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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4194, 2021 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234144

RESUMO

Photomorphogenesis, light-mediated development, is an essential feature of all terrestrial plants. While chloroplast development and brassinosteroid (BR) signaling are known players in photomorphogenesis, proteins that regulate both pathways have yet to be identified. Here we report that DE-ETIOLATION IN THE DARK AND YELLOWING IN THE LIGHT (DAY), a membrane protein containing DnaJ-like domain, plays a dual-role in photomorphogenesis by stabilizing the BR receptor, BRI1, as well as a key enzyme in chlorophyll biosynthesis, POR. DAY localizes to both the endomembrane and chloroplasts via its first transmembrane domain and chloroplast transit peptide, respectively, and interacts with BRI1 and POR in their respective subcellular compartments. Using genetic analysis, we show that DAY acts independently on BR signaling and chlorophyll biogenesis. Collectively, this work uncovers DAY as a factor that simultaneously regulates BR signaling and chloroplast development, revealing a key regulator of photomorphogenesis that acts across cell compartments.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Morfogênese/fisiologia , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Brassinosteroides/metabolismo , Clorofila/biossíntese , Cloroplastos/metabolismo , Estiolamento/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/fisiologia , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40/isolamento & purificação , Luz , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Morfogênese/efeitos da radiação , Mutação , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Proteínas Quinases/genética , RNA-Seq , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
2.
J Exp Bot ; 71(9): 2596-2611, 2020 05 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32275312

RESUMO

Yeast Rpf2 plays a critical role in the incorporation of 5S rRNA into pre-ribosomes by forming a binary complex with Rrs1. The protein characteristics and overexpression phenotypes of Arabidopsis Ribosome Production Factor 2 (ARPF2) and Arabidopsis Regulator of Ribosome Synthesis 1 (ARRS1) have been previously studied. Here, we analyze loss-of-function phenotypes of ARPF2 and ARRS1 using virus-induced gene silencing to determine their functions in pre-rRNA processing and ribosome biogenesis. ARPF2 silencing in Arabidopsis led to pleiotropic developmental defects. RNA gel blot analysis and circular reverse transcription-PCR revealed that ARPF2 depletion delayed pre-rRNA processing, resulting in the accumulation of multiple processing intermediates. ARPF2 fractionated primarily with the 60S ribosomal subunit. Metabolic rRNA labeling and ribosome profiling suggested that ARPF2 deficiency mainly affected 25S rRNA synthesis and 60S ribosome biogenesis. ARPF2 and ARRS1 formed the complex that interacted with the 60S ribosomal proteins RPL5 and RPL11. ARRS1 silencing resulted in growth defects, accumulation of processing intermediates, and ribosome profiling similar to those of ARPF2-silenced plants. Moreover, depletion of ARPF2 and ARRS1 caused nucleolar stress. ARPF2-deficient plants excessively accumulated anthocyanin and reactive oxygen species. Collectively, these results suggest that the ARPF2-ARRS1 complex plays a crucial role in plant growth and development by modulating ribosome biogenesis.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Precursores de RNA/metabolismo , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA , RNA Ribossômico/genética , RNA Ribossômico/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 5S/metabolismo , Proteínas Ribossômicas/genética , Proteínas Ribossômicas/metabolismo , Ribossomos/genética , Ribossomos/metabolismo
3.
J Exp Bot ; 70(10): 2741-2757, 2019 05 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30825377

RESUMO

Chaperonin containing T-complex polypeptide-1 (CCT) is an evolutionarily conserved chaperonin multi-subunit complex that mediates protein folding in eukaryotes. It is essential for cell growth and survival in yeast and mammals, with diverse substrate proteins. However, only a few studies on plant CCT have been reported to date, due to the essentiality of CCT subunit genes and the large size of the complex. Here, we have investigated the structure and function of the Arabidopsis CCT complex in detail. The plant CCT consisted of eight subunits that assemble to form a high-molecular-mass protein complex, shown by diverse methods. CCT-deficient cells exhibited depletion of cortical microtubules, accompanied by a reduction in cellular α- and ß-tubulin levels due to protein degradation. Cycloheximide-chase assays suggested that CCT is involved in the folding of tubulins in plants. Furthermore, CCT interacted with PPX1, the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 4, and may participate in the folding of PPX1 as its substrate. CCT also interacted with Tap46, a regulatory subunit of PP2A family phosphatases, but Tap46 appeared to function in PPX1 stabilization, rather than as a CCT substrate. Collectively, our findings reveal the essential functions of CCT chaperonin in plants and its conserved and novel substrates.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Tubulina (Proteína)
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