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1.
Ann Diagn Pathol ; 46: 151489, 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32169826

RESUMO

According to the current 8th edition of the American Joint Committee of Cancer (AJCC), the T category of distal cholangiocarcinomas is classified based on the depth of invasion (DOI) (T1, < 5 mm; T2, between 5 and 12 mm; T3, > 12 mm). In consideration of the discrepancies between previous studies about the prognostic significance, we aimed to validate the current AJCC T staging system of distal cholangiocarcinomas. DOI was measured using three different methods: DOI1, DOI2, and DOI3. DOI1 was defined and stratified according to the AJCC 8th edition. DOI2 was measured as the distance from an imaginary curved line approximated along the distorted mucosal surface to the deepest invasive tumor cells. DOI3 was defined as the total tumor thickness. DOI2 and DOI3 were also divided into three categories using the same cut-off points as in the AJCC 8th edition. We compared these three DOI methods to the AJCC 7th edition as well. In contrast with the AJCC 7th edition, all three groups showed a correlation with patients' overall survival. Above all, the DOI2 group demonstrated the best significance in multivariate analysis. However, when the C indices were compared between these groups, differential significance proved to be negligible (DOI1 vs DOI2, p = 0.915; DOI2 vs DOI3, p = 0.057). Therefore, the measurement of DOI does not need to be rigorously and stringently performed. In conclusion, we showed that the current T classification system better correlates with the overall survival of patients with distal cholangiocarcinomas than the previous system.

2.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039853

RESUMO

 The diagnostic performances of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers and amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) were compared by examining the association and concordance or discordance between CSF Aß1-42 and amyloid PET, after determining our own cut-off values for CSF Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarkers. Furthermore, we evaluated the ability of CSF biomarkers and amyloid PET to predict clinical progression. CSF Aß1-42, t-tau, and p-tau levels were analyzed in 203 individuals [27 normal controls, 38 mild cognitive impairment (MCI), 62 AD dementia, and 76 patients with other neurodegenerative diseases] consecutively recruited from two dementia clinics. We used both visual and standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR)-based amyloid PET assessments for analyses. The association of CSF biomarkers with amyloid PET SUVR, hippocampal atrophy, and cognitive function were investigated by linear regression analysis, and the risk of conversion from MCI to AD dementia was assessed using a Cox proportional hazards model. CSF p-tau/Aß1-42 and t-tau/Aß1-42 exhibited the best diagnostic accuracies among the CSF AD biomarkers examined. Correlations were observed between CSF biomarkers and global SUVR, hippocampal volume, and cognitive function. Overall concordance and discordance between CSF Aß1-42 and amyloid PET was 77% and 23%, respectively. Baseline positive CSF Aß1-42 for MCI demonstrated a 5.6-fold greater conversion risk than negative CSF Aß1-42 .  However, amyloid PET findings failed to exhibit significant prognostic value. Therefore, despite presence of a significant correlation between the CSF Aß1-42 level and SUVR of amyloid PET, and a relevant concordance between CSF Aß1-42 and amyloid PET, baseline CSF Aß1-42 better predicted AD conversion.

3.
Histopathology ; 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985086

RESUMO

AIMS: We sought to determine Non-terminal respiratory unit (TRU) type adenocarcinoma of lung with invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma (IMA) morphology shows gastric differentiation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed whole section images of 489 cases of lung adenocarcinoma from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). TCGA data were classified into 426 of TRU type adenocarcinoma, 49 of IMA, and 14 of unclassifiable. Their RNA sequencing data was analyzed by DESeq2 and WGCNA R packages. Gene expression in patients' samples were measured by NanoString assay. Overexpression of genes including REG4, TFF2, MUCL3, FER1L6, B3GALT5, ANXA10, and so on was observed by TCGA analysis in IMA compared to TRU type adenocarcinoma. Many of these genes are those expressed in normal gastric glands and selected for NanoString experiment on 14 IMA and 10 TRU type adenocarcinoma cases. The expression of genes including ANXA10, FER1L6, HNF4a, MUC5AC, REG4, TFF1, TFF2, and VSIGI was increased > 15 fold in IMA. Immunohistochemistry of ANXA10, TFF2, and FER1L6 performed on 31 IMA and 135 TRU type adenocarcinomas showed their predominant expression in IMA while they are not in TRU type adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSION: Our results showed the level of genes expressed in stomach mucosa were increased in IMA compared to TRU type adenocarcinoma, supporting gastric differentiation of IMA. This finding may help to understand the pathogenesis of IMA and find therapeutic targets.

4.
J Pathol Transl Med ; 53(4): 244-252, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31316041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ovarian epithelial cancer (OEC) is the second-most common gynecologic malignancy. CD109 expression is elevated in human tumor cell lines and carcinomas. A previous study showed that CD109 expression is elevated in human tumor cell lines and CD109 plays a role in cancer progression. Therefore, this study aimed to determine whether CD109 is expressed in OEC and can be useful in predicting the prognosis. METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining for CD109 and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed. Then we compared CD109 expression and chemoresistance, overall survival, and recurrence-free survival of OEC patients. Chemoresistance was evaluated by dividing into good-response group and poor-response group by the time to recurrence after chemotherapy. RESULTS: CD109 expression was associated with overall survival (p = .020), but not recurrence-free survival (p = .290). CD109 expression was not an independent risk factor for overall survival due to its reliability (hazard ratio, 1.58; p = .160; 95% confidence interval, 0.82 to 3.05), although we found that CD109 positivity was related to chemoresistance. The poor-response group showed higher rates of CD109 expression than the good-response group (93.8% vs 66.7%, p = .047). Also, the CD109 mRNA expression level was 2.88 times higher in the poor-response group as compared to the good-response group (p = .001). CONCLUSIONS: Examining the CD109 expression in patients with OEC may be helpful in predicting survival and chemotherapeutic effect.

5.
J Ovarian Res ; 12(1): 68, 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31337420

RESUMO

Following publication of the original article [1], the authors opted to correct the incorrect e-mail address of the corresponding author from 82-55-360-1850chungsu1982@gmail.com to chungsu1982@gmail.com , grant in the Acknowledgements section and Author details. Below are the updated version of the Acknowledgements and Author details.

6.
J Ovarian Res ; 12(1): 56, 2019 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31208449

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PD-L1 expression levels determined by immunostaining are known to be related to the survival rate and prognosis of patients with various types of cancers, as well as to the therapeutic response to immune checkpoint inhibitors. Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved an immune checkpoint inhibitor for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer along with the clones used for PD-L1 immunostaining to predict the resulting response. In this study, we performed PD-L1 immunostaining of tissue microarrays from ovarian epithelial cancer using SP263, an approved clone, and examined the effect of PD-L1 expression on survival rate and prognosis. METHODS: Tissue microarrays were constructed from ovarian epithelial cancer tissues of 248 patients and PD-L1 immunostaining was performed using the SP263 clone. PD-L1 expression levels in tumor cells, intraepithelial tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, and stromal tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes were evaluated, and the effect of PD-L1 expression on survival and prognosis was analyzed. RESULTS: PD-L1 was detected in tumor cells as well as intraepithelial tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and stromal tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. It was most frequently expressed in stromal tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. The Kaplan-Meier curve analysis and log rank test showed that only high stromal PD-L1 expression was associated with increased overall survival in ovarian serous carcinoma. Multivariate and univariate Cox regression analyses revealed that stromal PD-L1 expression was an independent prognostic factor, especially in ovarian serous carcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: PD-L1 immunostaining using SP263 was observed in tumor cells as well as intraepithelial and stromal tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. PD-L1-expressing stromal tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes were associated with an increased overall survival rate and may serve as a favorable prognostic factor in ovarian cancer, particularly serous carcinoma.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/fisiopatologia , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/diagnóstico , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/fisiopatologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/mortalidade , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Células Estromais , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
7.
Oncol Lett ; 17(5): 4557-4565, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30944645

RESUMO

Studies on tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) have focused on the clinical significance of inflammatory cells of specific subtypes that are identifiable using immunohistochemistry. However, the subtypes of inflammatory cells that reportedly affect patient survival and prognosis have differed from study to study, and few studies have examined TILs using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. Therefore, the present study aimed to identify the clinical importance of general stromal TILs in EOC by using H&E staining to apply breast cancer recommendations from the International TILs Working Group 2014 on breast cancer using H&E staining. Stromal TILs in 256 EOC cases from Pusan National University Hospital and 475 cases of high-grade serous carcinoma from The Cancer Genome Atlas dataset were assessed. Stromal TILs were evaluated using H&E-stained slides according to the breast cancer recommendations of the International Working Group 2014, and patients were classified into low and high stromal TIL groups according to their stromal TIL values. The associations of these groups with clinicopathologic factors were assessed, and it was confirmed that group membership correlated with survival and prognosis. According to the χ2 assessment, the stromal TIL group was associated with tumor grade. Furthermore, the stromal TIL group was associated with overall survival according to Kaplan-Meier analysis with the log-rank test. Finally, the stromal TIL group was an independent prognostic factor according to univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. In cases of EOC, the evaluation of general stromal TILs on H&E-stained slides could be used to predict prognosis.

8.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 50(3): 798-809, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30663160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A wide range of specificity values for the differentiation of benign and malignant soft-tissue tumors show the limitations of conventional MRI features. The data obtained by quantitative analysis of diffusion-weighted image (DWI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRIs would provide more objective results, especially in terms of cellularity and perfusion. PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic efficacies of DWI and DCE MRI for the differentiation of malignant and benign soft-tissue tumors. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. SUBJECTS: In all, 136 patients (68 females, 68 males; age range 18-86 years, mean age 57.2 years) with soft-tissue tumors. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3 T, DWI, DCE. ASSESSMENT: Tumor sizes, margins, locations, the presence of involvement in bone or neurovascular bundle, peritumoral edema, heterogeneity, and tumor necrosis were investigated on conventional MR images. On DWIs, visual signal drops were assessed and ADC (apparent diffusion coefficient) values were measured. Ktrans , Kep , Ve , and iAUC values, and time-concentration curve (TCC) types were determined using DCE images. STATISTICAL TESTS: The data were statistically analyzed to determine the abilities to differentiate benign and malignant tumors using the chi-square test, two-sample t-test, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. RESULTS: Seventy-three cases were malignant and 63 benign. Age (mean ages of benign/malignant tumors, 51.75/61.86 years; P = 0.0002) and gender (F:M = 40:23 [benign], F:M = 28:45 [malignant], P = 0.003) influenced the distinction between benign and malignant. Sizes, margins, neurovascular bundle involvement, peritumoral edema, and heterogeneity of the tumors on conventional MR images and DCE parameters (Ktrans , Kep , Ve , and iAUC, and TCC plots) obtained from focal region of interest within a narrow volume of interest significantly differentiated benign and malignant lesions (all P < 0.0001, except Ve [P = 0.0004]). For DWI with ADC mapping, all ADC values and visually signal drops were also significant (P < 0.0001). DATA CONCLUSION: DWI and DCE-MRI and derived variables were significantly helpful in discriminating benign and malignant soft-tissue tumors complementary to conventional MRI. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 Technical Efficacy: Stage 2 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2019;50:798-809.

9.
Arch Craniofac Surg ; 19(3): 231-234, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30282436

RESUMO

A schwannoma is a benign tumor that develops from Schwann cells. It is known to occur more frequently in women than men, and about one third of schwannoma cases occur in the head and neck area. It is also known to originate mainly in the auditory nerve. However, it is rarely associated with the trigeminal nerve, and especially, schwannomas related to the infraorbital nerve are very rare. we report a rare case of a schwannoma involving the infraorbital branch of the trigeminal nerve in a 45-year old male adult. The patient underwent physical examination and magnetic resonance imaging. The mass was approached through subciliary approach that is familiar to the plastic surgeon and completely resected. Histopathological findings showed pointed to a benign schwannoma. Infraorbital nerve schwannoma is difficult to distinguish from other diseases by means of clinical symptoms, physical findings, or imaging. In spite of its rarity, infraorbital nerve schwannoma may be considered a possible diagnosis in the case of mass on cheek. Assessment by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging is necessary for proper diagnosis. About the surgical approach, excision through the subciliary approach should be considered rather than the direct transfacial approach in view of stability, cosmetic effects, and familiarity.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(39): e12040, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30278486

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Prostate sarcoma has been reported to represent 0.7% of primary prostate malignancies. Leiomyosarcoma and rhabdomyosarcoma are the most common sarcomas of the prostate. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) of the prostate is very rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 22-year-old man presented with gross hematuria and voiding difficulty for 2 weeks. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a 6-cm mass in the left lobe of the prostate. DIAGNOSES: Core needle biopsy results revealed high-grade sarcoma, suggestive of poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma. The final diagnosis of laparoscopic prostatectomy was MPNST, because it did not show the presence of SYT-SSX fusion transcripts on reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis. INTERVENTIONS: Adjuvant radiotherapy was planned because preoperative positron emission tomography-computed tomography (CT) did not show any metastatic lesion and the resection margin was microscopically involved. However, chest CT showed multiple lung metastases a month after prostatectomy. A chemotherapeutic regimen of doxorubicin and ifosfamide was administered. OUTCOMES: The best response to chemotherapy was partial response. After several courses of chemotherapy, he died 9 months after the surgery. LESSONS: Primary prostate sarcoma and even MPNST are extremely rare. MPNST of the prostate has seldom been reported. This report may help diagnose and manage the disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Bainha Neural/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Neoplasias da Bainha Neural/terapia , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Próstata/patologia , Prostatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Adulto Jovem
11.
Neurocase ; 24(3): 145-150, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29987978

RESUMO

Corticobasal syndrome (CBS) is a typical phenotype of corticobasal degeneration (CBD). However, autopsy series have shown that many CBS cases emerge from various types of non-CBD pathology. We report a 73-year-old Korean man who was clinically diagnosed with CBS whose underlying pathology was Alzheimer's disease (AD) at autopsy (CBS-AD). This case suggests that early developing memory impairment and myoclonus, severe temporoparietal atrophy, and visual hallucinations may support a more specific prediction of CBS-AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Alucinações/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Memória/diagnóstico , Mioclonia/diagnóstico , Transtornos Parkinsonianos/diagnóstico , Lobo Temporal/patologia , Idoso , Doença de Alzheimer/complicações , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Atrofia/patologia , Autopsia , Alucinações/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos da Memória/etiologia , Mioclonia/etiologia , Transtornos Parkinsonianos/complicações , Transtornos Parkinsonianos/patologia
12.
Histopathology ; 73(5): 758-766, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29968390

RESUMO

AIMS: Since Xp11.2 translocation-associated renal cell carcinoma (TRCC) was first recognised, its morphological features and the clinical significance of TFE3 expression, frequency of gene translocation and diagnostic criteria have been the subject of limited studies. The present retrospective analysis aimed to evaluate the correlation between TFE3 immunoreactivity and its gene translocation status using fluorescence in-situ hybridisation (FISH) and determine how TFE3 translocation and expression affect patient prognosis differently. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 303 consecutive renal cell carcinoma cases. Immunohistochemical staining for TFE3 was performed in 303 cases, and FISH analysis was performed for molecular testing. The TCGA data set of renal cell carcinoma was evaluated to validate TFE3 expression and survival analysis. TFE3 expression was associated significantly with the nested alveolar pattern, papillary pattern, eosinophilic cytoplasm, voluminous expansile cytoplasm, nuclear grade, tumour necrosis, sarcomatoid pattern and picket fence appearance. FISH analysis showed break-apart signals in 26 of 32 (81.25%) cases expressing strong or moderate nuclear TFE3 immunoreactivity. Thirteen of 56 samples that showed no or weak TFE3 expression with morphologically suspicious cases were translocation-positive in the FISH assay. The TFE3-translocation group (harbouring TFE3 translocation regardless of TFE3 expression) showed the poorest progression-free survival (PFS), and the TFE3-expressing group (expressing TFE3 but negative for translocation) was correlated significantly with decreased PFS. CONCLUSION: Increased TFE3 expression in RCC was associated with poor PFS regardless of the gene translocation status. Moreover, morphological analysis should help to select candidates who would benefit from TFE3 staining and FISH analysis.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Neoplasias Renais/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Translocação Genética
13.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2018: 4267158, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29743810

RESUMO

Tissue engineering cell-based therapy using induced pluripotent stem cells and adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) may be promising tools for therapeutic applications in tissue engineering because of their abundance, relatively easy harvesting, and high proliferation potential. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether ASCs can promote the auricular cartilage regeneration in the rabbit. In order to assess their differentiation ability, ASCs were injected into the midportion of a surgically created auricular cartilage defect in the rabbit. Control group was injected with normal saline. After 1 month, the resected auricles were examined histopathologically and immunohistochemically. The expression of collagen type II and transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Histopathology showed islands of new cartilage formation at the site of the surgically induced defect in the ASC group. Furthermore, Masson's trichrome staining and immunohistochemistry for S-100 showed numerous positive chondroblasts. The expression of collagen type II and TGF-ß1 were significantly higher in the ASCs than in the control group. In conclusion, ASCs have regenerative effects on the auricular cartilage defect of the rabbit. These effects would be expected to contribute significantly to the regeneration of damaged cartilage tissue in vivo.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/citologia , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Condrogênese/fisiologia , Feminino , Coelhos , Células-Tronco/citologia , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Engenharia Tecidual , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
14.
J Cancer ; 9(7): 1127-1134, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29675093

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the present study was to determine the prognostic significances of markers of preoperative systemic inflammatory response (SIR) in patients with ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC). Methods: A total of 109 patients diagnosed with OCCC that underwent primary cytoreductive surgery and adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy from 2009 to 2012 were enrolled in this retrospective study. SIR markers were calculated from complete blood cell counts determined before surgery. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine optimal cut-off values for neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). Prognostic significances with respect to overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were determined by Kaplan-Meier curve and multivariate Cox regression analysis. Results: The optimized NLR, LMR and PLR cut-off values as determined by ROC curve analysis for PFS and OS were 2.3, 4.2, and 123.6, respectively. When the cohort was divided using these optimized cut-offs, NLR and LMR were found to be significantly associated with clinicopathologic factors, NLR with FIGO stage, the presence of malignant ascites, and platinum response, and LMR with FIGO stage, lymph node metastasis, malignant ascites, and platinum response. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a high NLR (> 2.3) was significantly associated with low 5-year PFS and OS rates and that a high LMR was significantly associated with high 5-year PFS and OS rates. Multivariate analysis identified FIGO stage, residual mass, and platinum response as independent prognostic factors of PFS, and FIGO stage, residual mass, platinum response, and LMR as independent prognostic factors of OS. Conclusions: Markers of systemic inflammatory response provide useful prognostic information and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio is the most reliable independent prognostic factor of overall survival in patients with ovarian clear cell carcinoma.

15.
Arch Craniofac Surg ; 19(1): 68-71, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29609437

RESUMO

Intraosseous hemangioma is an extremely rare tumor that accounts for 1% or fewer of all osseous tumors. The most common sites of its occurrence are the vertebral column and calvaria. Occurrence in a facial bone is very rare. The authors aim to report a case of the surgical treatment of intraosseous hemangioma occurring in the periorbital region, which is a very rare site of occurrence and to introduce our own experiences with the diagnosis and treatment of this condition along with a literature review. A 73-year-old male patient visited our hospital with the chief complaint of a mass touching the left orbital rim. A biopsy was performed by applying a direct incision after local anesthesia. Eventually, intraosseous hemangioma was diagnosed histologically. To fully resect the mass, the orbital floor and zygoma were exposed through a subciliary incision under general anesthesia, and then the tumor was completely eliminated. Bony defect was reconstructed by performing a seventh rib bone graft. Follow-up observation has so far been conducted for 10 months after surgery without recurrence or symptoms.

16.
J Craniofac Surg ; 29(3): e255-e257, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29461370

RESUMO

Actinomycosis is a subacute-to-chronic bacterial infection caused by filamentous, gram-positive, non-acid-fast, anaerobic-to-microaerophilic bacteria. It is characterized by continuous spread, suppurative and granulomatous inflammation, and formation of multiple abscesses and sinus tracts that may discharge sulfur granules. Although the most common clinical forms of actinomycosis are cervicofacial, involvement of the nose and paranasal sinuses are extremely rare. Furthermore, nasal cavity actinomycosis mimicking rhinolith has not been reported in the literature previously. This article reports a patient of nasal cavity actinomycosis causing symptoms similar to those of a rhinolith, which was successfully treated by surgical debridement and antibiotic therapy.


Assuntos
Actinomicose , Cavidade Nasal , Doenças Nasais , Actinomyces , Actinomicose/diagnóstico , Actinomicose/microbiologia , Actinomicose/patologia , Actinomicose/terapia , Adulto , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Desbridamento , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Cavidade Nasal/microbiologia , Cavidade Nasal/patologia , Doenças Nasais/diagnóstico , Doenças Nasais/microbiologia , Doenças Nasais/patologia , Doenças Nasais/terapia
17.
Skeletal Radiol ; 47(3): 407-411, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29038921

RESUMO

Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disorder that is characterized by the presence of noncaseating granulomas in tissues, involving many organs and tissues. Extra-pulmonary, especially muscular sarcoidosis is a rare condition. The most common location of the muscular sarcoidosis is known to be the proximal muscles of the extremities; however, there have been no cases of diffuse involvement of the chest and abdominal wall muscles. Here, we report a rare muscular sarcoidosis with infiltrative pattern in the chest and abdominal wall muscles and describe the MR imaging findings that were mistaken as lymphoma at initial diagnosis. Although our case did not show characteristic MR findings of muscular sarcoidosis, clinicians or radiologists who are aware of these imaging features can perform early systemic survey for sarcoidosis. Also muscle biopsy is very important to confirm the sarcoidosis and distinguish it from other tumors.


Assuntos
Parede Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Musculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcoidose/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Parede Abdominal/patologia , Biópsia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Doenças Musculares/patologia , Sarcoidose/patologia , Doenças Torácicas/patologia
18.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 17(1): 141, 2017 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29207963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognosis of a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is influenced by its anatomic site; however, few studies on the prognosis of gastric GISTs have been reported. The aims of this study were to evaluate long-term prognoses of patients who underwent surgical resection for gastric GISTs and to compare the clinical efficacy of two staging systems: the National Institutes of Health (NIH) consensus criteria and the 7th Union for International Cancer Control/American Joint Committee on Cancer (UICC/AJCC) tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging system. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study of 145 patients who underwent surgical resection for gastric GISTs between February 2001 and June 2012 at Pusan National University Hospital (Busan, Korea). Recurrence and 5-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates were analyzed. RESULTS: During a median follow-up period of 44 months (range, 6-144 months), 11 recurrent lesions were detected in 9 patients (6.4%). On multivariate analysis, tumor size (>5 cm), mitotic count (>5/50 high-power fields), and epithelioid and mixed pathological type were significantly associated with recurrence. The overall 5-year RFS rate was 93.4%. Although no statistically significant differences were detected (C-statistic difference P = 0.886), all metrics showed lower values for the UICC/AJCC TNM staging system than for the NIH consensus criteria, suggesting that the UICC/AJCC TNM staging system may be a better model. CONCLUSIONS: The 5-year RFS rate in patients who underwent curative resection for gastric GISTs was excellent. The UICC/AJCC TNM staging system may be more useful than the NIH consensus criteria for risk categorization of patients with gastric GISTs.


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/mortalidade , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Ann Diagn Pathol ; 31: 9-13, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29146062

RESUMO

Adrenocortical adenomas and carcinomas in other parenchyma are extremely rare, with few cases reported and because of the rarity of these tumors, they occasionally cause problems during diagnosis. Adrenal cortical neoplasms in liver parenchyma can be present in 3 forms, including direct invasion or adhesion to liver parenchyma, tumors arising in adrenohepatic fusion tissue or in ectopic adrenal gland tissue. We report 3 cases of adrenal cortical tumors that were misdiagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma in the preoperative state. The first case involved an adrenocortical adenoma arising in adrenohepatic fusion tissue. The remaining 2 cases involved an adrenocortical carcinoma and an adrenocortical oncocytoma arising in ectopic adrenal tissue in the liver. We describe the clinical presentations, gross, microscopic findings, immunohistochemical findings with respect to each case, with emphasis on differential diagnosis from hepatocellular carcinoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/diagnóstico , Glândulas Suprarrenais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Coristoma/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/patologia , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Erros de Diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Obstet Gynecol Sci ; 60(6): 602-607, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29184871

RESUMO

Strumal carcinoid tumor of the ovary is a rare subtype of ovarian carcinoid tumors; it is characterized by an intimate mixture of thyroid and carcinoid tissues. We present a case of a 64-year-old woman who presented with the chief complaint of persistent, severe constipation for over 5 years; she was later found to have an ovarian strumal carcinoid tumor. Computed tomography showed a well-defined solid mass measuring 6.4 cm at the right adnexa. The patient underwent right salpingo-oophorectomy and was histopathologically diagnosed as having a strumal carcinoid tumor. Immunohistochemical examination showed immunoreactivity for peptide YY (PYY), which exerts an inhibitory effect on the peristaltic actions of the distal intestine. After surgery, the patient's constipation resolved rapidly, suggesting a correlation between PYY producing ovarian carcinoid tumor and constipation. This is the first case report of PYY producing primary strumal carcinoid tumor of the ovary associated with persistent, severe constipation from Korea.

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