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1.
Eur Urol Focus ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 40-70% of biochemically recurrent prostate cancer (PCa) is oligorecurrent after prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron emission tomography (PET) staging. Metastasis-directed radiotherapy (MDT) of PSMA-positive oligorecurrence is now frequently used, but the role of concurrent androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of concurrent ADT with PSMA PET-directed MDT on biochemical progression-free survival (bRFS). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a retrospective multicenter study of 305 patients with biochemical recurrence and PSMA PET-positive oligorecurrence following initial curative treatment between April 2013 and January 2018. INTERVENTION: MDT with fractionated or stereotactic body radiotherapy for all PSMA-positive metastatic sites; 37.8% received concurrent ADT. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The primary outcome was bRFS, which was measured using Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank testing. Secondary outcomes were ADT-free survival, overall survival (OS), and toxicity was analyzed using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.03. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine independent clinicopathological factors. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: The median follow-up was 16 mo (interquartile range 9-27). Some 96% of the patients initially had high-risk PCa. A median of one (range 0-19) nodal metastases and one (range 0-5) distant metastases were treated. MDT+ADT significantly improved bRFS and remained an independent factor (hazard ratio 0.28, 95% confidence interval 0.16-0.51; p<0.0001). bRFS was not significantly different between MDT+≤6 mo of ADT and MDT alone (p=0.121). Patients receiving MDT had 1- and 2-yr ADT-free survival of 93% and 83%, respectively. New therapies, most frequently MDT (23%), were required more frequently after MDT (85% vs 29%; p<0.001). Grade ≥3 acute toxicity was observed in 0.9% of patients and late toxicity in 2.3%. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of patients with oligorecurrent PCa, concurrent ADT with MDT improved bRFS significantly, but a large number of patients treated with MDT were spared from ADT for 2yr, although a greater need for other salvage therapies was observed. PATIENT SUMMARY: The role of concurrent androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with radiotherapy for prostate cancer oligorecurrence identified on prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography was studied. We concluded that radiotherapy alone could prolong the time to start of ADT. However, the risk of disease progression and consequently the need for further treatments is higher after local radiotherapy alone without immediate ADT.

2.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 12524, 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467304

RESUMO

Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder with 22 disease-causing genes reported to date. In some FA genes, monoallelic mutations have been found to be associated with breast cancer risk, while the risk associations of others remain unknown. The gene for FA type C, FANCC, has been proposed as a breast cancer susceptibility gene based on epidemiological and sequencing studies. We used the Oncoarray project to genotype two truncating FANCC variants (p.R185X and p.R548X) in 64,760 breast cancer cases and 49,793 controls of European descent. FANCC mutations were observed in 25 cases (14 with p.R185X, 11 with p.R548X) and 26 controls (18 with p.R185X, 8 with p.R548X). There was no evidence of an association with the risk of breast cancer, neither overall (odds ratio 0.77, 95%CI 0.44-1.33, p = 0.4) nor by histology, hormone receptor status, age or family history. We conclude that the breast cancer risk association of these two FANCC variants, if any, is much smaller than for BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2 mutations. If this applies to all truncating variants in FANCC it would suggest there are differences between FA genes in their roles on breast cancer risk and demonstrates the merit of large consortia for clarifying risk associations of rare variants.

3.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1741, 2019 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30988301

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified more than 170 breast cancer susceptibility loci. Here we hypothesize that some risk-associated variants might act in non-breast tissues, specifically adipose tissue and immune cells from blood and spleen. Using expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) reported in these tissues, we identify 26 previously unreported, likely target genes of overall breast cancer risk variants, and 17 for estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer, several with a known immune function. We determine the directional effect of gene expression on disease risk measured based on single and multiple eQTL. In addition, using a gene-based test of association that considers eQTL from multiple tissues, we identify seven (and four) regions with variants associated with overall (and ER-negative) breast cancer risk, which were not reported in previous GWAS. Further investigation of the function of the implicated genes in breast and immune cells may provide insights into the etiology of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Locos de Características Quantitativas
4.
Radiat Oncol ; 14(1): 39, 2019 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30845971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arm-lymphedema is a major complication after breast cancer. Recent studies demonstrate the validity of predicting Breast Cancer Related Lymphedema (BCRL) by self-reports. We aimed to investigate the rate of BCRL and its risk factors in the long-term using self-reported symptoms. METHODS: Data was collected from 385 patients who underwent multimodal therapy for nodal positive breast cancer, including breast conserving surgery, axillary dissection, and local or locoregional radiotherapy. Two validated questionnaires were used for the survey of BCRL (i.e. LBCQ-D and SDBC-D). These were analysed collectively with retrospective data of our medical records. RESULTS: 23.5% (n = 43) suffered a permanent BCRL (stage II-III) after a median follow-up time of 10.1 years (4.9-15.9 years); further 11.5% (n = 23) reported at least one episode of reversible BCRL (Stage 0-I) during the follow-up time. 87.1% of the patients with lymphedema developed this condition in the first two years. Adjuvant chemotherapy was a significant risk factor for the appearance of BCRL (p = 0.001; 95%-CI 7.7-10.2). CONCLUSIONS: Breast cancer survivors face a high risk of BCRL, particularly if axillary dissection was carried out. Almost 90% of BCRL occurred during the first two years after radiotherapy. Self-report of symptoms seems to be a suitable instrument of early detection of BCRL.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Linfedema/etiologia , Mastectomia Segmentar/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Braço , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Linfedema/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Strahlenther Onkol ; 195(5): 420-429, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30610354

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the differences in the target volume (TV) delineation of metachronous lymph node metastases between 68 Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT and conventional imaging in a comparative retrospective contouring study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with biochemical prostate cancer recurrence after primary prostatectomy underwent 68 Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT in addition to conventional imaging techniques such as CT and/or MR imaging for restaging. All patients were diagnosed with at least one lymph node metastasis. TVs were manually delineated in two different ways: (a) based on conventional imaging (CT/MRI) and (b) based on conventional imaging (CT/MRI) plus 68 Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT. The size of TVs, overlap rates, and subjective assessment of the difficulty of TV delineation reported by the radiation oncologist (easy/moderate/difficult) were compared. RESULTS: With the additional information from PSMA ligand PET, 47 lymph node metastases were identified and included in the gross tumor volume (GTV). The median clinical target volume (CTV) of non-PET-based TV delineation was statistically larger than the CTV based on PET imaging (134.8 ml [range 6.9-565.2] versus 44.9 ml [range 4.9-481.3; p = 0.001]). The CTV based on CT/MRI enclosed only 81.3% (39/48) of PET-positive lymph nodes. The CT/MRI-based CTV did not enclose all PET-positive lymph nodes in 24% (6/25) of patients. In 12% (3/25) of patients, all PET-positive lymph nodes were outside of the CT/MRI-based CTV. The median overlap rates (TVPET/TVCT/MRIâ€¯× 100) were 45.7% (range 0-96.9) for the GTV and 71.7% (range 9.8-98.2) for the CTV. The assessment of difficulty of contouring revealed that contouring with the additional imaging information of the PET was categorized as easy/moderate in 92% (23/25) and as difficult in 8% (2/25) of the cases, whereas contouring based on CT/MRI without PET was categorized as difficult in 56% (14/25) and as easy/moderate in 44% of the cases (11/25; p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: 68 Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT is superior to conventional cross-sectional imaging for the delineation of lymph node metastases from prostate cancer. PET-based TV delineation allows for smaller target volumes and should be considered the standard for irradiation of metachronous lymph node metastases in recurrent prostate cancer. Conventional imaging is not sufficiently sensitive for radio-oncological treatment concepts in oligometastatic prostate cancer.

6.
Am J Hum Genet ; 104(1): 21-34, 2019 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30554720

RESUMO

Stratification of women according to their risk of breast cancer based on polygenic risk scores (PRSs) could improve screening and prevention strategies. Our aim was to develop PRSs, optimized for prediction of estrogen receptor (ER)-specific disease, from the largest available genome-wide association dataset and to empirically validate the PRSs in prospective studies. The development dataset comprised 94,075 case subjects and 75,017 control subjects of European ancestry from 69 studies, divided into training and validation sets. Samples were genotyped using genome-wide arrays, and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected by stepwise regression or lasso penalized regression. The best performing PRSs were validated in an independent test set comprising 11,428 case subjects and 18,323 control subjects from 10 prospective studies and 190,040 women from UK Biobank (3,215 incident breast cancers). For the best PRSs (313 SNPs), the odds ratio for overall disease per 1 standard deviation in ten prospective studies was 1.61 (95%CI: 1.57-1.65) with area under receiver-operator curve (AUC) = 0.630 (95%CI: 0.628-0.651). The lifetime risk of overall breast cancer in the top centile of the PRSs was 32.6%. Compared with women in the middle quintile, those in the highest 1% of risk had 4.37- and 2.78-fold risks, and those in the lowest 1% of risk had 0.16- and 0.27-fold risks, of developing ER-positive and ER-negative disease, respectively. Goodness-of-fit tests indicated that this PRS was well calibrated and predicts disease risk accurately in the tails of the distribution. This PRS is a powerful and reliable predictor of breast cancer risk that may improve breast cancer prevention programs.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30201438

RESUMO

We demonstrated in 108 patients with increased prostate-specific antigen levels, who received 68Ga-PSMA-ligand PET/CT-guided radiotherapy (RT) for recurrent oligometastatic disease after primary therapy for prostate cancer (PCa) that PSMA-ligand PET/CT-guided RT for relapsed PCa with limited tumor burden allowed individualized treatment approaches, provided effective local control and considerably prolonged biochemical progression-free survival. The PSMA-ligand PET/CT patterns of progression revealed a shift in the pattern of metastases towards skeletal involvement and distant lymph node metastases.

10.
Nat Genet ; 50(7): 968-978, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29915430

RESUMO

The breast cancer risk variants identified in genome-wide association studies explain only a small fraction of the familial relative risk, and the genes responsible for these associations remain largely unknown. To identify novel risk loci and likely causal genes, we performed a transcriptome-wide association study evaluating associations of genetically predicted gene expression with breast cancer risk in 122,977 cases and 105,974 controls of European ancestry. We used data from the Genotype-Tissue Expression Project to establish genetic models to predict gene expression in breast tissue and evaluated model performance using data from The Cancer Genome Atlas. Of the 8,597 genes evaluated, significant associations were identified for 48 at a Bonferroni-corrected threshold of P < 5.82 × 10-6, including 14 genes at loci not yet reported for breast cancer. We silenced 13 genes and showed an effect for 11 on cell proliferation and/or colony-forming efficiency. Our study provides new insights into breast cancer genetics and biology.

12.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 45(6): 913-922, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29308527

RESUMO

PURPOSE: [68Ga]Tris(hydroxypyridinone)(THP)-PSMA is a novel radiopharmaceutical for one-step kit-based radiolabelling, based on direct chelation of 68Ga3+ at low concentration, room temperature and over a wide pH range, using direct elution from a 68Ge/68Ga-generator. We evaluated the clinical detection rates of [68Ga]THP-PSMA PET/CT in patients with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer after prostatectomy. METHODS: Consecutive patients (n=99) referred for evaluation of biochemical relapse of prostate cancer by [68Ga]THP-PSMA PET/CT were analyzed retrospectively. Patients underwent a standard whole-body PET/CT (1 h p.i.), followed by delayed (3 h p.i.) imaging of the abdomen. PSA-stratified cohorts of positive PET/CT results, standardized uptake values (SUVs) and target-to-background ratios (TBRs) were analyzed, and compared between standard and delayed imaging. RESULTS: At least one lesion suggestive of recurrent or metastatic prostate cancer was identified on PET images in 52 patients (52.5%). Detection rates of [68Ga]THP-PSMA PET/CT increased with increasing PSA level: 94.1% for a PSA value of ≥10 ng/mL, 77.3% for a PSA value of 2 to <10 ng/mL, 54.5% for a PSA value of 1 to <2 ng/mL, 14.3% for a PSA value of 0.5 to <1 ng/mL, 20.0% for a PSA value of >0.2 to <0.5, and 22.2% for a PSA value of 0.01 to 0.2 ng/mL. [68Ga]THP-PSMA uptake (SUVs) in metastases decreased over time, whereas TBRs improved. Delayed imaging at 3 h p.i. exclusively identified pathologic findings in 2% of [68Ga]THP-PSMA PET/CT scans. Detection rate was higher in patients with a Gleason score ≥8 (P=0.02) and in patients receiving androgen deprivation therapy (P=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, [68Ga]THP-PSMA PET/CT showed suitable detection rates in patients with biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer and PSA levels ≥ 2 ng /mL. Detections rates were lower than in previous studies evaluating other PSMA ligands, though prospective direct radiotracer comparison studies are mandatory particularly in patients with low PSA levels to evaluate the relative performance of different PSMA ligands.

13.
Strahlenther Onkol ; 194(4): 303-310, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29134231

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the patterns of relapse and impact on the intended treatment when using 68Ga-prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) ligand positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging for restaging of disease in patients with biochemical relapse after radical prostatectomy (RP) before salvage radiotherapy (sRT). METHODS: In all, 39 patients with biochemical recurrence after RP who had no primary indication for adjuvant RT due to the absence of biologically unfavorable disease (e.g., extracapsular extension, seminal vesicle invasion, positive margins, or lymph node involvement) underwent a 68Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT for planning of sRT. RESULTS: PET/CT was positive in 84.6% (33/39) of patients. A total of 61 lesions were observed in these patients (on average 1.8 lesions per patient); 30.3% (10/33) of patients had locally recurrent disease in the prostatic bed. The clinical TNM stage (TNM: tumour-lymph nodes-metastasis-classification) was altered in 69.7% (23/33) of patients following PET, resulting in individualized treatment concepts. A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) >1.0 ng/mL was significantly associated with an increased risk of extrapelvic metastatic disease (p = 0.048). The PSA level at the time of PSMA ligand PET/CT correlated with the peak standardized uptake value (SUVpeak; p = 0.002). According to current clinical guidelines, the remaining 15.4% (6/39) of patients without evidence of disease on PET received sRT with a dose of 66.0 Gy. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that in patients with biochemical recurrence who did not receive early sRT, a 68Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT for restaging of disease allows for tailoring and individualizing treatment. Particularly in patients with PSA levels above 1.0 ng/mL, a 68Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT should be performed for therapy planning, since patients often have metastases not confined to the pelvis.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Superfície , Radioisótopos de Gálio , Glutamato Carboxipeptidase II , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Medicina de Precisão , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Terapia de Salvação , Idoso , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Radioterapia Adjuvante
14.
Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 51(4): 314-322, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29242725

RESUMO

Purpose: 68Ga-labeled prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) ligand positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) has shown promising results in patients with biochemical recurrence after primary therapy for prostate cancer. In this study, we evaluated the usefulness of PSMA I&T (imaging and therapy) PET/CT prior to radical prostatectomy. Methods: The study population consisted of 21 patients with prostate cancer who underwent 68Ga-PSMA I&T PET/CT before either open or laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Intraprostatic tumor extent, extracapsular extension (ECE) and seminal vesicle invasion (SVI) were assessed on the PET/CT scans. Tracer uptake was quantified in terms of standardized uptake values (SUVs). Imaging findings were correlated with final whole-gland histopathology. Results: Of the 21 patients, two had T stage 2b disease, nine stage 2c, six stage 3a and four stage 3b. The median Gleason score was 7. The SUVmean of the primary tumors was 9.5 ± 8.8. SUVmean was higher in tumors with ECE than in organ-confined tumors (13.8 ± 11.0 vs. 5.6 ± 3.2, p = 0.029). Peak tracer uptake was significantly positively correlated with Gleason score (rs = 0.49, p = 0.025). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were, respectively, 94.7%, 75.0%, 97.3% and 60.0% for tumor infiltration of an individual prostate lobe, 75.0%, 100.0%, 100.0% and 97.4% for SVI, and 90.0%, 90.9%, 90.0% and 90.9% for ECE, using an angulated contour of the prostate as the criterion. Tumor volume derived from 68Ga-PSMA I&T PET/CT was significantly correlated with preoperative prostate-specific antigen value (rp = 0.75, p < 0.001) and tumor volume on histopathology (rp = 0.45, p = 0.039). Conclusions: 68Ga-PSMA I&T PET/CT prior to radical prostatectomy can contribute to presurgical local staging of prostate cancer. In this pilot study, 68Ga-PSMA I&T PET/CT showed promising results for prediction of lobe infiltration, ECE and SVI.

15.
Radiother Oncol ; 125(2): 286-292, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29050956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study presents the evaluation of acute and late toxicities of the lung in children and adolescents after irradiation in terms of dose-volume effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Irradiated children and adolescents in Germany have prospectively been documented since 2001 in the "Registry for the Evaluation of Side-Effects after Radiotherapy in Childhood and Adolescence (RiSK)"; in Sweden since 2008 in the RADTOX registry. RESULTS: Up to April 2012, 1,392 children were recruited from RiSK, and up to June 2013, 485 from the RADTOX-registry. Of these patients, 295 were irradiated to the lung. Information about acute toxicity was available for 228 patients. 179 patients have been documented concerning late toxicity (≥grade 1: n = 28). The acute toxicity rate was noticeably higher in children irradiated with 5-20Gy (p < 0.05). In the univariate analysis, a shorter time until late toxicity was noticeably associated with irradiation with 5-15Gy (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Acute and late toxicities appear to be correlated with higher irradiation volumes and low doses. Our data indicate that similar to the situation in adult patients, V5, V10, V15 and V20 should be kept as low as possible (e.g., at least V5 < 50%, V10 and V15 < 35% and V20 < 30%) in children and adolescents to lower the risk of toxicity.


Assuntos
Pulmão/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias/radioterapia , Lesões por Radiação/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Criança , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Sistema de Registros , Suécia/epidemiologia
16.
In Vivo ; 31(5): 949-955, 2017 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28882964

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate treatment-related factors such as overall treatment time (OTT) and radiation treatment time (RTT) in head-and-neck cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 216 patients with locoregionally advanced inoperable head and neck cancer were treated with definitive radio(chemo)therapy. Mean follow-up was 37 months. RESULTS: Median time from diagnosis to start of radiotherapy (total waiting time) was 34 days, and comprised of referral waiting time and time for preparatory work. Median RTT was 40 days, and median OTT was 91 days. At 6, 12 and 24 months local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) was 75%, 65% and 60%; metastasis-free survival (MFS) was 84%, 77% and 70%; overall survival (OS) was 72%, 58% and 40%. Tumor stage, boost and chemotherapy were significant for OS, waiting time for preparatory work and RTT were significant for MFS, and referral waiting time and total radiotherapy dose for LRFS. CONCLUSION: RTT ≤40 days was a prognostic factor for better MFS. Prolonged waiting time had a converse effect for radiotherapy with better outcome on MFS and LRFS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Recidiva , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Nucl Med ; 58(12): 1962-1968, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28522740

RESUMO

A quantitative imaging biomarker is desirable to provide a comprehensive measure of whole-body tumor burden in patients with metastatic prostate cancer, and to standardize the evaluation of treatment-related changes. Therefore, we evaluated whether prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) ligand PET/CT may be applied to provide PSMA-derived volumetric parameters for quantification of whole-body tumor burden. Methods: One hundred one patients who underwent 68Ga-PSMA I&T PET/CT because of increasing prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels after radical prostatectomy were included in this retrospective analysis. Tracer uptake was quantified using SUVs. Volumetric parameters, that is, PSMA-derived tumor volume (PSMA-TV) and total lesion PSMA (TL-PSMA), were calculated for each patient using a 3-dimensional segmentation and computerized volumetry technique and compared with serum PSA levels. In a group of 10 patients, volumetric parameters were applied for treatment monitoring. Results: Volumetric parameters, that is, whole-body PSMA-TV and whole-body TL-PSMA, demonstrated a statistically significant correlation with PSA levels (P < 0.0001) as a surrogate marker of tumor burden, whereas SUVmax (P = 0.22) or SUVmean (P = 0.45) did not. Treatment response and treatment failure were paralleled by concordant changes in both whole-body PSMA-TV and whole-body TL-PSMA (P = 0.02), whereas neither the change in SUVmax (P = 1.0) nor the change in SUVmean (P = 1.0) concordantly paralleled changes in PSA levels. Conclusion: PSMA-derived volumetric parameters provide a quantitative imaging biomarker for whole-body tumor burden, capable of standardizing quantitative changes in PET imaging of patients with metastatic prostate cancer and of facilitating therapy monitoring.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Ácido Edético/análogos & derivados , Glicólise , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imagem Tridimensional , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Oligopeptídeos , Compostos Organometálicos , Antígeno Prostático Específico/análise , Antígeno Prostático Específico/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carga Tumoral , Imagem Corporal Total
19.
Anticancer Res ; 37(3): 1273-1279, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28314292

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate 68Ga-PSMA ligand positron-emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT)-based radiotherapy for lymph node metastases of prostate cancer after primary therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients received radiotherapy for PSMA ligand-positive lymph node metastases. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 12.4 (range=6.0-28.5) months. The median pre-treatment prostate-specific antigen (PSA) decreased from 2.75 (range=0.52-8.92) ng/ml to a nadir of 1.37 (range=0.11-8.00) ng/ml (p=0.001) following radiotherapy. Except for one patient (4.4%), PSA level decreased in 22 patients (95.6%). The biochemical failure-free survival and time to initiation of systemic therapy at the median follow-up were 95.6% and 100%, respectively. Three patients (12.9%) presented with recurrent disease outside the initial radiation field. No grade III acute toxicities or late grade II toxicities were observed. CONCLUSION: 68Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT-based radiotherapy is a promising local treatment option for isolated lymph node metastases of prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Radioisótopos de Gálio/química , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos de Superfície/química , Glutamato Carboxipeptidase II/química , Humanos , Ligantes , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Recidiva , Tempo para o Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 44(6): 960-968, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28280856

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the value of dual-time point imaging in PET/CT for detection of biochemically recurrent or persistent prostate cancer, using the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) ligand [68Ga]PSMA I&T. METHODS: 240 patients who underwent a [68Ga]PSMA I&T PET/CT in the context of biochemical relapse of prostate cancer were included in this retrospective analysis. Imaging consisted of a standard whole-body PET/CT (1 h p.i.), followed by delayed (3 h p.i.) imaging of the abdomen. PSA-stratified proportions of positive PET/CT results, standardized uptake values and target-to-background ratios were analyzed, and compared between standard and delayed imaging. RESULTS: The overall detection rates of [68Ga]PSMA I&T PET/CT were 94.2, 71.8, 58.6, 55.9 and 38.9% for PSA levels of ≥2, 1 to <2, 0.5 to <1, >0.2 to <0.5, and 0.01 to 0.2 ng/mL, respectively. Although the target-to-background ratio improved significantly over time (P < 0.0001), the majority (96.6%) of all lesions suggestive of recurrent disease could already be detected in standard imaging. Delayed imaging at 3 h p.i. exclusively identified pathologic findings in 5.4% (10/184) of abnormal [68Ga]PSMA I&T PET/CT scans, and exclusively detected 3.4% (38/1134) of all lesions suggestive of recurrent disease. CONCLUSIONS: [68Ga]PSMA I&T PET/CT shows high detection rates in patients with prostate-specific antigen persistence or biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer. Delayed imaging can detect lesions with improved contrast compared to standard imaging. However, the impact on detection rates was limited in this study.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação , Oligopeptídeos , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Antígeno Prostático Específico/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Seguimentos , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/normas , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Recidiva , Padrões de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
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