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1.
J Oral Rehabil ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although many children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) develop arthritis and deformity of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), many go undetected. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates whether findings from patient history and clinical examination using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) can be used to diagnose TMJ involvement. METHODS: As a part of the screening program, 59 consecutive JIA patients age 7-14 years underwent a clinical examination according to RDC/TMD including self-reported orofacial pain and pain related to jaw function, and cone beam computer tomography (CBCT). Data were obtained from the patient's medical charts. Patients were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of TMJ deformities on CBCT. RESULTS: Self-reported TMJ symptoms before inclusion were reported by 52% of children with and 18% of children without TMJ deformities on CBCT (p= 0.020). On a group level, the maximum unassisted (mouth) opening (MUO) with and without pain was within the normal range, but children with TMJ deformities showed a significantly smaller MUO with pain (p= 0.035). A diagnosis of osteoarthritis and osteoarthrosis was more prevalent in children with TMJ deformities. CONCLUSION: Although there were few differences between children with and without radiographic TMJ deformities, self-reported previous TMJ symptoms and reduced MUO with pain could indicate the presence of TMJ involvement. However, radiographic examinations are needed to confirm TMJ involvement. Thus, this study indicates that the RDC/TMD protocol is a blunt tool when targeting TMJ involvement in JIA.

2.
Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491457

RESUMO

The aim of this bibliometric research was to identify and analyze the top 100 cited systematic reviews in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery in order to guide any professional level with interest in this topic and to map the current trends the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Using the Web of Science database without restrictions on publication year or language, a bibliometric analysis was performed for the five major journals of oral and maxillofacial surgery: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (IJOMS), Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (JOMS), Journal of Cranio-maxillofacial Surgery (JCMS), British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery (BJOMS), and Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology (Triple-O). The most top-cited systematic review was published in 2015 with a total of 200 citations on survival and success rates of dental implants, consistent with the finding that "pre- and peri-implant surgery and dental implantology," and "craniomaxillofacial deformities and cosmetic surgery" were the most frequently cited topics (22% each). The majority of top cited papers were published in IJOMS (43%), followed by JOMS (34%), Triple-O (8%), JCMS(8%) and BJOMS(7%). The highest number of contributions was from the Netherlands, followed by Italy and USA. The outcome of this article can be used as a source of information and to guide not just researchers but also clinicians and students to which areas are trending in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, thus also having a large impact on the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery. However, this article cannot reflect the quality of the included systematic reviews.

3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 15673, 2021 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34341446

RESUMO

Nocifensive behavior induced by injection of glutamate or nerve growth factor (NGF) into rats masseter muscle is mediated, in part, through the activation of peripheral NMDA receptors. However, information is lacking about the mechanism that contributes to pain and sensitization induced by these substances in humans. Immunohistochemical analysis of microbiopsies obtained from human masseter muscle was used to investigate if injection of glutamate into the NGF-sensitized masseter muscle alters the density or expression of the NMDA receptor subtype 2B (NR2B) or NGF by putative sensory afferent (that express SP) fibers. The relationship between expression and pain characteristics was also examined. NGF and glutamate administration increased the density and expression of NR2B and NGF by muscle putative sensory afferent fibers (P < 0.050). This increase in expression was greater in women than in men (P < 0.050). Expression of NR2B receptors by putative sensory afferent fibers was positively correlated with pain characteristics. Results suggest that increased expression of peripheral NMDA receptors partly contributes to the increased pain and sensitivity induced by intramuscular injection of NGF and glutamate in healthy humans; a model of myofascial temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain. Whether a similar increase in peripheral NMDA expression occurs in patients with painful TMDs warrants further investigation.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13873, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230516

RESUMO

The neurophysiological mechanisms underlying NGF-induced masseter muscle sensitization and sex-related differences in its effect are not well understood in humans. Therefore, this longitudinal cohort study aimed to investigate the effect of NGF injection on the density and expression of substance P, NMDA-receptors and NGF by the nerve fibers in the human masseter muscle, to correlate expression with pain characteristics, and to determine any possible sex-related differences in these effects of NGF. The magnitude of NGF-induced mechanical sensitization and pain during oral function was significantly greater in women than in men (P < 0.050). Significant positive correlations were found between nerve fiber expression of NMDA-receptors and peak pain intensity (rs = 0.620, P = 0.048), and expression of NMDA-receptors by putative nociceptors and change in temporal summation pain after glutamate injection (rs = 0.561, P = 0.003). In women, there was a significant inverse relationship between the degree of NGF-induced mechanical sensitization and the change in nerve fiber expression of NMDA-receptors alone (rs = - 0.659, P = 0.013), and in combination with NGF (rs = - 0.764, P = 0.001). In conclusion, women displayed a greater magnitude of NGF-induced mechanical sensitization that also was associated with nerve fibers expression of NMDA-receptors, when compared to men. The present findings suggest that, in women, increased peripheral NMDA-receptor expression could be associated with masseter muscle pain sensitivity.

5.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 373, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238267

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Academic reading and writing are seen as self-evident literacy competences in most contemporary higher educations, however, whether students also are introduced to professional literacy of relevance for dentistry during their education is a question. The purpose of this study is to analyze one of the Swedish dental programmes, with respect to its design, in relation to possible content of relevance for academic and professional literacy. Secondarily, to identify and analyze Swedish dental students' writing in an academic setting, i.e. what these students are expected to read and write, and how they write. METHODS: Data, for this ethnographically inspired case-study, was produced by observations and audio-recordings of lectures, copies of teachers' handouts and of volunteering students' notes, and a multiple-choice-test. Data-analysis was made in five steps, starting with macro-level data, i.e. curriculum and syllabuses, followed by the syllabuses for the two observed modules, the teacher-provided material, analysis of the students' notes, while in the fifth and final step, the results from the previous steps were compared, to find patterns of what students were expected to read and write, and what in the teacher-provided multimodal material that was emphasized in teachers' talk. RESULTS: This study showed that students were engaged in several types of literacy events, such as reading, finding and watching videos on their learning platform, writing, and following instructions. The study also showed that there is a recurrent academic content comprised of anatomy, physiology and pathology, while the professional content comprised of patient communication and anamnesis. Further, an integrated content was found and was initiated in teacher-constructed PowerPoints and by student-questions. Note-taking patterns varied between individual students, but the general pattern for this group of students were the use of complementary notes. This type of note-taking was used to make available further descriptions of the teacher-constructed text in PowerPoints, but also an independent text describing pictures shown on teachers' PowerPoints or the blackboard. CONCLUSION: Findings from the present study reveal that students either copy text from teachers' PowerPoint-slides, re-formulate text from teachers' PowerPoint-slides, or write complementing text to teachers' PowerPoint-slides. Further, the students individually choses type of note-taking based on situation. The study also revealed that the academic literacy - in the two modules during the fifth and sixth semesters of a dental education analyzed - mainly has a professional basis for reading, writing, and communication purposes. The study also showed that academic and professional literacy are closely connected through recurrent integration.


Assuntos
Alfabetização , Estudantes , Educação em Odontologia , Humanos , Suécia , Redação
6.
J Oral Rehabil ; 48(6): 654-665, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33449396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate if intramuscular injection of sterile water can be used as a human experimental pain model that resembles clinical craniofacial muscle pain and to analyse if the effects differ between sexes. METHODS: This randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over study included 30 healthy age-matched women and men (23.6 ± 2.4 years). At three sessions, with at least one week of washout in between, 0.2 mL of either sterile water (test-substance), hypertonic saline (58.5 mg/mL; active control) or isotonic saline (0.9 mg/mL; passive control) was randomly injected into the right masseter muscle. Pain intensity (VAS) was continuously assessed during 5 min whereafter pain duration (s) and pain area (au) were calculated; pressure pain thresholds (PPT;kPa) were recorded every 5 minutes during 30 minutes. RESULTS: Sterile water evoked pain of similar intensity (74.5 ± 49.9) as hypertonic saline (74.0 ± 50.5); whereas, isotonic saline evoked low-intensity pain (11.4 ± 23.4). The pain induced by sterile water and hypertonic saline had higher intensity (P < 0.001), longer duration (P < 0.001) and larger pain area (P < 0.001) than isotonic saline. There were no significant differences in any pain variable between sterile water and hypertonic saline. The PPT did not change significantly after any substance, except for in women 5 minutes after sterile water injection (P < 0.002). Pain duration was longer in the men for all substances (P < 0.006), while the pain area was larger in women after injection of hypertonic saline (P < 0.003). CONCLUSION: These results indicate that pain evoked by sterile water resembles clinical muscle pain and may offer a novel and simpler alternative to hypertonic saline injections.


Assuntos
Mialgia , Limiar da Dor , Adulto , Estudos Cross-Over , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intramusculares , Masculino , Músculo Masseter , Medição da Dor , Solução Salina Hipertônica , Água , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Oral Rehabil ; 48(1): 35-44, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In skeletal muscle, free nerve endings are mostly located within the connective tissue. However, the distribution of sensory afferent fibres in healthy human masseter muscle tissues has not been studied. OBJECTIVES: Primarily to investigate human masseter muscle nerve fibre densities as well as expression of NR2B receptors, substance P (SP) and nerve growth factor (NGF), and secondarily to compare this between a) nerve fibres associated with myocytes and within connective tissue; b) sexes; and c) ages. METHODS: Microbiopsies of the masseter muscle were obtained from 60 sex- and age-matched healthy participants. Biopsy sections were analysed using immunohistochemistry and were visualised with a Leica TCS SPE confocal microscope. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: The density of nerve fibres within connective tissue was significantly greater than in nerve fibres associated with myocytes (P < .001). Nerve fibres within connective tissue expressed SP alone or together with NR2B significantly more often than those associated with myocytes (P < .001). The frequency of nerve fibres, which expressed SP alone or in combination with NR2B or NGF, was significantly greater in women than in men (P < .050). Moreover, the co-expression of the three markers together was inversely correlated with age in women (P < .002). CONCLUSIONS: There is a higher density and greater expression of sensory nerve fibres within the connective tissue than associated with myocytes in healthy human masseter muscle. This suggests that nerve fibres within connective tissue are more involved in nociception than nerve fibres associated with myocytes.


Assuntos
Músculo Masseter , Substância P , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético , Fibras Nervosas , Fator de Crescimento Neural
8.
BMC Med Educ ; 20(1): 511, 2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The transition from upper secondary to higher education and from higher education to professional practice requires that students adapt to new literacy practices, academic and professional. However, there is a gap of knowledge regarding literacy practices in dental education. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify what characterizes dental students' notetaking and secondarily to determine what dental students express regarding their notetaking. METHODS: To analyze students' perspectives about the purposes of notetaking and to examine their written notes in depth, three volunteer students, out of the 24 students that voluntarily and anonymously handed in their notes, were interviewed. The three undergraduate dental students that participated in this material-based, semi-structured interview study, framed within a New Literacy Studies approach, were on their third year (6th semester). The focus of these material-based interviews was on each student's notes. Questions prepared for semi-structured interviews were open-ended and allowed for individual follow-up questions related to the interviewee's answer. To analyze the outcome of the interviews a thematic analysis was used. RESULTS: From the material-based interviews eight themes that relate to what, how and for what purpose students write were discerned. These eight themes include professional vocabulary, core content as well as clinical examples that belong to what students read and write; multimodal accentuation as well as synthesis that belong to how students read and write; and mnemonic strategies, academic purposes, and professional purposes that belong to for what purpose students read and write. CONCLUSIONS: Findings from the interviews indicate that the digital development, offering a variety of available tools, has expanded the notion of notetaking. This study identified that dental students' notetaking has changed during their education from initially being synchronous, to also include multimodal and asynchronous writing, making notetaking more of a writing practice. Further, students' writing practices seem to be motivated by their knowledge formation in relation to a subject matter, but also in relation to their experiences during clinical training. Although, our hypothesis was that the main purpose of notetaking and writing was to pass their course examinations, this study showed that students that were half-way through their dental education, are aware that literacy practices are for learning for their future profession, and not only for passing their exams.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Estudantes de Odontologia , Redação , Computadores de Mão , Educação em Odontologia/métodos , Humanos , Software , Suécia
9.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070972

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Occlusal devices, particularly the stabilization appliances, have been commonly used as treatment for painful temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). However, the mechanisms of action of these devices are still unclear, including the role of the placebo effect in the pain management. PURPOSE: The purpose of this network meta-analysis was to identify to what extent the degree of efficacy of stabilization appliances in the management of painful TMDs arises from the placebo effect only or whether it arises chiefly from an actual effect. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search was undertaken to identify randomized clinical trials (RCTs) published up to April 2020, comparing the efficacy of the stabilization appliances in patients with painful temporomandibular disorders, with nonoccluding appliances (active placebo), and untreated controls (passive placebo). Outcome variables were pain intensity at follow-ups, the proportion of participants reporting pain improvement, and the number needed to treat. The quality of evidence was rated as per the Cochrane tool for assessing risk of bias. Mean difference was used to analyze via frequentist network meta-analysis by using the STATA software program. RESULTS: Treatment with stabilization appliances showed a significant reduction in pain intensity when compared with the other groups; but, the lower pain intensity at follow-ups in favor of stabilization appliances when compared with nonoccluding appliances was not statistically significant. However, a significantly higher number of participants reported pain improvement after treatment with stabilization appliances when compared with those treated with nonoccluding appliances or untreated participants. CONCLUSIONS: This network meta-analysis showed no significant difference in reported pain intensity at follow-ups between the treatment of painful TMDs with stabilization appliances or nonoccluding appliances (active placebo). However, a significant difference in participants reporting treatment satisfaction with reduced pain, and a significantly lower number needed to treat in favor of stabilization appliances were found. Patient-reported treatment satisfaction probably included more domains than just pain intensity, such as improvements in physical functioning and psychosocial factors, and deserves further investigation. The authors concluded that stabilization appliances treatment efficacy is beyond the placebo effect.

10.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 10(9)2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962201

RESUMO

Salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) is a marker of psychological stress and might also be a potential marker for pain-associated stress due its non-invasive, cost-effective, and stress-free collection. The current study aimed to investigate whether the levels of sAA are influenced by experimentally induced muscle pain. In this study, 26 healthy, pain-free and age-matched participants (23.8 ± 2.6 years) were included, 13 women and 13 men. Prior to the experiment, questionnaires assessing health and anxiety were completed. Muscle pain was then induced through intramuscular injection of 0.4 mL hypertonic saline (56.5 mg/mL) into the masseter muscle and unstimulated whole saliva samples were collected at baseline before injection, 2 min, and 15 min after injection. A commercially available colorimetric assay was used to analyze the sAA. Perceived pain and stress were assessed using a 0-100 Numeric Rating Scale for each sample. There were no significant differences in sAA levels prior and after injection of hypertonic saline (p > 0.05) although sAA levels showed a slight decrease during experimentally-induced muscle pain. However, a strong correlation was observed between self-reported pain and perceived level of stress during experimentally-induced muscle pain (r2 = 0.744; p < 0.0001). Furthermore, there was a moderate correlation between the levels of sAA at baseline and during experimental pain (r2 = 0.687; p < 0.0001). In conclusion, this study could not show any association between the levels of sAA and perceived pain and or/stress. However, since a significant strong correlation could be observed between perceived stress and pain intensity, this study indicates that experimentally-induced muscle pain could be used as a stress model.

11.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 179, 2020 06 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study was aiming to optimize excessive gum chewing as an experimental model to induce jaw muscle pain and fatigue similar to those in painful TMDs with durations that would allow immediate investigations of jaw-motor function. Further, if any sex differences would be detected in the expression of pain. METHODS: This randomized, double blinded study included 31 healthy participants of both sexes. A standardized chewing protocol of either 40- or 60-min of chewing was used with a wash-out period of 1 week. Subjective fatigue, pain characteristics and functional measures were assessed. For statistical analyses, Wilcoxon Signed Rank test, Mann-Whitney Rank Sum test and Friedman's ANOVA with Tukey post-hoc test were used. RESULTS: High subjective fatigue scores that lasted up to 20 min after the end of the trial were significantly induced both in the 40- and 60-min chewing trials (P <  0.001*). Significant but mild pain was induced only in the 60-min trial (P = 0.004*) and only in men (P = 0.04*). Also, the induced pain area was significantly bigger in the 60-min trial (P = 0.009*). However, this increase in pain and pain area did not last to the first 10-min follow-up. There were no significant differences neither between the 40- and 60-min chewing trials, except regarding the pain area (P = 0.008*), nor between the sexes. CONCLUSION: Taken together, excessive chewing in its current form does not seem to be a proper pain experimental model. The model needs further adjustments in order to mimic TMD-pain especially in women and to prolong the pain duration.


Assuntos
Dor Facial/etiologia , Mastigação , Fadiga Muscular , Adulto , Goma de Mascar , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medição da Dor
12.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3093, 2020 06 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606290

RESUMO

As European heatwaves become more severe, summers in the United Kingdom (UK) are also getting warmer. The UK record temperature of 38.7 °C set in Cambridge in July 2019 prompts the question of whether exceeding 40 °C is now within reach. Here, we show how human influence is increasing the likelihood of exceeding 30, 35 and 40 °C locally. We utilise observations to relate local to UK mean extremes and apply the resulting relationships to climate model data in a risk-based attribution methodology. We find that temperatures above 35 °C are becoming increasingly common in the southeast, while by 2100 many areas in the north are likely to exceed 30 °C at least once per decade. Summers which see days above 40 °C somewhere in the UK have a return time of 100-300 years at present, but, without mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, this can decrease to 3.5 years by 2100.

13.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 49(6): 522-528, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Music is used to evoke audio analgesia during dental procedures, but it is unknown if experimental pain and music interact. This study aimed to explore the multisensory interaction between contrasting types of music and experimentally induced muscle pain. METHODS: In 20 healthy women, 0.3 mL sterile hypertonic saline (5.8%) was injected into the masseter muscle during three sessions while contrasting music (classical and black metal) or no music was played in the background. Pain intensity was assessed every 15 seconds with a 0-100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS) until pain subsided. Pain spread (pain drawings), unpleasantness (VAS), anxiety (VAS), and pain quality (McGill Questionnaire) were assessed after the last pain assessment. RESULTS: Pain of high intensity was evoked at all sessions with a median (interquartile range) peak pain intensity of 78 (30) in the black metal music, 86 (39) in the classical music, and 77 (30) in the control session. The pain duration was 142 (150) seconds in the black metal music, 135 (150) seconds in the classical music, and 135 (172) seconds in the control session. The corresponding pain-drawing areas were 42 (52), 37 (36), and 44 (34), arbitrary units respectively. There were no differences in any of these variables (Friedman's test; P´s > .368), or in unpleasantness, anxiety, or pain quality between sessions (P´s > .095). CONCLUSIONS: Experimentally induced muscle pain does not seem to be influenced by contrasting types of background music. Further studies exploring the multisensory integration between music and experimental muscle pain are needed.


Assuntos
Música , Mialgia , Medição da Dor , Feminino , Humanos , Músculo Masseter , Escala Visual Analógica
14.
Front Neurol ; 11: 237, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32328025

RESUMO

Background: The specific serotonin type 3 (5-HT3)-receptor antagonist granisetron effectively reduces clinical as well as experimental muscle pain and hyperalgesia and with a duration that exceeds that of lidocaine. Hence, it may be an alternative to lidocaine as a local anesthetic. There are also some indications that granisetron in addition to 5-HT3 receptors blocks sodium channels. Thus, the local anesthetic effect by granisetron may resemble that of lidocaine, but this has not been tested. The aim of this study was therefore to compare the effect granisetron has on facial skin sensitivity to the effect of lidocaine and isotonic saline. Methods: This was a randomized, controlled, and double-blind study, in which 1 ml of either granisetron (test-substance), lidocaine (positive control), or isotonic saline (negative control) was injected into the skin over the masseter muscle at three different occasions in 18 healthy males (27.2 ± 5.8 years old). Skin detection thresholds and pain thresholds for thermal stimuli as well as mechanical detection thresholds and sensitivity to a painful mechanical (pinprick) stimulus were assessed before (baseline) and 5, 20, 40, and 60 min after injection. The quality and area of subjective sensory change over the cheek were assessed 20 min after injection. Results: All substances increased the mechanical detection threshold (granisetron: p = 0.011; lidocaine: p = 0.016; saline: p = 0.031). Both granisetron and lidocaine, but not isotonic saline, increased the heat detection thresholds (p < 0.001 and p < 0.02, respectively), but not the cold detection thresholds. Granisetron and lidocaine also reduced pinprick pain (p = 0.001 for each comparison). There were no significant differences between granisetron and lidocaine for any of these variables. There was no effect on thermal pain thresholds for any substance. Conclusion: The similar analgesic patterns on mechanical sensory and pain thresholds as well as thermal sensory thresholds over the facial skin by subcutaneous injection of granisetron and lidocaine shown in this study and the absence of paresthesia, in combination with the reduced pain intensity and pressure pain sensitivity shown in previous studies, indicate that granisetron might be a novel candidate as a local anesthetic.

15.
J Oral Rehabil ; 47(7): 910-922, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159870

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A network meta-analysis (NMA) of randomised clinical trials (RCTs) was performed aiming to compare the treatment outcome of dry needling, acupuncture or wet needling using different substances in managing myofascial pain of the masticatory muscles (TMD-M). METHOD: An electronic search was undertaken to identify RCTs published until September 2019, comparing dry needling, acupuncture or wet needling using local anaesthesia (LA), botulinum toxin-A (BTX-A), granisetron, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or passive placebo versus real active placebo in patients with TMD-M. RCTs meeting the inclusion criteria were stratified according to the follow-up time: immediate post-treatment to 3 weeks, and 1 to 6 months post-treatment. Outcome variables were post-treatment pain intensity, increased mouth opening (MMO) and pressure threshold pain (PPT). The quality of evidence was rated according to Cochrane's tool for assessing risk of bias. Mean difference (MD) was used to analysed via frequentist NMA using Stata software. RESULTS: Twenty-one RCTs involving 959 patients were included. The quality of evidence of the included studies was low or very low. There was significant pain decrease after PRP when compared to an active/passive placebo and acupuncture. There was a significant improvement of MMO after LA (MD = 3.65; CI: 1.18-6.1) and dry needling therapy (MD = 2.37; CI: 0.66-4) versus placebo. The three highest ranked treatments for short-term post-treatment pain reduction in TMD-M (1-20 days) were PRP (95.8%), followed by LA (62.5%) and dry needling (57.1%), whereas the three highest ranked treatments at intermediate-term follow-up (1-6 months) were LA (90.2%), dry needling (66.1%) and BTX-A (52.1%) (all very low-quality evidence). LA (96.4%) was the most effective treatment regarding the increase in MMO followed by dry needling (72.4%). CONCLUSION: Based on this NMA, one can conclude that the effectiveness of needling therapy did not depend on needling type (dry or wet) or needling substance. The outcome of this NMA suggests that LA, BTX-A, granisetron and PRP hold some promise as injection therapies, but no definite conclusions can be drawn due to the low quality of evidence of the included studies. This NMA did not provide enough support for any of the needling therapies for TMD-M.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial , Humanos , Músculos da Mastigação , Metanálise em Rede , Dor , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
16.
Front Physiol ; 10: 1369, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736787

RESUMO

Chronic pain in the orofacial region is common worldwide. Pain seems to affect the jaw motor control. Hence, temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are often accompanied by pain upon chewing, restricted mouth opening and impaired maximal bite forces. However, little is known on the effects of pain, in particular the effects of chronic jaw muscle pain on precision biting. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of chronic and acute jaw muscle pain on oral motor control during precision biting in humans. Eighteen patients with chronic masseter muscle pain and 18 healthy participants completed the experiment. All participants were examined according to the Diagnostic Criteria for TMD. Experimental acute pain was induced by bilateral, simultaneous sterile hypertonic saline infusions into the healthy masseter muscles. A standardized hold and split biting task was used to assess the precision biting. The data was analyzed with non-parametric statistical tests. The results showed no significant differences in the hold forces, split forces, durations of split or peak split rates within or between the pain and pain-free conditions. The mean split rate increased significantly compared to baseline values both in the chronic patients and the pain-free condition. However, this increase was not evident in the experimental acute pain condition. Further, there were no significant differences in the mean split rates between the conditions. The data suggest that jaw muscle pain does not seem to alter precision biting in humans, however, the possibility that a nociceptive modulation of spindle afferent activity might have occurred but compensated for cannot be ruled out.

17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15474, 2019 10 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664156

RESUMO

This study investigated if repeated buffered acidic saline infusions into the masseter muscles induced muscle pain and mechanical sensitization. Fourteen healthy men participated in this double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled study. Two repeated infusions (day 1 and 3) were given in the masseter muscles with either a buffered acidic saline solution (pH 5.2) or an isotonic saline solution (pH 6) as control. After 10 days of wash-out, the experiment was repeated with the other substance. Pressure pain thresholds (PPT), pain intensity, maximum unassisted mouth opening (MUO), and pain drawings were assessed before, directly following, and after each infusion at 5, 15, and 30 min and on day 4 and 7. Fatigue and pain intensity were assessed after a one-minute chewing test 30 min after infusions and day 4 and 7. Acidic saline induced higher pain intensity than control day 3 up to 5 min after infusions, but did not affect PPT. The chewing test did not evoke higher fatigue during chewing or MUO or after acidic saline infusion compared to control. Repeated acidic saline infusions in the masseter muscles induced a short-lasting muscle pain without mechanical hyperalgesia or functional pain. Hence, this model might not be superior to already existing experimental muscle pain models.


Assuntos
Músculo Masseter , Modelos Biológicos , Mialgia/prevenção & controle , Solução Salina/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Masculino , Mastigação , Placebos , Solução Salina/química
18.
J Oral Facial Pain Headache ; 33(1): 14­24, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30129938

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate whether static jaw clenching can activate endogenous pain modulation and to compare the magnitude between healthy individuals and patients with temporomandibular disorder (TMD) myalgia. METHODS: Thirty-three healthy volunteers (17 women and 16 men) and 20 women with TMD myalgia participated. Exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) was examined by recording pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in the masseter (MA) and brachioradialis (BR) muscles during tooth clenching until exhaustion. Pain and fatigue were assessed before and after clenching, and pain amplification was examined by applying a painful mechanical pressure at the MA for 2 minutes while assessing pain every 30 seconds. Analyses of data included repeated measures analysis of variance. RESULTS: In the contracting MA, PPTs increased over time in all three groups (P < .001), while PPTs in the relaxed BR increased only in the men (P = .045). Pain intensity and fatigue in the MA increased after contraction in all groups (P < .003) and was higher in the women with TMD than in the healthy women (P < .001). Only the women with TMD showed pain amplification (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Tooth clenching until exhaustion could activate EIH locally; ie, the magnitude of EIH in the MA was similar in women with TMD myalgia and pain-free women, indicating no deficient EIH in women with TMD. However, only women with TMD showed pain amplification during application of continuous painful pressure.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Masseter , Mialgia , Limiar da Dor
19.
J Oral Rehabil ; 46(3): 291-301, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30586192

RESUMO

AIMS: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in children/adolescents are very common. Yet, there is a lack of consensus regarding which clinical interventions are appropriate. The aim of this systematic review was to gather and assess the quality of the available literature on the prevalence and evidence-based treatment strategies in children and adolescents suffering from TMD. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted including articles from 1992 to 2016. A total of 2293 articles were found. Eight were included, six regarding prevalence and two regarding treatment. Simple or multiple conjunctions of different search words: "temporomandibular disorder", "temporomandibular joint disorder", "prevalence", "children" "adolescents", "occlusal appliance", "jaw exercise" and "relaxation" were used on the databases PubMed and Web of Science. Inclusion criteria were (a) scientific articles or randomised controlled clinical trials evaluating prevalence, choice of therapy and treatment outcome for children and/or adolescents with TMD published in Swedish or English and (b) a TMD diagnosis according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD or Diagnostic Criteria for TMD. RESULTS: Prevalence (ages 10-19 years) varied between 7.3 and 30.4%, and the most common diagnoses were myofascial pain and anterior disc displacement with reduction. Only two articles were found regarding treatment in adolescents (ages 12-18 years). The stabilising occlusal appliance had superior treatment outcome compared to relaxation therapy or brief information. CONCLUSION: The general absence of standardised studies concerning children/adolescents with TMD pain states the evident need for further systematic prevalence and treatment evaluations. Considering this, it is not possible to achieve any evidence-based treatment strategies or guidelines for children and adolescents with TMD.


Assuntos
Dor Facial/terapia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/terapia , Adolescente , Criança , Odontologia Baseada em Evidências , Dor Facial/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Medição da Dor/métodos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Prevalência , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Headache Pain ; 19(1): 88, 2018 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30242517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since children and adolescents are frequently experiencing emotional and behavioral consequences due to pain, their parents should be aware of this emotional and behavioral status. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze and describe the parents' reports of the emotional and behavioral status of children and adolescents with different types of temporomandibular disorders using the Child Behavior Checklist. METHODS: This Cross-sectional study comprises of 386 randomly selected children and adolescents that ages between 10 and 18 years in Jeddah. One day prior the clinical examination according to Research Diagnostic Criteria for temporomandibular disorders (TMD) Axis I and II, Arabic version of the Child Behavior Checklist scale was distributed to the parents of participant. According to the diagnosis, the participants were divided into three groups; non-TMD group, TMD-pain group, and TMD-painfree group. RESULTS: In regard to internalizing problems, the parents to the children and adolescents in the TMD-pain group rated a higher frequency of anxiety, depression and somatic complaints in their children than the parents of children in the non-TMD group (p < 0.05). Only one significant association regarding the externalizing problems was found for the aggressive behavior in the TMD-pain group. CONCLUSION: The parents rated that their children with TMD-pain suffer from emotional, somatic and aggressive behavior to a higher degree than healthy control subjects. Also, the parents believed that TMD-pain influenced their children's physical activities but not social activities.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Lista de Checagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Dor/psicologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dor/diagnóstico , Dor/epidemiologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia
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