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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5008, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429436

RESUMO

Capabilities for continuous monitoring of pressures and temperatures at critical skin interfaces can help to guide care strategies that minimize the potential for pressure injuries in hospitalized patients or in individuals confined to the bed. This paper introduces a soft, skin-mountable class of sensor system for this purpose. The design includes a pressure-responsive element based on membrane deflection and a battery-free, wireless mode of operation capable of multi-site measurements at strategic locations across the body. Such devices yield continuous, simultaneous readings of pressure and temperature in a sequential readout scheme from a pair of primary antennas mounted under the bedding and connected to a wireless reader and a multiplexer located at the bedside. Experimental evaluation of the sensor and the complete system includes benchtop measurements and numerical simulations of the key features. Clinical trials involving two hemiplegic patients and a tetraplegic patient demonstrate the feasibility, functionality and long-term stability of this technology in operating hospital settings.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Pressão , Temperatura , Tecnologia sem Fio , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Fisiológica , Pele , Termografia/instrumentação , Termografia/métodos
2.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439612

RESUMO

The fabrication of large-area and flexible nanostructures currently presents various challenges related to the special requirements for 3D multilayer nanostructures, ultrasmall nanogaps, and size-controlled nanomeshes. To overcome these rigorous challenges, a simple method for fabricating wafer-scale, ultrasmall nanogaps on a flexible substrate using a temperature above the glass transition temperature (Tg) of the substrate and by layer-by-layer nanoimprinting is proposed here. The size of the nanogaps can be easily controlled by adjusting the pressure, heating time, and heating temperature. In addition, 3D multilayer nanostructures and nanocomposites with 2, 3, 5, 7, and 20 layers were fabricated using this method. The fabricated nanogaps with sizes ranging from approximately 1 to 40 nm were observed via high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The multilayered nanostructures were evaluated using focused ion beam (FIB) technology. Compared with conventional methods, our method could not only easily control the size of the nanogaps on the flexible large-area substrate but could also achieve fast, simple, and cost-effective fabrication of 3D multilayer nanostructures and nanocomposites without any post-treatment. Moreover, a transparent electrode and nanoheater were fabricated and evaluated. Finally, surface-enhanced Raman scattering substrates with different nanogaps were evaluated using rhodamine 6G. In conclusion, it is believed that the proposed method can solve the problems related to the high requirements of nanofabrication and can be applied in the detection of small molecules and for manufacturing flexible electronics and soft actuators.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33347263

RESUMO

A novel method for fabricating shape-controlled and well-arrayed heterogeneous nanostructures by altering the melting point of the metal thin film at the nanoscale is proposed. Silver nanofilms (AgNFs) are transformed into silver nanoislands (AgNIs), silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), and silver nanogaps (AgNGs) that are well-ordered and repositioned inside the gold nanoholes (AuNHs) depending on the diameter of the AuNHs, the thickness of the AgNF, and the heating temperature (120-200 °C). This method demonstrates the ability to fabricate uniform, stable, and unique structures with a fast, simple, and mass-producible process. For demonstrating the diverse applicability of the developed structures, high-density AgNGs inside the AuNHs are utilized as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) substrates. These AgNGs-based SERS substrates exhibit a performance enhancement, which is 1.06 × 106 times greater than that of a metal film, with a relative standard deviation of 19.8%. The developed AgNP/AgNI structures are also used as nonreproducible anti-counterfeiting signs, and the anti-counterfeiting/readout system is demonstrated via image processing. Therefore, our method could play a vital role in the nanofabrication of high-demand nanostructures.

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(11): 13338-13347, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32073247

RESUMO

Despite various advantages and usefulness of semiconductor metal oxide gas sensors, low selectivity and humidity interference have limited their practical applications. In order to resolve these issues, we propose a new concept of a selective gas filtering structure that increases the gas selectivity and decreases the moisture interference of metal oxide gas sensors by coating metal organic frameworks (MOFs) on a microporous elastomer scaffold. Cu(BTC) with an excellent selective adsorption capacity for carbon monoxide (CO) compared to hydrogen (H2) and MIL-160 with an excellent moisture adsorption capacity were uniformly coated on the microporous polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) structure through a squeeze coating method, resulting in a high content of MOFs with a large effective surface area. A Cu(BTC)-coated microporous PDMS filter showed an excellent adsorption efficiency (62.4%) for CO, thereby dramatically improving the selectivity of H2/CO by up to 2.6 times. In addition, an MIL-160 coated microporous PDMS filter showed a high moisture adsorption efficiency (76.2%).

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(1): 1698-1706, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825585

RESUMO

Wearable pressure sensors have been attracting great attention for a variety of practical applications, including electronic skin, smart textiles, and healthcare devices. However, it is still challenging to realize wearable pressure sensors with sufficient sensitivity and low hysteresis under small mechanical stimuli. Herein, we introduce simple, cost-effective, and sensitive capacitive pressure sensor based on porous Ecoflex-multiwalled carbon nanotube composite (PEMC) structures, which leads to enhancing the sensitivity (6.42 and 1.72 kPa-1 in a range of 0-2 and 2-10 kPa, respectively) due to a synergetic effect of the porous elastomer and percolation of carbon nanotube fillers. The PEMC structure shows excellent mechanical deformability and compliance for an effective integration with practical wearable devices. Also, the PEMC-based pressure sensor shows not only the long-term stability, low-hysteresis, and fast response under dynamic loading but also the high robustness against temperature and humidity changes. Finally, we demonstrate a prosthetic robot finger integrated with a PEMC-based pressure sensor and an actuator as well as a healthcare wristband capable of continuously monitoring blood pressure and heart rate.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/instrumentação , Monitorização Fisiológica , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Elastômeros/química , Humanos , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Porosidade , Têxteis , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis
8.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 8(22): e1900978, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596545

RESUMO

Wearable pressure sensors capable of sensitive, precise, and continuous measurement of physiological and physical signals have great potential for the monitoring of health status and the early diagnosis of diseases. This work introduces a 3D-printed rigid microbump-integrated liquid metal-based soft pressure sensor (3D-BLiPS) for wearable and health-monitoring applications. Using a 3D-printed master mold based on multimaterial fused deposition modeling, the fabrication of a liquid metal microchannel and the integration of a rigid microbump array above the microchannel are achieved in a one-step, direct process. The microbump array enhances the sensitivity of the pressure sensor (0.158 kPa-1 ) by locally concentrating the deformation of the microchannel with negligible hysteresis and a stable signal response under cyclic loading. The 3D-BLiPS also demonstrates excellent robustness to 10 000 cycles of multidirectional stretching/bending, changes in temperature, and immersion in water. Finally, these characteristics are suitable for a wide range of applications in health monitoring systems, including a wristband for the continuous monitoring of the epidermal pulse rate for cuffless blood pressure estimation and a wireless wearable device for the monitoring of body pressure using a multiple pressure sensor array for the prevention of pressure ulcers.


Assuntos
Impressão Tridimensional , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Pressão , Temperatura , Tecnologia sem Fio
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