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1.
Psychooncology ; 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435720

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Families of children with cancer undergoing treatment during COVID-19 pandemic represent a vulnerable population for psychological distress and early identification and remedial measures are imperative for wellbeing of both the children and the caregivers. This article reports the results of assessment of psychological distress in primary caregivers of children with cancer undergoing treatment at a tertiary care center. METHODS: Primary caregivers of children with cancer (≤15 years) taking treatment at our institute during the period of July 2020 to August 2020 were prospectively evaluated for psychological distress using Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) tools over a telephonic call. There were 2 cohorts, A and B (50 participants each) depending on whether child was diagnosed with COVID-19 or not respectively during the study period. RESULTS: The assessment tool, PHQ-9 showed a score of ≥10 in 13% (n = 13) participants (95%CI:7.1%-21.2%) in the entire cohort and in 16% (n = 8, 95%CI:5.8%-26.2%) and 10% (n = 5, 95%CI:1.7%-18.3%) participants in cohort A and cohort B respectively. GAD-7 showed a score of ≥8 in 18% (n = 18) participants (95%CI:11.0%-27.0%) in the entire cohort and in 20% (n = 10, 95%CI:8.9%-31.1%) and 16% (n = 8, 95%CI:5.8%-26.2%) participants in cohort A and cohort B respectively. All participants were assessed, and supportive psychotherapeutic interventions administered over telephonic call. CONCLUSIONS: Primary caregivers should be assessed and followed up for psychological distress irrespective of other co-existing factors. Robust support systems built over time could help withstand the exceptional strain of a major surge during a pandemic.

2.
Cancer Med ; 9(23): 8747-8753, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33128509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited data on outcomes in cancer patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from lower middle-income countries (LMICs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was an observational study, conducted between 12 April and 10 June 2020 at Tata Memorial centre, Mumbai, in cancer patients undergoing systemic therapy with laboratory confirmed COVID-19. The objectives were to evaluate cumulative 30-day all-cause mortality, COVID-19 attributable mortality, factors predicting mortality, and time to viral negativity after initial diagnosis. RESULTS: Of the 24 660 footfalls and 7043 patients evaluated, 230 patients on active systemic therapy with a median age of 42 (1-75) years were included. COVID-19 infection severity, as per WHO criteria, was mild, moderate, and severe in 195 (85%), 11 (5%), and 24 (11%) patients, respectively. Twenty-three patients (10%) expired during follow-up, with COVID-19 attributable mortality seen in 15 patients (6.5%). There were no mortalities in the pediatric cohort of 31 (14%) patients. Advanced stage cancer being treated with palliative intent vs others [30-day mortality 24%% vs 5%, odds ratio (OR) 5.6, 95% CI 2.28-13.78, P < .001], uncontrolled cancer status vs controlled cancer (30-day mortality37.5%% vs 4%%, OR 14, 95% CI 4.46-44.16, P < .001) and severe COVID-19 vs mild COVID-19 (30-day mortality 71% vs 3%, OR 92.29, 95% CI 26.43-322.21, P < .001) were significantly associated with mortality. The median time to SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR negativity was 17 days [interquartile range (IQR)17-28) in the cohort. CONCLUSIONS: The mortality rates in cancer patients with COVID-19 who are receiving systemic anti-cancer therapy in LMICSs are marginally higher than that reported in unselected COVID-19 cohorts with prolonged time to viral negativity in a substantial number of patients. The pediatric cancer patients tended to have favorable outcomes.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias/terapia , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
3.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(11): e28682, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Even though rituximab has emerged as standard of care for the management of high-risk pediatric Burkitt lymphoma (BL), its safety in children from the low-middle-income countries (LMICs) remains to be proven. We herein report our experience of using rituximab in children with BL. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with BL between January 2015 and December 2017 were treated in a risk-stratified manner with either the modified MCP-842 or modified LMB protocol. Patients with poor response to MCP-842 were switched to the LMB-salvage regimen. In addition, rituximab was given to selected high-risk patients. RESULT: Forty-two (49.4%) of 85 patients with BL received rituximab. The incidence of febrile neutropenia (90.5% vs 67.4%; P = 0.02), pneumonia (38.1% vs 11.6%; P = 0.005), intensive care unit admissions (54.5% vs 17.6%; P = 0.002), and toxic deaths (26.2% vs 9.3%; P = 0.04) was higher among BL patients who received rituximab. Pneumonia was fatal in 11 of 16 (69%) patients who received rituximab. On multivariate analysis, rituximab continued to be significantly associated with toxic deaths ( OR: 11.45 [95% CI: 1.87-70.07; P = 0.008]). The addition of rituximab to intensive chemotherapy resulted in an inferior one-year event-free survival (49.4% ± 8.1% vs 79.3% ± 6.5%; P = 0.025) and one-year overall survival (63.1% ± 8.5% vs 91.8% ± 4.5%; P = 0.007) with no improvement in one-year relapse-free survival (78.3% ± 7.3% vs 83.9% ± 6.0%; P = 0.817). CONCLUSION: Rituximab was associated with increased toxicities and toxic deaths in our patients. The potential immunomodulatory effect of rituximab and increased susceptibility to infections in patients from LMICs have to be carefully considered while choosing this drug in the treatment of BL in resource-constrained settings.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Linfoma de Burkitt/tratamento farmacológico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/etiologia , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
4.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 61(13): 3217-3225, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32729791

RESUMO

Indian studies on EBV in childhood classic Hodgkin Lymphoma (cHL) have mainly analyzed the epidemiology of EBV-positive [EBV(+)HL] or negative HL [EBV(-)HL], with limited data on outcomes. We studied a large cohort of children with intermediate and high-Risk cHL for tumor EBV status and its impact on outcomes retrospectively. Of evaluable 189 patients, 84.7% had EBV(+)HL. Positive status was significantly associated with age ≤ 10 years (p < .001), males (p = .015), non-Nodular Sclerosis (NS) histology (p = .004) and inversely with bulky-mediastinal disease (p < .001). At a median follow-up of 29-months (range1-75), 3-year Event-Free Survival (EFS) for EBV(+)HL and EBV(-)HL was 93.6%(95%CI:89.8%-97.5%), 81.1%(95%CI:67.2%-97.9%), (p = .048) and Overall Survival (OS) was 94.9%(95%CI:91.6%-98.4%), 84.6%(95%CI:71.5%-100%), (p = .075) respectively. Three-year EFS was better in males (HR-0.267,95%CI:0.078-0.916, p = .036) in EBV(+)HL and in patients with serum-albumin > 3g/dL (HR-0.117,95%CI:0.019-0.705, p = .019) in EBV(-)HL. EBV is associated with most of intermediate and high-risk childhood cHL, occurs in younger male patients with non-NS histology, with reduced incidence of bulky-mediastinal disease and favorable survival in childhood cHL.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Doença de Hodgkin , Criança , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/epidemiologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Doença de Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 42(4): e202-e206, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Outcomes of childhood hematolymphoid malignancies have improved several fold because of immunosuppressive chemotherapy and broad-spectrum antibiotics for managing febrile neutropenia. An apparent trade-off has been an increase in invasive fungal disease (IFD), affecting multiple organs. We report the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in 8 children with lymphoid cancers who developed intracranial (IC) fungal abscesses between 2010 and 2017. METHODS: Children below 15 years of age undergoing treatment for leukemia/lymphoma with clinicoradiologic and microbiologic evidence of IC fungal abscess were included. Demographic details, clinical profile, and management were retrospectively audited. Treatment was guided by European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer/Mycoses Study Group (EORTC/MSG) definitions for IFD with therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM)-directed azole dosing, and surgical intervention. RESULTS: Eight patients (4 B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 2 relapsed B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and 2 non-Hodgkin lymphoma) were eligible for analysis. Proven, probable, and possible IFDs were seen in 2 (25%), 4 (50%), and 2 (25%) patients, respectively. Proven IFDs were invasive mucormycosis with remaining having mold infections. Cerebrospinal fluid galactomannan was positive in all 4 patients in whom it was tested. TDM was possible in 5/8 (63%) patients. Antifungal therapy was given for a median period of 4.2 months with 5 (63%) patients having complete resolution. Three (37%) patients expired, of which 2 were attributable to IFDs. CONCLUSIONS: IC fungal abscesses in children can cause significant morbidity and mortality in children with hematolymphoid cancers. Evaluation of cerebrospinal fluid galactomannan may help in early diagnosis and therapy. Prolonged antifungal therapy steered by TDM can help achieve resolution in some cases.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/administração & dosagem , Infecções Fúngicas do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Mucormicose/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Antifúngicos/farmacocinética , Infecções Fúngicas do Sistema Nervoso Central/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma não Hodgkin/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Linfoma não Hodgkin/mortalidade , Masculino , Mananas/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Mucormicose/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos
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