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Cogn Neuropsychiatry ; 25(2): 126-138, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856651


Introduction: Evidence suggests that schizophrenia patients have olfactory dysfunctions, but the relationship between olfactory identification, hedonic judgement, and negative symptomatology remains unclear. Few studies have investigated whether co-activation of pleasant and unpleasant emotions are more prevalent in schizophrenia patients.Methods: Thirty schizophrenia outpatients with prominent negative symptoms (PNS), 30 outpatients without PNS, and 30 controls completed the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test, and were asked to identify the odourants and to rate their emotions. The effects of gender and medications on olfactory function were examined.Results: Schizophrenia patients exhibited olfactory identification impairments, even after accounting for gender and medication effects. Patients with PNS demonstrated larger magnitude of deficit than those without. Patients with PNS reported less pleasure to positive-valenced odourants, and less unpleasantness to negative-valenced odourants than controls. Olfactory anhedonia in patients with PNS disappeared after controlling for medication effect. Schizophrenia patients do not exhibit affective ambivalence in olfaction.Conclusions: Schizophrenia patients with PNS exhibit deficits in olfactory identification and hedonic judgement, even after controlling for gender and medication effects. Our findings support the close relationship between olfactory dysfunctions and negative symptoms. Further studies should investigate the effect of dopamine-blocking agents on the olfactory hedonic judgment in schizophrenia patients.

Anedonia/fisiologia , Julgamento/fisiologia , Transtornos do Olfato/fisiopatologia , Transtornos do Olfato/psicologia , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatologia , Psicologia do Esquizofrênico , Adulto , Emoções/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Odorantes/análise , Transtornos do Olfato/diagnóstico , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico , Olfato/fisiologia