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1.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 51(1): 219-229, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33385862

RESUMO

C-reactive protein (CRP) is routinely assessed as a marker of systemic inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, it is also an immune regulator that plays an important role in inflammatory pathways associated with RA and promotes atherogenic effects. Comorbidities linked to systemic inflammation are common in RA, and CRP has been associated with the risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, pulmonary diseases, and depression. The relationship between systemic inflammation, CRP, and comorbidities in RA is complex, and it is challenging to determine how changing CRP levels may affect the risk or progression of these comorbidities. We review the biological role of CRP in RA and its implications for disease activity and treatment response. We also discuss the impact of treatment on CRP levels and whether reducing systemic inflammation and inhibiting CRP-mediated inflammatory pathways may have an impact on conditions commonly comorbid with RA.

2.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 51(1): 278-284, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412435

RESUMO

Pain is a manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that is mediated by inflammatory and non-inflammatory mechanisms and negatively affects quality of life. Recent findings from a Phase 3 clinical trial showed that patients with RA who were treated with a Janus kinase 1 (Jak1) and Janus kinase 2 (Jak2) inhibitor achieved significantly greater improvements in pain than those treated with a tumor necrosis factor blocker; both treatments resulted in similar changes in standard clinical measures and markers of inflammation. These findings suggest that Jak1 and Jak2 inhibition may relieve pain in RA caused by inflammatory and non-inflammatory mechanisms and are consistent with the overarching involvement of the Jak-signal transducer and activator of transcription (Jak/STAT) pathway in mediating the action, expression, and regulation of a multitude of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. In this review, we provide an overview of pain in RA, the underlying importance of cytokines regulated directly or indirectly by the Jak/STAT pathway, and therapeutic targeting of the Jak/STAT pathway in RA. As highlighted herein, multiple cytokines directly or indirectly regulated by the Jak/STAT pathway play important roles in mediating various mechanisms underlying pain in RA. Having a better understanding of these mechanisms may help clinicians make treatment decisions that optimize the control of inflammation and pain.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080353

RESUMO

Herpes zoster is a painful dermatomal cutaneous eruption resulting from reactivation of the latent varicella-zoster virus. Patients with inflammatory bowel diseases have an increased risk of shingles compared with the general population and this risk can be increased with the use of immunosuppressive therapy. Live zoster vaccine and recombinant zoster vaccine have shown efficacy for the prevention of herpes zoster. The recombinant zoster vaccine seems to offer greater efficacy and long-term protection profile compared with the life zoster vaccine. However, their use in clinical practice still is unclear and updated vaccination recommendations are lacking. This review discusses the risk for shingles in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases, available vaccines, and their efficacy and safety profiles. We also provide guidance on who, when, and how to vaccinate for herpes zoster in routine clinical practice among patients with inflammatory bowel diseases.

4.
Nat Rev Rheumatol ; 16(10): 590-599, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887976

RESUMO

Despite the success of targeted therapies in the treatment of inflammatory arthritides, the lack of predictive biomarkers drives a 'trial and error' approach to treatment allocation, leading to variable and/or unsatisfactory responses. In-depth characterization of the synovial tissue in rheumatoid arthritis, as well as psoriatic arthritis and spondyloarthritis, is bringing new insights into the diverse cellular and molecular features of these diseases and their potential links with different clinical and treatment-response phenotypes. Such progress raises the tantalizing prospect of improving response rates by matching the use of specific agents to the cognate target pathways that might drive particular disease subtypes in specific patient groups. Innovative patient-centric, molecular pathology-driven clinical trial approaches are needed to achieve this goal. Whilst progress is clearly being made, it is important to emphasize that this field is still in its infancy and there are a number of potential barriers to realizing the premise of patient-centric clinical trials.

5.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 50(4): 749-758, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531504

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patient-based Disease Activity Score 2 (PDAS2) had been developed for RA patients to self-assess and record disease activity in between clinic visits. This study explored the clinical utility of time-integrated cumulative PDAS2 (cPDAS2) on predicting sustained remission or low disease activity state (LDAS), flare and treatment escalation. METHODS: We recruited 100 patients to record PDAS2 at home fortnightly between two consecutive clinic visits. Rheumatologists adjusted treatment according to disease activity recorded during clinic consultation while blinded to home PDAS2 scores. cPDAS2 calculated from the area-under-curve of all PDAS2 scores were compared with disease activities at both visits. cPDAS2 and ΔcPDAS2 (change from PDAS2 at the first visit) were tested to determine their ability to predict ACR/EULAR remission, SDAI flare-up (from remission/LDAS to moderate/high disease activity) and treatment escalation. Optimal cut-points were determined by Receiver Operator Characteristic curve. RESULTS: Mean age of the patients was 59 years, mean RA duration 14 years, 90% were female, 71% seropositive and 64% in remission/LDAS. The home PDAS2 completion rate was 92%. PDAS2 scores were done 7.5 times every 15 days over a 16-week follow-up (all medians). The sensitivity of cPDAS2 in predicting Boolean/SDAI remission at two visits, DAS28, SDAI and CDAI remission or LDAS were 93%, 84%, 73% and 80% respectively. cPDAS2 ≥ 0.29 predicted flare (P = 0.04), with specificity 79% and negative predicting value (NPV) 88%. Rheumatologists' decision to escalate treatment was predicted by (cPDAS2 ≥ 4.33 and ΔcPDAS2 ≥ 0.059) (P = 0.007) with specificity 88% and NPV 89%, and (cPDAS2 ≥ 4.33 or ΔcPDAS2 ≥ 0.059) (P = 0.02) with both sensitivity and NPV 100%. CONCLUSION: PDAS2 monitoring at home is feasible. cPDAS2 is useful to predict flare and treatment escalation.

6.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 7: 129, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32432117

RESUMO

Objective: CD3+CD8+CD28- cells are higher in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to assess CD3+CD8+CD28- cells in patients with early RA and assess the effects of cytomegalovirus (CMV) seropositivity. Method: In this prospective observation study, 50 RA patients were recruited from Cardiff University Hospital of Wales (UHW) rheumatology outpatient, 25 patients with early disease (disease duration 0-6 months) and 25 patients with established disease (>2 years). These were compared with 25 healthy controls. Clinical and serological markers of inflammation were noted, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells were analyzed using flow cytometry. Results: The percentage of the CD8+CD28- T cells was increased in RA patients and was associated with disease duration. The percentage of CD8+CD28- T cells was increased in CMV positive early and established RA grouped and early RA patients in comparison to CMV negative patients (p < 0.05). There is a weak but statistically significant correlation between the percentage of CD3+CD8+CD28- cells and CRP in CMV positive RA patients (r = 0.227, p < 0.05). Conclusion: The percentage of CD8+CD28- T cells is higher in RA patients and correlates with disease duration, highlighting a potential role early in the disease process. These cells were also higher in CMV positive early RA patients which may suggest a role of CMV in disease development.

7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2020 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32327425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatic and musculoskeletal immune-related adverse events (irAEs) are observed in about 10% of patients with cancer receiving checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs). Given the recent emergence of these events and the lack of guidance for rheumatologists addressing them, a European League Against Rheumatism task force was convened to harmonise expert opinion regarding their identification and management. METHODS: First, the group formulated research questions for a systematic literature review. Then, based on literature and using a consensus procedure, 4 overarching principles and 10 points to consider were developed. RESULTS: The overarching principles defined the role of rheumatologists in the management of irAEs, highlighting the shared decision-making process between patients, oncologists and rheumatologists. The points to consider inform rheumatologists on the wide spectrum of musculoskeletal irAEs, not fulfilling usual classification criteria of rheumatic diseases, and their differential diagnoses. Early referral and facilitated access to rheumatologist are recommended, to document the target organ inflammation. Regarding therapeutic, three treatment escalations were defined: (1) local/systemic glucocorticoids if symptoms are not controlled by symptomatic treatment, then tapered to the lowest efficient dose, (2) conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, in case of inadequate response to glucocorticoids or for steroid sparing and (3) biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, for severe or refractory irAEs. A warning has been made on severe myositis, a life-threatening situation, requiring high dose of glucocorticoids and close monitoring. For patients with pre-existing rheumatic disease, baseline immunosuppressive regimen should be kept at the lowest efficient dose before starting immunotherapies. CONCLUSION: These statements provide guidance on diagnosis and management of rheumatic irAEs and aim to support future international collaborations.

8.
Nat Rev Rheumatol ; 16(6): 335-345, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32327746

RESUMO

In 1973, IL-6 was identified as a soluble factor that is secreted by T cells and is important for antibody production by B cells. Since its discovery more than 40 years ago, the IL-6 pathway has emerged as a pivotal pathway involved in immune regulation in health and dysregulation in many diseases. Targeting of the IL-6 pathway has led to innovative therapeutic approaches for various rheumatic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, adult-onset Still's disease, giant cell arteritis and Takayasu arteritis, as well as other conditions such as Castleman disease and cytokine release syndrome. Targeting this pathway has also identified avenues for potential expansion into several other indications, such as uveitis, neuromyelitis optica and, most recently, COVID-19 pneumonia. To mark the tenth anniversary of anti-IL-6 receptor therapy worldwide, we discuss the history of research into IL-6 biology and the development of therapies that target IL-6 signalling, including the successes and challenges and with an emphasis on rheumatic diseases.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Fatores Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Comorbidade , Saúde Global , Humanos , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia
10.
Rheumatol Int ; 40(5): 747-755, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040761

RESUMO

Assessment of individual therapeutic responses provides valuable information concerning treatment benefits in individual patients. We evaluated individual therapeutic responses as determined by the Disease Activity Score-28 joints critical difference for improvement (DAS28-dcrit) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with intravenous tocilizumab or comparator anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents. The previously published DAS28-dcrit value [DAS28 decrease (improvement) ≥ 1.8] was retrospectively applied to data from two studies of tocilizumab in RA, the 52-week ACT-iON observational study and the 24-week ADACTA randomized study. Data were compared within (not between) studies. DAS28 was calculated with erythrocyte sedimentation rate as the inflammatory marker. Stability of DAS28-dcrit responses and European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) good responses was determined by evaluating repeated responses at subsequent timepoints. A logistic regression model was used to calculate p values for differences in response rates between active agents. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs; pain, global health, function, and fatigue) in DAS28-dcrit responder versus non-responder groups were compared with an ANCOVA model. DAS28-dcrit individual response rates were 78.2% in tocilizumab-treated patients and 58.2% in anti-TNF-treated patients at week 52 in the ACT-ion study (p = 0.0001) and 90.1% versus 59.1% at week 24 in the ADACTA study (p < 0.0001). DAS28-dcrit responses showed greater stability over time (up to 52 weeks) than EULAR good responses. For both active treatments, DAS28-dcrit responses were associated with statistically significant improvements in mean PRO values compared with non-responders. The DAS28-dcrit response criterion provides robust assessments of individual responses to RA therapy and may be useful for discriminating between active agents in clinical studies and guiding treat-to-target decisions in daily practice.

11.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(3): 316-323, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892533

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs) form immune complexes with citrullinated proteins binding toll-like receptor (TLR) 4, which has been proposed as a mediator of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). NI-0101 is a first-in-class humanised monoclonal antibody blocking TLR4, as confirmed by inhibition of in vivo lipopolysaccharide-induced cytokine release in healthy volunteers. This study was design to confirm preclinical investigations supporting a biomarker-driven approach for treatment of patients with RA who present positive for these immune complexes. METHODS: Placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomised (2:1) trial of the tolerability and efficacy of NI-0101 (5 mg/kg, every 2 weeks for 12 weeks) versus placebo in ACPA-positive RA patients with inadequate response to methotrexate. Efficacy measures included Disease Activity Score (28-joint count) with C reactive protein (DAS28-CRP), European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) good and moderate responses, and American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20, ACR50 and ACR70 responses. Subgroup analyses defined on biomarkers were conducted. Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and safety were reported. RESULTS: 90 patients were randomised (NI-0101 (61) and placebo (29)); 86 completed the study. No significant between-group difference was observed for any of the efficacy endpoints. Subgroup analyses using baseline parameters as covariants did not reveal any population responding to NI-0101. Treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in 51.7% of patients who received placebo versus 52.5% for NI-0101. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate for the first time that in RA, a human immune-mediated inflammatory disease, blocking the TLR4 pathway alone does not improve disease parameters. Successful targeting of innate immune pathways in RA may require broader and/or earlier inhibitory approaches.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/antagonistas & inibidores , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(Suppl 5): v51-v55, 2019 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682274

RESUMO

Fatigue is a common and debilitating symptom in patients with RA. Since 2007, fatigue has been included as one of the core outcome measures in RA. Clinical trials of biologic DMARDs (bDMARDs) and targeted synthetic DMARDs (tsDMARDs) have included fatigue as a secondary endpoint. A Cochrane review in 2016 concluded that the bDMARDs have a moderate effect on improving fatigue in RA. More recent clinical trials of the new biologic agent sarilumab and the Janus kinase inhibitors tofacitinib and baricitinib showed similar benefits. It remains unclear whether the effect of bDMARDs and tsDMARDs on fatigue is mediated by direct effects or through a reduction in inflammation. As fatigue was a secondary endpoint, many analyses did not adjust for potential confounding factors, including pain, mood and anaemia, which is a significant limitation.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Fadiga/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Azetidinas/uso terapêutico , Fadiga/etiologia , Humanos , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico
14.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(12): 1642-1652, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582377

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish whether synovial pathobiology improves current clinical classification and prognostic algorithms in early inflammatory arthritis and identify predictors of subsequent biological therapy requirement. METHODS: 200 treatment-naïve patients with early arthritis were classified as fulfilling RA1987 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria (RA1987) or as undifferentiated arthritis (UA) and patients with UA further classified into those fulfilling RA2010 ACR/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) criteria. Treatment requirements at 12 months (Conventional Synthetic Disease Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (csDMARDs) vs biologics vs no-csDMARDs treatment) were determined. Synovial tissue was retrieved by minimally invasive, ultrasound-guided biopsy and underwent processing for immunohistochemical (IHC) and molecular characterisation. Samples were analysed for macrophage, plasma-cell and B-cells and T-cells markers, pathotype classification (lympho-myeloid, diffuse-myeloid or pauci-immune) by IHC and gene expression profiling by Nanostring. RESULTS: 128/200 patients were classified as RA1987, 25 as RA2010 and 47 as UA. Patients classified as RA1987 criteria had significantly higher levels of disease activity, histological synovitis, degree of immune cell infiltration and differential upregulation of genes involved in B and T cell activation/function compared with RA2010 or UA, which shared similar clinical and pathobiological features. At 12-month follow-up, a significantly higher proportion of patients classified as lympho-myeloid pathotype required biological therapy. Performance of a clinical prediction model for biological therapy requirement was improved by the integration of synovial pathobiological markers from 78.8% to 89%-90%. CONCLUSION: The capacity to refine early clinical classification criteria through synovial pathobiological markers offers the potential to predict disease outcome and stratify therapeutic intervention to patients most in need.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Terapia Biológica/métodos , Membrana Sinovial/diagnóstico por imagem , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/classificação , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Membrana Sinovial/metabolismo , Ultrassonografia
15.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(9): 1515-1516, 2019 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982882
16.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(6): 761-772, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30878974

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To unravel the hierarchy of cellular/molecular pathways in the disease tissue of early, treatment-naïve rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and determine their relationship with clinical phenotypes and treatment response/outcomes longitudinally. METHODS: 144 consecutive treatment-naïve early RA patients (<12 months symptoms duration) underwent ultrasound-guided synovial biopsy before and 6 months after disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) initiation. Synovial biopsies were analysed for cellular (immunohistology) and molecular (NanoString) characteristics and results compared with clinical and imaging outcomes. Differential gene expression analysis and logistic regression were applied to define variables correlating with treatment response and predicting radiographic progression. RESULTS: Cellular and molecular analyses of synovial tissue demonstrated for the first time in early RA the presence of three pathology groups: (1) lympho-myeloid dominated by the presence of B cells in addition to myeloid cells; (2) d iffuse-myeloid with myeloid lineage predominance but poor in B cells nd (3) pauci-immune characterised by scanty immune cells and prevalent stromal cells. Longitudinal correlation of molecular signatures demonstrated that elevation of myeloid- and lymphoid-associated gene expression strongly correlated with disease activity, acute phase reactants and DMARD response at 6 months. Furthermore, elevation of synovial lymphoid-associated genes correlated with autoantibody positivity and elevation of osteoclast-targeting genes predicting radiographic joint damage progression at 12 months. Patients with predominant pauci-immune pathology showed less severe disease activity and radiographic progression. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate at disease presentation, prior to pathology modulation by therapy, the presence of specific cellular/molecular synovial signatures that delineate disease severity/progression and therapeutic response and may pave the way to more precise definition of RA taxonomy, therapeutic targeting and improved outcomes.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Membrana Sinovial/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biópsia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Radiografia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Membrana Sinovial/metabolismo , Membrana Sinovial/fisiopatologia , Transcriptoma , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos
17.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37(4): 694-704, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30767864

RESUMO

Numerous cytokines have been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases, and their dysregulation is a main feature of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Cytokines stimulate signal transduction through several intracellular pathways, including Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) pathways, leading to changes in cell activation, proliferation and survival. Consequently, agents that selectively target elements of the JAK/STAT pathways have received significant attention in recent years as potential new treatments for the disease. Baricitinib, an oral selective inhibitor of JAK1 and JAK2, offers an effective treatment for RA in a wide range of patients. The in vitro selectivity of different JAK inhibitors is an important consideration given that key cytokines, growth factors and hormone receptors involved in the pathogenesis of RA signal through specific JAKs. However, it is complex and far from understood how the in vitro effects of JAK inhibitors extrapolate into in vivo and clinical effects in individual patients. This narrative review focuses on the clinical efficacy and safety of baricitinib, but also provides an overview of its mechanism of action in relation to JAK1/JAK2 signalling and discusses the possible clinical implications in patients with RA.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide , Janus Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/enzimologia , Azetidinas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Janus Quinase 1 , Janus Quinase 2 , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico
18.
J Rheumatol ; 46(10): 1406-1408, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30770514

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adaptive trial design was developed initially for oncology to improve trial efficiency. If optimized for rheumatology, it may improve trial efficiency by reducing sample size and time. METHODS: A systematic review assessed design of phase II clinical trials in rheumatoid arthritis. RESULTS: Fifty-six trials were reviewed. Most trials had 4 groups (1 control and 3 intervention), with an average group size of 34 patients. American College of Rheumatology 20 measured at 16 weeks was the most commonly used primary endpoint. CONCLUSION: The next step is to undertake a systematic review of adaptive designs used in early-phase trials in nonrheumatic conditions.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Reumatologia/métodos , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Opinião Pública
19.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(4): 465-472, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30793700

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To see if a group course delivered by rheumatology teams using cognitive-behavioural approaches, plus usual care, reduced RA fatigue impact more than usual care alone. METHODS: Multicentre, 2-year randomised controlled trial in RA adults (fatigue severity>6/10, no recent major medication changes). RAFT (Reducing Arthritis Fatigue: clinical Teams using CB approaches) comprises seven sessions, codelivered by pairs of trained rheumatology occupational therapists/nurses. Usual care was Arthritis Research UK fatigue booklet. Primary 26-week outcome fatigue impact (Bristol RA Fatigue Effect Numerical Rating Scale, BRAF-NRS 0-10). Intention-to-treat regression analysis adjusted for baseline scores and centre. RESULTS: 308/333 randomised patients completed 26 week data (156/175 RAFT, 152/158 Control). Mean baseline variables were similar. At 26 weeks, the adjusted difference between arms for fatigue impact change favoured RAFT (BRAF-NRS Effect -0.59, 95% CI -1.11 to -0.06), BRAF Multidimensional Questionnaire (MDQ) Total -3.42 (95% CI -6.44 to -0.39), Living with Fatigue -1.19 (95% CI -2.17 to -0.21), Emotional Fatigue -0.91 (95% CI -1.58 to -0.23); RA Self-Efficacy (RASE, +3.05, 95% CI 0.43 to 5.66) (14 secondary outcomes unchanged). Effects persisted at 2 years: BRAF-NRS Effect -0.49 (95% CI -0.83 to -0.14), BRAF MDQ Total -2.98 (95% CI -5.39 to -0.57), Living with Fatigue -0.93 (95% CI -1.75 to -0.10), Emotional Fatigue -0.90 (95% CI -1.44, to -0.37); BRAF-NRS Coping +0.42 (95% CI 0.08 to 0.77) (relevance of fatigue impact improvement uncertain). RAFT satisfaction: 89% scored > 8/10 vs 54% controls rating usual care booklet (p<0.0001). CONCLUSION: Multiple RA fatigue impacts can be improved for 2 years by rheumatology teams delivering a group programme using cognitive behavioural approaches. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN52709998.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Fadiga/terapia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/psicologia , Emoções , Fadiga/etiologia , Fadiga/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Autocuidado/métodos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Classe Social , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(6): 1122, 2019 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30698756
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