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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31363166

RESUMO

The influence of the donor (D) and recipient (R) pre-transplant Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) serostatus on transplant outcomes (overall survival, relapse-free survival, relapse incidence, non-relapse mortality, acute and chronic GVHD) in 12,931 patients with lymphomas or chronic malignancies undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) between 1997-2016 was analyzed. In multivariate analysis, the risk of development of chronic GVHD was increased for EBV R+/D+ (HR = 1.26; p = 0.003), R+/D- (HR = 1.21; p = 0.044), and R-/D + (HR = 1.21; p = 0.048) in comparison to R-/D- transplants. No significance was shown for other transplant outcomes; however, in univariate analysis, EBV-seropositive patients receiving grafts from EBV-seropositive donors (EBV R+/D+transplants) had inferior transplant outcomes in comparison to EBV-seronegative recipients of grafts from EBV-seronegative donors (EBV R-/D-): inferior overall survival (59.6% vs 65.9%), inferior relapse-free survival (51.1% vs 57.5%), increased incidence of chronic GVHD (49.5% vs 41.8%), and increased incidence of de novo chronic GVHD (30.5% vs 24.0%). In conclusion, an EBV-negative recipient with lymphoma or chronic malignancy can benefit from selection of an EBV-negative donor in context of chronic GVHD, while there are no preferences in donor EBV serostatus for EBV-seropositive recipient.

3.
Leukemia ; 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427719

RESUMO

Unmanipulated haploidentical allogeneic stem cell transplantation (Allo-SCT) has become an attractive alternative for patients lacking HLA-matched sibling or unrelated donors. However, data of outcome in ALL is still scarce. The outcomes of 1234 adult patients with ALL in first complete remission (CR1) who underwent Allo-SCT between 2007 and 2016 were analyzed. Comparison was done between haploidentical donor (Haplo) (136 patients), matched unrelated donor (MUD 10/10) (809 patients), and mismatched unrelated donor (MMUD 9/10) (289 patients). Univariate analysis showed similar outcomes in Haplo, MUD, and MMUD, including OS, LFS, RI, NRM, AGVHD, and CGVHD. In multivariate analysis, Haplo was not associated with worse outcomes compared to MUD 10/10 and MMUD 9/10. Indeed, compared to Haplo, the hazard ratio (HR) for LFS, OS, RI, NRM, AGVHD, and CGVHD were 1.1 (p = 0.7), 0.9 (p = 0.4), 1.35 (p = 0.2), 0.7 (p = 0.2), 1.1 (p = 0.8), and 0.8 (p = 0.2) for MUD, respectively, and 1.1 (p = 0.8), 1.0 (p = 1.0), 1.2 (p = 0.3), 0.8 (p = 0.4), 1.2 (p = 0.3), and 0.9 (p = 0.6) for MMUD, respectively. In conclusion, outcomes of adult patients with ALL in CR1 receiving Haplo Allo-SCT are comparable to MUD or MMUD transplants. Haplo should be considered as a clinically relevant option for patients lacking a matched sibling donor.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284069

RESUMO

This retrospective study by the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation analyzed the outcome of 2224 patients with myelofibrosis (MF) who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) between 2000 and 2014; 781 (35%) underwent myeloablative conditioning (MAC) and 1443 (65%) reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC). Median patient age was 52.9 years (range, 18 to 74 years) and 57.5 years (range, 21 to 76 years) in the MAC and RIC cohorts, respectively. Donor type was similar: matched sibling donors (MAC, 317 [41%]; RIC, 552 [38%]) and unrelated donors (MAC, 464 [59%]; RIC, 891 [62%]). Median time to both neutrophil and platelet (>20 × 109/L) engraftment did not differ between cohorts. Rates of grade II to IV acute GVHD were 28% (MAC) and 31% (RIC; P = NS). Cumulative chronic GVHD rates (limited/extensive) were 22%/27% (MAC) and 19%/31% (RIC; P = .10). Cumulative incidences of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) at 1, 3, and 5 years were 25.5%, 32.2%, and 34.6% (MAC) and 26.3%, 32.8%, and 34.4% (RIC), respectively. There was a trend toward a higher relapse rate with RIC regimens compared with MAC (P = .08); rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were 10.9%, 17.2%, and 20.1% (MAC) and 14%, 19.7%, and 23.2% (RIC), respectively. No significant difference in 5-year probabilities of overall survival (OS) was noted: MAC (53.0%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 49.1% to 56.9%) and RIC (51.0%; 95% CI, 48.3% to 53.7%); P = .78. Regarding the composite end point of GVHD-free/relapse-free survival (GRFS), the unadjusted Kaplan-Meier estimate of 5-year GRFS was 32.4% (95% CI, 29.0% to 36.1%) in the MAC group and 26.1% (95% CI, 23.9% to 28.2%) in the RIC group (P = .001). In the MAC cohort, multivariable analysis confirmed worse OS and NRM with older age (>50 years), using an unrelated donor and a Karnofsky Performance Status of 80 or less. For the RIC cohort, worse OS and NRM were associated with age 60 to 70 years compared with younger recipients, use of a mismatched donor, and poor performance status. In conclusion, although similar OS rates existed for both cohorts overall, this study suggests that MAC should still be used for younger individuals suitable for such an approach due to a trend toward less relapse and an overall suggested advantage of improved GRFS, albeit this should be examined in a more homogeneous cohort. RIC allo-SCT still offers significant survival advantage in the older, fitter MF allograft patient, and optimization to reduce significant relapse and NRM rates is required.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326611

RESUMO

Therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome (t-MDS) after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is a rare complication with no curative option. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) may be considered for eligible patients and has been understudied in t-MDS. We report 47 consecutive patients with t-MDS after an ASCT who underwent allo-HSCT with a median age of 58 years (range, 30 to 71 years) at transplantation and a median follow-up of 22 months (range, 0.7 to 107). The median overall survival (OS) was 6.9 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 0 to 19 months). OS rates were 45% (29% to 60%) and 30% (15% to 45%) at 1 and 3 years after transplantation, respectively. On univariate analysis, prior therapy for t-MDS before allo-HSCT (P = .02) and mismatched donors (P = .004) were associated with poor OS. Three-year nonrelapse mortality (NRM) and relapse rates were 44% (25% to 63%) and 41% (22% to 61%), respectively. Mismatched donors (P < .001) were associated with higher NRM and a high-risk MDS (P = .008) with a higher relapse risk. On multivariate analysis, HLA mismatch was associated with higher NRM (hazard ratio, 6.21; 95% CI, 1.63 to 23.62; P = .007). In conclusion, our results suggest that one third of the patients who develop t-MDS after an ASCT for lymphoma are cured after an allo-HSCT. The use of mismatched donors with standard graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis should be avoided in such an indication for allo-HSCT. It will be worthwhile to see if the implementation of cyclophosphamide post-transplantation will improve the outcome with mismatched donors.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150016

RESUMO

Survival of patients with secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML) is poor. Cord blood transplantation (UCBT) and non-T-cell-depleted stem cell transplantation from haploidentical donors (HAPLO) are both strategies that have shown encouraging results in patients who do not have an human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling or unrelated donor. We retrospectively analyzed outcomes of 409 adults with sAML receiving either UCBT (n = 163) or HAPLO (n = 246) in EBMT centers. Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or myeloproliferative disorder (MPD) was the antecedent diagnosis in 79% of UCBT and 85% of HAPLO recipients. In multivariate analysis, UCBT was associated with higher risk of grade II-IV acute GVHD (HR 1.9, p = 0.009) and lower GHVD-free-relapse-free-survival (GRFS) (HR 1.57, p = 0.007) compared to HAPLO. Chronic-GVHD, RI, NRM, LFS, and OS were not statistically different between the two. Early disease stage at transplant was independently associated with lower RI and NRM and higher OS and LFS. These results indicate that HAPLO is associated with better GRFS and lower aGvHD compared to UCBT in patients with sAML and that UCBT can be a valid alternative for sAML patients who lack a matched sibling, a proper haploidentical or an unrelated donor.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129355

RESUMO

Prognosis of patients with graft failure is dismal, and retransplantation is the sole option for long-term survival. To address the interest of haploidentical transplantation as a salvage option in this context, we analyzed data from 24 patients with graft failure or loss retransplanted with a haploidentical donor who received post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) as graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis (GVHD). Fludarabine-based reduced-intensity conditioning was used in 23 patients and the Baltimore regimen in 14 patients. The median delay between previous and salvage transplantation for graft failure was 63 days (range, 39 to 98). In addition to PTCy, all patients received cyclosporine, and 22 patients also received mycophenolate mofetil for GVHD prophylaxis. With a median follow-up of 353 days (range, 16 to 2010), 1-year overall survival (OS) was 56% (95% confidence interval, 38% to 81%). Transplant complications accounted for 80% of deaths. The cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment at day +30 was 79%. Cumulative incidence of grades II to IV acute GVHD at day 100 was 14%, and 1-year cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 31%. One-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 13%. Stem cell source did not impact on engraftment, GVHD, relapse, or OS. Salvage haploidentical transplant with PTCy for rescuing graft failure patients leads to an acceptable 1-year OS and might be a valid option in this poor situation.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31089280

RESUMO

Thirty patients, with high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML, n = 20) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS, n = 10), were enrolled in a phase II trial entailing prophylactic post-transplant azacitidine (AZA) plus escalated doses of donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI). The median number of AZA cycles was 5 (1-12) with 10 patients (33%) completing the 12 projected cycles. DLI were performed in 17 patients: 5 received one DLI, 2 received 2 DLI and 8 received 3 infusions. AZA was well tolerated, but discontinued in 20 patients primarily due to graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) and relapse. The cumulative incidence (CI) of grade 1-3 acute GvHD was 31.5% and the chronic GvHD CI was 53% at 2 years. At a median follow-up of 49 months (27-63), 18 patients are alive. The overall and disease-free survivals are 65.5% (CI 95% = 48.2-82.8) at 2 years. Cause of death was mainly relapse for 9 patients. The median time to relapse was 7 months (2.5-58) and the cumulative incidence of relapse at 2 years was 27.6% (CI 95% = 12.8-44.6). These results confirm that AZA is well tolerated as a prophylactic treatment to reduce the risk of post-transplantation relapse and compared favorably to those of patients who receive no post-transplant maintenance.

9.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(6): e204-e208, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30930192

RESUMO

We aimed to validate the MYelofibrosis SECondary to PV and ET prognostic model (MYSEC-PM) in 159 patients with myelofibrosis secondary to polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET) from the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry undergoing transplantation from matched siblings or unrelated donors. Furthermore, we aimed to test its prognostic performance in comparison with the Dynamic International Prognostic Scoring System (DIPSS). Score performance was analyzed using the concordance index (C): the probability that a patient who experienced an event had a higher risk score than a patient who did not (C > .5 suggesting predictive ability). Median follow-up of the total cohort was 41 months (range, 34 to 54), 45 months in post-PV and 38 months in post-ET myelofibrosis. Survival at 1, 2, and 4 years was 70% (95% CI, 63% to 77%), 61% (95% CI, 53% to 69%), and 52% (95% CI, 43% to 61%) for the total cohort; 70% (95% CI, 59% to 80%), 61% (95% CI, 49% to 73%), and 51% (95% CI, 38% to 64%) for post-PV; and 71% (95% CI, 61% to 81%), 61% (95% CI, 50% to 72%), and 54% (95% CI, 42% to 66%) for post-ET myelofibrosis (P = .78). Overall, the DIPSS was not significantly predictive of outcome (P = .28). With respect to the MYSEC-PM, overall survival at 4 years was 69% for the low-risk, 55% for the intermediate 1-risk, 47% for the intermediate 2-risk, and 22% (0% to 45%) for the high-risk groups. The prognostic model was predictive of survival overall (P = .05), whereas groups with intermediate 2 and high risk showed no significant difference (P = .44). Assessment of prognostic utility yielded a C-index of .575 (95% CI, .502 to .648) for the DIPSS, whereas assessment of the MYSEC-PM resulted in a C-statistics of .636 (95% CI, .563 to .708), indicating improvement in prediction of post-transplant survival using the new MYSEC-PM. In addition, transplantations from an unrelated donor in comparison with an HLA-identical sibling showed worse outcome (P = .04), and transplant recipients seropositive for cytomegalovirus in comparison with seronegative recipients (P = .01) showed worse survival. In conclusion, incorporating transplant-specific and clinical and mutational information together with the MYSEC-PM may enhance risk stratification.

10.
Ann Hematol ; 98(7): 1755-1763, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30993417

RESUMO

It has been shown recently that donor and/or recipient cytomegalovirus (CMV) seropositivity is associated with a significant overall survival (OS) decline in acute leukemia patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). We now analyzed the prognostic impact of the donor/recipient CMV serostatus in 6968 patients with chronic hematological malignancies who underwent allo-HSCT. Donor and/or recipient CMV seropositivity was associated with a significantly reduced 2-year progression-free survival (PFS, 50% vs. 52%, p = 0.03) and OS (62% vs. 65%, p = 0.01). Multivariate Cox regression analyses showed an independent negative prognostic impact of donor and/or recipient CMV seropositivity on PFS (HR, 1.1; 95% CI, 1.0-1.2; p = 0.03), OS (HR, 1.1; 95% CI, 1.0-1.2; p = 0.003), and non-relapse mortality (HR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.0-1.3; p = 0.02). OS decline was strongest for CMV-seropositive recipients with a CMV-seronegative donor (HR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.1-1.3), followed by CMV-seropositive patients with a CMV-seropositive donor (HR, 1.1; 95% CI, 1.0-1.2). Conversely, OS did not differ significantly between CMV-seronegative recipients allografted from a CMV-seropositive donor (HR, 1.0; 95% CI, 0.9-1.2) and patients with donor/recipient CMV seronegativity (p = 0.001 for the four groups together). Non-relapse mortality was also significantly (p = 0.01) higher for CMV-seropositive patients with a CMV-seronegative graft (HR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.1-1.4) than for CMV-seropositive patients with a CMV-seropositive graft (HR, 1.1; 95% CI, 0.9-1.2) or CMV-seronegative recipients with a CMV-seropositive graft (HR, 1.0; 95% CI, 0.8-1.2). Donor and/or recipient CMV seropositivity still results in an OS decline in patients with chronic hematological malignancies who have undergone allo-HSCT. However, this OS decline seems to be lower than that described for acute leukemia patients previously.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Citomegalovirus , Seleção do Doador , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Doadores de Tecidos , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doença Crônica , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/sangue , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/terapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Neoplasias Hematológicas/sangue , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(7): 1465-1471, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928627

RESUMO

Clofarabine-based reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens are well-established schedules for allograft in patients with myeloid malignancies. A retrospective study was conducted including all adults allografted in our department with such a regimen and disease with the aim to assess whether or not the donor type (matched sibling [MSD], matched unrelated [MUD], or haploidentical [haplo]) impacted outcomes. Between October 2009 and February 2018, 118 patients met the inclusion criteria. Thirty-six, 55, and 27 patients received a graft from an MSD, MUD, or haplo donor, respectively. Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) were the source of graft for all patients. The median age of the entire cohort was 62 years (range, 20 to 73), and the median follow-up was 31 months (range, 4.5 to 106). All patients engrafted except 1 haplo recipient. Neutrophils (>.5 × 109/L) and platelets (50 × 109/L) recoveries were significantly delayed in the haplo group (P = .0003 and P < .0001) compared with MSD and MUD. Acute grades II to IV or III to IV graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) incidences were similar between the 3 groups as well as the incidence of moderate or severe chronic GVHD. Also, similar 2-year overall survival (OS; 64.7% versus 73.9% versus 60.2%, P = .39), disease-free survival (DFS; 57.7% versus 70.9% versus and 53.6%, P = .1), and GVHD relapse-free survival (37.9% versus 54.3% versus 38.9%, P = .23) were observed between MSD versus MUD versus haplo groups. The same was true when considering only acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases. In multivariate analysis the type of donor remained independent of outcomes in this series, whereas myelodysplastic syndrome (versus AML), high disease risk index, and older donor (≥50 years) were associated with lower OS and DFS. These data suggest that haplo donors are an acceptable alternative for patients receiving a clofarabine-based RIC PBSC allograft for myeloid malignancies who lack an MSD or a MUD.

12.
Cytokine ; 120: 85-87, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31035172

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to assess the impact on outcomes of early soluble Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand concentrations (sFLc) in patients receiving an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS: This was a prospective monocentric study including all allo-HSCT patients included in the previous FLAM/FLAL study (Peterlin et al., 2019). Blood samples collected before the start of conditioning then post-transplant were frozen, stored and tested by ELISA. The parameters considered were hematopoietic recoveries, Leukemia Free Survival and Overall Survival, acute and chronic GVHD, grade 3 or 4 acute and/or extensive chronic GVHD-free and relapse-free survival (GRFS). RESULTS: Forty-one patients were included, a total of 179 samples were assayed for sFLc. There was no impact of sFLc levels (<=median vs> median) on acute and chronic GVHD incidences, LFS, OS nor GRFS. CONCLUSION: At variance with induction results for AML (Peterlin et al., 2019) endogenous sFLc do not appear to be a prognostic marker at the time of or after allo-HSCT. Even though the results are negatives, this is, to the best of our knowledge, the only prospective series specifically addressing the question of sFLc impact after allo-HSCT in acute leukemias.

14.
Ann Hematol ; 98(6): 1441-1447, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30874851

RESUMO

Pomalidomide dexamethasone is a standard of care for relapsed multiple myeloma (MM) patients who received at least two prior lines of therapy, including both lenalidomide and proteasome inhibitors (PI). We report here a real-life single-center series of 49 consecutive patients with relapsed and refractory MM treated with the triplet pomalidomide cyclophosphamide dexamethasone (PCD) combination. The median of prior lines of therapy was 3 and all patients were previously exposed to proteasome inhibitors and lenalidomide. The overall response rate was 76%, including 27% very good partial response or better. With a median follow-up of 16 months, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 7.3 months and the median overall survival was not reached. Regarding safety, most frequent toxicity was hematologic, including 37% grade 3-4 cytopenias. Nine patients (18%) discontinued therapy due to adverse event. Our study confirms that PCD combination is feasible and results in favorable response rate and PFS in comparison with pomalidomide dexamethasone alone.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia de Salvação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/efeitos adversos , Avaliação de Medicamentos , Substituição de Medicamentos , Feminino , Doenças Hematológicas/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Lenalidomida/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Inibidores de Proteases/uso terapêutico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Talidomida/administração & dosagem , Talidomida/efeitos adversos , Talidomida/análogos & derivados
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30770870

RESUMO

Several approaches have been developed to overcome historical barriers associated with poor outcomes in the setting of HLA-haploidentical allogeneic transplantation (HaploSCT). Here, we examine the outcome of patients with various hematological disorders undergoing HaploSCT with high-dose, post-transplantation cyclophosphamide. We performed a retrospective study on 381 patients from 30 centers between January 2013 and December 2015. At the last follow-up, a total of 1058 infectious episodes were diagnosed, affecting 90.3% of the cohort. Median time to first infection was 13 days for bacterial, 32 days for viral and 20 days for fungal infections. Around 41% of these infections were of bacterial origin and 35% of viral origin, among which 48.8% of patients presented CMV reactivation. Median of GVHD relapse-free survival, progression-free survival and overall survival were 7.1 months, 19.9 months and 33.5 months, respectively. HSCT procedure was the primary or contributing cause of death (55.6%), followed by relapse of the original disease (34.2%). Infections accounted for 45.7% of the HSCT-related deaths. The present multicenter data on a large cohort of patients receiving HaploSCT with PTCy confirmed the feasibility of the procedure with an acceptable incidence of infectious complications, not different as compared to other haploidentical platforms or HLA-matched transplantation.

16.
J Immunol ; 202(7): 2141-2152, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30787107

RESUMO

Little is known regarding the effect of KIR/HLA incompatibilities (inc.) in the setting of T-replete haploidentical allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation using posttransplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy). In this retrospective study, the impact of KIR/HLA inc. on clinical outcomes and NK cell reconstitution was studied in a cohort of 51 consecutive patients receiving a T cell-replete haploidentical allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation after a reduced-intensity conditioning using peripheral blood stem cells as the source of the graft and PTCy as graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) prophylaxis. The NK cell repertoire reconstitution was examined by multiparameter flow cytometry in 34 of these 51 patients from day 0 to day 100 posttransplant. Genetic KIR2DL/HLA inc. were found to be significantly associated with more GvHD (81.2 versus 45.7%, p = 0.01) and less relapse (6.2 versus 42.8%, p = 0.008) in this context. GvHD is associated with increased levels of differentiated and activated NK cells. A significant loss of KIR2DL2/3+ NK cells was observed at day 30 in patients with inhibitory KIR/HLA inc., suggesting that responsive KIR NK cells are particularly targeted by the immunosuppressive PTCy treatment. Further investigations are needed from a larger cohort with an identical clinical approach to consolidate these results and to identify the NK cell subsets that may be beneficial for the graft-versus-leukemia effect observed. Because many haploidentical donors can be identified in a family, the prediction of KIR NK cell alloreactivity could be of crucial importance for donor selection and patient outcome.

17.
Haematologica ; 104(9): 1782-1788, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30733269

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant remains the only curative treatment for myelofibrosis. Most post-transplantation events occur during the first two years and hence we aimed to analyze the outcome of 2-year disease-free survivors. A total of 1055 patients with myelofibrosis transplanted between 1995 and 2014 and registered in the registry of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation were included. Survival was compared to the matched general population to determine excess mortality and the risk factors that are associated. In the 2-year survivors, disease-free survival was 64% (60-68%) and overall survival was 74% (71-78%) at ten years; results were better in younger individuals and in women. Excess mortality was 14% (8-21%) in patients aged <45 years and 33% (13-53%) in patients aged ≥65 years. The main cause of death was relapse of the primary disease. Graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) before two years decreased the risk of relapse. Multivariable analysis of excess mortality showed that age, male sex recipient, secondary myelofibrosis and no GvHD disease prior to the 2-year landmark increased the risk of excess mortality. This is the largest study to date analyzing long-term outcome in patients with myelofibrosis undergoing transplant. Overall it shows a good survival in patients alive and in remission at two years. However, the occurrence of late complications, including late relapses, infectious complications and secondary malignancies, highlights the importance of screening and monitoring of long-term survivors.

19.
Haematologica ; 104(6): 1230-1236, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30655365

RESUMO

The use of antihuman T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin in the setting of transplantation from an HLA-matched related donor is still much debated. Acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease are the main causes of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with myelofibrosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of antihuman T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin in a large cohort of patients with myelofibrosis (n=287). The cumulative incidences of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease among patients who were or were not given antihuman T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin were 26% and 41%, respectively. The corresponding incidences of chronic graft-versus-host disease were 52% and 55%, respectively. Non-adjusted overall survival, disease-free survival and non-relapse mortality rates were 55% versus 53%, 49% versus 45%, and 32% versus 31%, respectively, among the patients who were or were not given antihuman T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin. An adjusted model confirmed that the risk of acute graft-versus-host disease was lower following antihuman T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin (hazard ratio, 0.54; P=0.010) while it did not decrease the risk of chronic graft-versus-host disease. The hazard ratios for overall survival and non-relapse mortality were 0.66 and 0.64, with P-values of 0.05 and 0.09, respectively. Antihuman T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin did not influence disease-free survival, graft-versus-host disease, relapse-free survival or relapse risk. In conclusion, in the setting of matched related transplantation in myelofibrosis patients, this study demonstrates that antihuman T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin decreases the risk of acute graft-versus-host disease without increasing the risk of relapse.

20.
Haematologica ; 104(5): 929-936, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30655377

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to develop and validate a clinical and transplant-specific prognostic score using data from a large cohort of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry. A Cox model was fitted to detect clinical and transplant-related variables prognostic of outcome. Then, cross-validation was performed to evaluate the validity and consistency of the model. Seven independent risk factors for survival were identified: age ≥50 years, matched unrelated donor, Karnofsky Performance Status <90%, very poor cytogenetics or monosomal karyotype, positive cytomegalovirus status of the recipient, blood blasts >1%, and platelet count ≤50 × 109/L prior to transplantation. Incorporating these factors into a four-level risk score yielded hazard ratios for death, with low-risk (score of 0-1) as reference, of 2.02 (95% CI: 1.41-2.90) for the intermediate-risk group (score of 2-3), 3.49 (95% CI: 2.45-4.97) for the high-risk group (score of 4-5), and 5.90 (95% CI: 4.01-8.67) for the very high-risk group (score of >5). The score was predictive of survival, relapse-free survival, relapse, and non-relapse mortality (P<0.001, respectively). Cross-validation yielded significant and reproducible improvement in prognostic ability with C-statistics being 0.609 (95% CI: 0.588-0.629) versus 0.555 for the Gruppo Italiano Trapianto di Midollo Osseo registry and 0.579 for the Center for Blood and Marrow Transplant Research registry. Prediction was even further augmented after applying a nomogram using age and platelets as continuous variables showing C-statistics of 0.628 (95% CI: 0.616-0.637). In conclusion, compared to existing prognostic systems, this proposed transplant-specific risk score offers improved performance with respect to post-transplant risk stratification in myelodysplastic syndromes.

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