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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730289

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The risk of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) can be mitigated by proton pump inhibitor (PPI) co-therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) treated with anticoagulants. We aimed to evaluate the effect of PPIs on the risk of GIB in Asian patients with AF, treated with oral anticoagulants (OACs), and with a prior history of upper GIB. METHODS: Using a nationwide claims database, OAC-naïve patients with AF and a history of upper GIB before initiating OAC treatment between January 2010 and April 2018 were included. Patients were categorized into 10 groups according to the index OAC (warfarin, rivaroxaban, dabigatran, apixaban, and edoxaban) and whether or not they received PPI co-therapy, and were followed up for incidence of major GIB. RESULTS: Among a total of 42,048 patients, 40% were prescribed PPIs as co-therapy with OACs. Over a median 0.6 years (interquartile ranges 0.2-1.7 years) of follow-up, rivaroxaban use without PPIs showed the highest crude incidence of major GIB (2.62 per 100 person-years), followed by the use of warfarin without a PPI (2.20 per 100 person-years). Compared to the patients without PPI use, PPI co-therapy was associated with a significantly lower risk of major GIB, by 40% and 36%, in the rivaroxaban and warfarin groups, respectively. In dabigatran, apixaban, and edoxaban users, PPI co-therapy did not show a significant reduction in the risk of major GIB. CONCLUSION: Among patients with AF receiving anticoagulant treatment and with a prior history of upper GIB, PPI co-therapy was associated with a significant reduction in the risk of major GIB in patients treated with rivaroxaban and warfarin.

3.
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng ; PP2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33687832

RESUMO

GOAL: The catheter-based renal denervation (RDN) showed promising results for patients in lowering BP, but there were also many non-responders. One of the possible reasons was the incomplete neural ablation due to the ablation of renal nerves at random sites resulting in asymmetric innervation patterns along the renal artery. METHODS: We developed a laparoscopic ablation system that is optimized for complete RDN regardless of renal arterial innervation and size. To demonstrate its effectiveness, we evaluated the system using computational simulation and 28-day survival model using pigs. RESULTS: The ablations were focused around the tunica externa, and the ablation patterns could be predicted numerically during RDN treatment. In the animal study, the mean reduction of systolic BP and diastolic BP in the bilateral main renal arteries was 22.8 mmHg and 14.4 mmHg (P<0.001), respectively. The respond to immunostaining targeting tyrosine hydroxylase was significantly reduced at treatment site (108.2 7.5 (control) vs. 63.4 8.7 (treatment), P<0.001), and an increased degree of sympathetic signals interruption to kidneys was associated with the efficacy of RDN. CONCLUSION: The laparoscopic ablation system achieved complete circumferential RDN at the treatment site and could numerically predict the ablation patterns. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings clearly suggest that the proposed system can significantly improve the RDN effectiveness by reducing the variation to the percentage of injured nerves and open up a new opportunity to treat uncontrolled hypertension.

4.
Korean Circ J ; 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33764010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Antithrombotic therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) has changed in recent years with new data from large randomized trials and updates to clinical guidelines. This study aimed to investigate the trends in periprocedural antithrombotic regimens in Korean patients with AF undergoing PCI with non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs). METHODS: Using the claims database of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment during 2013-2018, 27,594 patients with AF undergoing PCI were identified. The annual prevalence of PCI and prescriptions of each antithrombotic agent, including antiplatelet agents and oral anticoagulants, within 30 days after PCI were investigated. RESULTS: During 2013-2018, the number of patients with AF undergoing PCI increased up to 1.3-fold (from 3,913 to 5,075 patients per year). After the introduction of NOACs, the proportion of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) decreased from 71.9% to 49.8% but still occupied the largest proportion among antithrombotic regimens. Triple antithrombotic therapy (TAT) use increased from 25.4% to 46.0%, and NOAC has rapidly replaced warfarin as the oral anticoagulant of choice. TAT was preferred to DAPT for patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥2. Among various factors, prior intracranial hemorrhage was the most powerful predictor of favoring DAPT use over TAT. CONCLUSION: Since the introduction of NOACs, the patterns of periprocedural antithrombotic regimens have changed rapidly toward more use of TAT, specifically with NOAC-based regimen. Appropriate stroke prevention with oral anticoagulants is still underutilized in patients with AF undergoing PCI in Korea.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 3737, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580177

RESUMO

We evaluated the association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and incident atrial fibrillation (AF) and analyzed the impact of NAFLD on AF risk in relation to body mass index (BMI). A total of 8,048,055 subjects without significant liver disease who were available fatty liver index (FLI) values were included. Subjects were categorized into 3 groups based on FLI: < 30, 30 to < 60, and ≥ 60. During a median 8-year of follow-up, 534,442 subjects were newly diagnosed as AF (8.27 per 1000 person-years). Higher FLI was associated with an increased risk of AF (hazard ratio [HR] 1.053, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.046-1.060 in 30 ≤ FLI < 60, and HR 1.115, 95% CI 1.106-1.125 in FLI ≥ 60). In underweight subjects (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2), higher FLI raised the risk of AF (by 1.6-fold in 30 ≤ FLI < 60 and by twofold in FLI ≥ 60). In normal- and overweight subjects, higher FLI was associated with an increased risk of AF, but the HRs were attenuated. In obese subjects, higher FLI was not associated with higher risk of AF. NAFLD as assessed by FLI was independently associated with an increased risk of AF in nonobese subjects with BMI < 25 kg/m2. The impact of NAFLD on AF risk was accentuated in lean subjects with underweight.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 4676, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33633333

RESUMO

We evaluated the impacts of lifestyle behaviors, namely smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity, on the development of new-onset AF in patients with DM. Using the Korean Nationwide database, we identified subjects diagnosed with type 2 DM and without previous history of AF between 2009 and 2012. Self-reported lifestyle behaviors were analyzed. Among 2,551,036 included subjects, AF was newly diagnosed in 73,988 patients (median follow-up 7.1 years). Both ex-smokers (hazard ratio [HR] 1.05, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-1.07) and current smokers (HR 1.06, 95% CI 1.03-1.08) demonstrated a higher risk of AF than never smokers. Patients with moderate (15-29 g/day) (HR 1.12, 95% CI 1.09-1.15) and heavy (≥ 30 g/day) (HR 1.24, 95% CI 1.21-1.28) alcohol consumption exhibited an increased risk of AF, while subjects with mild alcohol consumption (< 15 g/day) (HR 1.01, 95% CI 0.99-1.03) had an AF risk similar to that of non-drinkers. Patients who engaged in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity showed a lower risk of AF (HR 0.93, 95% CI 0.91-0.94) than those who did not. This study suggests that smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity are associated with new-onset AF in patients with DM, and lifestyle management might reduce the risk of AF in this population.

7.
ESC Heart Fail ; 8(2): 1582-1589, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33634593

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to elucidate the risk for stroke and systemic embolism (SE) in patients with atrial fibrillation and heart failure (HF) according to HF type. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 10 780 patients with atrial fibrillation were enrolled in a multicentre prospective registry and divided according to HF type: no-HF, HF with preserved ejection fraction (EF) (HFpEF), HF with mid-range EF (HFmrEF), and HF with reduced EF (HFrEF). Each group included 237 age-matched and sex-matched patients (age, 69.0 ± 10.3 years; men, 69.6%). The baseline characteristics, cumulative incidence, and hazard ratios for stroke/SE and major bleeding were compared across the groups. Patients with HF accounted for 10.3% of the total population; HFpEF, HFmrEF, and HFrEF represented 43.7%, 23.6%, and 32.7% of the patients with HF, respectively. The CHA2 DS2 -VASc score was significantly higher in the HFpEF, HFmrEF, and HFrEF groups than in the no-HF group. The annual stroke/SE incidence rates were 2.8%, 0.7%, 1.1%, and 0.9% in the HFpEF, HFmrEF, HFrEF, and no-HF groups, respectively. The cumulative incidence of stroke/SE was significantly highest in the HFpEF group at 22.8 ± 10.0 months (P = 0.020). The stroke/SE risk was higher in the HFpEF group than in the HFmrEF and HFrEF groups (hazard ratio, 3.192; 95% confidence interval, 1.039-9.810; P = 0.043). E/e' value was an independent risk factor for stroke/SE. There were no significant differences in the incidence of major bleeding across the groups. CONCLUSIONS: The stroke/SE risk was the highest in the HFpEF group and comparable between the HFmrEF and HFrEF groups.

8.
Stroke ; 52(2): 521-530, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33423512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The influence of body mass index (BMI) on clinical outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation remains controversial, especially among Asians. We aimed to evaluate the association between BMI and clinical outcomes in Asian patients with atrial fibrillation receiving oral anticoagulants. METHODS: Using the Korean National Health Insurance database between January 2015 and December 2017, we identified oral anticoagulant new users among patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who had BMI information. We analyzed ischemic stroke, intracranial hemorrhage, hospitalization for gastrointestinal bleeding, major bleeding, all-cause death, and the composite clinical outcome according to BMI categories. RESULTS: A total of 43 173 patients were included across BMI categories (kg/m2): underweight (<18.5) in 3%, normal (18.5 to <23) in 28%, overweight (23 to <25) in 24%, obese I (25 to <30) in 39%, and obese II (≥30) in 6%. Higher BMI (per 5 kg/m2 increase) was significantly associated with lower risks of ischemic stroke (hazard ratio [HR], 0.891 [95% CI, 0.801-0.992]), hospitalization for gastrointestinal bleeding (HR, 0.785 [95% CI, 0.658-0.937]), major bleeding (HR, 0.794 [95% CI, 0.686-0.919]), all-cause death (HR, 0.658 [95% CI, 0.605-0.716]), and the composite clinical outcome (HR, 0.751 [95% CI, 0.706-0.799]), except for intracranial hemorrhage (HR, 0.815 [95% CI, 0.627-1.061]). The underweight group was associated with an increased risk of composite clinical outcome (HR, 1.398 [95% CI, 1.170-1.671]), mainly driven by an increased risk of all-cause death. The effects of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant versus warfarin on clinical outcomes were similar across BMI groups. CONCLUSIONS: Higher BMI was independently associated with a lower risk of ischemic stroke, major bleeding, and better survival. Underweight patients had a higher risk of all-cause death and composite clinical outcome. The optimal BMI for patients with atrial fibrillation should be defined and managed according to an integrated care pathway.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471125

RESUMO

AIMS: To compare the effectiveness and safety of off-label underdosed apixaban with on-label standard dose apixaban in Asian patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the Korean nationwide claims database, we identified patients who were prescribed apixaban and did not fulfil the dose reduction criteria for apixaban between January 2015 and December 2017. A multivariable Cox hazard regression model was performed, and hazard ratios (HRs) for ischemic stroke, major bleeding (MB), all-cause death, and composite outcome were analysed. Compared to patients prescribed on-label standard dose apixaban (n = 4,194), patients prescribed off-label underdosed apixaban (n = 2,890) showed a higher risk of ischemic stroke (adjusted HR [aHR], 1.38; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.06-1.81), all-cause death (aHR, 1.19; 95% CI, 1.01-1.39), and the composite outcome (aHR, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.03-1.34), but with no significant differences in MB between the two groups. Among the patients who did not meet any dose reduction criteria, off-label underdosed apixaban use was associated with a significantly higher risk of ischemic stroke than on-label standard dose apixaban use (aHR, 1.85; 95% CI, 1.25-2.73). Among the patients who met a single dose reduction criterion, off-label underdosed apixaban use was associated with a higher risk of all-cause death than on-label standard dose apixaban (aHR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.07-1.64). CONCLUSION: The off-label underdosed apixaban group showed higher risks of ischemic stroke, all-cause death, and composite clinical outcomes than the on-label standard dose apixaban group, but both showed comparable risks of MB. Label-adherence to apixaban dosing should be emphasised to achieve the best clinical outcomes for Asian patients with AF.

10.
Hypertension ; 77(3): 919-928, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486985

RESUMO

The association between the cumulative hypertension burden and the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) is unclear. We aimed to investigate the relationship between hypertension burden and the development of incident AF. Using the Korean National Health Insurance Service database, we identified 3 726 172 subjects who underwent 4 consecutive annual health checkups between 2009 and 2013, with no history of AF. During the median follow-up of 5.2 years, AF was newly diagnosed in 22 012 patients (0.59% of the total study population; 1.168 per 1000 person-years). Using the blood pressure (BP) values at each health checkup, we determined the burden of hypertension (systolic BP ≥130 mm Hg or diastolic BP ≥80 mm Hg), stratified as 0 to 4 per the hypertension criteria. The subjects were grouped according to hypertension burden scale 1 to 4: 20% (n=742 806), 19% (n=704 623), 19% (n=713 258), 21% (n=766 204), and 21% (n=799 281). Compared with normal people, subjects with hypertension burdens of 1, 2, 3, and 4 were associated with an 8%, 18%, 26%, and 27% increased risk of incident AF, respectively. On semiquantitative analyses with further stratification of stage 1 (systolic BP of 130-139 mm Hg or diastolic BP of 80-89 mm Hg) and stage 2 (systolic BP ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic BP ≥90 mm Hg) hypertension, the risk of AF increased with the hypertension burden by up to 71%. In this study, both a sustained exposure and the degree of increased BP were associated with an increased risk of incident AF. Tailored BP management should be emphasized to reduce the risk of AF.

11.
Ann Clin Transl Neurol ; 8(1): 238-246, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389803

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder associated with various morbidities. Although the relationship between cardiovascular disease and PD has been studied, a paucity of information on PD and atrial fibrillation (AF) association exists. Thus, we aimed to investigate whether patients with PD have an increased risk of AF. METHODS: This study included 57,585 patients with newly diagnosed PD (≥40-year-old, mean age 69.7 years, men 40.2%) and without a history of AF from the Korean National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) database between 2010 and 2015. Furthermore, an equal number of age- and sex-matched subjects without PD were selected for comparison. The primary outcome was new-onset AF. RESULTS: During the mean follow-up period of 3.4 ± 1.8 years, AF was newly diagnosed in 3,665 patients. A significantly higher incidence rate of AF was noted among patients with PD than among patients without PD (10.75 and 7.86 per 1000 person-year, respectively). Multivariate Cox-regression analysis revealed that PD was an independent risk factor for AF (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.27, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.18-1.36). Furthermore, subgroup analyses revealed that AF risk was higher in the younger age subgroups, and compared with the non-PD group, the youngest PD group (age: 40-49 years) had a threefold increased risk of AF (HR: 3.06, 95% CI: 1.20-7.77). INTERPRETATION: Patients with PD, especially the younger age subgroups, have an increased risk of AF. Active surveillance and management of AF should be considered to prevent further complications.

12.
Heart Rhythm ; 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The predictors of ischemic stroke in "low-risk" patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) (CHA2DS2-VASc score 0 in men or 1 in women) are debated. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with ischemic stroke in low-risk patients with AF. Imaging characteristics of their ischemic strokes were also evaluated. METHODS: This was a matched case-control study conducted at a single tertiary institution. We identified 44 patients with de novo ischemic stroke and incidentally found AF with a low-risk CHA2DS2-VASc score. A 1:5 age- and sex-matched control group was selected for patients with AF and a low-risk CHA2DS2-VASc score but without ischemic stroke and oral anticoagulant therapy. Conditional multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the predictors. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in age, sex, body mass index, comorbidities, left atrial size, and left ventricular ejection fraction. Smokers were more prevalent in the stroke group than in the nonstroke group (24 of 44 [54.5%] vs 22 of 220 [10.0%]; P < .001). Additionally, the mean white blood cell count was significantly higher in the stroke group (P = .019). In conditional univariate logistic regression analysis, smoking and white blood cell count were significant predictors of stroke. In multivariate analysis, smoking was the only significantly associated factors (matched odds ratio 9.10; 95% confidence interval 2.48-33.42). In the stroke group, 14 of 44 patients (31.8%) had multiple vascular territory infarcts. CONCLUSION: Smoking was the predictor associated with ischemic stroke in patients with AF and a low-risk CHA2DS2-VASc score.

13.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 20(1): 20, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33468142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components are associated with the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the impact of time-burden of MetS on the risk of AF is unknown. We investigated the effect of the cumulative longitudinal burden of MetS on the development of AF. METHODS: We included 2 885 189 individuals without AF who underwent four annual health examinations during 2009-2013 from the database of the Korean national health insurance service. Metabolic burdens were evaluated in the following three ways: (1) cumulative number of MetS diagnosed at each health examination (0-4 times); (2) cumulative number of each MetS component diagnosed at each health examination (0-4 times per MetS component); and (3) cumulative number of total MetS components diagnosed at each health examination (0 to a maximum of 20). The risk of AF according to the metabolic burden was estimated using Cox proportional-hazards models. RESULTS: Of all individuals, 62.4%, 14.8%, 8.7%, 6.5%, and 7.6% met the MetS diagnostic criteria 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 times, respectively. During a mean follow-up of 5.3 years, the risk of AF showed a positive association with the cumulative number of MetS diagnosed over four health examinations: adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of 1, 2, 3, and 4 times compared to 0 times were 1.18 (1.13-1.24), 1.31 (1.25-1.39), 1.46 (1.38-1.55), and 1.72 (1.63-1.82), respectively; P for trend < 0.001. All five components of MetS, when diagnosed repeatedly, were independently associated with an increased risk of AF: adjusted HR (95% CI) from 1.22 (1.15-1.29) for impaired fasting glucose to 1.96 (1.87-2.07) for elevated blood pressure. As metabolic components were accumulated from 0 to 20 counts, the risk of AF also gradually increased up to 3.1-fold (adjusted HR 3.11, 95% CI 2.52-3.83 in those with 20 cumulative components of MetS), however, recovery from MetS was linked to a decreased risk of AF. CONCLUSIONS: Given the positive correlations between the cumulative metabolic burdens and the risk of incident AF, maximal effort to detect and correct metabolic derangements even before MetS development might be important to prevent AF and related cardiovascular diseases.

14.
Stroke ; 52(2): 511-520, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Limited data support the benefits of non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) among atrial fibrillation patients with prior gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB). We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of NOACs compared with those of warfarin among atrial fibrillation patients with prior GIB. METHODS: Oral anticoagulant-naive individuals with atrial fibrillation and prior GIB between January 2010 and April 2018 were identified from the Korean claims database. NOAC users were compared with warfarin users by balancing covariates using the inverse probability of treatment weighting method. The primary outcomes were ischemic stroke, major bleeding, and the composite outcome (combined ischemic stroke and major bleeding). Fatal events from each outcome were evaluated as secondary outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 42 048 patients were included (24 781 in the NOAC group and 17 267 in the warfarin group). The mean time from prior GIB to the initiation of oral anticoagulant was 3.1±2.6 years. After inverse probability of treatment weighting, baseline characteristics were balanced between the two groups (mean age, 72 years; men, 56.8%; and mean CHA2DS2-VASc score, 3.7). Lower risks of ischemic stroke, major bleeding, and the composite outcome were associated with NOAC use than with warfarin use (weighted hazard ratio, 0.608 [95% CI, 0.543-0.680]; hazard ratio, 0.731 [95% CI, 0.642-0.832]; and hazard ratio, 0.661 [95% CI, 0.606-0.721], respectively). For all secondary outcomes, NOACs showed greater risk reductions compared with warfarin. CONCLUSIONS: NOACs were associated with lower risks of ischemic stroke and major bleeding than warfarin among atrial fibrillation patients with prior GIB.

15.
Europace ; 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33227134

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between alcohol consumption and atrial fibrillation (AF)-related adverse events in the AF population. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 9411 patients with nonvalvular AF in a prospective observational registry were categorized into four groups according to the amount of alcohol consumption-abstainer-rare, light (<100 g/week), moderate (100-200 g/week), and heavy (≥200 g/week). Data on adverse events (ischaemic stroke, transient ischaemic attack, systemic embolic event, or AF hospitalization including for AF rate or rhythm control and heart failure management) were collected for 17.4 ± 7.3 months. A Cox proportional hazard models was performed to calculate hazard ratios (HRs), and propensity score matching was conducted to validate the results. The heavy alcohol consumption group showed an increased risk of composite adverse outcomes [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 1.32, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.06-1.66] compared with the reference group (abstainer-rare group). However, no significant increased risk for adverse outcomes was observed in the light (aHR 0.88, 95% CI 0.68-1.13) and moderate (aHR 0.91, 95% CI 0.63-1.33) groups. In subgroup analyses, adverse effect of heavy alcohol consumption was significant, especially among patients with low CHA2DS2-VASc score, without hypertension, and in whom ß-blocker were not prescribed. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that heavy alcohol consumption increases the risk of adverse events in patients with AF, whereas light or moderate alcohol consumption does not.

16.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19224, 2020 11 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33154443

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the association between the combination of unhealthy lifestyle and risk of AF. Subjects aged 66 years who underwent health examination from 2009 to 2015 were included. The cohort was divided into 8 groups by the combination of unhealthy lifestyle including current smoking, heavy drinking (> 30 g/day), and lack of regular exercise, and followed up for new-onset AF till December 31, 2017. Among 1,719,401 subjects, 47,334 had incident AF (5.5 per 1000 person-years) during a 5-year mean follow-up period. Lack of regular exercise was the most powerful factor to be associated with a higher risk of AF as a single factor (adjusted hazard ratio 1.11, 95% confidence interval 1.08-1.13). Amongst combinations of two unhealthy lifestyle factors, current smoking with heavy drinking, lack of regular exercise with heavy drinking, and lack of regular exercise with current smoking were associated with a 6%, 15%, and 20% higher risks of AF, respectively. A cluster of three unhealthy lifestyle components was associated with a 22% higher risk of AF. Increased numbers of unhealthy lifestyle factors were associated with a higher risk of incident AF. These findings support the promotion of a healthy lifestyle to lower the risk of new-onset AF.

17.
Open Heart ; 7(2)2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Real-world data about treatment convenience and satisfaction in Asian non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients after switching from vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) to non-VKA oral anticoagulants were evaluated. METHODS: In this non-interventional study involving 49 sites across five countries in Southeast Asia and South Korea, 379 stable NVAF patients who switched from VKA therapy to dabigatran during routine clinical practice were recruited and followed up for 6 months. Treatment convenience and satisfaction were evaluated using Perception on Anticoagulant Treatment Questionnaire-2 (PACT-Q2). Through post hoc analysis, factors associated with improved treatment convenience scores at visit 2 were described. RESULTS: Treatment convenience and satisfaction significantly improved after switching from VKAs to dabigatran at visit 2 and visit 3 (convenience: p<0.001 each vs baseline; satisfaction: p=0.0174 (visit 2), p=0.0004 (visit 3) compared with baseline). Factors predictive of higher (>80th percentile) response on treatment convenience were female sex, younger age (<75 years), higher baseline stroke risk, higher creatinine clearance and absence of concomitant hypertension, stroke or gastrointestinal diseases. CONCLUSION: Dabigatran was associated with a significant improvement in treatment convenience and satisfaction after switching from VKAs when used for stroke prevention in NVAF patients from Southeast Asia and South Korea.

18.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19720, 2020 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184427

RESUMO

Catheter-based renal denervation (RDN) was introduced to treat resistant hypertension. However, the reduction in blood pressure after the RDN was modest. Catheter-based RDN was performed only at main renal arteries, except for accessory and branch arteries due to the diameter being too small for the catheter to approach. Here, we retrospectively analyzed the anatomy of diverse renal arteries via 64-channel multi-detector computed tomography angiograms of 314 consecutive donors who underwent living donor nephrectomy from January 2012 to July 2017. Occurrence rates of one or more accessory renal arteries in donors were 25.3% and 19.4% on the left and right sides, respectively. Early branching rates before 25 mm from the aorta to the right and left renal arteries were 13.7% and 10.5%, respectively. Overall, 63.1% and 78.3% of donors had no accessory artery bilaterally and no branched renal artery, respectively. As a result, 47.1% had only main renal arteries without an accessory artery and early-branching artery. Approximately half of the donors had multiple small renal arteries bilaterally, for which catheter-based denervation may not be suitable. Thus, preoperative computed tomography angiography requires careful attention to patient selection, and there is a need for improved methods for denervation at various renal arteries.

20.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16102, 2020 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999348

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of dronedarone versus sotalol in real-world practice in Asian patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Using the Korean nationwide claims database from August 2013 to December 2016, we identified patients with AF recently prescribed dronedarone or sotalol and analyzed the hospitalization risk and all-cause death until December 2017. Overall, 3119 and 1575 patients treated with dronedarone and sotalol, respectively, were included. After propensity score weighting, no significant differences were observed between the treatment groups. Dronedarone use was associated with a lower risk of all-cause hospitalization than sotalol use (hazard ratio [HR], 0.79; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.70-0.88). The dronedarone group demonstrated a significantly lower risk of cardiovascular (CV) hospitalization than the sotalol group (HR 0.62, 95% CI 0.53-0.72); however, no significant difference was observed in non-CV hospitalization. No difference in the risk of all-cause death was observed between groups. The dronedarone group was significantly less likely to receive nonpharmacological treatment for AF than the sotalol group (HR 0.63, 95% CI 0.51-0.77). In a large-scale population of Asian patients with AF, dronedarone was associated with a lower risk of CV hospitalization and a lower need for nonpharmacological treatment for AF than sotalol.

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