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1.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585584

RESUMO

The recent emergence of highly contagious respiratory disease and the underlying issues of worldwide air pollution jointly heighten the importance of the personal respirator. However, the incongruence between the dynamic environment and nonadaptive respirators imposes physiological and psychological adverse effects, which hinder the public dissemination of respirators. To address this issue, we introduce adaptive respiratory protection based on a dynamic air filter (DAF) driven by machine learning (ML) algorithms. The stretchable elastomer fiber membrane of the DAF affords immediate adjustment of filtration characteristics through active rescaling of the micropores by simple pneumatic control, enabling seamless and constructive transition of filtration characteristics. The resultant DAF-respirator (DAF-R), made possible by ML algorithms, successfully demonstrates real-time predictive adapting maneuvers, enabling personalizable and continuously optimized respiratory protection under changing circumstances.

2.
Redox Biol ; 47: 102144, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562873

RESUMO

Although effective drugs have been developed, including 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) shows low therapeutic sensitivity resulting from the development of 5-FU resistance. Thymidylate synthase (TS) is a target protein of 5-FU, and elevated TS lowers the 5-FU sensitivity of CRC cells. Here, we tested the efficacy of several candidate phytochemicals against human CRC-derived HCT116 cells expressing wild-type tumor suppressor protein P53 and HT29 cells expressing mutant P53. Among them, we found that apigenin enhanced the inhibitory effect of 5-FU on cell viability. In addition, apigenin inhibited the upregulation of TS induced by 5-FU. Apigenin also potentiated 5-FU-induced apoptosis of HCT116 cells and enhanced cell cycle disruption. Furthermore, apigenin increased reactive oxygen species production, intracellular and intramitochondrial Ca2+ concentrations, and mitochondrial membrane potential upon cotreatment with 5-FU. Knockdown of forkhead box protein M, a transcription factor modulating 5-FU sensitivity, enhanced the potentiation of apoptosis by apigenin in HCT116 cells. Moreover, apigenin suppressed TS expression and inhibited the viability of 5-FU-resistant HCT116 cells. Therefore, apigenin may improve the therapeutic efficacy of 5-FU against CRC by suppressing TS, but apoptosis induction is mainly dependent on functional P53.

3.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 11(8)2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436085

RESUMO

Since the discovery of antibiotics, the emergence of antibiotic resistance has become a global issue that is threatening society. In the era of antibiotic resistance, finding the proper antibiotics through antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST) is crucial in clinical settings. However, the current clinical process of AST based on the broth microdilution test has limitations on scalability to expand the number of antibiotics that are tested with various concentrations. Here, we used color-coded droplets to expand the multiplexing of AST regarding the kind and concentration of antibiotics. Color type and density differentiate the kind of antibiotics and concentration, respectively. Microscopic images of a large view field contain numbers of droplets with different testing conditions. Image processing analysis detects each droplet, decodes color codes, and measures the bacterial growth in the droplet. Testing E. coli ATCC 25922 with ampicillin, gentamicin, and tetracycline shows that the system can provide a robust and scalable platform for multiplexed AST. Furthermore, the system can be applied to various drug testing systems, which require several different testing conditions.

4.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5008, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429436

RESUMO

Capabilities for continuous monitoring of pressures and temperatures at critical skin interfaces can help to guide care strategies that minimize the potential for pressure injuries in hospitalized patients or in individuals confined to the bed. This paper introduces a soft, skin-mountable class of sensor system for this purpose. The design includes a pressure-responsive element based on membrane deflection and a battery-free, wireless mode of operation capable of multi-site measurements at strategic locations across the body. Such devices yield continuous, simultaneous readings of pressure and temperature in a sequential readout scheme from a pair of primary antennas mounted under the bedding and connected to a wireless reader and a multiplexer located at the bedside. Experimental evaluation of the sensor and the complete system includes benchtop measurements and numerical simulations of the key features. Clinical trials involving two hemiplegic patients and a tetraplegic patient demonstrate the feasibility, functionality and long-term stability of this technology in operating hospital settings.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Pressão , Temperatura , Tecnologia sem Fio , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Fisiológica , Pele , Termografia/instrumentação , Termografia/métodos
5.
Sci Transl Med ; 13(587)2021 03 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790027

RESUMO

The concentration of chloride in sweat remains the most robust biomarker for confirmatory diagnosis of cystic fibrosis (CF), a common life-shortening genetic disorder. Early diagnosis via quantitative assessment of sweat chloride allows prompt initiation of care and is critically important to extend life expectancy and improve quality of life. The collection and analysis of sweat using conventional wrist-strapped devices and iontophoresis can be cumbersome, particularly for infants with fragile skin, who often have insufficient sweat production. Here, we introduce a soft, epidermal microfluidic device ("sweat sticker") designed for the simple and rapid collection and analysis of sweat. Intimate, conformal coupling with the skin supports nearly perfect efficiency in sweat collection without leakage. Real-time image analysis of chloride reagents allows for quantitative assessment of chloride concentrations using a smartphone camera, without requiring extraction of sweat or external analysis. Clinical validation studies involving patients with CF and healthy subjects, across a spectrum of age groups, support clinical equivalence compared to existing device platforms in terms of accuracy and demonstrate meaningful reductions in rates of leakage. The wearable microfluidic technologies and smartphone-based analytics reported here establish the foundation for diagnosis of CF outside of clinical settings.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística , Suor , Cloretos , Fibrose Cística/diagnóstico , Fibrose Cística/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Qualidade de Vida , Smartphone
6.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 10(3)2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805824

RESUMO

Antimicrobial resistance has become a major problem in public health and clinical environments. Against this background, antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST) has become necessary to cure diseases in an appropriate and timely manner as it indicates the necessary concentration of antibiotics. Recently, microfluidic based rapid AST methods using microscopic analysis have been shown to reduce the time needed for the determination of the proper antibiotics. However, owing to the inoculum effect, the accurate measurement of the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) is difficult. We tested four standard bacteria: Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, and Enterococcus faecalis, against five different antibiotics: piperacillin, cefotaxime, amikacin, levofloxacin, and ampicillin. The results showed that overall, the microfluidic system has a similar inoculum effect compared to the conventional AST method. However, due to the different testing conditions and determination protocols of the growth of the microfluidic based rapid AST, a few results are not identical to the conventional methods using optical density. This result suggests that microfluidic based rapid AST methods require further research on the inoculum effect for practical use in hospitals and can then be used for effective antibiotic prescriptions.

7.
J Biomed Opt ; 26(2)2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624459

RESUMO

SIGNIFICANCE: Dry or moist skin-contact thermal stimulation for vein puncture (VP) and vein cannulation (VC) may not be feasible for sensitive skin. For a damaged, burned, or dark skin, near-infrared (NIR) imaging is preferred to visualize a vein. Postprocessing of NIR images is always required because the skin is a reflective material and veins need segmentation for quantitative analysis. AIM: Our pilot study aims to observe the effect of noncontact local heating on the superficial metacarpal veins in the dorsal surface of the hand and to visualize vein dynamics using an NIR imaging system. APPROACH: Our experiment consists of studies A and B at two ambient temperatures, 19°C and 25°C. A simple reflection-based NIR imaging system was installed to acquire sequential vein images for 5 min before and after applying 10 min of radiant thermal stimulation. To measure the vein diameter (VD), we trained a convolutional neural network (CNN) on sequential raw images to predict vein-segmentation masks as output images. Later these masked images were postprocessed for the VD measurements. RESULTS: The average VD was significantly increased after thermal stimulation in study A. The maximum increments in VD were 39.3% and 9.19%, 1 min after thermal stimulation in studies A and B, respectively. Both the VD and skin temperature (Tskin) follow negative exponentials in time, and the VD is proportional to Tskin. A multiple linear-regression model was made to predict the final VD. A significant difference was observed in the change of the VD. CONCLUSIONS: NIR imaging with CNN can be used for quantitative analyses of vein dynamics. This finding can be further extended to develop real-time, image-guided medical devices by integrating them with a radiant heater and to assist medical practitioners in achieving high success rates for VP or VC.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico por Imagem , Veias , Redes Neurais de Computação , Projetos Piloto , Temperatura , Veias/diagnóstico por imagem
8.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 14(1)2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419162

RESUMO

Rearranged during transfection (RET), a receptor tyrosine kinase, is activated by glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor family ligands. Chromosomal rearrangement or point mutations in RET are observed in patients with papillary thyroid and medullary thyroid carcinomas. Oncogenic alteration of RET results in constitutive activation of RET activity. Therefore, inhibiting RET activity has become a target in thyroid cancer therapy. Here, the anti-tumor activity of a novel RET inhibitor was characterized in medullary thyroid carcinoma cells. The indirubin derivative LDD-2633 was tested for RET kinase inhibitory activity. In vitro, LDD-2633 showed potent inhibition of RET kinase activity, with an IC50 of 4.42 nM. The growth of TT thyroid carcinoma cells harboring an RET mutation was suppressed by LDD-2633 treatment via the proliferation suppression and the induction of apoptosis. The effects of LDD-2633 on the RET signaling pathway were examined; LDD-2633 inhibited the phosphorylation of the RET protein and the downstream molecules Shc and ERK1/2. Oral administration of 20 or 40 mg/kg of LDD-2633 induced dose-dependent suppression of TT cell xenograft tumor growth. The in vivo and in vitro experimental results supported the potential use of LDD-2633 as an anticancer drug for thyroid cancers.

9.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 10(4): e2000722, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989913

RESUMO

Eccrine sweat contains a rich blend of electrolytes, metabolites, proteins, metal ions, and other biomarkers. Changes in the concentrations of these chemical species can indicate alterations in hydration status and they can also reflect health conditions such as cystic fibrosis, schizophrenia, and depression. Recent advances in soft, skin-interfaced microfluidic systems enable real-time measurement of local sweat loss and sweat biomarker concentrations, with a wide range of applications in healthcare. Uses in certain contexts involve, however, physical impacts on the body that can dynamically deform these platforms, with adverse effects on measurement reliability. The work presented here overcomes this limitation through the use of microfluidic structures constructed in relatively high modulus polymers, and designed in geometries that offer soft, system level mechanics when embedded low modulus elastomers. Analytical models and finite element analysis quantitatively define the relevant mechanics of these systems, and serve as the basis for layouts optimized to allow robust operation in demanding, rugged scenarios such as those encountered in football, while preserving mechanical stretchability for comfortable, water-tight bonding to the skin. Benchtop testing and on-body field studies of measurements of sweat loss and chloride concentration under imposed mechanical stresses and impacts demonstrate the key features of these platforms.


Assuntos
Microfluídica , Suor , Eletrólitos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Pele
11.
Stat Med ; 40(3): 799-822, 2021 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33205511

RESUMO

The joinpoint regression model (JRM) is used to describe trend changes in many applications and relies on the detection of joinpoints (changepoints). However, the existing joinpoint detection methods, namely, the grid search (GS)-based methods, are computationally demanding, and hence, the maximum number of computable joinpoints is limited. Herein, we developed a genetic algorithm-based joinpoint (GAJP) model in which an explicitly decoupled computing procedure for optimization and regression is used to embed a binary genetic algorithm into the JRM for optimal joinpoint detection. The combinations of joinpoints were represented as binary chromosomes, and genetic operations were performed to determine the optimum solution by minimizing the fitness function, the Bayesian information criterion (BIC) and BIC3 . The accuracy and computational performance of the GAJP model were evaluated via intensive simulation studies and compared with those of the GS-based methods using BIC, BIC3 , and permutation test. The proposed method showed an outstanding computational efficiency in detecting multiple joinpoints. Finally, the suitability of the GAJP model for the analysis of cancer incidence trends was demonstrated by applying this model to data on the incidence of colorectal cancer in the United States from 1975 to 2016 from the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program. Thus, the GAJP model was concluded to be practically feasible to detect multiple joinpoints up to the number of grids without requirement to preassign the number of joinpoints and be easily extendable to cancer trend analysis utilizing large datasets.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Algoritmos , Teorema de Bayes , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/genética , Programa de SEER , Estados Unidos
12.
Lab Chip ; 20(24): 4552-4560, 2020 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33169754

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistance is a global threat to modern society. Rapid determination of suitable antibiotics that inhibit bacterial growth can effectively reduce antibiotic resistance and improve clinical treatment. The conventional methods of antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) depend on optical density measurements, which require long-time incubation. Various kinds of rapid AST systems which utilize various technologies from the field of lab on a chip have promised a great reduction in measurement time, but cannot achieve high-throughput, user-friendly testing due to the complexity of the testing system. Here, we introduce a capillary and centrifuge-based rapid AST system that reduces the time of loading the sample and culture media while achieving a high-throughput testing capacity. The capability of the proposed system is validated in a systematic analysis that includes sample loading characteristics and AST trials with standard strains. The proposed system provides a useful tool for drug testing in cell-culture systems with user-friendly and high-throughput analysis.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
13.
Lab Chip ; 20(23): 4391-4403, 2020 11 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089837

RESUMO

Important insights into human health can be obtained through the non-invasive collection and detailed analysis of sweat, a biofluid that contains a wide range of essential biomarkers. Skin-interfaced microfluidic platforms, characterized by soft materials and thin geometries, offer a collection of capabilities for in situ capture, storage, and analysis of sweat and its constituents. In ambulatory uses cases, the ability to provide real-time feedback on sweat loss, rate and content, without visual inspection of the device, can be important. This paper introduces a low-profile skin-interfaced system that couples disposable microfluidic sampling devices with reusable 'stick-on' electrodes and wireless readout electronics that remain isolated from the sweat. An ultra-thin capping layer on the microfluidic platform permits high-sensitivity, contactless capacitive measurements of both sweat loss and sweat conductivity. This architecture avoids the potential for corrosion of the sensing components and eliminates the need for cleaning/sterilizing the electronics, thereby resulting in a cost-effective platform that is simple to use. Optimized electrode designs follow from a combination of extensive benchtop testing, analytical calculations and FEA simulations for two sensing configurations: (1) sweat rate and loss, and (2) sweat conductivity, which contains information about electrolyte content. Both configurations couple to a flexible, wireless electronics platform that digitizes and transmits information to Bluetooth-enabled devices. On-body field testing during physical exercise validates the performance of the system in scenarios of practical relevance to human health and performance.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Suor , Eletrônica , Humanos , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Microfluídica , Pele
14.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 9(8)2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32751238

RESUMO

Post-antibiotic effect (PAE) is the continued suppression of bacterial growth following a limited exposure to an antimicrobial agent. The presence of PAE needs consequential consideration in designing antibiotic dosage regimens. To understand the behavior of bacteria, PAE provides information on how long antibiotics are applied to the bacteria. Conventional methods of measuring PAE depend on population detection and have limitations for understanding the individual behavior of bacteria. To observe the PAE, we utilized an imaging technique with the use of microscopy. Here, we discuss the microscopic image analysis system we used to study the PAE at a single-colony level. The size and number of colonies of bacteria were measured prior to and following antibiotic removal. We could count a single colony, see the development of the settlement prior to and following exposure of antibiotics and track the colony by microscopy according to the incubation time and the image processed by our own image processing program. The PAE of antibiotics was quantified by comparing bacteria size and number based on their exposure time. In our study, we discovered that the longer exposure of antibiotics causes the bacteria to be suppressed-even after washing the antibiotics from the solution. This finding suggests that microscopic imaging detection provides a new method for understanding PAE. In addition, the behavior of the cell in response to drugs and chemicals and their removal can be examined with the use of single colony analysis.

15.
Eur J Med Chem ; 195: 112205, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32272419

RESUMO

FMS-like receptor tyrosine kinase-3 (FLT3) is expressed on acute leukemia cells and is implicated in the survival, proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic cells in most acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Despite recent achievements in the development of FLT3-targeted small-molecule drugs, there are still unmet medical needs related to kinase selectivity and the progression of some mutant forms of FLT3. Herein, we describe the discovery of novel orally available type 1 FLT3 inhibitors from structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies for the optimization of indirubin derivatives with biological and pharmacokinetic profiles as potential therapeutic agents for AML. The SAR exploration provided important structural insights into the key substituents for potent inhibitory activities of FLT3 and in MV4-11 cells. The profile of the most optimized inhibitor (36) showed IC50 values of 0.87 and 0.32 nM against FLT3 and FLT3/D835Y, respectively, along with potent inhibition against MV4-11 and FLT3/D835Y expressed MOLM14 cells with a GI50 value of 1.0 and 1.87 nM, respectively. With the high oral bioavailability of 42.6%, compound 36 displayed significant in vivo antitumor activity by oral administration of 20 mg/kg once daily dosing schedule for 21 days in a mouse xenograft model. The molecular docking study of 36 in the homology model of the DFG-in conformation of FLT3 resulted in a reasonable binding mode in type 1 kinases similar to the reported type 1 FLT3 inhibitors Crenolanib and Gilteritinib.


Assuntos
Desenho de Fármacos , Indóis/química , Indóis/farmacologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Oximas/química , Oximas/farmacologia , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Oral , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Indóis/administração & dosagem , Indóis/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Oximas/administração & dosagem , Oximas/metabolismo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Conformação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/química , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/metabolismo
16.
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol ; 112: 104618, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32087352

RESUMO

Silica dioxide nanoparticles (SiONPs) are mainly used in the rubber industry; however, they are a major air pollutant in Asia. Thus, extensive research on this issue is required. In this study, we investigated the effects of SiONPs on asthma aggravation and elucidated the underlying mechanism using ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthmatic mice model and in NCI-H292 cells. Mice exposed to SiONPs showed markedly increased Penh values, inflammatory cell counts, and inflammatory cytokine levels compared to OVA-induced asthmatic mice. Exposure to SiONPs also induced additional airway inflammation and mucus secretion with increases in protein expression levels of thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP), NOD-like receptor pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, and interleukin (IL)-1ß compared to those in OVA-induced asthmatic mice. Treatment of SiONPs in NCI-H292 cells also significantly increased mRNA expression levels of inflammatory cytokines accompanied with elevation in the levels of TXNIP, NLRP3 inflammasome, and IL-1ß proteins in a concentration-dependent manner. Taken together, exposure to SiONPs aggravated asthma development, which is closely related to inflammasome activation. Our results provide useful information about the toxicological effects of SiONPs on asthma exacerbation and suggest the need to avoid SiONP exposure especially in individuals with respiratory diseases.


Assuntos
Asma/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/química , Dióxido de Silício/metabolismo , Animais , Asma/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Sistema Respiratório/metabolismo , Dióxido de Silício/química
17.
Lab Chip ; 20(1): 84-92, 2020 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776526

RESUMO

Eccrine sweat is a rich and largely unexplored biofluid that contains a range of important biomarkers, from electrolytes, metabolites, micronutrients and hormones to exogenous agents, each of which can change in concentration with diet, stress level, hydration status and physiologic or metabolic state. Traditionally, clinicians and researchers have used absorbent pads and benchtop analyzers to collect and analyze the biochemical constituents of sweat in controlled, laboratory settings. Recently reported wearable microfluidic and electrochemical sensing devices represent significant advances in this context, with capabilities for rapid, in situ evaluations, in many cases with improved repeatability and accuracy. A limitation is that assays performed in these platforms offer limited control of reaction kinetics and mixing of different reagents and samples. Here, we present a multi-layered microfluidic device platform with designs that eliminate these constraints, to enable integrated enzymatic assays with demonstrations of in situ analysis of the concentrations of ammonia and ethanol in microliter volumes of sweat. Careful characterization of the reaction kinetics and their optimization using statistical techniques yield robust analysis protocols. Human subject studies with sweat initiated by warm-water bathing highlight the operational features of these systems.


Assuntos
Oxirredutases do Álcool/metabolismo , Amônia/análise , Etanol/análise , Peroxidase do Rábano Silvestre/metabolismo , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Suor/química , Amônia/metabolismo , Etanol/metabolismo , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Cinética , Suor/metabolismo
18.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5513, 2019 12 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797921

RESUMO

Recently introduced classes of thin, soft, skin-mounted microfluidic systems offer powerful capabilities for continuous, real-time monitoring of total sweat loss, sweat rate and sweat biomarkers. Although these technologies operate without the cost, complexity, size, and weight associated with active components or power sources, rehydration events can render previous measurements irrelevant and detection of anomalous physiological events, such as high sweat loss, requires user engagement to observe colorimetric responses. Here we address these limitations through monolithic systems of pinch valves and suction pumps for purging of sweat as a reset mechanism to coincide with hydration events, microstructural optics for reversible readout of sweat loss, and effervescent pumps and chemesthetic agents for automated delivery of sensory warnings of excessive sweat loss. Human subject trials demonstrate the ability of these systems to alert users to the potential for dehydration via skin sensations initiated by sweat-triggered ejection of menthol and capsaicin.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/instrumentação , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/métodos , Pele/metabolismo , Suor/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Retroalimentação Fisiológica , Humanos , Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Estado de Hidratação do Organismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Pele/química , Suor/química
19.
Adv Mater ; 31(32): e1902109, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31206791

RESUMO

Comprehensive analysis of sweat chemistry provides noninvasive health monitoring capabilities that complement established biophysical measurements such as heart rate, blood oxygenation, and body temperature. Recent developments in skin-integrated soft microfluidic systems address many challenges associated with standard technologies in sweat collection and analysis. However, recording of time-dependent variations in sweat composition requires bulky electronic systems and power sources, thereby constraining form factor, cost, and modes of use. Here, presented are unconventional design concepts, materials, and device operation principles that address this challenge. Flexible galvanic cells embedded within skin-interfaced microfluidics with passive valves serve as sweat-activated "stopwatches" that record temporal information associated with collection of discrete microliter volumes of sweat. The result allows for precise measurements of dynamic sweat composition fluctuations using in situ or ex situ analytical techniques. Integrated electronics based on near-field communication (NFC) protocols or docking stations equipped with standard electronic measurement tools provide means for extracting digital timing results from the stopwatches. Human subject studies of time-stamped sweat samples by in situ colorimetric methods and ex situ techniques based on inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS) and chlorodimetry illustrate the ability to quantitatively capture time-dynamic sweat chemistry in scenarios compatible with field use.


Assuntos
Desenho de Equipamento/instrumentação , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Pele/química , Suor/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Colorimetria , Teste de Esforço , Humanos , Smartphone , Fatores de Tempo , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis
20.
Oncol Lett ; 17(5): 4735-4741, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30944659

RESUMO

Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) is a valuable pharmacological target in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). LDD-1075 and LDD-1076 are indirubin derivatives, and LDD-1075 is the ester form of LDD-1076. LDD-1076 exhibited a potent in vitro FLT3 kinase activity inhibition with an IC50 of 7.89 nM, whereas, LDD-1075 demonstrated a relatively weak activity against FLT3 (IC50 of 3.19 µM). In contrast with the results of the FLT3 kinase activity inhibition assay, the LDD-1076 did not affect the growth of the MV4-11 cell line, which harbors the constitutively activated form of the FLT3 mutation. Notably, LDD-1075 exhibited a strong cytotoxic effect against the MV4-11 cells. When LDD-1075 was incubated with the MV4-11 cell lysate, the formation of LDD-1076 was observed. Treatment with LDD-1075 inhibited the FLT3 phosphorylation along with the phosphorylation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 protein, which is a downstream signal transducer of FLT3. Treatment with LDD-1075 induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase. The present study demonstrated that the LDD-1076 formed by the bioconversion of LDD-1075 is a potent FLT3 inhibitor with anti-leukemic activity.

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