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1.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 38(8): 144, 2022 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35748959

RESUMO

D-allulose is a rare low-calorie sugar that has many fundamental biological functions. D-allulose 3-epimerase from Agrobacterium tumefaciens (AT-DAEase) catalyzes the conversion of D-fructose to D-allulose. The enzyme has attracted considerable attention because of its mild catalytic properties. However, the bioconversion efficiency and reusability of AT-DAEase limit its industrial application. Magnetic metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have uniform pore sizes and large surface areas and can facilitate mass transport and enhance the capacity for enzyme immobilization. Here, we successfully encapsulated cobalt-type AT-DAEase into the cobalt-based magnetic MOF ZIF-67@Fe3O4 using a self-assembly strategy. We confirmed the immobilization of enzyme AT-DAEase and characterized the enzymatic properties of the MOF-immobilized AT-DAEase@ZIF-67@Fe3O4. The AT-DAEase@ZIF-67@Fe3O4 nanoparticles had higher catalytic activity (65.1 U mg-1) and bioconversion ratio (38.1%) than the free AT-DAEase. The optimal conditions for maximum enzyme activity of the AT-DAEase@ZIF-67@Fe3O4 nanoparticles were 55 °C and pH 8.0, which were significantly higher than those of the free AT-DAEase (50 °C and pH 7.5). The AT-DAEase@ZIF-67@Fe3O4 nanoparticles displayed significantly improved thermal stability and excellent recycling performance, with 80% retention of enzyme activity at a temperature range of 45-70 °C and > 45% of its initial activity after eight cycles of enzyme use. The AT-DAEase@ZIF-67@Fe3O4 nanoparticles have great potential for large-scale industrial preparation of D-allulose by immobilizing cobalt-type AT-DAEase into magnetic MOF ZIF-67@Fe3O4.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35730669

RESUMO

The first NLO-active metal iodate-phosphates, namely, Cd2(IO3)(PO4) and Cd1.62Mg0.38(IO3)(PO4) (1 and 2), with three types of NLO groups, have been reported. 1 and 2 are isostructural and the structure of 1 features a 3D network formed by the Cd4(IO3)8/4(PO4)6/3 groups. 1 and 2 with strong SHG signals of 4 × and 3.5 × KH2PO4 are promising SHG materials in the visible region.

3.
Environ Res ; 213: 113649, 2022 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35691381

RESUMO

The unreasonable use of antibiotics and the transmission of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) induced by antibiotics have led to a large number of ARGs entered the water environment, which seriously threatened human health and environmental safety. The estuarine aquatic environment connects with inland rivers and sea and is frequently influenced by human activities. This study aims to reveal the occurrences and abundances of ARGs and bacterial community composition by high-throughput quantitative PCR including 296 primers and high-throughput sequencing in the tide rising and ebbing of surface water in the Yongjiang Estuary, China. The results showed that there were a large number of ARGs and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) detected in the rising tide and ebb tide water bodies. The numbers of detected ARGs in each sample at rising and ebb tide ranged from 16 to 77 and 61 to 88, respectively, and the absolute abundance ranges were 1.69 × 104-1.69 × 109 copies/L and 3.18 × 103-2.57 × 109 copies/L, respectively. Obvious tidal distribution characteristics of ARGs were showed. Most of ARGs conferred resistance to multidrug, aminoglycosides and sulfanilamides. Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria and Bacteroidetes were the dominantly bacterial phylum in the Yongjiang Estuary. Network analysis results indicated that multi-genera were identified as possible ARGs hosts, and they carried more than two types of ARGs genes. Partial least squares path modeling further revealed that MGEs and bacterial community composition were the most important driving factors. The results of the study can provide the corresponding scientific basis for the diffusion and control of ARGs in estuaries.

5.
J Vasc Access ; : 11297298221075166, 2022 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674111

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish a multidisciplinary management model based on Delphi method to guide nursing practice and reduce the incidence of CVAD-associated Skin Impairment (CASI) in tumor patients. METHODS: On the basis of literature review and focus group interview, the initial item pool of CASI management model for cancer patients was determined. The Delphi method was used to conduct two rounds of letter consultation with 36 authoritative and representative experts to determine the content and weight of indicators of CASI multidisciplinary management model for cancer patients. RESULTS: Most of the research group were experts with bachelor degree or above. More than 90% of experts have worked for more than 10 years; Areas of expertise include oncology care, venous therapy, wound stomatology, and dermatology. The recovery rate of the two rounds of expert correspondence questionnaire was 100%. The authority coefficient of experts was 0.898, indicating a good degree of authority. Kendall's harmony coefficients were 0.193 and 0.250, with statistically significant differences (p < 0.001). After two rounds of expert letter consultation, a multidisciplinary management model of CASI for cancer patients was initially formed, which included 15 first-level prevention indexes and 38 second-level prevention indexes of CASI for cancer patients. There were 9 first-level indexes and 16 second-level indexes of CASI treatment in tumor patients. CONCLUSION: Cancer patients based on Delphi method to construct CASI multidisciplinary management model has high reliability and scientificity, multidisciplinary management model in the management of patients with tumor CASI exploration will provide new methods for central venous catheter nursing and the new way of thinking, will also be intravenous fluids will provide a scientific basis for professional development and quality improvement and practical experience.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35732973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) for pulmonary artery (PA) masses. METHODS: Of 2889 patients with PA filling defects of PA on CTPA, 79 consecutive patients suspicious for PA malignancy who subsequently underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT were enrolled. All masses were diagnosed on the basis of pathological findings or clinical imaging follow-up. For each mass, morphological CT signs, standardized uptake value (SUVmax and SUVmean), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) on 18F-FDG PET/CT were used as diagnostic markers. RESULTS: Expansive growth, irregular margin, invasion, CT contrast uptake, and wall eclipse sign were strongly associated with the malignant nature of masses. The coexistence of at least 5 CT signs perfectly identified malignant masses, whereas the detection of no more than 4 CT signs did not accurately discriminate between the natures of masses. Mean SUVmax, SUVmean, MTV, and TLG values were significantly higher in malignant masses compared to those in benign masses. The diagnostic accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT parameters (SUV, MTV, and TLG) was excellent in detecting malignant masses. Among patients with 3 or 4 pathological CT signs, SUVmax > 3.4 significantly increased the identification of malignancies. CONCLUSIONS: CTPA is a useful imaging modality for diagnosing PA masses, especially when at least 5 abnormal CT signs are identified. Similarly, 18F-FDG PET/CT accurately identified malignant masses and provided additional valuable information on diagnostic uncertainties after CTPA.

7.
Anal Chem ; 94(22): 8041-8049, 2022 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35617342

RESUMO

It is intriguing to modulate the fluorescence emission of DNA-scaffolded silver nanoclusters (AgNCs) via confined strand displacement and transient concatenate ligation for amplifiable biosensing of a DNA segment related to SARS-CoV-2 (s2DNA). Herein, three stem-loop structural hairpins for signaling, recognizing, and assisting are designed to assemble a variant three-way DNA device (3WDD) with the aid of two linkers, in which orange-emitting AgNC (oAgNC) is stably clustered and populated in the closed loop of a hairpin reporter. The presence of s2DNA initiates the toehold-mediated strand displacement that is confined in this 3WDD for repeatable recycling amplification, outputting numerous hybrid DNA-duplex conformers that are implemented for a transient "head-tail-head" tandem ligation one by one. As a result, the oAgNC-hosted hairpin loops are quickly opened in loose coil motifs, bringing a significant fluorescence decay of multiple clusters dependent on s2DNA. Demonstrations and understanding of the tunable spectral performance of a hairpin loop-wrapped AgNC via switching 3WDD conformation would be highly beneficial to open a new avenue for applicable biosensing, bioanalysis, or clinical diagnostics.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , COVID-19 , Nanopartículas Metálicas , DNA/química , DNA/genética , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , SARS-CoV-2 , Prata/química , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
8.
Dev Neurobiol ; 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535734

RESUMO

Neuron loss and disruption of neural circuits are associated with many neurological conditions. A key question is how to rebuild neural circuits for functional improvements. In vivo glia-to-neuron (GtN) conversion emerges as a potential solution for regeneration-based therapeutics. This approach takes advantage of the regenerative ability of resident glial cells to produce new neurons through cell fate reprogramming. Significant progress has been made over the years in this emerging field. However, inappropriate analysis often leads to misleading conclusions that create confusion and hype. In this perspective, we point out the most salient pitfalls associated with some recent studies and provide solutions to prevent them in the future. The goal is to foster healthy development of this promising field and lay a solid cellular foundation for future regeneration-based medicine.

9.
Clin Transl Med ; 12(4): e691, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35474446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric carcinoma (GC) is one of the most deadly diseases due to tumour metastasis and resistance to therapy. Understanding the molecular mechanism of tumour progression and drug resistance will improve therapeutic efficacy and develop novel intervention strategies. METHODS: Differentially expressed long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in clinical specimens were identified by LncRNA microarrays and validated in different clinical cohorts by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), in situ hybridisation and bioinformatics analysis. Biological functions of lncRNA were investigated by using cell proliferation assays, migration assays, xenograft tumour models and bioinformatics analysis. Effects of lncSLCO1C1 on GC cell survival were assessed by comet assays and immunofluorescence assays. Underlying molecular mechanisms were further explored by using a number of technologies including RNA pull-down, mass spectrometry analysis, RNA immunoprecipitation, co-immunoprecipitation, miRNA sequencing, luciferase reporter assays and molecular modelling. RESULTS: LncSLCO1C1 was highly upregulated in GC tissue samples and associated with GC patients' poor overall survival. Overexpression of lncSLCO1C1 promoted proliferation and migration, whereas decreased lncSLCO1C1 expression produced the opposite effects. lncSLCO1C1 also mediated tumour resistance to chemotherapy with oxaliplatin by reducing DNA damage and increasing cell proliferation. Despite sequence overlapping between lncSLCO1C1 and PDE3A, alternations of PDE3A expression had no effect on the GC cell progression, indicating that lncSLCO1C1, not PDE3A, related with the progression of GC cells. Mechanistically, lncSLCO1C1 serves as a scaffold for the structure-specific recognition protein 1 (SSRP1)/H2A/H2B complex and regulates the function of SSRP1 in reducing DNA damage. Meanwhile, lncSLCO1C1 functions as a sponge to adsorb miR-204-5p and miR-211-5p that target SSRP1 mRNA, and thus increases SSRP1 expression. Patients with high expressions of both lncSLCO1C1 and SSRP1 have poor overall survival, highlighting the role of lncSLCO1C1 in GC progression. CONCLUSIONS: LncSLCO1C1 promotes GC progression by enhancing cell growth and preventing DNA damage via interacting and scaffolding the SSRP1/H2A/H2b complex and absorbing both miR-211-5p and miR-204-5p to increase SSRP1 expression.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias Gástricas , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Proteínas de Grupo de Alta Mobilidade/genética , Proteínas de Grupo de Alta Mobilidade/metabolismo , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos , Oxaliplatina/farmacologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Fatores de Elongação da Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Elongação da Transcrição/metabolismo
10.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 30(2): 386-392, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35395968

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of hypoxia on the chemosensitivity of B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) cells to Vincristine (VCR) and the mechanisms. METHODS: B-ALL cells SUP-B15, Nalm-6 and RS4;11 were selected as the research objects. The cells were divided into the control group and the hypoxia mimic group (CoCl2 pretreatment). The two groups were treated with VCR at different concentrations for 24 hours, CCK-8 was used to detect cell viability, flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis, and Western bolt method was used to detect hypoxia inducible factor (HIF-1α), BAX, Bcl-2 and ß-actin protein expression. Quantitative real-time fluorescent PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect BAX and ß-actin mRNA levels. RESULTS: CoCl2 could simulate hypoxic environment to induce the expression of HIF-1α. The cells SUP-B15 and RS4;11 of the hypoxia mimic group were lower sensitivity to VCR as compared with the control group; the apoptosis rate of the hypoxia mimic group was lower than that of the control group after 80 nmol/L VCR treatment. The expression levels of BAX protein and mRNA in the hypoxia mimic group were lower than those of the control group, and there was no significant difference in the expression levels of Bcl-2 protein between two groups. CONCLUSION: Under hypoxic conditions, HIF-1α may mediate VCR resistance in B-ALL cells by downregulating the pro-apoptotic protein BAX.


Assuntos
Actinas , Apoptose , Actinas/farmacologia , Hipóxia Celular , Humanos , Hipóxia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , RNA Mensageiro , Vincristina/farmacologia , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/farmacologia
11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35400361

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of hypoxia on the chemosensitivity of B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) cells to Vincristine (VCR) and the mechanisms. METHODS: B-ALL cells SUP-B15, Nalm-6 and RS4;11 were selected as the research objects. The cells were divided into the control group and the hypoxia mimic group (CoCl2 pretreatment). The two groups were treated with VCR at different concentrations for 24 hours, CCK-8 was used to detect cell viability, flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis, and Western bolt method was used to detect hypoxia inducible factor (HIF-1α), BAX, Bcl-2 and ß-actin protein expression. Quantitative real-time fluorescent PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect BAX and ß-actin mRNA levels. RESULTS: CoCl2 could simulate hypoxic environment to induce the expression of HIF-1α. The cells SUP-B15 and RS4;11 of the hypoxia mimic group were lower sensitivity to VCR as compared with the control group; the apoptosis rate of the hypoxia mimic group was lower than that of the control group after 80 nmol/L VCR treatment. The expression levels of BAX protein and mRNA in the hypoxia mimic group were lower than those of the control group, and there was no significant difference in the expression levels of Bcl-2 protein between two groups. CONCLUSION: Under hypoxic conditions, HIF-1α may mediate VCR resistance in B-ALL cells by downregulating the pro-apoptotic protein BAX.


Assuntos
Actinas , Apoptose , Actinas/farmacologia , Hipóxia Celular , Humanos , Hipóxia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , RNA Mensageiro , Vincristina/farmacologia , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/farmacologia
12.
Dent Mater ; 38(5): e136-e146, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35430107

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Investigate the effect of aging on the wear behavior of glazed vs polished monolithic zirconia and to establish if glazing provides protection against low temperature degradation. METHODS: 40 1-mm-diameter spheres made from four differently treated monolithic zirconia (VITA YZ® HT); polished, polished-aged, glazed and glazed-aged (n = 10), were tested in a wear testing machine (UFW200) against bovine enamel in artificial saliva as per the following settings (ISO20808:2016): ball-on-disc configuration, 5 N vertical load, 0.1 m/s sliding speed, 400 m sliding distance and 37 °C temperature. Vertical substance loss (mm) wear of zirconia and enamel specimens was measured. Data were statistically analyzed with Kruskal-Wallis one-way ANOVA test (α > 0.05). RESULTS: Glazed-aged zirconia specimens resulted in the greatest amount of enamel wear (0.823 mm ± 0.157) followed by glazed (0.729 mm ± 0.289), polished-aged (0.377 mm ± 0.201) then polished (0.247 mm ± 0.125). In the groups with the same surface finish, aging showed no statistical difference in wear (P > 0.008). Glazing resulted in a higher enamel wear compared with polishing that was statistically significant (P < 0.008) except when the polished specimens were aged and the glazed specimens were not aged. SIGNIFICANCE: Aging increases abrasiveness of monolithic zirconia regardless of the type of surface finish. The effect of aging is "latent" and only revealed under mechanical loading during wear simulation which increases surface roughness and wear by adversely affecting zirconia's mechanical properties, making it less capable to maintain its initial surface smoothness. The glaze layer may protect zirconia from LTD, however, it is susceptible to aging which further increases its abrasiveness.


Assuntos
Polimento Dentário , Porcelana Dentária , Animais , Bovinos , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Zircônio
13.
Curr Med Imaging ; 2022 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35379138

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hounsfield units (HU) values derived from computerized tomography (CT) have been used in diagnosis for osteoporosis in the lumbar spine. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify anatomical dimensions of lumbar vertebrae on CT images, which were different between older normal, osteopenic and osteoporotic subjects. METHODS: This prospective pilot study enrolled 79 older adults. Based on CT measurements of lumbar vertebrae in HU, participants were classified into three groups: normal (HU > 109), osteopenia (HU: 94-108), and osteoporosis (HU < 93). Altogether, 42 anatomical variables of lumbar vertebrae, L2, L3, L4, and L5, were measured in each participant by CT, including 24 parameters measurable by MRI or plain X-ray, and 18 parameters measurable by MRI only. RESULTS: Among the morphological measurements also measurable by MRI and plain X-ray, the length upper curve, 50% and 75% of L5, length upper with cortex of L4, length center of cortex of L3, as well as width upper curve 75% of L2, were significantly different between the three groups (p= 0.008, 0.007, 0.035, 0.036, and 0.003 respectively). Among the morphological measurements also measurable by MRI, only width upper cortex 75% of L5 and width lower cortex 25% of L3 were significantly different between the three groups (p= 0.031 and 0.020, respectively). CONCLUSION: Seven CT morphological measurements may be used as "reference standard" CT measurements for preliminarily diagnosing osteoporosis and osteopenia in older adults.

14.
Front Surg ; 9: 859432, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35445074

RESUMO

Primary tracheal tumors are seldom seen, and most of them are malignant. At present, the main treatment is surgical resection. It is rare to accomplish tracheal tumor resection and tracheoplasty via uniportalal thoracoscopy. In order both to maintain the patient's oxygen supply during surgery and to reduce the size of the surgical incision, we have innovatively integrated the ECMO-assisted and uniportal thoracoscopic techniques for the first time, perfectly achieving tracheal tumor resection and tracheoplasty. The intraoperative manipulation was only 180 min in duration. The patient returned to the intensive care unit and recovered smoothly after the surgery. The patient was discharged from the hospital 17 days after the operation. ECMO-assisted uniportal thoracoscopic tracheal resection and tracheoplasty provides a new idea and method for colleagues.

15.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(6): 286, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35434044

RESUMO

Background: Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of cardiovascular disease, accompanied by high mortality and poor prognosis. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and its oxidized form oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) play an important role in atherosclerosis. This article will explore the role of the lncRNA COLCA1 (colorectal cancer associated 1)/hsa-miR-371a-5p/SPP1 (secreted phosphoprotein 1) pathway in oxLDL in causing human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs) inflammation and related biological function changes. Methods: OxLDL was used to stimulate HCAECs. The inflammatory response and biological function changes of HCAECs were analyzed, total RNA-seq was performed on HCAECs before and after stimulation, and RT-Qpcr (real-time quantitative PCR) was used to verify the differential genes. Interference of the expression of COLCA1 in HCAECs was performed by siRNA interference technology to verify the role of COLCA1 in the biological function changes of HCAECs after oxLDL stimulation, and further prove that COLCA1 affects SPP1 through hsa-miR-371a-5p. Results: OxLDL can affect the oxidative stress response of HCAECs, which in turn affects the apoptosis and wound healing ability of HCAECs. COLCA1 and SPP1 were highly expressed after oxLDL stimulation, while hsa-miR-371a-5p was the opposite. After COLCA1 interference, the oxidative stress level of HCAECs stimulated by oxLDL decreased, the apoptosis level also significantly decreased, and the wound healing ability was enhanced. After simultaneous COLCA1 interference and recovery of the expression of hsa-miR-371a-5p, these improved functions disappeared. The dual-luciferase assay confirmed that hsa-miR-371a-5p and COLCA1, hsa-miR-371a-5p and SPP1 has binding targets. Conclusions: OxLDL can up-regulate the expression of COLCA1 in HCAECs, which in turn affects the intracellular COLCA1/hsa-miR-371a-5p/SPP1 pathway to regulate the level of oxidative stress in cells. This in turn affects the level of apoptosis and wound healing ability, which causes cells to produce a continuous inflammatory response.

16.
Anal Chem ; 94(18): 6703-6710, 2022 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35476420

RESUMO

Ratiometric assays of label-free dual-signaling reporters with enzyme-free amplification are intriguing yet challenging. Herein, yellow- and red-silver nanocluster (yH-AgNC and rH-AgNC) acting as bicolor ratiometric emitters are guided to site-specifically cluster in two template signaling hairpins (yH and rH), respectively, and originally, both of them are almost non-fluorescent. The predesigned complement tethered in yH is recognizable to a DNA trigger (TOC) related to SARS-CoV-2. With the help of an enhancer strand (G15E) tethering G-rich bases (G15) and a linker strand (LS), a switchable DNA construct is assembled via their complementary hybridizing with yH and rH, in which the harbored yH-AgNC close to G15 is lighted-up. Upon introducing TOC, its affinity ligating with yH is further implemented to unfold rH and induce the DNA construct switching into closed conformation, causing TOC-repeatable recycling amplification through competitive strand displacement. Consequently, the harbored rH-AgNC is also placed adjacent to G15 for turning on its red fluorescence, while the yH-AgNC is retainable. As demonstrated, the intensity ratio dependent on varying TOC is reliable with high sensitivity down to 0.27 pM. By lighting-up dual-cluster emitters using one G15 enhancer, it would be promising to exploit a simpler ratiometric biosensing format for bioassays or clinical theranostics.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , COVID-19 , Nanopartículas Metálicas , COVID-19/diagnóstico , DNA , Fluorescência , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Prata , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
17.
Inorg Chem ; 61(18): 6711-6714, 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35481753

RESUMO

Herein, a new chiral compound with short Ag-Ag distances, namely, ß-Ag4P2S7 (P3121), has been discovered by a solid-state method. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations show that both α and ß phases exhibit suitable band gaps, low reduction potentials, and large visible-light absorption coefficients, as well as excellent band edges for carrier separation, suggesting their promising application in photocatalytic hydrogen production.

18.
Am J Med ; 2022 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35381212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hemoglobin levels and platelet counts have been associated with adverse clinical outcomes in patients with cardiovascular conditions. We aimed to assess the impact of oral anticoagulant use for patients with atrial fibrillation and concomitant anemia or thrombocytopenia. METHODS: We used medical data from a multicenter health care system in Taiwan including 37,074 patients with atrial fibrillation. Patients were categorized into 3 groups based on hemoglobin and platelet levels: Group 1 (hemoglobin >10g/dL and platelet>100 K/µL; n = 29,147), Group 2 (hemoglobin<10 g/dL or platelet<100 K/µL; n = 7078), and Group 3 (hemoglobin <10 g/dL and platelet <100 K/µL; n = 849). Patients in each category were further stratified as 3 groups according to their stroke prevention strategies: no oral anticoagulant use (non-OAC), warfarin, or nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs). RESULTS: A higher hemoglobin or platelet level was associated with a higher risk of ischemic stroke/systemic embolism but lower risks of intracranial hemorrhage and major bleeding. The composite risks of ischemic stroke/systemic embolism, intracranial hemorrhage and major bleeding were higher in Group 3 or Group 2, compared with Group 1 (6.79% a year vs 6.41% year vs 4.13% year). Compared to non-OACs, warfarin was not associated with a lower composite risk in the 3 groups. NOACs were associated with a lower composite risk in Group 1 (adjusted hazard ratio:0.68, [95% confidence interval:0.60-0.76]) and Group 2 (adjusted hazard ratio:0.73, [95% confidence interval:0.53-0.99]) but was nonsignificant in Group 3. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with atrial fibrillation with anemia or thrombocytopenia were a high-risk population. Compared with no OAC use, NOACs were associated with better clinical outcomes for patients with atrial fibrillation and advanced anemia (hemoglobin <10g/dL) or thrombocytopenia (platelet <100 K/µL) but not for those with both conditions.

19.
J Nutr Biochem ; 106: 109000, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35460832

RESUMO

Whether treatment with folic acid (FA) affects human breast cancer positively or negatively remains unclear. We subjected human Michigan Cancer Foundation-7 cells, a human breast cancer cell line, to suboptimal FA at low levels (10 nM; LF) and high levels (50 µM; HF) and investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying their effects through metabolic flux and systematic proteomics analyses. The data indicated that LF induced and HF aggravated 2-fold higher mitochondrial toxicity in terms of suppressed oxidative respiration, increased fermented glycolysis, and enhanced anchorage-independent oncospheroid formation. Quantitative proteomics and Gene Ontology enrichment analysis were used to profile LF- and HF-altered proteins involved in metabolism, apoptosis, and malignancy pathways. Through STRING analysis, we identified a connection network between LF- and HF-altered proteins with mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). Rapamycin-induced blockage of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling, which regulates metabolism, differentially inhibited LF- and HF-modulated protein signatures of mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase ubiquinone flavoprotein 2, mitochondrial glutathione peroxidase 4, kynureninase, and alpha-crystallin B chain as well as programmed cell death 5 in transcript levels; it subsequently diminished apoptosis and oncospheroid formation in LF/HF-exposed cells. Taken together, our data indicate that suboptimal FA treatment rewired oncogenic metabolism and mTORC1-mediated proteomics signatures to promote breast cancer development.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Ácido Fólico , Carcinogênese , Feminino , Ácido Fólico/farmacologia , Humanos , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina , Proteômica , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
20.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 19(1): 61-70, 2022 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35233224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence have demonstrated that thyroid hormones have been involved in the processes of cardiovascular metabolism. However, the causal relationship of thyroid function and cardiometabolic health remains partly unknown. METHODS: The Mendelian randomization (MR) was used to test genetic, potentially causal relationships between instrumental variables and cardiometabolic traits. Genetic variants of free thyroxine (FT4) and thyrotropin (TSH) levels within the reference range were used as instrumental variables. Data for genetic associations with cardiometabolic diseases were acquired from the genome-wide association studies of the FinnGen, CARDIoGRAM and CARDIoGRAMplusC4D, CHARGE, and MEGASTROKE. This study was conducted using summary statistic data from large, previously described cohorts. Association between thyroid function and essential hypertension (EHTN), secondary hypertension (SHTN), hyperlipidemia (HPL), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), ischemic heart disease (IHD), myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure (HF), pulmonary heart disease (PHD), stroke, and non-rheumatic valve disease (NRVD) were examined. RESULTS: Genetically predicted FT4 levels were associated with SHTN (odds ratio = 0.48; 95% CI = 0.04-0.82,P = 0.027), HPL (odds ratio = 0.67; 95% CI = 0.18-0.88,P = 0.023), T2DM (odds ratio = 0.80; 95% CI = 0.42-0.86,P = 0.005), IHD (odds ratio = 0.85; 95% CI = 0.49-0.98,P = 0.039), NRVD (odds ratio = 0.75; 95% CI = 0.27-0.97,P = 0.039). Additionally, genetically predicted TSH levels were associated with HF (odds ratio = 0.82; 95% CI = 0.68-0.99,P = 0.042), PHD (odds ratio = 0.75; 95% CI = 0.32-0.82,P = 0.006), stroke (odds ratio = 0.95; 95% CI = 0.81-0.97,P = 0.007). However, genetically predicted thyroid function traits were not associated with EHTN and MI. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests FT4 and TSH are associated with cardiometabolic diseases, underscoring the importance of the pituitary-thyroid-cardiac axis in cardiometabolic health susceptibility.

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