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1.
Curr Med Res Opin ; : 1-14, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136462

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare direct costs and treatment utility associated with the second-line therapy with rituximab and tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFis) (adalimumab, etanercept, and infliximab) in patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) using data from a prospective registry. METHODS: Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) scores and RA-related healthcare resource utilization data (biologic agents and visits to rheumatologists) were extracted from a registry (Quebec, Canada) for patients with RA (n = 129) who had to discontinue a first-line TNFi and were treated with rituximab, adalimumab, etanercept, or infliximab as the second-line therapy between January 2007 and May 2016. A decision analytic model followed patients for 1 and 6 years. Treatment utility was measured as quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) gained, which were calculated from HAQ-DI scores observed over the follow-up time. Quebec 2020 unit costs (Canadian Dollars, $) were used to value healthcare resource consumption. A probabilistic sensitivity analysis was performed with 10,000 Monte Carlo simulations to assess uncertainty around point-estimates of cost-utility. RESULTS: Over 1-year, rituximab and etanercept resulted in the effectiveness of 0.80 QALYs gained at the cost of $14,291and $18,880, respectively, and were dominant (i.e. associated with lower costs and more QALYs gained) compared to adalimumab (0.79 QALYs, $18,825) and infliximab (0.76 QALYs, $20,158). Over 6-years, rituximab (4.42 QALYs, $82,402) was dominant compared to adalimumab (4.30 QALYs, $101,420), etanercept (4.02 QALYs, $99,191), and infliximab (3.71 QALYs, $100,396). In the probabilistic analysis, rituximab was dominant over adalimumab, etanercept, and infliximab with the probability of 0.51, 0.62, and 0.65, respectively. CONCLUSION: Real-world data revealed differences between alternative biologic agents used as the second-line therapy in terms of both treatment costs for the healthcare system and utility of treatment for patients. Therefore, new guidelines on the order of selecting and switching biologic agents should be explored.

2.
BMC Rheumatol ; 4: 46, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32968710

RESUMO

Background: Long-term clinical registries are essential tools to evaluate new therapies in a patient population that differs from those in randomized clinical trials. The objectives are to describe the profile of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with anti-TNF agents in Canadian routine care. Methods: RA patients eligible for treatment with Infliximab (IFX), golimumab (GLM) or intravenous golimumab (GLM-IV) as per their respective Canadian product monographs were enrolled into the BioTRAC registry between 2002 and 2017. Study visits occurred at baseline and every 6 months thereafter. Effectiveness was assessed by changes in disease activity. Safety was evaluated by the incidence of adverse events (AEs) and drug survival. Results: Of the 890 IFX-, 530 GLM- and 157 GLM-IV-treated patients, the proportion of females ranged from 77.0-86.6%, the mean ages from 55.8-57.7 and the mean disease duration from 6.5-8.6 years. A significant decrease in baseline disease duration and disease activity parameters (DAS, TJC, SJC, HAQ, AM stiffness, MDGA, PtGA, CRP, ESR) was observed over time. Treatment with IFX, GLM- and GLM-IV significantly improved all disease parameters over time. The incidence of AEs was 105, 113 and 82.6 /100 PYs and the incidence of SAEs was 11.7, 11.2 and 4.68 /100 PYs for IFX, GLM- and GLM-IV-treated patients, respectively. Conclusion: Differences in baseline characteristics between patients treated with an anti-TNFs over time shows the evolution of treatment modalities over time. All treatments significantly reduced disease activity and improved functionality in a similar fashion. The incidence of adverse events was consistent with the safety profiles of IFX and GLM. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00741793 (Retrospectively registered on August 26, 2008).

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810263

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: RF and ACPA are used as diagnostic tools and their presence has been associated with clinical response to some biologic DMARDs (bDMARDs) in RA. This study compared the impact of seropositivity on drug discontinuation and effectiveness of bDMARDs in patients with RA, using head-to-head comparisons in a real-world setting. METHODS: We conducted a pooled analysis of 16 observational RA registries. Inclusion criteria were a diagnosis of RA, initiation of treatment with rituximab (RTX), abatacept (ABA), tocilizumab (TCZ) or TNF inhibitors (TNFis) and available information on RF and/or ACPA status. Drug discontinuation was analysed using Cox regression, including drug, seropositivity, their interaction, adjusting for concomitant and past treatments and patient and disease characteristics and accounting for country and calendar year of bDMARD initiation. Effectiveness was analysed using the Clinical Disease Activity Index evolution over time. RESULTS: Among the 27 583 eligible patients, the association of seropositivity with drug discontinuation differed across bDMARDs (P for interaction <0.001). The adjusted hazard ratios for seropositive compared with seronegative patients were 1.01 (95% CI 0.95, 1.07) for TNFis, 0.89 (0.78, 1.02)] for TCZ, 0.80 (0.72, 0.88) for ABA and 0.70 (0.59, 0.84) for RTX. Adjusted differences in remission and low disease activity rates between seropositive and seronegative patients followed the same pattern, with no difference in TNFis, a small difference in TCZ, a larger difference in ABA and the largest difference in RTX (Lundex remission difference +5.9%, low disease activity difference +11.6%). CONCLUSION: Seropositivity was associated with increased effectiveness of non-TNFi bDMARDs, especially RTX and ABA, but not TNFis.

4.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 138, 2019 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment persistence is an important consideration when selecting a therapy for chronic conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We assessed the long-term persistence of abatacept or a tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) following (1) inadequate response to a conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (first-line biologic agent) and (2) inadequate response to a first biologic DMARD (second-line biologic agent). METHODS: Data were extracted from the Rhumadata® registry for patients with RA prescribed either abatacept or a TNFi (adalimumab, certolizumab, etanercept, golimumab, or infliximab) who met the study selection criteria. The primary outcome was persistence to abatacept and TNFi treatment, as first- or second-line biologics. Secondary outcomes included the proportion of patients discontinuing therapy, reasons for discontinuation, and predictors of discontinuation. Persistence was defined as the time from initiation to discontinuation of biologic therapy. Baseline characteristics were compared using descriptive statistics; cumulative persistence rates were estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods, compared using the log-rank test. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were used to compare the persistence between treatments, controlling for baseline covariates. RESULTS: Overall, 705 patients met the selection criteria for first-line biologic agent initiation (abatacept, n = 92; TNFi, n = 613) and 317 patients met the criteria for second-line biologic agent initiation (abatacept, n = 105; TNFi, n = 212). There were no clinically significant differences in baseline characteristics between the treatments with either first- or second-line biologics. Persistence was similar between the first-line biologic treatments (p = 0.7406) but significantly higher for abatacept compared with TNFi as a second-line biologic (p = 0.0001). Mean (SD) times on first-line biologic abatacept and TNFi use were 4.53 (0.41) and 5.35 (0.20) years, and 4.80 (0.45) and 2.82 (0.24) years, respectively, as second-line biologic agents. The proportion of patients discontinuing abatacept and TNFi in first-line was 51.1% vs. 59.5% (p = 0.1404), respectively. In second-line, it was 57.1% vs. 74.1% (p = 0.0031). The main reasons for stopping both treatments were inefficacy and adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: Abatacept and TNFi use demonstrated similar persistence rates at 9 years as a first-line biologic agent. As a second-line biologic agent, abatacept had better persistence rates over a TNFi.


Assuntos
Abatacepte/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Resistência a Medicamentos , Sistema de Registros , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Suspensão de Tratamento
5.
J Rheumatol ; 44(12): 1813-1822, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28966205

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a Canadian Rheumatoid Arthritis Core Clinical Dataset (CAN-RACCD) to standardize documentation encouraging high-quality care. METHODS: A set of candidate elements was drafted through meetings with 27 rheumatologists, researchers, and patients, and supplemented with focused literature reviews. A 3-round online-modified Delphi consensus process was held with rheumatologists (n = 26), allied health professionals (n = 7), and patients (n = 4); for the remainder there was no demographic information. Participants rated both the importance and feasibility of documenting candidate elements on a Likert scale of 1-9, contributed to an online moderated discussion, and re-rated the elements for inclusion in the CAN-RACCD. Elements were included in the final set if importance and feasibility ratings had a median score of ≥ 6.5 and there was no disagreement among participants. RESULTS: Fifty-five individual elements in 10 subgroups were proposed to the Delphi participants: measures of RA disease activity; dates to calculate waiting times, disease duration, and disease-modifying antirheumatic drug start; comorbidities; smoking status; patient-reported pain and fatigue; physical function; laboratory and radiographic investigations; medications; clinical characteristics; and vaccines. All groups were included in the final set, with the exception of vaccination status. Additionally, 3 individual elements from the smoking subgroup were eliminated with a recommendation to record smoking status as never/ever/current, and 2 elements relating to coping and effect of fatigue were eliminated due to low feasibility and importance ratings. CONCLUSION: The CAN-RACCD stands as a national recommendation on which data elements should be routinely collected in clinical practice to monitor and support high-quality RA care.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Padrões de Prática Médica , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Reumatologia/normas , Canadá , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
6.
Rheumatol Int ; 37(7): 1111-1123, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28560470

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder leading to disability and reduced quality of life. Effective treatment with biologic DMARDs poses a significant economic burden. The Abatacept versus Adalimumab Comparison in Biologic-Naïve RA Subjects with Background Methotrexate (AMPLE) trial was a head-to-head, randomized study comparing abatacept in serum anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA)-positive patients, with increasing efficacy across ACPA quartile levels. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost per response accrued using abatacept versus adalimumab in ACPA-positive and ACPA-negative patients with RA from the health care perspective in Germany, Italy, Spain, the US and Canada. A cost-consequence analysis (CCA) was designed to compare the monthly costs per responding patient/patient in remission. Efficacy, safety and resource use inputs were based on the AMPLE trial. A one-way deterministic sensitivity analysis (OWSA) was also performed to assess the impact of model inputs on the results for total incremental costs. Cost per response in ACPA-positive patients favoured abatacept compared with adalimumab (ACR20, ACR90 and HAQ-DI). Subgroup analysis favoured abatacept with increasing stringency of response criteria and serum ACPA levels. Cost per remission (DAS28-CRP) favoured abatacept in ACPA-negative patients, while cost per CDAI and SDAI favoured abatacept in ACPA-positive patients. Abatacept was consistently favoured in ACPA-Q4 patients across all outcomes and countries. Cost savings were greater with abatacept when more stringent response criteria were applied and also with increasing ACPA levels, which could lead to a lower overall health care budget impact with abatacept compared with adalimumab.


Assuntos
Abatacepte/economia , Abatacepte/uso terapêutico , Adalimumab/economia , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Anti-Proteína Citrulinada/sangue , Antirreumáticos/economia , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/economia , Custos de Medicamentos , Abatacepte/efeitos adversos , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Canadá , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Redução de Custos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Modelos Econômicos , Indução de Remissão , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
7.
Adv Ther ; 34(5): 1157-1172, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28417318

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Brenzys was developed as an etanercept biosimilar of Enbrel. The aim of this study was to assess preference and perceived ease of use for the new Brenzys autoinjector compared to the currently available marketed Enbrel MYCLIC autoinjector (Australia) and Enbrel SureClick autoinjector (Canada) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Because RA affects manual dexterity, ease of use of an autoinjector is a particularly important consideration in developing effective self-delivery of long-term courses of therapy. METHODS: Patients (N = 191) reporting a diagnosis of RA and nurses and rheumatologists (N = 90) with experience managing RA were shown how to use Brenzys and Enbrel autoinjectors (in counterbalanced order between participants), then they used each autoinjector by injecting into a pad simulating skin, and completed a questionnaire. Study sessions took place in Australia and Canada. RESULTS: A binomial test showed that significantly more patients indicated that the Brenzys autoinjector was easier to use than the Enbrel autoinjector (79% reporting Brenzys easier to use; p < 0.001, two-sided, 95% CI [73%, 85%]). In addition, significantly more nurses and rheumatologists with experience managing RA also indicated that the Brenzys autoinjector was easier to use (86%; p < 0.001, two-sided, 95% CI [77%, 92%) and that they would recommend the buttonless Brenzys autoinjector over the Enbrel autoinjector to patients (83%; p < 0.001, two-sided, 95% CI [74%, 90%]). Almost all patients who reported past experience using an Enbrel autoinjector (N = 17) reported on the basis of using the two devices in the study that they would prefer to switch their device to the Brenzys autoinjector rather than continue their course of therapy using the Enbrel autoinjector (16/17, 94%, 95% CI [71%, 100%]). CONCLUSION: On the basis of the study results, the Brenzys autoinjector was rated statistically significantly easier to use, and was overall preferred by patients and healthcare professionals with experience managing RA patients. FUNDING: Merck & Co., Inc.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/uso terapêutico , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Austrália , Canadá , Estudos Cross-Over , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Preferência do Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
8.
Clin Rheumatol ; 36(4): 773-779, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27966068

RESUMO

Some evidences suggest that obesity impairs the effectiveness of TNF inhibitors. We examined the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the clinical effectiveness of abatacept in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. This is a pooled analysis of 10 prospective cohorts of RA patients. All patients with available BMI were included in this study. The primary endpoint was drug retention of abatacept in the different BMI categories. Multivariable Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for drug discontinuation. A secondary endpoint was EULAR/LUNDEX response rates at 6/12 months. Of the 2015 RA patients initiating therapy with IV abatacept, 380 (18.9%) were classified as obese. Obese patients had more functional disability, and were less often RF positive. The median abatacept retention time was 1.91 years for obese RA patients compared to 2.12 years for non-obese patients (p = 0.15). The risk of abatacept discontinuation was not significantly different for overweight (HR 1.03 (95% CI 0.89-1.19)), or for obese (HR 1.08 (95% CI 0.89-1.30)) compared to normal-weight patients. Rheumatoid factor positivity reduced the risk of abatacept discontinuation (HR 0.83 (95% CI 0.72-0.95)), while previous biologic therapy was positively associated with drug interruption (HRs increasing from 1.68 to 2.16 with the line of treatments). Obese and non-obese patients attained similar rates of EULAR/LUNDEX clinical response at 6/12 months. Drug retention and clinical response rates to abatacept do not seem to be decreased by obesity in RA patients.


Assuntos
Abatacepte/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Índice de Massa Corporal , Abatacepte/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Indução de Remissão , Fator Reumatoide/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
BMJ Open ; 6(4): e009661, 2016 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27048632

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the profile of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) treated with infliximab in Canadian routine care and to assess the effectiveness and safety of infliximab in real world. SETTING: 46 primary care rheumatology practices across Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 303 biological-naïve patients with AS or patients previously treated with a biological for <6 months and who were eligible for infliximab treatment as per routine care within the Biologic Treatment Registry Across Canada (BioTRAC). INTERVENTION: Not applicable (non-interventional study). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOMES: Effectiveness was assessed with changes in disease parameters (AS Disease Activity Score (ASDAS), Bath AS Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Bath AS Functional Index (BASFI), Health Assessment Questionnaire Disease Index (HAQ-DI), physician global assessment of disease activity (MDGA), patient global disease activity (PtGA), back pain, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), morning stiffness). Safety was assessed with the incidence of adverse events (AEs). RESULTS: Of the 303 patients included, 44.6% were enrolled in 2005-2007 and 55.4% in 2008-2013. Patients enrolled in 2005-2007 had significantly higher MDGA and ESR at baseline while all other disease parameters examined were numerically higher with the exception of PtGA. Treatment with infliximab significantly (p<0.001) improved all disease parameters over time in both groups. At 6 months, 56% and 31% of patients achieved clinically important (change≥1.1) and major (change≥2.0) improvement in ASDAS, respectively; at 48 months, these proportions increased to 75% and 50%, respectively. Among patients unemployed due to disability at baseline, 12.1% returned to work (mean Kaplan-Meier (KM)-based time=38.8 months). The estimated retention rate at 12 and 24 months was 78.3% and 60.1%, respectively. The profile and incidence of AEs were comparable to data previously reported for tumour necrosis factor-α inhibitors. CONCLUSIONS: Characteristics of patients with AS at infliximab initiation changed over time towards lower disease activity and shorter disease duration. Infliximab treatment significantly reduced disease activity independent of treatment initiation year, although patients enrolled in recent years achieved lower disease activity over 48 months. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT00741793.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Canadá , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Infliximab/efeitos adversos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Análise de Regressão , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
J Rheumatol ; 42(7): 1105-11, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26077415

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Infliximab (IFX) is a therapeutic monoclonal antibody targeting tumor necrosis factor-α indicated in the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases. IFX is administered by intravenous infusion and may be associated with different types of infusion reactions. METHODS: RemiTRAC Infusion (NCT00723905) is a Canadian observational registry in which patients receiving IFX are followed prospectively to document premedication use, adverse events, infusion reactions, and the management of infusion reactions. The primary endpoint was to assess factors associated with infusion reactions. RESULTS: There were 1632 patients enrolled and 24,852 infusions recorded. Most patients (63.1%) were treated for rheumatologic conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, or psoriatic arthritis. Of the 1632 patients, 201 (12.3%) reported at least 1 infusion reaction. Three hundred twenty-two infusions were associated with an infusion reaction (1.3%), and most were mild to moderate in severity (95%). The most common infusion reactions were pruritus (19.9%), flushing (9.9%), or dyspnea (6.2%). Multivariate analysis showed that antihistamines premedication, number of previous infusion reactions, and female sex were significantly associated with an increased incidence of infusion reactions (p < 0.0011). The use of any concomitant immunosuppressant or corticosteroids did not influence the incidence of infusion reactions. Antihistamine premedication was associated with an increased incidence of infusion reactions (OR 1.58, p = 0.0007). CONCLUSION: This registry shows that in community-based infusion clinics, infusion reactions to IFX are uncommon and mild to moderate in nature. Antihistamines, intravenous steroids, and acetaminophen are widely used as preventative premedication, although this study showed an absence of benefit with their use.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Infliximab/efeitos adversos , Infusões Intravenosas/efeitos adversos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais
11.
Biologicals ; 42(4): 177-83, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24962198

RESUMO

A biosimilar is intended to be highly similar to a reference biologic such that any differences in quality attributes (i.e., molecular characteristics) do not affect safety or efficacy. Achieving this benchmark for biologics, especially large glycoproteins such as monoclonal antibodies, is challenging given their complex structure and manufacturing. Regulatory guidance on biosimilars issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Health Canada and European Medicines Agency indicates that, in addition to a demonstration of a high degree of similarity in quality attributes, a reduced number of nonclinical and clinical comparative studies can be sufficient for approval. Following a tiered approach, clinical studies are required to address concerns about possible clinically significant differences that remain after laboratory and nonclinical evaluations. Consequently, a critical question arises: can clinical studies that satisfy concerns regarding safety and efficacy in one condition support "indication extrapolation" to other conditions? This question will be addressed by reviewing the case of a biosimilar to infliximab that was approved recently in South Korea, Europe, and Canada for multiple indications through extrapolation. The principles discussed should also apply to biosimilars of other monoclonal antibodies that are approved to treat multiple distinct conditions.


Assuntos
Medicamentos Biossimilares/uso terapêutico , Aprovação de Drogas/métodos , Medicamentos Biossimilares/farmacocinética , Canadá , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/normas , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/imunologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/metabolismo , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , República da Coreia , Equivalência Terapêutica , Estados Unidos , United States Food and Drug Administration
12.
Clin Rheumatol ; 33(8): 1049-53, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24554383

RESUMO

Reactivation of latent tuberculosis (LTB) has been described with the use of anti-TNFs. Combined treatment of isoniazid (INH) and disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) can potentially increase the risk of hepatotoxicity. The goal of this study was to investigate the risk of hepatotoxicity in rheumatic patients taking INH while on DMARDs and/or biologics. We reviewed the Institut de Rhumatologie de Montréal database (Rhumadata®) for rheumatic patients with positive tuberculin skin test or quantiFERON who took INH between August 2001 and April 2011. Liver function tests (LFTs) were collected at baseline and during therapy, and LFTs up to 9 months prior to INH initiation were used as controls. Of 922 patients screened for LTB, 87 patients tested positive. During INH treatment, 75.9 % were taking DMARDs, 82.8 % were taking biologics. A total of 375 LFTs performed while on INH were compared to 211 available tests collected prior to INH therapy. Twenty-four percent of the patients had abnormal LFTs during INH compared to 12.1 % prior to INH (p = 0.0481). Most of these abnormalities were mild or transient, but 8 % (seven patients) had significant abnormalities leading to INH discontinuation. Among these patients, mean (min, max) was 241 (52, 617) for AST and 262 (92, 669) for ALT. Although the use of INH therapy in combination with DMARDs and/or biologics was generally well tolerated, the rate of LFT abnormalities was higher when patients were exposed to INH, and significant abnormalities were more frequent than reported in the INH literature. It is prudent to closely follow the LFTs of these patients.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Antituberculosos/efeitos adversos , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Isoniazida/efeitos adversos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Antituberculosos/administração & dosagem , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Produtos Biológicos/administração & dosagem , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Isoniazida/administração & dosagem , Isoniazida/uso terapêutico , Fígado/enzimologia , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 66(8): 1142-51, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24470077

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with infliximab in Canadian routine care and to assess the real-world effectiveness and safety of infliximab. METHODS: Biologics-naive RA patients from the Biologic Treatment Registry Across Canada were stratified based on their enrollment year. Effectiveness was assessed with the changes in clinical/laboratory parameters and patient-reported outcomes and the achievement of minimal disease activity and remission. Safety was assessed with the incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs). RESULTS: Among 628 patients, 45.9%, 34.6%, and 19.6% were enrolled between 2002-2005, 2005-2008, and 2008-2011, respectively. Patients recruited in more recent years had significantly lower Disease Activity Score with a 28-joint count using the C-reactive protein level (DAS28-CRP), Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI), Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI), swollen joint count in 28 joints, tender joint count in 28 joints, physician's global assessment of disease activity, patient's global assessment of disease activity, Health Assessment Questionnaire disability index, pain, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and CRP level (P < 0.01 for all). Patient management also changed with a trend to initiate infliximab after failure of fewer disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Six-month treatment with infliximab resulted in statistically significant and clinically important improvements in all disease parameters examined, which were sustained over 36 months. The cumulative probability of achieving remission by 36 months, as defined by the DAS28, SDAI, and CDAI, was 56.2 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 47.8-64.8), 31.0 (95% CI 23.8-39.8), and 36.2 (95% CI 28.5-45.3), respectively, which was significantly greater in patients with lower baseline disease activity. The profile and incidence of AEs were comparable to data previously reported for tumor necrosis factor α inhibitors. CONCLUSION: RA patient characteristics at infliximab initiation changed over time toward lower disease activity. Furthermore, a trend to treat patients with fewer DMARDs before initiation of infliximab was observed. However, treatment with infliximab was effective in significantly reducing disease activity independent of the treatment initiation year.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Canadá , Feminino , Humanos , Infliximab , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Cartilage ; 4(3): 219-26, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26069668

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To predict, using clinical and qMRI data, the incidence of total knee replacement (TKR) during the long-term follow-up of knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients who formerly received chondroitin sulfate (CS) or placebo treatment. DESIGN: A post hoc intention-to-treat analysis to evaluate the incidence of TKR was done on knee OA patients who had participated in a 12-month trial evaluating the impact of CS (800 mg/d) versus placebo for 6 months, followed by a 6-month open-phase in which all patients received CS. Additionally, the clinical and qMRI predictors of TKR were determined. RESULTS: Thirteen TKRs were performed in the population after a 4-year follow-up. More TKRs were performed in the placebo group than in the CS group (69% vs. 31%, P = 0.150, logistic regression). The statistically significant predictors of TKRs were, at baseline, higher WOMAC pain and function scores, presence of bone marrow lesions (BMLs), and higher C-reactive protein levels. Loss of medial cartilage volume and increase in WOMAC pain and function at one-year were also predictors of TKR. Multivariate analyses revealed that baseline presence of BML and higher WOMAC pain score were independent predictors. Time to occurrence of the TKR also favored the CS group versus placebo (log-rank, P = 0.094). CONCLUSION: Symptoms such as knee pain and function, presence of BML, and cartilage volume loss predict the long-term occurrence of a "hard" outcome such as TKR.

15.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 72(10): 1621-7, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23065731

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine which of two referral strategies, when used by referring physicians for patients with chronic back pain (CBP), is superior for diagnosing axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) by rheumatologists across several countries. METHODS: Primary care referral sites in 16 countries were randomised (1 : 1) to refer patients with CBP lasting >3 months and onset before age 45 years to a rheumatologist using either strategy 1 (any of inflammatory back pain (IBP), HLA-B27 or sacroiliitis on imaging) or strategy 2 (two of the following: IBP, HLA-B27, sacroiliitis, family history of axial SpA, good response to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, extra-articular manifestations). The rheumatologist established the diagnosis. The primary analysis compared the proportion of patients diagnosed with definite axial SpA by referral strategy. RESULTS: Patients (N=1072) were referred by 278 sites to 64 rheumatologists: 504 patients by strategy 1 and 568 patients by strategy 2. Axial SpA was diagnosed in 35.6% and 39.8% of patients referred by these respective strategies (between-group difference 4.40%; 95% CI -7.09% to 15.89%; p=0.447). IBP was the most frequently used referral criterion (94.7% of cases), showing high concordance (85.4%) with rheumatologists' assessments, and having sensitivity and a negative predictive value of >85% but a positive predictive value and specificity of <50%. Combining IBP with other criteria (eg, sacroiliitis, HLA-B27) increased the likelihood for diagnosing axial SpA. CONCLUSIONS: A referral strategy based on three criteria leads to a diagnosis of axial SpA in approximately 35% of patients with CBP and is applicable across countries and geographical locales with presumably different levels of expertise in axial SpA.


Assuntos
Encaminhamento e Consulta/organização & administração , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Dor nas Costas/etiologia , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Antígeno HLA-B27/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Sacroileíte/etiologia , Espondilartrite/complicações , Espondilartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilartrite/genética
16.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 70(8): 1382-8, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21551506

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify predictive factors for total knee replacement (TKR) using data from MRI of knee osteoarthritis patients in a phase III multicentre disease-modifying osteoarthritis drug (DMOAD) study. METHODS: Knee osteoarthritis patients from a 2-year clinical trial evaluating licofelone versus naproxen were investigated for the incidence of TKR of the study knee. Patients (n=161) who completed the study according to protocol were selected. Incidence of TKR was assessed blindly to the treatment following telephone interviews (n=123). RESULTS: 18 TKR (14.6%) were performed in 4-7 years following enrolment in the original study. More TKR were performed within the naproxen than the licofelone group (61% vs 39%, p=0.232). Baseline score of bone marrow lesions (BML) in the medial compartment (p=0.0001), medial joint space width (JSW) as assessed by standardised radiographs (p=0.0008), presence of severe medial meniscal tear (p=0.004), medial meniscal extrusion (p=0.013), and C-reactive protein level (p=0.049) were strong predictors of TKR. Changes at the end of the study also yielded strong predictors: change in cartilage volume of the medial compartment (p=0.005) and of the global knee (p=0.034), reduction in the JSW of greater than 7% (p=0.009), and WOMAC pain (p=0.009) and function (p=0.023) scores. Multivariate analysis showed that baseline severe medial meniscal tear (p=0.023) and presence of medial BML (p=0.025) were the strongest independent long-term predictors of TKR. CONCLUSION: This study shows that in the context of osteoarthritis trials, clinical data and structural changes identified by MRI allow prediction of a 'hard' outcome such as TKR. The findings support the usefulness and predictive value of MRI in defining study outcome in DMOAD trials.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Idoso , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/patologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Meniscos Tibiais/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Naproxeno/uso terapêutico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/patologia , Prognóstico , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Lesões do Menisco Tibial
17.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 40(3): 185-92, 2010 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20132966

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate by quantitative magnetic resonance imaging the effect of celecoxib 200 mg daily on cartilage volume loss over 12 months in knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: The primary outcome of this study was to evaluate cartilage volume loss in the medial compartment of the knee (femoral condyle and tibial plateau) assessed by quantitative magnetic resonance imaging on subjects receiving continuous treatment with celecoxib 200 mg daily for 12 months compared with a modelized historical control cohort, as expressed by the percentage loss from baseline. Safety of the medication was also assessed. Comparison of the observed volume loss to the expected loss was evaluated by a multivariate linear regression model based on a historical cohort. RESULTS: For the primary outcome, the 95% confidence intervals for the mean observed celecoxib cohort joint medial compartment cartilage volume loss (6.81% [6.01; 7.60]) and mean predicted loss (modelized historical cohort) (5.65% [5.10; 6.19]) overlap, indicating no significant difference and hence no effect of celecoxib on the medial compartment cartilage volume loss. Similar findings were demonstrated for the lateral compartment cartilage loss. The safety data reported several minor adverse events similar to those typically seen in a 1-year clinical trial. CONCLUSIONS: Although celecoxib was demonstrated to be safe for knee osteoarthritis at a 200 mg daily dose, it did not provide a protective effect on knee cartilage loss. Cohort modelization is an efficient and unbiased way to provide a comparator group for the assessment of novel treatments when classic head-to-head randomized controlled trials are not feasible.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/uso terapêutico , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/patologia , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Celecoxib , Estudos de Coortes , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Dispepsia/induzido quimicamente , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Hipertensão/induzido quimicamente , Modelos Lineares , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Pirazóis/efeitos adversos , Sulfonamidas/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 10(6): R129, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18986534

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cartilage thickness and volume loss measurements using quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (qMRI) are suggested to detect significant cartilage changes over short time intervals. We aimed to compare these two different approaches looking at the global knee and subregions, using data from an osteoarthritis (OA) multicentre randomised clinical trial. METHODS: Three hundred and fifty-five patients with symptomatic knee OA were recruited for a two-year, double-blind, randomised clinical trial evaluating the effect of 200 mg licofelone twice daily and 500 mg naproxen twice daily on cartilage loss, and 301 patients had baseline MRI. MRIs were performed at baseline, 6, 12 and 24 months. Cartilage volume and thickness in the global joint, medial and lateral compartments, and central weight-bearing subregions of the medial and lateral femoral condyles and tibial plateaus were analysed. Data were analysed for the mean value imputed for intent-to-treat (ITT-MVI) and statistical analyses were performed using two-sample Student's t-test. RESULTS: Cartilage mean thickness loss in the global joint, lateral and medial compartments, as well as in medial compartments stratified according to patients with or without meniscal extrusion, was significantly less in the licofelone compared with the naproxen group at 12 and 24 months. Interestingly, these data were similar to those found when using cartilage volume loss as an outcome. Although greater cartilage volume and mean thickness loss was seen in central weight-bearing subregions of the medial and lateral compartments compared with the whole compartment and also in patients with meniscal lesions/extrusion, suggesting good sensitivity to change, its high standard deviation precluded for the condyles a high statistical power and abrogated statistically significant differences between the treatment groups. CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate that both the measurement of cartilage thickness and that of cartilage volume provide the same level of sensitivity to estimate cartilage loss in a clinical trial. However, the potential of gaining statistical power with the use of thickness/volume change in knee subregions as an outcome seems negated by high inter-patient variability. Moreover, there is no superiority in statistical power by selecting patients with meniscal extrusion.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/normas , Osteoartrite do Joelho/patologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Naproxeno/uso terapêutico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
19.
Clin Rheumatol ; 27(5): 587-95, 2008 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18038178

RESUMO

Current treatment guidelines advocate opioids for arthritis when standard analgesics produce inadequate relief. Efficacy, adverse effects (AEs), dosing regimens, physician expertise and patient preference influence treatment selection. This study assessed transdermal fentanyl (TDF) as a treatment option for osteoarthritis (OA) patients. This prospective, Canadian open-label, 8-week trial assessed the efficacy and safety of TDF in patients with OA of hip or knee with moderate-to-severe target joint pain inadequately controlled using weak opioids. TDF was initiated at 25 mcg/h and titrated to optimal pain control. Rescue acetaminophen 500 mg was allowed (maximum 4 g/day). The main endpoint was improvement in pain control assessment rating (five rating categories); pain intensity (0-10 numerical scale), functionality (WOMAC-OA Index), health-related quality of life (SF-36 Health Survey) and global impression were also evaluated. Eighty-one patients (61% female, mean age 60 years) were enrolled; 62 were evaluable. All had failed on previous weak opioid therapy, primarily codeine or codeine combinations. At treatment end, 65% rated pain control as improved (Pain Control Assessment rating change >or=1 category; p<0.0001); mean change in pain intensity was a reduction of greater than 2 (p<0.0001); almost 50% were maintained on TDF 25 mcg/h with less than 1.3 g/day of rescue acetaminophen. At 1 month and end of treatment, changes in the SF-36 physical global scale and individual sub-scores for the pain index and role-physical scales were highly significant (p<0.0001). Improvement in functionality was noted at 1 month and at end of treatment with significant reductions in total WOMAC score, individual pain, stiffness and physical function sub-scores (p<0.0001). AEs causing discontinuation (n=32) included nausea, dizziness and vomiting. Most treatment-related AEs were mild to moderate in intensity. TDF improved pain control, functionality and health-related quality of life in these patients. The findings support current recommendations for use of opioids such as TDF as a treatment option for a sub-population of patients with OA pain.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Fentanila/uso terapêutico , Osteoartrite do Quadril/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Cutânea , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Canadá , Feminino , Fentanila/administração & dosagem , Fentanila/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Arthritis Rheum ; 56(12): 4005-14, 2007 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18050198

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of adalimumab versus placebo in reducing spinal and sacroiliac (SI) joint inflammation, by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with active ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: This was a randomized, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients (n = 82) received 40 mg adalimumab or placebo every other week during an initial 24-week double-blind period. MRIs of both the spine and SI joints were obtained at baseline, week 12, and week 52. Spinal and SI joint inflammation were measured using the Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada (SPARCC) MRI index. RESULTS: The spine SPARCC score in placebo-treated patients increased by a mean of 9.4% from baseline, compared with a mean decrease of 53.6% in adalimumab-treated patients (P < 0.001); the SI joint SPARCC score decreased by a mean of 12.7% from baseline in placebo-treated patients and by 52.9% in adalimumab-treated patients (P = 0.017). The response in adalimumab-treated patients was maintained at week 52. Placebo-treated patients were switched to open-label adalimumab treatment at week 24 and experienced similar reductions in spinal and SI joint inflammation by week 52. Similar large reductions in the spine and SI joint SPARCC scores were noted, even in patients who failed to meet the ASsessment in Ankylosing Spondylitis (International Working Group) criteria (nonresponders) at 12 weeks. In adalimumab-treated patients, a reduced C-reactive protein concentration at week 12 was significantly associated with improvement in the spine SPARCC score (P = 0.018). CONCLUSION: Adalimumab significantly reduced both spinal and SI joint inflammation in patients with active AS after 12 weeks of treatment, and these improvements were maintained for up to 52 weeks.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Articulação Sacroilíaca/patologia , Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Adalimumab , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Articulação Sacroilíaca/metabolismo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Coluna Vertebral/metabolismo , Espondilite Anquilosante/metabolismo , Espondilite Anquilosante/patologia
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