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1.
BMJ Open ; 9(11): e032779, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740474

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To detect the combined effects of lifestyle factors on work-related burnout (WB) and to analyse the impact of the number of weekend catch-up sleep hours on burnout risk in a medical workplace. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Hospital-based survey in Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 2746 participants completed the hospital's Overload Health Control System questionnaire for the period from the first day of January 2016 to the end of December 2016, with a response rate of 70.5%. The voluntary participants included 358 physicians, 1406 nurses, 367 medical technicians and 615 administrative staff. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: All factors that correlated significantly with WB were entered into a multinomial logistic regression after adjustment for other factors. The dose-response relationship of combined lifestyle factors and catch-up sleep hours associated with WB was explored by logistic regression. RESULTS: Abnormal meal time (adjusted OR 2.41, 95% CI 1.85 to 3.15), frequently eating out (adjusted OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.12 to 1.97), lack of sleep (adjusted OR 5.13, 95% CI 3.94 to 6.69), no exercise (adjusted OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.81) and >40 work hours (adjusted OR 2.72, 95% CI 2.08-3.57) were independently associated with WB (for high level compared with low level). As the number of risk factors increased (1-5), so did the proportion of high severity of WB (adjusted OR 1.39, 95% CI 0.45 to 4.27, to adjusted OR 32.98, 95% CI 10.78 to 100.87). For those with more than 7 hours' sleep on workdays, weekend catch-up sleep (≤0/>0 and ≤2/>2 hours) was found to be related to an increase of burnout risk (adjusted OR 4.91, 95% CI 2.24 to 10.75/adjusted OR 4.94, 95% CI 2.54 to 9.63/adjusted OR 6.74, 95% CI 2.94 to 15.46). CONCLUSION: WB in the medical workplace was affected by five unhealthy lifestyle factors, and combinations of these factors were associated with greater severity of WB. Weekend catch-up sleep was correlated with lower burnout risk in those with a short workday sleep duration (less than 7 hours). Clinicians should pay particular attention to medical staff with short sleep duration without weekend catch-up sleep.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(6): e9803, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29419677

RESUMO

Multiple comorbidities, especially musculoskeletal dysfunction and cerebrovascular disease, remain barriers to normal social participation among persons with hemophilia (PWH). However, the relative health effects of such comorbidities on workers with hemophilia have seldom been explored. In this study, we investigated the incidence of comorbidities and their risk factors among workers with hemophilia.The study compared the incidence and risk factors of the major comorbidities of 411 workers with hemophilia enrolled in Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database between 1997 and 2010 with an age- and sex-matched general population.Compared with the general population, workers with hemophilia had higher risks for hemorrhagic stroke, arthritis/arthropathy, and knee/hip replacement among workers with hemophilia after multivariate adjustment, with hazard ratios (95% CI) of 4.60 (2.81-7.53), 4.03 (3.34-4.87), and 1.29 (1.10-1.41), respectively.Disorder of joints, hemophilia-related arthritis/arthropathy, hemorrhagic stroke, and knee/hip replacement remain significant comorbidities among workers with hemophilia, which will result in increased social burden. Policymakers and employers should apply appropriate interventions to help prevent productivity losses, reduced workforce participation, sick leave, and work disability among hemophilia workers.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/epidemiologia , Hemofilia A/epidemiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Comorbidade , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Política Pública , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(43): e8257, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29068991

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prescription trend and pattern of oral antidiabetic (OAD) medications, which are extensively used worldwide for treating type 2 diabetes, in 2 age groups.In this population-based study, data obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database, Taiwan, were analyzed to investigate the prescription trend of all types of OAD medications during 2005 to 2012. We used descriptive statistics to demonstrate the trend of prescription patterns stratified by age (aged 65 years and above or younger than 65).Sulfonylurea (SU) was once the most commonly used drug, but the proportion of its prescription had declined gradually (76.83% in 2005 to 63.70% in 2012). Consequently, biguanide (BG) became the most commonly used drug since 2010 (64.31% in 2005 to 74.41% in 2012). In addition, the prescriptions of thiazolidinedione decreased significantly (9.20% in 2005 to 2.86% in 2012), whereas the usage of DPP-4 inhibitor increased with time (3.73% in 2009 to 19.64% in 2012). The treatment choice of SU and α-glucosidase inhibitor (AGI) was higher in elderly patients compared with the younger population (SU: 62.70% in 2012, AGI: 12.78% in 2012). Two-drug combination therapies were the prevalent treatment choices for patients with type 2 diabetes (44.77% in 2012), particularly in the elderly group; however, ≥3 drug combination therapies increased gradually during the study period, particularly in the younger group.This descriptive study presents the change in the prescription of OAD medication for different age groups during 2005 to 2012.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Administração Oral , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Biguanidas/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos de Sulfonilureia/uso terapêutico , Taiwan , Tiazolidinedionas/uso terapêutico
4.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 65: 192-8, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27070503

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether late-career unemployment is associated with increased all-cause mortality, functional disability, and depression among older adults in Taiwan. METHOD: In this long-term prospective cohort study, data were retrieved from the Taiwan Longitudinal Study on Aging. This study was conducted from 1996 to 2007. The complete data from 716 men and 327 women aged 50-64 years were retrieved. Participants were categorized as normally employed or unemployed depending on their employment status in 1996. The cumulative number of unemployment after age 50 was also calculated. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the effect of the association between late-career unemployment and cumulative number of late-career unemployment on all-cause mortality, functional disability, and depression in 2007. RESULTS: The average age of the participants in 1996 was 56.3 years [interquartile range (IQR)=7.0]. A total of 871 participants were in the normally employed group, and 172 participants were in the unemployed group. After adjustment of gender, age, level of education, income, self-rated health and major comorbidities, late-career unemployment was associated with increased all-cause mortality [Odds ratio (OR)=2.79; 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.74-4.47] and functional disability [OR=2.33; 95% CI=1.54-3.55]. The cumulative number of late-career unemployment was also associated with increased all-cause mortality [OR=1.91; 95% CI=1.35-2.70] and functional disability [OR=2.35; 95% CI=1.55-3.55]. CONCLUSION: Late-career unemployment and cumulative number of late-career unemployment are associated with increased all-cause mortality and functional disability. Older adults should be encouraged to maintain normal employment during the later stage of their career before retirement. Employers should routinely examine the fitness for work of older employees to prevent future unemployment.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade , Desemprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Taiwan/epidemiologia
5.
Am J Hematol ; 90(4): E55-9, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25639564

RESUMO

As life expectancy increases in persons with hemophilia (PWH), more age-related diseases such as cancer emerge among this patient group. The aim of this study was to investigate incidence and survival of cancers among PWH in Taiwan. We analyzed data of 1,054 PWH retrieved from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database between 1997 and 2010, by comparing variables to 10540 age- and gender-matched healthy individuals from the general population. There were 43 PWH and 178 individuals of general population with newly diagnosed cancer (RR 2.42, 95% CI 1.74-3.35). The cumulative incidences of cancer in PWH and the general population were 4.7 and 1.9%, respectively. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was the major type of cancer (17 cases) in PWH; cancer rate was still increased when HCC and HIV-related cancers were excluded (RR 1.66, 95% CI 1.06-2.59). There was no significant difference observed in lung, colorectal, or prostate cancer occurrence. Compared to the general population, PWH were younger at the time of cancer diagnosis (45.1 vs. 57.2 years old, P value < 0.001), and had fewer co-morbidities. Nineteen PWH with cancers died during the study period, and no bleeding-related death was recorded among these patients. The survival rate was not different between PWH and the general population, P = 0.86. In conclusion, the cumulative incidence of cancer among PWH was higher than the general population. PWH with cancer were younger and had fewer comorbidities, but the survival rates were similar in the two groups.


Assuntos
Hemofilia A/complicações , Hemofilia A/mortalidade , Hemofilia B/complicações , Hemofilia B/mortalidade , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Hemofilia A/sangue , Hemofilia B/sangue , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/sangue , Análise de Sobrevida , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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