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Laryngoscope ; 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32275332


OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) tends to metastasize rather early to local lymph nodes (LNs). Incidences of cystic LN metastases is relatively rare compared with that of solid LN metastases. Few studies have attempted to assess the characteristics in these patients. This study aimed to compare the clinicopathologic characteristics and surgical outcomes between patients with cystic LN metastases and those with solid LN metastases. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 1,028 patients with N1b PTC who underwent bilateral total thyroidectomy with central compartment neck dissection and modified radical neck dissection between January 2005 and September 2011. Of these, 136 (13.2%) had cystic LN metastases and 892 (86.8%) had solid LN metastases. Clinicopathologic characteristics and surgical outcomes were compared between these two patient groups. RESULTS: The proportion of patients with thyroid tumor multifocality was relatively higher in the cystic node cohort (19.9% vs. 12.7%, P = .048). The number of total metastatic LNs and positive lateral LNs was slightly higher in the cystic node cohort (11.3 ± 8.9 vs. 9.7 ± 7.5, P = .029 and 6.9 ± 6.3 vs. 5.5 ± 4.6, P = .018, respectively). The proportion of patients with recurrence was higher in the cystic node cohort (14.0% vs. 3.0%, P < .001). Multivariate analysis indicated that cystic nodes were a significant risk factor for recurrence (hazard ratio: 5.265, 95% confidence interval: 2.898-9.563). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that cystic lateral LN metastases are associated with aggressive tumor behavior in PTC patients. and that their presence is a significant independent prognostic factor for disease-free survival. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2b Laryngoscope, 2020.

J Biomed Opt ; 24(9): 1-9, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512440


Inexpensive near-infrared microscopy (NIRM) was developed as a convenient technique to detect the medulla loss of scalp hair while reducing analytical time with easy sample preparation, leading to a field screening tool for breast cancer. NIRM has been evaluated as an alternative to synchrotron-based nanoscopy and to the relatively expensive method of conventional infrared microscopy to determine the degree and pattern of medulla loss of scalp hairs of patients with breast cancer and benign diseases, as well as normal healthy individuals. NIR imaging showed a strong, scattering-based hyperintense contrast of the medulla compared to the fully attenuated cortex in medullated healthy hair. Complete medulla loss (CML) per hair strand was more extensively (60.9 ± 10.2 %) (p < 0.001) detected in the hair of all cancer patients than in the hair of either healthy individuals (less than 3.7 ± 7.5%) or those with benign disease (30.6 ± 5.9 % ), suggesting a potential biomarker for breast cancer diagnosis. The medulla structure was retained mostly in the hair of age-matched healthy individuals, but discontinuous medulla loss was observed concomitantly with less CML in fibroadenoma patients. Potentially, compact NIRM modules can be integrated into a mobile platform as point-of-care technology for breast cancer screening.

Molecules ; 24(15)2019 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382678


The nuclear factor (NF)-κB family of transcriptional factors plays a critical role in inflammation, immunoregulation, cell differentiation, and tumorigenesis. This study aims to investigate the role of methylation of genes encoding for the NF-κB family in breast cancer. We analyze the DNA methylation status of the NFKB1 gene and the RELA gene in breast cancer using pyrosequencing. The expression of NF-κB1 and RELA proteins is assessed and the level of RNA transcripts in frozen tissue is determined using RT-PCR. There is no statistically significant difference in the methylation status of the NFKB1 and the RELA genes between tumors and normal tissues. The methylation status of the NFKB1 gene and the RELA gene is not significantly associated with the levels of NF-κB1 transcripts in tumor tissues. However, the methylation level of the RELA gene is significantly associated with the level of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. In addition, the level of NF-κB1 transcripts was associated with the levels of TNF-α and IL-4. In tumors with positive TNF-α, the increased methylation level of the RELA gene is significantly associated with the positive expression of NF-κB1 transcripts. These results demonstrate that the level of the RELA gene methylation is related to the levels of NF-κB1 transcripts under the influence of TNF-α. Further study is needed to determine how TNF-α is involved in the methylation of the RELA gene and the subsequent expression of NF-κB1.

Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Fator de Transcrição RelA/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ilhas de CpG , Feminino , Humanos , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo
Ann Surg Treat Res ; 94(5): 279-283, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29732361


Multiple strictures of small bowel induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), were known as diaphragm disease. The purpose of these case reports is to present 3 cases of diaphragm disease of small bowel and summarize the clinical features of this disease entity. A 34-year-old man, a 63-year-old man, and a 66-year-old woman were admitted to Daegu Catholic University Medical Center because of recurrent intestinal obstructions. Two of these patients had taken heavy NSAIDs use. Capsule endoscopy was performed in all cases and the all capsules were retained by circumferential strictures of the ileum. Segmental resection of the strictures was performed in 2 patients and 1 underwent just enterotomy and capsule removal. In conclusion, clinicians should be aware that diaphragm disease might be a cause of small bowel obstruction especially in patients receiving long term NSAIDs therapy.

Vasc Specialist Int ; 32(2): 44-50, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27386451


PURPOSE: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) involving the common iliac artery requires extension of the stent-graft limb into the external iliac artery. For this procedure, internal iliac artery (IIA) embolization is performed to prevent type II endoleak. In this study, we investigated the frequency and risk factor of buttock claudication (BC) in patients having interventional embolization of the IIA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2013, a total of 110 patients with AAA were treated with EVAR in our institution. This study included 27 patients (24.5%) who had undergone unilateral IIA coil embolization with EVAR. We examined hospital charts retrospectively and interviewed by telephone for the occurrence of BC. RESULTS: Mean age of total patients was 71.9±7.0 years and 88.9% were males. During a mean follow-up of 8.65±9.04 months, the incidence of BC was 40.7% (11 of 27 patients). In 8 patients with claudication, the symptoms had resolved within 1 month of IIA embolization, but the symptoms persisted for more than 6 months in the remaining 3 patients. In univariate and multivariate analysis, risk factors such as age, sex, comorbidity, patency of collateral arteries, and anatomical characteristics of AAA were not significantly related with BC. CONCLUSION: In this study, BC was a frequent complication of IIA embolization during EVAR and there was no associated risk factor. Certain principles such as checking preoperative angiogram, proximal and unilateral IIA embolization may have contributed to reducing the incidence of BC.