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1.
Am Heart J ; 229: 81-91, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The evidence of effectiveness and safety of the non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) among elderly East Asians is limited. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe the effectiveness and safety outcomes associated with NOACs and warfarin among elderly Koreans aged ≥80 years. METHODS: Using the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment service database, patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who were naïve to index oral anticoagulant between 2015 and 2017 were included in this study (20,573 for NOACs and 4086 for warfarin). Two treatment groups were balanced using the inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) method. The clinical outcomes including ischemic stroke, major bleeding including intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB), and a composite of these outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: Compared to warfarin, NOACs were associated with lower risks of ischemic stroke (hazard ratio 0.74 [95% confidence interval 0.62-0.89]), and composite outcome (0.78 [0.69-0.90]). NOACs showed nonsignificant trends towards to lower risks of GIB and major bleeding than warfarin. The risk of ICH of NOAC group was comparable with the warfarin group. Among NOACs, apixaban and edoxaban showed better composite outcomes than warfarin. Among the clinical outcomes, only ischemic stroke and the composite outcome had a significant interaction with age subgroups (80-89 years and ≥90 years, P-for-interaction = .097 and .040, respectively). CONCLUSION: NOACs were associated with lower risks of ischemic stroke and the composite outcome (ischemic stroke and major bleeding) compared to warfarin in elderly East Asians. Physicians should be more confident in prescribing NOACs to elderly East Asians with AF.

2.
Heart ; 106(1): 50-57, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30209124

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Myocardial ischaemia is a leading cause of acute heart failure (AHF). However, optimal revascularisation strategies in AHF are unclear. We aimed to compare two revascularisation strategies, coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), in patients with AHF. METHODS: Among 5625 consecutive patients enrolled prospectively in the Korean Acute Heart Failure registry from March 2011 to February 2014, 717 patients who received CABG or PCI during the index hospitalisation for AHF were included in this analysis. We compared adverse outcomes (death, rehospitalisation for HF aggravation or cardiovascular causes, ischaemic stroke and a composite outcome of death and rehospitalisation for HF aggravation or cardiovascular causes) with the use of propensity score matching. RESULTS: For the propensity score-matched cohort with 190 patients, CABG had a lower risk of all-cause mortality than PCI (83 vs 147 deaths per 1000 patient-years; HR 0.57, 95% CI 0.34 to 0.96, p=0.033) during the median follow-up of 4 years. There was also a trend towards lower rates of rehospitalisation due to cardiovascular events or HF aggravation. Subgroup analysis revealed that the adverse outcomes were significantly lower in the CABG group than in PCI group, especially in patients with old age, three-vessel diseases, significant proximal left anterior descending artery disease and those without left main vessel disease or chronic total occlusion. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with PCI, CABG is associated with significant lower all-cause mortality in patients with AHF. Further studies should evaluate proper revascularisation strategies in AHF. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01389843; Results.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , República da Coreia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(22): 2788-2798, 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract, could play a role in the pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation (AF). AIM: To investigate the association between IBD and AF development. METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort study using records in the Korean National Health Insurance Services database between 2010 and 2014. A total of 37696 patients with IBD (12349 with Crohn's disease and 25397 with ulcerative colitis) were identified. The incidence rate of newly diagnosed AF in patients with IBD was compared with that in a 3 times larger cohort of 113088 age- and sex-matched controls without IBD. RESULTS: During 4.9 ± 1.3 years of follow-up, 1120 patients newly diagnosed with AF (348 in the IBD group and 772 in controls) were identified. After adjustments using multivariable Cox proportional hazards, patients with IBD were at a 36% [95% confidence interval (CI) 20%-54%] higher risk of AF than controls. The association between IBD and the development of AF was stronger in younger than in older patients. Patients without cardiovascular risk factors showed a higher risk of AF primarily. Additionally, patients receiving immun-omodulators [Hazard ration (HR) 1.46, 95%CI 1.31-1.89], systemic corticosteroids (HR 1.37, 95%CI 1.10-1.71), or biologics agents (HR 2.38, 95%CI 1.51-3.75) were at higher risk of AF than patients without them. CONCLUSION: IBD significantly increased the risk of AF, and the impact of IBD on developing AF was in patients with moderate to severe disease.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Colite Ulcerativa/complicações , Doença de Crohn/complicações , Adulto , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Colite Ulcerativa/diagnóstico , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
4.
J Interv Card Electrophysiol ; 55(2): 171-181, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102113

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The ablation index (AI) is a recently developed marker for ablation lesion quality that incorporates contact force (CF), time, and power in a weighted formula. There is a paucity of information on whether AI-guided pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) could improve the outcome in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We evaluated the optimal AI threshold for avoiding acute pulmonary vein reconnection (PVR), and to compare the efficacy of optimal AI-targeted PVI with that of conventional CF-guided PVI. METHODS: Seventy patients with AF (paroxysmal, 67%) were enrolled. In a phase 1 study, the patients underwent conventional CF-guided PVI (CON group), and the optimal AI threshold for avoiding acute PVR was identified. In phase 2, the patients underwent AI-guided PVI (OAI group). We compared the acute PVR rate between the CON group and the OAI group to demonstrate the efficacy of AI-guided PVI. RESULTS: In phase 1 (n = 38), acute PVR was observed in 57 of 532 (10.7%) segments. AI values of ≥ 450 at the anterior/roof segments and of ≥ 350 at the posterior/inferior/carina segments were identified as the optimal AI thresholds for avoiding acute PVR. In the phase 2 study targeting those AI values, the OAI group (n = 32) showed a significantly lower acute PVR rate than the CON group (4.2% vs. 10.7%, p < 0.001). The OAI group showed a higher minimum AI and smaller variations in AI values than the CON group. CONCLUSIONS: Optimal AI-targeted PVI is feasible and could improve the acute outcome in patients with AF. TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT03389074.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Ablação por Radiofrequência/métodos , Animais , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros
5.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 4831, 2019 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30886195

RESUMO

Renal denervation using radiofrequency catheter ablation is known to eliminate the renal sympathetic nerve and to lower blood pressure in patients with resistant hypertension. We sought to investigate the detailed anatomic conformation of the peri-renal arterial sympathetic nerve fibers with living human specimens. Peri-renal arterial tissue was harvested from patients undergoing elective radical or simple nephrectomy. Digital images of each section from the distal arterial bifurcation to the proximal margin were obtained and analyzed after immunohistochemical staining with anti-tyrosine hydroxylase antibodies. A total of 3,075 nerve fibers were identified from 84 sections of peri-renal arterial tissue from 28 patients (mean age 62.5 ± 10.2 years, male 68%). Overall, 16% of nerve fibers were located at distances greater than 3 mm from the endoluminal surface of the renal artery. The median distance from the arterial lumen to the nerve fibers of the proximal, middle, and distal renal arterial segments was 1.51 mm, 1.48 mm, and 1.52 mm, respectively. The median diameter of the nerve fibers was 65 µm, and there was no significant difference between the segments. A substantial proportion of the sympathetic nerve fibers were located deeper in the peri-arterial soft tissue than in the lesion depth created by the conventional catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation system.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Hipertensão/terapia , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Artéria Renal/inervação , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/anatomia & histologia , Fibras Adrenérgicas/fisiologia , Idoso , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Resistência a Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Rim/inervação , Rim/fisiologia , Rim/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia , Artéria Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Renal/fisiologia , Simpatectomia , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/diagnóstico por imagem , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/fisiologia
6.
Korean Circ J ; 49(4): 338-349, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30808078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The association of susceptibility loci for atrial fibrillation (AF) with AF recurrence after ablation has been reported, although with controversial results. In this prospective cohort analysis, we aimed to investigate whether a genetic risk score (GRS) can predict the rhythm outcomes after catheter ablation of AF. METHODS: We determined the association between 20 AF-susceptible single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and AF recurrence after catheter ablation in 746 patients (74% males; age, 59±11 years; 56% paroxysmal AF). A GRS was calculated by summing the unweighted numbers of risk alleles of selected SNPs. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to identify the association between the GRS and risk of AF recurrence after catheter ablation. RESULTS: AF recurrences after catheter ablation occurred in 168 (22.5%) subjects with a median follow-up of 23 months. The GRS was calculated using 5 SNPs (rs1448818, rs2200733, rs6843082, rs6838973 at chromosome 4q25 [PITX2] and rs2106261 at chromosome 16q22 [ZFHX3]), which showed modest associations with AF recurrence. The GRS was significantly associated with AF recurrence (hazard ratio [HR] per each score, 1.13; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-1.24). Patients with intermediate (GRS 4-6) and high risks (GRS 7-10) showed HRs of 2.00 (95% CI, 0.99-4.04) and 2.66 (95% CI, 1.32-5.37), respectively, compared to patients with low risk (GRS 0-3). CONCLUSIONS: Our novel GRS using 5 AF-susceptible SNPs was strongly associated with AF recurrence after catheter ablation in Korean population, beyond clinical risk factors. Further efforts are warranted to construct a generalizable, robust genetic prediction model which can guide the optimal treatment strategies.

7.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 148: 14-22, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30578822

RESUMO

AIMS: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are significant risk factors for incident atrial fibrillation (AF). Few studies have reported the synergistic effect of MetS and CKD on development of AF. We investigated the individual and synergistic effects of MetS and CKD on the risk of incident AF. METHODS: We studied a retrospective cohort comprising 22,886,663 Koreans whose data was obtained from the national health claims database established by the Korean National Health Insurance Service between 2008 and 2013. Patients were classified into a MetS and a CKD group and followed-up until 2016 for new-onset AF. A Cox proportional hazards model assessed the independent and synergistic effect of MetS and CKD on the risk of incident AF. RESULTS: The prevalence of MetS and CKD in these patients was 27.4% and 5.4%, respectively. During a mean follow-up of 5.4 years, AF developed in 225,529 patients (1% of the total cohort). The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for incident AF was 1.38 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.36-1.39) for MetS, and 1.35 (95% CI 1.34-1.37) for CKD. Patients with MetS and CKD showed a higher risk of AF (HR 1.75, 95% CI 1.73-1.78) than that observed in those without MetS and CKD. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of MetS and CKD showed a high risk of development of AF in a large-scale nationwide cohort. Further studies are warranted to determine whether pharmacological and/or lifestyle interventions can control/manage these modifiable risk factors to reduce the risk of development of AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
8.
Circ J ; 83(2): 347-356, 2019 01 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30404976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical characteristics and outcomes of acute heart failure (AHF) according to left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) have not been fully elucidated, especially for patients with mid-range LVEF. We performed a comprehensive comparison of the epidemiology, patterns of in-hospital management, and clinical outcomes in AHF patients with different LVEF categories. Methods and Results: The Korean Acute Heart Failure (KorAHF) registry is a prospective multicenter cohort of hospitalized AHF patients in Korea. A total of 5,374 patients enrolled in the KorAHF registry were classified according to LVEF based on the 2016 ESC guidelines. More than half of the HF patients (58%) had reduced EF (HFrEF), 16% had mid-range EF (HFmrEF), and 25% had preserved EF (HFpEF). The HFmrEF patients showed intermediate epidemiological profiles between HFrEF and HFpEF and had a propensity to present as de-novo HF with ischemic etiology. Patients with lower LVEF had worse short-term outcomes, and the all-cause in-hospital mortality, including urgent heart transplantation, of HFrEF, HFmrEF, and HFpEF was 7.1%, 3.6%, and 3.0%, respectively. Overall, discharged AHF patients showed poor 3-year all-cause death up to 38%, which was comparable between LVEF subgroups (P=0.623). CONCLUSIONS: Each LVEF subgroup of AHF patients was a heterogeneous population with diverse characteristics, which have a significant effect on the clinical outcomes. This finding suggested that focused phenotyping of AHF patients could help identify the optimal management strategy and develop novel effective therapies.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Volume Sistólico , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Cardiol ; 73(2): 108-113, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30360893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identifying patients with acute heart failure (HF) at high risk for readmission or death after hospital discharge will enable the optimization of treatment and management. The objective of this study was to develop a risk score for 30-day HF-specific readmission or death in Korea. METHODS: We analyzed the data from the Korean Acute Heart Failure (KorAHF) registry to develop a risk score. The model was derived from a multiple logistic regression analysis using a stepwise variable selection method. We also proposed a point-based risk score to predict the risk of 30-day HF-specific readmission or death by simply summing the scores assigned to each risk variable. Model performance was assessed using an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test, the net reclassification improvement (NRI), and the integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) index to evaluate discrimination, calibration, and reclassification, respectively. RESULTS: Data from 4566 patients aged ≥40 years were included in the analysis. Among them, 446 (9.8%) had 30-day HF-specific readmission or death. The final model included 12 independent variables (age, New York Heart Association functional class, clinical history of hypertension, HF admission, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, etiology of cardiomyopathy, systolic blood pressure, left ventricular ejection fraction, serum sodium, brain natriuretic peptide, N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide at discharge, and prescription of ß-blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor antagonists at discharge). The point risk score showed moderate discrimination (AUC of 0.710; 95% confidence interval, 0.685-0.735) and good calibration (χ2=8.540, p=0.3826). CONCLUSIONS: The risk score for the prediction of the risk of 30-day HF-specific readmission or death after hospital discharge was developed using 12 predictors. It can be utilized to guide appropriate interventions or care strategies for patients with HF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Morte , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Sistema de Registros , República da Coreia , Fatores de Risco , Função Ventricular Esquerda
10.
PLoS One ; 13(12): e0209687, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30586468

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation are known to have a high risk of mortality. There is a paucity of population-based studies about the impact of atrial fibrillation on the mortality risk stratified by age, sex, and detailed causes of death. METHODS: A total of 15,411 patients with atrial fibrillation from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort were enrolled, and causes of death were identified according to codes of the 10th revision of the International Classification of Diseases. RESULTS: From 2002 to 2013, a total of 4,479 (29%) deaths were confirmed, and the crude mortality rate for all-cause death was 63.3 per 1,000 patient-years. Patients with atrial fibrillation had a 3.7-fold increased risk of all-cause death compared with the general population. The standardized mortality ratio for all-cause death was the highest in young patients and decreased with increasing age (standardized mortality ratio 21.93, 95% confidence interval 7.60-26.26 in patients aged <20 years; standardized mortality ratio 2.77, 95% confidence interval 2.63-2.91 in patients aged ≥80 years). Women with atrial fibrillation exhibited a greater excess mortality risk than men (standardized mortality ratio 3.81, 95% confidence interval 3.65-3.98 in women; standardized mortality ratio 3.35, 95% confidence interval 3.21-3.48 in men). Cardiovascular disease was the leading cause of death (38.5%), and cerebral infarction was the most common specific disease. Patients with atrial fibrillation had an about 5 times increased risk of death due to cardiovascular disease compared with the general population. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with atrial fibrillation had a 4 times increased risk of mortality compared with the general population. However, the impact of atrial fibrillation on mortality decreased with age and in men. Cerebral infarction was the most common cause of death, and more attention should be paid to reducing the risk of stroke.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Infarto Cerebral/mortalidade , Infarto Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Coreia (Geográfico) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Neoplasias/fisiopatologia , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
JACC Heart Fail ; 5(11): 810-819, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29096790

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the relationship between on-treatment blood pressure (BP) and clinical outcomes of patients with heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND: Lower BP has been reported to be related to increased mortality in various cardiovascular diseases. The optimal BP level for patients already experiencing HF is contentious. METHODS: The Korean Acute Heart Failure registry prospectively enrolled a total of 5,625 consecutive patients hospitalized for acute HF in 10 tertiary university hospitals in Korea between March 2011 and February 2014. Clinical profiles including BP were collected at admission, discharge, and during outpatient follow-up. Mean on-treatment BP was calculated from BP at discharge and at each follow-up visit. We evaluated the effects of mean on-treatment BP on the clinical outcomes of patients. RESULTS: Patients were followed up for a median 2.2 years. One-year mortality after discharge was 18.2%. The relationship between on-treatment BP and all-cause mortality followed a reversed J-curve relationship. A nonlinear, multivariable Cox proportional hazard model identified a nadir of systolic and diastolic BPs of 132.4/74.2 mm Hg in patients, for whom the mortality rate was lowest (p < 0.0001). The relationship with increased mortality above and below the reference BP was more definitive for diastolic BP and for HF with a preserved ejection fraction. CONCLUSIONS: Systolic and diastolic BPs <130/70 mm Hg at discharge and during follow-up was associated with worse survival in HF patients. These data suggest that the lowest BP possible might not be an optimal target for HF patients. Further studies should establish a proper BP goal in HF patients. (Registry [Prospective Cohort] for Heart Failure in Korea [KorAHF]; NCT01389843).


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Causas de Morte/tendências , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Polissacarídeos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
12.
Korean Circ J ; 47(3): 341-353, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28567084

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The burden of heart failure has increased in Korea. This registry aims to evaluate demographics, clinical characteristics, management, and long-term outcomes in patients hospitalized for acute heart failure (AHF). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled a total of 5625 consecutive subjects hospitalized for AHF in one of 10 tertiary university hospitals from March 2011 to February 2014. Descriptive statistics were used to determine the baseline characteristics of the study population and to compare them with those from other registries. RESULTS: The mean age was 68.5±14.5 years, 53.2% were male, and 52.2% had de novo heart failure. The mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures were 131.2±30.3 mmHg and 78.6±18.8 mmHg at admission, respectively. The left ventricular ejection fraction was ≤40% in 60.5% of patients. Ischemia was the most frequent etiology (37.6%) and aggravating factor (26.3%). Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers, and aldosterone antagonists were prescribed in 68.8%, 52.2%, and 46.6% of the patients at discharge, respectively. Compared with the previous registry performed in Korea a decade ago, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and heart transplantation have been performed more frequently (ECMO 0.8% vs. 2.8%, heart transplantation 0.3% vs. 1.2%), and in-hospital mortality decreased from 7.6% to 4.8%. However, the total cost of hospital care increased by 40%, and one-year follow-up mortality remained high. CONCLUSION: While the quality of acute clinical care and AHF-related outcomes have improved over the last decade, the long-term prognosis of heart failure is still poor in Korea. Therefore, additional research is needed to improve long-term outcomes and implement cost-effective care.

13.
Int J Cardiol ; 240: 221-227, 2017 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28385358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals are reported to have a marginal increase in cardiovascular risk; however, their atrial fibrillation (AF) risk is unclear. We aimed to assess AF risk in MHO individuals and identify whether AF development is associated with obesity or influenced by metabolic comorbidities. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 389,321 individuals (age, 45.6±14.5years; male, 52.1%) was extracted from the Korean National Health Insurance sample database between 2004 and 2006 and followed-up for new-onset AF until 2013. Subjects with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and/or dyslipidemia were classified as "metabolically unhealthy." The cohort was stratified into four groups according to obesity and metabolic healthiness: metabolically healthy non-obese (MHNO), metabolically unhealthy non-obese (MUNO), MHO, and metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO). RESULTS: AF was newly diagnosed in 5106 (1.3%) individuals during a mean follow-up of 7.5±1.5years. The AF incidence rates for the MHNO, MUNO, MHO, and MUO groups were 0.76, 2.66, 1.10, and 2.88 per 1000 person-years, respectively. Compared with the MHNO group, the MHO group had increased AF risk (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.30; 95% CI, 1.14-1.48) on multivariate analysis. One fourth of the MHO cohort became metabolically unhealthy, contributing to increased AF risk. Obesity was an independent risk factor for AF, and increased AF risk by 20%. Metabolic unhealthiness increased AF risk by around 40%, and of its components, hypertension contributed the most. CONCLUSIONS: MHO individuals are at increased risk for AF development, and obesity was independently associated with elevated AF risk.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna/diagnóstico , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna/epidemiologia , Vigilância da População , Adulto , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna/fisiopatologia , Vigilância da População/métodos , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
14.
Korean Circ J ; 43(11): 713-22, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24363745

RESUMO

Along with the development of innovative stent designs, preclinical trials in animal models are essential. Many animal models have been used and appear to yield comparable results to clinical trials despite substantial criticisms about their validity. Among the animal models, porcine coronary artery models have been the standard models for the preclinical evaluation of endovascular devices. However, rapid growth rate, high body weight potential, and the propensity to develop granulomatous inflammatory reactions are major limitations of the porcine coronary artery model. Compared with porcine coronary artery models, the comparative rabbit iliac artery model has the advantages of being small and easy to handle and relatively inexpensive. Furthermore, the rabbit model has been known to reliably reflect human restenosis histopathologically and have major advantages such as pairwise comparison, which makes each animal serve as its own control subject, therefore, maximizing its statistical power for comparative testing. However, despite the widespread use of this model, a systematic description of the procedure and harvest protocols has never been published. This article describes the surgical procedure, stent implantation procedure, method for tissue harvesting, and how measurements are performed. Although the results of animal models may not perfectly extrapolate to humans, the comparative rabbit iliac artery model may be a useful tool for assessing and comparing the efficacy of new coronary stents with conventional stent systems. This thorough description of the techniques required for vascular access, stent implantation, tissue preparation, and measurement, should aid investigators wishing to begin using the comparative rabbit iliac artery model.

15.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 102: 744-51, 2013 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23107953

RESUMO

Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been identified as a crucial factor for re-endothelialization after stenting, resulting in the prevention of stent thrombosis and neointimal hyperplasia. Because EPCs can be introduced by antibody-antigen interactions, the suitable choice of antibody and the biocompatible surface modification technology including antibody immobilization are essential for developing an EPC-capturing stent. In this study, we fabricated a biofunctional stent with EPC specificity by grafting a hydrophilic polymer and consecutively immobilizing the antibody against vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin) which is one of the specific EPC surface markers. The surface of a stainless steel stent was sequentially modified by acid-treatment, silanization and covalent attachment of polymers not only to improve biocompatibility but also to introduce functional groups on the stent surface. The surface-modified stent immobilized anti-VE-cadherin antibodies, and the EPCs were remarkably captured whereas THP-1s, human acute monocytic leukemia cells, were not adsorbed on the stent. Furthermore, we confirmed that the recruited EPCs developed the endothelial cell layers on the antibody-conjugated stent. These positive in vitro results will encourage the extensive application of biofunctional surface modification technology for a variety of medical devices.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais/citologia , Células-Tronco/citologia , Stents , Caderinas/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Microscopia Confocal , Polímeros/química , Células-Tronco/metabolismo
16.
Korean Circ J ; 42(5): 349-51, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22701136

RESUMO

Ictal asystole is potentially lethal, and known to originate from the involvement of limbic autonomic regions. Appropriate treatment must include an antiepileptic drug and the implantation of a pacemaker. We report the case of a 54-year-old male with recurrent syncope secondary to ictal asystole triggered by temporal lobe epilepsy. This was confirmed by combined Holter and video-electroencephalogram monitoring.

18.
J Cardiovasc Ultrasound ; 19(4): 224-7, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22259670

RESUMO

We describe a 42-year-old man presenting to the emergency department with cardiogenic shock. He had a prior history of acute pulmonary embolism (PE), and had been on anticoagulation for 2 years. Although computed tomographic pulmonary angiography performed at the emergency department showed no change in the extent of PE and did not support a role of surgical treatment, pulmonary embolectomy was recommended by attending physician based on clinical and echocardiographic hemodynamic findings like unstable vital sign and markedly enlarged right ventricle with severely depressed systolic function. Surgery confirmed the presence of fresh thrombi. After surgery, hemodynamic status was progressively improved, but the patient died due to pneumonia and pulmonary hemorrhage.

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