Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 10 de 10
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(17)2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502615

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to develop a simple submaximal walk test protocol and equation using heart rate (HR) response variables to predict maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max). A total of 60 healthy adults were recruited to test the validity of 3 min walk tests (3MWT). VO2max and HR responses during the 3MWTs were measured. Multiple regression analysis was used to develop prediction equations. As a result, HR response variables including resting HR and HR during walking and recovery at two different cadences were significantly correlated with VO2max. The equations developed using multiple regression analyses were able to predict VO2max values (r = 0.75-0.84; r2 = 0.57-0.70; standard error of estimate (SEE) = 4.80-5.25 mL/kg/min). The equation that predicted VO2max the best was at the cadence of 120 steps per minute, which included sex; age; height; weight; body mass index; resting HR; HR at 1 min, 2 min and 3 min; HR recovery at 1 min and 2 min; and other HR variables calculated based on these measured HR variables (r = 0.84; r2 = 0.70; SEE = 4.80 mL/kg/min). In conclusion, the 3MWT developed in this study is a safe and practical submaximal exercise protocol for healthy adults to predict VO2max accurately, even compared to the well-established submaximal exercise protocols, and merits further investigation.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Consumo de Oxigênio , Adulto , Exercício Físico , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Teste de Caminhada , Caminhada
2.
Cell Syst ; 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464590

RESUMO

Genotype imputation is a fundamental step in genomic data analysis, where missing variant genotypes are predicted using the existing genotypes of nearby "tag" variants. Although researchers can outsource genotype imputation, privacy concerns may prohibit genetic data sharing with an untrusted imputation service. Here, we developed secure genotype imputation using efficient homomorphic encryption (HE) techniques. In HE-based methods, the genotype data are secure while it is in transit, at rest, and in analysis. It can only be decrypted by the owner. We compared secure imputation with three state-of-the-art non-secure methods and found that HE-based methods provide genetic data security with comparable accuracy for common variants. HE-based methods have time and memory requirements that are comparable or lower than those for the non-secure methods. Our results provide evidence that HE-based methods can practically perform resource-intensive computations for high-throughput genetic data analysis. The source code is freely available for download at https://github.com/K-miran/secure-imputation.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13066, 2021 06 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34158561

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the association between domain-specific physical activity (PA) and diabetes in Korean adults. We analyzed 26,653 men and women (aged > 18 years) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2014-2018). PA was measured using a validated Global PA Questionnaire. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) after adjustment for various confounders. Transport PA accounted for the majority of total PA (46%, men; 58%, women), followed by leisure-time PA (30%; 22%) and work PA (24%; 20%). In men, ORs (95% CI) of diabetes comparing ≥ 600 metabolic task of equivalent (MET)-min/week vs. no activity were 0.82 (0.71-0.95) for leisure-time PA, 0.85 (0.75-0.96) for transport PA, and 0.88 (0.78-0.99) for leisure-time + transport PA. In women, ORs (95% CI) of diabetes comparing the same groups were 0.73 (0.60-0.89) for leisure-time PA, 0.97 (0.85-1.10) for transport PA, and 0.88 (0.78-1.00) for leisure-time + transport PA. However, work PA showed no association with diabetes. In conclusion, leisure-time PA was inversely associated with diabetes in both men and women, while transport PA was inversely associated only in men. But work PA was not associated with diabetes in Korean adults.

5.
Blood Purif ; 50(2): 214-221, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cell-free mitochondrial DNA (cf-mtDNA) has recently been in the spotlight as an endogenously produced danger molecule that can potentially elicit inflammation. However, its clinical and prognostic implications are uncertain in patients undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: We examined the association of baseline cf-mtDNA categorized as tertiles with health-related quality of life (HRQOL), inflammatory cytokines, and mortality in a multicenter prospective cohort of 334 patients on hemodialysis. To better understand cf-mtDNA-mediated inflammation, we measured cytokine production after in vitro stimulation of bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) with mtDNA. RESULTS: The higher cf-mtDNA tertile had a longer dialysis vintage, a greater comorbidity burden, and increased levels of inflammatory markers, including high-sensitivity-C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, CXCL16, and osteoprotegerin. In particular, mtDNA augmented inflammatory cytokine release from BMDMs by lipopolysaccharide, the levels of which are reported to be increased in hemodialysis patients. Although the patients with higher levels of cf-mtDNA generally had lower (poorer) scores for HRQOL, cf-mtDNA was not associated with all-cause mortality in hemodialysis patients. CONCLUSION: cf-mtDNA was correlated with poor clinical status and modestly associated with impaired quality of life in patients on hemodialysis. In proinflammatory milieu in end-stage renal disease, these associations may be attributed to the boosting effects of cf-mtDNA on inflammation.

6.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(23)2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33271990

RESUMO

The purpose of our study was to validate a newly developed breath acetone (BrAce) analyzer, and to explore if BrAce could predict aerobic exercise-related substrate use. Six healthy men ran on a treadmill at 70% of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) for 1 h after two days of a low-carbohydrate diet. BrAce and blood ketone (acetoacetate (ACAC), beta-hydroxybutyrate (BOHB)) levels were measured at baseline and at different time points of post-exercise. BrAce values were validated against blood ketones and respiratory exchange ratio (RER). Our results showed that BrAce was moderately correlated with BOHB (r = 0.68, p < 0.01), ACAC (r = 0.37, p < 0.01) and blood ketone (r = 0.60, p < 0.01), suggesting that BrAce reflect blood ketone levels, which increase when fat is oxidized. Furthermore, BrAce also negatively correlated with RER (r = 0.67, p < 0.01). In our multiple regression analyses, we found that when BMI and VO2max were added to the prediction model in addition to BrAce, R2 values increased up to 0.972 at rest and 0.917 at 1 h after exercise. In conclusion, BrAce level measurements of our BrAce analyzer reflect blood ketone levels and the device could potentially predict fat oxidation.


Assuntos
Acetona , Testes Respiratórios , Gastos em Saúde , Ácido 3-Hidroxibutírico , Metabolismo Energético , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Masculino , Oxirredução , Consumo de Oxigênio
7.
J Clin Med ; 9(8)2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32806730

RESUMO

Approximately 5% of patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) exhibit mild mesangial lesions with acute onset nephrotic syndrome and diffuse foot process effacement representative of minimal change disease (MCD). It is not clear whether these unusual cases of IgAN with MCD (IgAN-MCD) are variant types of IgAN or coincidental deposition of IgA in patients with MCD. In a retrospective multicenter cohort study of 18 hospitals in Korea, we analyzed 46 patients with IgAN-MCD. Patients with endocapillary proliferation, segmental sclerosis, and crescent were excluded, and the clinical features and prognosis of IgAN-MCD were compared with those of pure MCD. In addition, we performed galactose-deficient IgA1 (KM55) staining to characterize IgAN-MCD. Among the 21,697 patients with glomerulonephritis enrolled in the database, 46 patients (0.21%) were diagnosed with IgAN-MCD, and 1610 patients (7.4%) with pure MCD. The 46 patients with IgAN-MCD accounted for 0.6% of primary IgAN patients (n = 7584). There was no difference in prognosis between patients with IgAN-MCD and those with only MCD. IgA and KM55 showed double positivity in all patients with IgAN-MCD (n = 4) or primary IgAN (n = 5) under double immunofluorescent staining. However, in four patients with lupus nephritis, mesangial IgA was deposited, but galactose-deficient-IgA1 (Gd-IgA1) was not. These findings suggest that IgAN-MCD is a dual glomerulopathy in which MCD was superimposed on possibly indolent IgAN. We confirmed by KM55 staining that IgAN-MCD is true IgAN, enabling better characterizations of the disease. Furthermore, IgAN-MCD shows a good prognosis when treated according to the usual MCD treatment modality.

8.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2127, 2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32358544

RESUMO

Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors reduce cardiovascular events in humans with type 2 diabetes (T2D); however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Activation of the NLR family, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome and subsequent interleukin (IL)-1ß release induces atherosclerosis and heart failure. Here we show the effect of SGLT2 inhibitor empagliflozin on NLRP3 inflammasome activity. Patients with T2D and high cardiovascular risk receive SGLT2 inhibitor or sulfonylurea for 30 days, with NLRP3 inflammasome activation analyzed in macrophages. While the SGLT2 inhibitor's glucose-lowering capacity is similar to sulfonylurea, it shows a greater reduction in IL-1ß secretion compared to sulfonylurea accompanied by increased serum ß-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) and decreased serum insulin. Ex vivo experiments with macrophages verify the inhibitory effects of high BHB and low insulin levels on NLRP3 inflammasome activation. In conclusion, SGLT2 inhibitor attenuates NLRP3 inflammasome activation, which might help to explain its cardioprotective effects.


Assuntos
Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Idoso , Animais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Glucose/farmacologia , Humanos , Insulina/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Cetonas/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose , Compostos de Sulfonilureia/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
9.
Public Health Nutr ; 23(9): 1507-1514, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172710

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To propose a new anthropometric index that can be employed to better predict percent body fat (PBF) among young adults and to compare with current anthropometric indices. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: All measurements were taken in a controlled laboratory setting in Seoul (South Korea), between 1 December 2015 and 30 June 2016. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-seven young adults (18-35 years) who underwent dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) were used for analysis. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to develop a body fat index (BFI) using simple demographic and anthropometric information. Correlations of DXA measured PBF (DXA_PBF) with previously developed anthropometric indices and the BFI were analysed. Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses were conducted to compare the ability of anthropometric indices to identify obese individuals. RESULTS: BFI showed a strong correlation with DXA_PBF (r = 0·84), which was higher than the correlations of DXA_PBF with the traditional (waist circumference, r = 0·49; waist to height ratio, r = 0·68; BMI, r = 0·36) and alternate anthropometric indices (a body shape index, r = 0·47; body roundness index, r = 0·68; body adiposity index, r = 0·70). Moreover, the BFI showed higher accuracy at identifying obese individuals (area under the curve (AUC) = 0·91), compared with the other anthropometric indices (AUC = 0·71-0·86). CONCLUSIONS: The BFI can accurately predict DXA_PBF in young adults, using simple demographic and anthropometric information that are commonly available in research and clinical settings. However, larger representative studies are required to build on our findings.

10.
ACS Nano ; 11(2): 1320-1327, 2017 02 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28080024

RESUMO

Anisotropic movement of azobenzene materials (i.e., azobenzene molecules incorporated in polymer, glass, or supramolecules) has provided significant opportunities for the fabrication of micro/nanoarchitectures. The examples include circular holes, line gaps, ellipsoidal holes, and nanofunnels. However, all of the previous studies have only focused on the lateral directional movement for the structural shaping of azobenzene materials. Herein, we propose structural shaping based on a vertical directional movement of azobenzene materials. To do this, light with oblique incidence, containing normal direction light polarization, was illuminated onto azobenzene materials film contact with patterned elastomeric molds (i.e., PDMS) so that the resulting vertical directional movement of azobenzene materials fills in the cavities of the molds and results in pattern formation. As a result, a range of patterns with sizes of features from micro- to sub-100 nm scale was successfully fabricated in a large area (few cm2), and the structural height was deterministically controlled by simply adjusting irradiation time. In addition to the notable capability of fabricating the single-scale structures, the technique provides a facile way to fabricate complex hierarchical multiscale structures, ensuring its versatility and wide applicability to various applications. As a selected exemplary application of the multiscale structures, a superhydrophobic surface has been successfully demonstrated.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...