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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639648

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among burden, depression, awareness of information (AIC), and safety behavior among hemodialysis patients in Korea during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study participants included 149 patients who received hemodialysis at seven general hospitals in Korea between January and February 2021. A structured questionnaire was used to survey their levels of burden, depression, AIC, adherent safety behavior (ASB), and dysfunctional safety behavior (DSB). The study results showed that the influencing factors of ASB for COVID-19 were AIC (ß = 0.265, p < 0.001), the burden of "not receiving hemodialysis on time" (ß = 0.233, p = 0.008), and the burden of "social exclusion of hemodialysis patients" (ß = 0.186, p = 0.032). The influencing factors of DSB were the burden of "social exclusion of hemodialysis patients" (ß = 0.258, p = 0.003) and AIC (ß = 0.217, p = 0.004). As the COVID-19 pandemic continues, the latest evidence-based information must be provided to hemodialysis patients to promote self-care and prevention behavior that encourages ASB and discourages DSB.

2.
Clin Nurs Res ; : 10547738211050489, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622689

RESUMO

Pressure injuries (PIs) are one of the most important and frequent complications in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) or those with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors of PIs in patients with TBI admitted to the ICU. In this retrospective study, the medical records of 237 patients with TBI admitted to the trauma ICU of a university hospital were examined. Demographic, trauma-related, and treatment-related characteristics of all the patients were evaluated from their records. The incidence of PIs was 13.9%, while the main risk factors were a higher injury severity score, use of mechanical ventilation, vasopressor infusion, lower Braden Scale score, fever, and period of enteral feeding. This study advances the nursing practice in the ICU by predicting the development of PIs and their characteristics in patients with TBI.

3.
Nurs Open ; 8(3): 1030-1037, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482659

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to examine the sleep pattern of breast cancer survivors and anxiety and depression associated with sleep quality to provide evidence-based information for the development of interventions to improve sleep disorders in these survivors. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: The subjects were 266 breast cancer survivors in South Korea. Structured questionnaires regarding sleep quality, anxiety and depression were used. The data were analysed using t test, ANOVA and multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: Sleep duration and sleep disturbance were found to affect anxiety, whereas sleep latency and subjective sleep quality were found to affect depression. These results suggest that various factors affecting sleep quality should be considered when providing care for anxiety and depression in breast cancer survivors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Sono , Sobreviventes
4.
Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci) ; 15(3): 181-188, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741506

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of home-and-workplace combined exercise on physical function, depression, and work-related disability in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. METHODS: This study adopted a non-randomized quasi-experimental design. Fifty-two patients were recruited: home-and-workplace combined exercise (n = 17), home exercise (n = 18), and control group (n = 17). RESULTS: The home-and-workplace combined exercise group showed improvement in spinal mobility and pulmonary function and significantly lower absenteeism and overwork impact than the home-exercise group and control group. The home-and-workplace combined exercise and home exercise groups showed a higher level of activity improvement than the control group. CONCLUSION: home-and-workplace combined exercise can be recommended to patients with ankylosing spondylitis to enhance their physical function, including spinal mobility and pulmonary function, and reduce work-related disability.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Espondilite Anquilosante/terapia , Absenteísmo , Atividades Cotidianas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pico do Fluxo Expiratório , Autocuidado , Coluna Vertebral/fisiopatologia , Espirometria , Espondilite Anquilosante/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Capacidade Vital , Local de Trabalho
5.
Nurs Ethics ; 26(3): 833-844, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28893158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Academic ethical awareness is an important aspect especially for nursing students who will provide ethical nursing care to patients in future or try to tread the path of learning toward professional acknowledgement in nursing scholarship. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore academic ethical awareness and its related characteristics among undergraduate nursing students. METHODS: This study commenced the survey with cross-sectional, descriptive questions and enrolled convenient samples of 581 undergraduate nursing students from three universities in South Korea. It was investigated with structured questionnaires including general characteristics and academic ethical awareness related. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: This study was reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board at National University. FINDINGS: Academic ethical awareness was the highest regarding behaviors violating the respect or confidentiality of patients and cheating on exams, while it was the lowest for inappropriate behaviors in class. From the result of general characteristics difference, male students showed higher score than female students in relative; first-year students showed higher score than other year students; the higher score was rated from students who were highly satisfied with their major than the other not satisfied with their major; and students with low academic stress showed higher ethical awareness score than persons with higher stress. CONCLUSION: Personal behaviors were rated with low ethical awareness in relative, but items related to public rules and actual effects on patients or others were rated with higher score. Nursing satisfaction and academic stress are main factors on ethical awareness. To improve overall ethical awareness level of nursing students, it is required to provide more education about the importance of personal behaviors in class and need to improve the understanding of how it will be connected with future situation and effect.


Assuntos
Ética em Enfermagem/educação , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Estudos Transversais , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , República da Coreia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades/organização & administração
6.
Int Neurourol J ; 22(3): 192-199, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30286582

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the severity of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and to identify factors that influenced LUTS in advanced cancer patients with chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a total of 158 advanced cancer patients with CIPN. A structured questionnaire including the International Prostate Symptom Score and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy/Gynecology Oncology Group/Neurotoxicity scale was used. Data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: Nocturia was the most prevalent LUTS. A positive relationship was found between CIPN symptoms and LUTS. The duration of cancer diagnosis and the severity of CIPN were key factors that influenced LUTS. CONCLUSION: The severity of CIPN symptoms was the most important predictor of LUTS. Nurses' care for advanced cancer patients should incorporate a comprehensive health assessment, which includes a history of treatment and physical neuropathic symptoms, for any patient complaining of CIPN symptoms.

7.
J Clin Nurs ; 26(13-14): 2073-2082, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27859802

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate an eye care educational programme for intensive care unit nurses. BACKGROUND: Eye care guidelines and protocols have been developed for increasing eye care implementation in intensive care units. However, the guidelines lack consistency in assessment or intervention methodology. DESIGN: This was a one-sample pre/postprogramme evaluation study design for testing the effects of the eye care educational programme, developed for and applied to intensive care unit nurses, on their levels of knowledge and awareness. METHODS: The eye care educational programme was developed based on literature review and survey of educational needs. Thirty intensive care unit nurses served as subjects for the study. RESULTS: The levels of eye care-related knowledge, awareness and practice were enhanced following the implementation of the educational programme. Moreover, satisfaction with the educational programme was high. CONCLUSION: It is necessary to intensify eye care education aimed at new nurses who are inexperienced in intensive care unit nursing and provide continuing education on the latest eye care methods and information to experienced nurses. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The eye care educational programme developed in this study can be used as a strategy to periodically assess the eye status of patients and facilitate the appropriate eye care.


Assuntos
Enfermagem de Cuidados Críticos/educação , Oftalmopatias/enfermagem , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Oftalmopatias/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Adulto Jovem
8.
Iran J Public Health ; 45(11): 1446-1454, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28032062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the impact of ego-resilience and family function on quality of life in childhood leukemia survivors. METHODS: This study targeted 100 pediatric leukemia survivors, who visited the Pediatric Hemato-Oncology Center in South Korea from Aug to Dec 2011. A structured questionnaire of ego-resilience, family function and quality of life used to collect data through direct interview with the pediatric patients and their parents. The correlation between the study variables analyzed using the Pearson's correlation coefficient, and the impact on quality of life analyzed using a stepwise multiple regression. RESULTS: Ego-resilience (r = 0.69, P<0.001) and family function (r =0.46, P< 0.001) had a positive correlation with quality of life and all the sub-categories of quality of life. Ego-resilience was a major factor affecting quality of life in childhood leukemia survivors, with an explanatory power of 48%. The explanatory power for quality of life increased to 53% when age and family function were included. CONCLUSION: Ego-resilience, age, and family function affect quality of life in childhood leukemia survivors. Hence, strategies are required to construct age-matched programs to improve quality of life, in order to help restore the necessary ego-resilience and to strengthen family function in childhood leukemia survivors.

9.
Appl Nurs Res ; 30: 61-6, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27091255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer patients fear the relapse of their disease and subsequent death the most. Dying Well Education Program, a death education program, was offered for breast cancer patients to help them to reflect on the meanings of life and death. PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effects of a death education on fear of death, anxiety and depression, hope, and spiritual well-being among breast cancer patients. METHODS: Twenty-three women with breast cancer at a university hospital in South Korea who received Dying Well Education Program, once a week for 10 weeks, were compared with 25 participants in a control group who received the treatment as usual. RESULTS: Participants in the experimental group were satisfied with the program and showed a decreased level of fear of death, and increased levels of hope and spiritual well-being when compared to the control group. The anxiety and depression scores for both experimental and control groups were initially within normal ranges before the program and further decreased over time. CONCLUSION: This study confirmed that a properly designed death education program could serve as a means of increasing breast cancer patients' hope and spiritual well-being.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Ansiedade/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Depressão/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , República da Coreia
10.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 21: 215-22, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26645947

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We conducted a descriptive study to identify the symptoms, emotional status, and quality of life experienced by hospitalized ovarian cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, and influencing the factors of symptom clusters on their quality of life. METHODS: A total of 192 patients who had been diagnosed with ovarian cancer and received adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery more than once from 2 university hospitals with over 800 beds located in the Seoul and Gyeonggi areas of South Korea were included in this study. Using a structured questionnaire, the symptoms, emotional status, and quality of life by these patients were investigated from May 2012 to June 2013. RESULTS: We identified the following 7 symptom clusters among ovarian cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy: psychological distress, fatigue-pain, abdominal discomfort, flu-like symptoms, fluid accumulation, and peripheral neuropathy. Patients with a high level of anxiety or depression experienced all symptoms at a higher level, and the 7 symptom clusters influenced all aspects of the patients' quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides to need interventions for the quality of life of ovarian cancer patients need to include the management of not only the physical symptoms and treatment-related side effects, but also the changes in their emotional status and daily lives.


Assuntos
Emoções , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Idoso , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Análise por Conglomerados , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Avaliação de Sintomas
11.
Clin Nurs Res ; 25(2): 192-208, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25427648

RESUMO

This study was done to investigate the effects of comprehensive care program on cardiopulmonary function, muscle strength, immune response, and quality of life in ovarian cancer survivors. Participants were 40 ovarian cancer survivors, 20 in the experimental group and 20 in the control group, at C university hospital gynecological cancer center from May 2009, to December 2010. The treatment was a comprehensive care program for 8 weeks consisting of group education and self-help group support, home-based exercise, and relaxation. Data were analyzed by t test and repeated-measures ANOVA. Cardiopulmonary function, measured by 12-min walk distance; muscle strength, measured by the chair-stand test; and quality of life were more increased in the experimental group. But immune response was not statistically significant. These results indicate that the comprehensive care program is an effective nursing intervention to improve cardiopulmonary function, muscle strength, and quality of life in ovarian cancer survivors.


Assuntos
Assistência Integral à Saúde/organização & administração , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Sobreviventes , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26412625

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study identifies degree of awareness and legal knowledge about overall abuse and violence, and investigates attitudes towards domestic violence in emergency nurses. METHODS: The data collection period was between August and December 2012 for 131 nurses who worked in the emergency center of five hospitals in South Korea. This study surveyed emergency nurses about the recognition of abuse and violence, the legal knowledge of abuse and violence, and the attitudes towards domestic violence. RESULTS: This study showed that approximately 60.0% of participants experienced incidents of suspected abuse or violence, but the reporting rates were low. Of all the participants, 70.2% knew that they must report the discovery of abuse or violent incidents, but 45.0% did not know that if someone who had duty to report but did not report that he/she had a legal responsibility. Most emergency nurses agreed that "even if the domestic violence is severe it should not be suggested to victims that they run away, leaving children at home", and "perpetrators are patients who need treatment." CONCLUSIONS: Appropriate awareness about abuse and violence, and systematic education are required for emergency nurses so that they can provide appropriate interventions.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Violência Doméstica , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Adulto , Enfermagem em Emergência , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , República da Coreia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Workplace Health Saf ; 63(5): 211-8, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26002852

RESUMO

This study investigated the current status of infection management for forensic science investigators in South Korea. This study included 104 forensic science investigators, of which 97.1% were exposed to the blood or body fluids of corpses during handling. Of these investigators, 98% claimed they wore gloves, and 12.9% used double-layered gloves. A total of 70.6% of the participants with relevant work experience wore masks to reduce infection risk; 43% wore gowns and goggles when at risk of contracting an infection. Furthermore, 59.8% of the investigators with pertinent work experience sought appropriate first aid and treatment when they experienced contaminated skin cuts or stab wounds. Working conditions and other problems should be analyzed consistently with the cooperation of employees, occupational health practitioners, and relevant organizations to prevent work-associated infections among forensic science investigators.


Assuntos
Ciências Forenses , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Enfermagem do Trabalho/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/normas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde do Trabalhador , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , República da Coreia , Fatores de Risco
14.
Gastroenterol Nurs ; 38(6): 455-63, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25159269

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to identify disease-related knowledge and information needs of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The 313 patients (Crohn disease: n = 169, colitis: n = 144) presenting to an outpatient gastroenterology clinic of a tertiary care hospital in Seoul, Republic of Korea, were scored on their knowledge of Crohn disease and colitis and their information needs were assessed in the questionnaire. Patients with Crohn disease obtained a higher mean knowledge score than patients with colitis. The patients with Crohn disease had significantly higher scores about complications than patients with colitis. The patients with Crohn disease showed significantly higher mean scores relating to the patients' information needs than patients with colitis. The favorite topics of information needed were disease, medication, and diagnosis/operations. The patients with Crohn disease wanted more information than patients with colitis about medications used for treatment, daily life, and pregnancy. The effectiveness of the training and education given to patients can be maximized in this education system when the information about disease and medications for Crohn disease patients or information about disease and diet for colitis patients is primarily provided according to the degree of the patients' need for information.


Assuntos
Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Conhecimento , Colite , Doença de Crohn , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/normas , República da Coreia
15.
Appl Nurs Res ; 28(2): 163-8, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25448055

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study compared parent-child communication (PCC) patterns and parental role satisfaction (PRS) between women with breast cancer and healthy women. BACKGROUND: A limited number of studies have examined PCC and the impact of PRS between cancer patients and their children. METHODS: It was a descriptive survey design comprising the Parent-Adolescent Communication Scale and a PRS measure. Data from 202 participants in total were analysed with two-way analyses of variance and t-tests. RESULTS: Closed communication was higher in both groups than open communication, but higher still in children of women with breast cancer than in children of healthy women. PRS was lower in women with breast cancer than in healthy women. Educational programs should be developed to support parents and children during the post-treatment adjustment period for mothers with breast cancer. CONCLUSION: Such programs should take a practical approach toward increasing open parent-child communication while considering personal characteristics and cultural backgrounds.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Mães , Relações Pais-Filho , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25030491

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study aimed at determining the relationship between patient-reported quality of life (QOL) and nurse-led bedside evaluations of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy symptoms. METHODS: One hundred ninety-five patients treated at the oncology clinic at our institution were assessed using Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy/Gynecologic Oncology Group-Neurotoxicity and nurse-led bedside examinations. The relationship between self-reported QOL and bedside examinations was evaluated using Spearman rank correlations. RESULTS: Scores of upper and lower extremity muscle strength based on the bedside examinations showed a weak negative correlation with the emotional well-being subscale of Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General. Further, weak negative relationships were present between QOL and the following nurse-reported parameters: vibration perception in the hand, upper extremity muscle strength, touch and vibration perception in the feet, and tendon reflexes. CONCLUSION: Collectively, our results indicate that nurse-led bedside evaluation is a noninvasive and useful method for detecting neurotoxicity and evaluating the patient's QOL both during and after treatment.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/diagnóstico , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/diagnóstico , Qualidade de Vida , Avaliação de Sintomas/normas , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/etiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/induzido quimicamente , Compostos de Platina/efeitos adversos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos , Taxoides/efeitos adversos
17.
Nurs Health Sci ; 16(2): 193-200, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23991723

RESUMO

This study examined the factors influencing internet addiction levels and mental health in a nationally-representative sample of 74,980 Korean middle- and high-school students who completed the 2010 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey. The prevalence rates of potential internet addiction and internet addiction were 14.8% and 3%, respectively. The odds ratios for potential internet addiction were higher in both boys and girls who reported suicidal ideation, depressive mood, moderate or higher subjective stress, moderate or more happiness, or ever having engaged in problematic substance use. Adolescents at high risk for internet addiction had poor mental health outcomes. The findings indicate the need for measures to prevent and manage internet addiction in adolescents that consider the severity of factors related to internet addiction.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , Internet/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Causalidade , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Assunção de Riscos , Fatores Sexuais
18.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 43(3): 409-19, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23893231

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe and explore the experience process of life of patients with Crohn's disease. METHODS: Using a grounded theory methodology, 24 interviews were performed with 7 men and 5 women, 17-47 years of age, suffering from Crohn's disease. RESULTS: 'Tuning of two conflicting lives' was identified as the core category, and 5 subcategories were identified and they were integrated into the core category. The identified outcomes were 'Living a withdrawn life', 'coping flexibly', 'drifting with tangled emotions' and 'maintaining long-term remission'. CONCLUSION: When caring for these patients, it is important to identify needs, allow patients to express what they want at that moment and support them in maintaining a daily life that can be perceived as normal.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn/psicologia , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Psicológico , Adulto Jovem
19.
Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci) ; 7(3): 136-41, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25030251

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to understand factors that influence post-traumatic stress (PTS) in Korean forensic science investigators. METHODS: A total of 111 forensic science investigators were recruited in Korea. PTS was measured using the tool modified by Choi (2001) from the original developed by Foa, Riggs, Dancu, and Rothbaum (1993) based on DSM-IV. Factors influencing PTS included demographic and job-related characteristics, emotional intelligence, and death anxiety. RESULTS: PTS scores were positively correlated with personality type, fatigue from work, and death anxiety. PTS scores were negatively correlated with length of career as a forensic science investigator and emotional intelligence. The factors that had the greatest influence on PTS were death anxiety, years spent as a forensic science investigator, personality type, emotional intelligence, fatigue, and homicide experience. The explanatory power of these six factors was 44.0%. CONCLUSION: Therefore, it is necessary to regularly evaluate the mental health of those who are vulnerable to PTS. Based on these results, various interventions could be implemented for promoting overall health of the forensic science investigators.

20.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 42(4): 589-98, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22972219

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine risk factors for pathological gambling of horse race participants. METHODS: The participants, 508 horse race gamblers, completed the DSM-IV criteria of pathological gambling, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-K) and Symptom Checklist-47-Revision (SCL-47-R). Data were analyzed using t-test, χ²-test, Fisher's exact test, and logistic regression analyses. Behaviors related to horse racing, alcohol abuse, and mental health were analyzed between problem or pathological gamblers compared to recreational gamblers. RESULTS: The prevalence rates of recreational, problem, and pathological gambling were 36.6%, 39.4%, and 24.0%, respectively. Frequency of gambling (≥4/day), frequency of racetrack visiting (≥3/month), accompaniment (alone), and mental health (SCL-47-R scores) were all associated with increased risks of problem and pathological gambling. Expenditure on betting (≥200,000 won/day) and alcohol abuse (AUDIT-K 8-20 scores) group members had higher levels of gambling pathology than recreational gamblers. CONCLUSION: Problem and pathological gambling are highly associated with alcohol abuse and mental health disorders, suggesting that clinicians should carefully evaluate this population.


Assuntos
Jogo de Azar/psicologia , Adulto , Alcoolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
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