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1.
Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 43: e71, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31507636

RESUMO

Objective: Describe sociodemographic characteristics, health needs, effective referrals, and immediate evaluation of international migrants who participated in the Initial Care for Migrants program during its first year of implementation (May to December 2016) at the Ignacio Domeyko Family Health Center in Santiago, Chile. Methods: Descriptive study. An intervention was designed and implemented to welcome international migrants. It included an initial comprehensive evaluation, a situation assessment, identification of needs, referral to other health services, and transfer of information. Statistical analysis was performed, using measures of central tendency and absolute and relative frequencies to describe sociodemographic characteristics, migratory processes, health needs, and effective referrals after one year of monitoring, as well as the results of a user satisfaction survey. Results: 436 people were registered, of whom 270 (61.9%) participated; 80% were women, mostly from Peru and Venezuela. The largest number of referrals were to pregnancy services (32.6%), followed by family planning (30%) and social services (27.04%). After one year of monitoring, there was 100% compliance for referrals to cardiovascular testing, 97.7% for pregnancy, and 87.7% for social services. The lowest compliance was for referrals to mental health services (11.1%). Conclusions: This intervention, the first of its kind in Chile, welcomed international migrants and provided them with key information, while providing referrals based on health needs and promoting the inclusion of the immigrant population in the Chilean health system.

2.
Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 43, September 2019
Artigo em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-51516

RESUMO

[RESUMEN]. Objetivo. Describir las características sociodemográficas, necesidades de salud, derivaciones efectivas realizadas y evaluación inmediata de la población migrante internacional que participó en el Programa de Atención Inicial al Migrante durante el primer año de ejecución (entre mayo y diciembre del año 2016), implementado en el Centro de Salud Familiar Ignacio Domeyko, Santiago de Chile. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo. Se diseñó e implementó una intervención para dar bienvenida a migrantes internacionales, que contemplaba la evaluación integral inicial, el diagnóstico de situación y detección de necesidades y derivación a otras atenciones, y la entrega de información. Para el análisis se describen, por medio de medidas de tendencia central y frecuencias absolutas y relativas, las características sociodemográficas, el proceso migratorio, las necesidades de salud, el cumplimento de derivaciones a un año de seguimiento y los resultados de la encuesta de satisfacción usuaria. Resultados. Se inscribieron 436 personas, de las cuales asistieron 270 (61,9%). El 80% eran mujeres, provenientes en su mayoría de Perú y Venezuela. La principal derivación realizada fue a control de embarazo (32,6%), seguido de planificación familiar (30%) y servicios sociales (27,04%). A un año de seguimiento, las derivaciones para controles cardiovasculares alcanzaron 100% de cumplimiento, 97,7% para embarazo y 87,7% para servicios sociales. El menor cumplimiento en las derivaciones fue a salud mental (11,1%). Conclusiones. Esta intervención, pionera en Chile, permitió dar bienvenida y proporcionar información clave a la población migrante internacional, así como también realizar derivaciones basadas en necesidades de salud y promover la inserción de la población inmigrante al sistema de salud chileno.


[ABSTRACT]. Objective. Describe sociodemographic characteristics, health needs, effective referrals, and immediate evaluation of international migrants who participated in the Initial Care for Migrants program during its first year of implementation (May to December 2016) at the Ignacio Domeyko Family Health Center in Santiago, Chile. Methods. Descriptive study. An intervention was designed and implemented to welcome international migrants. It included an initial comprehensive evaluation, a situation assessment, identification of needs, referral to other health services, and transfer of information. Statistical analysis was performed, using measures of central tendency and absolute and relative frequencies to describe sociodemographic characteristics, migratory processes, health needs, and effective referrals after one year of monitoring, as well as the results of a user satisfaction survey. Results. 436 people were registered, of whom 270 (61.9%) participated; 80% were women, mostly from Peru and Venezuela. The largest number of referrals were to pregnancy services (32.6%), followed by family planning (30%) and social services (27.04%). After one year of monitoring, there was 100% compliance for referrals to cardiovascular testing, 97.7% for pregnancy, and 87.7% for social services. The lowest compliance was for referrals to mental health services (11.1%). Conclusions. This intervention, the first of its kind in Chile, welcomed international migrants and provided them with key information, while providing referrals based on health needs and promoting the inclusion of the immigrant population in the Chilean health system.


[RESUMO]. Objetivo. Descrever as características sociodemográficas, necessidades em saúde, encaminhamentos efetivados e avaliação imediata da população migrante internacional que participou do Programa de Atenção Inicial ao Migrante no primeiro ano da sua implementação (entre maio e dezembro de 2016) no Centro de Saúde Familiar Ignacio Domeyko, na cidade de Santiago, no Chile. Métodos. Estudo descritivo com base em uma intervenção que foi concebida e implementada para acolher populações migrantes internacionais. A intervenção consistiu de uma avaliação inicial completa, diagnóstico da situação, identificação das necessidades em saúde e encaminhamento a outros serviços de atendimento, além de um componente informativo. A análise se baseou em medidas de tendência central e frequências absolutas e relativas usadas para descrever características sociodemográficas, processo migratório, necessidades em saúde, efetivação dos encaminhamentos em um ano de acompanhamento e resultados da pesquisa de satisfação dos usuários. Resultados. Dos 436 inscritos, 270 participaram do programa (61,9%). Destes, 80% eram mulheres e a maioria era proveniente do Peru e da Venezuela. Os principais encaminhamentos efetivados foram ao atendimento pré-natal (32,6%), planejamento familiar (30%) e serviços sociais (27,04%). Após um ano de acompanhamento, os encaminhamentos para avaliação cardiovascular foram efetivados em 100%, para atenção pré-natal em 97,7% e para serviços sociais em 87,7%. O encaminhamento à atenção de saúde mental foi o menos efetivado (11,1%). Conclusões. Esta foi uma intervenção pioneira no Chile que possibilitou acolher e instruir as populações migrantes internacionais, além de realizar encaminhamentos a serviços conforme as necessidades em saúde e promover a inserção da população imigrante no sistema de saúde chileno.


Assuntos
Migrantes , Sistemas de Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Chile , Migrantes , Sistemas de Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Sistemas de Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde
3.
Salud Publica Mex ; 60(5): 566-578, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30550118

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the social determinants of health (SDH) of international migrant children, from the perceptions of caregivers, health workers and local authorities in eight municipalities in Chile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of data was conducted from a qualitative study that took place between 2014 and 2017. The original study involved semi-structured interviews and focus groups. The secondary thematic analysis of data included all emerging issues related to international migrant children and their living conditions, including use of health services. RESULTS: Findings were grouped according to the model of social determinants of health, which allow a reflection on living conditions of international migrant children and their health situation. CONCLUSIONS: This research shows the impact of SDH on international migrant children in Chile, highlighting relevant issues around this group.


Assuntos
Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Migrantes , Criança , Chile , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Fatores de Risco
5.
Salud pública Méx ; 60(5): 566-578, sep.-oct. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1004655

RESUMO

Resumen: Objetivo: Explorar los determinantes sociales de la salud (DSS) de niños migrantes, a partir de las percepciones de cuidadores y trabajadores/autoridades de salud en las zonas más densas de población migrante en Chile. Material y métodos: Se realizó un análisis de datos secundario de un estudio realizado entre los años 2014 y 2017 desde un paradigma cualitativo de investigación. El estudio original incluyó entrevistas semiestructuradas y grupos focales. El análisis temático secundario de datos contempló todos los temas emergentes referidos a niños migrantes y condiciones de vida, incluyendo utilización de servicios de salud. Resultados: Los DDS fueron agrupados de acuerdo con el Modelo de Determinantes Sociales de la Salud, el cual permite reflexionar en torno a las condiciones de vida de niños migrantes y su situación de salud. Conclusión: Esta investigación muestra el impacto de los DSS en salud de niños migrantes en Chile, resaltando temáticas relevantes en torno a este grupo.


Abstract: Objective: To explore the social determinants of health (SDH) of international migrant children, from the perceptions of caregivers, health workers and local authorities in eight municipalities in Chile. Materials and methods: A secondary analysis of data was conducted from a qualitative study that took place between 2014 and 2017. The original study involved semi-structured interviews and focus groups. The secondary thematic analysis of data included all emerging issues related to international migrant children and their living conditions, including use of health services. Results: Findings were grouped according to the model of social determinants of health, which allow a reflection on living conditions of international migrant children and their health situation. Conclusion: This research shows the impact of SDH on international migrant children in Chile, highlighting relevant issues around this group.

8.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 88(6): 707-716, dic. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-900041

RESUMO

Resumen Introducción: Los niños y jóvenes migrantes internacionales enfrentan diferentes retos en salud en comparación con la población local, en particular si se enfrentan a ambientes inseguros o a condi ciones sociales adversas. Este estudio busca identificar brechas existentes en resultados de salud de la niñez entre población migrante internacional y chilena. Métodos: Este estudio analiza tres fuentes de información: (i)Nacer en Chile: Datos de consulta antenatal recolectados de los registros electrónicos de las mujeres usuarias del programa Chile Crece Contigo, de todos los centros de salud familiar (CESFAM) de administración municipal de la comuna de Recoleta el año 2012; (ii)Crecer en Chile: Datos de encuesta poblacional "Caracterización Socioeconómica Nacional" CASEN 2013 y (iii)En-fermar en Chile: Datos de todos los egresos hospitalarios de 2012, proporcionada por el departamento de estadística e información en salud (DEIS) del Ministerio de Salud. Resultados: (i) Nacer en Chile: Hay mayor proporción de inmigrantes con riesgo biopsicosocial (62,3% vs 50,1% en chilenas) y con ingreso tardío al programa (63,1% vs 33,4%). Hay menos cesáreas en inmigrantes que en chilenas (24,2% vs 33,6%). (ii) Crecer en Chile: Existe una mayor proporción de niños migrantes fuera del sistema escolar y una mayor proporción en pobreza multidimensional (40% vs 23,2%). (iii) Enfermar en Chile: En migrantes entre 7-14 años es más frecuente egresar hospitalariamente por traumatismos/ otras causas externas (23,6% vs 16,7% en chilenos). Conclusiones: Este estudio entrega nueva evi dencia sobre necesidades urgentes de salud de nuestros niños en Chile. Este es un imperativo ético, legal y moral, independiente de la condición migratoria.


Abstract Introduction: Children and young international migrants face different health challenges compa red with the local population, particularly if they live in insecure environments or adverse social conditions. This study seeks to identify gaps in health outcomes of children between immigrant and local population in Chile. Methods: This study analyses data from three sources: (i) Born in Chile: Electronic records of antenatal visits from all municipal antenatal clinics of Recoleta in 2012; (ii) Growing up in Chile: Population survey "National Socioeconomic Characterization" (CASEN) from 2013 and (iii) Getting sick in Chile: Data of all hospital discharges in 2012, provided by the department of statistics and health information (DEIS) of the Ministry of Health. Results: (I) Born in Chile: Im migrants more frequently have psychosocial risk (62.3% vs 50.1% in Chileans) and enter later into the program (63.1% vs 33.4% enter later than 14 weeks of pregnancy). All birth outcomes were better among immigrants (e.g. caesarean sections rates: 24.2% immigrants vs % Chileans). (ii) Growing up in Chile: A higher proportion of migrant children is outside the school system and lives in multidi mensional poverty (40% immigrants vs 23.2% Chileans). (iii) Getting sick in Chile: Injuries and other external causes were more frequent cause of hospitalisation among migrants (23.6%) than the local population (16.7%) aged between 7 and 14 years. Conclusions: Addressing the needs of the children in Chile, regardless of their immigration status, is an ethical, legal and moral imperative.

9.
Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica ; 34(2): 167-175, 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29177373

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the perceptions of primary health workers (PHW) about the challenges of health care for migrants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative multicase study was conducted in eight communes of Chile, using the snowball technique, where 101 PHW and local authorities were recruited. Semi-structured interviews and focal groups were conducted, achieving information saturation. RESULTS: The findings were grouped into two major thematic axes: 1. Technical and administrative difficulties, and 2. Perception of cultural barriers. According to the PHW, although regulations have been established and health care strategies have been generated for the migrant population, these are mostly not stable or known to all PHW. They are also not easy to implement in the various realities investigated. The absence of records on the number of migrants accessing the health system makes it difficult to design specific interventions. Additionally, health care has complications, and the PHW do not necessarily have tools that allow them to provide a care that is culturally sensitive to the needs of the migrant community. CONCLUSIONS: The findings put into question the new challenges in health that Chile is facing in the face of the growing migrant population. The needs perceived by PHW are: stability and clarity in the regulations in force in relation to access and provision of services, training in regulations and the concrete way in which they should operate, and sensitization in cultural competence.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Assistência à Saúde , Migrantes , Adulto , Idoso , Chile , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa
11.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 34(2): 167-175, abr.-jun. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-902910

RESUMO

RESUMEN Objetivos Indagar en las percepciones de los trabajadores de salud primaria (TSP) sobre los desafíos de atención de salud para población migrante. Materiales y métodos Se realizó un estudio cualitativo de caso múltiple en ocho comunas de Chile, mediante la técnica de bola de nieve se reclutó a 101 TSP y autoridades locales. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas y grupos focales, logrando saturación de información. Resultados Los hallazgos fueron agrupados en dos grandes ejes temáticos: 1. Dificultades técnicas y administrativas, y 2. Percepción de barreras culturales. De acuerdo a los TSP, pese a que se han establecido normativas y se han generado estrategias de atención en salud para población migrante, estas, en su mayoría, no son estables ni conocidas por todos los TSP. Tampoco son fáciles de implementar en las diversas realidades investigadas. La ausencia de registros sobre el número de migrantes que accederán al sistema sanitario, dificulta el diseño de intervenciones específicas. Adicionalmente, la atención en salud presenta complicaciones, y los TSP no necesariamente poseen herramientas que les permitan brindar una atención que sea culturalmente sensible a las necesidades de la comunidad migrante. Conclusiones Los hallazgos ponen en discusión los nuevos desafíos en salud que enfrenta Chile frente a la creciente población migrante. Las necesidades percibidas por TSP son: estabilidad y claridad en las normativas vigentes en relación a acceso y prestación de servicios, capacitación en normativas y la manera concreta en la que estas deben operar, y sensibilización en competencia cultural.


ABSTRACT Objectives To investigate the perceptions of primary health workers (PHW) about the challenges of health care for migrants. Materials and methods A qualitative multicase study was conducted in eight communes of Chile, using the snowball technique, where 101 PHW and local authorities were recruited. Semi-structured interviews and focal groups were conducted, achieving information saturation. Results The findings were grouped into two major thematic axes: 1. Technical and administrative difficulties, and 2. Perception of cultural barriers. According to the PHW, although regulations have been established and health care strategies have been generated for the migrant population, these are mostly not stable or known to all PHW. They are also not easy to implement in the various realities investigated. The absence of records on the number of migrants accessing the health system makes it difficult to design specific interventions. Additionally, health care has complications, and the PHW do not necessarily have tools that allow them to provide a care that is culturally sensitive to the needs of the migrant community. Conclusions The findings put into question the new challenges in health that Chile is facing in the face of the growing migrant population. The needs perceived by PHW are: stability and clarity in the regulations in force in relation to access and provision of services, training in regulations and the concrete way in which they should operate, and sensitization in cultural competence.

13.
Rev Chil Pediatr ; 88(6): 707-716, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29546918

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Children and young international migrants face different health challenges compa red with the local population, particularly if they live in insecure environments or adverse social conditions. This study seeks to identify gaps in health outcomes of children between immigrant and local population in Chile. METHODS: This study analyses data from three sources: (i) Born in Chile: Electronic records of antenatal visits from all municipal antenatal clinics of Recoleta in 2012; (ii) Growing up in Chile: Population survey "National Socioeconomic Characterization" (CASEN) from 2013 and (iii) Getting sick in Chile: Data of all hospital discharges in 2012, provided by the department of statistics and health information (DEIS) of the Ministry of Health. RESULTS: (I) Born in Chile: Im migrants more frequently have psychosocial risk (62.3% vs 50.1% in Chileans) and enter later into the program (63.1% vs 33.4% enter later than 14 weeks of pregnancy). All birth outcomes were better among immigrants (e.g. caesarean sections rates: 24.2% immigrants vs % Chileans). (ii) Growing up in Chile: A higher proportion of migrant children is outside the school system and lives in multidi mensional poverty (40% immigrants vs 23.2% Chileans). (iii) Getting sick in Chile: Injuries and other external causes were more frequent cause of hospitalisation among migrants (23.6%) than the local population (16.7%) aged between 7 and 14 years. CONCLUSIONS: Addressing the needs of the children in Chile, regardless of their immigration status, is an ethical, legal and moral imperative.


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Chile/epidemiologia , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia
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