Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 115
Filtrar
1.
J Pain Res ; 14: 3163-3172, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675644

RESUMO

Background: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common clinical disease. Knee pain is the major symptom of knee OA and the primary reason why patients seek treatment. Fu's subcutaneous needling (FSN) has been used to treat knee OA for more than 20 years. However, the establishment of treatment methods and rigorous evaluation of FSN's efficacy are still lacking. A randomized single-blind clinical trial will be conducted to evaluate whether FSN treatment can immediately alleviate pain due to knee OA surrounding the patella and the curative effective of 1-week and 2-week treatments. In addition, the feasibility and initial effect of FSN treatment for patients with knee OA will be discussed. Materials and Methods: Patients with confirmed knee OA, as diagnosed by doctors using X-ray films or from clinical symptoms, who are over 50 years old will be participants recruited. They will be randomly assigned either FSN treatment or transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation treatment. In addition, their pressure pain threshold, muscle tone of lower leg muscle, and physical ability will be measured. Participants will be asked to complete the questionnaires of Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index and Lequesne' index as the measurements for quality of life. Results: The findings of this study will reveal whether FSN or transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation is clinically efficacious for treating pain due to knee OA, with respect to muscle stiffness, gait, dynamic balance, the pressure pain threshold, and quality of life before and after treatment. Study Registration: This study is approved by the Research Ethics Committee of China Medical University & Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan (CMUH107-REC3-027) and registered at the ClinicalTrials.gov Protocol Registration and Results System (registration number NCT04356651).

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639413

RESUMO

Athletic taping is widely used in sports to prevent injury. However, the effect of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) protective taping on neuromuscular control during dynamic tasks remains unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the immediate effect of ACL protective taping on landing mechanics and muscle activations during side hops in healthy individuals. Fifteen healthy individuals (11 males and 4 females; age, 23.1 ± 1.4 years; height, 175.1 ± 10.4 cm; weight, 66.3 ± 11.2 kg) volunteered to participate in this study. Landing mechanics and muscle activations were measured while each participant performed single-leg hops side-to-side for ten repetitions with and without taping. An optical motion capture system and two force plates were used to collect the kinematic and kinetic data during the side hops. Surface electromyogram recordings were performed using a wireless electromyography system. Paired t-tests were performed to determine the differences in landing mechanics and muscle activations between the two conditions (taping and non-taping). The level of significance was set at p < 0.05. Compared with the non-taping condition, participants landed with a smaller knee abduction angle, greater knee external rotation angle, and smaller knee extensor moment in the taping condition. Given that greater knee abduction, internal rotation, and knee extension moment are associated with a greater risk of ACL injury, our findings suggest that ACL protective taping can have an immediate effect on dynamic knee stability. Clinicians should consider using ACL protective taping to facilitate the use of favorable landing mechanics for ACL injuries.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Humulus , Adulto , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Músculos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adult flatfoot leads to injury and decreased quality of life. The most widely applied noninvasive approaches are wearing foot orthoses or exercising. Both interventions raise controversy about reducing pain and neutralizing foot posture. This study investigated the impact of foot orthoses and exercise on pain and navicular drop (present for foot posture). METHODS: Four databases were used: MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane, from the earliest records to November 2020. Randomized controlled studies focused on adult flatfoot that evaluated the effect of exercise and foot orthoses on pain and navicular drop were extracted. We used data analysis to estimate the relative effect of heterogeneity using I2 and publication bias using funnel plots. RESULTS: Ten studies were identified through to November 2020. Active interventions (AIs) were exercise and exercise combined with foot orthoses; passive interventions (PIs) were foot orthoses and added stretching. Both AIs and PIs decreased pain significantly (SMD -0.94, 95% CI -1.35, -0.54 and SMD -1.4, 95% CI -1.87, -0.92). The AIs reduced pain level better than PIs. Controversially, no treatment was found to affect navicular drop. CONCLUSION: Both exercise and foot orthoses can reduce pain but not realign foot posture. Exercise alone or combined with foot orthoses showed a better effect on adult flatfoot than only wearing foot orthoses. Active intervention was shown to have better efficacy in reducing pain than passive intervention.


Assuntos
Pé Chato , Órtoses do Pé , Adulto , Pé Chato/terapia , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Dor/etiologia , Dor/prevenção & controle , Qualidade de Vida
4.
Toxins (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 06 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207357

RESUMO

Post-stroke spasticity impedes patients' rehabilitation progress. Contradictory evidence has been reported in using Botulinum Neurotoxin type A (BoNT-A) to manage post-stroke lower extremity spasticity (PLES); furthermore, an optimum dose of BoNT-A for PLES has not yet been established. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to identify the efficacy and optimal dose of BoNT-A on PLES. "Meta" and "Metafor" packages in R were used to analyze the data. Hedges' g statistic and random effect model were used to calculate and pool effect sizes. Twelve RCTs met the eligibility criteria. Muscle tone significantly improved in week four, week eight, and maintained to week twelve after BoNT-A injection. Improvements in functional outcomes were found, some inconsistencies among included studies were noticed. Dosage analysis from eight studies using Botox® and three studies using Dysport® indicated that the optimum dose for the commonest pattern of PLES (spastic plantar flexors) is medium-dose (approximately 300U Botox® or 1000 U Dysport®). BoNT-A should be regarded as part of a rehabilitation program for PLES. Furthermore, an optimal rehabilitation program combined with BoNT-A management needs to be established. Further studies should also focus on functional improvement by BoNT-A management in the early stage of stroke.

5.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 84(8): 795-798, 2021 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145200

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Static progressive orthosis is used for the treatment of severe joint contracture after trauma and/or surgery. However, a custom-fabricated static progressive splint would be expensive and labor intensive. Especially, owing to very limited payment under the current Taiwanese National Health Insurance, the incentives to fabricate a patient-specific splint are insufficient for a therapist. To ease splint construction, we introduced three-dimensional (3D)-printed "shark fin"-shaped device works as a static progressive orthosis for the hand rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to describe and demonstrate the newly designed device. METHODS: This study included a 46-year male suffered from a left distal radius fracture and underwent open reduction internal fixation and a 23-year male with the right thumb flexor pollicis longus rupture, requiring tendon repair. Both subjects used this "shark fin"-shaped device to stretch for increasing range of motion (ROM) of wrist extension and the thumb. RESULTS: The patient receiving ulnar shortening surgery used this device to stretch for increasing ROM of wrist extension. The active ROM of wrist extension improved from 30° to 50°. The other patient with the right thumb flexor pollicis longus rupture suffered from thumb contracture; the ROMs of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint and interphalangeal (IP) joint were 40°-55° and 20°-25°, respectively. After tenolysis surgery, his ROMs of the MCP and IP joints were improved to 10°-35° and 40°-65°, respectively. Following physical therapy by applying the device, his ROMs of the MCP and IP joints were further increased to 0°-40° and 25°-70°, respectively. CONCLUSION: Incorporating the "shark fin"-shaped orthosis into hand rehabilitation increased the ROM of wrist extension for a patient with distal radius fracture and improved the ROM of the MCP and IP joints in another patient after tenolysis surgery.

6.
Entropy (Basel) ; 23(4)2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33923557

RESUMO

Fall risk prediction is an important issue for the elderly. A center of pressure signal, derived from a force plate, is useful for the estimation of body calibration. However, it is still difficult to distinguish elderly people's fall history by using a force plate signal. In this study, older adults with and without a history of falls were recruited to stand still for 60 s on a force plate. Forces in the x, y and z directions (Fx, Fy, and Fz) and center of pressure in the anteroposterior (COPx) and mediolateral directions (COPy) were derived. There were 49 subjects in the non-fall group, with an average age of 71.67 (standard derivation: 6.56). There were also 27 subjects in the fall group, with an average age of 70.66 (standard derivation: 6.38). Five signal series-forces in x, y, z (Fx, Fy, Fz), COPX, and COPy directions-were used. These five signals were further decomposed with empirical mode decomposition (EMD) with seven intrinsic mode functions. Time domain features (mean, standard derivation and coefficient of variations) and entropy features (approximate entropy and sample entropy) of the original signals and EMD-derived signals were extracted. Results showed that features extracted from the raw COP data did not differ significantly between the fall and non-fall groups. There were 10 features extracted using EMD, with significant differences observed among fall and non-fall groups. These included four features from COPx and two features from COPy, Fx and Fz.

7.
Risk Manag Healthc Policy ; 14: 665-673, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33623456

RESUMO

Introduction: Taiwan's firefighters use a shift rotation system with 2 days of work and 1 day of rest. Numerous papers have already explored the risks of shift work to the body. However, little data concern the impact of shift work on health as reflected in medical visits. This study used individuals' medical visit record in Taiwan's health insurance system. The locally called "health bank" contains individuals' medical visit record, health insurance payment points and the medicine used. Methods: Consent was obtained from 150 firefighters who were serving under the shift rotation system to obtain their 2015 individual "My Health Bank" medical data. Comparisons were made between national health insurance data norm. Results: Firefighters make significantly more visits for Western medicine than the annual average (firefighters 6.27 vs norm 5.24, P = 0.04142), more total number of medical visits (9.57 vs 7.75, P = 0.0102), more annual average payment points for Western medicine (4079 vs 2741, P = 0.003151), and a greater average number of total annual medical visit points (7003 vs 4940, p = 0.0003157). Firefighters had significantly higher incidents of respiratory diseases, urogenital diseases, skin and subcutaneous tissue diseases, musculoskeletal system and connective tissue diseases, injuries, and illness from poisoning than did the norm (P<0.05). Conclusion: A persuasive health-survey-based method for workers in high occupational hazard industries was proposed in this study, and the result was highly correlated with risk factors of fireworkers. The proposed study method is potential to investigate risk factors of other working.

8.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(1)2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33467421

RESUMO

Background and objectives: Respiratory muscle fatigue is one of the important factors limiting sports performance due to the metaboreflex. This reflex will cause a decrease in blood flow to the extremities and accelerate exercising limb fatigue. Previous studies found that inspiratory muscle training (IMT) can effectively enhance the respiratory muscle endurance and reduce fatigue during long-duration exercise or aerobic exercise, thereby enhancing athletic performance. However, the mechanism between inspiratory muscle strength, change of limb blood flow and sports performance still requires investigation, especially in short-duration exercise, anaerobic or both aerobic and anaerobic exercise. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 4-week inspiratory muscle training on respiratory muscle strength, limb blood flow change rate and sports performance in recreational 800-m college runners. Materials and Methods: Twenty healthy 800-m college runners randomized into the IMT group (11 subjects) and control group (9 subjects). IMT consisted of 30 inspiratory efforts twice daily, 5 days a week, with intensity at 50%, 60%, 70% and 80% of maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP) for 4 weeks, while a control group kept 50% of MIP for 4 weeks. An 800-m trial test, limb blood flow change rate by using Impedance Plethysmography, and MIP were as the outcome measured variables and be evaluated. All measured variables were assessed before and after 4-week IMT training. Two-way ANOVA was conducted for statistical analysis. Results: The results showed significantly interaction between groups and pre-posttest. IMT group significantly decreased limb blood flow change rate from 19.91 ± 11.65% to 9.63 ± 7.62% after received the IMT training program (p < 0.05). The MIP significantly improved from 112.95 ± 27.13 cmH2O to 131.09 ± 28.20 cm H2O in IMT group, and the 800-m trial test also shorted the running time from 162.97 ± 24.96 s to 156.75 ± 20.73 s. But the control group no significantly changed in MIP and 800-m trial test. Conclusions: Our results indicated that the 4-week IMT training (twice a day, 5 days a week) significantly improves participants' inspiratory muscle strength, 800-m running performance and decreases the limb blood flow change rate.


Assuntos
Exercícios Respiratórios , Músculos Respiratórios , Tolerância ao Exercício , Humanos , Fadiga Muscular , Força Muscular
9.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 120(1 Pt 1): 83-92, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32863084

RESUMO

The COronaVIrus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), which developed into a pandemic in 2020, has become a major healthcare challenge for governments and healthcare workers worldwide. Despite several medical treatment protocols having been established, a comprehensive rehabilitation program that can promote functional recovery is still frequently ignored. An online consensus meeting of an expert panel comprising members of the Taiwan Academy of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation was held to provide recommendations for rehabilitation protocols in each of the five COVID-19 stages, namely (1) outpatients with mild disease and no risk factors, (2) outpatients with mild disease and epidemiological risk factors, (3) hospitalized patients with moderate to severe disease, (4) ventilator-supported patients with clear cognitive function, and (5) ventilator-supported patients with impaired cognitive function. Apart from medications and life support care, a proper rehabilitation protocol that facilitates recovery from COVID-19 needs to be established and emphasized in clinical practice.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Controle de Infecções , Reabilitação , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/reabilitação , Consenso , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Reabilitação/métodos , Reabilitação/normas , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Taiwan
10.
Brain Sci ; 10(11)2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171938

RESUMO

Robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) systems offer the advantages of standard rehabilitation and provide precise and quantifiable control of therapy. We examined the clinical outcome of RAGT and analyzed the correlations between gait analysis data and event-related desynchronization (ERD) and event-related synchronization (ERS) in patients with chronic stroke. We applied the Berg balance scale (BBS) and analyzed gait parameters and the ERD and ERS of self-paced voluntary leg movements performed by patients with chronic stroke before and after undergoing RAGT. A significant change was observed in BBS (p = 0.011). We also showed preliminary outcomes of changes in gait cycle duration (p = 0.015) and in ipsilesional ERS in the low-beta (p = 0.033) and high-beta (p = 0.034) frequency bands before and after RAGT. In addition, correlations were observed between BBS and ipsilesional ERS in the alpha and low-beta bands (r = -0.52, p = 0.039; r = -0.52, p = 0.040). The study demonstrated that RAGT can improve balance and provided an idea of the possible role of brain oscillation and clinical outcomes in affecting stroke rehabilitation.

11.
Brain Sci ; 10(10)2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076417

RESUMO

Patients with bilateral vestibular hypofunction (BVH) often suffer from imbalance, gait problems, and oscillopsia. Noisy galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS), a technique that non-invasively stimulates the vestibular afferents, has been shown to enhance postural and walking stability. However, no study has investigated how it affects stability and neural activities while standing and walking with a 2 Hz head yaw turning. Herein, we investigated this issue by comparing differences in neural activities during standing and walking with a 2 Hz head turning, before and after noisy GVS. We applied zero-mean gaussian white noise signal stimulations in the mastoid processes of 10 healthy individuals and seven patients with BVH, and simultaneously recorded electroencephalography (EEG) signals with 32 channels. We analyzed the root mean square (RMS) of the center of pressure (COP) sway during 30 s of standing, utilizing AMTI force plates (Advanced Mechanical Technology Inc., Watertown, MA, USA). Head rotation quality when walking with a 2 Hz head yaw, with and without GVS, was analyzed using a VICON system (Vicon Motion Systems Ltd., Oxford, UK) to evaluate GVS effects on static and dynamic postural control. The RMS of COP sway was significantly reduced during GVS while standing, for both patients and healthy subjects. During walking, 2 Hz head yaw movements was significantly improved by noisy GVS in both groups. Accordingly, the EEG power of theta, alpha, beta, and gamma bands significantly increased in the left parietal lobe after noisy GVS during walking and standing in both groups. GVS post-stimulation effect changed EEG activities in the left and right precentral gyrus, and the right parietal lobe. After stimulation, EEG activity changes were greater in healthy subjects than in patients. Our findings reveal noisy GVS as a non-invasive therapeutic alternative to improve postural stability in patients with BVH. This novel approach provides insight to clinicians and researchers on brain activities during noisy GVS in standing and walking conditions in both healthy and BVH patients.

12.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 803-807, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018107

RESUMO

Motion rehabilitation is increasingly required owing to an aging population and suffering of stroke, which means human motion analysis must be valued. Based on the concept mentioned above, a deep-learning-based system is proposed to track human motion based on three-dimensional (3D) images in this work; meanwhile, the features of traditional red green blue (RGB) images, known as two-dimensional (2D) images, were used as a comparison. The results indicate that 3D images have an advantage over 2D images due to the information of spatial relationships, which implies that the proposed system can be a potential technology for human motion analysis applications.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Aprendizado Profundo , Idoso , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Movimento (Física)
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029170

RESUMO

Background: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) presented with knee pain and limitation of mobility is common, and it may become a chronic problem resulting in major loss of function, with related impaired activity of daily living. Current traditional therapy for knee OA includes pharmacological treatment and physiotherapy, but the efficacies are limited. An alternative noninvasive treatment low-level laser therapy (LLLT) applied to acupoints is still contradictory and the efficacy needs to be assessed. Methods and Materials: We conduct the randomized double-blind control study to investigate the efficacy of a dual-frequency LLLT (combines red light (780 nm) and near-infrared light (830 nm)) in patients suffering knee OA. Participates were randomly assigned into active laser therapy (ALT) and placebo laser therapy (PLT) groups. Subjects in the ALT group were separately treated by laser apparatus at the three acupoints (SP9, SP10, and EX-LE2) on their knee joints under continuous radiation for 15 min at the maximum intensity, three times per week for four weeks. The PLT group used laser apparatus of the same model according to similar procedures without laser light emission. Outcome Measurements including visual analog scale (VAS), pain pressure threshold (PPT), and Lequesne index were used. Results: A total of 30 subjects with two-sided knee OA in both groups completed the experiment. Statistically significant decreases were observed in the Lequesne index (5.27 ± 3.26 vs. 10.83 ± 3.83), conscious VAS 4 weeks after treatment (moving: 2.87 ± 1.13 vs. 5.67 ± 1.72; resting: 0.33 ± 0.62 vs. 2.67 ± 1.29), and the increase was noted in PPT (21.23 ± 1.82 kg vs. 13.02 ± 1.46 kg) in the ALT group compared with the PLT group. Conclusion: It appears that the knee OA pain and disability can be decreased after a dual-frequency LLLT applied to acupoints (SP9, SP10, and EX-LE2). The clinical efficacy of LLLT is highly related to the therapeutic settings of the laser apparatus; hence, more clinical trials with diffident parameter settings are needed to be further clarified.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33062030

RESUMO

Background: Frozen shoulder (FS) is associated with pain, reduced range of motion (ROM), and shoulder function. The condition occurs in 2-5% of the population, and it is especially common around the age of 50 years. FS symptoms will recover after 1-4 years. Many patients turn to acupuncture in order to alleviate the FS symptoms. Objective: In this review, we will investigate the efficiency of acupuncture as a FS treatment. Methods: A literature search of acupuncture and FS-related keywords was performed in the following databases: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and Web of Science. Thirteen publications were included for a systematic review, and a meta-analysis was done using the following measurements: visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain, Constant-Murley Shoulder Outcome Score (CMS) for shoulder function, and active shoulder ROM including flexion, abduction, and external rotation. The Cochrane Collaboration's risk of bias tool and quality of evidence GRADE recommendations and STRICTA 2010 were used to grade the included publications. Results: A meta-analysis on VAS pain score showed significant pain reduction, restoring CMS shoulder function, and flexion ROM in favor of acupuncture versus the control. In external rotation and abduction ROM, a meta-analysis was not significant. The most used acupoints are Jian Yu (LI15) and Jian Liao (TB14). Conclusions: The results indicate that acupuncture could be safe and effective for pain reduction, restoring shoulder function, and restoring flexion ROM for FS patients in the short term and midterm. However, the level of evidence was very low. More high-quality and longer studies are needed in order to robust the evidence.

15.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 24(3): 307-320, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32826005

RESUMO

We are sad to report that following this issue, Dr. Li-Wei Chou will no longer be able to contribute to this quarterly literature overview. Unfortunately, his work responsibilities have increased to such an extent that they need to take priority. On behalf of the team, we would like to thank Dr. Chou for his thoughtful and balanced reviews during the past few years. Not only were we able to include an occasional Chinese-language study, he also was able to assist us in interpreting more complex medical studies. Li-Wei, we wish you all the best professionally and personally, and of course, we cannot wait until our paths will cross again sometime in the future! You may have noted that this overview article was missing from the January 2020 issue of the journal due to an administrative mix up. With the current issue we aimed to catch up and therefore, you will find a greater number of reviewed articles than usual. It becomes increasingly challenging to cover the wide range of the published myofascial pain and trigger point (TrP) literature just due to its volume. In this edition, we included 10 basic research articles, 4 reviews, 14 articles on dry needling (DN), acupuncture, and injections, 3 on manual therapies, and 4 on other clinical approaches.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Manipulações Musculoesqueléticas , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial , Humanos , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial/terapia , Dor , Pontos-Gatilho
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(29): e21103, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702858

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Lymphadenectomy for tongue cancer in the neck region is often accompanied by local impaired mobility, gland damage, difficult in swallowing, and postoperative complication and seriously affects patients life quality. We reported a case of subcutaneous adhesions and scar hyperplasia in the neck region after lymphadenectomy for tongue lesions accompanied by impaired neck mobility and difficult in swallowing was treated using Fu's subcutaneous needling (FSN) treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 55-year-old male with tongue cancer received surgical intervention with lymphadenectomy 8 years ago was revealed a 15 cm-long curved surgical incision in the neck region and surrounded by numerous scar tissues. DIAGNOSIS: Post-operation subcutaneous adhesions and scar hyperplasia in the neck region after lymphadenectomy was diagnosed. INTERVENTIONS: FSN treatment was performed 2 to 3 times per week for 1 month to sway the affected tightened muscle and dissociate the superficial fascia beneath the scar resulted in a considerable improvement in neck movement. OUTCOMES: The Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) was as follows: color (M) - 1; vascular distribution (V) - 0, thickness (H) - 2, and flexibility (P) - 4, with a total of 7 points before FSN treatment. The VSS after 1 month of FSN treatment was as follows: M1, V0, H2, and P2, with a total of 5 points. Neck mobility in different directions, i.e., stretching to the back of the neck and laterally bending the neck to the left and/or right side, was improved (P < .05). LESSONS: At present, treatment of chronic scar hyperplasia has certain side effects and limitations. FSN is safe and convenient, with minimal destruction of the superficial fascia, having evident effects of dissociating tissue adhesion under scars and compensating for deficiencies in scar hyperplasia treatment. It can provide new ideas for future treatments.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia/terapia , Pescoço/anormalidades , Tela Subcutânea/anormalidades , Aderências Teciduais/terapia , Humanos , Hiperplasia/patologia , Hiperplasia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pescoço/fisiopatologia , Tela Subcutânea/patologia , Tela Subcutânea/fisiopatologia , Aderências Teciduais/patologia , Aderências Teciduais/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Língua/complicações , Neoplasias da Língua/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Língua/cirurgia
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(29): e21124, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702864

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Sensory ataxia is a dysfunction of dynamic balance due to impairment of sensory input into the control of movement. The sequelae of stroke, such as hemiplegia, somatosensory impairment, and impaired balance may cause significant disability and may affect patients' quality of life. In addition to rehabilitation programs, acupuncture therapy has been applied to stroke patients and is recommended as a complementary therapy in stroke rehabilitation. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 70-year-old male had a sudden onset of conscious loss. The brain computed tomography showed intracerebral hemorrhage with subdural hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage. DIAGNOSIS: Intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke was diagnosed. INTERVENTIONS: He received craniotomy with hematoma evacuation immediately and waked up 3 weeks with bilateral hemiparesis (right side weaker than left), impaired position sensation and tactile perception in the right lower limb. He then began to receive rehabilitation therapy and had significant improvement in muscle strength and static balance, but no improvement in tactile perception of position sense in the right lower limbs and reached plateau. Then he received acupuncture therapies to Yongquan (KI1), Tongtien (BL7) and Houxi (SI3). OUTCOMES: The patient's walking ability recovered after receiving rehabilitation programs for 3 years, but the impairment in proprioception and dynamic balance persisted. The perception and dynamic balance had significantly improved after patient received acupuncture therapy, especially the acupuncture point of Yongquan (KI1). CONCLUSION: The clinical effect of acupuncture in combination with conventional rehabilitation therapy for neurological impairment recovery, improving activity of daily living performance and improving post-stroke imbalance was explored. We hope that this report can facilitate further well controlled quantitative objective studies on a big size of samples.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/normas , Ataxia/etiologia , Ataxia/terapia , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Idoso , Hemorragia Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
18.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 24(2): 213-224, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507147

RESUMO

We are starting 2020 with 6 basic research studies, 9 review articles, 14 dry needling/injection studies, and one manual therapy paper for a total of 30 new papers. Topics range from studies on mechanisms, inflammatory mediators in myofascial pain, fascia, screening, Platelet-rich plasma intramuscular injections, and temporal summation to clinical studies on patients with tension-type headache, chronic pelvic pain, knee osteoarthritis, plantar fasciitis, generalized musculoskeletal pain, neck pain, breast cancer, tendinopathies, thoracic outlet syndrome, and canine dry needling, among others.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Manipulações Musculoesqueléticas , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial , Animais , Cães , Humanos , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial/terapia , Cervicalgia , Pontos-Gatilho
19.
Front Neurol ; 11: 485, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32595589

RESUMO

To evaluate vestibular function in the clinic, current assessments are applied under static conditions, such as with the subject in a sitting or supine position. Considering the complexities of daily activities, the combination of dynamic activities, dynamic visual acuity (DVA) and postural control could produce an evaluation that better reflects vestibular function in daily activities. Objective: To develop a novel sensor-based system to investigate DVA, walking trajectory, head and trunk movements and the chest-pelvis rotation ratio during forward and backward overground walking in both healthy individuals and patients with vestibular hypofunction. Methods: Fifteen healthy subjects and 7 patients with bilateral vestibular hypofunction (BVH) were recruited for this study. Inertial measurement units were placed on each subject's head and torso. Each subject walked forward and backward for 5 m twice with 2 Hz head yaw. Our experiment comprised 2 stages. In stage 1, we measured forward (FW), backward (BW), and medial-lateral (MLW) walking trajectories; head and trunk movements; and the chest-pelvis rotation ratio. In stage 2, we measured standing and locomotion DVA (loDVA). Using Mann-Whitney U-test, we compared the abovementioned parameters between the 2 groups. Results: Patients exhibited an in-phase chest/pelvis reciprocal rotation ratio only in FW. The walking trajectory deviation, calculated by normalizing the summation of medial-lateral swaying with 1/2 body height (%), was significantly larger (FW mean ± standard deviation: 20.4 ± 7.1% (median (M)/interquartile range (IQR): 19.3/14.4-25.2)in healthy vs. 43.9 ± 27. 3% (M/IQR: 36.9/21.3-56.9) in patients, p = 0.020)/(BW mean ± standard deviation: 19.2 ± 11.5% (M/IQR: 13.6/10.4-25.3) in healthy vs. 29.3 ± 6.4% (M/IQR: 27.7/26.5-34.4) in patients, p = 0.026), and the walking DVA was also significantly higher (LogMAR score in the patient group [FW LogMAR: rightDVA: mean ± standard deviation:0.127 ± 0.081 (M/IQR: 0.127/0.036-0.159) in healthy vs. 0.243 ± 0.101 (M/IQR: 0.247/0.143-0.337) in patients (p = 0.013) and leftDVA: 0.136 ± 0.096 (M/IQR: 0.127/0.036-0.176) in healthy vs. 0.258 ± 0.092 (M/IQR: 0.247/0.176-0.301) in patients (p = 0.016); BW LogMAR: rightDVA: mean ± standard deviation: 0.162 ± 0.097 (M/IQR: 0.159/0.097-0.273) in healthy vs. 0.281 ± 0.130 (M/IQR: 0.273/0.176-0.418) in patients(p = 0.047) and leftDVA: 0.156 ± 0.101 (M/IQR: 0.159/0.097-0.198) in healthy vs. 0.298 ± 0.153 (M/IQR: 0.2730/0.159-0.484) in patients (p = 0.038)]. Conclusions: Our sensor-based vestibular evaluation system provided a more functionally relevant assessment for the identification of BVH patients.

20.
Cephalalgia ; 40(9): 990-997, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418457

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies regarding the quantitative sensory testing are inconsistent in migraine. We hypothesized that the quantitative sensory testing results were influenced by headache frequency or migraine phase. METHODS: This study recruited chronic and episodic migraine patients as well as healthy controls. Participants underwent quantitative sensory testing, including heat, cold, and mechanical punctate pain thresholds at the supraorbital area (V1 dermatome) and the forearm (T1 dermatome). Prospective headache diaries were used for headache frequency and migraine phase when quantitative sensory testing was performed. RESULTS: Twenty-eight chronic migraine, 64 episodic migraine and 32 healthy controls completed the study. Significant higher mechanical punctate pain thresholds were found in episodic migraine but not chronic migraine when compared with healthy controls. The mechanical punctate pain thresholds decreased as headache frequency increased then nadired. In episodic migraine, mechanical punctate pain thresholds were highest (p < 0.05) in those in the interictal phase and declined when approaching the ictal phase in both V1 and T1 dermatomes. Linear regression analyses showed that in those with episodic migraine, headache frequency and phase were independently associated with mechanical punctate pain thresholds and accounted for 29.7% and 38.9% of the variance in V1 (p = 0.003) and T1 (p < 0.001) respectively. Of note, unlike mechanical punctate pain thresholds, our study did not demonstrate similar findings for heat pain thresholds and cold pain thresholds in migraine. CONCLUSION: Our study provides new insights into the dynamic changes of quantitative sensory testing, especially mechanical punctate pain thresholds in patients with migraine. Mechanical punctate pain thresholds vary depending on headache frequency and migraine phase, providing an explanation for the inconsistency across studies.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...