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1.
Future Cardiol ; 15(5): 333-338, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496269

RESUMO

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an important cause of acute coronary syndrome particularly among young women. Although coronary angiogram (CAG) is the gold standard exam for the diagnosis, SCAD may be missed by CAG alone. Our case series illustrates the adjunctive role of cardiac computed tomography angiography (cCTA) to CAG in ascertaining the diagnosis of SCAD. Three young women were admitted with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. CAG showed no significant coronary artery stenosis. In two patients, cCTA performed after CAG revealed an intramural hematoma compressing the coronary lumen. In one patient, SCAD was initially misdiagnosed as Takotsubo cardiomyopathy and cCTA performed 1 month later allowed to make the correct diagnosis of SCAD assessing the spontaneous healing of the dissected vessel.

2.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 31(10): 278-281, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe aortic stenosis (AS) is often associated with ascending aorta dilation (AAD). AAD is amenable to surgical correction combined with aortic valve replacement. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) might represent a valid therapeutic option in these patients when AAD correction Is not indicated. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the impact of concomitant AAD on early and mid-term outcomes after TAVI for symptomatic severe AS. METHODS: This is a single-center observational study including patients undergoing transfemoral TAVI. All patients with previous surgery on the left ventricular outflow tract, aortic valve, or ascending aorta (except coronary artery bypass graft surgery) were excluded from the analysis. Patients undergoing TAVI for congenital aortic valve defects or subjects in whom a computed tomography (CT) scan was not available were excluded from the analysis. Ascending aortas were measured on CT scans using appropriate multiplanar reconstructions. Ascending aortas were qualified as dilated if the measurement was >40 mm. Study outcomes were death from any cause, significant paravalvular leaks (PVLs), and new permanent pacemaker (PPM) implant. RESULTS: The final population consisted of 680 subjects, 61% females, mean age 82 ± 7 years. One hundred subjects (15%) had AAD. No differences in terms of significant PVL or PPM implantation were found between subjects with or without AAD (P>.99 and P=.13, respectively). At a median follow-up of 498 ± 216 days, no significant difference in terms of mortality was found between subjects with or without AAD (P=.78). CONCLUSIONS: AAD does not appear to impact the mid-term outcomes in a cohort of subjects undergoing TAVI.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Evaluate safety and efficacy of polymer-free biolimus-eluting stents (PF-BESs) versus ultrathin stents in unprotected left main (ULM) or bifurcation. BACKGROUND: PF-BESs due to reduced length of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) are increasingly used. However, there are limited data about safety and efficacy for ULM or bifurcation. METHODS: We selected all-patients treated for ULM or bifurcation from two multicenter real life registries (RAIN [NCT03544294] evaluating ultrathin stents, CHANCE [NCT03622203] appraising PF-BES). After propensity score with matching, the primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE; a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization [TLR], and stent thrombosis [ST]), while its components along with target vessel revascularization (TVR) secondary endpoints. RESULTS: Three thousand and three patients treated with ultrathin stents and 446 with PF-BESs, resulting respectively in 562 and 281 after propensity score with matching (33 and 22%, respectively, with ULM disease). After 12 (8-20) months, rates of MACE were similar (9 vs. 8%, p = 0.56) without difference in TLR and ST (3.0 vs. 1.7%, p = .19 and 1.8 vs. 1.1%, p = .42). These results were consistent for ULM group (3 vs. 1.7% and 1.8 vs. 1.1%, p = .49 and .76), for non-ULM group (2.1 vs. 3.4%, p = .56 and 1.2 vs. 1.7%, p = .78) and for two-stent strategy (8.7 vs. 4.5% and 4.3 vs. 3.2%, p = .75 and .91). Among patients treated with 1 month of DAPT in both groups, those with ultrathin stents experienced higher rates of MACE related to all-cause death (22 vs. 12%, p = .04) with higher although not significant rates of ST (3 vs. 0%, p = .45). CONCLUSIONS: PF-BES implanted on ULM or BiF offered freedom from TLR and ST comparable to ultrathin stents. PF-BESs patients assuming DAPT for 1 month experienced a lower despite not significant incidence of ST.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal approach to guide percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has yet to be defined. The aim of this study was to compare functional driven (fractional flow reserve) versus intravascular imaging (intravascular ultrasound, IVUS, and/or optical coherence tomography, OCT) versus standard (coronary angiography only, CA)-guided PCI. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and propensity score weight-matched studies (PSWMs) comparing FFR versus IVUS versus OCT versus CA-guided PCI were included. Major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE; a composite end point of death or myocardial infarction [MI] or revascularization) was the primary endpoint, whereas definite stent thrombosis (ST) and single components of MACE were the secondary ones. Primary analyses were performed including only RCTs, secondary also with PSWMs. RESULTS: Thirty-three studies were included in the analysis, 16 RCTs and 17 PSWMs. After 2 (1-3) years, IVUS performed better for MACE than CA (odds ratio [OR] 0.75 0.52-0.88), whereas there was just a trend for FFR (OR 0.81, 0.64-1.02). These results were mainly driven by reduced risk of all cause death, MI (FFR OR 0.74:0.57-0.99 and IVUS OR 0.82:0.54-0.94) and revascularization. IVUS reduced ST while FFR did not, and at meta-regression analysis, there was a trend for superiority of IVUS versus FFR to reduce subsequent MI in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. The present results were consistent also after adding studies with PSWMs. CONCLUSIONS: Functional and intravascular imaging approaches seem to perform similarly in term of clinical outcomes, while both performed better compared with the standard approach. Imaging showed a potential benefit for ACS patients. The present results stress the need for a wider use of functional or imaging driven PCI.

6.
Clin Cardiol ; 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous mechanical circulatory support (MCS), such as the Impella heart pump is a valuable option for cardiogenic shock (CS), although the use of Impella in CS due to peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is limited. OBJECTIVE: To assess outcomes in women with PPCM supported with an Impella device from the global catheter-based ventricular assist device (cVAD) Registry. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 15 women with PPCM supported with Impella devices between November 2008 and October 2015 were included. Of the 15 women, five were treated at Hannover medical school and have been reported previously, the rest were managed at various US hospitals. The mean age was 30.0 ± 7.34 years, eight women were Caucasian, and seven were African-American. The occurrence of PPCM was post-delivery in eight (53.3%), at delivery in one (6.7%), and during gestation in four women (26.7%). At admission, all women had severe heart failure with a mean ejection fraction of 14.7 ± 6% and 13 women (86.7%) presented with CS. Prior to Impella, 100% were mechanically ventilated, 79% received inotropes/vasopressors, 20% supported with IABP, and 27% received veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) during Impella support. Two women (13.3%) died, and 13 (87.7%) survived to discharge. Eight women (53.3%) had a recovery of native heart function and six (40%) were bridged to durable left ventricular assist device (LVAD). CONCLUSION: MCS with Impella devices can be successfully used as a bridge to early improvement, heart recovery, or successful implantation of durable LVAD in women with PPCM complicated by severe LV dysfunction.

7.
Thromb Haemost ; 19(10): 1704-1711, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on geographical variations in dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) cessation and the impact on outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are limited. We sought to evaluate geographical patterns of DAPT cessation and associated outcomes in patients undergoing PCI in the United States versus Europe. METHODS: Analyzing data from the PARIS registry, we studied 3,660 U.S. patients (72.9%) and 1,358 European patients (27.1%) that underwent PCI with stent implantation. DAPT cessation was classified as physician-recommended discontinuation, interruption (< 14 days), or disruption due to bleeding or noncompliance. The primary endpoint was 2-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) defined as a composite of cardiac death, stent thrombosis, myocardial infarction, or target lesion revascularization. RESULTS: Cardiovascular risk factors were more common in the United States, whereas procedural complexity was greater in Europe. The incidence of 2-year DAPT discontinuation was significantly lower in U.S. versus European patients (30.7% vs. 65.6%; p < 0.001); however, rates of interruption (13.7% vs. 1.5%, p < 0.001) and disruption (17.7% vs. 5.1%, p < 0.001) were higher. DAPT discontinuation was associated with lower adjusted risk, whereas DAPT disruption was associated with greater risk for 2-year MACE, without interaction by region. After adjustment for baseline characteristics and DAPT cessation, 2-year MACE risk was not statistically different between regions (10.3% for Europe vs. 11.9% for U.S., adjusted hazard ratio 0.81, 95% confidence interval 0.65-1.01, p = 0.065). CONCLUSION: DAPT cessation patterns, along with clinical and angiographic risk, vary substantially between PCI patients in the U.S. versus Europe. Despite such differences, cardiovascular risk associated with DAPT cessation remains uniform.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of ticagrelor monotherapy following 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for bifurcation lesions. METHODS: GLOBAL LEADERS was a randomized, superiority, all-comers trial comparing 1-month DAPT with ticagrelor and aspirin followed by 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy (experimental treatment) with standard 12-month DAPT followed by 12-month aspirin monotherapy (reference treatment) in patients treated with a biolimus A9-eluting stent. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death or new Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI) at 2 years. RESULTS: Among the 15,845 patients included in this subgroup analysis, 2,498 patients (15.8%) underwent PCI for at least one bifurcation lesion. The incidence of the primary endpoint was similar between the bifurcation and nonbifurcation groups (4.7 vs. 4.0%, p = .083). The experimental treatment had no significant effect on the primary endpoint according to the presence/absence of a bifurcation lesion (bifurcation: hazard ratio [HR]: 0.74, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.51-1.07; nonbifurcation: HR: 0.90, 95% CI: 0.76-1.07, p for interaction = .343), but was associated with significant reduction in definite or probable stent thrombosis (p for interaction = .022) and significant excess of stroke (p for interaction = .018) when compared with the reference treatment. CONCLUSIONS: After PCI for bifurcation lesions using 1-month of DAPT followed by ticagrelor monotherapy for 23 months did not demonstrate explicit benefit regarding all-cause death or new Q-wave MI as in the overall trial.

9.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422925

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate nationwide trends and clinical outcomes of the Impella device for cardiogenic shock (CS) and high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention (HR-PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: The IMP-IT study was a multicenter observational national registry that enrolled all patients treated with Impella 2.5, Impella CP, Impella 5.0 and Impella RP, both for CS and HR-PCI indications, across 17 Italian centers from 2004 to June 2018. A total of 406 patients were included: 229 had CS (56.4%) and 177 underwent HR-PCI (43.6%). The use of Impella increased significantly during the study period (average annual percent change: 39.8%; 95% confidence interval: 30.4 to 49.9; p<0.0001) for both indications. The Impella 2.5 was the most commonly used device (N=242; 59.6%). Rates of in-hospital and 1-year all-cause death in patients with CS were 46.9% and 57.0%, respectively. 18.5% underwent left ventricular assist device or heart transplant at 1 year. Rates of in-hospital and 1-year all-cause death in patients who underwent HR-PCI were 5.7% and 15.6%, respectively. Rates of device-related complications were 37.1% and 10.7% in the setting of CS and HR-PCI, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Use of Impella for CS and HR-PCI is increasing substantially in Italy, despite relatively high rates of device-related complications.

10.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(7): e007734, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data examining the impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on ischemic risk after percutaneous coronary intervention in women are limited as most clinical trial participants are male. We evaluated (1) the impact of DM on ischemic outcomes in women undergoing drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation and (2) whether the outcomes of new- versus early-generation DES vary by DM status. METHODS AND RESULTS: We pooled patient-level data of 10 448 women undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with DES from 26 randomized trials. Baseline characteristics and 3-year clinical outcomes were stratified according to DM status (noninsulin-dependent and insulin-dependent) and DES generation. The primary end point was the composite of all-cause death or myocardial infarction. Secondary end points were definite or probable stent thrombosis and target lesion revascularization. Compared with women without DM (n=7154, 68.5%), adjusted risks (adjusted hazard ratios [95% CI]) for death or myocardial infarction among women with noninsulin-dependent DM (n=2241, 21.4%) and insulin-dependent DM (n=1053, 10.1%) were 1.30 (1.11-1.53) and 1.71 (1.41-2.07), respectively ( Ptrend<0.001). Similar trends were observed for def/prob stent thrombosis and target lesion revascularization. Compared with early-generation DES, use of newer-generation DES was associated with significant reductions in death or myocardial infarction in the absence of DM whereas differences were nonsignificant in the presence of DM, with similar findings for def/prob stent thrombosis and target lesion revascularization. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of DM is associated with substantial, graded, and durable risks for ischemic events among women undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with DES. The safety and efficacy profile of newer-generation DES is preserved among women without DM, while benefits are nonsignificant among women with DM.

11.
Can J Cardiol ; 35(7): 940.e5-940.e7, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292097

RESUMO

Intravascular lithotripsy (IVL) is emerging as a novel, effective, easy-to-perform, and safe therapy for plaque modification in calcified lesions. So far, data on its use and outcomes mostly derives from stable patients with moderate angiographic complexity. Here we report on a case in which IVL was performed in the context of a high-risk intervention involving calcified lesions of the left main bifurcation and proximal left anterior descending, which required mechanical support with a percutaneous left ventricular assist device. This guaranteed hemodynamic stability and optimal lesion preparation, which allowed achieving a good angiographic result and clinical outcome.

12.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 31(8): 229-234, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199348

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the impact of post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) fractional flow reserve (FFR) in a prospective study. METHODS: This was a single-center, prospective registry of patients undergoing PCI following a baseline FFR ≤0.80. Patients were divided according to the post-PCI FFR value (<0.90 vs ≥0.90). The primary endpoint was the proportion of cases in which further action was undertaken in light of a post-PCI FFR value <0.90. RESULTS: Of 65 PCIs, a total of 43 (66%) had a post-PCI FFR <0.90 and 22 (34%) had a post-PCI FFR ≥0.90. Baseline characteristics were similar between groups. Baseline FFR was similar between patients with post-PCI FFR <0.90 and ≥0.90 (0.72 ± 0.08 vs 0.69 ± 0.14; P=.40). Post-PCI FFR values were 0.82 ± 0.05 in post-PCI FFR <0.90 patients and 0.94 ± 0.02 in post-PCI FFR ≥0.90 patients (P<.001). The most common reason for a post-PCI <0.90 was residual small-vessel disease (42%). In 15 patients (35%) with a post-PCI FFR <0.90, an action was undertaken. An increase of 0.05 ± 0.07 in FFR value (P=.01) was noted after these maneuvers. However, a final FFR value ≥0.90 was achieved in only 3 patients (20%). The major adverse cardiac event (MACE) rate at 1-year follow-up was higher in patients with final FFR <0.90 (31.6% vs 9.1%; P=.047). CONCLUSIONS: A suboptimal physiologic outcome is observed in two-thirds of patients undergoing PCI. Despite further interventions, a satisfactory outcome is achieved in only a minority of cases. A post-PCI suboptimal physiologic outcome appears to be associated with a higher incidence of MACE at follow-up.

13.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(16): 1566-1576, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202946

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to investigate the impact of oral anticoagulation (OAC) type on clinical outcomes 1 year after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are superior to vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF), while their comparative performance among patients in need of OAC undergoing TAVR is underinvestigated. METHODS: The study enrolled 962 consecutive patients who underwent TAVR in 4 tertiary European centers and were discharged on either NOACs (n = 326) or VKAs (n = 636). By using propensity scores for inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW), the comparison of treatment groups was adjusted to correct for potential confounding. RESULTS: Mean age and Society of Thoracic Surgeons score of the population were 81.3 ± 6.3 years and 4.5% (interquartile range: 3.0% to 7.3%); 52.5% were women and a balloon-expandable valve was used in 62.7% of cases. The primary outcome of interest, combined incidence of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, and any cerebrovascular event at 1-year after TAVR, was 21.2% with NOACs versus 15.0% with VKAs (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.44; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00 to 2.07; p = 0.050, IPTW-adjusted). The 1-year incidence of any Bleeding Academic Research Consortium bleeds and all-cause mortality were comparable between the NOAC and VKA groups, 33.9% versus 34.1% (HR: 0.97; 95% CI: 0.74 to 1.26; p = 0.838, IPTW-adjusted) and 16.5% versus 12.2% (HR: 1.36; 95% CI: 0.90 to 2.06; p = 0.136, IPTW-adjusted), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic use of both NOACs and VKAs among patients in need of OAC after TAVR are comparable regarding 1-year bleeding risk. The higher ischemic event rate observed with NOACs needs to be evaluated in large randomized trials.

14.
Int J Cardiol ; 293: 84-90, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174920

RESUMO

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is establishing as the last remaining revascularization option in an increasing number of patients affected by complex coronary artery disease not suitable for surgery. Over the past decade, percutaneous left ventricular assist device (pLVAD) has increasingly replaced intra-aortic balloon pump to provide hemodynamic support during such non-emergent complex high-risk indicated procedures (CHIP) averting the risk of circulatory collapse and of adverse events in long lasting and/or complicated procedures. This review article aims to report the key factors to define CHIP, to summarize the available pLVAD which have CE mark for temporary mechanical LV support and to discuss the rationale of their use in this subset of patients. Based on the expertise of the Italian Society of Interventional Cardiology working group, with the endorsement from Spanish and Portuguese Society of Interventional Cardiology working groups, it will provide several practical suggestions in regards to the use of pLVAD in different clinical CHIP scenarios.

15.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(10): 983-992, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122354

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the association between dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) cessation and cardiovascular risk after percutaneous coronary intervention in relation to age. BACKGROUND: Examination of outcomes by age after percutaneous coronary intervention is relevant given the aging population. METHODS: Two-year clinical outcomes, incidence, and effect of DAPT cessation on outcomes were compared by ages ≤55, 56 to 74, and ≥75 years from the PARIS (Patterns of Non-Adherence to Antiplatelet Regimens in Stented Patients) registry. DAPT cessation included physician-recommended discontinuation, interruption for surgery, and disruption (from noncompliance or bleeding). Clinical endpoints were major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (a composite of cardiac death, definite or probable stent thrombosis, spontaneous myocardial infarction, or clinically indicated target lesion revascularization), a secondary restrictive definition of MACE (MACE2) excluding target lesion revascularization, and bleeding. RESULTS: A total of 1,192 patients (24%) were ≤55 years, 2,869 (57%) were 56 to 74 years, and 957 (19%) were ≥75 years of age. Patients ≥75 years of age had higher DAPT cessation rates and increased risk for MACE2, death, cardiac death, and bleeding compared with younger patients. Discontinuation and interruption were not associated with increased cardiovascular risk across age groups, whereas disruption was associated with increased risk for MACE and MACE2 in younger patients but not in patients ≥75 years of age (p for trend <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Nonadherence and outcomes vary by age, with patients ≥75 years having the highest DAPT cessation rates. We observed no association between outcomes and DAPT cessation in patients ≥75 years, whereas discontinuation was associated with lower MACE rates and disruption with increased MACE rates in patients <75 years.

16.
Int J Cardiol ; 290: 64-69, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30971372

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for complex lesions, including unprotected left main (ULM) and bifurcations, is gaining a relevant role in treating coronary artery disease with good outcomes, also thanks to new generation stents. The daily risk of adverse cardiovascular events and their temporal distribution after these procedures is not known. METHODS: All consecutive patients presenting with a critical lesion of ULM or bifurcation treated with very thin struts stents, enrolled in the RAIN-Cardiogroup VII study, were analyzed. The daily risk of major acute cardiovascular events (MACE), target lesion revascularization (TLR) and stent thrombosis (ST) and their temporal distribution in the first year of follow-up was the primary endpoint. Differences among subgroups (ULM, patient presentation, kind of stent polymer) were the secondary endpoint. RESULTS: 2745 patients were included, mean age 68 ±â€¯11 years, 33.3% diabetics, 54.5% had an acute coronary syndrome (ACS); 88.5% of treated lesions were bifurcations, 27.2% ULM. Average daily risk was 0.022% for MACE, 0.005% for TLR and 0.004% for ST, in the first year. Bimodal distribution of adverse events, especially TLR, with an early peak in the first 50 days and a late one after 150 days, was observed. Patients with ULM presented a significantly higher daily risk of events, and ACS patients presented higher MACE risk. No difference emerged according to the type of stent polymer. CONCLUSIONS: The daily risk of adverse events in the first year after complex PCI in our study is acceptably low. PCI on ULM carries a higher risk of complications.

17.
Int J Cardiol ; 290: 59-63, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31005417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with increased procedural challenges and high contrast load. We aimed to evaluate the association between complex PCI and contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). METHODS: This single-center retrospective study included all-comers undergoing PCI between January 2012 and December 2016. Complex PCI was defined as a procedure with ≥1 of the following characteristics: 3 vessels treated, ≥3 stents implanted, two-stent bifurcation intervention, total stent length >60 mm, PCI on a chronic total occlusion, saphenous vein graft, or left main, protected PCI, use of rotational/laser atherectomy. CIN was defined as an increase in post-PCI creatinine of ≥0.3 mg/dl or ≥50% from baseline. RESULTS: We included 2660 patients (n = 1128 complex PCI, n = 1532 non-complex PCI). Complex PCI patients tended to be older, and had higher cardiovascular comorbidity and Mehran CIN risk score. They also had a higher prevalence of type B2/C lesions and need for mechanical circulatory support, and received a higher mean contrast volume (284 ±â€¯137 vs. 189 ±â€¯90 ml, p < 0.001). CIN incidence was similar in complex vs. non-complex PCI patients (12.1% vs. 11.5%, p = 0.63), as was the need for in-hospital dialysis (0.5% vs. 0.2%, p = 0.25). Upon multivariable adjustment, age, female sex, diabetes, ejection fraction, periprocedural hypotension, presentation with acute coronary syndrome, and contrast volume were independently associated with CIN, while complex PCI was not. CONCLUSIONS: Complex PCI is not associated with an increased risk of CIN in all-comers. Further studies should confirm our findings and investigate novel effective strategies to decrease the risk of this serious complication.

19.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(4): e007133, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30998384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anemia is a well-recognized risk factor for both bleeding and ischemic events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We sought to determine the impact of baseline anemia on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) cessation patterns ≤2 years after PCI and the subsequent risk of clinical adverse events. METHODS AND RESULTS: PARIS (Patterns of Non-Adherence to Dual Anti-Platelet Regimen in Stented Patients) was a prospective multicenter observational registry of PCI-treated patients (n=5018). Anemia was defined as baseline Hb (hemoglobin) <12 g/dL for men and <11 g/dL for women. DAPT cessation modes included physician-recommended discontinuation, temporary interruption (≤14 days), and disruption due to bleeding or noncompliance. The primary end point was 2-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization. We identified 824 (18%) anemic and 4194 (82%) nonanemic patients. Anemic patients were older and had a higher rate of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and prior PCI. DAPT interruption and disruption were significantly more common in anemic patients throughout 2 years after PCI, whereas physician-recommended discontinuation occurred more often in anemic patients during the first year after PCI and in nonanemic patients during the second year. The 2-year adjusted risks of MACE and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium 3 or 5 bleeding events were significantly higher in anemic patients. Compared with uninterrupted DAPT, disruption, but not interruption and physician-recommended discontinuation, was associated with a higher risk of myocardial infarction in nonanemic patients and a higher risk of both myocardial infarction and MACE in anemic patients. There was no significant interaction between anemia and risk of clinical outcomes associated with each DAPT cessation mode. CONCLUSIONS: Baseline anemia was associated with a significantly higher adjusted risk of MACE and major bleeding. Physicians more frequently recommend DAPT discontinuation to anemic patients during the first year, and to nonanemic patients during the second year after PCI. DAPT disruption was associated with a higher risk of MACE outcomes.

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