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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 1163-1169, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487935

RESUMO

Mn-doped perovskite nanocrystals have promised new optoelectronic applications due to their unique material properties. In the present study, Mn-doped perovskite nanocrystalline films were prepared in situ in a polymer matrix. The Mn-doped perovskite nanocrystals (PNCs) had good crystallinity and uniform size/spatial distributions in the polymer film. Bright dual-color emission and the long lifetime of the excited state of the dopant were observed from the host exciton and the Mn2+ dopant, respectively. Furthermore, magnetism was observed in the optimal Mn2+ concentration, implying that magnetic coupling was achieved in the Mn-doped perovskite lattice. The Mn-doped perovskite films also showed superior stability against moisture. To demonstrate the practicality of this composite film, a white light emitting device was fabricated by combining a single composite film with a blue light emitting diode; the device showed a high-quality white light emission, and the Commission Internationale De L'Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity coordinate of the white light emitting diode (WLED) (0.361, 0.326) was close to the optimal white color index. In this single-layer WLED, self-absorption among the luminous multilayers in traditional white light emitting diodes can be avoided. The study findings revealed that Mn-doped perovskite nanocrystalline films have many exciting properties, which bodes well for the fundamental study and design of high-performance optoelectronic devices.

2.
Biomater Sci ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727152

RESUMO

The response of immune systems is crucial to the success of biomedical implants in vivo and in particular, orthopedic implants must possess appropriate immunomodulatory functions to allow sufficient osteointegration. In this work, lithium (Li) is incorporated into titanium (Ti) implants by plasma electrolytic oxidation to realize slow and sustained release of Li ions. In vitro cellular behaviors of mice bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDMs), including gene expression, cytokine secretion, and surface marker analysis suggest that a low dose of Li incorporation could enhance the recruitment of BMDMs, restrict pro-inflammatory polarization (M1 phenotype), and promote anti-inflammatory polarization (M2 phenotype). The in vivo air pouch implantation model is constructed to simulate the microenvironment associated with aseptic loosening and the histology results confirm that a small dose of Li could relieve inflammatory reactions surrounding the implants. Moreover, compared to the Li-free group, the macrophage-conditioned culture medium (MCM) from Li-doped samples is more beneficial for the osteogenic differentiation of the mouse embryo cell line (C3H10T1/2) and angiogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), which is further confirmed by better osteointegration ability in the bone implantation model of Li-incorporating Ti implants. Furthermore, the molecular mechanism study discloses that osteoimmunomodulatory activity of Li-incorporating Ti implants is achieved by regulating the cascade molecules in the PI3K/AKT signalling pathway. This work reveals that favorable immune-modulated osteogenesis and osseointegration of bone implants can be realized by the incorporation of Li which broadens the strategy to develop the next generation of immunomodulatory biomaterials.

3.
Nanoscale ; 13(43): 18084-18088, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730160

RESUMO

This communication describes a novel water-soluble membrane prepared from chitosan intended for SARS-CoV-2 viral nucleic acid collection and detection. The CSH membrane formed from nanofibers shows promising potential in the quantitative determination of the SARS-CoV-2 viral nucleic acids at a concentration of 102 copies per L in air. The sponge-like structure which allows gas to pass through for collection of viral nucleic acids potentially provides simple, fast, and reliable sampling as well as detection of various types of airborne viruses.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ácidos Nucleicos , Humanos , RNA Viral , SARS-CoV-2 , Manejo de Espécimes , Água
4.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34685178

RESUMO

MXenes are a new class of two-dimensional (2D) materials with promising applications in many fields because of their layered structure and unique performance. In particular, the physical barrier properties of two-dimensional nanosheets make them suitable as barriers against hydrogen. Herein, MXene coatings were prepared on pipe steel by a simple spin-coating process with a colloidal suspension. The hydrogen resistance was evaluated by electrochemical hydrogen permeation tests and slow strain rate tests, and the corrosion resistance was assessed by potentiodynamic polarization. The results reveal that MXene coatings offer excellent hydrogen resistance and corrosion protection by forming a barrier against diffusion. Experimentally, the hydrogen permeability of the MXene coating is one third of the substrate, and the diffusion coefficient decreases as well. The mechanistic study indicates that the hydrogen resistance of the MXene coatings is affected by the number of spin-coated layers, while the concentration of the d-MXene colloidal suspension determines the thickness of a single coating. However, damage to the sample surface caused by the colloidal suspension that contains H+ and F- may limit the improvement of the hydrogen resistance. This paper reveals a new application of 2D MXene materials as a novel efficient barrier against hydrogen permeation and the subsequent alleviation of hydrogen embrittlement in the steel substrate.

5.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34704438

RESUMO

Implant-related infections are serious complications after bone surgery and can compromise the intended functions of artificial implants, leading to surgical failure and even amputation in severe cases. Various strategies have been proposed to endow bone implants with the desirable antibacterial properties, but unfortunately, most of them inevitably suffer from some side effects detrimental to normal tissues. In this study, a multifunctional bone implant is designed to work in conjunction with sequential photothermal mediation, which can deliver antibacterial therapy (<50 °C) in the early stage and foster bone regeneration (40-42 °C) subsequently. Black phosphorus nanosheets (BPs) are coordinated with zinc sulfonate ligand (ZnL2), and the ZnL2-BPs are integrated into the surface of a hydroxylapatite (HA) scaffold to produce ZnL2-BPs@HAP. In this design, BPs produce the photothermal effects and ZnL2 increases the thermal sensitivity of peri-implant bacteria by inducing envelope stress. The biosafety of the antibacterial photothermal treatment is improved due to the mild temperature, and furthermore, gradual release of Zn2+ and PO43- from the scaffold facilitates osteogenesis in the subsequent stage of bone healing. This strategy not only broadens the biomedical applications of photothermal treatment but also provides insights into the design of multifunctional biomaterials in other fields.

6.
Biology (Basel) ; 10(10)2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34681136

RESUMO

A carrier-free CRISPR/Cas9 ribonucleoprotein delivery strategy for genome editing mediated by a cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) is described. The CAP is promising in many biomedical applications due to efficient production of bioactive ionized species. The MCF-7 cancer cells after CAP exposure exhibit increased extracellular reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) and altered membrane potential and permeability. Hence, transmembrane transport of Ca2+ into the cells increases and accelerates ATP hydrolysis, resulting in enhanced ATP-dependent endocytosis. Afterwards, the increased Ca2+ and ATP contents promote the release of cargo into cytoplasm due to the enhanced endosomal escape. The increased membrane permeability also facilitates passive diffusion of foreign species across the membrane into the cytosol. After CAP exposure, the MCF-7 cells incubated with Cas9 ribonucleoprotein (Cas9-sgRNA complex, Cas9sg) with a size of about 15 nm show 88.9% uptake efficiency and 65.9% nuclear import efficiency via passive diffusion and ATP-dependent endocytosis pathways. The efficient transportation of active Cas9sg after the CAP treatment leads to 21.7% and 30.2% indel efficiencies in HEK293T and MCF-7 cells, respectively. This CAP-mediated transportation process provides a simple and robust alternative for the delivery of active CRISPR/Cas9 ribonucleoprotein. Additionally, the technique can be extended to other macro-biomolecules and nanomaterials to cater to different biomedical applications.

7.
J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis ; 38(10): 1438-1442, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612973

RESUMO

A photonic quasi-crystal fiber (PQF) methane sensor based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is designed and described. The double-side polished six-fold photonic quasi-crystal fiber coated with a silver film produces enhanced SPR effects and sensitivity. A nanostructured thin film with cryptophane-E-doped polysiloxane is deposited on silver as the methane-sensitive surface layer and to mitigate oxidation of silver. The sensor is analyzed and optimized numerically by the full-vector finite element method. For methane concentrations in the range of 0% to 3.5%, the maximum sensitivity of the sensor is 8 nm/%, and the average sensitivity is 6.643 nm/%. Compared to traditional gas sensors, this sensor provides accurate sensing of methane besides offering advantages such as the low cost, miniaturized size, online monitoring, and immunity to electromagnetic field interference.

8.
Appl Opt ; 60(28): 8737-8743, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613099

RESUMO

Manipulating the light scattering direction and enhancing directivity are important research areas in integrated nanophotonic devices. Herein, a novel, to the best of our knowledge, nanoantenna composed of hollow silicon nanoblocks is designed to allow directional emission manipulation. In this device, forward scattering is enhanced and backward scattering is restrained substantially in the visible region. Owing to electric dipole resonance and magnetic dipole resonance in this nanoantenna, Kerker's type conditions are satisfied, and the directionality of forward scattering GFB reaches 44.6 dB, indicating good characteristics in manipulating the light scattering direction.

9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(43): 50988-50995, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689562

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors are promising photocatalysts; in order to overcome the relatively low efficiency of single-component 2D photocatalysts, heterostructures are fabricated for effective charge separation. Herein, a 2D heterostructure is synthesized by anchoring nickel nanoparticle-decorated black phosphorus (BP) nanosheets to graphitic carbon nitride (CN) nanosheets (CN/BP@Ni). The CN/BP@Ni heterostructure exhibits an enhanced charge separation due to the tight interfacial interaction and the cascaded electron-transfer channel from CN to BP and then to Ni nanoparticles. Possessing abundant active sites of Ni and P-N coordinate bonds, CN/BP@Ni shows a high visible-light-driven H2 evolution rate of 8.59 mmol·h-1·g-1 with the sacrificial agent EtOH, about 10-fold to that of CN/BP. When applying benzyl alcohol to consume photogenerated holes, CN/BP@Ni enables the selective production of benzaldehyde; therefore, two value-added products are obtained in a single closed redox cycle. This work provides new insights into the development of photocatalysts without non-noble metals.

10.
Innovation (N Y) ; 2(3): 100148, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557785

RESUMO

The immune responses are involved in every stage after implantation but the reported immune-regulated materials only work at the beginning without fully considering the different phases of bone healing. Here, poly(aryl-ether-ether-ketone) (PEEK) is coated with a programmed surface, which rapidly releases interleukin-10 (IL-10) in the first week and slowly delivers dexamethasone (DEX) up to 4 weeks. Owing to the synergistic effects of IL-10 and DEX, an aptly weak inflammation is triggered within the first week, followed by significant M2 polarization of macrophages and upregulation of the autophagy-related factors. The suitable immunomodulatory activities pave the way for osteogenesis and the steady release of DEX facilitates bone regeneration thereafter. The sequential immune-mediated process is also validated by an 8-week implementation on a rat model. This is the first attempt to construct implants by taking advantage of both immune-mediated modulation and sequential regulation spanning all bone regeneration phases, which provides insights into the fabrication of advanced biomaterials for tissue engineering and immunological therapeutics.

11.
Biomaterials ; 276: 121057, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399120

RESUMO

Post-surgical residual tumor cells are the primary cause of relapse and progression of cancer but unfortunately, there are limited therapeutic options. In this work, a fillable plasma-activated biogel is produced on a thermosensitive biogel [(Poly-DL-lactide)-(poly-ethylene glycol)-(poly-DL-lactide), PLEL] with the aid of a discharge plasma for local post-operative treatment of cancer. In vivo data show that the plasma-activated PLEL biogel (PAPB) eliminates residual tumor tissues after removal surgery and also inhibits in situ recurrence while showing no evident systemic toxicity. Moreover, the PAPB possesses excellent storage capability, allows for slow release of plasma-generated reactive oxygen species (ROS), and exhibits good ROS-mediated anticancer effects in vitro. Our results reveal that the novel plasma-activated biogel is an effective therapeutic agent for local post-operative treatment of cancer.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Neoplasias , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
12.
Langmuir ; 37(36): 10657-10667, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449220

RESUMO

Bacterial infection and blockage are severe problems for polyurethane (PU) catheters and there is an urgent demand for surface-functionalized polyurethane. Herein, a cationic alternating copolymer comprising allyl-substituted ornithine and glycine (allyl-substituted poly(Orn-alter-Gly)) with abundant carbon-carbon double bond functional groups (C═C) is designed. Polyurethane is prepared with a large quantity of C═C groups (PU-D), and different amounts of allyl-substituted poly(Orn-alter-Gly) are grafted onto the PU-D surface (PU-D-2%AMPs and PU-D-20%AMPs) via the C═C functional groups. The chemical structures of the allyl-substituted poly(Orn-alter-Gly) and polyurethane samples (PU, PU-D, PU-D-2%AMPs, and PU-D-20%AMPs) are characterized and the results reveal that allyl-substituted poly(Orn-alter-Gly) is decorated on the polyurethane. PU-D-20%AMPs shows excellent antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, and Staphylococcus aureus because of the high surface potential caused by cationic allyl-substituted poly(Orn-alter-Gly), and it also exhibits excellent long-term antibacterial activity and antibiofilm properties. PU-D-20%AMPs also has excellent antifouling properties because the cationic copolymer is fixed at multiple reactive sites, thus avoiding the formation of movable long chain brush. A strong surface hydration barrier is also formed to prevent adsorption of proteins and ions, and in vivo experiments reveal excellent biocompatibility. This flexible strategy to prepare dual-functional polyurethane surfaces with antibacterial and antifouling properties has large potential in biomedical implants.


Assuntos
Incrustação Biológica , Poliuretanos , Antibacterianos/toxicidade , Incrustação Biológica/prevenção & controle , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Poliuretanos/toxicidade , Staphylococcus aureus , Propriedades de Superfície
13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(35): 41916-41925, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34448583

RESUMO

Flexible optoelectronic synaptic devices that functionally imitate the neural behavior with tunable optoelectronic characteristics are crucial to the development of advanced bioinspired neural networks. In this work, amorphous oxide-decorated GaN nanowire arrays (GaOx@GaN NWAs) are prepared on flexible graphite paper. A GaOx@GaN NWA-based flexible device has tunable persistent photoconductivity (PPC) and shows a conversible fast/slow decay process (SDP). Photoconductivity can be modulated by single or double light pulses with different illumination powers and biases. PPC gives rise to the high-performance SDP such as a long decay time of 2.3 × 105 s. The modulation mechanism is proposed and discussed. Our results reveal an innovative and efficient strategy to produce decorated NWAs on a flexible substrate with tunable optoelectronic properties and exhibit potential for flexible neuromorphic system applications.

14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(29): 34292-34300, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259494

RESUMO

Flexible rechargeable Zn//Ni batteries are attractive owing to their high energy density, good safety, inexpensive cost, and simple manufacturing process. However, the effects of metal doping on the properties of Ni3S2 cathodes in Zn/Ni batteries are not well understood. Herein, a binder-free Ni3S2 electrode is doped with Zn and Co and the nanocomposite structures are prepared on nickel foam (named ZCNS/NF) by a simple two-step hydrothermal technique. The ZCNS/NF//Zn battery delivers excellent electrochemical performance such as a working voltage window can be as high as 2.05 V, a capacity of 2.3 mAh cm-2 at 12 mA cm-2, and 82% retention going through 2000 cycles at 20 mA cm-2. The battery has a maximum output area energy density of 1.8 mWh cm-2 (462 Wh kg-1) and a power density of 36.8 mW cm-2 (9.2 kW kg-1). In addition, the flexible battery remains operational while being bent at a large angle and even punctured. The high performance and robustness of the composite cathode suggest that the design principle and materials have large commercial potential in Ni//Zn batteries.

15.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(6)2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199990

RESUMO

High refractive index dielectric nanostructures represent a new frontier in nanophotonics, and the unique semiconductor characteristics of dielectric systems make it possible to enhance electric fields by exploiting this fundamental physical phenomenon. In this work, the scattered radiation spectral features and field-enhanced interactions of gallium phosphide disks with forked slits at anapole modes are investigated systematically by numerical and multipole decomposition analyses. Additional enhancement of the electric field is achieved by opening the forked slits to create high-intensity hot spots inside the disk, and nearby molecules can access these hot spots directly. The results reveal a novel approach for near-field engineering such as electric field localization, nonlinear optics, and optical detection.

16.
Sci Adv ; 7(30)2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34301602

RESUMO

Nanoscale magnetic structures are fundamental to the design and fabrication of spintronic devices and have exhibited tremendous potential superior to the conventional semiconductor devices. However, most of the magnetic moments in nanostructures are unstable due to size effect, and the possible solution based on exchange coupling between nanomagnetism is still not clear. Here, graphene-mediated exchange coupling between nanomagnets is demonstrated by depositing discrete superparamagnetic Ni nano-islands on single-crystal graphene. The heterostructure exhibits ideal two-dimensional (2D) ferromagnetism with clear hysteresis loops and Curie temperature up to 80 K. The intrinsic ferromagnetism in graphene and antiferromagnetic exchange coupling between graphene and Ni nano-islands are revealed by x-ray magnetic circular dichroism and density functional theory calculations. The artificial 2D ferromagnets constitute a platform to study the coupling mechanism between complex correlated electronic systems and magnetism on the nanoscale, and the results and concept provide insights into the realization of spin manipulation in quantum computing.

17.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4616, 2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34326339

RESUMO

Conventional ultrafine-grains can generate high strength in Mg alloys, but significant tradeoff of corrosion resistance due to inclusion of a large number of non-equilibrium grain boundaries. Herein, an ultrafine-grain structure consisting of dense ultrafine twins is prepared, yielding a high strength up to 469 MPa and decreasing the corrosion rate by one order of magnitude. Generally, the formation of dense ultrafine twins in Mg alloys is rather difficult, but a carefully designed multi-directional compression treatment effectively stimulates twinning nucleation within twins and refines grain size down to 300 nm after 12-passes compressions. Grain-refinement by low-energy twins not only circumvents the detrimental effects of non-equilibrium grain boundaries on corrosion resistance, but also alters both the morphology and distribution of precipitates. Consequently, micro-galvanic corrosion tendency decreases, and severe localized corrosion is suppressed completely. This technique has a high commercial viability as it can be readily implemented in industrial production.

18.
Nano Lett ; 21(12): 5308-5315, 2021 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076433

RESUMO

Friction and wear are the main reasons for decreasing the lifetime of moving mechanical components and causing energy loss. It is desirable to achieve macroscale superlubricity on industrial materials for minimizing friction. Herein, the two-dimensional material black phosphorus (BP) is prepared as an oil-based nanoadditive in oleic acid (OA) and shown to produce macroscale superlubricity at the steel/steel contact under high pressure. Experiments and molecular dynamics simulation reveal that BP quickly captures the carboxylic group and, as a result of the high contact pressure and heat, OA decomposes to release passivating species and recombines to form amorphous carbon giving rise to a composite solid tribofilm with BP. The OA and passivating groups adsorb onto the solid tribofilm to produce the passivating layer, thus resulting in macroscale superlubricity. The findings provide fundamental insight into the nature of tribochemical mechanisms and suggest a new approach to achieve macroscale superlubricity of industrial materials.


Assuntos
Fósforo , Aço , Fricção
20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(26): 30797-30805, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34169714

RESUMO

The memristor is a foundational device for an artificial synapse, which is essential to realize next-generation neuromorphic computing. Herein, an optoelectronic memristor based on a two-dimensional (2D) transitional-metal trichalcogenide (TMTC) is designed and demonstrated. Owing to the excellent optical and electrical characteristics of titanium trisulfide (TiS3), the memristor exhibits stable bipolar resistance switching (RS) as a result of the controllable formation and rupturing of the conductive aluminum filaments. Multilevel storage is realized with light of multiple wavelengths between 400 and 808 nm, and the synaptic properties such as conduction modulation and spiking timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) are achieved. On the basis of the photonic potentiation and electrical habitual ability, Pavlovian-associative learning is successfully established on this TiS3-based artificial synapse. All these results reveal the large potential of 2D TMTCs in artificial neuromorphic chips.

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