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1.
Glob Chall ; 3(5): 1800090, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543981

RESUMO

Enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity of Gd-doped CeO2 nanoparticles (NPs) is experimentally demonstrated, whereas there are very few reports on this mechanism with rare earth doping. All-pure and Gd-doped CeO2 NPs are synthesized using a coprecipitation method and characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), absorption spectroscopy, surface-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). The effect of Gd-doping on properties of CeO2 is discussed along with defects and oxygen vacancies generation. The XRD confirms the incorporation of Gd3+ at the Ce3+/Ce4+ site by keeping the crystal structure same. The average particle size from transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images is in the range of 5-7 nm. The XPS spectra of Ce 3d, O 1s, and Gd 4d exhibits the formation of oxygen vacancies to maintain the charge neutrality when Ce4+ changes to Ce3+. The gradual increase in hydrogen production is observed with increasing Gd concentration. The observed results are in good correlation with the characterization results and a mechanism of water splitting is proposed on the basis of analyses. The absorption spectra reveal optical band gap (2.5-2.7 eV) of samples, showing band gap narrowing leads to desired optical absorbance and photoactivity of NPs.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 47(12): 3493-5, 2011 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21311782

RESUMO

Arrays of ZnO nanorods (NRs) were successfully converted into nanotubes (NTs), used as photoelectrodes in photoelectrochemical (PEC) cells after their sensitization with CdSe quantum dots (QDs) and a strong correlation between the PEC performance and geometrical structure of ZnO NTs@CdSe(QDs) and ZnO NRs@CdSe(QDs) was established under the same conditions.

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