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1.
Pediatr Int ; 2020 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645234

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although many controversies exist regarding the risk of red blood cell (RBC) transfusions, half of preterm infants born at <32 weeks of gestational age receive RBC transfusions because of anemia of prematurity. Because of the costs and risks associated with multiple transfusions, it has been suggested that a large transfusion volume reduces the number of transfusions. However, there have been persistent concerns that RBC transfusion might lead to volume overload. METHODS: We examined the impacts of large (20 mL/kg) compared to standard volume (15 mL/kg) transfusions on the hemodynamic variables of stable, electively transfused, preterm infants, by serially measuring echocardiographic parameters and plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. RESULTS: A total of 39 infants born at <34 weeks of gestation and aged >2 weeks at the time of enrollment were randomly allocated to either a standard volume (15 mL/kg) or a large volume (20 mL/kg) group. Significant reductions in cardiac output and transient increases in plasma BNP levels were found after RBC transfusion in both the standard and large volume (20 mL/kg) groups. However, these changes were not significantly different between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Large volume transfusions could be tolerable in stable preterm infants with anemia.

2.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 43(7): 1104-1110, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404543

RESUMO

Latifolin, a natural flavonoid found in Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen, has been reported to exhibit anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic activities in vitro. However, the anti-aging effects of latifolin are unknown. In this study, we selected a model in vitro system, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced senescence in human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs), to examine the protective effects of latifolin against senescence and the detailed molecular mechanisms involved. Latifolin reversed the senescence-like phenotypes of the oxidant-challenged model, including senescence-associated ß-galactosidase (SA-ß-gal) staining, cell proliferation, and the expression of senescence-related proteins, such as caveolin-1, ac-p53, p21Cip1/WAF1, p16Ink4α, pRb, and cyclinD1. We also found that latifolin induced the expression of silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, and the anti-senescence effect of latifolin was abrogated by SIRT1 inhibition. Latifolin also suppressed the activation of Akt and S6K1 and attenuated the increase in SA-ß-gal activity after H2O2 exposure. Our results indicate that latifolin exerts protective effects against senescence in HDFs and that induction of SIRT1 and inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway are key mediators of its anti-aging effects.

3.
Am J Chin Med ; 48(4): 987-1003, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32431181

RESUMO

Our previous report revealed that Gardenia jasminoides (GJ) has protective effects against acute pancreatitis. So, we examined whether aqueous extract of GJ has anti-inflammation and antifibrotic effects even against cerulein-induced chronic pancreatitis (CP). CP was induced in mice by an intraperitoneal injection of a stable cholecystokinin (CCK) analogue, cerulein, six times a day, four days per week for three weeks. GJ extract (0.1 or 1[Formula: see text]g/kg) or saline (control group) were intraperitoneally injected 1[Formula: see text]h before first cerulein injection. After three weeks of stimulation, the pancreas was harvested for the examination of several fibrotic parameters. In addition, pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) were isolated using gradient methods to examine the antifibrogenic effects of GJ. In the cerulein-induced CP mice, the histological features of the pancreas showed severe tissue damage such as enlarged interstitial spaces, inflammatory cell infiltrate and glandular atrophy, and tissue fibrosis. However, treatment of GJ reduced the severity of CP such as pancreatic edema and inflammatory cell infiltration. Furthermore, treatment of GJ increased pancreatic acinar cell survival, and reduced pancreatic fibrosis and activation of PSC in vivo and in vitro. In addition, GJ treatment inhibited the activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) in the PSCs. These results suggest that GJ attenuated the severity of CP and the pancreatic fibrosis by inhibiting JNK and ERK activation during CP.

4.
Molecules ; 25(9)2020 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349276

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer (PC) is one of the most severe cancers, and its incidence and mortality rates have steadily increased in the past decade. In this study, we demonstrate the effect of Angelica gigas Nakai extract on pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells. We prepared A. gigas Nakai ethanol extract (AGE) using roots of A. gigas Nakai and detected its active compound decursin from AGE by ultra-performance liquid chromatography analysis. AGE and decursin significantly decreased viability and colony formation of PANC-1 and MIA PaCa-2 cells. AGE and decursin induced G0/G1 phase arrest through downregulation of cyclin D1 and cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4). Caspase-3-dependent apoptosis of PANC-1 cells was promoted by AGE and decursin. Additionally, nontoxic concentrations of AGE and decursin treatment could suppress matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 expression and activity by inhibiting p38 phosphorylation. Taken together, this study demonstrates that AGE and decursin have potential properties to be considered in PC treatment.

5.
Pediatr Neonatol ; 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32362475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There has been conflicting evidence for the association between antenatal factors and the development of symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) or failure of pharmacologic treatment, especially for maternal pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) or chorioamnionitis. We assessed the perinatal risk factors of symptomatic PDA in preterm infants and those of secondary ligation in infants with pharmacologic treatment for symptomatic PDA using a national cohort. METHODS: A total of 2961 infants with 22-29 weeks of gestation with symptomatic PDA or no PDA were included from the Korean Neonatal Network database. To identify significant perinatal risk factors associated with symptomatic PDA or secondary ligation, all perinatal factors were included in the univariate and multivariate generalized estimating equation analysis and final model was selected using backward elimination method based on Quasi-likelihood Information Criterion. RESULTS: Lower gestational age (GA), female gender, maternal PIH and surfactant use were significant risk factors of symptomatic PDA. Antenatal corticosteroid use decreased the risk of symptomatic PDA. For secondary ligation, lower GA and cesarean section were significant risk factors. Adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of PIH as a risk factor of symptomatic PDA was 1.56 [95% confidence interval 1.17-2.08]. In the subgroup analysis according to the GA, lower GA, female gender, multiple pregnancy, maternal PIH and surfactant use increased the risk of symptomatic PDA, and histologic chorioamnionitis and antenatal corticosteroid use decreased the risk of symptomatic PDA only in GA 26-29 weeks group. CONCLUSION: Lower GA increased the risk of symptomatic PDA and secondary ligation. Maternal PIH and surfactant use increased the risk of symptomatic PDA; however, antenatal corticosteroid use decreased it. Close observation of the clinical symptoms of PDA is needed in preterm infants with maternal PIH.

6.
Pediatr Neonatol ; 61(2): 174-179, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHFNC) has gained popularity because it is easier to use, more comfortable for babies, and advantageous for mother-infant bonding. HHFNC is not inferior to other non-invasive ventilators for preventing adverse outcomes, but more studies are needed to ensure the safe use of HHFNC as an initial respiratory support for newborns. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for treatment failure of HHFNC as an initial respiratory support in newborns with respiratory distress after birth. METHODS: We included 97 newborns who required non-invasive respiratory support within 24 h after birth. The success group included 68 infants who were successfully managed only on HHFNC, and 29 infants were the failure group who required other respiratory support because of respiratory acidosis, hypoxia, or apnea. RESULTS: Compared with the success group, the failure group had lower GA, a higher rate of antenatal steroid use, prolonged rupture of membrane, lower pH, higher pCO2 on blood-gas analysis after HHFNC application and higher incidence of respiratory distress syndrome of newborn (RDS). After adjusting for GA, higher FiO2 settings during acidosis, hypercarbia after the application of HHFNC shown on blood-gas analysis and the presence of RDS remained significant. The rate of treatment failure was 16.2% for ≥36 weeks, 19.3% for ≥34 weeks, and 22.1% for ≥33 weeks. CONCLUSION: Treatment failure of HHFNC should be considered a risk for newborns of less than 34 weeks and infants with respiratory distress from RDS. Higher FiO2 settings during HHFNC, and acidosis and hypercarbia after the application of HHFNC shown on blood-gas analysis may help identify high-risk newborns for other non-invasive ventilators or intubation.

7.
Pediatr Int ; 62(1): 59-64, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) has recently been used in preterm infants with respiratory distress as an alternative to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) because, theoretically, BiPAP is thought to be more effective than nCPAP. However, the results of some studies comparing nCPAP with BiPAP as the initial respiratory support were controversial. The aim of this study is to compare the clinical effectiveness and safety of nCPAP with BiPAP at gestational ages of 30+0 to 34+6  weeks. METHODS: A total of 93 infants with gestational ages of 30+0 to 34+6  weeks, who presented with respiratory distress within 24 h after birth, were randomized to the nCPAP group or the BiPAP group. The primary outcome was the incidence of treatment failure with these two non-invasive respiratory support devices. Criteria for treatment failure included any of the following: respiratory acidosis (PaCO2 >65 mmHg with pH <7.2), hypoxia (FiO2 >0.4), or apnea (>2-3 episodes of apnea/h). RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in treatment failure between the two groups (P = 0.576). The risk difference comparing treatment failure rate between nCPAP and BiPAP groups was -4.7% (95% CI: -21.5-11.9). CONCLUSIONS: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure is not inferior to BiPAP as an initial management of respiratory distress in these premature infants. We therefore conclude that nCPAP can be used as an initial management for preterm infants at gestational age of between 30 and 35 weeks as a substitute for BiPAP.

8.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 32(8): e22580, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29797734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chimeras are composed of two or more different populations that originated from different zygotes. Blood chimerism arising from twins have been reported in the literature. Herein, we report the first blood group chimerism in triplets. METHODS: ABO blood grouping was carried out by manual tile methods (Merck Millipore, UK) and micro-column agglutination method (Bio-Rad, Cressier sur Morat, Switzerland). Flow cytometric analysis was performed with Anti-A-PE conjugated monoclonal antibodies (BD Biosciences, San Jose, CA, USA) and FACS Canto II (BD Biosciences). Molecular analysis was performed with allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) and direct sequencing of the exons 6 and 7. RESULTS: Mixed-field agglutination and weak agglutination against anti-A were revealed by ABO blood grouping. Flow cytometric analysis revealed the presence of both A cells and O cells. AS-PCR and sequencing showed two neonates with chimerism, with each neonate`s genotype being A102/O01/O02. CONCLUSION: This is the first recorded case of blood chimera from a triplet in Korea. We recommend full investigation of blood group chimerism in neonates with ABO discrepancy, as blood chimerism is subject to certain caution in the clinical environment.


Assuntos
Sistema ABO de Grupos Sanguíneos/genética , Quimerismo , Trigêmeos/genética , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Linhagem , República da Coreia
9.
J Korean Med Sci ; 33(22): e155, 2018 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29805338

RESUMO

Background: This study evaluated echocardiographic changes in full-term healthy neonates during early transitional period from postnatal 0-72 hours at 12-hour intervals by echocardiography. Methods: This was a prospective, observational, and longitudinal single-center cohort study. Morphometric, functional, systolic, diastolic, and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) parameters (patent ductus arteriosus [PDA], aorta, superior vena cava [SVC], stroke volume [SV], cardiac output [CO], cardiac index [CI], early diastolic flow velocity [E], late diastolic flow velocity [A], early filling in TDI [E'], peak systolic annular velocity in TDI [S'], late velocity peak in TDI [A'], and myocardial performance index [MPI]) were evaluated in left ventricle (LV) and right ventricle (RV) with 56 newborns. Results: Sizes and peak velocities of PDA before postnatal 24 hours were significantly changed than those after postnatal 24 hours. Aortic velocity time integral (VTI), systolic blood pressure (BP), LV SV/kg, LV CO/kg, LV CI, and SVC flow/LV CO before 24 hours showed significantly changes than those after 24 hours. Also, LV and RV MPI before 24 hours were significantly higher than those after 24 hours. LV E/E' was significantly higher than RV E/E'. Conclusion: Postnatal 24 hours is critical time for hemodynamic closure of PDA because aortic VTI, systolic BP, LV SV, LV CO, LV CI, and SVC flow/LV CO showed simultaneously significant changes after 24 hours at the same time as 24 hours of physiological closure of PDA. Chronological and dramatic changes of systolic, diastolic, and TDI parameters during early postnatal period can be used to compile normal baseline data of healthy full-term neonates.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Doppler , Hemodinâmica , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/fisiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Nascimento a Termo , Função Ventricular/fisiologia
10.
Korean J Pediatr ; 61(3): 71-77, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29628966

RESUMO

Purpose: Small for gestational age (SGA) is confusingly defined as birth weight (BW) either below 3rd percentile or 10th percentile for infants. This study aimed to compare postnatal catch-up growth between SGA groups according to different definitions. Methods: Data of 129 infants born with BW below the 10th percentile and admitted to Korea University Anam Hospital and Ansan Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Height and weight were measured at 6, 12, and 24 months. Results were compared between group A (BW: <3rd percentile) and group B (BW: 3rd-10th percentile). Results: Group A included 66 infants and group B included 63. At age 6 months (n=122), 62.9% of group A and 71.7% (P=0.303) of group B showed catch-up growth in weight. At 6 months (n=69), 55.9% of group A and 80.0% of group B (P<0.05) showed catch-up growth in height. At 12 months (n=106), 58.5% of group A, and 75.5% (P=0.062) of group B showed catch-up growth in weight. At 12 months (n=75), 52.8% of group A and 64.1% of group B (P=0.320) showed catch-up growth in height. Up to age 24 months, 66.7%/80.0% in group A and 63.6%/80.0% in group B showed catch-up growth in weight/height. Conclusion: Despite different definitions, there were no significant differences between the two SGA groups in postnatal catch-up growth up to age 24 months, except for height at 6 months. Compared to infants with appropriate catch-up growth, low gestational age and BW were risk factors for failed catch-up growth at 6 months.

11.
J Korean Med Sci ; 33(4): e25, 2018 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29318792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In preterm infants, caffeine citrate is used to stimulate breathing before they are weaned from mechanical ventilation and to reduce the frequency of apnea. In recent studies, effects of caffeine on the cardiovascular system have been emphasized in preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). METHODS: This study aimed to assess the short-term hemodynamic effects on systemic blood flow and ductal shunting flow after loading standard doses of intravenous caffeine in preterm infants. Echocardiographic studies were performed by a single investigator, before and at 1 hour and 4 hours after an intravenous infusion of a loading dose as 20 mg/kg caffeine citrate for 30 minutes. RESULTS: In 25 preterm infants with PDA, left ventricular output decreased progressively during 4 hours after caffeine loading. Superior vena cava (SVC) flow decreased and ductal shunting flow increased at 1 hour and then recovered at 4-hour to baseline values. A diameter of PDA significantly decreased only at 4-hour after caffeine loading. There were no significant changes of these hemodynamic parameters in 29 preterm infants without PDA. CONCLUSION: In preterm infants with PDA, a standard intravenous loading dose of 20 mg/kg caffeine citrate was associated with increasing ductal shunting flow and decreasing SVC flow (as a surrogate for systemic blood flow) 1 hour after caffeine loading, however, these hemodynamic parameters recovered at 4 hours according to partial constriction of the ductus arteriosus. Close monitoring of hemodynamic changes would be needed to observe the risk for pulmonary over-circulation or systemic hypo-perfusion due to transient increasing ductal shunting flow during caffeine loading in preterm infants with PDA.


Assuntos
Cafeína/uso terapêutico , Citratos/uso terapêutico , Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/tratamento farmacológico , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração Intravenosa , Peso ao Nascer , Cafeína/farmacologia , Citratos/farmacologia , Canal Arterial/fisiologia , Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Masculino , Veia Cava Superior/fisiologia
12.
Ultrasonography ; 37(2): 129-133, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28736427

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The filum terminale (FT) is a fibrous band that connects the conus medullaris to the posterior body of the coccyx. Considering the advances of ultrasonography (US) technology and improvements in the resolution of US images, we aimed to re-establish the US features of the normal FT in infants younger than 6 months of age. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 30 spinal US scans, stored as video clips. The internal structure of the FT and the marginal echogenicity of the FT were assessed, and transverse and longitudinal US were compared. RESULTS: On US, a central echogenic line was defined in 18 (60%) normal FTs; however, there was no visible internal structure in 12 cases (40%). The marginal echogenicity of the FT was hyperechoic in eight cases (27%) in comparison with the cauda equina and was isoechoic in 22 cases (73%). In differentiating the normal FT from the surrounding nerve roots, transverse US was superior in 18 cases (60%), while longitudinal US was superior in two cases (7%). CONCLUSION: On US, the central canal of the FT was defined in 60% of normal FTs. Hyperechoic marginal echogenicity and the use of transverse US were helpful in distinguishing the normal FT from the nerve roots of the cauda equina.

13.
Korean J Pediatr ; 60(6): 175-180, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28690644

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Plasma level of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), an emerging, sensitive, and specific biomarker of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), rapidly decreases in infants receiving cyclooxygenase inhibitors for ductal closure. We investigated the usefulness of serial BNP measurement as a guide for individual identification of early constrictive responses to ibuprofen in preterm infants with symptomatic PDA (sPDA). METHODS: Before March 2010, the standard course of pharmacological treatment was initiated with indomethacin (or ibuprofen) and routinely followed by 2 additional doses at intervals of 24 hours. After April 2010, individualized pharmacological treatment was used, starting with the first dose of ibuprofen and withholding additional ibuprofen doses if the BNP concentration was <600 pg/mL and clinical symptoms of PDA improved. RESULTS: The BNP-guided group received significantly fewer doses of ibuprofen than the standard group did during the first course of treatment and the entire study period. The need for further doses of cyclooxygenase inhibitors and for surgical ligation was not significantly different between the 2 groups. No significant differences were seen in clinical outcomes and/or complications related to sPDA and/or pharmacological treatment. CONCLUSION: Individualized BNP-guided pharmacological treatment may be used clinically to avoid unnecessary doses of cyclooxygenase inhibitors without increasing the ductal closure failure and the short-term morbidity related to sPDA.

14.
J Paediatr Child Health ; 53(6): 592-597, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28573803

RESUMO

AIM: Sufficient sleep is an important factor in physical and mental health. Sleep duration can be affected by socio-economic status (SES). This study aimed to examine the association between sleep duration and SES in Korean adolescents. METHODS: This study was conducted with 1608 adolescents aged 12-18 years, based on data from the 2010 to 2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Sleep duration was self-reported in hours and three SES indicators were used: household income, basic livelihood security programmes and type of health insurance. Confounding factors in this study were age, mental health and physical activity. RESULTS: Participants' average age was 15.6 ± 0.05 years and average sleep duration was 7.04 ± 0.05 h. There was a strong association between sleep duration and household income (P < 0.05) rather than other socio-economic indicators. In addition, it showed that sleep duration was significantly associated with age, body mass index (P < 0.05) and low mood is associated with short sleep and long sleep (>9 h/night). We found similar results in both genders, that is, that the highest income group had shorter sleep duration than the lowest income group. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that the SES, particularly household income, is an important factor in short sleep duration in Korean adolescents. Our findings suggest that, in future investigations of the adolescent's sleep problem, attention should be paid to household income.


Assuntos
Renda , Qualidade de Vida , Autorrelato , Sono/fisiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , República da Coreia , Medição de Risco , Classe Social , Fatores de Tempo
15.
J Korean Med Sci ; 32(4): 650-655, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28244292

RESUMO

Heated, humidified, high-flow nasal cannula (HHFNC) is frequently used as a noninvasive respiratory support for preterm infants with respiratory distress. But there are limited studies that compares HHFNC with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) only as the initial treatment of respiratory distress in preterm infants immediately after birth. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of HHFNC compared to nCPAP for the initial treatment of preterm infants with respiratory distress. Preterm infants at between 30 and 35 weeks of gestational age were randomized to HHFNC or nCPAP when they showed respiratory distress in less than 24 hours of age postnatally. Preterm infants who needed invasive respiratory supports were excluded. Primary outcome was the incidence of treatment failure (defined as need for the intubation or mechanical ventilation). Eighty-five infants were analyzed. Sixteen of 42 infants randomized to HHFNC showed treatment failure compared to 9 of 43 infants using nCPAP (Risk difference 17.17 [-1.90-36.23]; P = 0.099). In terms of the reason for treatment failure, the frequency of hypoxia was significantly higher in the HHFNC group than in the nCPAP group (P = 0.020). There was no difference between the 2 groups in terms of respiratory and clinical outcomes and complications. Although HHFNC is safe compared to nCPAP, it is not certain that HHFNC is effective compared to nCPAP non-inferiorly as an initial respiratory support in preterm infants with respiratory distress.


Assuntos
Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas , Ventilação não Invasiva , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/terapia , Bacteriemia/etiologia , Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas/efeitos adversos , Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/etiologia , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Ventilação não Invasiva/efeitos adversos , Falha de Tratamento
16.
Korean J Pediatr ; 60(1): 10-16, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28203255

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although procalcitonin (PCT) level is useful for the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis, PCT reliability is inconsistent because of the varied conditions encountered in neonatal intensive care units. This study aimed to investigate PCT levels and factors influencing increased PCT levelin newborns without bacterial infection during the first week of life. METHODS: In newborns hospitalized between March 2013 and October 2015, PCT levels were measured on the first, third, and seventh days after birth. Newborns with proven bacterial (blood culture positive for bacteria) or suspicious infection (presence of C-reactive protein expression or leukocytosis/leukopenia) were excluded. Various neonatal conditions were analyzed to identify the factors influencing increased PCT level. RESULTS: Among 292 newborns with a gestational age of 35.2±3.0 weeks and a birth weight of 2,428±643 g, preterm newborns (n=212) had higher PCT levels than term newborns (n=80). Of the newborns, 7.9% had increased PCT level (23 of 292) on the firstday; 28.3% (81 of 286), on the third day; and 3.3% (7 of 121), on the seventh day after birth. The increased PCT level was significantly associated with prenatal disuse of antibiotics (P=0.004) and surfactant administration (P<0.001) on the first day after birth, postnatal use of antibiotics (P=0.001) and ventilator application (P=0.001) on the third day after birth, and very low birth weight (P=0.042) on the seventh day after birth. CONCLUSION: In newborns without bacterial infection, increased PCT level was significantly associated with lower gestational age and respiratory difficulty during the first week of life. Further studies are needed for clinical applications.

17.
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 35(1): 46-53, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27362407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: TThe environment of a pregnant woman can affect not only fetal growth and development, but also diseases in childhood. Neonatal cord blood cytokines are commonly used to evaluate the immune development of neonates. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of the environment and diet during pregnancy on IL-4 and IFN-γ in neonatal cord blood. METHOD: A total of 111 pregnant women participated in this study from April to November 2010. Allergy history, sensitization assessed by the skin prick test, dietary intake and indoor environment were evaluated. IL-4 and IFN-γ levels were measured in the complete cord blood of neonates using real-time PCR. RESULTS: There were 54 pregnant women with allergic disease. Both IL-4 and IFN-γ levels in neonatal cord blood were higher in samples from allergic mothers than in non-allergic mothers (p<0.05). The indoor environment and nutrient intake were not different between allergic and non-allergic mothers, except regarding carpet use. When the cytokine levels were divided into quartiles, lower folate and vitamin B6 intake was associated with the highest levels of IL-4 in neonatal cord blood (p<0.05), and higher folate and vitamin B6 intake was associated with highest levels of IFN-γ in neonatal cord blood. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, a strong association between IL-4 and IFN-γ levels in cord blood and the intake of folate and vitamin B6 was found, which indicates that food intake during pregnancy might have a strong influence on IL-4 and IFN-γ levels in cord blood, to a greater extent than environmental factors.


Assuntos
Dieta , Sangue Fetal/imunologia , Interferon gama/sangue , Interleucina-4/sangue , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/sangue , Adulto , Poluentes Ambientais , Feminino , Sangue Fetal/química , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/imunologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
18.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; 11(3): 389-393, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27682008

RESUMO

The Sewol ferry disaster is one of the most tragic events in Korea's modern history. Among the 476 people on board, which included Danwon High School students (324) and teachers (14), 304 passengers died in the disaster (295 recovered corpses and 9 missing) and 172 survived. Of the rescued survivors, 72 were attending Danwon High School, located in Ansan City, and residing in a residence nearby. Because the students were young, emotionally susceptible adolescents, both the government and the parents requested the students be grouped together at a single hospital capable of appropriate psychiatric care. Korea University Ansan Hospital was the logical choice, as the only third-tier university-grade hospital with the necessary faculty and facilities within the residential area of the families of the students. We report the experiences and the lessons learned from the processes of preparing for and managing the surviving young students as a community-based hospital. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2017;11:389-393).


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres/métodos , Hospitais Comunitários/tendências , Incidentes com Feridos em Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Navios , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Planejamento em Desastres/tendências , Hospitais Comunitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidentes com Feridos em Massa/mortalidade , República da Coreia , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos , Ondas de Maré
19.
Molecules ; 21(9)2016 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27618887

RESUMO

Arctigenin (ARC) has been shown to have an anti-cancer effect in various cell types and tissues. However, there have been no studies concerning metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we investigated the anti-metastatic properties of ARC on colorectal metastasis and present a potential candidate drug. ARC induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in CT26 cells through the intrinsic apoptotic pathway via MAPKs signaling. In several metastatic phenotypes, ARC controlled epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) through increasing the expression of epithelial marker E-cadherin and decreasing the expressions of mesenchymal markers; N-cadherin, vimentin, ß-catenin, and Snail. Moreover, ARC inhibited migration and invasion through reducing of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 expressions. In an experimental metastasis model, ARC significantly inhibited lung metastasis of CT26 cells. Taken together, our study demonstrates the inhibitory effects of ARC on colorectal metastasis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Furanos/farmacologia , Lignanas/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Metástase Neoplásica
20.
Korean J Pediatr ; 59(4): 183-9, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27186229

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the correlation, according to postnatal age, between plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and echocardiographic parameters for the assessment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants with respiratory distress. METHODS: We enrolled 42 preterm infants with respiratory distress who underwent serial echocardiographic evaluation with simultaneous plasma BNP measurements until ductal closure. The correlations between BNP levels and the following 4 representative echocardiographic parameters were studied: diameter of the ductus arteriosus (DA), ratio of the left atrial diameter to the aortic diameter (LA/Ao), ratio of the PDA diameter to the infant's left pulmonary artery diameter (PDA/LPA), and the antegrade diastolic flow of LPA (DFLPA). RESULTS: BNP levels were significantly correlated to the magnitude of the ductal shunt, comprising the DA diameter, PDA/LPA ratio, LA/Ao ratio, and antegrade DFLPA for the overall study period. The earliest significant correlation, starting from postnatal day 2, was observed between the LA/Ao ratio and BNP levels. The PDA/LPA ratio and the antegrade DFLPA showed significant correlations with BNP levels postnatal day 3 onward, and with the DA diameter, postnatal day 5 onward. CONCLUSION: BNP levels and echocardiographic parameters showed a positive correlation, but the significance of the correlations differed according to the postnatal age, especially during the first few days of life.

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