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1.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105062

RESUMO

The morphology of nanocrystals serves as a powerful handle to modulate their functional properties. For semiconducting nanostructures, the shape is no less important than the size and composition, in terms of determining the electronic structure. For example, in the case of nanoplatelets (NPLs), their two-dimensional (2D) electronic structure and atomic precision along the axis of quantum confinement makes them well-suited as pure color emitters and optical gain media. In this study, we describe synthetic efforts to develop ZnSe NPLs emitting in the ultraviolet part of the spectrum. We focus on two populations of NPLs, the first having a sharp absorption onset at 345 nm and a previously unreported species with an absorption onset at 380 nm. Interestingly, we observe that the nanoplatelets are one step in a quantized reaction pathway that starts with (zero-dimensional (0D)) magic-sized clusters, then proceeds through the formation of (one-dimensional (1D)) nanowires toward the (2D) "345 nm" species of NPLs, which finally interconvert into the "380 nm" NPL species. We seek to rationalize this evolution of the morphology, in terms of a general free-energy landscape, which, under reaction control, allows for the isolation of well-defined structures, while thermodynamic control leads to the formation of three-dimensional (3D) nanocrystals.

2.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(34): 13487-13496, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379152

RESUMO

In contrast to molecular systems, which are defined with atomic precision, nanomaterials generally show some heterogeneity in size, shape, and composition. The sample inhomogeneity translates into a distribution of energy levels, band gaps, work functions, and other characteristics, which detrimentally affect practically every property of functional nanomaterials. We discuss a novel synthetic strategy, colloidal atomic layer deposition (c-ALD) with stationary reactant phases, which largely circumvents the limitations of traditional colloidal syntheses of nano-heterostructures with atomic precision. This approach allows for significant reduction of inhomogeneity in nanomaterials in complex nanostructures without compromising their structural perfection and enables the synthesis of epitaxial nano-heterostructures of unprecedented complexity. The improved synthetic control ultimately enables bandgap and strain engineering in colloidal nanomaterials with close to atomic accuracy. To demonstrate the power of the new c-ALD method, we synthesize a library of complex II-VI semiconductor nanoplatelet heterostructures. By combining spectroscopic and computational studies, we elucidate the subtle interplay between quantum confinement and strain effects on the optical properties of semiconductor nanostructures.

3.
Nano Lett ; 18(11): 6948-6953, 2018 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30244582

RESUMO

Excimers, a portmanteau of "excited dimer", are transient species that are formed from the electronic interaction of a fluorophore in the excited state with a neighbor in the ground state, which have found extensive use as laser gain media. Although common in molecular fluorophores, this work presents evidence for the formation of excimers in a new class of materials: atomically precise two-dimensional semiconductor nanoplatelets. Colloidal nanoplatelets of CdSe display two-color photoluminescence resolved at low temperatures with one band attributed to band-edge fluorescence and a second, red band attributed to excimer fluorescence. Previously reasonable explanations for two-color fluorescence, such as charging, are shown to be inconsistent with additional evidence. As with excimers in other materials systems, excimer emission is increased by increasing nanoplatelet concentration and the degree of cofacial stacking. Consistent with their promise as low-threshold gain media, amplified spontaneous emission emerges from the excimer emission line.

4.
Nano Lett ; 18(8): 4647-4652, 2018 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29985629

RESUMO

Many important light-matter coupling and energy-transfer processes depend critically on the dimensionality and orientation of optical transition dipoles in emitters. We investigate individual quasi-two-dimensional nanoplatelets (NPLs) using higher-order laser scanning microscopy and find that absorption dipoles in NPLs are isotropic in three dimensions at the excitation wavelength. Correlated polarization studies of the NPLs reveal that their emission polarization is strongly dependent on the aspect ratio of the lateral dimensions. Our simulations reveal that this emission anisotropy can be readily explained by the electric field renormalization effect caused by the dielectric contrast between the NPLs and the surrounding medium, and we conclude that emission dipoles in NPLs are isotropic in the plane of the NPLs. Our study presents an approach for disentangling the effects of dipole degeneracy and electric field renormalization on emission anisotropy and can be adapted for studying the intrinsic optical transition dipoles of various nanostructures.


Assuntos
Luminescência , Substâncias Luminescentes/química , Nanopartículas/química , Semicondutores , Anisotropia , Compostos de Cádmio/química , Simulação por Computador , Campos Eletromagnéticos , Luz , Modelos Químicos , Tamanho da Partícula , Fenômenos Físicos , Compostos de Selênio/química , Sulfetos/química , Propriedades de Superfície
5.
ACS Nano ; 11(9): 9119-9127, 2017 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28787569

RESUMO

Quasi-two-dimensional nanoplatelets (NPLs) possess fundamentally different excitonic properties from zero-dimensional quantum dots. We study lateral size-dependent photon emission statistics and carrier dynamics of individual NPLs using second-order photon correlation (g(2)(τ)) spectroscopy and photoluminescence (PL) intensity-dependent lifetime analysis. Room-temperature radiative lifetimes of NPLs can be derived from maximum PL intensity periods in PL time traces. It first decreases with NPL lateral size and then stays constant, deviating from the electric dipole approximation. Analysis of the PL time traces further reveals that the single exciton quantum yield in NPLs decreases with NPL lateral size and increases with protecting shell thickness, indicating the importance of surface passivation on NPL emission quality. Second-order photon correlation (g(2)(τ)) studies of single NPLs show that the biexciton quantum yield is strongly dependent on the lateral size and single exciton quantum yield of the NPLs. In large NPLs with unity single exciton quantum yield, the corresponding biexciton quantum yield can reach unity. These findings reveal that by careful growth control and core-shell material engineering, NPLs can be of great potential for light amplification and integrated quantum photonic applications.

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