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3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(5): 1293-1299, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35343157

RESUMO

This study established a method for rapid quantification of terpene lactone, bilobalide, ginkgolide C, ginkgolide A and ginkgolide B in the chromatographic process of Ginkgo Folium based on near infrared spectroscopy(NIRS). The effects of competitive adaptive reweighting sampling(CARS), random frog(RF), and synergy interval partial least squares(siPLS) on the performance of partial least squares regression(PLSR) model were compared to the reference values measured by HPLC. Among them, the correlation coefficients of prediction(Rp) of validation sets of terpene lactone, bilobalide, and ginkgolide C were all higher than 0.98, and the relative standard errors of prediction(RSEPs) were 5.87%, 6.90% and 6.63%, respectively. Aiming at ginkgolide A and ginkgolide B with relatively low content, the genetic algorithm joint extreme learning machine(GA-ELM) was used to establish the optimized quantitative analysis model. Compared with CARS-PLSR model, the CARS-GA-ELM models of ginkgolide A and ginkgolide B exhibited a reduction in RSEP from 15.65% to 8.52% and from 21.28% to 10.84%, respectively, which met the needs of quantitative ana-lysis. It has been proved that NIRS can be used for the rapid detection of various lactone components in the chromatographic process of Ginkgo Folium.


Assuntos
Ginkgo biloba , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Lactonas/análise , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/métodos
4.
Respir Res ; 23(1): 31, 2022 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35172835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Toll-interacting protein (Tollip) is one of the key negative regulators in host innate immunity. Genetic variation of Tollip has been associated with less Tollip expression and poor lung function in asthmatic patients, but little is known about the role of Tollip in human airway type 2 inflammatory response, a prominent feature in allergic asthma. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to determine the role and underlying mechanisms of Tollip in human airway epithelial responses such as eotaxin to type 2 cytokine IL-13. METHODS: Tollip deficient primary human airway epithelial cells from 4 healthy donors were generated by the gene knockdown approach and stimulated with IL-13 to measure activation of transcription factor STAT3, and eotaxin-3, an eosinophilic chemokine. RESULTS: Following IL-13 treatment, Tollip deficient cells had significantly higher levels of STAT3 activation and eotaxin-3 than the scrambled control counterpart, which was reduced by a STAT3 inhibitor. Interaction between Tollip and STAT3 proteins was identified by co-immunoprecipitation. CONCLUSION: Our results, for the first time, suggest that Tollip inhibits excessive eotaxin-3 induction by IL-13, in part through the interaction and inhibition of STAT3. These findings lend evidence to the potential of a STAT3 inhibitor as a therapeutic target, especially for type 2 inflammation-high asthmatics with Tollip deficiency.


Assuntos
Asma/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Imunidade Inata , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Mucosa Respiratória/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Asma/imunologia , Asma/patologia , Células Cultivadas , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Respiratória/imunologia , Mucosa Respiratória/patologia
5.
J Clin Invest ; 132(4)2022 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35025767

RESUMO

Women have higher prevalence of asthma compared with men. In asthma, allergic airway inflammation is initiated by IL-33 signaling through ST2, leading to increased IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 production and eosinophil infiltration. Foxp3+ Tregs suppress and ST2+ Tregs promote allergic airway inflammation. Clinical studies showed that the androgen dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) reduced asthma symptoms in patients, and mouse studies showed that androgen receptor (AR) signaling decreased allergic airway inflammation. Yet the impact of AR signaling on lung Tregs remains unclear. Using AR-deficient and Foxp3 fate-mapping mice, we determined that AR signaling increased Treg suppression during Alternaria extract (Alt Ext; allergen) challenge by stabilizing Foxp3+ Tregs and limiting the number of ST2+ ex-Tregs and IL-13+ Th2 cells and ex-Tregs. AR signaling also decreased Alt Ext-induced ST2+ Tregs in mice by limiting expression of Gata2, a transcription factor for ST2, and by decreasing Alt Ext-induced IL-33 production from murine airway epithelial cells. We confirmed our findings in human cells where 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT), an androgen, decreased IL-33-induced ST2 expression in lung Tregs and decreased Alt Ext-induced IL-33 secretion in human bronchial epithelial cells. Our findings showed that AR signaling stabilized Treg suppressive function, providing a mechanism for the sex difference in asthma.


Assuntos
Asma/imunologia , Receptores Androgênicos/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Animais , Asma/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Transgênicos , Receptores Androgênicos/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética
6.
Environ Health Perspect ; 130(1): 17010, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35072516

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to wood smoke (WS) increases the risk for chronic bronchitis more than exposure to cigarette smoke (CS), but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. OBJECTIVE: The effect of WS and CS on mucous cell hyperplasia in mice and in human primary airway epithelial cells (AECs) was compared with replicate the findings in human cohorts. Responsible WS constituents were identified to better delineate the pathway involved, and the role of a tumor protein p53 (Tp53) gene polymorphism was investigated. METHODS: Mice and primary human AECs were exposed to WS or CS and the signaling receptor and pathway were identified using short hairpin structures, small molecule inhibitors, and Western analyses. Mass spectrometric analysis was used to identify active WS constituents. The role of a gene variant in Tp53 that modifies proline to arginine was examined using nasal brushings from study participants in the Lovelace Smokers Cohort, primary human AECs, and mice with a modified Tp53 gene. RESULTS: WS at 25-fold lower concentration than CS increased mucin expression more efficiently in mice and in human AECs in a p53 pathway-dependent manner. Study participants who were homozygous for p53 arginine compared with the proline variant showed higher mucin 5AC (MUC5AC) mRNA levels in nasal brushings if they reported WS exposure. The WS constituent, oxalate, increased MUC5AC levels similar to the whole WS extract, especially in primary human AECs homozygous for p53 arginine, and in mice with a modified Tp53 gene. Further, the anion exchange protein, SLC26A9, when reduced, enhanced WS- and oxalate-induced mucin expression. DISCUSSION: The potency of WS compared with CS in inducing mucin expression may explain the increased risk for chronic bronchitis in participants exposed to WS. Identification of the responsible compounds could help estimate the risk of pollutants in causing chronic bronchitis in susceptible individuals and provide strategies to improve management of lung diseases. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP9446.


Assuntos
Pulmão , Fumaça , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53 , Animais , Antiporters/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Camundongos , Fumaça/efeitos adversos , Transportadores de Sulfato/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Madeira
7.
Small ; 18(1): e2105684, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741404

RESUMO

To develop methods to generate, manipulate, and detect plasmonic signals by electrical means with complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS)-compatible materials is essential to realize on-chip electronic-plasmonic transduction. Here, electrically driven, CMOS-compatible electronic-plasmonic transducers with Al-AlOX -Cu tunnel junctions as the excitation source of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) and Si-Cu Schottky diodes as the detector of SPPs, connected via plasmonic strip waveguides of Cu, are demonstrated. Remarkably, the electronic-plasmonic transducers exhibit overall transduction efficiency of 1.85 ± 0.03%, five times higher than previously reported transducers with two tunnel junctions (metal-insulator-metal (MIM)-MIM transducers) where SPPs are detected based on optical rectification. The result establishes a new platform to convert electronic signals to plasmonic signals via electrical means, paving the way toward CMOS-compatible plasmonic components.

8.
Am J Med Sci ; 363(2): 174-184, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the current study was to describe the clinico-pathological characteristics and outcomes in patients with lupus nephritis with IgA deposits in the kidneys. METHODS: A total of 258 patients with lupus nephritis with complete clinical data and follow-up was enrolled. They were divided into two groups: the IgA deposits group and the non-IgA deposits group. Their clinico-pathological features and outcomes between the two groups were further compared. RESULTS: Patients with IgA deposits had significantly lower prevalence of acute kidney failure, higher eGFR, lower plasma levels of C3a, and lower renal pathological chronicity indices scores than those with non-IgA deposits (19.4% vs. 31.8%, 86.2 [52.8, 110.7] vs. 77.6 [32.2, 101.7] ml/min/1.73m2, 1045.48 [559.41, 1796.34] vs. 1920.77 [1155.08, 2986.96]ng/ml, and 2 [1, 3] vs. 2.5 [2, 4], respectively, all P < 0.05). Patients with IgA deposits also had a higher frequency of the CFH rs6677604-AA/GA genotype in comparison with those with non-IgA deposits (12.0% vs. 8.2%, P = 0.469). Using the multivariable Cox hazard analysis, the IgA deposits were identified as a protective factor of survival from the composite events (HR 0.423; 95% CI, 0.219 to 0.816; P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with IgA deposits presented with milder renal damage and a good prognosis, which suggested its protective role in lupus nephritis.


Assuntos
Nefrite Lúpica , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina A , Rim/patologia , Nefrite Lúpica/complicações , Nefrite Lúpica/epidemiologia , Masculino
10.
J Hypertens ; 40(1): 180-188, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433762

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Studies in the general population suggest that central blood pressure (BP) may be superior to peripheral BP in risk assessment. Although ambulatory brachial BP is recognized as the most reliable BP measurement in the dialysis population, there is no comparison of office central BP with ambulatory BP regarding risk stratification in these patients. METHODS: In a multicenter prospective study of dialysis patients, central BP was measured noninvasively on a midweek nondialysis day, with interdialytic ambulatory BP and predialysis BP also collected. The primary outcomes were a composite of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and all-cause mortality. Agreement between central and ambulatory BP was assessed using Cohen's Kappa index and Bland--Altman plot. Linear and nonlinear Cox regression models were used to determine the association of BP parameters with outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 368 patients were recruited and 366 underwent central BP measurement. Central BP had a moderate agreement with ambulatory BP in defining hypertension (κ = 0.42) with wide limits of agreement in Bland--Altman analysis. After a median follow-up of 51.5 months, central pulse pressure, ambulatory SBP and ambulatory pulse pressure were associated with all-cause mortality, whereas all BP parameters, except for predialysis DBP, were significant predictors of MACE. However, whenever evaluated in a stepwise variable selection Cox model, only ambulatory pulse pressure, but not any central BP, was determined as the best candidate for prediction of both all-cause mortality and MACE. Nonlinear Cox models revealed no significant nonlinear trend of the association between central BP and outcomes. CONCLUSION: Central BP is predictive of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in dialysis patients but its prognostic value does not outperform ambulatory peripheral BP. Our data support the superiority of ambulatory BP in the dialysis population.


Assuntos
Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Hipertensão , Pressão Sanguínea , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Diálise Renal
12.
Light Sci Appl ; 10(1): 230, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750346

RESUMO

Inelastic quantum mechanical tunneling of electrons across plasmonic tunnel junctions can lead to surface plasmon polariton (SPP) and photon emission. So far, the optical properties of such junctions have been controlled by changing the shape, or the type of the material, of the electrodes, primarily with the aim to improve SPP or photon emission efficiencies. Here we show that by tuning the tunneling barrier itself, the efficiency of the inelastic tunneling rates can be improved by a factor of 3. We exploit the anisotropic nature of hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) as the tunneling barrier material in Au//hBN//graphene tunnel junctions where the Au electrode also serves as a plasmonic strip waveguide. As this junction constitutes an optically transparent hBN-graphene heterostructure on a glass substrate, it forms an open plasmonic system where the SPPs are directly coupled to the dedicated strip waveguide and photons outcouple to the far field. We experimentally and analytically show that the photon emission rate per tunneling electron is significantly improved (~ ×3) in Au//hBN//graphene tunnel junction due to the enhancement in the local density of optical states (LDOS) arising from the hBN anisotropy. With the dedicated strip waveguide, SPP outcoupling efficiency is quantified and is found to be ∼ 80% stronger than the radiative outcoupling in Au//hBN//graphene due to the high LDOS of the SPP decay channel associated with the inelastic tunneling. The new insights elucidated here deepen our understanding of plasmonic tunnel junctions beyond the isotropic models with enhanced LDOS.

13.
BMC Neurol ; 21(1): 432, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740330

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the sensitivity of median and ulnar nerve sensory latency differences in diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) at different severities. METHODS: CTS patients were divided into three groups based on disease severity (mild, moderate, and severe). Distal latency of sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) for the median and ulnar nerves was recorded. The sensitivity of SNAP distal latency to CTS and its correlation with CTS severity were analyzed. RESULTS: Significant differences were found in the median nerve sensory action potential distal latency (MSDL) and in the median and ulnar sensory latency difference to ring finger (MUD) but not in the ulnar nerve sensory action potential distal latency (USDL) between CTS and control. The sensitivity and specificity were 92.2 and 99.4% with an MSDL cutoff value of 2.40 ms, respectively, and were both 100% with a MUD cutoff value of 0.33 ms. There was no significant difference in USDL among the CTS and control groups. Significant differences were found in MSDL and MUD among the CTS severities and between mild and moderate CTS, but not between mild and severe CTS or between moderate and severe CTS. Correlations with CTS severity were observed for MSDL and MUD but not for USDL. CONCLUSION: The ulnar nerve of the CTS patients was not damaged. A smaller MSDL reflected median nerve damage, which can be used for the early diagnosis of CTS. MUD correlated with CTS severity with a higher sensitivity than MSDL, which can provide therapeutic insight without pain to patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/terapia , Dedos , Humanos , Nervo Mediano , Condução Nervosa , Nervo Ulnar
14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 22612, 2021 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799671

RESUMO

This paper proposes an investigating SARS-CoV-2 inactivation on surfaces with UV-C LED irradiation using our in-house-developed ray-tracing simulator. The results are benchmarked with experiments and Zemax OpticStudio commercial software simulation to demonstrate our simulator's easy accessibility and high reliability. The tool can input the radiant profile of the flexible LED source and accurately yield the irradiance distribution emitted from an LED-based system in 3D environments. The UV-C operating space can be divided into the safe, buffer, and germicidal zones for setting up a UV-C LED system. Based on the published measurement data, the level of SARS-CoV-2 inactivation has been defined as a function of UV-C irradiation. A realistic case of public space, i.e., a food court in Singapore, has been numerically investigated to demonstrate the relative impact of environmental UV-C attenuation on the SARS-CoV-2 inactivation. We optimise a specific UV-C LED germicidal system and its corresponding exposure time according to the simulation results. These ray-tracing-based simulations provide a useful guideline for safe deployment and efficient design for germicidal UV-C LED technology.


Assuntos
SARS-CoV-2/efeitos da radiação , Raios Ultravioleta , Inativação de Vírus/efeitos da radiação , Simulação por Computador , Desinfecção/instrumentação , Imageamento Tridimensional , Singapura , Esterilização/instrumentação
15.
Chem Res Toxicol ; 34(12): 2408-2423, 2021 12 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808040

RESUMO

Approximately 3 million United States military personnel and contractors were deployed to Southwest Asia and Afghanistan over the past two decades. After returning to the United States, many developed persistent respiratory symptoms, including those due to asthma, rhinosinusitis, bronchiolitis, and others, which we collectively refer to as deployment-related lung diseases (DRLD). The mechanisms of different DRLD have not been well defined. Limited studies from us and others suggest that multiple factors and biological signaling pathways contribute to the onset of DRLD. These include, but are not limited to, exposures to high levels of particulate matter (PM) from sandstorms, burn pit combustion products, improvised explosive devices, and diesel exhaust particles. Once inhaled, these hazardous substances can activate lung immune and structural cells to initiate numerous cell-signaling pathways such as oxidative stress, Toll-like receptors, and cytokine-driven cell injury (e.g., interleukin-33). These biological events may lead to a pro-inflammatory response and airway hyperresponsiveness. Additionally, exposures to PM and other environmental hazards may predispose military personnel and contractors to more severe disease due to the interactions of those hazardous materials with subsequent exposures to allergens and cigarette smoke. Understanding how airborne exposures during deployment contribute to DRLD may identify effective targets to alleviate respiratory diseases and improve quality of life in veterans and active duty military personnel.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias/induzido quimicamente , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Afeganistão , Humanos , Iraque , Militares
16.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 479, 2021 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In 2016, the government of Bao'an District, Shenzhen, China launched a free medication program for all non-registered permanent residents with severe mental disorders (SMD) within its jurisdiction, in efforts to reduce the relapse caused by intermittent medication or non-medication. Participation in the program has not been analyzed since its inauguration. This study aimed to evaluate the participation of non-registered permanent residents with SMD in the program from 2016 to 2020 and to explore its influencing factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of 3760 non-registered permanent residents with SMD in Bao'an District, Shenzhen, China (response rate: 78.64%). Data have been obtained from two sources: the Shenzhen Information System for Psychosis in 2020 and the free medication program's management files from 2016 to 2020. We employ descriptive statistics to analyze the participation rate of the free medication program among non-registered permanent patients. Logistic regression analysis is used to explore the factors affecting the patients' participation in the program. RESULTS: The participation rate of the free medication program among non-registered permanent patients has shown an upward trend, rising from 28.83% in 2016 to 58.32% in 2020. High participation rates have been registered among the following patient subgroups: those aged between 30 and 39 (63.11%), those with high school/technical secondary school (62.33%), those from rural areas (61.62%), those living in poverty (67.79%), those suffering schizoaffective disorder (72.26%), those having SMD for less than 5 years (59.89%), and those with family history of mental illness (71.23%).Logistics regression analysis shows that age, patient-guardian relationship, place of residence, financial condition, types of disease, duration of illness and family history are the main factors affecting the patients' decision to participate in the free medication program. CONCLUSION: The steadily increasing participation rate of the free medication program indicates that the program has been gradually accepted and recognized by non-registered permanent residents with SMD. However, nearly half of the patients have yet to join the program. To further raise the participation rate, special attention should be given to patients who are financially secure, aged below 20, without guardians, intellectually disabled or suffering SMD for over 5 years.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9591177, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671680

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to probe into the changes and clinical significance of GRP78 and miR-495-3p in renal failure (RF) patients during high-flux dialysis (HFD) combined with hemoperfusion (HP). METHODS: Sixty-five RF patients and 74 health check-ups who were admitted in our hospital from March 2015 to February 2017 were prospectively selected, and the related characteristics were retrospectively collected for analysis. GRP78 and miR-495-3p were detected in RF patients at admission (before treatment), 12 weeks after treatment (during treatment), 24 weeks after treatment (after treatment), and the control group at admission, and the relationship between the two and the occurrence, efficacy, and recurrence of RF was analyzed. RESULTS: Before treatment, the GRP78 mRNA level in RF patients was higher than that in health check-ups, while the miR-495-3p level was lower (P < 0.05). GRP78 mRNA in RF patients was lower than that before treatment and was the lowest after treatment. On the contrary, miR-495-3p was higher than that before treatment and was the highest after treatment (P < 0.05). The two had a significant effect on predicting RF before treatment, efficacy of patients, and their recurrence after treatment (all P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: GRP78 decreased during the treatment of high-flux hemodialysis (HF-HD) combined with systemic HP in RF patients, while miR-495-3p increased. Both of them have a good reference value for RF occurrence, treatment results, and recurrence.


Assuntos
/sangue , Hemoperfusão/métodos , MicroRNAs/sangue , Diálise Renal/métodos , Insuficiência Renal/patologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Insuficiência Renal/sangue , Insuficiência Renal/genética , Insuficiência Renal/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Anal Chem ; 93(45): 15115-15123, 2021 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34714618

RESUMO

Designing new catalysts with high activity and stability is crucial for the effective analysis of environmental pollutants under mild conditions. Here, we developed a superior catalyst of Pt single atoms anchored on MoS2 (Pt1/MoS2) to catalyze the determination of As(III). A detection sensitivity of 3.31 µA ppb-1 was obtained in acetate buffer solution at pH 6.0, which is the highest compared with those obtained by other Pt-based nanomaterials currently reported. Pt1/MoS2 exhibited excellent electrochemical stability during the detection process of As(III), even in the coexistence of Cu(II), Pb(II), and Hg(II). X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy and theoretical calculations revealed that Pt single atoms were stably fixed by four S atoms and activated the adjacent S atoms. Then, Pt and S atoms synergistically interacted with O and As atoms, respectively, and transferred some electrons to H3AsO3, which change the rate-determining step of H3AsO3 reduction and reduce reaction energy barriers, thereby promoting rapid and efficient accumulation for As(0). Compared with Pt nanoparticles, the weaker interaction between arsenic species and Pt1/MoS2 enabled the effortless regeneration and cyclic utilization of active centers, which is more favorable for the oxidation of As(0). This work provides inspiration for developing highly efficient sensing platforms from the perspective of atomic-level catalysis and affords references to explore the detection mechanism of such contaminants.


Assuntos
Arsenicais , Nanoestruturas , Arsenicais/química , Catálise , Molibdênio , Oxirredução , Platina
19.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 20: 15330338211045510, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617858

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the expression and cellular function of the centromeric family of proteins (CENPs), especially centromere protein I (CENP-I), in gastric cancer (GC) and identified its clinical significance and cellular functions. CENP-I expression in GC was studied by cDNA microarray, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and immunohistochemistry (IHC), and using datasets from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), UALCAN, and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. Microarray and bioinformatic analyses identified upregulated CENP-A/E/F/H/I/K/P/W and HJURP in stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD), but not in signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC). Significantly higher CENP-I mRNA expression was also confirmed in 40 pairs of GC tissues than in paired normal gastric tissues by qRT-PCR (P<.001). IHC showed that elevated CENP-I expression was associated with higher tumor stage, lymph node invasion, increased HER2-positive rate (36.7% vs 10.0%), and intestinal Lauren classification in 69 GC samples compared to paired paracancerous normal tissues. The survival of the high-CENP-I group members was poor compared with that of the low-CENP-I group (P = .0011). Cox univariate regression analysis identified tumor size (P = .008), HER2 status (P = .027), and CENP-I expression (P = .049) were independent prognostic factors of GC. The cellular function of CENP-I was studied in MKN45 and MKN28 GC cell lines in vitro. Cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis were determined using CCK-8, transwell assay, TUNEL assay, and flow cytometry. Our results showed that CENP-I promoted GC cell proliferation, inhibited apoptosis, facilitated cell migration, and induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), possibly by activating the AKT pathway. CENP-I expression was correlated with genetic signatures of the proliferative subtype of GC, characterized by intestinal Lauren classification, HER2 amplification, and TP53 mutation. In conclusion, this study revealed an elevated CENP-I expression in GC, which was associated with malignant features and poor prognosis of GC patients, and identified its function in modulating cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
20.
Anal Chem ; 93(41): 14014-14023, 2021 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607426

RESUMO

An atomic-level Au nanocluster, as an excellent photocatalyst, is generally not considered as an efficient electrocatalyst due to its poor stability. Herein, a method is proposed to stabilize abundant Au25 on Fe2O3 nanoplates (Au25/OV-Fe2O3) successfully with oxygen vacancies (OV) created. Au25/OV-Fe2O3 shows superhigh catalysis in the electrochemical reduction toward As(III). The record-breaking sensitivity (161.42 µA ppb-1) is two orders of magnitude higher than currently reported, where an ultratrace limit of detection (9 ppt) is obtained, suggesting promising applications in the analysis of organic and bioactive substances. The stability of Au25 is attributed to the Au-Fe bond formed after loading Au25 nanoclusters on Fe2O3 nanoplates through "electron compensation" and bond length (Au-S) shortening. Moreover, the ligand S atoms in Au25 nanoclusters significantly contribute to the reduction of As(III). The fantastic stability and superior catalytic ability of Au25/OV-Fe2O3 provide guidelines to stabilize Au nanoclusters on metal oxides, indicating their potential electroanalytical applications.


Assuntos
Ouro , Oxigênio , Catálise , Ligantes
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