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1.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 30(47): 474002, 2018 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30403192

RESUMO

Small cobalt clusters [Formula: see text] and their single chromium atom doped counterparts Co n-1Cr+ (n = 3-5) were studied mass spectrometrically by measuring the infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) spectra of the corresponding argon tagged complexes. The geometric and electronic structures of the [Formula: see text] and Co n-1Cr+ (n = 3-5) clusters as well as their Ar complexes were optimized by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The obtained lowest energy structures were confirmed by comparing the IRMPD spectra of [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] (n = 3-5, m = 3 and 4) with the corresponding calculated IR spectra. The calculations reveal that the doped Co n-1Cr+ clusters retain the geometric structures of the most stable [Formula: see text] clusters. However, the coupling of the local magnetic moments within the clusters is altered in a size-dependent way: the Cr atom is ferromagnetically coupled in Co2Cr+ and Co3Cr+, while it is antiferromagnetically coupled in Co4Cr+.

2.
Chemphyschem ; 19(12): 1424-1427, 2018 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29571224

RESUMO

The electronic structure of metal clusters is notoriously difficult to detect spectroscopically, due to rapid relaxation into the ground state following excitation. We have used IR multiple photon excitation to identify a low-lying electronic state in a tantalum carbide cluster. The electronic excitation is found at 458 cm-1 , and is confirmed by experiments on isotopically labeled clusters. Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations confirm the current assignment, but a second predicted electronic state was not observed.

3.
J Chem Phys ; 148(4): 044307, 2018 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29390852

RESUMO

A previous infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) action spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) study explored the structures of the [M,C,2H]+ products formed by dehydrogenation of methane by four, gas-phase 5d transition metal cations (M+ = Ta+, W+, Ir+, and Pt+). Complicating the analysis of these spectra for Ir and Pt was observation of an extra band in both spectra, not readily identified as a fundamental vibration. In an attempt to validate the assignment of these additional peaks, the present work examines the gas phase [M,C,2D]+ products of the same four metal ions formed by reaction with perdeuterated methane (CD4). As before, metal cations are formed in a laser ablation source and react with methane pulsed into a reaction channel downstream, and the resulting products are spectroscopically characterized through photofragmentation using the free-electron laser for intracavity experiments in the 350-1800 cm-1 range. Photofragmentation was monitored by the loss of D for [Ta,C,2D]+ and [W,C,2D]+ and of D2 in the case of [Pt,C,2D]+ and [Ir,C,2D]+. Comparison of the experimental spectra and DFT calculated spectra leads to structural assignments for all [M,C,2H/2D]+ systems that are consistent with previous identifications and allows a full description of the systematic spectroscopic shifts observed for deuterium labeling of these complexes, some of the smallest systems to be studied using IRMPD action spectroscopy. Further, full rotational contours are simulated for each vibrational band and explain several observations in the present spectra, such as doublet structures in several bands as well as the observed linewidths. The prominent extra bands in the [Pt,C,2D/2H]+ spectra appear to be most consistent with an overtone of the out-of-plane bending vibration of the metal carbene cation structure.

4.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 56(43): 13406-13410, 2017 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28869784

RESUMO

Methane represents the major constituent of natural gas. It is primarily used only as a source of energy by means of combustion, but could also serve as an abundant hydrocarbon feedstock for high quality chemicals. One of the major challenges in catalysis research nowadays is therefore the development of materials that selectively cleave one of the four C-H bonds of methane and thus make it amenable for further chemical conversion into valuable compounds. By employing infrared spectroscopy and first-principles calculations it is uncovered herein that the interaction of methane with small gold cluster cations leads to selective C-H bond dissociation and the formation of hydrido methyl complexes, H-Aux+ -CH3 . The distinctive selectivity offered by these gold clusters originates from a fine interplay between the closed-shell nature of the d states and relativistic effects in gold. Such fine balance in fundamental interactions could prove to be a tunable feature in the rational design of a catalyst.

5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(29): 19360-19368, 2017 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28707685

RESUMO

The structures of small cationic silver clusters Agn+ (n = 3-13) are investigated by comparing measured far-infrared multiple photon dissociation spectra of cluster-argon complexes with the calculated harmonic vibrational spectra of different low-energy structural isomers. A global structure search was carried out using the CALYPSO structure prediction method, after which isomers were locally optimized with the meta GGA functional TPSS. The obtained structures of the cationic silver clusters are mostly consistent with earlier ion mobility measurements and photodissociation spectroscopy studies for Agn+ (n = 3-11) and allowed excluding several structural isomers that were considered in those earlier studies, which illustrates the strength of combining multiple experimental techniques for conclusive structural identification. The growth pattern of the cationic silver clusters is discussed and differences with other cationic coinage metal clusters are highlighted.

6.
J Phys Chem A ; 120(43): 8599-8605, 2016 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27736071

RESUMO

Infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) spectra of Rh6Om+ (m = 4-10) are obtained in the 300-1000 cm-1 spectral range using the free electron laser for infrared experiments (FELIX) via dissociation of Rh6Om+ or Rh6Om+-Ar complexes. The spectra are compared with the calculated spectra of several stable geometries obtained by density functional theory (DFT) structural optimization. The spectrum for Rh6O4+ shows prominent bands at 620 and 690 cm-1 and is assigned to a capped-square pyramidal Rh atom geometry with three bridging O atoms and one O atom in a hollow site. Rh6O5+ displays bands at 460, 630, 690, and 860 cm-1 and has a prismatic Rh geometry with three bridging O atoms and two O atoms in a hollow site. Rh6O6+ shows three intense bands around 600-750 cm-1 and multiple weak bands in the range of 350-550 cm-1. This species has a prismatic Rh geometry with four bridging O atoms and two O atoms in a hollow site. Considering that Rh6Om+ (m ≤ 3) adopts tetragonal bipyramidal Rh6 structures, the change at m = 4 to capped bipyramidal and at m = 5 to prismatic geometries results in a reduction of the number of triangular hollow sites. Since NO preferentially binds on a triangular hollow site through the N atom, the geometry change lowers the possibility of NO dissociative adsorption.

7.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 7(13): 2381-7, 2016 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27266896

RESUMO

Cationic iron clusters, produced through laser ablation and subsequently complexed with a water molecule Fen(+)-H2O (n = 6-15) are mass-selectively investigated via infrared multiple photon dissociation (IR-MPD) spectroscopy in the 300-1700 cm(-1) spectral range. The experimental data are complemented by density functional theory calculations at the OPBE/TZP level for the Fe13(+)-H2O system. The observed spectra can be explained by a mixture of clusters where for a majority water is adsorbed molecularly but for a small but significant fraction also dissociation of water molecules occurs. The bands observed at frequencies 300-700 cm(-1) exhibit regular, size-dependent frequency shifts, showing that (a) dissociation takes places on all cluster sizes and (b) the interaction of water with the cluster surface is not influenced much by the particular cluster structure. The intensity evolution of the absorption bands suggests that dissociation is increasingly probable for larger cluster sizes.

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