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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36061038

RESUMO

Background: Digital adherence technologies hold promise to improve patient-centered tuberculosis (TB) monitoring, yet few studies have incorporated direct adherence monitoring or assessed patients' experiences with these technologies. We explored acceptability, feasibility, and refinement needs of the TB Treatment Support Tools (TB-TSTs) intervention linking a mobile app, a urine drug metabolite test, and interactive communication with a treatment supporter. Methods: This pilot study was a parallel-designed single-center randomized controlled trial with exit interviews. Newly diagnosed TB patients were randomized 1:1 using a treatment allocation button in the REDCap software preloaded with a random allocation sequence to usual care or usual care plus the TB-TSTs intervention from a respiratory medicine hospital in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina and followed for 6-months. Due to the nature of the intervention, blinding to the group allocation could not be achieved for the recruiter or patients. The treatment outcome data extractor was blinded to the group allocation of the participants. Intervention participants used the app to report self-administering medication, potential side effects, submit photos of the urine test, and interact with a treatment supporter. Outcomes were feasibility, acceptability, and treatment outcomes. Findings: Forty-two patients were enrolled and evenly assigned to each group. Intervention participants submitted 147·2±58 (mean, SD) medication self-administration and 144·5±55 side effect reports out of 180 and 47.5±38·4 photos of the urine test out of 77. Treatment success for usual care was 81% [17/21] and 95% [20/21] for the TB-TSTs intervention. Thirty-three themes were identified within the main categories of motivation, what worked, issues experienced, and recommendations. Participants (n=12) rated it as 'easy to use' (4.57/5), 'would highly recommend to others' (4·43/5) and reported that access to the treatment support was a critical component. Recommendations included adding an alarm, appointment reminders, and off-line functionality. Interpretation: Findings suggest that the TB-TSTs intervention was feasible and acceptable and further refinement and testing is warranted. Funding: National Institute of Health K23NR017210.

2.
JMIR Res Protoc ; 10(6): e28094, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34152281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is an urgent global health threat and the world's deadliest infectious disease despite being largely curable. A critical challenge is to ensure that patients adhere to the full course of treatment to prevent the continued spread of the disease and development of drug-resistant disease. Mobile health interventions hold promise to provide the required adherence support to improve TB treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the TB treatment support tools (TB-TSTs) intervention on treatment outcomes (success and default) and to assess patient and provider perceptions of the facilitators and barriers to TB-TSTs implementation. METHODS: The TB-TSTs study is an open-label, randomized controlled trial with 2 parallel groups in which 400 adult patients newly diagnosed with TB will be randomly assigned to receive usual care or usual care plus TB-TSTs. Participants will be recruited on a rolling basis from 4 clinical sites in Argentina. The intervention consists of a smartphone progressive web app, a treatment supporter (eg, TB nurse, physician, or social worker), and a direct adherence test strip engineered for home use. Intervention group participants will report treatment progress and interact with a treatment supporter using the app and metabolite urine test strip. The primary outcome will be treatment success. Secondary outcomes will include treatment default rates, self-reported adherence, technology use, and usability. We will assess patients' and providers' perceptions of barriers to implementation and synthesize lessons learned. We hypothesize that the TB-TSTs intervention will be more effective because it allows patients and TB supporters to monitor and address issues in real time and provide tailored support. We will share the results with stakeholders and policy makers. RESULTS: Enrollment began in November 2020, with a delayed start due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and complete enrollment is expected by approximately July 2022. Data collection and follow-up are expected to be completed 6 months after the last patient is enrolled. Results from the analyses based on the primary end points are expected to be submitted for publication within a year of data collection completion. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this randomized controlled trial will be the first study to evaluate a patient-centered remote treatment support strategy using a mobile tool and a home-based direct drug metabolite test. The results will provide robust scientific evidence on the effectiveness, implementation, and adoption of mobile health tools. The findings have broader implications not only for TB adherence but also more generally for chronic disease management and will improve our understanding of how to support patients facing challenging treatment regimens. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04221789; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04221789. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/28094.

3.
Int J Med Inform ; 149: 104421, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706032

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a largely curable disease, yet it remains one of the top ten causes of death globally. In response to known challenges to completing the long course of TB treatment, our study team developed the TB treatment support tools (TB-TSTs). The mobile application (app) is comprised of the following main components: 1) tracks treatment progress, 2) provides disease tailored information, 3) interactive communication between patients and treatment supporters, and 4) is linked with a direct adherence drug metabolite test. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the interactive communication between the patients and the treatment supporter during the TB-TSTs pilot testing to identify issues and guide intervention refinement. METHODS: We used mixed methods to analyze the interactive communication data. The study was conducted at a pulmonary disease specialized hospital in Argentina. Of the 42 study participants enrolled in the pilot study, 21 were randomly assigned to use the TB-TSTs for 6-months during their TB treatment. The treatment supporter was a registered nurse from the regional level of the National TB program. We conducted thematic and content analysis of the messages in their original language, Spanish. We assessed the themes over time and by whom initiated the messages. RESULTS: There were 2561 individual messages sent between the participants and treatment supporter. We identified 19 main themes: 7 were participant and 12 were treatment supporter initiated. Participant themes included missed report rationale, arranging in-person meeting, intervention support, TB treatment progress, disease/treatment questions, side effects and additional support. Treatment supporter themes included missed report inquiry, arranging in-person meeting, introduction and instructions, check-in's, positive reinforcement, treatment progress inquiry, test-strip issues, intervention orientation, initial side-effect check in, follow-up on side effects and photo quality issues. Messages and themes decreased over time with most occurring within the first 2 months of treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Although there was a decrease in the number of messages and the theme types over the 6-month study participation, treatment adherence support remained needed throughout. Potential solutions are suggested for the main issues and recommendations are being used to guide refinement.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Tuberculose , Argentina , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Tuberculose/tratamento farmacológico
4.
Int J Med Inform ; 136: 104057, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-adherence to tuberculosis (TB) treatment jeopardizes the individual's health and contributes to disease transmission and drug resistance. New patient-centered strategies are needed to improve TB treatment outcomes. PURPOSE: To convert and expand a texting-based intervention into a mobile optimized application (app), evaluate the feasibility of an added self-administered paper-based drug metabolite test, and identify needs and preferences to inform their iterative design. METHODS: Qualitative methods using focus groups and field testing with patients in active TB treatment were used to gather initial input on the converted intervention design, content and issues using at home test strips to report medication adherence. Seven participants were recruited from an outpatient clinic within a regional public reference hospital specialized in respiratory diseases in Argentina. Thematic analyses were conducted on the transcripts and session notes. RESULTS: Participants considered interactive communication, access to answers to frequently asked questions, and tracking of progress in treatment as important. Participants reported having many questions and uncertainties at initiation of treatment and emphasized a need for reliable information, assurance and support from both providers and peers. Other suggestions included streamlining the graphical user interface for easier and shorter data entry times and usability. CONCLUSIONS: Overall feedback from the participants regarding the intervention was positive, reporting that it was useful and relevant, and they were eager to contribute their ideas for improvement and additional functionality. Valuable feedback to improve functionality and meet the needs of end-users were obtained to inform the generation of new design ideas for refinement and testing in a pilot study.


Assuntos
Grupos Focais , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Aplicativos Móveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Envio de Mensagens de Texto/estatística & dados numéricos , Tuberculose/terapia , Adulto , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Argentina/epidemiologia , Retroalimentação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Aplicativos Móveis/normas , Tuberculose/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
PLoS Med ; 16(5): e1002826, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150392

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002788.].

6.
PLoS Med ; 16(4): e1002788, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31039158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) still represents a major public health problem in Latin America, with low success and high default rates. Poor adherence represents a major threat for TB control and promotes emergence of drug-resistant TB. Expanding social protection programs could have a substantial effect on the global burden of TB; however, there is little evidence to evaluate the outcomes of socioeconomic support interventions. This study evaluated the effect of a conditional cash transfer (CCT) policy on treatment success and default rates in a prospective cohort of socioeconomically disadvantaged patients. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Data were collected on adult patients with first diagnosis of pulmonary TB starting treatment in public healthcare facilities (HCFs) from 16 health departments with high TB burden in Buenos Aires who were followed until treatment completion or abandonment. The main exposure of interest was the registration to receive the CCT. Other covariates, such as sociodemographic and clinical variables and HCFs' characteristics usually associated with treatment adherence and outcomes, were also considered in the analysis. We used hierarchical models, propensity score (PS) matching, and inverse probability weighting (IPW) to estimate treatment effects, adjusting for individual and health system confounders. Of 941 patients with known CCT status, 377 registered for the program showed significantly higher success rates (82% versus 69%) and lower default rates (11% versus 20%). After controlling for individual and system characteristics and modality of treatment, odds ratio (OR) for success was 2.9 (95% CI 2, 4.3, P < 0.001) and default was 0.36 (95% CI 0.23, 0.57, P < 0.001). As this is an observational study evaluating an intervention not randomly assigned, there might be some unmeasured residual confounding. Although it is possible that a small number of patients was not registered into the program because they were deemed not eligible, the majority of patients fulfilled the requirements and were not registered because of different reasons. Since the information on the CCT was collected at the end of the study, we do not know the exact timing for when each patient was registered for the program. CONCLUSIONS: The CCT appears to be a valuable health policy intervention to improve TB treatment outcomes. Incorporating these interventions as established policies may have a considerable effect on the control of TB in similar high-burden areas.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Política de Saúde , Política Pública , Tuberculose/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antituberculosos/economia , Argentina/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/economia , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/normas , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Política de Saúde/economia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Política Pública/economia , Remuneração , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Resultado do Tratamento , Tuberculose/economia , Tuberculose/epidemiologia , Populações Vulneráveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Salud(i)ciencia (Impresa) ; 23(3): 219-227, oct.-nov. 2018. tab., graf.
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1015642

RESUMO

Regulatory Decree 170/91 of Law 10436 created a legal framework designed to ensure the socio-economic protection of patients suffering from TB. It consisted of the monthly payment of a minimum salary for employees in the local public administration. The evaluation criteria employed by the health team assessed who could be included in the protection law, their social situation and permanent residence of at least two years in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. The aim of our study was to analyze the differences in clinical and epidemiological data between patients included in the law and those not included, and whether the benefit was a factor in the outcome of the treatment. We describe a retrospective observational study that took place from January 1, 2004 to December 31, 2016. People receiving the benefit showed a good outcome in 93.1% of the total cases, 91.1% in confirmed lung cases, 83.7% in the TB-HIV association / AIDS and 81.5% in MDR-TB. In patients not receiving the benefit the success rates were 74.4%, 73.9%, 53.6% and 58.9%, respectively. The differences were statistically significant between both groups. The economic protection law was essential in motivating the patients and in following those cases of difficult management, thus improving treatment adherence. Overcoming TB means not only improving the use of current tools and interventions but also considering the possibility of extending or approving similar laws in Argentina.


Mediante la aprobación del Decreto Reglamentario 170/91 de la Ley 10436, se crea un régimen de amparo, destinado a asegurar la protección socioeconómica del paciente afectado de tuberculosis (TB). Consiste en el pago mensual de un salario básico de la administración pública provincial. El equipo de salud es el que evalúa quiénes se encuentran en condiciones de ser incluidos en la ley de amparo. Los criterios de evaluación contemplan la situación social y una residencia permanente, como mínimo de dos años en la Provincia de Buenos Aires. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es analizar las diferencias de los datos clínicos y epidemiológicos entre pacientes con y sin inclusión en el régimen de amparo y si el subsidio fue factor de éxito en el tratamiento. Este es un estudio observacional retrospectivo, realizado entre el 1º de enero de 2004 al 31 de diciembre de 2016. Las personas con subsidio mostraron éxito en 93.1% en el total de los casos, 91.1% en los casos pulmonares confirmados, 83.7% en la asociación TB-VIH/SIDA y 81.5% en tuberculosis multirresistente (MDR-TB). Sin subsidio el éxito fue 74.4%, 73.9%, 53.6% y 58.9% respectivamente. Las diferencias fueron estadísticamente significativas entre ambos grupos. El régimen de amparo económico, fue primordial para motivar y retener los casos de difícil manejo, mejorando la adhesión al tratamiento. Poner fin a la TB, consistirá, en mejorar el uso de las herramientas e intervenciones actuales y considerar la posibilidad de extender o aprobar leyes similares en el ámbito de nuestro país.


Assuntos
Humanos , Tuberculose , Tuberculose/economia , Tuberculose/terapia , Financiamento Governamental , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29857363

RESUMO

A mobile application to support individuals receiving treatment for active tuberculosis (TB) by self-administration is being developed with TB experts and patients in active TB treatment using agile development methods to meet the needs of endusers.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Smartphone , Tuberculose/terapia , Humanos , Autoadministração
9.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 75(3): 147-54, 2015.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26117604

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to describe the trends in tuberculosis (TB) in the Fifth Health Region (RSV) in the Buenos Aires Province. A trend study allowed the evaluation of the average variation of change in the incidence rate (IR) using simple linear regression expressed as a mean annual variation (VAP). The number of reported TB cases and IR per 100 000 population of all TB cases, pulmonary TB (PTB) and bacteriologically confirmed PTB from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2011, were analyzed by age groups: 0-14; 15-29 and over 64 years of age. The decline in IR was less than 5% for all forms of TB and lower for bacteriologically confirmed PTB cases. The highest rate of PTB and IR was concentrated in the age group of 15-29 years with stable or slightly increasing trend of IR in bacteriologically confirmed PTB. There were similar trends for bacteriologically confirmed PTB in children. The fastest decline in PTB IR occurred in 0-14 age group, while for cases over 64 years of age the decline was sustained over time. TB continues to be a health risk in RSV, with cases in younger age groups. Therefore, it remains necessary to strengthen TB control activities in this region.


Assuntos
Notificação de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Tuberculose/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Argentina/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Geografia Médica , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
10.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 75(3): 147-154, June 2015. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-757095

RESUMO

El objetivo del presente trabajo fue analizar la situación epidemiológica de la tuberculosis (TB) en la Región Sanitaria V (RSV), provincia de Buenos Aires. El estudio de tendencia permitió conocer un valor promedio de las variaciones de la tasa de incidencia (TI), calculadas por regresión lineal simple y expresadas como variación anual promedio (VAP). Se analizaron el número de casos notificados y TI por 100 000 habitantes de todas las formas de TB, los casos de TB pulmonar (TBP) y TBP confirmados por bacteriología, total casos por grupos de edad: 0 - 14; 15 - 29 y mayores de 64 años, entre el 1° de enero de 2000 al 31 de diciembre de 2011. La declinación de la TI fue menor al 5% para todas las formas de TB e inferior en las TBP confirmadas bacteriológicamente. Los casos de TBP y TI más elevadas, se concentraron en el grupo de 15 a 29 años, con tendencia estable o ligeramente ascendente de la TI en la TBP bacilífera. El mismo comportamiento presentaron los casos de TBP infantil con confirmación bacteriológica. La mayor velocidad de descenso en la TI de la TBP se produjo en este grupo de edad, mientras que en mayores de 64 años, el descenso fue sostenido en el tiempo. La TB persiste como un riesgo de salud en la RSV, con casos en edades jóvenes, por lo que sigue siendo necesario fortalecer el control de la TB en esta región.


The aim of this study was to describe the trends in tuberculosis (TB) in the Fifth Health Region (RSV) in the Buenos Aires Province. A trend study allowed the evaluation of the average variation of change in the incidence rate (IR) using simple linear regression expressed as a mean annual variation (VAP). The number of reported TB cases and IR per 100 000 population of all TB cases, pulmonary TB (PTB) and bacteriologically confirmed PTB from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2011, were analyzed by age groups: 0-14; 15-29 and over 64 years of age. The decline in IR was less than 5% for all forms of TB and lower for bacteriologically confirmed PTB cases. The highest rate of PTB and IR was concentrated in the age group of 15-29 years with stable or slightly increasing trend of IR in bacteriologically confirmed PTB. There were similar trends for bacteriologically confirmed PTB in children. The fastest decline in PTB IR occurred in 0-14 age group, while for cases over 64 years of age the decline was sustained over time. TB continues to be a health risk in RSV, with cases in younger age groups. Therefore, it remains necessary to strengthen TB control activities in this region.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Notificação de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Tuberculose/epidemiologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , Geografia Médica , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais
11.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 75(3): 147-154, jun. 2015. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-133950

RESUMO

El objetivo del presente trabajo fue analizar la situación epidemiológica de la tuberculosis (TB) en la Región Sanitaria V (RSV), provincia de Buenos Aires. El estudio de tendencia permitió conocer un valor promedio de las variaciones de la tasa de incidencia (TI), calculadas por regresión lineal simple y expresadas como variación anual promedio (VAP). Se analizaron el número de casos notificados y TI por 100 000 habitantes de todas las formas de TB, los casos de TB pulmonar (TBP) y TBP confirmados por bacteriología, total casos por grupos de edad: 0 - 14; 15 - 29 y mayores de 64 años, entre el 1° de enero de 2000 al 31 de diciembre de 2011. La declinación de la TI fue menor al 5% para todas las formas de TB e inferior en las TBP confirmadas bacteriológicamente. Los casos de TBP y TI más elevadas, se concentraron en el grupo de 15 a 29 años, con tendencia estable o ligeramente ascendente de la TI en la TBP bacilífera. El mismo comportamiento presentaron los casos de TBP infantil con confirmación bacteriológica. La mayor velocidad de descenso en la TI de la TBP se produjo en este grupo de edad, mientras que en mayores de 64 años, el descenso fue sostenido en el tiempo. La TB persiste como un riesgo de salud en la RSV, con casos en edades jóvenes, por lo que sigue siendo necesario fortalecer el control de la TB en esta región.(AU)


The aim of this study was to describe the trends in tuberculosis (TB) in the Fifth Health Region (RSV) in the Buenos Aires Province. A trend study allowed the evaluation of the average variation of change in the incidence rate (IR) using simple linear regression expressed as a mean annual variation (VAP). The number of reported TB cases and IR per 100 000 population of all TB cases, pulmonary TB (PTB) and bacteriologically confirmed PTB from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2011, were analyzed by age groups: 0-14; 15-29 and over 64 years of age. The decline in IR was less than 5% for all forms of TB and lower for bacteriologically confirmed PTB cases. The highest rate of PTB and IR was concentrated in the age group of 15-29 years with stable or slightly increasing trend of IR in bacteriologically confirmed PTB. There were similar trends for bacteriologically confirmed PTB in children. The fastest decline in PTB IR occurred in 0-14 age group, while for cases over 64 years of age the decline was sustained over time. TB continues to be a health risk in RSV, with cases in younger age groups. Therefore, it remains necessary to strengthen TB control activities in this region.(AU)

12.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 3(1): e21, 2015 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25802968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global public health problem and mobile health (mHealth) interventions have been identified as a modality to improve TB outcomes. TextTB, an interactive text-based intervention to promote adherence with TB medication, was pilot-tested in Argentina with results supporting the implementation of trials at a larger scale. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to understand issues encountered during pilot-testing in order to inform future implementation in a larger-scale trial. METHODS: A descriptive, observational qualitative design guided by a sociotechnical framework was used. The setting was a clinic within a public pulmonary-specialized hospital in Argentina. Data were collected through workflow observation over 115 days, text messages (n=2286), review of the study log, and stakeholder input. Emerging issues were categorized as organizational, human, technical, or sociotechnical considerations. RESULTS: Issues related to the intervention included workflow issues (eg, human, training, security), technical challenges (eg, data errors, platform shortcomings), and message delivery issues (eg, unintentional sending of multiple messages, auto-confirmation problems). System/contextual issues included variable mobile network coverage, electrical and Internet outages, and medication shortages. CONCLUSIONS: Intervention challenges were largely manageable during pilot-testing, but need to be addressed systematically before proceeding with a larger-scale trial. Potential solutions are outlined. Findings may help others considering implementing an mHealth intervention to anticipate and mitigate certain challenges. Although some of the issues may be context dependent, other issues such as electrical/Internet outages and limited resources are not unique issues to our setting. Release of new software versions did not result in solutions for certain issues, as specific features used were removed. Therefore, other software options will need to be considered before expanding into a larger-scale endeavor. Improved automation of some features will be necessary, however, a goal will be to retain the intervention capability to be interactive, user friendly, and patient focused. Continued collaboration with stakeholders will be required to conduct further research and to understand how such an mHealth intervention can be effectively integrated into larger health systems.

13.
J Mob Technol Med ; 3(2): 16-27, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26246859

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mobile Health (mHealth) based interventions have been increasingly used to improve a broad range of health outcomes. However, few researchers have reported on the process or the application of theory to guide the development of mHealth based interventions, or specifically for tuberculosis (TB) treatment management. AIMS: To describe the steps, process, and considerations in developing a text messaging-based intervention to promote treatment adherence and provide support to patients with active TB. METHODS: Traditional qualitative techniques, including semi-structured interviews, field notes, content analysis, iterative coding, and thematic analysis, were used to design and document the intervention development with a multidisciplinary team of researchers, clinicians, administrators, and patients who were in active TB treatment. The Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model was used to guide the coding scheme for content analysis of patient-directed TB educational material and intervention development. RESULTS: The development steps included: a) establishing intervention components, including justifications, considerations, timing and frequency of components; b) developing educational messages, including cultural adaption, text or short message service (SMS) formatting, and prioritizing message delivery order; and c) determining implementation protocol. A set of 16 IMB-based messages were developed for the educational component. Final intervention development was achieved in 3 months. CONCLUSION: A collaborative approach and application of a theory to guide the intervention design and development is supported. Although a collaborative approach was more time consuming, it resulted in a more responsive, culturally appropriate, and comprehensive intervention. Considerations for developing a text messaging based intervention are provided and may serve as a guide for similar interventions. Further empirical evidence is needed for applying the IMB model for adherence-promotion in TB efforts.

14.
Tuberc Res Treat ; 2013: 349394, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24455238

RESUMO

Objective. To assess a text messaging intervention to promote tuberculosis (TB) treatment adherence. Methods. A mixed-methods pilot study was conducted within a public pulmonary-specialized hospital in Argentina. Patients newly diagnosed with TB who were 18 or older, and had mobile phone access were recruited and randomized to usual care plus either medication calendar (n = 19) or text messaging intervention (n = 18) for the first two months of treatment. Primary outcomes were feasibility and acceptability; secondary outcomes explored initial efficacy. Results. Feasibility was evidenced by high access to mobile phones, familiarity with texting, most phones limited to basic features, a low rate of participant refusal, and many describing suboptimal TB understanding. Acceptability was evidenced by participants indicating feeling cared for, supported, responsible for their treatment, and many self-reporting adherence without a reminder. Participants in the texting group self-reported adherence on average 77% of the days whereas only 53% in calendar group returned diaries. Exploring initial efficacy, microscopy testing was low and treatment outcomes were similar in both groups. Conclusion. The texting intervention was well accepted and feasible with greater reporting of adherence using text messaging than the diary. Further evaluation of the texting intervention is warranted.

15.
Cell Cycle ; 9(11): 2130-40, 2010 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20505329

RESUMO

The HIV-induced demise of CD4-T cells is thought to be a result of the execution of genetically programmed cell death that occurs in lymphoid tissue, where many resident T cells are chronically hyperactivated. Since HIV-induced alterations of cell cycle control has been often indicated as prominent mechanism of immune hyper activation and cause of apoptotic death, the signal pathway involved in cell cycle dysregulation of T lymphocytes from HIV infected patients was extensively studied. Here, we also demonstrate that circulating T lymphocytes leave lymphoid tissues with diffused regressive lesions (vacuolization, blebbing, nuclear evanescence and organelle swelling). Equally diffused are biochemical anomalies that accompany the overall disarrangement of cell structure, particularly the fragmentation and diffusion into the cytoplasm of C23/nucleolin, the intracellular accumulation of short lived regulatory proteins and the decrease in expression of membrane proteins. All this is something more than a cell cycle-related remodelling of cell morphology and biochemical mechanisms, and rather recalls a necrotic/oncotic cell damage. Since these changes are associated with adaptive mechanisms to hypoxia, we give evidence for alteration of cell cycle control developing in conditions of scarce energy supply.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Infecções por HIV/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/ultraestrutura , Apoptose , Ciclo Celular , Ciclina B1/metabolismo , Ciclina D/metabolismo , HIV , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , Humanos , Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/análise , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/análise , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação , Nucleolina
17.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 67(2): 131-5, 2007.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17593596

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to analyze the epidemiologic impact produced by Direct Observed Treatment Strategy (DOTS) application regarding to its success in the 51h Sanitary Region during the year 2 003. The cure was evaluated by a cohort study comparing two groups. Group 1: Districts in which DOTS were applied in 65% or more TB patients; group 2: Districts applying DOTS in 64% or less, or without its implementation. The global mortality was analyzed on HIV (-) as well as on HIV (+) patients in both groups. In Municipalities where DOTS strategy was applied in >65% of notified cases, the treatment success was 85.7%; the cure rate of bacteriological confirmed pulmonary disease was 86.2% and non-adherence was proved in 8.8% of cases. When DOTS was applied in equal or less than 64% of the cases, the global cure reached 67.6%; in confirmed pulmonary disease it was 68.1%, and non-adherence was proved in 21.8% of cases. Global mortality due to TB was 5.2%; 22.3% in HIV (+) and 4.1% in HIV (-). While In group 1, the cure rate of co-infected TB/HIV patients was 55.2%, non-adherence was 6.9%, in group 2 these figures were 46.4% and 19.7% respectively. Mortality rate in HIV (+) patients was 31.0% in group 1, and 16.1% in group 2. These results show that DOTS application proved to be an efficient tool to cure most of the patients, reaching the proposed goal of 85%, therefore reducing the risk of illness in the community.


Assuntos
Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/tratamento farmacológico , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Terapia Diretamente Observada/normas , Infecções por HIV/microbiologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/microbiologia , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/mortalidade , Argentina/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Recusa em Tratar , Resultado do Tratamento , Tuberculose Pulmonar/mortalidade , Tuberculose Pulmonar/prevenção & controle
18.
Biogerontology ; 8(2): 111-9, 2007 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16967206

RESUMO

Homocysteine (Hcy) appears to exert different effects on immune functions possibly contributing to age-related pathological states, including vascular diseases, immune dysfunction, and Alzheimer's disease. However, molecular mechanisms underlying Hcy toxicity need to be better characterized. Since T cells are a suitable model to address the possible role of replicative senescence during the in vivo aging, we investigated the effects of high Hcy concentrations on mitogen-activated lymphocytes, with regard to evaluation of DNA damage and cell cycle alterations. Cultured human peripheral blood lymphocytes were stimulated with mitogenic concanavalin A (5 microg/ml) for 48 h in the presence or absence of Hcy (1 mM). Both flow cytometric analysis and caspase-3 activity assay showed an increased rate of apoptosis in Hcy-treated lymphocyte cultures compared to controls. Further, Hcy exposure caused DNA fragmentation as evaluated by single cell gel electrophoresis showing the occurrence of comets. Cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay, performed after addition of cytochalasin B (5 microg/ml) and incubation up to 72 h, revealed a significantly higher frequency of micronucleated/binucleated cells in Hcy-treated cultures compared to controls (P < 0.001). Hcy also reduced cyclin B expression in comparison to control cultures, while cyclin D levels were not significantly affected. Cell cycle alterations, such as the inability of cells to enter into mitosis, could be related with DNA damage. These findings provided a link between perturbation of lymphocyte proliferation homeostasis and commitment towards apoptosis. Our results suggest the involvement of Hcy in the altered immune function associated with age and disease pathology.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/imunologia , Proliferação de Células , Senescência Celular/imunologia , Dano ao DNA/imunologia , Homocisteína/metabolismo , Ativação Linfocitária , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Envelhecimento/patologia , Apoptose/imunologia , Ciclo Celular/imunologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Senescência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaio Cometa , Concanavalina A/farmacologia , Fragmentação do DNA , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Homocisteína/farmacologia , Humanos , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Micronúcleos com Defeito Cromossômico , Testes para Micronúcleos , Mitógenos/farmacologia , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/patologia
19.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 67(2): 131-135, 2007. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-480610

RESUMO

El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar el impacto epidemiológico producido por la aplicación de la estrategia del tratamiento para tuberculosis (TB) de corta duración y directamente observado (DOTS), y su correlación con el éxito en la Región Sanitaria V, durante el año 2003. Se evaluó la curación comparando dos grupos de estudio. Grupo 1: municipios con 65% o más de los casos con DOTS, y Grupo 2: con 64% o menos de los pacientes bajo esta estrategia o sin su aplicación. Se analizó la letalidad global y de pacientes HIV (+) en ambos grupos. En el grupo 1 el éxito del tratamiento fue 85.7%, con curación en las formas pulmonares confirmadas de 86.2% y abandono de 8.8%. En el grupo 2 la curación alcanzó el 67.6%, en pulmonares confirmados 68.1% y el abandono de 21.8%. La letalidad global fue 5.2%, en pacientes HIV (+) 22.3% y en los HIV (-) 4.1%. La curación en TB/HIV en el grupo 1 fue 55.2%, con abandono de 6.9%; en el grupo 2 curó el 46.4% y abandonó el 19.7%. El 31.0% de pacientes HIV (+) fallecieron en el grupo 1 y 16.1% en el grupo 2. La implementación del DOTS, permitió alcanzar la meta de curar el 85% de los casos, probando ser una herramienta eficaz, capaz de garantizar la curación de la mayoría de los pacientes y reducir el riesgo de enfermar de la comunidad.


The aim of this study was to analyze the epidemiologic impact produced by Direct Observed Treatment Strategy (DOTS) application regarding to its success in the 5th Sanitary Region during the year 2 003. The cure was evaluated by a cohort study comparing two groups. Group 1: Districts in which DOTS were applied in 65% or more TB patients; group 2: Districts applying DOTS in 64% or less, or without its implementation. The global mortality was analyzed on HIV (-) as well as on HIV (+) patients in both groups. In Municipalities where DOTS strategy was applied in >65% of notified cases, the treatment success was 85.7%; the cure rate of bacteriological confirmed pulmonary disease was 86.2% and non-adherence was proved in 8.8% of cases. When DOTS was applied in equal or less than 64% of the cases, the global cure reached 67.6%; in confirmed pulmonary disease it was 68.1%, and non-adherence was proved in 21.8% of cases. Global mortality due to TB was 5.2%; 22.3% in HIV (+) and 4.1% in HIV (-). While In group 1, the cure rate of co-infected TB/HIV patients was 55.2%, non-adherence was 6.9%, in group 2 these figures were 46.4% and 19.7% respectively. Mortality rate in HIV (+) patients was 31.0% in group 1, and 16.1% in group 2. These results show that DOTS application proved to be an efficient tool to cure most of the patients, reaching the proposed goal of 85%, therefore reducing the risk of illness in the community.


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/tratamento farmacológico , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Terapia Diretamente Observada/normas , Infecções por HIV/microbiologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/microbiologia , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/mortalidade , Argentina/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Recusa em Tratar , Resultado do Tratamento , Tuberculose Pulmonar/mortalidade , Tuberculose Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , Organização Mundial da Saúde
20.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 67(2): 131-135, 2007. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-123530

RESUMO

El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar el impacto epidemiológico producido por la aplicación de la estrategia del tratamiento para tuberculosis (TB) de corta duración y directamente observado (DOTS), y su correlación con el éxito en la Región Sanitaria V, durante el año 2003. Se evaluó la curación comparando dos grupos de estudio. Grupo 1: municipios con 65% o más de los casos con DOTS, y Grupo 2: con 64% o menos de los pacientes bajo esta estrategia o sin su aplicación. Se analizó la letalidad global y de pacientes HIV (+) en ambos grupos. En el grupo 1 el éxito del tratamiento fue 85.7%, con curación en las formas pulmonares confirmadas de 86.2% y abandono de 8.8%. En el grupo 2 la curación alcanzó el 67.6%, en pulmonares confirmados 68.1% y el abandono de 21.8%. La letalidad global fue 5.2%, en pacientes HIV (+) 22.3% y en los HIV (-) 4.1%. La curación en TB/HIV en el grupo 1 fue 55.2%, con abandono de 6.9%; en el grupo 2 curó el 46.4% y abandonó el 19.7%. El 31.0% de pacientes HIV (+) fallecieron en el grupo 1 y 16.1% en el grupo 2. La implementación del DOTS, permitió alcanzar la meta de curar el 85% de los casos, probando ser una herramienta eficaz, capaz de garantizar la curación de la mayoría de los pacientes y reducir el riesgo de enfermar de la comunidad.(AU)


The aim of this study was to analyze the epidemiologic impact produced by Direct Observed Treatment Strategy (DOTS) application regarding to its success in the 5th Sanitary Region during the year 2 003. The cure was evaluated by a cohort study comparing two groups. Group 1: Districts in which DOTS were applied in 65% or more TB patients; group 2: Districts applying DOTS in 64% or less, or without its implementation. The global mortality was analyzed on HIV (-) as well as on HIV (+) patients in both groups. In Municipalities where DOTS strategy was applied in >65% of notified cases, the treatment success was 85.7%; the cure rate of bacteriological confirmed pulmonary disease was 86.2% and non-adherence was proved in 8.8% of cases. When DOTS was applied in equal or less than 64% of the cases, the global cure reached 67.6%; in confirmed pulmonary disease it was 68.1%, and non-adherence was proved in 21.8% of cases. Global mortality due to TB was 5.2%; 22.3% in HIV (+) and 4.1% in HIV (-). While In group 1, the cure rate of co-infected TB/HIV patients was 55.2%, non-adherence was 6.9%, in group 2 these figures were 46.4% and 19.7% respectively. Mortality rate in HIV (+) patients was 31.0% in group 1, and 16.1% in group 2. These results show that DOTS application proved to be an efficient tool to cure most of the patients, reaching the proposed goal of 85%, therefore reducing the risk of illness in the community.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por HIV/microbiologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Diretamente Observada/normas , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose Pulmonar/mortalidade , Tuberculose Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/microbiologia , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/mortalidade , Argentina/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Resultado do Tratamento , Recusa em Tratar , Organização Mundial da Saúde
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