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1.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 151, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919343

RESUMO

State-of-the-art halide perovskite solar cells have bandgaps larger than 1.45 eV, which restricts their potential for realizing the Shockley-Queisser limit. Previous search for low-bandgap (1.2 to 1.4 eV) halide perovskites has resulted in several candidates, but all are hybrid organic-inorganic compositions, raising potential concern regarding device stability. Here we show the promise of an inorganic low-bandgap (1.38 eV) CsPb0.6Sn0.4I3 perovskite stabilized via interface functionalization. Device efficiency up to 13.37% is demonstrated. The device shows high operational stability under one-sun-intensity illumination, with T80 and T70 lifetimes of 653 h and 1045 h, respectively (T80 and T70 represent efficiency decays to 80% and 70% of the initial value, respectively), and long-term shelf stability under nitrogen atmosphere. Controlled exposure of the device to ambient atmosphere during a long-term (1000 h) test does not degrade the efficiency. These findings point to a promising direction for achieving low-bandgap perovskite solar cells with high stability.

2.
Nanotechnology ; 29(34): 345402, 2018 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29848808

RESUMO

Polycrystalline p-type Cu1.8S composites with WSe2 nanoparticles were fabricated by the mechanical alloying method combined with the spark plasma sintering technique. The Seebeck coefficient was significantly enhanced by the optimized carrier concentration, while the thermal conductivity was simultaneously decreased due to the refined grain and WSe2 nanoparticles. An enhanced Seebeck coefficient of 110 µV K-1 and a reduced thermal conductivity of 0.68 W m-1 K-1 were obtained for the Cu1.8S + 1 wt% WSe2 sample at 773 K, resulting in a remarkably enhanced peak ZT of 1.22 at 773 K, which is 2.5 times higher than that (0.49 at 773 K) of a pristine Cu1.8S sample. The cheap and environmentally friendly Cu1.8S-based materials with enhanced properties may find promising applications in thermoelectric devices.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(28): 9714-9720, 2017 07 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28635266

RESUMO

We report the high thermoelectric performance of p-type polycrystalline SnSe obtained by the synergistic tailoring of band structures and atomic-scale defect phonon scattering through (Na,K)-codoping. The energy offsets of multiple valence bands in SnSe are decreased after Na doping and further reduced by (Na,K)-codoping, resulting in an enhancement in the Seebeck coefficient and an increase in the power factor to 492 µW m-1 K-2. The lattice thermal conductivity of polycrystalline SnSe is decreased by the introduction of effective phonon scattering centers, such as point defects and antiphase boundaries. The lattice thermal conductivity of the material is reduced to values as low as 0.29 W m-1 K-1 at 773 K, whereas ZT is increased from 0.3 for 1% Na-doped SnSe to 1.2 for 1% (Na,K)-codoped SnSe.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 9(5): 4828-4834, 2017 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28084071

RESUMO

Bismuth sulfide (Bi2S3) has been of high interest for thermoelectric applications due to the high abundance of sulfur on Earth. However, the low electrical conductivity of pristine Bi2S3 results in a low figure of merit (ZT). In this work, Bi2S3@Bi core-shell nanowires with different Bi shell thicknesses were prepared by a hydrothermal method. The core-shell nanowires were densified to Bi/Bi2S3 nanocomposite by spark plasma sintering (SPS), and the structure of the nanowire was maintained as the nanocomposite due to rapid SPS processing and low sintering temperature. The thermoelectric properties of bulk samples were investigated. The electrical conductivity of a bulk sample after sintering at 673 K for 5 min using Bi2S3@Bi nanowire powders prepared by treating Bi2S3 nanowires in a hydrazine solution for 3 h is 3 orders of magnitude greater than that of a pristine Bi2S3 sample. The nanocomposite possessed the highest ZT value of 0.36 at 623 K. This represents a new strategy for densifying core-shell powders to enhance their thermoelectric properties.

5.
Sci Rep ; 6: 34007, 2016 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27659072

RESUMO

The ordered non-stoichiometric V8C7 can form in the VCy carbides by the disorder-order phase transformation. The intrusion of ordered carbon vacancies can affect their stability, mechanical, thermal and electronic properties. The relatively thermodynamic stability and mechanical properties at high temperature for the ordered stoichiometric VC and non-stoichiometric V8C7 are investigated in this paper by first-principle calculations combined with the quasi-harmonic approximation. The difference between the properties of VC and V8C7 can be obtained. We find that the V8C7 is thermodynamic more stable than VC, but has weaker elastic heat resistance than VC. Moreover, the minimum thermal conductivity of VC is a little larger than V8C7 and a simple way is proposed to characterize the anisotropy of lattice thermal conductivity based on the Cahill's model.

6.
Sci Rep ; 6: 21821, 2016 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26902857

RESUMO

A recently experimental discovered (Cheng et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 117001 (2015)) of superconductivity on the border of long-range magnetic order in the itinerant-electron helimagnet MnP via the application of high pressure makes MnP the first Mn-based superconductor. In this paper, we carry out first-principles calculations on MnX (X = N, P, As, Sb) and find superconducting critical temperature TC of MnP sharply increases near the critical pressure PC ≈ 8 GPa, which is in good agreement with the experiments. Electron-phonon coupling constant λ and electronic density of states at the Fermi level N (EF) are found to increase with pressure for MnP, which lead to the increase of TC of MnP. Moreover, we also find that the TC of MnAs and MnSb are higher than MnP, implying that the MnAs and MnSb may be the more potential Mn-based superconducting materials.

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