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2.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 66(3): 287-301, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876551

RESUMO

Objectives: The study examines body image of male cancer patients and their female partners as well as factors influencing body image. Methods: N = 73 heterosexual couples in which the male partner was diagnosed with prostate (PC; n = 52) or laryngeal cancer (LC; n = 21) completed questionnaires on body image acceptance (Self Image Scale), relationship satisfaction (Quality of Marriage Questionnaire), and cancer-related distress (Questionnaire on Stress in Cancer Patients). The body image was assessed from two perspectives: self-acceptance (which measures a person's satisfaction or acceptance of the body) and partner-acceptance (which assesses a person's perception of the partners' appraisals of the body). Results: No differences occurred in body image acceptance between men with PC or LC. Patients with PC rated the perceived partner-acceptance lower than did their female partners. In couples with LC, women rated the self-acceptance of their partners higher than did the patients themselves. Multiple regression analysis revealed that for survivors of PC, cancer-related distress, relationship satisfaction and partner-acceptance emerged as significant predictors of self-acceptance. The only significant predictor of partner-acceptance was men's self-acceptance. Conclusions: The dissatisfaction with physical appearance is found in PK and LK patients and seems to persist for a long time. Impairment of patients' body image should be identified and addressed to prevent the negative effects on psychosocial stress for patients and relationship satisfaction.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Neoplasias Laríngeas/psicologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/psicologia , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação Pessoal
4.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 31(10): 2689-2695, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648343

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Noninvasive ablative radiotherapy of cardiac arrhythmias (stereotactic ablative body radiation) has shown promising initial results. Precise targeting of the arrhythmogenic substrate is paramount to limit adverse effects to healthy myocardium, organs at risk, and cardiac implantable electronic devices. Using electroanatomic maps for treatment planning is technically challenging. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the free open-source 3D Slicer software platform we established a workflow for high-precision target definition based on electroanatomic maps. An import plug-in for 3D Slicer has been designed that reads electroanatomic maps generated with three mapping systems in widespread clinical use. Using our proposed workflow in a real-world patient case we were able to align the map to the computed tomography (CT) with a mean distance of 3.1 mm. Thus, points defined on the map were translated into CT space with high accuracy and a radiotherapy treatment volume was defined in CT space based on these map-derived points. CONCLUSION: We describe a novel high-precision target definition method for stereotactic ablation of cardiac arrhythmias. Multimodal integration of the electroanatomic map with the planning CT allows for highly accurate localization of previously identified electrophysiological features in CT space. It remains to be shown whether this novel planning workflow leads to superior ablation outcomes when compared with other approaches.

5.
J Psychosoc Oncol ; : 1-16, 2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589114

RESUMO

Purpose: Although fear of cancer recurrence (FoR) is one of the major concerns in cancer patients and their partners with approximately 49% reporting moderate to high FoR, few studies investigated predictors and sex-role-specific differences. The aim of the current study was to investigate FoR in couples with different types of cancer and to gain a deeper understanding of sex and role-specific differences and predictors of FoR in patients and partners.Design: Cross-sectional study in Germany.Sample: N = 188 couples with prostate (PC; n=52), laryngeal (LC; n=21) or breast cancer (BC; n=115) participated. All PC and LC patients were males, all BC patients were females.Methods: Fear of recurrence, depression, and relationship satisfaction were measured with validated questionnaires (Fear of Progression Questionnaire, Patient Health Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Quality of Marriage Index) in couples with PC, LC, or BC.Findings: Results indicated sex-role-specific differences. For women, FoR was higher for patients (M = 35.76) than for caregivers (M = 27.11). For males, spouses of women with BC (M = 30.1) showed higher FoR than male PC or LC patients (M = 24.9). Moreover, in couples there was a correlation between the FoR of one and the other (PC: r = .51, BC: r = .31, LC: r = .41). Depression was as a significant predictor, with a positive relationship to FoR. Moreover, in men with PC and LC besides depression, age emerged as significant predictor with a negative relationship to FoR. The Actor-Partner-Interdependence-Model showed for couples with PC or LC significant actor effects, both for patients and partners. Moreover, a significant partner effect emerged for patients' depression on partners' FoR. For couples with BC only significant actor effects occurred.Conclusions: FoR remains a major concern for both cancer patients and their partners. Implications for Psychosocial Providers or Policy: FoR should be considered both in cancer patients and their spouses. In addition, sex and role effects should be taken into account in treatment of FoR.

6.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 362, 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A substantial number of patients will develop further biochemical progression after radical prostatectomy (RP) and salvage radiotherapy (sRT). Recently published data using prostate-specific membrane antigen ligand positron emission tomography (PSMA - PET) for re-staging suggest that those recurrences are often located outside the prostate fossa and most of the patients have a limited number of metastases, making them amenable to metastasis-directed treatment (MDT). METHODS: We analyzed 78 patients with biochemical progression after RP and sRT from a retrospective European multicenter database and assessed the biochemical recurrence-free survival (bRFS; PSA < nadir + 0.2 ng/ml or no PSA decline) as well as the androgen deprivation therapy- free survival (ADT-FS) using Kaplan-Meier curves. Log-rank test and multivariate analysis was performed to determine influencing factors. RESULTS: A total of 185 PSMA - PET positive metastases were detected and all lesions were treated with radiotherapy (RT). Concurrent ADT was prescribed in 16.7% (13/78) of patients. The median PSA level before RT was 1.90 ng/mL (range, 0.1-22.1) and decreased statistically significantly to a median PSA nadir level of 0.26 ng/mL (range, 0.0-12.25; p < 0.001). The median PSA level of 0.88 ng/mL (range, 0.0-25.8) at the last follow-up was also statistically significantly lower (p = 0.008) than the median PSA level of 1.9 ng/mL (range, 0.1-22.1) before RT. The median bRFS was 17.0 months (95% CI, 14.2-19.8). After 12 months, 55.3% of patients were free of biochemical progression. Multivariate analyses showed that concurrent ADT was the most important independent factor for bRFS (p = 0.01). The median ADT-FS was not reached and exploratory statistical analyses estimated a median ADT-FS of 34.0 months (95% CI, 16.3-51.7). Multivariate analyses revealed no significant parameters for ADT-FS. CONCLUSIONS: RT as MDT based on PSMA - PET of all metastases of recurrent prostate cancer after RP and sRT represents a viable treatment option for well-informed and well-selected patients.

7.
Strahlenther Onkol ; 196(11): 1006-1017, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32399639

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the outcome of prostate cancer (PCa) patients diagnosed with oligorecurrent disease and treated with a first and a second PSMA (prostate-specific membrane antigen ligand) PET(positron-emission tomography)-directed radiotherapy (RT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with oligorecurrent relapse after curative therapy received a first PSMA PET-directed RT of all metastases. After biochemical progression, all patients received a second PSMA PET-directed RT of all metastases. The main outcome parameters were biochemical progression-free survival (bPFS) and androgen deprivation therapy-free survival (ADT-FS). The intervals of BPFS were analyzed separately as follows: the interval from the last day of PSMA PET-directed RT to the first biochemical progression was defined as bPFS_1 and the interval from second PSMA PET-directed RT to further biochemical progression was defined as bPFS_2. RESULTS: The median follow-up duration was 39.5 months (18-60). One out of 32 (3.1%) patients died after 47 months of progressive metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa). All patients showed biochemical responses after the first PSMA PET-directed RT and the median prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level before RT was 1.70 ng/mL (0.2-3.8), which decreased significantly to a median PSA nadir level of 0.39 ng/mL (range <0.07-3.8; p = 0.004). The median PSA level at biochemical progression after the first PSMA PET-directed RT was 2.9 ng/mL (range 0.12-12.80; p = 0.24). Furthermore, the PSA level after the second PSMA PET-directed RT at the last follow-up (0.52 ng/mL, range <0.07-154.0) was not significantly different (p = 0.36) from the median PSA level (1.70 ng/mL, range 0.2-3.8) before the first PSMA PET-directed RT. The median bPFS_1 was 16.0 months after the first PSMA PET-directed RT (95% CI 11.9-19.2) and the median bPFS_2 was significantly shorter at 8.0 months (95% CI 6.3-17.7) after the second PSMA PET-directed RT (p = 0.03; 95% CI 1.9-8.3). Multivariate analysis revealed no significant parameter for bPFS_1, whereas extrapelvic disease was the only significant parameter (p = 0.02, OR 2.3; 95% CI 0.81-4.19) in multivariate analysis for bPFS_2. The median ADT-FS was 31.0 months (95% CI 20.1-41.8) and multivariate analysis showed that patients with bone metastases, compared to patients with only lymph node metastases at first PSMA PET-directed RT, had a significantly higher chance (p = 0.007, OR 4.51; 95% CI 1.8-13.47) of needing ADT at the last follow-up visit. CONCLUSION: If patients are followed up closely, including PSMA PET scans, a second PSMA PET-directed RT represents a viable treatment option for well-informed and well-selected patients.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32286768

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A quantitative imaging biomarker is desirable to provide a comprehensive measure of whole-body tumor burden in patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors, and to standardize the evaluation of treatment-related changes. Therefore, we evaluated volumetric parameters for quantification of whole-body tumor burden from somatostatin receptor (SSR)- targeted PET/CT. METHODS: 32 patients with metastastic grade1/grade 2 gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors who underwent a 68Ga-DOTA-TATE PET/CT for staging of disease before initiation of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy were included in this retrospective cohort analysis. Volumetric parameters of tumor lesions, SSR-derived tumor volume (SSR-TV) and total lesion SSR (TL-SSR), were calculated for each patient using a computerized volumetric technique with a 40% SUVmax cut-off, and compared with serum chromogranin A (CgA) levels. Progression-free survival (PFS) was determined in relation to volumetric parameters. In a subgroup of 18 patients, the feasibility of volumetric parameters for treatment monitoring was evaluated. RESULTS: Mean SSR-TV was 178±214 cm3 (range, 9-797 cm3), whereas mean TL-SSR was 4096±5191 cm3 (range, 61-19203 cm3). Baseline CgA levels were associated with whole- body tumor burden (SSR-TV, r=0.57, P=0.0008; and TL-SSR, r=0.43, P=0.01, respectively). PFS was shorter in patients with high SSR-TV and high TL-SSR (HR 5.16 (95% CI, 1.61- 29.67), P=0.009), and SSR-TV (P = 0.0067) and TL-SSR (P = 0.0215) emerged as the sole predictors of progression in regression analysis. Changes in CgA did not correctly identify treatment response (P=0.25). CONCLUSIONS: SSR-derived volumetric parameters provide a quantitative imaging biomarker for whole-body tumor burden, and may hold potential as a clear-cut measure for assessment of treatment response.

9.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 47(10): 2328-2338, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32179961

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Since the success of prostate-specific membrane antigen-positron emission tomography (PSMA-PET) imaging for patients with oligorecurrent prostate cancer (ORPC), it is increasingly used for radiotherapy as metastasis-directed therapy (MDT). Therefore, we developed a prognostic risk classification for biochemical relapse-free survival (bRFS) for patients after PSMA-PET-guided MDT after radical prostatectomy. METHODS: We analyzed 292 patients with local recurrence (LR) and/or pelvic lymph node (LN) lesions and/or up to five distant LN, bone (BM), or visceral metastases (VM) detected with [68Ga]PSMA-PET imaging. Median follow-up was 16 months (range 0-57). The primary endpoint was bRFS after MDT. Cox regression analysis for risk factors was incorporated into a recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) with classification and regression tree method. RESULTS: PSA at recurrence ≥ 0.8 ng/mL, BM, and VM was significantly associated with biochemical relapse. RPA showed five groups with tenfold cross-validation of 0.294 (SE 0.032). After building risk classes I to IV (p < 0.0001), mean bRFS was 36.3 months (95% CI 32.4-40.1) in class I (PSA < 0.8 ng/mL, no BM) and 25.8 months (95% CI 22.5-29.1) in class II (PSA ≥ 0.8 ng/mL, no BM, no VM). LR and/or pelvic LNs caused relapse in classes I and II. Mean bRFS was 16.0 months (95% CI 12.4-19.6) in class III (PSA irrelevant, present BM) and 5.7 months (95% CI 2.7-8.7) in class IV (PSA ≥ 0.8 ng/mL, no BM, present VM). CONCLUSION: We developed and internally validated a risk classification for bRFS after PSMA-PET-guided MDT. Patients with PSA < 0.8 ng/mL and local relapse only (LR and/or pelvic LNs) had the most promising bRFS. PSA ≥ 0.8 ng/mL and local relapse only (LR and/or pelvic LNs) indicated intermediate risk for failure. Patients with BM were at higher risk regardless of the PSA. However, those patients still show satisfactory bRFS. In patients with VM, bRFS is heavily decreased. MDT in such cases should be discussed individually.

10.
Strahlenther Onkol ; 196(7): 598-607, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040691

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This retrospective study aims at investigating the effects of moderately hypofractionated radiation therapy (HRT) on acute and late toxicities as well as on early biochemical control and therapeutic efficiency compared to conventional radiation therapy (CRT) in prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed 55 HRT patients irradiated with the total dose of 60 Gy in 20 fractions delivered over 4 weeks. These patients were compared to a control group of 55 patients who received CRT with a total of <78 Gy in 37-39 fractions delivered over circa 8 weeks. External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) was conducted using daily image-guided (cone beam CT) volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and a simultaneously integrated boost (SIB) for both groups to protect the rectum. Acute toxicities were evaluated according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5, whereas chronic toxicities were assessed in accordance with LENT-SOMA. Patient traits were compared by implementing t­tests and Wilcoxon-Whitney tests for continuous variables, whereas discrete characteristics were evaluated by applying two-tailed Fisher's exact tests. In addition, we calculated average treatment effects (ATE). Thereby, propensity score matching (PSM) based on nearest-neighbor matching considering age, comorbidities, and risk stratification as covariates was applied. The statistical analysis was conducted using Stata 14.2 (StataCorp LLC, TX, USA). RESULTS: As confirmed by the descriptive tests, the ATE revealed that the intensity and occurrence of urinary frequency (p = 0.034) and proctitis (p = 0.027) significantly decreased for the HRT group, whereas all other acute toxicities did not differ significantly between the HRT and CRT groups. For late toxicities, neither statistical tests nor ATE estimation showed significant differences. Also, no significant difference was found regarding the decrease in prostate specific antigen (PSA) after a median follow-up of 13 months (range 2-28 months), which indicates biochemical freedom from progression. CONCLUSION: HRT offers several medical and economic advantages and should therefore be considered as a useful alternative to CRT.

11.
Eur Urol Focus ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 40-70% of biochemically recurrent prostate cancer (PCa) is oligorecurrent after prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron emission tomography (PET) staging. Metastasis-directed radiotherapy (MDT) of PSMA-positive oligorecurrence is now frequently used, but the role of concurrent androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of concurrent ADT with PSMA PET-directed MDT on biochemical progression-free survival (bRFS). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a retrospective multicenter study of 305 patients with biochemical recurrence and PSMA PET-positive oligorecurrence following initial curative treatment between April 2013 and January 2018. INTERVENTION: MDT with fractionated or stereotactic body radiotherapy for all PSMA-positive metastatic sites; 37.8% received concurrent ADT. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The primary outcome was bRFS, which was measured using Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank testing. Secondary outcomes were ADT-free survival, overall survival (OS), and toxicity was analyzed using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.03. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine independent clinicopathological factors. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: The median follow-up was 16 mo (interquartile range 9-27). Some 96% of the patients initially had high-risk PCa. A median of one (range 0-19) nodal metastases and one (range 0-5) distant metastases were treated. MDT+ADT significantly improved bRFS and remained an independent factor (hazard ratio 0.28, 95% confidence interval 0.16-0.51; p<0.0001). bRFS was not significantly different between MDT+≤6 mo of ADT and MDT alone (p=0.121). Patients receiving MDT had 1- and 2-yr ADT-free survival of 93% and 83%, respectively. New therapies, most frequently MDT (23%), were required more frequently after MDT (85% vs 29%; p<0.001). Grade ≥3 acute toxicity was observed in 0.9% of patients and late toxicity in 2.3%. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of patients with oligorecurrent PCa, concurrent ADT with MDT improved bRFS significantly, but a large number of patients treated with MDT were spared from ADT for 2yr, although a greater need for other salvage therapies was observed. PATIENT SUMMARY: The role of concurrent androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with radiotherapy for prostate cancer oligorecurrence identified on prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography was studied. We concluded that radiotherapy alone could prolong the time to start of ADT. However, the risk of disease progression and consequently the need for further treatments is higher after local radiotherapy alone without immediate ADT.

12.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 12524, 2019 08 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467304

RESUMO

Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder with 22 disease-causing genes reported to date. In some FA genes, monoallelic mutations have been found to be associated with breast cancer risk, while the risk associations of others remain unknown. The gene for FA type C, FANCC, has been proposed as a breast cancer susceptibility gene based on epidemiological and sequencing studies. We used the Oncoarray project to genotype two truncating FANCC variants (p.R185X and p.R548X) in 64,760 breast cancer cases and 49,793 controls of European descent. FANCC mutations were observed in 25 cases (14 with p.R185X, 11 with p.R548X) and 26 controls (18 with p.R185X, 8 with p.R548X). There was no evidence of an association with the risk of breast cancer, neither overall (odds ratio 0.77, 95%CI 0.44-1.33, p = 0.4) nor by histology, hormone receptor status, age or family history. We conclude that the breast cancer risk association of these two FANCC variants, if any, is much smaller than for BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2 mutations. If this applies to all truncating variants in FANCC it would suggest there are differences between FA genes in their roles on breast cancer risk and demonstrates the merit of large consortia for clarifying risk associations of rare variants.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Proteína do Grupo de Complementação C da Anemia de Fanconi/genética , Deleção de Sequência , Proteína BRCA1/genética , Proteína BRCA2/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Anemia de Fanconi/genética , Proteína do Grupo de Complementação C da Anemia de Fanconi/metabolismo , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Variação Genética , Humanos
13.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1741, 2019 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30988301

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified more than 170 breast cancer susceptibility loci. Here we hypothesize that some risk-associated variants might act in non-breast tissues, specifically adipose tissue and immune cells from blood and spleen. Using expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) reported in these tissues, we identify 26 previously unreported, likely target genes of overall breast cancer risk variants, and 17 for estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer, several with a known immune function. We determine the directional effect of gene expression on disease risk measured based on single and multiple eQTL. In addition, using a gene-based test of association that considers eQTL from multiple tissues, we identify seven (and four) regions with variants associated with overall (and ER-negative) breast cancer risk, which were not reported in previous GWAS. Further investigation of the function of the implicated genes in breast and immune cells may provide insights into the etiology of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Locos de Características Quantitativas
14.
Radiat Oncol ; 14(1): 39, 2019 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30845971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arm-lymphedema is a major complication after breast cancer. Recent studies demonstrate the validity of predicting Breast Cancer Related Lymphedema (BCRL) by self-reports. We aimed to investigate the rate of BCRL and its risk factors in the long-term using self-reported symptoms. METHODS: Data was collected from 385 patients who underwent multimodal therapy for nodal positive breast cancer, including breast conserving surgery, axillary dissection, and local or locoregional radiotherapy. Two validated questionnaires were used for the survey of BCRL (i.e. LBCQ-D and SDBC-D). These were analysed collectively with retrospective data of our medical records. RESULTS: 23.5% (n = 43) suffered a permanent BCRL (stage II-III) after a median follow-up time of 10.1 years (4.9-15.9 years); further 11.5% (n = 23) reported at least one episode of reversible BCRL (Stage 0-I) during the follow-up time. 87.1% of the patients with lymphedema developed this condition in the first two years. Adjuvant chemotherapy was a significant risk factor for the appearance of BCRL (p = 0.001; 95%-CI 7.7-10.2). CONCLUSIONS: Breast cancer survivors face a high risk of BCRL, particularly if axillary dissection was carried out. Almost 90% of BCRL occurred during the first two years after radiotherapy. Self-report of symptoms seems to be a suitable instrument of early detection of BCRL.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Linfedema/etiologia , Mastectomia Segmentar/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Braço , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Linfedema/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Clin Transl Radiat Oncol ; 15: 99-107, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30815593

RESUMO

Background and purpose: The translationally controlled tumor protein 1 (TPT1/TCTP) has been implicated in the intracellular DNA damage response. We tested the role of TPT1 in breast cancer (BC) predisposition and re-evaluated its function in Ataxia-Telangiectasia mutated (ATM)-mediated damage recognition and DNA repair. Material and methods: The TPT1 coding sequence was scanned for mutations in genomic DNA from 200 breast cancer patients. TPT1 was down-regulated through siRNA in breast epithelial and fibroblast cell cultures. ATM activation after irradiation (IR) was analyzed by western blotting, and γH2A.X foci were monitored by immunocytochemistry. Results: The sequencing study identified a novel, potentially damaging missense mutation in a single patient. Silencing of TPT1 did not significantly affect ATM kinase activity and did not impair the initial formation of γH2A.X foci, while we observed a marginally significant effect on residual γH2A.X foci at 6-48 h after IR. Conclusions: TPT1 does not harbor common mutations as BC susceptibility gene. Consistently, TPT1 protein is not required for the recognition of radiation-induced DNA damage via the ATM-dependent pathway and has only slight impact on timely repair. These results may be important when considering TPT1 as a DNA damage marker.

16.
Strahlenther Onkol ; 195(5): 420-429, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30610354

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the differences in the target volume (TV) delineation of metachronous lymph node metastases between 68 Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT and conventional imaging in a comparative retrospective contouring study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with biochemical prostate cancer recurrence after primary prostatectomy underwent 68 Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT in addition to conventional imaging techniques such as CT and/or MR imaging for restaging. All patients were diagnosed with at least one lymph node metastasis. TVs were manually delineated in two different ways: (a) based on conventional imaging (CT/MRI) and (b) based on conventional imaging (CT/MRI) plus 68 Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT. The size of TVs, overlap rates, and subjective assessment of the difficulty of TV delineation reported by the radiation oncologist (easy/moderate/difficult) were compared. RESULTS: With the additional information from PSMA ligand PET, 47 lymph node metastases were identified and included in the gross tumor volume (GTV). The median clinical target volume (CTV) of non-PET-based TV delineation was statistically larger than the CTV based on PET imaging (134.8 ml [range 6.9-565.2] versus 44.9 ml [range 4.9-481.3; p = 0.001]). The CTV based on CT/MRI enclosed only 81.3% (39/48) of PET-positive lymph nodes. The CT/MRI-based CTV did not enclose all PET-positive lymph nodes in 24% (6/25) of patients. In 12% (3/25) of patients, all PET-positive lymph nodes were outside of the CT/MRI-based CTV. The median overlap rates (TVPET/TVCT/MRIâ€¯× 100) were 45.7% (range 0-96.9) for the GTV and 71.7% (range 9.8-98.2) for the CTV. The assessment of difficulty of contouring revealed that contouring with the additional imaging information of the PET was categorized as easy/moderate in 92% (23/25) and as difficult in 8% (2/25) of the cases, whereas contouring based on CT/MRI without PET was categorized as difficult in 56% (14/25) and as easy/moderate in 44% of the cases (11/25; p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: 68 Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT is superior to conventional cross-sectional imaging for the delineation of lymph node metastases from prostate cancer. PET-based TV delineation allows for smaller target volumes and should be considered the standard for irradiation of metachronous lymph node metastases in recurrent prostate cancer. Conventional imaging is not sufficiently sensitive for radio-oncological treatment concepts in oligometastatic prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/radioterapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Idoso , Ácido Edético/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Oligopeptídeos , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Radioterapia , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/normas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Carga Tumoral
17.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 103(1): 95-104, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30201438

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the patterns of progression after 68Ga prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-ligand positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT)-guided radiation therapy (RT) for recurrent oligometastatic prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS AND MATERIALS: One hundred and eight patients with increased prostate-specific antigen levels, who received 68Ga-PSMA-ligand PET/CT-guided RT for recurrent oligometastatic disease after primary therapy for PCa were included. The biochemical progression-free survival and distant disease-free survival after PSMA-ligand PET/CT-guided RT were determined. The patterns of progression were determined using renewed 68Ga-PSMA-ligand PET/CT in patients with biochemical progression and compared with the clinical target volume of the 68Ga-PSMA-ligand PET/CT-guided RT. The frequency of infield and outfield relapses was recorded. RESULTS: A total of 97.2% (105 of 108) of patients showed a decrease in prostate-specific antigen levels after RT and were classified as biochemical responders. After the median follow-up of 18 months, 43.5% (47 of 108) of the patients experienced biochemical progression, resulting in an estimated biochemical progression-free survival of 16 months. Renewed 68Ga-PSMA-ligand PET/CT allowed localization of recurrent disease in 91.7% (33 of 36) of patients. Analysis of the patterns of progression resulted in a cumulative infield relapse rate of 12.1% (4 of 33) and a cumulative outfield relapse rate of 87.9% (29 of 33). The resultant median disease-free survival was 11 months. In terms of the pattern of progression, we observed a shift in the pattern of metastases toward skeletal involvement and distant lymph node metastases. Of these patients, 45.5% (15 of 33) were treated with further RT to delay initiation or escalation of systemic therapies. CONCLUSION: PSMA-ligand PET/CT-guided RT for relapsed PCa with limited tumor burden allowed individualization of treatment approaches, provided effective local control, and resulted in considerably prolonged biochemical progression-free survival. As indicated by the PSMA-ligand PET/CT-based patterns of progression, repeated PET/CT-guided RT may represent a treatment option in well-selected patients with relapse after RT for oligometastatic disease.


Assuntos
Ácido Edético/análogos & derivados , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Oligopeptídeos , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia
18.
Am J Hum Genet ; 104(1): 21-34, 2019 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30554720

RESUMO

Stratification of women according to their risk of breast cancer based on polygenic risk scores (PRSs) could improve screening and prevention strategies. Our aim was to develop PRSs, optimized for prediction of estrogen receptor (ER)-specific disease, from the largest available genome-wide association dataset and to empirically validate the PRSs in prospective studies. The development dataset comprised 94,075 case subjects and 75,017 control subjects of European ancestry from 69 studies, divided into training and validation sets. Samples were genotyped using genome-wide arrays, and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected by stepwise regression or lasso penalized regression. The best performing PRSs were validated in an independent test set comprising 11,428 case subjects and 18,323 control subjects from 10 prospective studies and 190,040 women from UK Biobank (3,215 incident breast cancers). For the best PRSs (313 SNPs), the odds ratio for overall disease per 1 standard deviation in ten prospective studies was 1.61 (95%CI: 1.57-1.65) with area under receiver-operator curve (AUC) = 0.630 (95%CI: 0.628-0.651). The lifetime risk of overall breast cancer in the top centile of the PRSs was 32.6%. Compared with women in the middle quintile, those in the highest 1% of risk had 4.37- and 2.78-fold risks, and those in the lowest 1% of risk had 0.16- and 0.27-fold risks, of developing ER-positive and ER-negative disease, respectively. Goodness-of-fit tests indicated that this PRS was well calibrated and predicts disease risk accurately in the tails of the distribution. This PRS is a powerful and reliable predictor of breast cancer risk that may improve breast cancer prevention programs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/classificação , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Herança Multifatorial/genética , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Anamnese , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco
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