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1.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aging face is characterized by skin laxity and volume loss. Attenuation of facial retaining ligaments significantly contributes to skin sagginess and soft tissue volume loss. AIMS: We designed a prospective cohort study to quantitatively assess the efficacy of hyaluronic acid (HA) with adjunct poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) injections in strengthening the retaining ligaments. PATIENTS/METHODS: A total of 12 Asian women were treated with HA injections to the orbital, zygomatic, buccal-maxillary, and mandibular retaining ligaments with adjunct supraperiosteal and subdermal PLLA injections to the temporal region, midface, and lower face. Cephalometric measurements were done before treatment and 2, 4, 12, and 24 weeks post-procedurally. RESULTS: Eyebrow peak and tail angles increased 20.0° ± 3.8° to 21.0° ± 3.8° (p < 0.05) and -2.9° ± 4.2° to -1.3° ± 3.3° (p < 0.001) at week 12. Eyebrow-to-orbital-rim distance increased 1.9 ± 2.0 mm to 3.9 ± 1.5 mm (p < 0.001) at week 12. Eyebrow-to-upper-eyelid distance increased 11.6 ± 3.0 mm to 12.7 ± 3.2 mm (p < 0.001) at week 24. Eyebrow-peak-to-lateral-limbus distance decreased 6.1 ± 3.1 mm to 5.3 ± 2.4 mm (p < 0.05) at week 4. Tragus-oral-commissure length and lower-facial-contouring length decreased 281 ± 11 mm to 275 ± 10 mm (p < 0.01) and 297 ± 14 to 292 ± 11 mm (p < 0.05) at week 12, respectively. CONCLUSION: Hyaluronic acid injection for strengthening of facial retaining ligaments with adjunct PLLA is viable, safe, and effective in facial rejuvenation as supported by quantitative data.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445516

RESUMO

In this study, we prepared core-sheath nanofiber membranes (CSNFMs) with silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) embedding in the polylactic acid (PLA) nanofiber sheath and hyaluronic acid (HA) in the nanofiber core. The PLA/Ag NPs sheath provides mechanical support as well as anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. The controlled release of HA from the core could exert anti-adhesion effects to promote tendon sliding while reducing fibroblast attachment. From the microfibrous structural nature of CSNFMs, they function as barrier membranes to reduce fibroblast penetration without hampering nutrient transports to prevent post-operative peritendinous adhesion. As the anti-adhesion efficacy will depend on release rate of HA from the core as well as Ag NP from the sheath, we fabricated CSNFMs of comparable fiber diameter, but with thick (Tk) or thin (Tn) sheath. Similar CSNFMs with thick (Tk+) and thin (Tn+) sheath but with embedded Ag NPs in the sheath were also prepared. The physico-chemical properties of the barrier membranes were characterized in details, together with their biological response including cell penetration, cell attachment and proliferation, and cytotoxicity. Peritendinous anti-adhesion models in rabbits were used to test the efficacy of CSNFMs as anti-adhesion barriers, from gross observation, histology, and biomechanical tests. Overall, the CSNFM with thin-sheath and Ag NPs (Tn+) shows antibacterial activity with low cytotoxicity, prevents fibroblast penetration, and exerts the highest efficacy in reducing fibroblast attachment in vitro. From in vivo studies, the Tn+ membrane also shows significant improvement in preventing peritendinous adhesions as well as anti-inflammatory efficacy, compared with Tk and Tn CSNFMs and a commercial adhesion barrier film (SurgiWrap®) made from PLA.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Ácido Hialurônico/administração & dosagem , Poliésteres/química , Prata/química , Traumatismos dos Tendões/tratamento farmacológico , Células 3T3 , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Ácido Hialurônico/farmacologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nanofibras/química , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica , Coelhos , Traumatismos dos Tendões/cirurgia , Aderências Teciduais/prevenção & controle
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