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1.
Qual Health Res ; : 1049732321990360, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554742

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experiences of people infected with the coronavirus in Denmark during the first phase of the pandemic. An explorative qualitative design underpinned by a phenomenological hermeneutical approach was applied. Fifteen individuals with confirmed COVID-19 infection were included and interviewed individually by telephone. Analyses were inspired by Ricoeur's interpretation theory. The study illuminated how being diagnosed with COVID-19 was experienced not just a virus infecting the participants' biology; it was also a threat to their existence and bodily perception as well as an interference in ordinary social relationships. Beyond a supportive approach, the participants experienced being a special case where people around them acted with excitement and curiosity. Responsibility for existential and emotional care after COVID-19 has been placed with the individual ill person and within their ordinary social circle. We suggest follow-up and rehabilitation for people during and after COVID-19 to support recovery.

2.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 20(1): 1031, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extensive measures to reduce person-to-person transmission of COVID-19 are required to control the current outbreak. Special attention is directed at healthcare professionals as reducing the risk of infection in healthcare is essential. The purpose of this study was to explore healthcare professionals' experiences of awaiting a test result for a potential COVID-19 infection. METHODS: Qualitative interviews with 15 healthcare professionals were performed, underpinned by a phenomenological hermeneutical analytical framework. RESULTS: The participating healthcare professionals' experiences of awaiting a COVID-19 test result were found to be associated with a stoic and altruistic orientation towards their work. These healthcare professionals presented a strong professional identity overriding most concerns about their own health. The result of the coronavirus test was a decisive parameter for whether healthcare professionals could return to work. The healthcare professionals were aware that their family and friends were having a hard time knowing that the COVID-19 infection risk was part of their jobs. This concern did not, however, cause the healthcare professionals to falter in their belief that they were doing the right thing by focusing on their core area. The threat to own health ran through the minds of the healthcare professionals occasionally, which makes access to testing particularly important. CONCLUSION: The participating healthcare professionals had a strong professional identity. However, a discrepancy between an altruistic role as a healthcare professional and the expectations that come from the community was illuminated. A mental health coronavirus hotline for healthcare professionals is suggested.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Adulto , Altruísmo , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Filosofia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
3.
Int J Clin Pract ; 74(11): e13629, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an emerging epidemic associated with poor mental health and quality of life, as well as morbidity and mortality. Whilst other cardiovascular conditions have demonstrated positive outcomes from educational programmes, this approach is not well integrated in clinical practice in patients with AF. Though evidence in this area is mounting, a thorough overview seems to be lacking. AIM: To assess benefits and harms of educational interventions compared with no intervention in adults with AF. METHOD: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed including the outcomes: Serious adverse events (mortality and readmission), mental health (anxiety and depression), physical capacity, quality of life and self-reported incidence of symptoms of AF. PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and PsycINFO were searched between June and august 2018. Data extraction and quality assessment were performed independently by two reviewers. The Cochrane Risk of Bias tool was applied for the randomised controlled trials and the Amstar Checklist for the systematic reviews. RESULTS: Eight randomised controlled trials and one non-randomised interventional study were included, with a total of 2388 patients. Comparing with controls patient education was associated with a reduction in: Serious adverse events (Risk Ratio 0.78, CI 95% 0.63-0.97), anxiety with a mean difference of -0.62 (CI 95% -1.21, -0.04) and depression with a mean difference of -0.74 (CI 95% -1.34, -0.14). Health-related quality of life and physical capacity was found to increase after patient education, yet, only one study found statistically significant differences between groups. No differences were observed with regards to self-reported incidence of symptoms of AF. CONCLUSIONS: Educational interventions significantly decrease the number of serious adverse events in patients with AF and seem to have a positive impact on mental health and self-reported quality of life. However, the evidence is limited, and more studies are warranted.

4.
Heart Lung ; 2020 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL) are cardiac arrhythmias associated with cardiovascular morbidity. Physical activity (PA) can trigger AF and AFL recurrence, but can also improve physical functional capacity in this patient group. Guidelines do not include concrete recommendations regarding PA for this patient group. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the level of PA on risk of serious adverse events (SAEs) in patients with AF and/or AFL treated with catheter ablation. METHODS: A prospective cohort study including 462 patients with AF and/or AFL treated with catheter ablation from the CopenHeart Survey. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used to explore patients' self-reported level of PA. SAEs were identified in the Danish National Patient Register and the Danish Civil Registration System one year after study onset. Cox regression analysis was carried out to assess the risks of SAE. RESULTS: During the one-year follow-up period, 98 patients (21.8%) experienced at least one SAE. Patients with a moderate-high PA level had a 36% lower risk of experiencing SAEs during the follow-up period, compared to patients in the low PA group, after adjusting for confounders. CONCLUSION: A moderate-high vs. low level of PA was found to be associated with a lower incidence of SAEs in patients undergoing AF and/or AFL ablation.

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