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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477298

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Similarly to patients with schizophrenia, non-clinical individuals with schizotypal traits have been reported to show an increased risk for suicide-related outcomes. We aimed to assess suicidal ideation, and to determine factors that may have associations with help-seeking attitudes in high schizotypal individuals as compared to low schizotypal individuals. METHOD: We carried out a cross-sectional survey. The Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire, the attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help scale-short form, the disclosure expectations scale, the scale of suicide ideation, the stigma of suicide scale-short form, the literacy of suicide scale, and the depression anxiety stress scales were administered to 504 college students. A total of 51 students were classified in the high-schizotypy group, and 50 were classified in the low-schizotypy group. RESULTS: High-schizotypal students experienced significantly more suicidal ideation, had greater literacy of suicide, had more glorification of suicide, had higher anticipated risks of disclosure and more negative help-seeking attitudes than low-schizotypal students. After controlling for sociodemographic (age, gender, income and tobacco use) and psychosocial variables (personal psychiatric history, family history of suicide, personal history of suicide attempt[s]), depression and suicide ideation), disclosure expectations had both a significant negative independent effect through anticipated risks, and a positive independent effect through anticipated benefits, on high-schizotypal students' help-seeking attitudes. CONCLUSION: The apprehension and reluctance to seek help found in high-schizotypal students highlight an urgent need to further understand barriers to help-seeking among at-risk adolescents, and what may motivate them to reach out for support when they are more at-risk for suicide.

2.
J Forensic Leg Med ; 82: 102232, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Considerable effort has been devoted to elucidating correlates of psychopathy in males, but only few researchers have turned their attention to this field in female counterparts, with most of the research in this field having been driven from western countries. We aimed to explore psychopathic traits, impulsiveness and psychiatric symptoms that characterize a Tunisian female prison population. METHOD: Data were collected in a cross-sectional design during September 2017. The sample was comprised of 100 adult females who were incarcerated at the "Manouba Women's Prison" at the time of the survey. The Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale, the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, and The Brief Symptom Inventory were used. RESULTS: In the univariate analysis, socioeconomic level (p = .001), tobacco use (p = .001), poly drug use (p = .014) and physically aggressive behaviors in the 6 months before incarceration (p = .043) were significantly associated with psychopathy total scores. After multivariable adjustment, motor impulsiveness (ß = 0.426, p < .01) and phobic anxiety (ß = 0.284, p < .05) contributed significantly to the variance of psychopathy total scores. CONCLUSION: The current findings not only add to the growing body of literature on female psychopathy, but also help inform decision making about mental health-related programs and policies in female prison settings in underdeveloped and underrepresented countries similar to our sociocultural context.


Assuntos
Prisioneiros/psicologia , Mulheres/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Agressão/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicopatologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Tunísia/epidemiologia
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427054

RESUMO

AIM: We aimed to further elucidate the under-researched, underdiagnosed and misunderstood comorbid pica in the context of psychosis. METHOD: We report a case of teen-onset plastophagia in an antipsychotic-naïve girl at ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis. RESULTS: HA is a 17-year-old unmarried girl who had a history of good premorbid functioning, no personal psychiatric history and an uncle with schizophrenia. She was referred to our psychiatry department with the complaint of having the habit of eating plastic for about 2 years. A thorough clinical history revealed that she developed, since more than a year, difficulty in school and interpersonal functioning. After clinical evaluation, a diagnosis of UHR with major depressive disorder, iron deficiency anaemia and pica was made. CONCLUSION: We draw attention to the possibility of an overlap between the pathogenesis of pica and psychosis, and we highlight the importance of early diagnosis and management of both pica and UHR since they can lead to serious medical and mental consequences.

4.
J Psychosoc Oncol ; : 1-18, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34328072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited research suggesting that women with Benign Breast Disease (BBD) experience psychological distress similar to breast cancer (BC) women. We aimed to examine hopelessness and its related factors in BC and BBD women. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study. The Beck Hopelessness Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory were administered to 51 BBD and 52 BC women. RESULTS: BC women had higher hopelessness scores as compared to those with BBD (6.9 ± 4.8 vs. 4.9 ± 3.6; p = .018). After controlling for confounding variables, depression and suicidal ideation/behavior were significantly associated with hopelessness in the BBD group, while only a lower socioeconomic status was associated with higher hopelessness scores in the BC group. CONCLUSION: We found that not only BC but also BBD lead to a psychological burden. Early detection and handling of hopeless feelings and thoughts that may arise in this population are recommended.

5.
Pers Individ Dif ; 178: 110872, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814659

RESUMO

Background: Little consideration has been given to the impact of COVID-19 on people at risk of psychosis despite their particular preexisting vulnerability. We aimed to examine the role of coping strategies in determining the levels of fear in nonclinical students with high levels of self-reported schizotypal personality traits as compared to low-schizotypy controls. Method: This was a cross-sectional survey. The Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire, the Fear of COVID-19 Scale and The Brief-Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced were used. Results: High-schizotypy students had significantly higher maladaptive strategies scores and higher levels of fear of COVID-19 as compared to low-schizotypy students. Multivariate analyses have shown that high-schizotypy individuals were likely to rely on coping responses that are maladaptive (venting) and have potential exacerbating effects on fear of COVID-19, whereas low-schizotypy individuals were likely to use adaptive responses (acceptance) that seemed to be effective in reducing fear of COVID-19. Conclusion: This study provided preliminary cross-sectional evidence for a differential impact of COVID-19 on individuals according to their schizotypy features. However, larger longitudinal population-based studies are necessary to confirm our findings.

6.
J Relig Health ; 60(3): 1446-1461, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772687

RESUMO

Despite advances in medicine and technology, when facing epidemics people continue to turn to religion to deal with such unpredictable life-threatening events. We aimed to assess psychological distress in the general population of Tunisia during the COVID-19 pandemic and to examine the contribution of religious coping (RC) in the reports of anxiety and depression at the time of the survey. We carried out and online cross-sectional study using a non-probability snowball sampling technique. A total of 603 responses were recorded. The "Depression Anxiety Stress Scales," the "Brief religious coping scale" and the "Arabic religiosity scale" were used. We found that 28.3%, 24.4% and 19.4% of the participants reported severe or extremely severe levels of depression, anxiety and stress, respectively. The mean score for positive RC was 22.8 ± 5.3, while that for negative RC was 14 ± 5.8. After controlling for confounders, multivariate analysis showed that negative RC significantly and positively contributed to depression and anxiety scores in our respondents, indicating that greater use of negative RC was associated with higher levels of psychological distress. No significant relationship was found between overall religiosity or positive religious coping and either depression or anxiety symptoms. Religious beliefs may have an impact on how people cope with emerging infectious disease outbreaks. Religion should be considered by professionals as an important variable to consider in therapy for individuals who engage in RC or perceive religious needs.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Angústia Psicológica , Adaptação Psicológica , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
7.
J Relig Health ; 60(3): 1839-1855, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32691188

RESUMO

Studies evaluating religious coping in Arab-Muslim populations are few. We aimed to evaluate religiosity and religious coping in a sample of breast cancer women, and to analyze the association between religiosity, religious coping, depression, anxiety, cancer clinical data, and sociodemographic data in our patients. A cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted over a 4-month period in 61 newly diagnosed breast cancer women. We used the following scales: The Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21), the Arabic-Brief Religious Coping Scale (A-BRCS) and the Arabic Religiosity Scale. The majority of participants (98.4%) had a moderate to high level of religiosity. A weak correlation was found between religious coping scores and stress, depression, and anxiety scores. Our patients had high scores of positive religious coping, with a mean score of 26.13 out of 28 and used more positive coping than negative coping to cope with the cancerous disease. High levels of affective religiosity were the main predictive factor of positive religious coping. Therapies should reinforce the positive religious coping patterns of breast cancer patients, and detect a possible resort to negative religious coping that may negatively affect the patients' quality of life.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Islamismo , Adaptação Psicológica , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
8.
Crisis ; 42(1): 20-31, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32343167

RESUMO

Objective: Little is known about specific professional factors influencing medical students' suicidal ideation and behavior. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation in Tunisian medical students. Method: This was a cross-sectional study; 390 second-cycle medical students were enrolled at the Faculty of Medicine of Tunis. Participants responded to an anonymous questionnaire containing sociodemographic data, educational factors, the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire (SIQ), and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress scales (DASS-21). Results: Eleven students (2.8%) had made one or more suicide attempts in their lifetime. For a threshold value of 41 based on the SIQ scale, 7.9% of students were considered to have a potential risk of suicide. The multiple hierarchical linear regression analysis identified as main factors independently associated with suicidal ideation: tobacco consumption, perceived sleep quality, depression symptoms, the personal history of suicide attempt, the satisfaction with student-supervisor relationship, and choosing to study medicine. Conclusion: Suicide prevention efforts should target high-risk students with prior personal or family history of suicidal behavior. Moreover, medical school authorities should put in place effective strategies to optimize the learning environment at their institutions.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are widespread among students. However, mental health help-seeking remains low. Several reviews and meta-analyses have shown that the main barrier to seeking help from mental health professionals is stigma. This paper aimed to assess stigma in a sample of students, and its association with help-seeking intentions and comfort with disclosing a mental illness. METHOD: The 'Community Attitudes toward the Mentally Ill', the 'Mental Health Knowledge Schedule', and the 'Reported and Intended Behaviour Scale' were administered to a total of 714 college students (62.2% female; mean age = 20.9). RESULTS: We found that 43.8% of students agreed that one of the main causes of mental illness is a lack of self-discipline and willpower, 21.9% did not consider depression as a mental illness, and 39.6% felt that they would be 'unlikely' or 'very unlikely' to seek the help of a health professional for mental health problems. Females had higher scores in help-seeking intentions (p < .001) and knowledge of mental illness (p = .019). Students' age negatively correlated with knowledge (p < .001, r = -.147). Pearson correlations indicated that help-seeking intentions positively correlated with more favourable future intentions of being in contact with a person with a mental illness (p < .001, r = .103) and greater mental health knowledge (p < .001, r = .163); and that comfort with disclosing significantly and negatively correlated with attitudes (p < .001, r = -.125). CONCLUSION: To date, few young people see mental health professionals as a preferred source of support, and action is needed to change this perception or reform mental health services to make them more attractive to this age group.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances in schizophrenia are common throughout its course including in the prodrome, and have been mainly attributed to severity of symptoms and antipsychotic use. We aimed to investigate whether early course patients with schizophrenia and young non-psychotic siblings of patients with schizophrenia also show sleep disturbances and whether sleep correlates with symptoms and functioning. METHODS: Three study groups, that is, adults newly diagnosed with schizophrenia (n = 54), young non-psychotic siblings of schizophrenia patients (n = 56) and a sample of healthy controls matched to the patients and siblings (n = 61) were evaluated on Horne and Ostberg Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire, Epworth Sleepiness Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Severity of symptoms and functioning are assessed using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale, respectively. Age, gender, occupation and marital status were regarded as covariates, and differences between the three groups were evaluated using analysis of covariance. RESULTS: Early course schizophrenia patients and non-psychotic siblings of schizophrenia patients showed significantly reduced sleep quality relative to healthy controls (P < .001). Schizophrenia patients had significantly higher daytime sleepiness compared to controls (P < .001). Chronotypes in schizophrenia patients and unaffected siblings did not significantly differ from those of the healthy controls. CONCLUSIONS: Like chronic medicated schizophrenia patients, early course schizophrenia patients and young non-psychotic siblings of individuals with schizophrenia have sleep disturbances. These findings indicate that sleep markers can distinguish unaffected siblings of schizophrenia from healthy controls and serve as an endophenotype for schizophrenia.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034164

RESUMO

AIM: Prior research has consistently demonstrated a relationship between childhood trauma (CT) exposure and an increased risk of developing psychotic-like experiences (PLE) and disorders. Studying the link between CT and PLE in non-clinical populations with or without genetic risk factors could help elucidate the etiopathogeny of psychotic disorders, by removing the effect of confounding variables related to psychotic-spectrum illnesses. METHOD: A total of 60 non-affected siblings of patients with schizophrenia and 75 controls (aged 18-35 years) participated in a cross-sectional survey. The Positive Subscale of Community Assessment of Psychotic Experiences (CAPE) and the CT Questionnaire were used. RESULTS: We found no significant difference with regard to positive dimension of the CAPE between the two groups. Siblings have reported higher CAPE negative symptoms scores than controls (27.9 vs 24.2; P = .015), and more emotional abuse and physical neglect during childhood than controls. After controlling for demographic and psychosocial variables, sexual abuse, emotional neglect and physical neglect were positively related to positive psychotic symptoms in the control group, whereas no dimension of CT has been linked to these symptoms in the sibling group. CONCLUSION: The link between CT and psychosis seems to be complex, not only dependent on genetic vulnerability or early environmental factors shared by siblings of patients with psychotic disorders, but also several other confounding factors, including other psychopathological symptoms. Prevention strategies for individuals at genetic risk of psychosis should pay particular attention to CT as a potential predictor of sub-clinical depression and psychosis.

12.
Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil ; 18(1): 103-114, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Death distress is a significant problem in the older population and may be more pronounced in certain vulnerable older people, including those living in nursing home facilities. We aimed to assess death obsession (DO) in elderly people without dementia living in nursing homes, and to examine the association between DO and religiosity. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional survey involving 42 elderly subjects living in a nursing home in Manouba, Tunisia. The "Mini-Mental State Examination", "Geriatric Depression Scale", "Activity of Daily Living", "Cumulative Illness Rating Scale-Geriatric", "Death Obsession Scale", "Brief Religious Coping Scale" and "Arabic Religiosity Scale" were used to assess cognitive functions, depression, level of dependency, comorbidities, death obsession, religious coping, and religiosity, respectively. RESULTS: We found relatively high death obsession scores, with no gender differences (mean scores = 33.1 ± 18.1). Death obsession was significantly and positively associated with comorbidity scores (p = 0.04). No significant correlation was found between death obsession scores and religiosity and religious coping scores based on the bivariate analysis. Similarly, multiple hierarchical regression revealed that religious variables (overall religiosity and religious coping) did not significantly contribute to variance in death obsession. CONCLUSION: Older people living in nursing homes have specific psychosocial and spiritual needs which health care providers should recognise, assess and treat appropriately, at an early stage.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Morte/etnologia , Islamismo , Casas de Saúde , Comportamento Obsessivo/psicologia , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Religião , Instituições de Cuidados Especializados de Enfermagem , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia
13.
Int J Law Psychiatry ; 71: 101580, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many studies have established a correlation between the increase of homicide rates, and economic crises and rapid social changes following historical events. We propose to analyse the impact of the Tunisian Revolution on homicide rates in Tunisia in a clinical population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective comparative study of all individuals who commited an homicide and were admitted, at least once, to the forensic psychiatry unit in Razi Hospital between January 1st, 2004 and December 31st, 2018 after a decision of irresponsibility by reason of insanity. RESULTS: The number of homicides committed by the individuals with mental illness included in our study was multiplied by a factor of 1.3 after the revolution, with a prevalence of 11.0% between 2004 and 2011, compared to a prevalence of 14.7% during the period 2011-2018. No significant difference was noted between the two groups regarding the socio-demographic characteristics or the characteristics of the act committed. CONCLUSION: Our results highlighted that political and socio-economic crises following the Tunisian revolution significantly contributed to an increase of homicide rates in people with severe mental illness. Thus, macro-level socioeconomic determinants would be important to consider in homicide prevention strategies.


Assuntos
Distúrbios Civis , Homicídio/tendências , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Mudança Social , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Tunísia/epidemiologia
14.
Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil ; 18(4): 385-394, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32815817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Admission to nursing homes is often associated with a change in the way the elderly live, possibly impacting quality of life (QOL). We aimed to assess QOL in elderly without dementia living in nursing homes, and to examine the association between QOL and sociodemographic features, comorbidities, level of dependency, and depression. METHOD: We carried out a cross-sectional survey involving 42 old subjects living in Manouba nursing home. The Mini-mental state examination, the Geriatric depression scale, the Activity of daily living, the Cumulative illness rating scale-geriatric, and the 36-item Medical outcomes study short-form health survey-SF36 were used to assess cognitive functions, depression, level of dependency, comorbidities and QOL, respectively. RESULTS: All dimensions of the physical and mental components of QOL were altered in our population, with an overall mean score of less than 66.7 for all domains. A significant correlation was found between the two physical and mental components of QOL and the level of dependency, depression scores as well as comorbidity scores. In the final model of hierarchical regression, which included demographic (age and gender), clinical (level of dependency and comorbidities), and psychosocial (depression and social support) variables, only social support was significantly associated with both QOL dimensions. CONCLUSION: Strengthening social support in institutions is strongly recommended, especially activities that promote interaction. When family members remain involved in the lives of their older relatives after institutionalization, policies such as family visits and the involvement of family members in the care provided should be strongly encouraged.

16.
Pain Res Manag ; 2020: 7408508, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32617124

RESUMO

Introduction: The management of neuropathic pain remains complex, generally because of the psychiatric comorbidity that is often underdiagnosed. The objectives of our work were to determine the link between depression and the characteristics of NP on the one hand and quality of life on the other hand, in a sample of subjects consulting for neuropathic pain (NP) regardless of etiology. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study involving 61 neuropathic pain consulting patients in whom we assessed five parameters, namely, neuropathic pain based on DN4, pain intensity using EVA, anxiety, and depression according to the HADS and quality of life. Results: The study population mean age was 52.71 ± 14.29 years while the sex ratio (m/f) was 0.52. The neuropathic pain's most common etiologies were postherpetic pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and diabetic neuropathy. Depression and anxiety prevailed by 65.6% and 73.7%, respectively. The quality of life was impaired with average SF-12 physical and mental scores of 33.76 ± 8.03 and 37.78 ± 11.52, respectively. The overall mean BPI score was 5.53 ± 1.76. Patients with high DN4 scores were significantly more depressed (p=0.025). A significantly positive association was found between the depression score and the pain intensity (p=0.001, r = 0.41). Depressed subjects had a poor quality of life according to SF-12 and BPI. Conclusion: Given the depressive comorbidity impact on the neuropathic pain components as well as the quality of life, screening for this comorbidity should be part of the baseline ND assessment.


Assuntos
Depressão/epidemiologia , Neuralgia/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência
18.
Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil ; 18(1): 103-114, 2020 03 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32160979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The death distress would be one of the most important problems in the older population and would be more pronounced in some vulnerable older subjects, including those living in nursing homes facilities. We aimed to assess death obsession (DO) in elderly without dementia living in nursing homes, and to examine the association between DO and religiosity. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional survey involving 42 old subjects living in Manouba nursing home. The "Mini-Mental State Examination", the "Geriatric Depression Scale", the "Activity of Daily Living", the "Cumulative Illness Rating Scale-Geriatric", the "Death Obsession Scale", the "Brief religious coping scale" and the "Arabic Religiosity Scale" were used to assess cognitive functions, depression, level of dependency, comorbidities, death obsession, religious coping and religiosity, respectively. RESULTS: We found relatively high death obsession scores, with no gender differencies (mean scores = 33.1 ± 18.1). The death obsession was significantly and positively associated with comorbidity scores (p = 0.04). No significant correlation was found between death obsession scores and religiosity and religious coping scores in the bivariate analysis. Similarly, multiple hierarchical regression found that religious variables (global religiosity and religious coping) did not significantly contribute to the variance of the death obsession. CONCLUSION: Older people living in nursing homes have specific psychosocial and spiritual needs, that health care providors should recognize, assess and care for, early and adequately.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Morte/etnologia , Islamismo/psicologia , Casas de Saúde , Comportamento Obsessivo/etnologia , Religião , Atividades Cotidianas , Adaptação Psicológica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/etnologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/etnologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tunísia
19.
Clin Gerontol ; 43(5): 545-557, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are very little data on the burden among caregivers of older adults with severe mental diseases. We aimed to assess the perceived burden among caregivers of family members with schizophrenia spectrum and bipolar disorders. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 52 older patients with schizophrenia spectrum and bipolar disorders and their family caregivers. Caregivers were assessed with the medical outcome survey short form (SF-36), the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) and the Depression Anxiety and Stress scales (DASS-21). RESULTS: Caregivers' mental quality of life was impaired with an average mental score of 59.05. For a threshold value of 17, the level of perceived burden was considered as high for 42.3% of caregivers. After controlling for demographic variables (age and gender) and patients' health-related variables (level of dependency, comorbidities, age onset of illness, number of hospitalizations and duration of clinical remission), caregivers' levels of depression, stress, and SF-36 physical component significantly contributed to their perceived burden. CONCLUSIONS: Certain modifiable risk factors play an inescapable role in increasing the level of burden among caregivers of older patients with serious mental illnesses. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Improving the quality of life and psychological well-being of family caregivers should be considered an integral part of treatment for serious mental illness in older adult patients.

20.
Community Ment Health J ; 56(7): 1344-1353, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026217

RESUMO

Although literature has documented widespread negative and stereotypical attitudes held by healthcare professionals towards the older adults, there is a current paucity of research about the perspective of psychiatrists. We aimed to identify the attitudes of Tunisian early career psychiatrists towards the older adults. This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 71 early career psychiatrists. Data were collected through anonymous online surveys. A series of 4 point Likert-type questions ("strongly agree", "somewhat agree", "somewhat disagree", "strongly disagree") asked participants about their beliefs about older patients, the characteristics of the psychiatric care of an older person and emotions related to caring for older patients. Psychiatrists agreed that the older patient: is frail and vulnerable in 64.8% of cases, does not trust his psychiatrist in 28% of cases, has problems of communication in 36.6% of the cases and shows hostile or aggressive behavior in 5.6% of the cases. A multivariate binary logistic regression analysis found that clinical experience would play an independent role in predicting the following beliefs and attitudes of early career psychiatrists towards older patients: the belief that the older patient often has perceptual disorders that he is fragile and vulnerable, that he often requires polypharmacy, and that his management exposes the psychiatrist to painful emotional experiences. Given the population aging, early career psychiatrists need to be equipped with skills to fulfil significant roles in responding to future health and support needs. Integrating clinical training in psychogeriatrics into the psychiatric curriculum is strongly recommended.

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