Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 126
Filtrar
1.
J Surg Res ; 270: 444-454, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prospective trials comparing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for the treatment of multivessel coronary disease (MVCAD) have included mostly younger patients. We compared treatment strategies in the elderly population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a propensity-score-matched comparison of patients ≥75 y who underwent isolated CABG or PCI for MVCAD between 2011 and 2018, excluding those with prior cardiac surgery and/or significant left main disease. The primary outcome was 5-year Kaplan Meier survival, and secondary outcomes included readmissions and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE). RESULTS: Propensity-matching yielded 536 patients (266 PCI and 266 CABG). Rates of complete revascularization of all stenotic lesions were higher in the CABG arm (86.8% versus 21.8%; P < 0.001). Thirty-d mortality was similar between cohorts, though PCI recipients had shorter hospital stay and greater likelihood of discharge to home. Unadjusted one- (89.1% versus 88.4%) and 5-year (73.8% versus 60.1%) survival were both higher in patients who underwent CABG (P = 0.0332). Patients undergoing CABG had reduced, but nonsignificant cumulative incidence of all-cause hospital readmission and MACCE at 5 y. Subgroup analysis of patients 80 y or older revealed similar late survival benefit with CABG when compared to PCI. Among patients undergoing CABG, there did not appear to be any 5-year benefits from multi-arterial grafting. CONCLUSIONS: Despite longer hospitalization and higher rate of nonhome discharge, CABG was associated with improved late survival over PCI in the elderly population. Cardiac surgeons should be included in the multidisciplinary evaluation of older patients with MVCAD.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776246

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to determine the impact of reoperative aortic root replacement on short-term outcomes and survival. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of aortic root operations from 2010 to 2018. All patients with a complete aortic root replacement were included, and patients undergoing valve-sparing root replacements were excluded. Patients were dichotomized by first-time sternotomy versus redo sternotomy, which was defined as having had a prior sternotomy for whatever reason. Within the redo sternotomy group, reoperative aortic root replacements were identified, being defined as a complete aortic root replacement in patients with a prior aortic root replacement; 1:1 nearest neighbor propensity matching was used to compare outcomes across groups. Kaplan-Meier survival estimates were generated and compared using log-rank statistics. RESULTS: A total of 893 patients undergoing complete ARR were identified, of whom 595 (67%) underwent first-time sternotomy and 298 (33%) underwent redo sternotomy. After matching, postoperative outcomes were similar for the first-time and redo sternotomy groups, including operative mortality. Redo sternotomy was not associated with reduced survival after aortic root replacement compared with first-time sternotomy (P = .084), with 5-year survival of 73.7% for first-time sternotomy and 72.9% for redo sternotomy. In the redo sternotomy group (n = 298), 69 (23%) were reoperative aortic root replacements and 229 (77%) were first-time aortic root replacements. After matching, postoperative outcomes were similar for the first-time and reoperative aortic root replacement groups, including operative mortality. Reoperative aortic root replacement was not associated with reduced survival, compared with first-time aortic root replacement (P = .870), with 5-year survival of 67.9% for first-time aortic root replacement and 72.1% for reoperative aortic root replacement. CONCLUSIONS: Reoperative aortic root replacement can be performed safely and provides similar survival to first-time aortic root replacement.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520838

RESUMO

To determine the impact of aortic root replacement (ARR) with a stentless bioprosthetic valve on midterm outcomes compared to a stented bioprosthetic valve-graft conduit. This was an observational study of aortic root operations from 2010 to 2018. All patients with a complete ARR for nonendocarditis reasons were included, while patients undergoing valve-sparing root replacements or primary aortic valve replacement or repair were excluded. Of the patients with a complete ARR, bioprosthetic valve implants were included, while mechanical valve implants were excluded. Patients were dichotomized into the stented ARR group and the stentless ARR group. A total of 1:1 nearest neighbor propensity matching was employed to assess the association of stentless valves with short-term and midterm outcomes. A total of 455 patients underwent a complete ARR with a bioprosthetic valve implant for nonendocarditis reasons, of which 212 (46.6%) received a stented valve, while 243 (53.4%) received a stentless valve. After matching, postoperative outcomes were similar across each group (P > 0.05), including operative mortality and adverse neurologic events. Median follow-up for the entire cohort was 4.41 years (95% CI: 4.01, 4.95). At 1 year follow-up, aortic regurgitation ≥ 2+ and ejection fraction were similar across each group (P > 0.05); however, the stentless valve group had lower aortic valve velocity and transvalvular pressure gradient. Finally, reoperations and survival were similar for each group over the study's follow-up (P > 0.05). Stentless valves may provide hemodynamic benefits after ARR; however, the clinical impact of those benefits for survival and reoperation may not yet be evident in the midterm.

4.
9.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33971175

RESUMO

Available aortic prosthesis replacement options are challenged to achieve low perioperative morbidity, low pressure gradients, and prolonged durability. Trileaflet aortic valve reconstruction using autologous pericardium offers an alternative treatment option with excellent postoperative gradients, large effective orifice areas, and the avoidance of long-term anticoagulation. The modified Bentall procedure with either tissue xenograft valved conduit or mechanical valved conduit is considered the gold standard for patients with aortic root pathology requiring surgical replacement. We report a novel adaptation of the modified Bentall procedure with a self-fabricated valved conduit with trileaflet aortic valve neocuspidization using autologous pericardium. Currently available aortic prosthesis replacement options are challenged to achieve low perioperative morbidity, low pressure gradients, and prolonged durability. Trileaflet aortic valve reconstruction using autologous pericardium with the AVNeoTM system offers an alternative treatment option with excellent postoperative gradients, large effective orifice areas, and the avoidance of long-term anticoagulation1. Professor Ozaki reported excellent durability with over 95% of patients free from reoperation at 10-years1. The modified Bentall procedure with prosthesis valved conduit is considered the gold standard for patients with aortic root pathology requiring surgical replacement2. We report a novel adaptation of the modified Bentall procedure with a self-fabricated valved conduit with trileaflet aortic valve neocuspidization using autologous pericardium with the AVNeoTM system. Since the AVNeoTM template is a U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved device for treatment of aortic valve diseases1, institutional review board approval for this procedure was not necessary.

10.
JAMA Surg ; 156(8): 785-786, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825811
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33726913
14.
JAMA Surg ; 156(4): 380-386, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471058

RESUMO

The vast accomplishments of the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) during the past century have contributed to the advancement of medicine and benefited patients worldwide. This article highlights some of those accomplishments and the advantages in the VA system that promulgated those successes. Through its affiliation with medical schools, its formation of a structured research and development program, its Cooperative Studies Program, and its National Surgical Quality Improvement Program, the VA has led the world in the progress of health care. The exigencies of war led not only to the organization of VA health care but also to groundbreaking, landmark developments in colon surgery; surgical treatments for vascular disease, including vascular grafts, carotid surgery, and arteriovenous dialysis fistulas; cardiac surgery, including implantable cardiac pacemaker and coronary artery bypass surgery; and the surgical management of many conditions, such as hernias. The birth of successful liver transplantation was also seen within the VA, and countless other achievements have benefited patients around the globe. These successes have created an environment where residents and medical students are able to obtain superb education and postgraduate training and where faculty are able to develop their clinical and academic careers.

15.
J Card Surg ; 36(3): 981-989, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33491239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the impact of secondary functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and concomitant tricuspid valve repair (TVr) at the time of left-sided valve operations. METHODS: Adults undergoing left-sided valve operations between 2010 and 2019 at a multihospital academic institution were included. Patients were stratified into three groups: less-than-moderate TR without TVr (Group 1), moderate-or-greater TR without TVr (Group 2), and moderate-or-greater TR with TVr (Group 3). Primary outcomes included survival and hospital readmissions. Secondary outcomes included major postoperative morbidities. Multivariable logistic regression evaluated risk-adjusted mortality and readmission. RESULTS: About 3444 patients were included in the analysis and were stratified into Group 1 (n = 2612, 75.8%), Group 2 (n = 563, 16.3%), and Group 3 (n = 269, 7.8%). Patients with moderate or greater TR (Groups 2 and 3) had higher rates of mortality, hospital readmissions and major postoperative complications including reoperations, renal failure requiring dialysis, blood transfusions, and prolonged ventilation (all, p < .05). When assessed individually, the Group 3 had substantially higher rates of renal failure requiring dialysis, prolonged ventilation, and reoperations, although the Group 2 had higher rates of 30-day mortality (all, p < .05). These findings persisted in risk-adjusted analysis with the highest hazards for mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 1.9, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.7-2.2) and readmission (HR 1.3, 95% CI 1.2-1.5) appreciated in the Group 2. CONCLUSIONS: In this analysis of 3444 patients, those with moderate-to-severe TR who did not undergo a TVr at the time of their left-sided valve operation had substantially higher risks of mortality and hospital readmissions compared with those who did undergo TV surgery.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide , Adulto , Humanos , Diálise Renal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
16.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 112(2): 582-588, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33127404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated our institutional experience in forming a surgeon-based committee to discuss and provide consensus opinion on high-risk cardiac surgical cases. METHODS: The committee consisted of 4 surgeons with at least 1 senior surgeon at any given time with a rotating schedule. Patients with a Society of Thoracic Surgeons predicted risk of mortality above specified thresholds were mandated for referral to the committee in addition to patients referred at the discretion of the surgeon. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to model survival. RESULTS: A total of 110 consecutive patients were reviewed by the committee. The most common procedure types for referral were isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (47.3%; n = 52) and coronary artery bypass grafting with concomitant aortic valve replacement (19.1%; n = 21). The overall median Society of Thoracic Surgeons predicted risk of mortality for referred patients was 5.35% (interquartile range, 4.07%-7.89%). After group discussion, a total of 62 patients were recommended to proceed with surgery (56.4%). Reasons for declining surgery included consensus that an intervention was not indicated (39.6%; n = 19), that an alternative, nonsurgical procedure was recommended (29.2%; n = 14), that there was continued medical management and reevaluation (18.8%; n = 9), and that the patient was deemed at too high a risk for surgery (12.5%; n = 6). Operative mortality in patients proceeding with surgery was 4.6% (n = 2), with an observed-to-expected mortality of 0.86. The 6-month survival after surgery was 92.2%. CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of a surgeon-based committee to discuss high-risk cases provided a unified voice to referring physicians and facilitated consensus decision-making with acceptable clinical outcomes in a challenging patient cohort.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Competência Clínica , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Cirurgiões/normas , Idoso , Feminino , Cardiopatias/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
17.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 112(2): 481-486, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33275933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the impact of severe chronic lung disease on outcomes of index adult cardiac operations. METHODS: A single-center, retrospective study of adult patients with severe chronic lung disease (as defined by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons) undergoing index cardiac operations between 2010 and 2018 was performed. Multivariable Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analyses were used to evaluate survival. RESULTS: Three hundred fifty-four patients (median age, 69 years; 32.77% women) were identified. Current smokers comprised 42.66% of the population, and 34.65% of patients required home oxygen. Median preoperative forced expiratory volume in 1 second was 48% of predicted (interquartile range, 41%-56%), and median diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide was 78% of predicted (interquartile range, 55%-101%). Most patients underwent isolated coronary artery bypass (57.06%) or isolated aortic valve replacement (19.49%). Overall, 33 patients (9.07%) required a tracheostomy (median of 10 days from surgery) for a median of 49 days (interquartile range, 25-114) until decannulation. Preoperative home oxygen use was an independent predictor of 30-day (hazard ratio, 2.91; P = .030) and 1-year (hazard ratio, 2.12; P = .009) mortality. One-year and 5-year postoperative survival were 83.62% and 58.34%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Although severe chronic lung disease is a predictor of mortality and morbidity after index cardiac operations, only 9% of patients required a tracheostomy, and most were alive at 5 years after surgery. Home oxygen use may serve as a further stratification tool in this higher risk subset; however the presence of severe chronic lung disease alone should not deter from surgery in otherwise reasonable surgical candidates.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Cardiopatias/complicações , Pneumopatias/complicações , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Humanos , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Pneumopatias/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 111(2): 561-567, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32682753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social determinants of health, including neighborhood socioeconomic status (NSES), are increasingly being associated with disparate outcomes in those undergoing cardiac procedures. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of NSES on outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: Adults undergoing isolated CABG between July 2011 and December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Neighborhood median household income (NMI) and neighborhood high school graduation rate (NHS) were obtained by individual patient ZIP code from the American FactFinder Database. Primary outcome was 5-year all-cause mortality stratified by NMI quartile. Secondary end points included mortality risk by NHS, freedom and frequency of readmission, and mortality and readmission predictors. RESULTS: During the study period, 5243 patients underwent CABG. Increasing NMI quartile was associated with increasing age, male sex, white race, decreased diabetes prevalence, decreased active smoker status, and decreased lung disease (all P < .05). Although no difference in 30-day mortality was observed, lower NMI quartiles were associated with increased longitudinal mortality through 5 years (log-rank P < .01). Lower NMI quartile was associated with increased blood transfusions and sternal wound infections. Multivariable modeling demonstrated multiple complex associations between socioeconomic status variables (race, sex, age, NMI, and NHS) for mortality and readmission. CONCLUSIONS: NSES affects longer-term outcomes after CABG. Patient-focused NSES interventions and incorporation of NSES variables into prediction models may improve prediction and outcomes after CABG.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Readmissão do Paciente , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Renda , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Características de Residência , Classe Social
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33131886

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Academic productivity during cardiothoracic surgery residency training is an important program metric, but is highly variable due to multiple factors. This study evaluated the influence of implementing a protocol to increase resident physicians' academic productivity in cardiac surgery. METHODS: A comprehensive protocol for cardiac surgery was implemented at our institution that included active pairing of residents with academically productive faculty, regular research meetings, centralized data storage and analysis with a core team of biostatisticians, a formal peer-review protocol for analytic requests, and project prioritization and feedback. We compared cardiothoracic surgery residents' academic productivity before implementation (July 2015-June 2017) versus after implementation (July 2017-June 2019). Academic productivity was measured by peer-reviewed articles, abstract presentations (oral or poster) at national cardiothoracic surgery meetings, and textbook chapters. RESULTS: Thirty-four resident physicians (from traditional and integrated programs) trained at our institution during the study. A total of 122 peer-reviewed articles were produced over the course of the study: 74 (60.7%) cardiac- and 48 (39.3%) thoracic-focused. The number of cardiac-focused resident-produced articles increased from 10 preimplementation to 64 postimplementation (0.61 vs 2.03 articles per resident; P < .01). Abstract oral or poster presentations also increased, from 11 to 40 (0.61 vs 1.33 abstracts per resident; P = .01). Textbook chapters increased from 4 to 15 following the intervention (0.22 vs 0.5 chapters per resident; P = .01). CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of a dedicated protocol to facilitate faculty mentoring of resident research and streamline the data access, analysis, and publication process substantially improved cardiothoracic surgery residents' academic productivity.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...