). METHODS: Ten out of 85 SD rats were randomly selected as the sham group (n10), and 75 rats were developed a reflux esophagitis model (RE) by the esophageal and duodenal side-to-side anastomosis. Fifty successful modeling rats were divided into different medicated groups through a random number table including the model, low-, medium-, and high-dose of Tojapride as well as omeprazole groups (n10). Three doses of Tojapride [5.73, 11.46, 22.92 g/(kg•d)] and omeprazole [4.17 mg/(kg•d)] were administrated intragastrically twice daily for 3 weeks. And the rats in the sham and model groups were administered 10 mL/kg distilled water. Gastric fluid was collected and the supernatant was kept to measure for volume, pH value and acidity. Esophageal tissues were isolated to monitor the morphological changes through hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and esophageal epithelial ultrastructure was observed by transmission electron microscopy. The expressions of nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells p65 (NF-KBp65), κB kinase beta (IKKß), occludin, and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) in the esophageal tissues were measured by immunohistochemistry and Western blot, respectively. RESULTS: The gastric pH value in the model group was significantly lower than the sham group (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, gastric pH value in the omeprazole and medium-dose of Tojapride groups were significantly higher (P<0.05). A large area of ulceration was found on the esophageal mucosa from the model rats, while varying degrees of congestion and partially visible erosion was observed in the remaining groups. Remarkable increase in cell gap width and decrease in desmosome count was seen in RE rats and the effect was reversed by Tojapride treatment. Compared with the sham group, the IKKß levels were significantly higher in the model group (P<0.05). However, the IKKß levels were down-regulated after treatment by all doses of Tojapride (P<0.01 or P<0.05). The occluding and ZO-1 levels decreased in the model group compared with the sham group (Ps0.01 or Ps0.05), while both indices were significantly up-regulated in the Tojapride-treated groups (P<0.01 or P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Tojapride could improve the pathological conditions of esophageal epithelium in RE rats. The underlying mechanisms may involve in down-regulating the IKKß expression and elevating ZO-1 and occludin expression, thereby alleviating the inflammation of the esophagus and strengthening the barrier function of the esophageal epithelium.

6.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 3925, 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32127619

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, but its current status is unclear. We aimed to investigate the evolution of etiology, presentation, management and prognostic tool in HCC over the past 12 years. A total of 3349 newly diagnosed HCC patients were enrolled and retrospectively analyzed. The comparison of survival was performed by the Kaplan-Meier method with the log-rank test. Hepatitis B and C virus infection in HCC were continuously declining over the three time periods (2004-2007, 2008-2011, 2012-2015; p < 0.001). At diagnosis, single tumor detection rate increased to 73% (p < 0.001), whereas vascular invasion gradually decreased to 20% in 2012-2015 (p < 0.001). Early stage HCC gradually increased from 2004-2007 to 2012-2015 (p < 0.001). The probability of patients receiving curative treatment and long-term survival increased from 2004-2007 to 2012-2015 (p < 0.001). The Cancer of Liver Italian Program (CLIP) and Taipei Integrated Scoring (TIS) system were two more accurate staging systems among all. In conclusion, the clinical presentations of HCC have significantly changed over the past 12 years. Hepatitis B and C virus-associated HCC became less common, and more patients were diagnosed at early cancer stage. Patient survival increased due to early cancer detection that results in increased probability to undergo curative therapies.

7.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 31(2): 167-179, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Autophagy plays a positive role in the prevention of liver damage after hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (HIRI); however, the molecular mechanism is still a mystery. Understanding the molecular events behind this injury may have important implications for devising proper strategies for managing liver injury. This study investigated the effects of Frizzled-2 expression on autophagy as well as Ca2+ concentration and apoptosis in BRL-3A cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BRL-3A cells exposed to the hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) condition were used as an in vitro HIRI hepatic cell model. The transfection of Frizzled-2 small interfering RNA (siRNA) or expression vector was performed to silence or overexpress Frizzled-2 in BRL-3A cells. The intracellular Ca2+ concentration was monitored by the fluorescence of Ca+. Western blot was used to detect autophagy-related proteins and apoptotic marker Caspase-3. The cellular autophagosome was observed by a transmission electron microscope. RESULTS: Beclin-1 and Atg7 expressions were considerably induced by H/R treatment, and this induction was attenuated by Frizzled-2 siRNA in BRL-3A cells. The LC3B-II/I ratio was inhibited by H/R treatment, although it was considerably induced by Frizzled-2 siRNA. The overexpression of Frizzled-2 induced intracellular Ca2+ concentration and expressed autophagy-related proteins and Caspase-3 except for the suppression of LC3B-II/I ratio in BRL-3A cells in the normoxia condition. CONCLUSION: The overexpression of Frizzled-2 mimicked H/R treatment and suppressed autophagy activity, whereas Frizzled-2 siRNA induced cellular autophagy and attenuated the H/R-induced hepatic injury in BRL-3A cells. These developments suggest that Frizzled-2 siRNA protects hepatic BRL-3A cells from the injury of H/R via autophagy modulation.

8.
Nutrients ; 12(3)2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164196

RESUMO

Obesity is associated with metabolic disorders. Thus, obesity prevention and treatment are essential for health. Antrodia cinnamomea (AC) is a multifunctional medicinal fungus used for the treatment of various diseases and for preventing diet-induced obesity. Leptin deficiency causes over-eating and spontaneous obesity. The concomitant metabolic symptoms are more severe than diet-induced obesity. Here, we used leptin-deficient (ob/ob) mice as an animal model for over-feeding to study the effect of AC on obesity. We fed C57BL/6 mice (WT, ob+/+) and ob/ob mice with AC for four weeks before performing qRT-PCR and immunoblot analysis to elaborate AC-modulated mechanisms. Further, we used Caco-2 cells as a human intestinal epithelial barrier model to examine the effect of AC on intestinal permeability. Our results suggested that AC reduces lipid deposits of the liver and epididymal white adipose tissue (EWAT) by promoting lipid metabolism and inhibiting lipogenesis-associated genes and proteins in ob/ob mice. Moreover, AC effectively repaired intestinal-barrier injury caused by leptin deficiency and enhanced intestinal barrier integrity in Caco-2 cells. Interestingly, AC significantly reduced body weight and EWAT with no compromise on food intake in ob/ob mice. Thus, AC effectively reduced obesity caused by leptin-deficiency and can potentially be used as a nutraceutical for treating obesity.

9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 6354183, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32190673

RESUMO

In vitro 3D hepatocyte culture constitutes a core aspect of liver tissue engineering. However, conventional 3D cultures are unable to maintain hepatocyte polarity, functional phenotype, or viability. Here, we employed microfluidic chip technology combined with natural alginate hydrogels to construct 3D liver tissues mimicking hepatic plates. We comprehensively evaluated cultured hepatocyte viability, function, and polarity. Transcriptome sequencing was used to analyze changes in hepatocyte polarity pathways. The data indicate that, as culture duration increases, the viability, function, polarity, mRNA expression, and ultrastructure of the hepatic plate mimetic 3D hepatocytes are enhanced. Furthermore, hepatic plate mimetic 3D cultures can promote changes in the bile secretion pathway via effector mechanisms associated with nuclear receptors, bile uptake, and efflux transporters. This study provides a scientific basis and strong evidence for the physiological structures of bionic livers prepared using 3D cultures. The systems and cultured liver tissues described here may serve as a better in vitro 3D culture platform and basic unit for varied applications, including drug development, hepatocyte polarity research, bioartificial liver bioreactor design, and tissue and organ construction for liver tissue engineering or cholestatic liver injury.

10.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 4342, 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32152428

RESUMO

Intensity-modulated radiotherapy with simultaneous integrated boost (IMRT-SIB) reduces overall treatment duration and results in less radiotherapy (RT)-induced dermatitis. However, the use of traditional sequential approach or IMRT-SIB is still under debate since there is not enough evidence of long-term clinical outcomes. The present study investigated 216 patients who underwent breast conserving surgery (BCS) between 2010 and 2013. The median age was 51 years (range, 21-81 years). All patients received IMRT-SIB, 50.4 Gy at 1.8 Gy per fraction to the whole breast and 60.2 Gy at 2.15 Gy per fraction to the tumor bed by integral boost. Among 216 patients, 175 patients received post-operative RT with forward IMRT and 41 patients had Tomotherapy. The median follow-up was 6.4 years. Forty patients (97.6%) in the Tomotherapy arm and 147 patients (84%) in the IMRT arm developed grade 0-1 skin toxicity (P = 0.021). For the entire cohort, the 5-year and 7-year overall survival (OS) rates were 94.4% and 93.1% respectively. The 7-year distant metastasis-free survival rates were 100% vs 89.1% in the Tomotherapy and IMRT arm respectively (P = 0.028). In conclusion, Tomotherapy improved acute skin toxicity compared with forward IMRT-SIB. Chronic skin complication was 1.9%. IMRT-SIB resulted in good long-term survival.

11.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1332, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32165612

RESUMO

Compared to transmission systems based on shafts and gears, tendon-driven systems offer a simpler and more dexterous way to transmit actuation force in robotic hands. However, current tendon fibers have low toughness and suffer from large friction, limiting the further development of tendon-driven robotic hands. Here, we report a super tough electro-tendon based on spider silk which has a toughness of 420 MJ/m3 and conductivity of 1,077 S/cm. The electro-tendon, mechanically toughened by single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and electrically enhanced by PEDOT:PSS, can withstand more than 40,000 bending-stretching cycles without changes in conductivity. Because the electro-tendon can simultaneously transmit signals and force from the sensing and actuating systems, we use it to replace the single functional tendon in humanoid robotic hand to perform grasping functions without additional wiring and circuit components. This material is expected to pave the way for the development of robots and various applications in advanced manufacturing and engineering.

12.
Thorac Cancer ; 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32162769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To develop a model of malignant risk prediction of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs) using metabolic characteristics of lesions. METHODS: A total of 362 patients who underwent PET/CT imaging from January 2013 to July 2017 were analyzed. Differences in the clinical and imaging characteristics were analyzed between patients with benign SPNs and those with malignant SPNs. Risk factors were screened by multivariate nonconditional logistic regression analysis. The self-verification of the model was performed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, and out-of-group verification was performed by k-fold cross-validation. RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences in age, maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax ), size, lobulation, spiculation, pleural traction, vessel connection, calcification, presence of vacuoles, and emphysema between patients with benign nodules and those with malignant nodules (all P < 0.05). The risk factors for malignant nodules included age, SUVmax , size, lobulation, calcification and vacuoles. The logistic regression model was as follows: P = l/(1 + e-x ), x = - 5.583 + 0.039 × age + 0.477 × SUVmax + 0.139 × size + 1.537 × lobulation - 1.532 × calcification + 1.113 × vacuole. The estimated area under the curve (AUC) for the model was 0.915 (95% CI: 0.883-0.947), the sensitivity was 89.7%, and the specificity was 78.9%. K-fold cross-validation showed that the training accuracy was 0.899 ± 0.011, and the predictive accuracy was 0.873 ± 0.053. CONCLUSIONS: The risk factors for malignant nodules included age, SUVmax , size, lobulation, calcification and vacuoles. After verification, the model has satisfactory accuracy, and it may assist clinics make appropriate treatment decisions.

13.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221162

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with nonhepatocellular carcinoma malignancies. We aimed to evaluate whether achieving a sustained virological response (SVR, defined as HCV RNA seronegativity throughout posttreatment 24-week follow-up) could reduce the risk of non-hepatocellular carcinoma malignancy in a real-world nationwide Taiwanese Chronic Hepatitis C Cohort (T-COACH). METHODS: A total of 10,714 patients with chronic hepatitis C who had received interferon-based therapy (8,186 SVR and 2,528 non-SVR) enrolled in T-COACH and were linked to the National Cancer Registry database for the development of 12 extrahepatic malignancies, including those with potential associations with HCV and with the top-ranking incidence in Taiwan, over a median follow-up period was 3.79 years (range, 0-16.44 years). RESULTS: During the 44,354 person-years of follow-up, 324 (3.02%) patients developed extrahepatic malignancies, without a difference between patients with and without SVR (annual incidence: 0.69% vs 0.87%, respectively). Compared with patients with SVR, patients without SVR had a significantly higher risk of gastric cancer (0.10% vs 0.03% per person-year, P = 0.004) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) (0.08% vs 0.03% per person-year, respectively, P = 0.03). When considering death as a competing risk, non-SVR was independently associated with gastric cancer (hazard ratio [HR]/95% confidence intervals [CIs]: 3.29/1.37-7.93, P = 0.008). When patients were stratified by age, the effect of SVR in reducing gastric cancer (HR/CI: 0.30/0.11-0.83) and NHL (HR/CI: 0.28/0.09-0.85) was noted only in patients aged <65 years but not those aged >65 years. DISCUSSION: HCV eradication reduced the risk of gastric cancer and NHL, in particular among younger patients, indicating that patients with chronic hepatitis C should be treated as early as possible.

14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 5372, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32214132

RESUMO

In patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC), the effects of baseline characteristics, virological profiles, and therapeutic outcome to pegylated interferon plus ribavirin (PR) therapy on autoimmune diseases are unknown. Taiwanese Chronic Hepatitis C Cohort is a nationwide hepatitis C virus registry cohort comprising 23 hospitals of Taiwan. A total of 12,770 CHC patients receiving PR therapy for at least 4 weeks between January 2003 and December 2015 were enrolled and their data were linked to the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for studying the development of 10 autoimmune diseases. The mean follow-up duration was 5.3 ± 2.9 years with a total of 67,930 person-years, and the annual incidence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was 0.03%. Other autoimmune diseases were not assessable due to few events. Body mass index ≥24 kg/m2 was an independent predictor of the low incidence of SLE or RA (hazard ratio 0.40, 95% confidence interval 0.17-0.93, p = 0.034). A sustained virological response (SVR) to PR therapy was not associated with the low incidence of SLE or RA in any subgroup analysis. CHC patients achieving SVR to PR therapy did not exhibit an impact on the incidence of SLE or RA compared with non-SVR patients.

15.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(12): 3729-3741, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125836

RESUMO

To seek new protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPO) inhibitors with better biological activity, a series of novel diphenyl ether derivatives containing tetrahydrophthalimide were designed based on the principle of substructure splicing and bioisomerization. PPO inhibition experiments exhibited that 6c is the most potential compound, with the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of 0.00667 mg/L, showing 7 times higher activity than Oxyfluorfen (IC50 = 0.0426 mg/L) against maize PPO and similar herbicidal activities to Oxyfluorfen in weeding experiments in greenhouses and field weeding experiments. In view of the inspected bioactivities, the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of this series of compounds was also discussed. Crop selection experiments demonstrate that compound 6c is safe for soybeans, maize, rice, peanuts, and cotton at a dose of 300 g ai/ha. Accumulation analysis experiments showed that the accumulation of 6c in some crops (soybeans, peanuts, and cotton) was significantly lower than Oxyfluorfen. Current work suggests that compound 6c may be developed as a new herbicide candidate in fields.

16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(27): 3851-3854, 2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134081

RESUMO

Five molecular complexes with different non-noble metal centers were synthesized. The Co-based complex displays the highest photocatalytic performance for CO2 to CO conversion in aqueous media. It achieves high activity (TON = 41 017 and TOF = 3.80 s-1) and selectivity (87%) for the production of CO.

17.
Parkinsonism Relat Disord ; 73: 1-2, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32151945

RESUMO

We screened the RFC1 intronic AAGGG repeat expansions in late-onset ataxia cases, MSA patients and controls. The data suggested that no biallelic repeat expansion carrier was found in our cohort and the heterozygous intronic AAGGG repeat expansions may not lead to an increased risk of late-onset ataxia or MSA.

18.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(3)2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012785

RESUMO

In this paper, we present a form of food security sensing using a waveguide antenna microwave imaging system through an example of an egg. A waveguide antenna system with a frequency range of 7-13 GHz and a maximum gain of 17.37 dBi was proposed. The maximum scanning area of the waveguide antenna microwave imaging sensing system is 30 × 30 cm2. In order to study the resolution and sensitivity of the waveguide antenna microwave imaging sensing system, the circular and triangular high-k materials (with the same thickness but with different dielectric constants of the materials) were used as the testing sample for observing the microwave images. By using the proposed waveguide antenna microwave imaging sensing system, the high-k materials with different dielectric constants and shapes could be easily sensed. Therefore, the waveguide antenna microwave imaging sensing system could be potentially used for applications in rapid, non-destructive food security sensing. Regarding the example of an egg, the proposed waveguide antenna microwave imaging sensing system could effectively identify the health status of many eggs very quickly. The proposed waveguide antenna microwave imaging sensing system provides a simple, non-destructive, effective, and rapid method for food security applications.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32084347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether strength or aerobic training can offer significantly more benefits with regarding the activities of daily living of elderly patients with dementia as well as to determine the effects of exercise on cognition, depression, and biochemical markers. DESIGN: Single-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: A nursing home for veterans. PARTICIPANTS: A volunteer sample of participants (N=80) whose scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination were between 15 and 26 were included. Because of cardiopulmonary or orthopedic conditions that prohibit exercise training, along with any cognitive problems that may impede answering the contents of our questionnaires, 11 participants were excluded. During the exercise training period, 8 participants voluntarily dropped out of the study. INTERVENTIONS: The participants were randomly assigned to perform either strength or aerobic training for a total of 4 weeks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcome measure was the Barthel Index. Other outcome measures included the Mini-Mental State Examination, Montreal Cognitive Assessment, Geriatric Depression Scale, plasma monocyte chemotactic protein-1 levels, insulin-like growth factor-1 levels, and serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels. RESULTS: After completion of the program, we discovered a significant improvement in the patients' Barthel Index, Mini-Mental State Examination, Montreal Cognitive Assessment, and plasma monocyte chemotactic protein-1 levels in the strength-training group. For the patients who had received aerobic training, their serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor also improved significantly. However, the degree of improvement regarding these outcome measures did not achieve significant statistical difference between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Through our study, an intensive 4-week exercise program, whether it be strength or aerobic training, is evidenced to bring significant benefits to elderly patients with dementia, while the serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor was additionally improved through aerobic training.

20.
Atherosclerosis ; 297: 64-73, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Atherosclerosis is a serious cardiovascular disease, featuring inflammation, abnormal proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). During atherosclerosis, inflammation may cause low pH. T-cell death-associated gene 8 (Tdag8) is a proton-sensing receptor, however, the role of Tdag8 in VSMCs remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the potential effects of Tdag8 in VSMCs during atherosclerosis. METHODS: We examined the expression of Tdag8 in an atherosclerotic model of high-fat-diet-fed ApoE-/- mice, while the role and mechanism of Tdag8 in phenotype transformation, proliferation and migration of VSMCs were investigated in a series of in vivo and in vitro experiments. RESULTS: We first found that Tdag8 expression at the mRNA and protein level was significantly increased in atherosclerotic ApoE-/- mice. Immunofluorescence staining showed that Tdag8 was primarily distributed in PCNA-positive VSMCs and the phenotype of VSMCs switching from contractile phenotype to synthetic phenotype. Additionally, the protein level of Tdag8 was upregulated in FBS-treated VSMCs. VSMCs proliferation and migration were inhibited by Tdag8 silencing and increased by Tdag8 overexpression. Further mechanistic studies showed that cAMP level was increased in Tdag8-overexpressing VSMCs and ApoE-/- mice. However, the PKA inhibitor H-89 reversed Tdag8-induced VSMC proliferation and migration. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate that Tdag8 mediated phenotype transformation, proliferation and migration of VSMCs via the cAMP/PKA signaling pathway, thus partially contributing to atherosclerosis.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA