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J Oral Implantol ; 39(3): 363-71, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21905884


Regeneration and preservation of bone after the extraction of a tooth are necessary for the placement of a dental implant. The goal is to regenerate alveolar bone with minimal postoperative pain. Medical grade calcium sulfate hemihydrate (MGCSH) can be used alone or in combination with other bone grafts; it improves graft handling characteristics and particle containment of particle-based bone grafts. In this case series, a 1:1 ratio mix of MGCSH and mineralized irradiated cancellous bone allograft (MICBA) was mixed with saline and grafted into an extraction socket in an effort to maintain alveolar height and width for future implant placement. MGCSH can be used in combination with other bone grafts and can improve handling characteristics and graft particle containment of particle-based bone grafts. In the cases described, we found that an MGCSH:MICBA graft can potentially be an effective bone graft composite. It has the ability to act as a space maintainer and as an osteoconductive trellis for bone cells, thereby promoting bone regeneration in the extraction socket. MGCSH, a cost-effective option, successfully improved MICBA handling characteristics, prevented soft tissue ingrowth, and assisted in the regeneration of bone.

Aumento do Rebordo Alveolar/métodos , Substitutos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Transplante Ósseo/métodos , Sulfato de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Levantamento do Assoalho do Seio Maxilar/métodos , Alvéolo Dental/cirurgia , Idoso , Perda do Osso Alveolar/cirurgia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Regeneração Óssea/fisiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Maxila/cirurgia , Membranas Artificiais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Politetrafluoretileno/química , Tecidos Suporte
Int J Biomater ; 2012: 279167, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23227052


Objective. To investigate whether porcine-derived bioresorbable pericardium membrane coverage enhances the osseointegration around implants placed in fresh extraction sockets. Study Design. Twenty-four commercially available endosseous implants were placed in the fresh extraction sockets of the mandibular first molar of mature beagles (n = 6). On one side, implants and osteotomy sites were covered with porcine-derived bioresorbable pericardium membranes, whereas on the other side, no membranes were used. After 6 weeks, samples were retrieved and were histologically processed for histomorphometric analysis. Results. The histological observation showed that bone loss and soft tissue migration in the coronal region of the implant were evident for the control group, whereas bone fill was evident up to the neck of the implant for the membrane-covered group. Bone-to-implant contact was significantly higher for the membrane-covered group compared to the control group, 75% and 45% (P < 0.02), respectively. Conclusion. The experimental membranes proved to regenerate bone around implants placed in fresh extraction sockets without soft tissue intrusion.

J Craniofac Surg ; 23(3): 638-44, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22565873


Microporous scaffolds designed to improve bony repair have had limited success; therefore, we sought to evaluate whether time-released porous scaffolds with or without recombinant bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2) could enhance stem cell osteoinduction. Custom-made 15/85 hydroxyapatite/ß-tricalcium phosphate scaffolds were left empty (E) or filled with rhBMP-2 (E+), calcium sulfate (CS), or CS and rhBMP-2 (CS+). All scaffolds were placed in media and weighed daily. Conditioned supernatant was analyzed for rhBMP-2 and then used to feed human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs). Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell ALP activity, OSTERIX expression, and bone nodule formation were determined. E scaffolds retained 97% (SD, 2%) of the initial weight, whereas CS scaffolds had a near-linear 30% (SD, 3%) decrease over 60 days. E+ scaffolds released 155 (SD, 5) ng of rhBMP-2 (77%) by day 2. In contrast, CS+ scaffolds released only 30 (SD, 2) ng (10%) by day 2, and the remaining rhBMP-2 was released over 20 days. Conditioned media from E+ scaffolds stimulated the highest ALP activity and OSTERIX expression in ACSs on day 2. However, after day 6, media from CS+ scaffolds stimulated the highest ALP activity and OSTERIX expression in ASCs. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells exposed to day 8 CS+-conditioned media produced significantly more bone nodules (10.1 [SD, 1.7] nodules per high-power field) than all other scaffolds. Interestingly, day 8 conditioned media from CS scaffolds simulated significantly more bone nodules than either E or E+ scaffold (P < 0.05 for both). Time-released hydroxyapatite/ß-tricalcium phosphate porosity provides sustained growth factor release, enhances ASC osteoinduction, and may result in better in vivo bone formation.

Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/farmacologia , Regeneração Óssea/fisiologia , Fosfatos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Durapatita/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Engenharia Tecidual/instrumentação , Tecidos Suporte , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/farmacologia , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Análise de Variância , Sulfato de Cálcio/farmacologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Diferenciação Celular , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Porosidade , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Fator de Transcrição Sp7 , Coloração e Rotulagem , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
J Periodontol ; 83(7): 847-55, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22166162


BACKGROUND: Many materials have been found to be effective in ridge preservation. The purpose of this study is to determine whether calcium sulfate (CS) is as effective as freeze-dried bone allograft (FDBA) in preserving postextraction ridge dimensions and to evaluate the amount of new bone formation and graft clearance through histologic analysis. METHODS: Thirty-one extraction sites were selected. Postextraction clinical measurements were made, and sites were divided randomly into the test group (CS) or the control group (FDBA). After graft placement, all individuals received the same postoperative treatment and instructions. Participants were recalled after 3 months, measurements were made, and sites were re-entered. Bone samples were harvested and analyzed with histologic methodology for new bone formation and remaining residual graft. RESULTS: Thirteen test and 15 control sites were evaluated. There was no significant change in vertical ridge height before or after surgery within the test and control groups (P = 0.57, P = 0.68, respectively). There was a significant decrease in bucco-lingual ridge width for both groups (P = 0.0003, P = 0.0075, respectively), but the difference between groups was not significant (P = 0.11). Histologic analysis revealed an average of 32% new bone formation with 2.5% graft remaining for the test group and 16.7% new bone formation with 21% graft remaining for the control. CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate that CS is as effective as FDBA in preserving postextraction ridge dimensions in non-molar extraction sites. There is greater clearance of CS with more new bone formation after ≈3 months compared with FDBA in these sites. This paper received the Maynard K. Hine Award for Excellence in Dental Research presented by the Indiana Section of the American Association for Dental Research and supported by Procter & Gamble.

Aumento do Rebordo Alveolar/métodos , Substitutos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Transplante Ósseo/métodos , Sulfato de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Alvéolo Dental/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Processo Alveolar/patologia , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre , Matriz Óssea/patologia , Cefalometria/métodos , Corantes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Liofilização , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Corantes de Rosanilina , Extração Dentária , Alvéolo Dental/patologia , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem