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Molecules ; 24(14)2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311184

RESUMO

Herein, contaminants remaining in distillate and distillers' stillage were quantitatively measured after distillation. After rice bran powder was contaminated with 10 ppm of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) or 0.02-1.27 ppm of five pesticides (terbufos, fenthion, iprobenfos, flutolanil, and ethoprophos) followed by fermentation, single-stage distillation was performed. In the obtained distillate, no Pb or Cd was found, as expected. However, when the pesticides were added as contaminants, trace-0.05 ppm of some pesticides were detected in the distillate, possibly due to the high vapor pressure (e.g., that of ethoprophos) and contamination amount (e.g., that of flutolanil, terbufos, and fenthion). In contrast, none of the contaminating pesticides were observed in the distilled spirits when a fermented liquefaction contaminated with 0.04-4 ppm of six pesticides (fenthion, terbufos, ethoprophos, iprobenfos, oxadiazon, and flutolanil) was distilled using a pilot-plant scale distillation column, indicating that the pesticides hardly migrate to the distilled spirits.


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Oryza/química , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Anilidas/análise , Cádmio/análise , Destilação , Fention/análise , Fermentação , Chumbo/análise , Compostos Organotiofosforados/análise , Projetos Piloto
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