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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35575457

RESUMO

A proximity effect facilitates the penetration of Cooper pairs that permits superconductivity in a normal metal, offering a promising approach to turn heterogeneous materials into superconductors and develop exceptional quantum phenomena. Here, we have systematically investigated proximity-induced anisotropic superconductivity in a monolayer Ni-Pb binary alloy by combining scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/STS) with theoretical calculations. By means of high-temperature growth, the (33×33)R30o Ni-Pb surface alloy has been fabricated on Pb(111) and the appearance of a domain boundary as well as a structural phase transition can be deduced from a half-unit-cell lattice displacement. Given the high spatial and energy resolution, tunneling conductance (dI/dU) spectra have resolved the reduced but anisotropic superconducting gap ΔNiPb ≈ 1.0 meV, in stark contrast to the isotropic ΔPb ≈ 1.3 meV. In addition, the higher density of states at the Fermi energy (D(EF)) of the Ni-Pb surface alloy results in an enhancement of coherence peak height. According to the same Tc ≈ 7.1 K with Pb(111) from the temperature-dependent ΔNiPb and the short decay length Ld ≈ 3.55 nm from the spatially monotonic decrease of ΔNiPb, both results are supportive of a proximity-induced superconductivity. Despite a lack of a bulk counterpart, the atomically thick Ni-Pb bimetallic compound opens a pathway to engineer superconducting properties down to the two-dimensional limit, giving rise to the emergence of anisotropic superconductivity via a proximity effect.

2.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 31(3): 035501, 2019 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30523842

RESUMO

Topological semimetals have a variety of phases, whose Fermi surfaces can be nodal points, nodal lines and nodal loops. Here we construct four classes of 3D minimal models via vertically stacking a 2D nonsymmorphic lattice with and without breaking crystalline symmetries. As a result, four distinct topological phases can be generated in our minimal model, such as Dirac nodal line semimetals, Weyl nodal line semimetals, unconventional Weyl semimetals with topological charge [Formula: see text], and weak topological insulators. Unexpectedly, Weyl nodal loops are generated without mirror symmetry protection, where nontrivial 'drumhead' surface states emerge within the loops.

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